List of infectious diseases

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Infectious diseases arranged by name.

There are 217 entries in this list, though some entries such as 'Common cold' include a number of distinct pathogens.

Disease Source of Disease
Acinetobacter infections Acinetobacter baumannii
Actinomycosis Actinomyces israelii, Actinomyces gerencseriae and Propionibacterium propionicus
African sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis) Trypanosoma brucei
AIDS (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus)
Amebiasis Entamoeba histolytica
Anaplasmosis Anaplasma species
Angiostrongyliasis Angiostrongylus
Anisakiasis Anisakis
Anthrax Bacillus anthracis
Arcanobacterium haemolyticum infection Arcanobacterium haemolyticum
Argentine hemorrhagic fever Junin virus
Ascariasis Ascaris lumbricoides
Aspergillosis Aspergillus species
Astrovirus infection Astroviridae family
Babesiosis Babesia species
Bacillus cereus infection Bacillus cereus
Bacterial pneumonia multiple bacteria
Bacterial vaginosis List of bacterial vaginosis microbiota
Bacteroides infection Bacteroides species
Balantidiasis Balantidium coli
Bartonellosis Bartonella
Baylisascaris infection Baylisascaris species
BK virus infection BK virus
Black piedra Piedraia hortae
Blastocystosis Blastocystis species
Blastomycosis Blastomyces dermatitidis
Bolivian hemorrhagic fever Machupo virus
Botulism (and Infant botulism) Clostridium botulinum; Note: Botulism is not an infection by Clostridium botulinum but caused by the intake of botulinum toxin.
Brazilian hemorrhagic fever Sabiá virus
Brucellosis Brucella species
Bubonic plague the bacterial family Enterobacteriaceae
Burkholderia infection usually Burkholderia cepacia and other Burkholderia species
Buruli ulcer Mycobacterium ulcerans
Calicivirus infection (Norovirus and Sapovirus) Caliciviridae family
Campylobacteriosis Campylobacter species
Candidiasis (Moniliasis; Thrush) usually Candida albicans and other Candida species
Capillariasis Intestinal disease by Capillaria philippinensis, hepatic disease by Capillaria hepatica and pulmonary disease by Capillaria aerophila
Carrion's disease Bartonella bacilliformis
Cat-scratch disease Bartonella henselae
Cellulitis usually Group A Streptococcus and Staphylococcus
Chagas Disease (American trypanosomiasis) Trypanosoma cruzi
Chancroid Haemophilus ducreyi
Chickenpox Varicella zoster virus (VZV)
Chikungunya Alphavirus
Chlamydia Chlamydia trachomatis
Chlamydophila pneumoniae infection (Taiwan acute respiratory agent or TWAR) Chlamydophila pneumoniae
Cholera Vibrio cholerae
Chromoblastomycosis usually Fonsecaea pedrosoi
Chytridiomycosis Batrachochytrium dendrabatidis
Clonorchiasis Clonorchis sinensis
Clostridium difficile colitis Clostridium difficile
Coccidioidomycosis Coccidioides immitis and Coccidioides posadasii
Colorado tick fever (CTF) Colorado tick fever virus (CTFV)
Common cold (Acute viral rhinopharyngitis; Acute coryza) usually rhinoviruses and coronaviruses
Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (CJD) PRNP
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus
Cryptococcosis Cryptococcus neoformans
Cryptosporidiosis Cryptosporidium species
Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) usually Ancylostoma braziliense; multiple other parasites
Cyclosporiasis Cyclospora cayetanensis
Cysticercosis Taenia solium
Cytomegalovirus infection Cytomegalovirus
Dengue fever Dengue viruses (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3 and DEN-4) – Flaviviruses
Desmodesmus infection Green algae Desmodesmus armatus
Dientamoebiasis Dientamoeba fragilis
Diphtheria Corynebacterium diphtheriae
Diphyllobothriasis Diphyllobothrium
Dracunculiasis Dracunculus medinensis
Ebola hemorrhagic fever Ebolavirus (EBOV)
Echinococcosis Echinococcus species
Ehrlichiosis Ehrlichia species
Enterobiasis (Pinworm infection) Enterobius vermicularis
Enterococcus infection Enterococcus species
Enterovirus infection Enterovirus species
Epidemic typhus Rickettsia prowazekii
Erythema infectiosum (Fifth disease) Parvovirus B19
Exanthem subitum (Sixth disease) Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) and Human herpesvirus 7 (HHV-7)
Fasciolasis Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica
Fasciolopsiasis Fasciolopsis buski
Fatal familial insomnia (FFI) PRNP
Filariasis Filarioidea superfamily
Food poisoning by Clostridium perfringens Clostridium perfringens
Free-living amebic infection multiple
Fusobacterium infection Fusobacterium species
Gas gangrene (Clostridial myonecrosis) usually Clostridium perfringens; other Clostridium species
Geotrichosis Geotrichum candidum
Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome (GSS) PRNP
Giardiasis Giardia lamblia
Glanders Burkholderia mallei
Gnathostomiasis Gnathostoma spinigerum and Gnathostoma hispidum
Gonorrhea Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Granuloma inguinale (Donovanosis) Klebsiella granulomatis
Group A streptococcal infection Streptococcus pyogenes
Group B streptococcal infection Streptococcus agalactiae
Haemophilus influenzae infection Haemophilus influenzae
Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) Enteroviruses, mainly Coxsackie A virus and Enterovirus 71 (EV71)
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) Sin Nombre virus
Heartland virus disease Heartland virus
Helicobacter pylori infection Helicobacter pylori
Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) Escherichia coli O157:H7, O111 and O104:H4
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) Bunyaviridae family
Hepatitis A Hepatitis A virus
Hepatitis B Hepatitis B virus
Hepatitis C Hepatitis C virus
Hepatitis D Hepatitis D Virus
Hepatitis E Hepatitis E virus
Herpes simplex Herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2)
Histoplasmosis Histoplasma capsulatum
Hookworm infection Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus
Human bocavirus infection Human bocavirus (HBoV)
Human ewingii ehrlichiosis Ehrlichia ewingii
Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) Anaplasma phagocytophilum
Human metapneumovirus infection Human metapneumovirus (hMPV)
Human monocytic ehrlichiosis Ehrlichia chaffeensis
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection Human papillomavirus (HPV)
Human parainfluenza virus infection Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIV)
Hymenolepiasis Hymenolepis nana and Hymenolepis diminuta
Epstein–Barr virus infectious mononucleosis (Mono) Epstein–Barr virus (EBV)
Influenza (flu) Orthomyxoviridae family
Isosporiasis Isospora belli
Kawasaki disease unknown; evidence supports that it is infectious
Keratitis multiple
Kingella kingae infection Kingella kingae
Lassa fever Lassa virus
Legionellosis (Legionnaires' disease) Legionella pneumophila
Legionellosis (Pontiac fever) Legionella pneumophila
Leishmaniasis Leishmania species
Leprosy Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis
Leptospirosis Leptospira species
Listeriosis Listeria monocytogenes
Lyme disease (Lyme borreliosis) Borrelia burgdorferi, Borrelia garinii, and Borrelia afzelii
Lymphatic filariasis (Elephantiasis) Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV)
Malaria Plasmodium species
Marburg hemorrhagic fever (MHF) Marburg virus
Measles Measles virus
Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus
Melioidosis (Whitmore's disease) Burkholderia pseudomallei
Meningitis multiple
Meningococcal disease Neisseria meningitidis
Metagonimiasis usually Metagonimus yokagawai
Microsporidiosis Microsporidia phylum
Molluscum contagiosum (MC) Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV)
Monkeypox Monkeypox virus
Mumps Mumps virus
Murine typhus (Endemic typhus) Rickettsia typhi
Mycoplasma pneumonia Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Mycetoma (disambiguation) numerous species of bacteria (Actinomycetoma) and fungi (Eumycetoma)
Myiasis parasitic dipterous fly larvae
Neonatal conjunctivitis (Ophthalmia neonatorum) most commonly Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Norovirus (children and babies) Norovirus
(New) Variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (vCJD, nvCJD) PRNP
Nocardiosis usually Nocardia asteroides and other Nocardia species
Onchocerciasis (River blindness) Onchocerca volvulus
Opisthorchiasis Opisthorchis viverrini and Opisthorchis felineus
Paracoccidioidomycosis (South American blastomycosis) Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
Paragonimiasis usually Paragonimus westermani and other Paragonimus species
Pasteurellosis Pasteurella species
Pediculosis capitis (Head lice) Pediculus humanus capitis
Pediculosis corporis (Body lice) Pediculus humanus corporis
Pediculosis pubis (Pubic lice, Crab lice) Phthirus pubis
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) multiple
Pertussis (Whooping cough) Bordetella pertussis
Plague Yersinia pestis
Pneumococcal infection Streptococcus pneumoniae
Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) Pneumocystis jirovecii
Pneumonia multiple
Poliomyelitis Poliovirus
Prevotella infection Prevotella species
Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) usually Naegleria fowleri
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy JC virus
Psittacosis Chlamydophila psittaci
Q fever Coxiella burnetii
Rabies Rabies virus
Relapsing fever Borrelia hermsii, Borrelia recurrentis, and other Borrelia species
Respiratory syncytial virus infection Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
Rhinosporidiosis Rhinosporidium seeberi
Rhinovirus infection Rhinovirus
Rickettsial infection Rickettsia species
Rickettsialpox Rickettsia akari
Rift Valley fever (RVF) Rift Valley fever virus
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) Rickettsia rickettsii
Rotavirus infection Rotavirus
Rubella Rubella virus
Salmonellosis Salmonella species
SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) SARS coronavirus
Scabies Sarcoptes scabiei
Schistosomiasis Schistosoma species
Sepsis multiple
Shigellosis (Bacillary dysentery) Shigella species
Shingles (Herpes zoster) Varicella zoster virus (VZV)
Smallpox (Variola) Variola major or Variola minor
Sporotrichosis Sporothrix schenckii
Staphylococcal food poisoning Staphylococcus species
Staphylococcal infection Staphylococcus species
Strongyloidiasis Strongyloides stercoralis
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis Measles virus
Syphilis Treponema pallidum
Taeniasis Taenia species
Tetanus (Lockjaw) Clostridium tetani
Tinea barbae (Barber's itch) usually Trichophyton species
Tinea capitis (Ringworm of the Scalp) usually Trichophyton tonsurans
Tinea corporis (Ringworm of the Body) usually Trichophyton species
Tinea cruris (Jock itch) usually Epidermophyton floccosum, Trichophyton rubrum, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes
Tinea manum (Ringworm of the Hand) Trichophyton rubrum
Tinea nigra usually Hortaea werneckii
Tinea pedis (Athlete’s foot) usually Trichophyton species
Tinea unguium (Onychomycosis) usually Trichophyton species
Tinea versicolor (Pityriasis versicolor) Malassezia species
Toxocariasis (Ocular Larva Migrans (OLM)) Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati
Toxocariasis (Visceral Larva Migrans (VLM)) Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati
Trachoma Chlamydia trachomatis
Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasma gondii
Trichinosis Trichinella spiralis
Trichomoniasis Trichomonas vaginalis
Trichuriasis (Whipworm infection) Trichuris trichiura
Tuberculosis usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Tularemia Francisella tularensis
Typhoid fever Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica, serovar typhi
Typhus fever Rickettsia
Ureaplasma urealyticum infection Ureaplasma urealyticum
Valley fever Coccidioides immitis or Coccidioides posadasii.[1]
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus
Venezuelan hemorrhagic fever Guanarito virus
Vibrio vulnificus infection Vibrio vulnificus
Vibrio parahaemolyticus enteritis Vibrio parahaemolyticus
Viral pneumonia multiple viruses
West Nile Fever West Nile virus
White piedra (Tinea blanca) Trichosporon beigelii
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis infection Yersinia pseudotuberculosis
Yersiniosis Yersinia enterocolitica
Yellow fever Yellow fever virus
Zygomycosis Mucorales order (Mucormycosis) and Entomophthorales order (Entomophthoramycosis)


  1. ^ Walsh TJ, Dixon DM (1996). Baron S, et al., eds. Spectrum of Mycoses. In: Baron's Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). Univ of Texas Medical Branch. ISBN 0-9631172-1-1. (via NCBI Bookshelf). 

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