List of introduced mammal species

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This list of introduced mammal species includes all the species of mammal introduced to an area without regard to that territory being or not being their native area of occupation or the success of that re-introduction or introduction to the area. This practice has been harmful in many areas, although some introductions are made with the aim of preserving mammal species. Following the name of the mammal, a brief description of where they were introduced is included.

(× means it has negative impact to their new environment)

(+ means it has positive impact to their new environment)

(? means it is unknown if it has negative impact to their new environment or not)

Marsupials[edit]

Horses[edit]

  • Feral horse successfully introduced to + USA, × Australia, × New Zealand, ? Africa, British isles[3], Central America, and South America
  • Feral donkey successfully introduced to × Australia, ? Africa, + USA, Cyprus [4], New Zealand, Central America, Sri Lanka, Oceania
  • Plains zebra successfully introduced to + USA

Rhinos[edit]

Antelopes[edit]

Pigs[edit]

  • Wild boar successfully introduced to ? USA, × Hawaii, × Australia, ? Africa, ? South America, New Zealand, Central America, Asia [11], and Oceania

Cattle and other bovines[edit]

  • Banteng successfully introduced to ? Australia
  • Domestic cattle successfully introduced to ? worldwide
  • Zebu successfully introduced to ? Africa - considered to be a breed of domestic cattle
  • Water buffalo successfully introduced to × Australia, Brazil, and Oceania
  • Bison bison (American bison) successfully introduced to California [12]
  • Bison bonasus (European bison) successfully reintroduced to Europe
  • Ovibos moschatus (Greenland muskox) successfully introduced to Scandinavia and Russia

Camels[edit]

  • Dromedary camel successfully introduced to + Europe (no wild population exists), + Asia (all wild populations exist within the natural range), and × Australia, and unsuccessfully introduced to USA due to the Civil War
  • Bactrian camel successfully introduced to + Europe (no wild population exists)

Sheep and Goats[edit]

  • Feral sheep successfully introduced to ? USA, New Zealand, Tibet [13], and Oceania
  • Feral goat/Wild goat successfully introduced to × Australia, × New Zealand, × Hawaii, ? Africa, ? North America, British isles [14], South America, Europe, Asia [15], and Oceania
  • Himalayan tahr successfully introduced to ? USA, ? South America, New Zealand, and Africa
  • Mouflon successfully introduced to ? USA, + mainland Europe, ? South America (on private estates), × Hawaii, and Canary Islands [16]
  • Barbary sheep successfully introduced to ? New Mexico, ? Europe, Mexico, and Canary Islands[17]
  • Chamois successfully introduced to × New Zealand

Hippos[edit]

Deer[edit]

Mongooses and relatives[edit]

Cats[edit]

  • Feral cat successfully introduced to ? worldwide, including × New Zealand, × Hawaii, and others
  • Puma yagouaroundi (jaguarundi) successfully introduced to Florida

Dogs[edit]

  • Feral dog successfully introduced to ? worldwide
  • Red fox successfully introduced to ? worldwide, including × Australia
  • Raccoon dog successfully introduced to ? Europe and Asia[25]
  • Canis latrans (coyote) successfully introduced to Florida and Georgia[26]

Mustelids[edit]

  • American mink successfully introduced to ? Asia and the × British Isles, South America, and Europe
  • Ferret successfully introduced to the ? British Isles, New Zealand, and Azores[27]
  • Stoat successfully introduced to × New Zealand
  • Martes melampus (Japanese marten) successfully introduced to Asia[28]
  • Mustela itatsi (Japanese weasel) successfully introduced to Asia[29]
  • Mustela nivalis (least weasel) successfully introduced to New Zealand
  • Mustela sibirica (Siberian weasel) successfully introduced to Asia[30]

Raccoons and relatives[edit]

Insectivores[edit]

Monkeys[edit]

Rodents[edit]

Rabbits[edit]

  • Mountain hare successfully introduced to ? New Zealand, Scandinavia, and Réunion
  • European rabbit successfully introduced to × Australia, ? North America, ? Africa, ? Asia, × New Zealand, British isles, South America, and Oceania
  • European hare successfully introduced to × Australia, ? British Isles, × New Zealand, ? North America, and ? South America
  • Lepus nigricollis (Indian hare) successfully introduced to Africa[49]
  • Sylvilagus floridanus (cottontail rabbit) successfully introduced to Europe

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/16746/0
  2. ^ https://wild.com.au/magazine/features/koalas-of-south-australia/
  3. ^ http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/speciesname/Equus+caballus
  4. ^ http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/84021
  5. ^ http://www.gokunming.com/en/blog/item/2939/rhinos_reintroduced_to_yunnan
  6. ^ http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/2893/0
  7. ^ http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/550/0
  8. ^ http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/5228/0
  9. ^ http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/10170/0
  10. ^ http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22052/0
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/91401
  13. ^ http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/71349
  14. ^ http://westhighland-hunting.co.uk/featured-view/feral-goat/
  15. ^ https://www.nies.go.jp/biodiversity/invasive/DB/detail/10290e.html
  16. ^ http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/71353
  17. ^ http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/94507
  18. ^ http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/55997823/0
  19. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20171010213515/http://www.arkive.org/chinese-water-deer/hydropotes-inermis/image-G35772.html
  20. ^ https://www.nies.go.jp/biodiversity/invasive/DB/detail/10250e.html
  21. ^ a b c http://adrf.com.au/content/view/35/79/
  22. ^ http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/speciesname/Herpestes+javanicus
  23. ^ http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/80508
  24. ^ https://www.nies.go.jp/biodiversity/invasive/DB/detail/10200e.html
  25. ^ https://www.nies.go.jp/biodiversity/invasive/DB/detail/10310e.html
  26. ^ http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/90296
  27. ^ http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/74424
  28. ^ https://www.nies.go.jp/biodiversity/invasive/DB/detail/10330e.html
  29. ^ https://www.nies.go.jp/biodiversity/invasive/DB/detail/10320e.html
  30. ^ https://www.nies.go.jp/biodiversity/invasive/DB/detail/10180e.html
  31. ^ https://www.invasive.org/browse/subinfo.cfm?sub=56601
  32. ^ http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/67856
  33. ^ https://www.env.go.jp/nature/intro/2outline/list/L-ho-02.html
  34. ^ http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/84114
  35. ^ https://www.nies.go.jp/biodiversity/invasive/DB/detail/10390e.html
  36. ^ http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=1871
  37. ^ http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/136265/0
  38. ^ http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/12550/0
  39. ^ https://www.nies.go.jp/biodiversity/invasive/DB/detail/10080e.html
  40. ^ http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/49075
  41. ^ http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/91203/aqb
  42. ^ http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/91203
  43. ^ http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/91200/aqb
  44. ^ https://www.nies.go.jp/biodiversity/invasive/DB/detail/10060e.html
  45. ^ http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/64725
  46. ^ http://myfwc.com/wildlifehabitats/nonnatives/mammals/mexican-red-bellied-squirrel/
  47. ^ http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/64742
  48. ^ http://aknhp.uaa.alaska.edu/species_summary_reports/pdfs/18.pdf
  49. ^ http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/41282/0