List of indigenous people of the Americas

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This is a list of notable indigenous peoples of the Americas. This list includes Inuit people, Yupik peoples, Aleut people, Alaskan Natives, Native Americans, First Nations, Métis, Indigenous Mexicans, the Caribbean, Central America, and South America. Indigenous identity is a complex and contested issue and differs from country to country in the Americas. Inclusion to this list is based on legal membership to an indigenous community, when applicable, or recognition by the relevant indigenous community/communities of the individual as a member of that community.

North America[edit]

Canada[edit]

Generally referred to as Aboriginal peoples in Canada when looking at the First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples collectively.

Greenland[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Porfirio Díaz, Mexican Army General, President of Mexico

This issue is complicated because a great majority of Mexicans are mestizos and therefore being part Native is not unusual as in Canada or the US. The list only include indigenous proper and mestizos with an indigenous parent. This list also includes a few Pre-Columbian figures considered remarkable in the history and culture of Mexico.

United States[edit]

Central America[edit]

Hatuey, Cacique, executed in 1512 by the Spanish, hero in modern Cuba

The Caribbean[edit]

Guatemala[edit]

Nicaragua[edit]

South America[edit]

Tupac Amaru II, leader of a massive 1781 Andean rebellion
Alejandro Toledo, Ex-President of Peru

Bolivia[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Chile[edit]

Colombia[edit]

Ecuador[edit]

Peru[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]