List of infectious diseases

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This is a list of infectious diseases arranged by name, along with the infectious agents that cause them and the vaccines that can prevent or cure them when they exist.


Infectious agent Common name Vaccine(s)
Acinetobacter baumannii Acinetobacter infections No
Actinomyces israelii, Actinomyces gerencseriae and Propionibacterium propionicus Actinomycosis No
Adenoviridae Adenovirus infection Under research[1]
Trypanosoma brucei African sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis) Under research[2]
HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) Under research[3]
Entamoeba histolytica Amoebiasis No
Anaplasma species Anaplasmosis No
Angiostrongylus Angiostrongyliasis No
Anisakis Anisakiasis No
Bacillus anthracis Anthrax Yes
Arcanobacterium haemolyticum Arcanobacterium haemolyticum infection No
Junin virus Argentine hemorrhagic fever Yes[4]
Ascaris lumbricoides Ascariasis No
Aspergillus species Aspergillosis No
Astroviridae species Astrovirus infection No
Babesia species Babesiosis No
Bacillus cereus Bacillus cereus infection No
multiple bacteria Bacterial meningitis No
multiple bacteria Bacterial pneumonia No
List of bacterial vaginosis microbiota Bacterial vaginosis No
Bacteroides species Bacteroides infection No
Balantidium coli Balantidiasis No
Bartonella Bartonellosis No
Baylisascaris species Baylisascaris infection No
BK virus BK virus infection No
Piedraia hortae Black piedra No
Blastocystis species Blastocystosis No
Blastomyces dermatitidis Blastomycosis No
Machupo virus Bolivian hemorrhagic fever No
Clostridium botulinum; Note: Botulism is not an infection by Clostridium botulinum but caused by the intake of botulinum toxin. Botulism (and Infant botulism) No
Sabiá virus Brazilian hemorrhagic fever No
Brucella species Brucellosis Yes[5]
Yersinia pestis Bubonic plague Under research[6]
usually Burkholderia cepacia and other Burkholderia species Burkholderia infection No
Mycobacterium ulcerans Buruli ulcer No
Caliciviridae species Calicivirus infection (Norovirus and Sapovirus) No
Campylobacter species Campylobacteriosis No
usually Candida albicans and other Candida species Candidiasis (Moniliasis; Thrush) No
Intestinal disease by Capillaria philippinensis, hepatic disease by Capillaria hepatica and pulmonary disease by Capillaria aerophila Capillariasis No
Streptococcus mutans Dental caries Under research[7]
Bartonella bacilliformis Carrion's disease No
Bartonella henselae Cat-scratch disease No
usually Group A Streptococcus and Staphylococcus Cellulitis No
Trypanosoma cruzi Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis) Under research[8]
Haemophilus ducreyi Chancroid No
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) Chickenpox Yes
Alphavirus Chikungunya Under research[9]
Chlamydia trachomatis Chlamydia No
Chlamydophila pneumoniae Chlamydophila pneumoniae infection (Taiwan acute respiratory agent or TWAR) No
Vibrio cholerae Cholera Yes
usually Fonsecaea pedrosoi Chromoblastomycosis No
Batrachochytrium dendrabatidis Chytridiomycosis No
Clonorchis sinensis Clonorchiasis No
Clostridium difficile Clostridium difficile colitis No
Coccidioides immitis and Coccidioides posadasii Coccidioidomycosis No
Colorado tick fever virus (CTFV) Colorado tick fever (CTF) No
usually rhinoviruses and coronaviruses Common cold (Acute viral rhinopharyngitis; Acute coryza) No
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Yes
Coxsackie B virus Coxsackie B virus infection Under research[10]
PRNP Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (CJD) No
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) No
Cryptococcus neoformans Cryptococcosis No
Cryptosporidium species Cryptosporidiosis No
usually Ancylostoma braziliense; multiple other parasites Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) No
Cyclospora cayetanensis Cyclosporiasis No
Taenia solium Cysticercosis No
Cytomegalovirus Cytomegalovirus infection Under research[11]
Dengue viruses (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3 and DEN-4) – Flaviviruses Dengue fever Yes
Green algae Desmodesmus armatus Desmodesmus infection No
Dientamoeba fragilis Dientamoebiasis No
Corynebacterium diphtheriae Diphtheria Yes
Diphyllobothrium Diphyllobothriasis No
Dracunculus medinensis Dracunculiasis No
Eastern equine encephalitis virus Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) Under research[12]
Ebolavirus (EBOV) Ebola hemorrhagic fever Yes
Echinococcus species Echinococcosis No
Ehrlichia species Ehrlichiosis Under research[13]
Enterobius vermicularis Enterobiasis (Pinworm infection) No
Enterococcus species Enterococcus infection No
Enterovirus species Enterovirus infection No
Rickettsia prowazekii Epidemic typhus No
Parvovirus B19 Erythema infectiosum (Fifth disease) No
Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) and human herpesvirus 7 (HHV-7) Exanthem subitum (Sixth disease) No
Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica Fasciolasis No
Fasciolopsis buski Fasciolopsiasis No
PRNP Fatal familial insomnia (FFI) No
Filarioidea superfamily Filariasis No
Clostridium perfringens Food poisoning by Clostridium perfringens No
multiple Free-living amebic infection No
Fusobacterium species Fusobacterium infection No
usually Clostridium perfringens; other Clostridium species Gas gangrene (Clostridial myonecrosis) No
Geotrichum candidum Geotrichosis No
PRNP Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome (GSS) No
Giardia lamblia Giardiasis No
Burkholderia mallei Glanders No
Gnathostoma spinigerum and Gnathostoma hispidum Gnathostomiasis No
Neisseria gonorrhoeae Gonorrhea Under research[14]
Klebsiella granulomatis Granuloma inguinale (Donovanosis) No
Streptococcus pyogenes Group A streptococcal infection No
Streptococcus agalactiae Group B streptococcal infection No
Haemophilus influenzae Haemophilus influenzae infection Yes
Enteroviruses, mainly Coxsackie A virus and enterovirus 71 (EV71) Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) Under research[15][16]
Sin Nombre virus Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) No
Heartland virus Heartland virus disease No
Helicobacter pylori Helicobacter pylori infection No
Escherichia coli O157:H7, O111 and O104:H4 Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) No
Bunyaviridae species Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) No
Hendra virus Hendra virus infection No
Hepatitis A virus Hepatitis A Yes
Hepatitis B virus Hepatitis B Yes
Hepatitis C virus Hepatitis C Under research[17]
Hepatitis D Virus Hepatitis D No
Hepatitis E virus Hepatitis E Yes
Herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2) Herpes simplex No
Histoplasma capsulatum Histoplasmosis No
Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus Hookworm infection Under research[18]
Human bocavirus (HBoV) Human bocavirus infection No
Ehrlichia ewingii Human ewingii ehrlichiosis No
Anaplasma phagocytophilum Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) No
Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) Human metapneumovirus infection No
Ehrlichia chaffeensis Human monocytic ehrlichiosis No
One of the human papillomaviruses Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection Yes
Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIV) Human parainfluenza virus infection Under research[19][20]
Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1) Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 infection Under research[21][22]
Hymenolepis nana and Hymenolepis diminuta Hymenolepiasis No
Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) Epstein–Barr virus infectious mononucleosis (Mono) Under research[23]
Orthomyxoviridae species Influenza (flu) Under research[24]
Isospora belli Isosporiasis No
Japanese encephalitis virus Japanese encephalitis Yes
unknown; evidence supports that it is infectious Kawasaki disease No
multiple Keratitis No
Kingella kingae Kingella kingae infection No
PRNP Kuru No
Lassa virus Lassa fever No
Legionella pneumophila Legionellosis (Legionnaires' disease) No
Legionella pneumophila Pontiac fever No
Leishmania species Leishmaniasis Under research[25]
Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis Leprosy Under research[26]
Leptospira species Leptospirosis Yes
Listeria monocytogenes Listeriosis No
Borrelia burgdorferi, Borrelia garinii, and Borrelia afzelii Lyme disease (Lyme borreliosis) Under research[27]
Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi Lymphatic filariasis (Elephantiasis) No
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) Lymphocytic choriomeningitis No
Plasmodium species Malaria Under research[28]
Marburg virus Marburg hemorrhagic fever (MHF) Under research[29]
Measles virus Measles Yes
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) Under research[30]
Burkholderia pseudomallei Melioidosis (Whitmore's disease) No
multiple Meningitis No
Neisseria meningitidis Meningococcal disease Yes
usually Metagonimus yokagawai Metagonimiasis No
Microsporidia phylum Microsporidiosis No
Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) Molluscum contagiosum (MC) No
Monkeypox virus Monkeypox No
Mumps virus Mumps Yes
Rickettsia typhi Murine typhus (Endemic typhus) No
Mycoplasma pneumoniae Mycoplasma pneumonia No
Mycoplasma genitalium Mycoplasma genitalium infection No
numerous species of bacteria (Actinomycetoma) and fungi (Eumycetoma) Mycetoma No
parasitic dipterous fly larvae Myiasis No
most commonly Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae Neonatal conjunctivitis (Ophthalmia neonatorum) No
Nipah virus Nipah virus infection Under research[31]
Norovirus Norovirus Under research[32]
PRNP (New) Variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (vCJD, nvCJD) No
usually Nocardia asteroides and other Nocardia species Nocardiosis No
Onchocerca volvulus Onchocerciasis (River blindness) Under research[33]
Opisthorchis viverrini and Opisthorchis felineus Opisthorchiasis No
Paracoccidioides brasiliensis Paracoccidioidomycosis (South American blastomycosis) No
usually Paragonimus westermani and other Paragonimus species Paragonimiasis No
Pasteurella species Pasteurellosis No
Pediculus humanus capitis Pediculosis capitis (Head lice) No
Pediculus humanus corporis Pediculosis corporis (Body lice) No
Pthirus pubis Pediculosis pubis (pubic lice, crab lice) No
multiple Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) No
Bordetella pertussis Pertussis (whooping cough) Yes
Yersinia pestis Plague Under research[34]
Streptococcus pneumoniae Pneumococcal infection Yes
Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) No
multiple Pneumonia No
Poliovirus Poliomyelitis Yes
Prevotella species Prevotella infection No
usually Naegleria fowleri Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) No
JC virus Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy No
Chlamydophila psittaci Psittacosis No
Coxiella burnetii Q fever Yes
Rabies virus Rabies Yes
Borrelia hermsii, Borrelia recurrentis, and other Borrelia species Relapsing fever No
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) Respiratory syncytial virus infection Under research[35]
Rhinosporidium seeberi Rhinosporidiosis No
Rhinovirus Rhinovirus infection No
Rickettsia species Rickettsial infection No
Rickettsia akari Rickettsialpox No
Rift Valley fever virus Rift Valley fever (RVF) No
Rickettsia rickettsii Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) No
Rotavirus Rotavirus infection Yes
Rubella virus Rubella Yes
Salmonella species Salmonellosis No
SARS coronavirus Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) Under research[36]
Sarcoptes scabiei Scabies No
Group A Streptococcus species Scarlet fever No
Schistosoma species Schistosomiasis Under research[37]
multiple Sepsis No
Shigella species Shigellosis (bacillary dysentery) No
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) Shingles (Herpes zoster) Yes[38]
Variola major or Variola minor Smallpox (variola) Yes
Sporothrix schenckii Sporotrichosis No
Staphylococcus species Staphylococcal food poisoning No
Staphylococcus species Staphylococcal infection No
Strongyloides stercoralis Strongyloidiasis No
Measles virus Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis Yes
Treponema pallidum Bejel, Syphilis, and Yaws Under research[39]
Taenia species Taeniasis No
Clostridium tetani Tetanus (lockjaw) Yes
Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) Tick-borne encephalitis Yes
usually Trichophyton species Tinea barbae (barber's itch) No
usually Trichophyton tonsurans Tinea capitis (ringworm of the scalp) No
usually Trichophyton species Tinea corporis (ringworm of the body) No
usually Epidermophyton floccosum, Trichophyton rubrum, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes Tinea cruris (Jock itch) No
Trichophyton rubrum Tinea manum (ringworm of the hand) No
usually Hortaea werneckii Tinea nigra No
usually Trichophyton species Tinea pedis (athlete’s foot) No
usually Trichophyton species Tinea unguium (onychomycosis) No
Malassezia species Tinea versicolor (Pityriasis versicolor) No
Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) Under research[40][41]
Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati Toxocariasis (ocular larva migrans (OLM)) No
Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati Toxocariasis (visceral larva migrans (VLM)) No
Toxoplasma gondii Toxoplasmosis No
Chlamydia trachomatis Trachoma No
Trichinella spiralis Trichinosis No
Trichomonas vaginalis Trichomoniasis No
Trichuris trichiura Trichuriasis (whipworm infection) No
usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis Tuberculosis Yes
Francisella tularensis Tularemia Under research[42]
Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica, serovar typhi Typhoid fever Yes
Rickettsia Typhus fever No
Ureaplasma urealyticum Ureaplasma urealyticum infection No
Coccidioides immitis or Coccidioides posadasii.[43] Valley fever No
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus Venezuelan equine encephalitis No
Guanarito virus Venezuelan hemorrhagic fever No
Vibrio vulnificus Vibrio vulnificus infection No
Vibrio parahaemolyticus Vibrio parahaemolyticus enteritis No
multiple viruses Viral pneumonia No
West Nile virus West Nile fever Under research[44]
Trichosporon beigelii White piedra (tinea blanca) No
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis Yersinia pseudotuberculosis infection No
Yersinia enterocolitica Yersiniosis No
Yellow fever virus Yellow fever Yes
Zeaspora fungus Zeaspora No
Zika virus Zika fever Under research[45]
Mucorales order (Mucormycosis) and Entomophthorales order (Entomophthoramycosis) Zygomycosis No

See also[edit]


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  5. ^ Negrón, María E.; Kharod, Grishma A.; Bower, William A.; Walke, Henry (22 February 2019). "Notes from the Field: Human Brucella abortus RB51 Infections Caused by Consumption of Unpasteurized Domestic Dairy Products — United States, 2017–2019". Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 68 (7): 185. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6807a6. PMC 6385706. PMID 30789879.
  6. ^ Titball, R. W.; Williamson, E. D. (2004). "Yersinia pestis (plague) vaccines". Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy. 4 (6): 965–973. doi:10.1517/14712598.4.6.965. PMID 15174978. S2CID 43565534.
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External links[edit]