List of individual bears

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The following is a list of individual bears which garnered national or worldwide attention:

Actors[edit]

Wrestlers and performers[edit]

Mascots[edit]

Wojtek with a Polish soldier

Companion bears[edit]

Wild bears[edit]

  • Bear 71, a female grizzly bear who lived in Banff National Park, was collared at the age of three and watched her whole life via trail cameras in the park. She is the subject of a 2011 National Film Board of Canada web documentary Bear 71, which premiered at the 2012 Sundance Film Festival.[22][23]
  • Bear 141, a large male grizzly bear residing in Katmai National Park that killed and partially devoured naturalist and bear-enthusiast Timothy Treadwell and his girlfriend Amie Huguenard in 2003. Bear 141 was shot and killed by park rangers on October 6, 2003 to allow retrieval of the bodies. The events leading up to the deaths are documented in the film Grizzly Man.
  • Bear JJ1 (also called "Bruno," "Beppo," or "Petzi"), a male Eurasian brown bear seen during the first half of 2006, was the first brown bear spotted in Southern Germany for a century.[24] He was controversially shot in June 2006 after killing domestic animals.[25]
  • Hope, a female American black bear cub famous for being "born on the internet" in 2010 when her birth was broadcast by webcam, and her mother Lily were subjects of a study by Professor Lynn Rogers and were featured in the BBC documentary The Bear Family & Me. In September 2011, it was reported that Hope was believed to have been shot dead by hunters.[26]
  • Old Ephraim (also called "Old Three Toes" due to a deformed foot), a male grizzly bear, was a very large bear that roamed the Cache National Forest circa 1911–23.
  • Pedals was an American black bear (Ursus americanus) that walked upright on its hind legs due to injuries on his front paws. He was filmed many times walking around suburban neighborhoods in New Jersey, and became well known as the videos were published on then internet.
  • An (unnamed) old injured bear was tied up in Mississippi as part of a canned hunt for President Theodore Roosevelt. Teddy Roosevelt refused to shoot the bear, and this event was popularized by cartoonist Clifford Berryman, resulting in the creation of the Teddy bear.

Zoological specimen[edit]

Knut, the famous polar bear cub from the Berlin Zoological Garden, in May 2007
  • Binky, a male polar bear at the Alaska Zoo in Anchorage, Alaska, became famous in the summer of 1994 after mauling several zoo visitors who, disregarding safety bars and signs, got too close to the bear's enclosure.
  • Brumas, a female polar bear (born November 1949), was the first baby polar bear to be successfully reared in the United Kingdom. Raised at Regent's Park Zoo in London, she became a major celebrity and was largely responsible for zoo attendance records. Although a female, it was erroneously reported in the press that Brumas was male, and as such many members of the public believed her to be a "he". Brumas died in May 1958.[27]
  • Flocke, a female polar bear, was born in captivity at the Nuremberg Zoo in Nuremberg, Germany on 11 December 2007. After concerns over the cub's safety were raised due to her aggressive mother, Flocke was removed from the other bears in the zoo and raised by hand. She became a popular tourist attraction at the zoo; her trademarked name and image were used in a publicity campaign for the metropolitan region of Nuremberg.
  • Gus, a male polar bear at the Central Park Zoo in New York City from 1988 to 2013, came to media attention in the 1990s when he was seen obsessively swimming in his pool for up to 12 hours a day.[28] The zoo paid an animal behavioral therapist to diagnose Gus' problem;[28] the therapist concluded that Gus was "bored and mildly crazy in the way that a lot of people are in New York".[29] Gus' erratic behavior tapered off with changes to his habitat and mealtimes;[28] he was also the first zoo animal in history to be treated with Prozac.[30] From the publicity surrounding his diagnosis and treatment, Gus became a symbol of the "neurotic" New Yorker[29][31] and was the subject of several books and a play.
  • Inuka (Inuit for "Silent Stalker"), a male polar bear, was born in 1990, and one of the mascots of the Singapore Zoo.
  • Knut, a male polar bear born in captivity at the Berlin Zoological Garden, was rejected by his mother at birth and raised by zookeepers. He was the first polar bear cub to survive past infancy at the Berlin Zoo in more than 30 years. At one time the subject of international controversy, he became a tourist attraction and commercial success.[32] Knut became the center of a mass media phenomenon dubbed "Knutmania" that spanned the globe and spawned toys, media specials, DVDs, and books. Because of this, the cub was largely responsible for a significant increase in revenue, estimated at about five million euros, at the Berlin Zoo in 2007.[33] On 19 March 2011, Knut unexpectedly died at the age of four. His death was caused by drowning after he collapsed into his enclosure's pool while suffering from encephalitis.[34]
  • Monarch, a male California grizzly bear, was one of the last wild grizzly bears in California, United States. Monarch was captured in 1889 upon orders of newspaper editor William Randolph Hearst and was put on public display by Hearst at Woodward's Gardens in San Francisco. At the time he was thought to be the largest bear in captivity, and over 20,000 people came to see him on the first day of the exhibit. After his death, his stuffed body was used as the model for the bear on the California state flag.
  • Old Martin was a large grizzly bear given to George III in 1811 by the Hudson's Bay Company. The bear was sent to join the Royal Menagerie, housed at the Tower of London. Although this was the first grizzly bear in England, the king said he would rather have had been given a new tie or a pair of socks.[35][36][37]
  • Pipaluk, a male polar bear, was the first male polar bear born in captivity in Britain, and, like Brumas, became a major celebrity at Regent's Park Zoo in London during early 1968. His name came from an Inuit term meaning "little one". Pipaluk was moved from London to Poland in 1985 when the Mappin Terraces, which housed the bears, was closed. He died in 1990.[27]
  • Siku, a male polar bear, was born in November 2011. Abandoned by his mother, who produced insufficient milk to feed him, he was put into care at Skandinavisk Dyrepark (the Scandinavian Wildlife Park, Denmark). A YouTube video of him became an overnight sensation, and invited comparisons with Knut (polar bear).
  • Wilbär, a male polar bear, was born at the Wilhelma Zoo in Stuttgart, Germany in 2007.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ National Geographic World, May 1999, cited and quoted by Jordan Carlton Schaul, "Inspired by Late Animal Actor 'Bart the Bear' - Vital Ground Protects Grizzly Bear Habitat", voices.nationalgeographic.com, Oct. 13, 2013, accessed May 15, 2015.
  2. ^ "Bart the Bear". Wasatch Rocky Mountain Wildlife. 
  3. ^ "Bart the Bear 2". Wasatch Rocky Mountain Wildlife. 
  4. ^ Schwartz, Terri. "Game of Thrones cast a Bear". Zap2it. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  5. ^ "Vital Ground: Bart the Bear II and Honey Bump", Vitalground.org, accessed May 15, 2015.
  6. ^ Beck, Ken, and Jim Clark. The Encyclopedia of TV Pets: A Complete History of Television's Greatest Animal Stars. Rutledge Hill Press, 2002, p. 160-161. ISBN 1-55853-981-6.
  7. ^ "Gentle Ben: Season One". Retrieved January 15, 2015. 
  8. ^ Beck, Ken, and Jim Clark. The Encyclopedia of TV Pets: A Complete History of Television's Greatest Animal Stars. Rutledge Hill Press, 2002, p. 241-242. ISBN 1-55853-981-6.
  9. ^ "Ronald Oxley, 46, Trainer of TV and Movie Animals, Dies." Los Angeles Times, Dec. 30, 1985, available online at latimes.com, accessed May 19, 2015.
  10. ^ Anderson, George. "'Train Robbers' at Fulton, 'Judge Roy Bean' at Warner" (movie review), Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Feb. 8, 1973, p. 7.
  11. ^ Billington, Dave. "The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean: Some Life! Some Times!" (movie review), Montreal Gazette, Feb. 17, 1973, accessed May 19, 2015.
  12. ^ "1980: Missing Scottish bear is found". BBC News. 13 September 1980. 
  13. ^ "Montana Grizzly Encounter". Retrieved January 9, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Casey Anderson: Grizzly Bear Expert". Montana Travel. Archived from the original on January 1, 2013. Retrieved January 9, 2013. 
  15. ^ Sharon Petzold (producer-writer), Sue Houghton (director) (2010). Grizzly Face to Face: Hollywood Bear Tragedy (television documentary). United States: National Geographic Channel. 
  16. ^ "Bear With Us". bearwithus.org. Retrieved January 9, 2014. 
  17. ^ Pincus, David. "The Amazing True Story of Victor, the Wrestling Bear." Deadspin.com, Feb. 27, 2014, accessed May 22, 2015.
  18. ^ Rosenthal, Mark, et al. The Ark in the Park: The Story of Lincoln Park Zoo. Univ. of Illinois, 2003, p. 79. ISBN 0-252-02861-9.
  19. ^ "Parachuting Bear Leaves Army For Zoo," Tuscaloosa News, Oct. 24, 1954, p. 26.
  20. ^ "Meet Casey Anderson - and his best friend, an 800-pound bear". LA Times. 2009-05-03. Retrieved 2015-05-14. 
  21. ^ Killalea, Debra (2009-04-29). "Meet Brutus, the 800lb grizzly bear who likes to eat his meals at the dinner table | Mail Online". Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-05-14. 
  22. ^ Monk, Katherine. "Sundance: Interactive film, Bear 71, blurs lines between wild and wired". canada.com. Postmedia News. Archived from the original on 26 January 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  23. ^ Makarechi, Kia (24 January 2012). "'Bear 71': Interactive Film At Sundance Tells Dark Side Of Human Interaction With Wildlife". Huffington Post. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  24. ^ Bruno the bear dodges German hunt, BBC News, 19 June 2006.
  25. ^ Hall, Allan (27 June 2006). "Outcry as Bruno the bear shot dead". The Scotsman. Edinburgh. 
  26. ^ "World famous black bear Hope is believed killed". Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  27. ^ a b Zoological Society of London "Famous animals" webpage, accessed October 26, 2008 Archived November 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  28. ^ a b c Kleinfield, N.R. (28 August 2013). "Farewell to Gus, Whose Issues Made Him a Star". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 September 2013. 
  29. ^ a b Friend, Tad (24 April 1995). "It's a Jungle in Here". New York: 43–50. Retrieved 1 September 2013. 
  30. ^ Frost, Warwick (2010). Zoos and Tourism: Conservation, Education, Entertainment?. Channel View Publications. p. 51. ISBN 1845412079. 
  31. ^ Kifner, John (2 July 1994). "ABOUT NEW YORK;Stay-at-Home SWB, 8, Into Fitness, Seeks Thrills". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 September 2013. 
  32. ^ Moore, Tristana (23 March 2007). "Baby bear becomes media star". BBC. Retrieved 21 April 2007. 
  33. ^ Boyes, Roger (13 December 2007). "Berlin Zoo culls creator of the cult of Knut". London: The Times. Retrieved 8 July 2009. 
  34. ^ "Celebrity Polar Bear Knut Is Dead". Spiegel Online. 19 March 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011. 
  35. ^ Kennedy, Maev (18 October 1999). "Tower's old grizzly back on show". Guardian. Retrieved 24 March 2017. 
  36. ^ "The Tower of London: Discover The Wild Beasts That Once Roamed The Royal Menagerie". www.hrp.org.uk. Historic Royal Palaces. Retrieved 24 March 2017. 
  37. ^ Spragg, Iain (23 May 2014). "A Grizzly Sight, 1811". London's Strangest Tales: Historic Royal Palaces: Extraordinary but True Stories. Pavilion Books. ISBN 978-1-84994-189-1. Retrieved 24 March 2017.