List of indigenous peoples of Brazil

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This is a list of the Brazil's indigenous or native peoples.

This is a sortable listing of peoples, associated language families, indigenous locations, and population estimates with dates. A particular group listing may include more than one area because the group is distributed in more than one area.

Background[edit]

The indigenous peoples in Brazil (Portuguese: povos indígenas no Brasil) comprise a large number of distinct ethnic groups, who have inhabited the country prior to the European. The word índios ("Indians"), was by then established to designate the people of the Americas and is still used today in the Portuguese language to designate these peoples, while the people of Asiatic India are called indianos.

At the time of first European contact, some of the indigenous peoples were traditionally semi-nomadic tribes who subsisted on hunting, fishing, gathering, agriculture, and arboriculture. Many of the estimated 2,000 nations and tribes which existed in the 16th century died out as a consequence of the European settlement. Most of the indigenous population died due to European diseases and warfare, declining from an estimated pre-Columbian high of millions to some 300,000 in 1997, grouped into some 200 tribes. A few tribes were assimilated into the Brazilian population.

In 2007, FUNAI reported that it had confirmed the presence of 67 different uncontacted tribes in Brazil, an increase from 40 in 2005. With this addition Brazil has now surpassed New Guinea as the country having the largest number of uncontacted peoples.

Seven Terras Indígenas (TI) (Reservations) are exclusively reserved for isolated people:

Table of indigenous peoples of Brazil[edit]

Name Other names Language Family Location Population
census/estimated
Year
Aikanã Aconã, Aicanã, Aikaná, Cassupá, Corumbiara, Massaká, Tubarão, Uari Aicanã Roraima 180 2005[1]
Aimoré Botocudo, Krenak Krenak Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, São Paulo 350 2010[2]
Ajurú Wayoró, Ayurú, Uaiora, Wajaru, Wayurú Tupari Roraima 80 2000[1]
Akuntsu Akunt'su Tupari Roraima 5 2012[2]
Amahuaca Amaguaco, Amawaka, Amenguaca, Ameuhaque, Ipitineri, Sayaco Yora Panoan Amazonas 500 2000[3]
Amanayé Amanaié, Amanyé, Araradeua Tupí–Guaraní Pará 131 2012
Amondaua Amondawa, Amundava, Amundawa, Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau Tupi–Guarani Rondônia, Acre[1] 115 2010
Anacé Ceará 1281 2012[2]
Anambé Tupi–Guarani Pará 132 2000[1]
Aparai Apalai, Apalaí, Apalay[1] Karib Pará 415 1998
Apiacá Apiaká Apiacá Mato Grosso 192 2001
Apinajé Apinayé, Apinaié Tocantins 1,260 2003[1]
Apolima Arara Arara do Rio Amônia, Apolima-Arara, Arara Apolima Portuguese Acre 297 2012[2]
Apurinã Ipurinãn, Kangite, Popengare Arawakan Acre, Amazonas 4,087 2003[1]
Aranã Portuguese Minas Gerais  ?
Arapaso Arapaço, Araspaso, Koneá Tucano Amazonas 268 1992[1]
Arara Arara do Pará, Ajujure, Ukaragma Karib Pará 200 1998[1]
Arara do Rio Branco Arara do Beiradão, Arara do Aripuanã, Mato Grosso Arára[1] Arara Mato Grosso 213 2010[2]
Arara Shawãdawa Arara do Acre, Shawanaua Panoan Acre (state) 545 2012[2]
Araueté Araweté, Bïde Tupi-Guarani, Subgroup V[1] Amazonas 442 2012[2]
Arikapú Arikapu, Aricapú, Maxubí[1] Yabutian languages Rondônia 33 2012[2]
Aruá Aruachi, Aruáshi[1] Tupian languages Rondônia 131 2012[2]
Ashaninka Ashenika, Kampa Asháninka language Acre and Peru Brazil: 1,201
Peru: 97,477
2012, 2007[2]
Assurini do Tocantins Akuawa, Asurini Tupi–Guarani Tocantins 516 2012[2]
Assurini do Xingu Assurini, Awaete Tupi–Guarani Pará 165 2012[2]
Atikum Aticum Portuguese Bahia, Pernambuco 7,924 2012[2]
Avá-Canoeiro Canoeiro, Cara-Preta, Carijó Tupi–Guarani, Subgroup IV[1] Bananal Island, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Tocantins 17 2012[2]
Aweti Aueti, Awytyza, Enumaniá, Anumaniá, Auetö Aweti, Kamayurá language, Portuguese Mato Grosso 195 2011[2]
Bakairi Bacairi, Kurä, Kurâ Karib Mato Grosso 929 2012[2]
Banawá Arawá Amazonas 200 2012[2]
Baniwa Baniba, Baniua do Içana, Baniva, Baniua, Curipaco, Dakenei, Issana, Kohoroxitari, Maniba, Walimanai Arawakan Amazonas, Colombia, and Venezuela 6,070 1983[1]
Bará Bara tukano, Waípinõmakã Tucano Amazonas and Colombia Brazil: 21
Colombia: 296
2012 (1988)[2]
Barasana Panenoá Barasana language, Tucano Amazonas and Colombia Brazil: 46
Colombia: 939
2012 (1998)[2]
Baré Hanera Arawakan Amazonas and Venezuela Brazil: 10,275
Venezuela: 2,815
2005, 2001[2]
Bororo Araripoconé, Araés, Boe, Coxiponé, Cuiabá, Coroados, Porrudos Bororo Mato Grosso 1,677 2012[2]
Canela Kanela,[1] Ramkokamekrá, Apanyekrá, Timbira Maranhão 2103 2011[2]
Chamacoco Ishiro, Jeywo, Yshyro[4] Zamucoan languages[4] Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraguay Brazil: 40
Paraguay: 1,515
1994, 2002
Chiquitano Chiquito Chiquitano language Mato Grosso and Bolivia Brazil: 473
Bolivia: 108,206
2012, 2001[2]
Cinta Larga Matetamãe Tupian languages
Rondônia and Mato Grosso 1,757 2012[2]
Deni Jamamadi Arawá Amazonas 1,394 2012
Desano Desana, Dessano Tucano Amazonas and Colombia Brazil: 2,204
Colombia: 2,036
2005, 1998
Dâw Dow, Kamã, Makú Maku Amazonas 83 1994[1]
Enawene Nawe Enawenê-Nawê, Enáuenês-nauê, Salumã[1] Arawakan Mato Grosso 566 2010[5]
Fulniô Fulni-o Ia–tê Pernambuco 4,336 2010[2]
Gavião Pykopjê Gavião do Maranhão, Gavião Pukobiê, Gavião do Leste, Timbira, Pykopcatejê Maranhão 647 2010[2]
Guajá Avá, Awá Tupi–Guarani, Subgroup VIII[1] Maranhão 355 2010[2]
Guajajara Guajájara, Guazazzara, Tenetehar, Tenetehara Tupi–Guarani, Subgroup IV[1] Maranhão 23,949 2010[2]
Guarani-Kaiowá/Pai Tavytera Caingua, Caiua, Caiwa, Cayua, Kaiova, Kaiwá, Kayova Tupi–Guarani, Subgroup I Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul) Brazil: 18,000
(Total in all countries: 18,510)
2003[1]
Guató Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul 370 2008[2]
Hupda Hup, Hupdë, Jupde, Ubdé Makú Amazonas and Colombia 1,210 195[1]
Ikpeng Txicão Karib Mato Grosso 459 2010[2]
Ingarikó Acahuayo, Acewaio, Akawai, Akawaio, and Kapon[1] Karib Roraima, Guyana and Venezuela Brazil: 675
Guyana: 4,000
Venezuela: 728
2010, 1990, 1992[2]
Iranxe Irantxe, Iranxe Manoki, Manoki Iranxe Mato Grosso 379 2010[2]
Jabuti Djeoromitxi, Jabotí, Yabutí[1] Rondônia 5 1990[1]
Jamamadi Canamanti, Kanamanti, Madi, Yamamadí[1] Arawá Amazonas,
Acre (state)
882 2010[2]
Jarauara Jarawara Arawá Amazonas 218 2010[2]
Javaé Karajá, Itya Mahãdu Goiás, Tocantins 1,456 2009[2]
Jenipapo-Kanindé Payaku unknown Ceará 302 2010[2]
Jeripankó Geripancó, Jiripancó Alagoas unknown 2,074 2010[2]
Jiahui Jahoi, Diarroi, Djarroi, Parintintin, Diahoi, Diahui, Kagwaniwa Tupi–Guarani Amazonas 97 2010[2]
Jiripancó Geripancó, Geripankó, Jeripancó, Jeripankó unknown Alagoas 2,074 2010[2]
Juma Arara, Kagwahibm, Kagwahiph, Kagwahiv, Kavahiva, Kawahip, Kawaib, Yumá[1] Tupi–Guarani
Subgroup VI
Amazonas 4 2010[2]
Jurúna Iuruna, Jaruna, Yudjá, Yudya, Yurúna[1] Mato Grosso Yuruna 348 2010[2]
Kaapor Caapor, Ka’apor, Kaaporté, Urubú-Kaapor[1] Tupi–Guarani, Subgroup VIII Maranhão, Pará 991[2] 2009
Kadiwéu Caduveo, Ediu-Adig, Kadivéu, Kadiveo, Kaduveo, Mbaya-Guaikuru[1] Guaikuru Mato Grosso do Sul 1,346 2009[2]
Kaiabi people Caiabi, Cajabi, Kaiaby, Kajabi, Kawaiwete, Kayabi[2] Tupi–Guarani Mato Grosso 2,202 2012[2]
Kaimbé Caimbé Kaimbe[1] Bahía 710[2] 2006
Kaingang Bugre, Caingang, Coroado, Coroados[1] Paraná, Santa Catarina, São Paulo, Rio Grande do Sul 33,064[2] 2009
Kaixana Caixana Amazonas 572[2] 2010
Kalabaça Calabaça Ceará 221[2] 2010
Kalankó Cacalancó Alagoas 390[2] 2009
Kalapalo Calapalo Karib Mato Grosso 385[2] 2011
Kali'na people Kali'na tilewuyu, Galibi Karib Amapá, French Guiana, Suriname, Venezuela Brazil: 65
Other countries: 17,150
2010, 2002[2]
Kamaiurá Camayurá (Kamaiurá) Tupi–Guarani Mato Grosso 467 2011[2]
Kamba Camba possibly Tupi–Guarani Mato Grosso do Sul 2,000 1986[1]
Kambeba Cambemba, Omaguá Tupi–Guarani Amazonas, Peru Brazil: 780
Peru: 3,500
2010, 1994[2]
Kambiwá Cambiua Pernambuco 2,954 2010[2]
Kanamari Canamari, Tukuna Katukina Amazonas 3,167 2010[2]
Kanindé Ceará 714 2010[2]
Kanoê Canoê, Kapixaná, Kapixanã Kanoe Rondônia 282[2] 2012
Kantaruré Cantaruré Bahia 340[2] 2010
Kapinauá Capinawá Pernambuco 3,702[2] 2009
Karajá Iny, Carajá Goiás, Mato Grosso, Pará, Tocantins 3,198[2] 2010
Karapanã Muteamasa, Ukopinõpõna Tucano Amazonas and Colombia Brazil: 63
Colombia: 412
2005, 1988[2]
Karapotó Alagoas 2,189[2] 2006
Karipuná Karipuna de Rondônia, Ahé Tupi–Guarani Rondônia 28 2010[2]
Karipuna do Amapá Karipuna-do-amapá Amapá 2,311 2009[2]
Kariri Cariri Ceará 118 2010[2]
Karirí-Xocó Kariri Xucó, Kipeá, Xocó, Xokó, Xokó-Karirí, Xukuru Kariri[1] Karirí-Xocó Alagoas 2,311 2009[2]
Karitiana Caritiana, Yjxa Arikem Rondônia 230 2010[2]
Karo Arara de Rondônia, Arara Karo, Arara Tupi, Ntogapíd, Ramaráma, Urukú, Urumí, I´târap Ramarama[1] Rondônia 338 2012[2]
Karuazu Alagoas 1,013 2010[2]
Katukina do Rio Biá Katukina Amazonas 462 2010[2]
Katukina Pano Catuquina, Kamanawa, Kamannaua, Katukina do Juruá, Waninnawa[1] Panoan Acre and Amazonas 594 2010[2]
Kaxarari Caxarari Panoan Amazonas and Rondônia 318 2010[2]
Kaxinawá Cashinauá, Caxinauá, Huni Kuin Panoan Acre and Peru Brazil: 7,535
Peru: 2,419
2010, 2007[2]
Kaxixó Caxixó Minas Gerais 308 2010[2]
Kaxuyana Caxuiana, Kaxuiâna, Kachuana, Kashujana, Kashuyana, Kaxúyana, Warikiana, Warikyana[1] Karib Pará 350 2009[2]
Kayapo Caiapó, Kayapó, Kokraimoro[1] Mato Grosso and Pará 8,638 2009[2]
Kiriri Kariri, Quiriri Bahia 2,182 2010[2]
Kokama Cocoma Tupi–Guarani Amazonas, Peru, and Colombia Brazil: 9,636
Peru: 11,370
Colombia: 236
2010, 2007, 1988[2]
Korubo Caceteiros[1] Panoan Amazonas 27 2010[2]
Krahô Craô, Kraô, Mehin Tocantins 2,463 2010[2]
Krenak Crenaque, Crenac, Krenac, Botocudos, Aimorés, Krén Krenak language Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, São Paulo 350 2010[2]
Kricati Kricati, Kricatijê, Põcatêjê, Timbira Maranhão 921 2010[2]
Kubeo Cubeo, Cobewa, Kubéwa, Pamíwa Tucano Amazonas, Colombia, Venezuela Brazil:489
Colombia: 4,238
Venezuela: 25
2012, 1988, 2001[2]
Kuikuro Ipatse Ótomo, Ahukugi Ótomo, Lahatuá Ótomo Karib Mato Grosso 522 2011[2]
Kujubim Cujubi, Cujubim, Kuyubi, Miqueleno Txapakura group
Rondônia 55 2006[2]
Kulina Madihá Culina, Kulina, Madihá[6] Arawakan Acre (state), Amazonas, and Peru Brazil: 5,558
Peru: 417
2010, 2007[2]
Kulina Pano Culina Pano[1] Panoan Amazonas 134 2010[2]
Kuripako Coripaco, Curipaco, Curripaco Arawakan Amazonas, Colombia, Venezuela Brazil: 1,485
Colombia: 7,827
Venezuela: 4,925
2012, 2004, 2001[2]
Kuruáya Caravare, Curuaia, Kuruaia[1] Munduruku Pará 159 2008[2]
Kwazá Coaia, Koaiá, Koaya, Quaiá[1] Kwaza Rondônia 40 2008[2]
Machinere Machineri, Manchineri, Manitenerí, Maxinéri, Yine Maipurean[1] Acre, Bolivia, and Peru Brazil: 997[7]
Bolivia: 15
Peru: 90
2012; 2001; 2007[2]
Makuna Baigana, Buhagana, Paneroa, Wuhána, Yeba–masã, Yehpá Majsá, Yepá–Mahsá Tucano Amazonas, Colombia Brazil: 32
Colombia: 528
2005, 1988[2]
Makuráp Macuráp, Macurapi, Makurápi, Massaka[1] Tupari Rondônia 478 2010[2]
Makuxi Macuxi, Macushi, Pemon Karib Roraima, Guyana, Venezuela Brazil: 29,931
Guyana: 9,500
Venezuela: 83
2010, 2001, 2001[2]
Marubo Kaniuá, Marova, Marúbo[1] Panoan Amazonas 1,705 2010[2]
Matipu Matipuhy, Mariape-Nahuqua Karib Mato Grosso 149 2011[2]
Matis Mushabo, Deshan Mikitbo Panoan Amazonas 390 2010[2]
Matsés Mayoruna Panoan Amazonas, Peru Brazil: 1,592
Peru: 1,724
2006, 2007[2]
Maxacali Kumanuxú, Maxakalí, Tikmuún Maxakalían Minas Gerais 1,500 2010[2]
Mbya Bugre, Mbiá, Mbua, Mbyá Tupi–Guarani, Subgroup I Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Brazil (RS/SC/PR, SP/RJ/MS) Brazil: 6,000
(Total in all countries: 25,450)
2003[1]
Meinako Mehinaco, Meinacu, Meinaku Arawakan Mato Grosso 254 2011[8]
Menky Manoki Munku, Menku, Myky, Manoki Iranxe Mato Grosso 102 2010[2]
Miranha Bora, Boro, Miraña, Mirãnia Witotoan[1] Amazonas, Colombia Brazil: 836
Colombia: 445
2006, 1998[2]
Mirity-tapuya Buia-tapuya Tucano Amazonas 75 2005[2]
Munduruku Mundurucu, Maytapu, Cara Preta Munduruku Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Pará 11,630 2010[2]
Mura Macro-Warpean Amazonas 15,713 2010[2]
Nadöb Macú Nadob, Maku Nadeb Makú Amazonas 0 [9]
Nauquá Nahukuá Karib Mato Grosso 126 2011[2]
Nambikwara Anunsu, Nambiquara, Nambikwara Nambiquaran[1] Mato Grosso, Rondônia 1,950 2010[2]
Ñandeva Apytare, Chiripá, Guaraní, Nhandeva, Tsiripá, Txiripá Tupi–Guarani, Subgroup I Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraná, Santa Catarina, São Paulo 4,900 1995[1]
Naruvoto Karib Mato Grosso 81 2003[2]
Náua Nawa Panoan Acre (state) 423 2005[2]
Nukini Nuquini Panoan Acre 622 2010[2]
Ofayé Ofaié, Ofaié-Xavante Ofaié language (isolate)[1] Mato Grosso do Sul 60 2010[2]
Omagua Anapia, Cambeba, Cambela, Campeba, Janbeba, Macanipa, Pariana, Umaua, Yhuata Tupí–Guaraní Amazonas 160 2000[1]
Oro-uin Oro Win Chapacuran[1] Rondônia 73 2010[2]
Paiter Suruí, Surui Paiter Tupian languages[1] Rondônia 1,172 2010[2]
Palikur Paricuria, Paricores, Palincur, Parikurene, Parinkur-Iéne, Païkwené, Païkwené Arawakan Amapá and French Guiana Brazil: 1,293
French Guiana: 720
2010, 1994[2]
Panará Kreen-Akarore, Krenhakore, Krenakore Mato Grosso and Pará 437 2010[2]
Pancararé Pankararé Pancararé[1] Bahia 1,640 2010[2]
Pankararu Pancaré, Pancaru, Pankarará, Pankararú[1] Portuguese Mato Grosso, Pernambuco, São Paulo 8,477 2010[2]
Pankaru Pankararu-Salambaia Bahia 179 2006[2]
Parakanã Tupi–Guarani Pará 1,266 2010[2]
Paresi Arití, Halíti Arawakan Mato Grosso, Rondônia 1,955 2012[2]
Parintintin Cabahyba Tupi–Guarani Amazonas 418 2010[2]
Patamona Ingarikó, Kapon Karib Roraima and Guiana 128 (5,500) 2010[2]
Pataxó Patachó, Patashó, Pataso Maxacali Bahia, Mato Grosso 11,833 2010[2]
Paumari Pamoari Arawá Amazonas 1,559 2010[2]
Pipipã Pernambuco 1,640 2006[2]
Pirarrã Mura Pirahã, Pirahã Mura Amazonas 420 2010[2]
Pira-tapuya Piratapuya, Piratapuyo, Piratuapuia, Pira-Tapuya Tucanoan Amazonas and Colombia Brazil: 1,433
Colombia: 400
2005, 1988[2]
Pitaguary Potiguara, Pitaguari Ceará 3,793 2010[2]
Potiguara Potyguara, Pitiguara Potiguara and Portuguese Paraíba 7575
Poyanáwa Poianáua, Puinahua Panoan Acre (state) 400 1999[1]
Rikbaktsa Aripaktsa, Canoeiro, Erikbatsa, Erikpatsa Mato Grosso 1,140 2006[1]
Sakurabiat Mequéns, Sakiriabar, Sakurabiat Tupari Rondônia 161 2010[2]
Sateré Mawé Sateré-Maué Mawé Amazonas 10,761 2010[2]
Shanenawa Katukina Shanenawa, Shanenawa Panoan Acre 411 2010[2]
Siriano Sarirá, Siriana, Siriane, Surianá, Surirá, Suryana[1] Tucano Amazonas and Colombia Brazil: 71
Colombia: 665
2005, 1988[2]
Suruí Paiter, Suruí de Rondônia, Suruí do Jiparaná Mondé[1] Rondônia 1,172 2010[10]
Suruí do Pará Aikewara, Akewara, Akewere, Sororos[1] Tupi–Guarani Pará 330 2010[11]
Suyá Kisêdjê, Kisidjê Mato Grosso 330 2010[2]
Tabajara Ceará 2,856 2010[2]
Tapayúna Beiço de pau, Kajkwakratxi, Kajkwakratxi Mato Grosso 160 2010[2]
Tapeba Perna-de-pau, Tapebano Tapeba Ceará 6,600 2010[2]
Tapirapé Tupi–Guarani Mato Grosso, Tocantins 655 2010[2]
Tapuio Tapuya, Tapuia Tapuio Goiás 298 2010[2]
Tariana Taliáseri, Tariano, Tariáno, Tarîna Arawakan Amazonas and Colombia Brazil: 2,067
Colombia: 205
2010, 1988[2]
Taurepang Taulipang, Taurepangue, Taulipangue, Pemon Karib Roraima and Venezuela Brazil: 673
Venezuela: 27,157
2010, 2001[2]
Tembé Tenetehara[1] Tupi–Guarani Amazonas, Pará 1,502 2010[2]
Tenharim Kagwahiva Tupi–Guarani
Subgroup VI[12]
Amazonas 703 2010[2]
Terena Etelena, Terêna Maipurean[13] Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, São Paulo 24,776 2009[2]
Ticuna Magüta, Tikuna, Tukuna Ticuna language (isolate)[13] Amazonas, Peru, and Colombia Brazil: 36,377
Peru: 6,982
Colombia: 8,000
2009, 2007, 2011[2]
Tingui-botó Tingui Botó, Carapató, Dzboku’a, Dzubukuá, Karapató, Tingui[1] Dzubukuá Alagoas 390 2012[2]
Tirió Tirió, Tarona, Yawi, Pianokoto, Wü tarëno, Txukuyana, Ewarhuyana, Akuriyó Karib Amazonas, Pará, Suriname Brazil: 1,464
Suriname: 1,845
2010, 2006[2]
Torá Txapakura Amazonas 312 2006[2]
Tremembé Tremembé Ceará 2,971 2010[2]
Truká Truká Bahia, Pernambuco 3,078 2009[2]
Trumai Trumái, Trumaí Trumai language (isolate) Mato Grosso 97 2011[14]
Tukano Daxsea, Tukána, Tucano, [1] Ye´pâ-masa Tucano Amazonas and Colombia  Brazil: 6,241,
 Colombia: 6,330,
 Venezuela: 11
2005, 1998, 2001[2]
Tumbalalá Bahia 1,160 2010[2]
Tupari Tupian[1] Rondônia 517 2010[2]
Tupinambá Bahia 4,729 2009[2]
Tupiniquim Tupinikim, Tupinaki, Tupinikim, Tupinikin Tupí–Guaraní[1] Espírito Santo 2,630 2010[2]
Turiwára Turiuara Tupi–Guarani Pará 30 1995[1]
Tuxá Todela, Tusha Tuxá language (isolate)[1] Alagoas, Bahia, and Pernambuco 2,142 2010[2]
Tuyuca Dochkafuara, Doka-Poara, Doxká-Poárá, Tuiuca, Tuyuka Tucano[1] Amazonas, Colombia  Brazil: 825,
 Colombia: 570
2005, 1988[2]
Umutina Barbados, Omotina Bororan[1] Mato Grosso 445 2009[2]
Wai-wai Ouayeone, Uaieue, Uaiuai (subgroup: Katawian)[1] Karib Roraima, Amazonas, Pará, and Guiana 2,914 (170) 2005, 2006[2]
Waimiri-Atroarí Atroahy, Atroaí, Atroarí, Atrowari, Atruahí, Ki’nya, Waimiri Atroari Karib Roraima and Amazonas 930 2006[1]
Wajãpi Wayapi, Wajapi, Oiampi Wajãpi, Tupi–Guarani Amapá, Pará, and French Guiana  Brazil: 956
 French Guiana: 950
2010 (2009)[2]
Wapixana Uapixana Arawakan Roraima and Guiana  Brazil: 7,832 2010[2]
Warekena Uarekena, Werekena Arawakan Amazonas and Venezuela  Brazil: 887
 Venezuela: 513
2010 (2001)[2]
Wari' Pakaa Nova, Waricaca', Uari, Orowari, Txapakura[1] Rondônia 2,721 2006[2]
Wassu Uassu, Wasu Portuguese Alagoas 1,806 2010[2]
Waurá Uauja, Wauja Arawakan Mato Grosso 529 2012[2]
Wayana Uaiana, Upurui, Roucouyen, Orkokoyana, Urucuiana, Urukuyana, Alucuyana Karib Amazonas, Pará, Suriname and French Guiana  Brazil: 304
 Suriname: 500
 French Guiana: 800
2010 (2002)[2]
Witoto Uitoto Witoto Amazonas, Colombia, and Peru  Brazil: 44
 Colombia: 5,939
 Peru: 1,864
2010 (1988, 2007)[2]
Xakriabá Xacriaba Minas Gerais 6000
Xambioá Karajá do Norte, Ixybiowa, or Iraru Mahãndu Tocantins 185
Xavante Mato Grosso 9602
Xerentes Xerente Tocantins 1814
Xetá Tupi–Guarani Paraná 8
Caiapós-xicrin Xikrin Pará 1,052
Xipaia Xipaya Juruna Pará 595
Xoclengue Xoclengue Santa Catarina 757
Xocó Xokó Portuguese Sergipe 250
Xukuru Portuguese Pernambuco 6363
Xukuru Kariri Portuguese Alagoas 1820
Yaminawa Panoan Acre, Brazil, Peru, and Bolivia Brazil: 618
Peru: 324
Bolivia: 630
Ianomâmi Yanomami (subgroups Yanomam, Sanumá and Ninam) Yanomami Roraima, Amazonas, and Venezuela Brazil: 11,700 (15,193)
Yawalapiti Iaualapiti Arawakan Mato Grosso 208
Yawanawá Iauanauá Panoan Acre (state) 450
Ye'kuana Yekuana, Yequana, Maiongong Karib Roraima and Venezuela 426 (3632)
Yuhupde Maku Amazonas and Colômbia
Zo'é Poturu Tupian[1] Pará 152
Zoró Pangyjej Tupian languages Mato Grosso 414
Zuruahã Suruwahá Arawá Amazonas 143

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu "Languages of Brazil." Ethnologue. Retrieved 25 Feb 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj "Table of the Indigenous peoples." Povos Indígenas no Brasil. Retrieved 3 Feb 2013.
  3. ^ "Amahuaca." Ethnologue. Retrieved 16 Feb 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Chamacoco." Ethnologue. Retrieved 4 Feb 2013.
  5. ^ "Enawenê-nawê: Introduction." Instituto Socioambiental: Povos Indígenas no Brasil. Retrieved 28 March 2012
  6. ^ "Kulina." Ethnologue. Retrieved 19 Feb 2012.
  7. ^ "Manchineri: Introduction." Povos Indígenas no Brasil. Retrieved 20 Feb 2012.
  8. ^ "Mehinako: Introduction." Instituto Socioambiental: Povos Indígenas no Brasil. Retrieved 14 March 2012
  9. ^ "Nadob." Povos Indígenas no Brasil. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  10. ^ "Paiter: Introduction." Instituto Socioambiental: Povos Indígenas no Brasil. Retrieved 5 April 2012
  11. ^ "Suruí: Introduction." Instituto Socioambiental: Povos Indígenas no Brasil. Retrieved 5 April 2012
  12. ^ "Tenharim language code: pah". Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  13. ^ a b "Pai Tavytera." Ethnologue. Retrieved 17 Jan 2013.
  14. ^ "Trumai: Introduction." Povos Indígenas no Brasil. Retrieved 24 Feb 2012.

External links[edit]