List of international Cartoon Network channels

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The current logo of Cartoon Network, adapted in 2010–present, international markets adapted this version at various dates
The current logo of Cartoon Network, adapted in 2010–present, international markets adapted this version at various dates

Since the inception of Cartoon Network and its sister network Boomerang, Turner Broadcasting System has set up international feeds of both networks.

Cartoon Network[edit]

Background[edit]

Cartoon Network Europe, a pan-European English feed, was launched in 1993.[1] Spanish, Swedish, Danish, French, Italian, and Norwegian audio tracks were added in 1994. The network's Dutch feed was launched in 1997. Another feed launched in 1998, which aired in France, Italy and Spain. The pan-European feed kept airing in the other parts of Europe. The network's Italian feed became independent a few months later after the launch of the French channel,[citation needed] while the Spanish and French feeds were split in 1999.[2][3] A Polish feed launched a year earlier, in 1998.[4]

In 1999, the network's British feed officially split off from the pan-European version.[1] This followed after the shared transponder analogue feed on Astra 1C became scrambled with VideoCrypt and the short-lived British version of TNT was launched.[citation needed]

A Nordic feed was launched in 2000,[5] broadcasting in Swedish, Norwegian, Danish and English. This also became available in Iceland and Finland.[citation needed] The Dutch Cartoon Network closed down in 2001. It was replaced with the pan-European feed in 2001. A Dutch audio track was simultaneously added. A Russian audio track was added in 2005; Greek subtitles became available the same year.[citation needed] The Polish feed branched into separate ones for Romania and Hungary in 2002.[6] A German feed was launched on 2006.[7] A Turkish feed was added in 2008.[8]

Romania got its own feed in 2008, as part of that for Central and Eastern Europe. In 2009, the Hungarian audio track from the Polish feed was moved to this feed. Slovakia and the Czech Republic receive this feed in English.[citation needed] Bulgaria got its own version in 2009, broadcast in both Bulgarian and English.[9] The Russian audio track was simultaneously moved to this feed. The Central and Eastern Europe feed has aired the network 24 hours a day since 2014. Russia was previously the only country who received the 24-hour feed.[citation needed]

The network's Arabic feed launched in 2010.[10] This is the only EMEA-marketed feed not broadcast in English. The Spanish feed shut down in 2013, together with the Spanish Cartoonito. This market can still watch Cartoon Network on Boing,[11] The African Portuguese feed was launched in 2013 in Angola and Mozambique. It launched in Portugal in the same year.[12]

As of 2015, the ex pan-European feed still airs in the Greek part of Cyprus; it is also one of the four feeds available in the Middle East and Africa (the other ones being the Arabic, French, and Portuguese feeds). This pan-European feed broadcasts in English, while Greek subtitles are available. All other European countries have their own local feed.[citation needed]

Channels[edit]

Region(s) Launch date Language(s) Coverage and availability notes
United States October 1, 1992 English and Spanish (on SAP) From Atlanta, Georgia, United States
Middle East and North Africa September 17, 1993 (as part of Cartoon Network Europe; via subscription TV) English From London, England
October 10, 2010 (as an independent concurrent feed; via free-to-air TV) Arabic
April 1, 2016 (a Hindi channel via subscription TV) Hindi
Europe, Middle East and Africa September 17, 1993 English and Greek From London, England
South Atlantic April 30, 1993 (as part of the Latin American feed) Spanish and English (translated continuity on SAP) From Buenos Aires, Argentina
2002 (as an autonomous feed within the Latin American variant of the channel)
Australia and New Zealand October 3, 1995 English From Sydney, Australia
Brazil April 30, 1993 (as part of the Latin American feed) Brazilian Portuguese and English (translated continuity on SAP) From Atlanta, Georgia, United States
October 1996 (as an independent feed)
Canada July 4, 2012 English From Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Central and Eastern Europe September 30, 2002 Romanian, Hungarian and English From London, England
China October 2012 Mandarin From Beijing, China
Pacific April 30, 1993 (as part of the Latin American feed) Latin Spanish and English (translated continuity) From Buenos Aires, Argentina
June 1, 2015 (as an autonomous feed within the Latin American variant of the channel)
North Atlantic April 30, 1993 (as part of the Latin American feed) Latin Spanish and English (translated continuity) From Buenos Aires, Argentina
June 1, 2015 (as an autonomous feed within the Latin American variant of the channel)
France September 17, 1993 (as part of Cartoon Network Europe) French and English From London, England
August 23, 1999 (as an independent feed)
Germany September 17, 1993 (as part of Cartoon Network Europe, in English) German and English From London, England
September 3, 2005 (as an independent feed)
India May 1, 1995 Hindi, Tamil, Telugu and English From Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Israel Used to air as an official channel by the Europe wing between the years 2000-2010. The official channel was shut down in 2005 on HOT and in 2010 on YES. Returned as a programming block on Arutz HaYeladim in 2011 English, Hebrew Airs as a programming block on Arutz HaYeladim
Italy September 17, 1993 (as part of Cartoon Network Europe) Italian and English From London, England
July 31, 1996 (as an independent feed)
Japan September 1, 1997 Japanese and English From Tokyo, Japan
Latin America April 30, 1993 Spanish and English From Buenos Aires, Argentina
Mexico April 30, 1993 (as part of the Latin American feed); Spanish and English From Atlanta, Georgia, United States
1999 (as an autonomous feed within the Latin American variant of the channel)
Netherlands September 17, 1993 (as part of Cartoon Network Europe, in English) Dutch and English From London, England
July 12, 1997 (as an independent feed)
Nordic September 17, 1993 (as part of Cartoon Network Europe) Danish, Norwegian, Swedish and English From London, England
January 1, 2000 (as an independent feed)
Pakistan April 2, 2004 Hindi (Urdu) and English From Karachi, Pakistan
Philippines June 6, 1995 English From Tokyo, Japan and Beijing, China
Poland September 1, 1998 Polish and English From London, England
Portugal September 17, 1993 (as part of Cartoon Network Europe, in English) European Portuguese and English From London, England
December 3, 2013 (as an independent feed)
Russia and Southeastern Europe April 1, 2005 (as part of Cartoon Network Europe, not in Bulgarian) Bulgarian, Russian and English From London, England
October 1, 2009 (as an independent feed)
South Korea November 11, 2006 Korean From Seoul, South Korea
Southeast Asia October 6, 1994 English, Thai, Mandarin, Indonesian and Malay From Hong Kong and Beijing, China
Spain March 4, 1994 (as part of Cartoon Network Europe) Castilian Spanish and English From London, England
August 23, 1999 (as an independent feed)
July 1, 2013 (as part of Boing)
Taiwan January 1, 1995 Mandarin and English From Hong Kong and Beijing, China
Turkey January 28, 2008 Turkish and English From London, England
United Kingdom, Ireland and Malta September 17, 1993 English From London, England
Vietnam April 2014 Vietnamese and English From Hong Kong and Hanoi, Vietnam

Boomerang[edit]

Region(s) Launch date Language(s) Coverage and availability notes
United States December 8, 1992 (block on Cartoon Network); 1 April 2000 (channel) English (Spanish with SAP ) From Atlanta, Georgia, United States
Australia and New Zealand April 2001 (block on Cartoon Network Australia and New Zealand); March 2004 (channel) English From Sydney, Australia
Central and Eastern Europe 5 June 2005 English, Polish, Romanian, Hungarian, Russian and sometimes Bulgarian as well From London, England
Europe, Middle East and Africa 5 June 2005 English, Turkish, Arabic and Greek From London, England
Pakistan 2018 English From Beijing, China
France 23 April 2003 French and English From London, England
Germany 1 June 2006 German and English From London, England
Italy 31 July 2003 Italian and English From London, England
Latin America 8 November 1998 (block); 2 July 2001 (channel) Spanish, English and Brazilian Portuguese From Atlanta, Georgia, United States
Netherlands 10 October 2005 Dutch From London, England
Nordic 1 April 2008 English, Danish, Norwegian and Swedish From London, England
Portugal 21 April 2015 Portuguese and English From London, England
South Korea 14 November 2015 Korean From Seoul, South Korea
Southeast Asia 5 September 2005; 1 January 2015 (Relaunch) English From Beijing, China
Thailand 14 August 2013 (as part of Boomerang SEA) Thai From Beijing, China
Turkey 23 April 2016 (as part of Boomerang EMEA) Turkish From London, England
United Kingdom and Ireland 27 May 2000 English From London, England

Boing[edit]

Region(s) Launch date Language Coverage and availability notes
Italy 20 November 2004 Italian Italian channel
Africa 30 May 2015 English African channel
Spain 1 September 2010 Spanish Spanish channel
France 8 April 2010 French French channel
Pakistan 2019 English Pakistani channel

Cartoonito[edit]

Region(s) Launch date End date Language Coverage and availability notes
Middle East and North Africa 4 September 2011 (block on Cartoon Network Arabia) 2014 Arabic from London, England
United Kingdom 4 September 2006 (Cartoon Network Too block), 24 May 2007 (channel) English Serves the purpose of Cartoon Network Too; from London, England
Italy 22 August 2011 Italian from London, England
Pakistan 2017 English from London, England

Toonami[edit]

Region(s) Launch date Language Coverage and availability notes
France 11 February 2016 French from London, England
India 26 February 2015 Hindi, Tamil, Telugu and English From Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Asia 1 December 2012 English, Thai, Mandarin, Vietnamese, Indonesian and Malay From Hong Kong and Beijing, China
Pakistan 2018 English From Hong Kong and Beijing, China
Africa[13] 1 June 2017 English From London, England

Other channels[edit]

Channel name Launch date End date Coverage and availability notes
Cartoon Network +1 20 June 1999, Present Replaced by Cartoon Network Too and subsequently Cartoonito and TCM 2 until the latter block closed; from London, England
Cartoon Network Too 24 April 2006 1 April 2014 British channel merged with Toonami (UK & Ireland), from London, England, and replaced by Cartoon Network +1
Cartoon Network Arabic +2 30 June 2014 1 January 2016 Timeshift channel
Tooncast 1 December 2008 Present Latin American channel
CNX 14 October 2002 7 September 2003 Replaced by Toonami (Asia); from London, England
Pogo 1 January 2004 Present Indian channel; available as a block in Pakistan

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Chalaby, Jean K. (2009). Transnational Television in Europe: Reconfiguring Global Communications Networks. I. B. Tauris. p. 121. ISBN 0857717472 – via Google Books. 
  2. ^ Higgins, Kevin T. (Winter 1999). "Programmed for Success". Marketing Management. American Marketing Association. 8 (18): 12–15. ISSN 1061-3846 – via EBSCO Information Services. 
  3. ^ "Belgian Digital Gets a Kickstart". European Media Business & Finance. Phillips Business Information Corporation. 9 (2). 25 January 1999. OCLC 60621194 – via ProQuest. 
  4. ^ "Cartoon Net UK Courts Kids". European Media Business & Finance. Phillips Business Information Corporation. 8 (18). 7 September 1998. OCLC 60621194 – via ProQuest. 
  5. ^ Edmunds, Marlene (6 September 1999). "Danes Pick Cable Faves". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. 376 (3): 30 – via EBSCO Information Services. 
  6. ^ Fry, Andy (December 2002). "Child's Play". Cable & Satellite Europe. Informa Telecoms and Media Group (229). OCLC 60616964 – via ProQuest. 
  7. ^ Verjee, Neelam; Bolger, Joe (28 February 2006). "Need to Know". The Times. News UK: 42 – via EBSCO Information Services. 
  8. ^ "Time Warner, Inc.". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2015. In January 2008, Turner, along with a local partner, launched Cartoon Network Turkey ... 
  9. ^ "Cartoon Network Launches Bulgarian Language Broadcast". Novinite. Sofia News Agency. 4 September 2009. Retrieved 3 October 2015. 
  10. ^ Williams, Sean (10 October 2010). "Cartoon Network Arabic launches". Digital Production Middle East. ITP Business Publishing. Retrieved 3 October 2015. 
  11. ^ Dickson, Jeremy (17 July 2013). "Cartoon Network shuts down pay-TV channels in Spain". Kidscreen. Brunico Communications. Retrieved 3 October 2015. 
  12. ^ Rusak, Gary (30 September 2013). "Cartoon Network heads to Angola and Mozambique". Kidscreen. Brunico Communications. Retrieved 3 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Toonami Africa Channel Launched Today". RegularCapital. 1 June 2017. 

External links[edit]