Industrial processes

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Steelworks of Italy in 1958, photo by Paolo Monti

Industrial processes are procedures involving chemical, physical, electrical or mechanical steps to aid in the manufacturing of an item or items, usually carried out on a very large scale. Industrial processes are the key components of heavy industry.

Chemical processes[edit]

  • Smelting – extracting metals from ores
  • Haber process – chemically binding gaseous nitrogen from the atmosphere to make ammonia
  • Disinfection – chemical treatment to kill bacteria and viruses
  • Pyroprocessing – using heat to chemically combine materials, such as in cement.

Electrolysis[edit]

The availability of electricity and its effect on materials gave rise to several processes for plating or separating metals.

Cutting[edit]

Metalworking[edit]

Moulding[edit]

The physical shaping of materials by forming their liquid form using a mould.

Separation[edit]

Many materials exist in an impure form, purification, or separation provides a usable product.

Distillation[edit]

Distillation is the purification of volatile substances by evaporation and condensation

Additive manufacturing[edit]

In additive manufacturing, material is progressively added to the piece until the desired shape and size are obtained.

Petroleum and organic compounds[edit]

The nature of an organic molecule means it can be transformed at the molecular level to create a range of products.

Others[edit]

Organized by product:

A list by process:

See also[edit]