List of individual gold medalists in swimming at the Olympics and World Aquatics Championships (women)

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This is an overview of the women's swimming champions in individual events at the Olympics and the World Aquatics Championships. These tournaments are the only global long course (50 meter pool) swimming championships organized by world swimming federation FINA. This list gives an overview of the dominant swimmers throughout the history of swimming.

Currently, the Olympic program includes 13 individual events, and the World Championships program 17. These numbers were lower in the past, as shown in the table.

Asterisks (*) link to the event article. Use the sort function in the left-hand column to separate Olympics and World Championships.

Year Freestyle Backstroke Breaststroke Butterfly Individual medley
50 m 100 m 200 m 400 m 800 m 1500 m 50 m 100 m 200 m 50 m 100 m 200 m 50 m 100 m 200 m 200 m 400 m
OG 1912 Durack*
OG 1920 Bleibtrey* Bleibtrey* (300 m)
OG 1924 Lackie* Norelius* Bauer* Morton*
OG 1928 Osipowich* Norelius* Braun* Schrader*
OG 1932 Madison* Madison* Holm* Dennis*
OG 1936 Mastenbroek* Mastenbroek* Senff* Maehata*
OG 1948 Andersen* Curtis* Harup* van Vliet*
OG 1952 Szőke* Gyenge* Harrison* Székely*
OG 1956 Fraser* Crapp* Grinham* Happe* Mann*
OG 1960 Fraser* von Saltza* Burke* Lonsbrough* Schuler*
OG 1964 Fraser* Duenkel* Ferguson* Prozumensh-chikova* Stouder* de Varona*
OG 1968 Henne* Meyer* Meyer* Meyer* Hall* Watson* Bjedov* Wichman* McClements* Kok* Kolb* Kolb*
OG 1972 Neilson* Gould* Gould* Rothhammer* Belote* Belote* Carr* Whitfield* Aoki* Moe* Gould* Neall*
WC 1973 Ender* Rothhammer* Greenwood* Calligaris* Richter* Belote* Vogel* Vogel* Ender* Kother* Hübner* Wegner*
WC 1975 Ender* Babashoff* Babashoff* Turrall* Richter* Treiber* Anke* Anke* Ender* Kother* Heddy* Tauber*
OG 1976 Ender* Ender* Thümer* Thümer* Richter* Richter* Anke* Kosheveya* Ender* Pollack* Tauber*
WC 1978 Krause* Woodhead* Wickham* Wickham* Jezek* Jezek* Bogdanova* Kačiušytė* Pennington* Caulkins* Caulkins* Caulkins*
OG 1980 Krause* Krause* Diers* Ford* Reinisch* Reinisch* Geweniger* Kačiušytė* Metschuck* Geissler* Schneider*
WC 1982 Meineke* Verstappen* Schmidt* Linehan* Otto* Sirch* Geweniger* Varganova* Meagher* Geissler* Schneider* Schneider*
OG 1984 Steinseifer & Hogshead* Wayte* Cohen* Cohen* Andrews* de Rover* van Staveren* Ottenbrite* Meagher* Meagher* Caulkins* Caulkins*
WC 1986 Costache* Otto* Friedrich* Friedrich* Strauss* Mitchell* Sirch* Gerasch* Hörner* Gressler* Meagher* Otto* Nord*
OG 1988 Otto* Otto* Friedrich* Evans* Evans* Otto* Egerszegi* Danga-lakova* Hörner* Otto* Nord* Hunger* Evans*
WC 1991 Zhuang* Haislett* Lewis* Evans* Evans* Egerszegi* Egerszegi* Frame* Volkova* Qian* Sanders* Lin* Lin*
OG 1992 Yang* Zhuang* Haislett* Hase* Evans* Egerszegi* Egerszegi* Rudkov-skaya* Iwasaki* Hong* Sanders* Lin* Egerszegi*
WC 1994 Le* Le* van Almsick* Yang* Evans* He* He* Riley* Riley* Liu* Liu* * Dai*
OG 1996 Van Dyken* Le* Poll* Smith* Bennett* Botsford* Egerszegi* Heyns* Heyns* Van Dyken* O'Neill* Smith* Smith*
WC 1998 Van Dyken* Thompson* Poll* Chen* Bennett* Loveless-Maurer* Maracineanu* Kowal* Kovács* Thompson* O'Neill* Wu* Chen*
OG 2000 de Bruijn* de Bruijn* O'Neill* Bennett* Bennett* Mocanu* Mocanu* Quann* Kovács* de Bruijn* Hyman* Klochkova* Klochkova*
WC 2001 de Bruijn* de Bruijn* Rooney* Klochkova* Stockbauer* Stockbauer* Cope* Coughlin* Mocanu* Luo* Luo* Kovács* de Bruijn* Thomas* Thomas* Bowen* Klochkova*
WC 2003 de Bruijn* Seppälä* Popchanka* Stockbauer* Stockbauer* Stockbauer* Zhivan-evskaya* Busch-schulte* Sexton* Luo* Luo* Beard* de Bruijn* Thompson* Jędrzejczak* Klochkova* Klochkova*
OG 2004 de Bruijn* Henry* Potec* Manaudou* Shibata* Coughlin* Coventry* Luo* Beard* Thomas* Jędrzejczak* Klochkova* Klochkova*
WC 2005 Lenton* Henry* Figuès* Manaudou* Ziegler* Ziegler* Rooney* Coventry* Coventry* Edmistone* Jones* Jones* Miatke* Schipper* Jędrzejczak* Hoff* Hoff*
WC 2007 Lenton* Lenton* Manaudou* Manaudou* Ziegler* Ziegler* Vaziri* Coughlin* Hoelzer* Hardy* Jones* Jones* Alshammar* Lenton* Schipper* Hoff* Hoff*
OG 2008 Steffen* Steffen* Pellegrini* Adlington* Adlington* Coughlin* Coventry* Jones* Soni* Trickett* Liu* Rice* Rice*
WC 2009 Steffen* Steffen* Pellegrini* Pellegrini* Friis* Filippi* Zhao* Spofforth* Coventry* Yefimova* Soni* Higl* Guehrer* Sjöström* Schipper* Kukors* Hosszú*
WC 2011 Alshammar* Ottesen &
Gerasimenya*
Pellegrini* Pellegrini* Adlington* Friis* Zuyeva* Zhao* Franklin* Hardy* Soni* Soni* Dekker* Vollmer* Jiao* Ye* Beisel*
OG 2012 Kromo-widjojo* Kromo-widjojo* Schmitt* Muffat* Ledecky* Franklin* Franklin* Meilutytė* Soni* Vollmer* Jiao* Ye* Ye*
WC 2013 Kromo-widjojo* C.Campbell* Franklin* Ledecky* Ledecky* Ledecky* Zhao* Franklin* Franklin* Yefimova* Meilutytė* Yefimova* Ottesen* Sjöström* Liu* Hosszú* Hosszú*
WC 2015 B.Campbell* B.Campbell* Ledecky* Ledecky* Ledecky* Ledecky* Fu* Seebohm* Seebohm* Johansson* Yefimova* Watanabe* Sjöström* Sjöström* Hoshi* Hosszú* Hosszú*
OG 2016 Blume* Manuel & Oleksiak* Ledecky* Ledecky* Ledecky* Hosszú* DiRado* King* Kaneto* Sjöström* Belmonte* Hosszú* Hosszú*
WC 2017 Sjöström* Manuel* Pellegrini* Ledecky* Ledecky* Ledecky* Medeiros* Masse* Seebohm* King* King* Yefimova* Sjöström* Sjöström* Belmonte* Hosszú* Hosszú*

Note: Only events that are presently contested have their own column in the above table. At the 1920 Olympics, a 300-meter freestyle event was held. The champion in this event has been located in the 400-meter freestyle column.

Title leaders[edit]

  • The leaders in these events are listed below. All swimmers with at least three individual titles are included. Note that this list favors more recent swimmers due to the increasing number of events held, and the introduction and increasing frequency of the World Championships.

Asterisks (*) and bold denote active swimmers

Rank Name Year
of birth
Total
titles
Olympic
Games
World
Championships
Time span
1. United States Katie Ledecky* 1997 15 4 11 2012–2019 (8)
2. Hungary Katinka Hosszú* 1989 12 3 9 2009–2019 (11)
3. Netherlands Inge de Bruijn 1973 9 4 5 2000–2004 (5)
Sweden Sarah Sjöström* 1993 9 1 8 2009–2019 (11)
5. Ukraine Yana Klochkova 1982 8 4 4 2000–2004 (5)
6. Hungary Krisztina Egerszegi 1974 7 5 2 1988–1996 (9)
United States Janet Evans 1971 7 4 3 1988–1994 (7)
East Germany Kristin Otto 1966 7 4 3 1982–1988 (7)
East Germany Kornelia Ender 1958 7 3 4 1973–1976 (4)
Italy Federica Pellegrini* 1988 7 1 6 2008–2019 (12)
11. United States Missy Franklin 1995 6 2 4 2011–2013 (3)
Russia Yuliya Yefimova* 1992 6 0 6 2009–2019 (11)
13. United States Tracy Caulkins 1963 5 2 3 1978–1984 (7)
Zimbabwe Kirsty Coventry 1983 5 2 3 2004–2009 (6)
United States Rebecca Soni 1987 5 2 3 2008–2012 (5)
China Luo Xuejuan 1984 5 1 4 2001–2004 (4)
Australia Leisel Jones 1985 5 1 4 2005–2008 (4)
Australia Libby Trickett (Lenton) 1985 5 1 4 2005–2008 (4)
United States Lilly King* 1997 5 1 4 2016–2019 (4)
Germany Hannah Stockbauer 1982 5 0 5 2001–2003 (3)
21. United States Brooke Bennett 1980 4 3 1 1996–2000 (5)
East Germany Ulrike Richter 1959 4 2 2 1973–1976 (4)
United States Mary T. Meagher 1964 4 2 2 1982–1986 (5)
United States Natalie Coughlin* 1982 4 2 2 2001–2008 (8)
Germany Britta Steffen 1983 4 2 2 2008–2009 (2)
United States Simone Manuel* 1996 4 1 3 2016–2019 (4)
France Laure Manaudou 1986 4 1 3 2004–2007 (4)
United States Katie Hoff 1989 4 0 4 2005–2007 (3)
United States Kate Ziegler 1988 4 0 4 2005–2007 (3)
30. Australia Dawn Fraser 1937 3 3 1956–1964 (9)
United States Debbie Meyer 1952 3 3 1968 (1)
Australia Shane Gould 1956 3 3 0 1972 (1)
Republic of Ireland Michelle Smith 1969 3 3 0 1996 (1)
United States Melissa Belote 1956 3 2 1 1972–1973 (2)
East Germany Barbara Krause 1959 3 2 1 1978–1980 (3)
United States Amy Van Dyken 1973 3 2 1 1996–1998 (3)
Australia Susie O'Neill 1973 3 2 1 1996–2000 (5)
Romania Diana Mocanu 1984 3 2 1 2000–2001 (2)
United Kingdom Rebecca Adlington 1989 3 2 1 2008–2011 (4)
Netherlands Ranomi Kromowidjojo* 1990 3 2 1 2012–2013 (2)
East Germany Hannelore Anke 1957 3 1 2 1975–1976 (2)
East Germany Petra Schneider 1963 3 1 2 1980–1982 (3)
East Germany Heike Friedrich 1970 3 1 2 1986–1988 (3)
China Lin Li 1970 3 1 2 1991–1992 (2)
Hungary Ágnes Kovács 1981 3 1 2 1998–2001 (4)
Australia Petria Thomas 1975 3 1 2 2001–2004 (4)
Poland Otylia Jędrzejczak 1983 3 1 2 2003–2005 (3)
United States Jenny Thompson 1973 3 0 3 1998–2003 (6)
Australia Jessicah Schipper 1986 3 0 3 2005–2009 (5)
China Zhao Jing 1990 3 0 3 2009–2013 (5)
Australia Emily Seebohm* 1992 3 0 3 2015–2017 (3)

See also[edit]

References[edit]