List of international rugby union teams

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The following is a list of international rugby union teams:

Multinational teams[edit]

Combination sides[edit]

  • There is also a West Indies side, which first toured when the Caribbean Rugby Union sent a team (managed by Gavin Clark) to tour England in 1976. Their last tour was also to England in October and November 2000.
  • The Commonwealth of Independent States also played during the early 1990s.
  • World XV sides have also been fielded multiple times times since 1977.

Invitation sides[edit]

Other invitational sides past and present include:

National teams – tier classification[edit]

The sport's international governing body, World Rugby (formerly the International Rugby Board), organises its member unions into three tiers.[1] All Tier 1 and 2 nations have competed in the Rugby World Cup (RWC), the exceptions being tier 3 Zimbabwe and Ivory Coast.

Tier 1[edit]

Nation Rank range
(best–worst)
Competition
 Argentina 3–12 Rugby Championship
 Australia 2–7 Rugby Championship
 England 1–8 Six Nations
 France 2–10 Six Nations
 Ireland 1–9 Six Nations
 Italy 8–15 Six Nations
 Japan 6–20 none
 New Zealand 1–3 Rugby Championship
 Scotland 5–12 Six Nations
 South Africa 1–7 Rugby Championship
 Wales 1–10 Six Nations

Tier 2[edit]

European
countries
North-South American
countries
African
countries
Oceanian
countries
 Georgia
 Portugal
 Romania
 Russia
 Spain
 Canada[2]
 United States[2]
 Uruguay[3]
 Namibia  Fiji
 Samoa
 Tonga

Tier 3[edit]

Development One[edit]

European
countries
North-South American
countries
African
countries
Asian
countries
 Belgium
 Germany
 Netherlands
 Brazil[3]
 Chile[3]
 Ivory Coast (played in 1995 World Cup)
 Kenya
 Zimbabwe (played in 1987 & 1991 World Cup)
 Hong Kong
 Malaysia
 South Korea

Development Two[edit]

European
countries
North-South American
countries
African
countries
Asian
countries
Oceanian
countries
 Andorra
 Austria
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Bulgaria
 Croatia
 Cyprus
 Czech Republic
 Denmark
 Finland
 Hungary
 Israel
 Latvia
 Lithuania
 Luxembourg
 Malta
 Moldova
 Monaco
 Norway
 Poland
 Serbia
 Slovakia
 Slovenia
 Sweden
  Switzerland
 Turkey
 Ukraine
 Bahamas[2]
 Barbados[2]
 Bermuda[2]
 British Virgin Islands[2]
 Cayman Islands[2]
 Colombia[3]
 Costa Rica[3]
 Guatemala[3]
 Guyana[2]
 Jamaica[2]
 Mexico[2]
 Panama[3]
 Paraguay[3]
 Peru[3]
 Saint Lucia[2]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[2]
 Trinidad and Tobago[2]
 Venezuela[3]
 Algeria
 Botswana
 Burundi
 Burkina Faso
 Cameroon
 Eswatini
 Ghana
 Madagascar
 Mali
 Mauritius
 Morocco
 Nigeria
 Rwanda
 Senegal
 Tanzania
 Togo
 Tunisia
 Uganda
 Zambia
 China
 Chinese Taipei
 Guam
 India
 Indonesia
 Iran
 Jordan
 Kazakhstan
 Kyrgyzstan
 Laos
 Lebanon
 Mongolia
   Nepal
 Pakistan
 Philippines
 Qatar
 Singapore
 Sri Lanka
 Thailand
 United Arab Emirates
 Uzbekistan
 American Samoa
 Cook Islands
 Niue
 Papua New Guinea
 Solomon Islands
 Tahiti
 Vanuatu

National teams – band classification[edit]

Starting in 2008, in addition to the existing tier system, the IRB introduced a four-band system of classification in which unions and, by extension, teams are classified based on "their development status and record on the international stage". The new structure is:[4]

High performance[edit]

All countries previously in Tiers 1 and 2.

Development One[edit]

These are countries earmarked for increased developmental funding and include

Targeted[edit]

Again, the IRB did not release a list of unions in this category, but named several as being in this band:

Developmental[edit]

European
countries
North-South American
countries
African
countries
Asian
countries
Oceanian
countries
 Andorra
 Austria
 Belgium
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Bulgaria
 Croatia
 Cyprus
 Czech Republic
 Denmark
 Finland
 Hungary
 Israel
 Latvia
 Lithuania
 Luxembourg
 Malta
 Moldova
 Monaco
 Netherlands
 Norway
 Poland
 Serbia
 Slovakia
 Slovenia
 Sweden
  Switzerland
 Turkey
 Ukraine
 Bahamas[2]
 Barbados[2]
 Bermuda[2]
 British Virgin Islands[2]
 Cayman Islands[2]
 Colombia[3]
 Costa Rica[3]
 Guatemala[3]
 Guyana[2]
 Jamaica[2]
 Panama[3]
 Paraguay[3]
 Peru[3]
 Saint Lucia[2]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[2]
 Trinidad and Tobago[2]
 Venezuela[3]
 Algeria
 Botswana
 Burundi
 Burkina Faso
 Cameroon
 Ivory Coast
 Eswatini
 Ghana
 Kenya
 Madagascar
 Mali
 Mauritius
 Morocco
 Nigeria
 Rwanda
 Senegal
 Tanzania
 Togo
 Tunisia
 Uganda
 Zambia
 Zimbabwe
 Chinese Taipei
 Guam
 India
 Indonesia
 Iran
 Jordan
 Kazakhstan
 Kyrgyzstan
 Laos
 Lebanon
 Malaysia
 Mongolia
   Nepal
 Pakistan
 Philippines
 Qatar
 Singapore
 South Korea
 Thailand
 United Arab Emirates
 Uzbekistan
 American Samoa
 Cook Islands
 Niue
 Papua New Guinea
 Solomon Islands
 Tahiti
 Vanuatu

Other teams[edit]

Rugby Africa teams not affiliated to World Rugby

Asia Rugby teams not affiliated to World Rugby

Rugby Europe teams not affiliated to World Rugby

Rugby Americas North teams not affiliated to World Rugby

Oceania Rugby teams not affiliated to World Rugby

Sudamerica Rugby teams not affiliated to World Rugby

Teams with affiliation suspended or without affiliation

Defunct national sides[edit]

Various national sides have ceased to exist for political reasons. In the case of the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, there is more than one successor team. In the case of Catalonia, the Spanish Civil War and Franco's crackdown put an end to it, and in the case of East and West Germany, reunification led to their amalgamation into a single German side.

* For more information on these teams see above.

Women's rugby[edit]

Defunct women's national sides[edit]

Invitation sides[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "IRB Strategic Plan" (PDF). International Rugby Board. 2014. Archived from the original (PDF 0.3 MB) on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Rugby Americas North Member
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Sudamérica Rugby Member
  4. ^ "IRB announces increased funding for the game" (Press release). International Rugby Board. 25 January 2008. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2008.