List of introduced fish in Australia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Due to its geographical situation and isolation Australia has distinct fish fauna, including many endemic species. From the 18th century, early colonisers began introducing a number of exotic species including mammals, plant, birds and fish. The introduction of the fish has led to serious ecological damage, most notable being the effect of common carp in the Murray-Darling Basin. Introduced carp now dominate the freshwater systems of southern Australia. While the damaging impact of carp is well recognised, little in the way of control measures have been employed to control their spread. Their ability to colonise almost any body of water, even those previously considered to be beyond their physical tolerances, is now well established. Control of exotic fish species is being undertaken by various government departments, though many problems are faced.

A male convict cichlid caught on a hook and line, in the heated outflow of a coal powerplant in Victoria, Australia.

Introduced trout species dominate the upland reaches of rivers in south-east Australian, and may have negative effects on upland native fish like the mountain galaxias species, Macquarie perch and the unfortunately named trout cod, but due to their popularity as sportsfish, lack of historical records, and loss of angling memories, their damaging effects are not widely understood.

All recently established exotic fish in Australia stem from the illegal release of aquarium fish species. With the continued and largely uncontrolled importation of many high risk fish species for the aquarium industry, Australia continues to be at risk of further invasions of exotic fish

List of introduced fish[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Allen, Gerald R. (1989). Freshwater Fishes of Australia. T.F.H. Publications Inc. p. 214. ISBN 0-86622-936-1. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Overview of the Impacts of Introduced Salmonids on Australian Native Fauna". Archived from the original on 2007-09-13. Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  3. ^ "Save the Murray". Archived from the original on 2007-07-31. Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  4. ^ Koehn, JD; MacKenzie, RF (2004). "Priority management actions for alien freshwater fish species in Australia". New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. 38 (3): 457–472. doi:10.1080/00288330.2004.9517253. 
  5. ^ "The convict cichlid Amatitlania nigrofasciata (Cichlidae): first record of this non-native species in Western Australian waterbodies | Western Australian Museum". Western Australian Museum. Retrieved 2016-03-29. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Australian Society for Fish Biology". Archived from the original on 2007-04-08. Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  7. ^ "Eastern Gambusia". Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  8. ^ "Goldfish". Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  9. ^ "Jack Dempsey pest fish out for the count". Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  10. ^ a b "Tilapia". Archived from the original on 2007-05-28. Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  11. ^ "Redfin perch". Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  12. ^ "Roach". Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  13. ^ "Rosy barb". Archived from the original on 2007-08-29. Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  14. ^ "Speckled mosquitofish". Archived from the original on 2007-06-04. Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  15. ^ "Tench". Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  16. ^ "Chinese weatherfish or weatherloach". Archived from the original on 2007-08-29. Retrieved 2007-07-03.