List of people executed by the United States federal government

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The following is a list of people executed by the United States federal government.

Post-Furman executions[edit]

Three executions (none of them military) have occurred in the modern post-Gregg era. This list only includes those executed under federal jurisdiction. Since 1963, three people have been executed by the federal government of the United States. All were executed by lethal injection at USP Terre Haute.

Executed person Date Crime State where crime occurred
1 Timothy McVeigh June 11, 2001 Murder of eight federal law enforcement officers through the 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building. Oklahoma
2 Juan Raul Garza June 19, 2001 Murder of Thomas Albert Rumbo, ordering the murders of Gilberto Matos, Erasmo De La Fuente, Antonio Nieto, Bernabe Sosa, Diana Flores Villareal, Oscar Cantu, and Fernando Escobar Garcia in conjunction with a drug-smuggling ring Texas
3 Louis Jones, Jr. March 18, 2003 Rape and murder of Pvt. Tracie McBride, USA Texas

Earlier non-military executions[edit]

From 1790 to 1963, there were 340 Federal, 271 Territorial and 40 Indian Tribunal executions according to the most complete records.[1] One of those was the execution of James Arcene on June 18, 1885, at the age of 23 for his role in a robbery and murder committed when he was 10 years old.

Twenty-six federal (including military) executions have been carried out since 1950.[2][3] Between 1950 and 1963, 13 people were executed (not counting those executed under military law):[2][3]

Executed person Method of execution Offense Date of Execution Location Note
James Alderman hanging murder on the high seas August 17, 1929 Broward County Jail, Fort Lauderdale, Florida Killed two US coastguardsmen and a Secret Service agent.
Carl Panzram hanging murder September 5, 1930 United States Penitentiary (USP), Leavenworth, Kansas Killed a Federal Penitentiary employee. Linked to 4 other murders; claimed to have killed 22 people.
George Barrett hanging murder March 24, 1936 Marion County Jail, Indiana The first person to receive the death penalty by hanging under a congressional act that made it a capital offense to kill a federal agent.[4]
Arthur Gooch hanging kidnapping June 19, 1936 Oklahoma State Penitentiary, McAlester, Oklahoma Only person ever executed under the federal Lindbergh kidnapping law.
Earl Gardner hanging murder July 12, 1936 Gila County Jail, Arizona
Anthony Chebatoris hanging attempted bank robbery and murder July 8, 1938 Federal Correctional Institution (FCI), Milan, Michigan
Henry Seadlund electrocution kidnapping July 14, 1938 Cook County Jail, Illinois
Robert Suhay hanging murder August 12, 1938 United States Penitentiary (USP), Leavenworth, Kansas
Glenn Applegate hanging murder August 12, 1938 United States Penitentiary (USP), Leavenworth, Kansas
James Dalhover electrocution bank robbery and murder November 18, 1938 Indiana State Prison, Michigan City, Indiana

Nelson Charles

hanging murder November 10, 1939 Federal Jail, Juneau, Alaska
Herbert Hans Haupt,
Heinrich Heinck,
Edward Kerling,
Herman Neubauer,
Richard Quirin,
Werner Thiel
electrocution espionage and attempted sabotage August 8, 1942 D.C. Jail, Washington, D.C. Tried on July 8, 1942, by a military commission appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt for their role in Operation Pastorius during World War II.
Clyde Arwood electrocution murder August 14, 1943 Tennessee State Prison, Nashville, Tennessee
Henry Ruhl gas inhalation murder on a government reservation April 27, 1945 Wyoming State Penitentiary, Rawlins, Wyoming
Austin Nelson hanging murder March 1, 1948 Federal Jail, Juneau, Alaska
David Joseph Watson electrocution murder on the high seas September 15, 1948 Florida State Prison, near Raiford, Florida
Samuel Richard Shockley gas inhalation murder December 3, 1948 California State Penitentiary, San Quentin, California
Miran Edgar Thompson gas inhalation murder December 3, 1948 California State Penitentiary, San Quentin, California
Carlos Romero Ochoa gas inhalation murder December 10, 1948 California State Penitentiary, San Quentin, California
Eugene LaMoore hanging murder April 14, 1950 Federal Jail, Juneau, Alaska
Fred Pritchertt electrocution murder February 15, 1952 Washington, D.C.
William Tyler Jr. electrocution murder July 25, 1952 Washington, D.C.
Albert Allen electrocution murder and robbery March 20, 1953 Washington, D.C.
Julius Rosenberg electrocution espionage June 19, 1953 New York State Prison, Sing Sing, Ossining, New York
Ethel Rosenberg electrocution espionage June 19, 1953 New York State Prison, Sing Sing, Ossining, New York
Carl Austin Hall gas inhalation kidnapping and murder December 18, 1953 Missouri State Penitentiary, Jefferson City, Missouri
Bonnie Brown Heady gas inhalation murder December 18, 1953 Missouri State Penitentiary, Jefferson City, Missouri
Gerhard Puff electrocution murder August 12, 1954 New York State Prison, Sing Sing, Ossining, New York
Arthur Ross Brown gas inhalation kidnapping February 24, 1956 Missouri State Penitentiary, Jefferson City, Missouri
Robert Carter electrocution murder April 26, 1957 Washington, D.C. Convicted of robbery and murder of an off-duty Washington D.C. police officer who attempted to apprehend Carter after the robbery.
George Krull electrocution kidnapping and rape August 21, 1957 Georgia State Prison, Reidsville, Georgia
Michael Krull electrocution kidnapping and rape August 21, 1957 Georgia State Prison, Reidsville, Georgia
Victor Feguer hanging kidnapping and murder March 15, 1963 Iowa State Penitentiary, Fort Madison, Iowa

Military executions[edit]

The United States military has executed 135 people since 1916. The most recent person to be executed by the military is U.S. Army Private John A. Bennett, executed on April 13, 1961 for rape and attempted murder. Since the end of the Civil War in 1865, only one person has been executed for a purely military offense: Private Eddie Slovik, who was executed on January 31, 1945 after being convicted of desertion.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 340 Federal, 271 Territorial and 40 Indian Tribunal Executions 1790 to 1963 Archived 2003-04-13 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved on 20 October 2008.
  2. ^ a b Federal Executions 1927–2003. Death Penalty Information Center. Retrieved on 16 October 2008.
  3. ^ a b The Federal Death Penalty. Death Row Speaks. Retrieved on 20 October 2008.
  4. ^ Barrett's Execution. George W. Barrett (-1936). Retrieved on 12 November 2008.