List of islands by area

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This list of islands by area includes all islands in the world greater than 2,500 km2 (970 sq mi) and several other islands over 500 km2 (190 sq mi), sorted in descending order by area. For comparison, continents are also shown.

Continental landmasses[edit]

A size comparison of the smallest continent (Australia) and the largest island (Greenland). South of the Australian mainland is Tasmania, itself the 26th largest island.

Although the continental landmasses listed below are not normally called islands, they are, in fact, land entirely surrounded by water. In effect, they are enormous islands and are shown here for that reason. The figures are approximations and are for the continental mainland only. Some people, however, consider mainland Australia to be an island.

Rank Landmass Area
(km2)
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
1 Afro-Eurasia 85,000,000 33,000,000 Various
2 Americas 42,300,000[dubious ] 16,300,000 Various
3 Antarctica[Note 1] 14,000,000 5,400,000 None (various countries have territorial claims)
4 Australia[Note 2] 7,600,000 2,900,000  Australia

Islands[edit]

Islands (18 total) 100,000 km2 (39,000 sq mi) and greater[edit]

Although an island is, in general, any land mass that is completely surrounded by water, some definitions exclude land masses large enough to be considered continents. Placing Australia in the latter category (even though arguments can be made whether it is technically a continent, or merely part of a larger continent also called Australia) makes Greenland the largest island. For the sake of classification, this list of islands begins with Greenland.

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
1 Greenland[Note 3] 2,130,800[6] 822,700  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
2 New Guinea 785,753 303,381  Indonesia (Papua and West Papua) and  Papua New Guinea
3 Borneo 748,168 288,869  Brunei,  Indonesia (Central, East, North, South and West Kalimantan) and  Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak)
4 Madagascar 587,713 226,917  Madagascar
5 Baffin Island 507,451[7] 195,928  Canada (Nunavut)
6 Sumatra 443,066 171,069  Indonesia (Aceh, Bengkulu, Jambi, Lampung, Riau and North, South and West Sumatra)
7 Honshu 225,800 87,200  Japan (Chūbu, Chūgoku, Kansai, Kantō and Tōhoku regions)
8 Victoria Island 217,291[7] 83,897  Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
9 Great Britain 209,331 80,823  United Kingdom (England, Scotland and Wales)
10 Ellesmere Island 196,236[7] 75,767  Canada (Nunavut)
11 Sulawesi 180,681 69,761  Indonesia (Gorontalo and Central, North, South, Southeast and West Sulawesi provinces)
12 South Island 145,836 56,308  New Zealand (Canterbury, Otago, Southland, West Coast, Tasman, Nelson, Marlborough regions)
13 Java 138,794 53,589  Indonesia (Banten, Jakarta, Yogyakarta and Central, East and West Java provinces)
14 North Island 111,583 43,082  New Zealand (Northland, Auckland, Waikato, Gisborne, Bay of Plenty, Taranaki, Hawke's Bay, Manawatu-Wanganui and Wellington regions)
15 Luzon 109,965 42,458  Philippines (Bicol, Cagayan Valley, Calabarzon, Central Luzon, Cordillera, Ilocos and National Capital regions)
16 Newfoundland 108,860[7] 42,030  Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador)
17 Cuba (main island) 105,806 40,852  Cuba
18 Iceland (main island) 101,826 39,315  Iceland

Islands (27 total) 25,000–99,999 km2 (9,653–38,610 sq mi)[edit]

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
19 Mindanao 97,530 37,660  Philippines (Caraga, Davao, Muslim Mindanao, Northern Mindanao, SOCCSKSARGEN and Zamboanga Peninsula)
20 Ireland 84,421[8] 32,595  Ireland and  United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
21 Hokkaido 78,719 30,394  Japan (Hokkaido region)
22 Hispaniola 73,929 28,544  Dominican Republic and  Haiti
23 Sakhalin 72,493 27,990  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
24 Banks Island 70,028[7] 27,038  Canada (Northwest Territories)
25 Sri Lanka (main island) 67,655[9] 26,122  Sri Lanka
26 Tasmania 65,022 25,105  Australia (Tasmania)
27 Devon Island 55,247[7] 21,331  Canada (Nunavut) (largest uninhabited island in the world)
28 Alexander Island 49,070 18,950 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina (partial),  Chile and  United Kingdom)
29 Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego 47,401 18,302  Argentina (Tierra del Fuego Province) and  Chile (Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region)
30 Severny Island (Novaya Zemlya, north) 47,079 18,177  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
31 Berkner Island 43,873 16,939 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile (partial) and  United Kingdom)
32 Axel Heiberg Island 43,178[7] 16,671  Canada (Nunavut)
33 Melville Island 42,149[7] 16,274  Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
34 Southampton Island 41,214[7] 15,913  Canada (Nunavut)
35 Marajó 40,100[9] 15,500  Brazil (Pará). At the mouth of the Amazon River, it is the world's largest fluvial island.
36 Spitsbergen 38,981[10] 15,051  Norway (Svalbard)
37 Kyushu 37,437 14,455  Japan (Kyūshū region)
38 Taiwan (island) 35,883[11] 13,855  Republic of China (Taiwan)[Note 4]
39 New Britain 35,145 13,570  Papua New Guinea (West New Britain Province and East New Britain Province)
40 Prince of Wales Island 33,339[7] 12,872  Canada (Nunavut)
41 Yuzhny Island (Novaya Zemlya, south) 33,246 12,836  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
42 Hainan 33,210 12,820  People's Republic of China (Hainan Province)
43 Vancouver Island 31,285[7] 12,079  Canada (British Columbia)
44 Timor 28,418 10,972  East Timor and  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
45 Sicily 25,662 9,908  Italy (Sicily)

Islands (32 total) 10,000–24,999 km2 (3,861–9,652 sq mi)[edit]

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
46 Somerset Island 24,786[7] 9,570  Canada (Nunavut)
47 Kotelny Island 24,000 9,300  Russia (Sakha Republic)
48 Sardinia 23,949 9,247  Italy (Sardinia)
49 Bananal 20,000[9] 7,398  Brazil (Tocantins) (world's 2nd largest fluvial island)
50 Shikoku 18,545 7,160  Japan (Shikoku region)
51 Halmahera 18,040 6,970  Indonesia (North Maluku)
52 Seram Island 17,454 6,739  Indonesia (Maluku)
53 New Caledonia (Grande Terre) 16,648 6,428  New Caledonia, special collectivity of  France
54 Bathurst Island 16,042[7] 6,194  Canada (Nunavut)
55 Prince Patrick Island 15,848[7] 6,119  Canada (Northwest Territories)
56 Thurston Island 15,700[9] 6,100 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
57 Nordaustlandet 14,467[10] 5,586  Norway (Svalbard)
58 Sumbawa 14,386 5,554  Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
59 October Revolution Island (Oktyabrskoy Revolyutsii) 14,204 5,484  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
60 Flores 14,154 5,465  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
61 King William Island 13,111[7] 5,062  Canada (Nunavut)
62 Negros 13,075 5,048  Philippines (Negros Island Region)
63 Samar 12,849 4,961  Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
64 Palawan 12,189 4,706  Philippines (MIMAROPA)
65 Panay 12,011 4,637  Philippines (Western Visayas)
66 Yos Sudarso (Dolak) 11,742 4,534  Indonesia (Papua)
67 Bangka 11,413 4,407  Indonesia (Bangka-Belitung Islands)
68 Ellef Ringnes Island 11,295[7] 4,361  Canada (Nunavut)
69 Bolshevik Island 11,206 4,327  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
70 Jamaica 11,190 4,320  Jamaica
71 Bylot Island 11,067[7] 4,273  Canada (Nunavut)
72 Sumba 10,711 4,136  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
73 Mindoro 10,572 4,082  Philippines (MIMAROPA)
74 Viti Levu 10,531 4,066  Fiji (Central Division and Western Division)
75 Hawai'i (Big Island) 10,434 4,029  United States (Hawaii)
76 Cape Breton Island 10,311[7] 3,981  Canada (Nova Scotia)

Islands (41 total) 5,000–9,999 km2 (1,931–3,861 sq mi)[edit]

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
77 Prince Charles Island 9,521[7] 3,676  Canada (Nunavut)
78 Bougainville Island 9,318 3,598  Papua New Guinea (Autonomous Region of Bougainville)
79 Kodiak Island 9,310 3,595[12]  United States (Alaska)
80 Cyprus 9,234 3,565  Cyprus,  Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Sovereign Base Areas of the  United Kingdom, and  Northern Cyprus[Note 5]
81 Puerto Rico 9,100 3,500  Puerto Rico, insular area of the  United States
82 Komsomolets Island 8,812 3,402  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
83 Corsica 8,741 3,375  France (Corsica)
84 Qeqertarsuaq (Disko) 8,612 3,325  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
85 Carney Island 8,500[9] 3,300 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
86 Chiloé Island 8,478 3,273  Chile (Los Lagos Region)
87 Buru 8,473 3,271  Indonesia (Maluku)
88 Crete 8,350 3,220  Greece (Crete)
89 Anticosti Island 7,941[7] 3,066  Canada (Quebec)
90 Roosevelt Island 7,910 3,050 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  New Zealand)
91 Wrangel Island (Vrangelya) 7,866 3,037  Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
92 Tupinambarana (western part) 7,700 3,000  Brazil (Amazonas)
93 New Ireland 7,405 2,859  Papua New Guinea (New Ireland Province)
94 Leyte 7,368 2,845  Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
95 East Falkland 7,040 2,720  Falkland Islands, part of the British Overseas Territories, territories under sovereignty of  United Kingdom[Note 6]
96 Zealand (Sjælland) 7,031[13] 2,715  Denmark (Zealand and Capital Region)
97 Cornwallis Island 6,995[7] 2,701  Canada (Nunavut)
98 Prince of Wales Island 6,675 2,577  United States (Alaska)
99 Kerguelen (main island) (Desolation Island) 6,617 2,555  French Southern and Antarctic Lands, overseas territory of  France
100 Siple Island 6,390 2,470 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
101 Graham Island 6,361[7] 2,456  Canada (British Columbia)
102 New Siberia (Novaya Sibir) 6,201 2,394  Russia (Sakha Republic)
103 Melville Island 5,765 2,226  Australia (Northern Territory)
104 Prince Edward Island 5,620[7] 2,170  Canada (Prince Edward Island)
105 Vanua Levu 5,587 2,157  Fiji (Northern Division)
106 Wellington Island 5,556 2,145  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
107 Coats Island 5,498[7] 2,123  Canada (Nunavut)
108 Bali 5,416 2,091  Indonesia (Bali)
109 Chichagof Island 5,388 2,080  United States (Alaska)
110 Guadalcanal 5,353 2,067  Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal Province and Capital Territory)
111 Amund Ringnes Island 5,255[7] 2,029  Canada (Nunavut)
112 Great Lyakhovsky Island (Bolshoy Lyakhovsky) 5,157 1,991  Russia (Sakha Republic)
113 St. Lawrence Island 5,135 1,983  United States (Alaska)
114 Riesco Island 5,110[14] 1,970  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
115 Edgeøya 5,073[10] 1,959  Norway (Svalbard)
116 Mackenzie King Island 5,048[7] 1,949  Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
117 Trinidad 5,009 1,934  Trinidad and Tobago
118 Caviana 5,000[14] 1,900  Brazil (Pará)

Islands (61 total) 2,500–4,999 km2 (965–1,930 sq mi)[edit]

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
119 Kolguyev Island 4,968 1,918  Russia (Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
120 Ilha Grande de Gurupá 4,864[14] 1,878  Brazil (Pará)
121 Isabela Island 4,711 1,819  Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
122 North Jutlandic Island (Vendsyssel-Thy) 4,685[13] 1,809  Denmark (North Denmark) (physically part of the Jutland peninsula until 1825)
123 Lombok 4,625 1,786  Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
124 West Falkland 4,531 1,749  Falkland Islands, part of the British Overseas Territories, territories under sovereignty of  United Kingdom[Note 7]
125 Belitung 4,478 1,729  Indonesia (Bangka-Belitung Islands)
126 Cebu 4,468 1,725  Philippines (Central Visayas)
127 Adelaide Island 4,463 1,723 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
128 Stefansson Island 4,463[7] 1,723  Canada (Nunavut)
129 Madura Island 4,429 1,710  Indonesia (East Java)
130 Buton 4,408 1,702  Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
131 Kangaroo Island 4,374 1,689  Australia (South Australia)
132 Admiralty Island 4,362 1,684  United States (Alaska)
133 Nunivak Island 4,209[14] 1,625  United States (Alaska)
134 Unimak Island 4,119 1,590  United States (Alaska)
135 Hoste Island 4,117[14] 1,590  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
136 Spaatz Island 4,100[14] 1,600 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)
137 Baranof Island 4,065 1,570  United States (Alaska)
138 Nias 4,048 1,563  Indonesia (North Sumatra)
139 Espiritu Santo 3,956 1,527  Vanuatu (Sanma Province)
140 Milne Land 3,913 1,511  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
141 Malaita 3,836 1,481  Solomon Islands (Malaita Province)
142 Siberut 3,829 1,478  Indonesia (West Sumatra)
143 Bohol 3,821 1,475  Philippines (Central Visayas)
144 South Georgia 3,718 1,436  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, part of the British Overseas Territories, territories under sovereignty of  United Kingdom
145 Euboea (Evvoia) 3,707 1,431  Greece (Central Greece)
146 Santa Inés Island 3,688 1,424  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
147 Majorca 3,667 1,416  Spain (Balearic Islands)
148 Santa Isabel Island 3,665 1,415  Solomon Islands (Isabel Province)
149 Long Island 3,629[14] 1,401  United States (New York)
150 Socotra 3,607 1,393  Yemen (Socotra Governorate)
151 Wetar 3,600[14] 1,400  Indonesia (Maluku)
152 Tupinambarana (northern part) 3,600 1,400  Brazil (Amazonas)
153 Traill Island 3,542 1,368  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
154 Bear Island 3,500[14] 1,400 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
155 North Andros Island 3,439 1,328  Bahamas (North Andros and Central Andros)
156 Vaygach Island 3,329 1,285  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
157 Masbate Island 3,268[14] 1,262  Philippines (Bicol)
158 Iturup (Etorofu) 3,238 1,250  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast) (also claimed by  Japan (Hokkaidō region))
159 Makira (San Cristóbal) 3,190 1,230  Solomon Islands (Makira-Ulawa Province)
160 Mansel Island 3,180[7] 1,230  Canada (Nunavut)
161 Yamdena 3,100[14] 1,200  Indonesia (Maluku)
162 Waigeo 3,060[14] 1,180  Indonesia (West Papua)
163 Akimiski Island 3,001[7] 1,159  Canada (Nunavut)
164 Gotland 2,994[15] 1,156  Sweden (Gotland)
165 Funen (Fyn) 2,985[13] 1,153  Denmark (Southern Denmark)
166 Choiseul Island 2,971 1,147  Solomon Islands (Choiseul Province)
167 Revillagigedo Island 2,965 1,145  United States (Alaska)
168 Taliabu 2,913 1,125  Indonesia (North Maluku)
169 Muna Island 2,889 1,115  Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
170 Zemlya Georga 2,821 1,089  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
171 Kupreanof Island 2,813 1,086  United States (Alaska)
172 Borden Island 2,794[7] 1,079  Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
173 North Andaman Island 2,781 1,074  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
174 Manitoulin Island 2,766[16] 1,068  Canada (Ontario) (world's largest freshwater lake island)
175 Unalaska Island 2,722 1,051  United States (Alaska)
176 Saaremaa 2,672 1,032  Estonia (Saaremaa)
177 Moresby Island 2,608[7] 1,007  Canada (British Columbia)
178 James Ross Island 2,598 1,003 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
179 Obira 2,542 981  Indonesia (North Maluku)
180 Réunion 2,535 979  France (Réunion, overseas department)

Islands (142 total) 1,000–2,499 km2 (386–965 sq mi)[edit]

This section of the list might not be complete, but covers almost all of the islands in the world over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi). The area of some Antarctic islands is uncertain.

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
181 Navarino Island 2,473[citation needed] 955  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
182 Paramushir 2,471[14] 954  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
183 Ross Island 2,460[14] 950 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  New Zealand)
184 Ymer Island 2,437 941  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
185 Anvers Island 2,432 939 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
186 Karaginsky Island 2,404[citation needed] 928  Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
187 Cornwall Island 2,358[7] 910  Canada (Nunavut)
188 Peleng 2,346 906  Indonesia (Central Sulawesi)
189 Groote Eylandt 2,285 882  Australia (Northern Territory)
190 Yapen 2,278 880  Indonesia (Papua)
191 Morotai 2,266 875  Indonesia (North Maluku)
192 Princess Royal Island 2,251[7] 869  Canada (British Columbia)
193 Isla de la Juventud 2,237 864  Cuba (Isla de la Juventud)
194 Wilczek Land 2,203[citation needed] 851  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
195 Hinnøya 2,198[10] 849  Norway (Nordland and Troms)
196 Nelson Island 2,183[citation needed] 843  United States (Alaska)
197 Richards Island 2,165[7] 836  Canada (Northwest Territories)
198 Trangan 2,149 830  Indonesia (Maluku)
199 Alor Island 2,120 820  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
200 Margarita Island 2,100 810  Colombia (an inland fluvial island in the Magdalena River, not to be confused with the Caribbean Venezuelan island)
201 Lewis and Harris 2,086 805  United Kingdom (Scotland)
202 Laut Island 2,057 794  Indonesia (South Kalimantan)
203 Malakula 2,041 788  Vanuatu (Malampa Province)
204 New Georgia 2,037 786  Solomon Islands (Western Province)
205 Misool 2,034 785  Indonesia (West Papua)
206 Magdalena Island 2,025 782  Chile (Aysén Region)
207 René-Levasseur Island 2,020[16] 780  Canada (Quebec) (largest artificial island)
208 Tenerife 2,008 775  Spain (Canary Islands)
209 Ayon Island 2,000[citation needed] 770  Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
210 Kuiu Island 1,962 758  United States (Alaska)
211 Manus Island 1,940 750  Papua New Guinea (Manus Province)
212 Bioko 1,935 747  Equatorial Guinea (Bioko Norte Province and Bioko Sur Province)
213 Biak 1,904 735  Indonesia (Papua)
214 Maui 1,903 735  United States (Hawaii)
215 Bacan 1,900 730  Indonesia (North Maluku)
216 Žitný ostrov 1,886[citation needed] 728  Slovakia (Bratislava Region, Trnava Region and Nitra Region)
217 Mauritius 1,874 724  Mauritius
218 Fraser Island 1,840[17] 710  Australia (Queensland) (world's largest sand island)
219 Jejudo 1,826[18] 705  South Korea (Jeju Province)
220 Stewart Island/Rakiura 1,815 701  New Zealand (Southland)
221 Bely Island 1,810 700  Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
222 Afognak 1,809 698  United States (Alaska)
223 Umnak 1,793 692  United States (Alaska)
224 Bolshoy Shantar Island 1,766 682  Russia (Khabarovsk Krai)
225 Bolshoy Begichev Island 1,764 681  Russia (Sakha Republic)
226 Simeulue 1,754 677  Indonesia (Aceh)
227 Kobroor 1,723 665  Indonesia (Maluku)
228 Air Force Island 1,720[7] 660  Canada (Nunavut)
229 Natuna Besar 1,720[citation needed] 660  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
230 Savai'i 1,718 663  Samoa (Fa'asaleleaga, Gaga'emauga, Gaga'ifomauga, Vaisigano, Satupa'itea and Palauli)
231 Geographical Society Island 1,717 663  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
232 Bathurst Island 1,692 653  Australia (Northern Territory)
233 Bering Island 1,660[citation needed] 640  Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
234 Skye 1,659 641  United Kingdom (Scotland)
235 Lesbos (Lesvos) 1,641 634  Greece (North Aegean)
236 Soisalo 1,635[19] 631  Finland (Northern Savonia and Southern Savonia) (not a true island: the surrounding lakes are of different levels)
237 Fuerteventura 1,633 631  Spain (Canary Islands)
238 Salawati 1,623 627  Indonesia (West Papua)
239 Great Inagua 1,615 624  Bahamas (Inagua)
240 Kunashir Island 1,612 622  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast) (also claimed by  Japan (Hokkaidō region))
241 Joinville Island 1,607 620 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
242 Tanahbesar (Wokam) 1,604 619  Indonesia (Maluku)
243 Rantau 1,598 617  Indonesia (Riau)
244 Senja 1,590[10] 610  Norway (Troms)
245 Flaherty Island 1,585[7] 612  Canada (Nunavut)
246 Oahu 1,583 611  United States (Hawaii)
247 Zanzibar (Unguja) 1,575 608  Tanzania (Unguja North Region, Unguja South Region and Mjini Magharibi Region)
248 Graham Bell Island 1,557 601  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
249 Eglinton Island 1,541[7] 595  Canada (Northwest Territories)
250 Middle Andaman Island 1,536[18] 593  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
251 Clavering Island 1,535 593  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
252 Gran Canaria 1,530 590  Spain (Canary Islands)
253 Pioneer Island 1,527 590  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
254 Great Karimun 1,524 588  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
255 Catanduanes 1,523 588  Philippines (Bicol Region
256 Charcot Island 1,500[citation needed] 580 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)
257 Rupat 1,490 580  Indonesia (Riau)
258 Qeshm 1,488 575  Iran (Hormozgan Province)
259 Nares Land 1,466 566  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
260 South Andros Island 1,448 559  Bahamas (South Andros)
261 Bhola Island 1,441[citation needed] 556  Bangladesh (Barisal Division)
262 Fergusson Island 1,437 555  Papua New Guinea (Milne Bay Province)
263 Urup 1,437 555  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
264 Kauai 1,435 554  United States (Hawaii)
265 São Luís Island 1,410[citation needed] 540  Brazil (Maranhão)
266 Rhodes 1,410 540  Greece (South Aegean)
267 King George Island 1,384 534 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
268 Graham Island 1,378[7] 532  Canada (Nunavut)
269 Pitt Island 1,375[7] 531  Canada (British Columbia)
270 Nottingham Island 1,372[7] 530  Canada (Nunavut)
271 Desolación Island 1,352 522  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
272 Ramree Island 1,350[18] 520  Myanmar (Rakhine State)
273 Flinders Island 1,330 510  Australia (Tasmania)
274 Öland 1,347[15] 520  Sweden (Kalmar)
275 Lougheed Island 1,308[7] 505  Canada (Nunavut)
276 Dawson Island 1,290 500  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
277 Barentsøya (Barents) 1,288[20] 497  Norway (Svalbard)
278 Lembata (Lomblen) 1,270 490  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
279 Chongming Island 1,267[citation needed] 489  People's Republic of China (Shanghai Municipality)
280 Basilan 1,266 489  Philippines (Muslim Mindanao and Zamboanga Peninsula)
281 Shannon Island 1,259 486  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
282 Mill Island 1,258 486 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  Australia)
283 Morfil 1,250 480  Senegal (Saint-Louis Region)
284 Lolland 1,243[13] 480  Denmark (Zealand)
285 Mangole Island 1,229 475  Indonesia (North Maluku)
286 New Hanover Island (Lavongai) 1,227 474  Papua New Guinea (New Ireland Province)
287 Rote Island 1,227 474  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
288 South Andaman Island 1,211 468  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
289 Okinawa Island 1,200 460  Japan (Ryukyu Islands)
290 Oleniy Island 1,197 462  Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
291 Tiburón Island 1,190 460  Mexico (Sonora)
292 Campana Island 1,188 459  Chile (Aisén Region)
293 Bintan Island 1,173 453  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
294 Martinique 1,167 451  France (Martinique, overseas department)
295 Aracena Island 1,164 449  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
296 Sherman Island 1,159 447 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
297 Byam Martin Island 1,150[7] 440  Canada (Nunavut)
298 Great Abaco 1,146 442  Bahamas (North Abaco, Central Abaco and South Abaco)
299 Lifou Island 1,146 442  New Caledonia, special collectivity of  France
300 Wales Island 1,137[7] 439  Canada (Nunavut)
301 Île Vanier 1,126[7] 435  Canada (Nunavut)
302 Upolu 1,125 434  Samoa (Tuamasaga, A'ana, Aiga-i-le-Tai, Atua, Va'a-o-Fonoti and Gaga'emauga)
303 King Island 1,121 433  Australia (Tasmania)
304 Clarence Island 1,111 429  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
305 Padang Island 1,109 428  Indonesia (Riau)
306 Grand Bahama 1,096 423  Bahamas (East Grand Bahama, West Grand Bahama and Freeport)
307 Alexandra Land (Zemlya Aleksandry) 1,095 423  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
308 Rowley Island 1,090[7] 420  Canada (Nunavut)
309 Hecla Island 1,084[21] 419  Canada (Manitoba)
310 Tahiti 1,069 413  French Polynesia, overseas collectivity of  France
311 Sääminginsalo 1,069[19] 413  Finland (Southern Savonia) (not a true island because it is detached from the mainland by an artificial canal)
312 Serrano Island 1,063 410  Chile (Aisén Region)
313 Atka Island 1,061 410  United States (Alaska)
314 Cameron Island 1,059[7] 409  Canada (Nunavut)
315 Gallya (Hall Island) 1,049 405  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
316 Madre de Dios Island 1,043 403  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
317 Normanby Island 1,040 400  Papua New Guinea (Milne Bay Province)
318 Hiiumaa 1,031 398  Estonia (Hiiumaa)
319 Resolution Island 1,015[7] 392  Canada (Nunavut)
320 Grande Comore 1,013 391  Comoros (Grande Comore)
321 Mornington Island 1,002[citation needed] 387  Australia (Queensland)
322 Smyley Island 1,000[citation needed] 390 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)

Islands (189 total) 500–999 km2 (193–386 sq mi)[edit]

This section of the list is not complete, although it should cover all European islands over 500 km2 (190 sq mi) and most islands of other continents.

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
323 Vansittart Island 997[7] 385  Canada (Nunavut)
324 Maya Karimata 992 383  Indonesia (West Kalimantan)
325 Santiago 991[citation needed] 383  Cape Verde
326 Banks Island 990[7] 380  Canada (British Columbia)
327 Santa Cruz 979 378  Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
328 Brabant Island 977 377 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
329 Maly Lyakhovsky Island 976 377  Russia (Sakha Republic)
330 Livingston Island 974 376 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
331 Shetland Mainland 970[citation needed] 370  United Kingdom (Scotland)
332 Flevopolder 970[citation needed] 370  Netherlands (Flevoland)
333 Salisbury Island 960 370  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
334 Isla Margarita 957 369  Venezuela
335 Great Nicobar Island 956 369  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
336 Meighen Island 955[7] 369  Canada (Nunavut)
337 Isla Ángel de la Guarda 945 365  Mexico (Baja California)
338 Russell Island 940[7] 360  Canada (Nunavut)
339 Umboi Island 930 360  Papua New Guinea
340 Bengkalis 929 359  Indonesia (Riau)
341 Rügen 926[22] 358  Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern)
342 Jens Munk Island 920[7] 360  Canada (Nunavut)
343 Marinduque 916 354  Philippines (MIMAROPA)
344 Rangsang 908 351  Indonesia (Riau)
345 Akpatok Island 903[7] 349  Canada (Nunavut)
346 Efate 900 350  Vanuatu
347 South Pagai 900 350  Indonesia (West Sumatra)
348 Attu Island 896 346  United States (Alaska)
349 Pemba Island 890 340  Tanzania (Zanzibar)
350 Busuanga Island 890[citation needed] 340  Philippines (Palawan)
351 Lingga Island 889 343  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
352 Erromango 888 343  Vanuatu
353 Mull 886 342  United Kingdom (Scotland)
354 Cape Cod 880 339[23]  United States (Massachusetts)
355 Basse-Terre Island 876 338  France (Guadeloupe, overseas department)
356 Woodlark Island (Muyua) 874 337  Papua New Guinea
357 Kabaena 873 337  Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
358 Etolin Island 870 340  United States (Alaska)
359 Jolo 869 336  Philippines (Muslim Mindanao)
360 Vanatinai (Sudest) 866 334  Papua New Guinea
361 Melchor Island 864 334  Chile (Aisén Region)
362 Bubiyan Island 863[citation needed] 333  Kuwait
363 Langøya 860[10] 330  Norway (Nordland)
364 Sado Island 855[citation needed] 330  Japan (Chūbu region)
365 São Tomé Island 855 330  São Tomé and Príncipe
366 Sibiryakov Island 847 327  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
367 Karakelong 846 327  Indonesia (North Sulawesi)
368 Tablas Island 839[citation needed] 324  Philippines (MIMAROPA)
369 Chios (Khios) 823 318  Greece (North Aegean)
370 Sørøya 816[10] 315  Norway (Finnmark)
371 Hanover Island 812 314  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
372 King Island 808[7] 312  Canada (British Columbia)
373 Ambon Island 806 311  Indonesia (Maluku)
374 Salisbury Island 804[7] 310  Canada (Nunavut)
375 Sammisoq 803 310  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
376 Big Island 803[7] 310  Canada (Nunavut)
377 Lanzarote 791 305  Spain (Canary Islands)
378 White Island 789[7] 305  Canada (Nunavut)
379 Santo Antão 787 304  Cape Verde
380 Dominica 787 304  Dominica
381 Cayo Romano 777 300  Cuba
382 Cephalonia (Kefalonia) 775 299  Greece (Ionian Islands)
383 Ammassalik Island 772 298  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
384 Dinagat Island 769 297  Philippines (Caraga)
385 São Miguel Island 769 297  Portugal (Azores)
386 Grant Island 768 297 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
387 Brock Island 764[7] 295  Canada (Northwest Territories)
388 Prat Island 761 294  Chile (Aisén Region)
389 Singkep 757 292  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
390 Dahlak Kebir (Dehalak Deset) 755 292  Eritrea (Dahlak Archipelago)
391 Madeira Island 749 289  Portugal (Madeira)
392 Mezhdusharsky Island 748[citation needed] 289  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
393 Chatham Island 745 288  New Zealand
394 Gonâve Island (La Gonâve) 743[citation needed] 287  Haiti
395 Kvaløya 737[10] 285  Norway (Troms)
396 Olkhon Island 730[24] 280  Russia (Irkutsk Oblast)
397 Adak Island 725 280  United States (Alaska)
398 Montague Island 722 279  United States (Alaska)
399 Pantar 720 280  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
400 Wowoni Island 715 276  Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
401 Amami Ōshima 712 275  Japan (Kyūshū region)
402 Little Andaman 710 270  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
403 Pulau Ujong (Singapore Island) 710[citation needed] 270  Singapore
404 Tsushima Island 709[citation needed] 274  Japan (Kyūshū region)
405 Latady Island 700[citation needed] 270 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina (partial),  Chile and  United Kingdom)
406 Chatham Island 696 269  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
407 Komoran 695 268  Indonesia (Papua)
408 Drygalski Island 694 268 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  Australia)
409 Minorca 692 267  Spain (Balearic Islands)
410 La Palma 690 270  Spain (Canary Islands)
411 Bray Island 689[7] 266  Canada (Nunavut)
412 Kolombangara 688 266  Solomon Islands
413 Goodenough Island 687 265  Papua New Guinea
414 Fasta Åland 685[19] 264  Finland (Åland Islands)
415 Buka Island 682 263  Papua New Guinea
416 Kvitøya 682[20] 263  Norway (Svalbard)
417 Ambrym 678 262  Vanuatu
418 Molokai 678 262  United States (Hawaii)
419 Bahrain Island 673 260  Bahrain
420 Selayar Island 666 257  Indonesia (South Sulawesi)
421 Rennell Island 660 250  Solomon Islands
422 Supiori Island 659 254  Indonesia (Papua)
423 Maré Island 657 254  New Caledonia, special collectivity of  France
424 Ringvassøy 656[10] 253  Norway (Troms)
425 Alluttoq Island 655 253  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
426 Dall Island 655 253  United States (Alaska)
427 Anglesey (Ynys Môn) 654 253  United Kingdom (Wales)
428 Masirah Island 649[citation needed] 251  Oman
429 King Christian Island 645[7] 249  Canada (Nunavut)
430 Londonderry Island 643 248  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
431 Saint Lucia 640 250  Saint Lucia
432 Grande-Terre 639 247  France (Guadeloupe, overseas department)
433 Foley Island 637[7] 246  Canada (Nunavut)
434 Boa Vista 634 245  Cape Verde
435 Kuhn Island 634 245  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
436 Samosir 630[24] 240  Indonesia (North Sumatra) (the largest island on another island - Sumatra)
437 Fernandina Island 629 243  Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
438 Polillo Island 629 243  Philippines (Calabarzon)
439 Vella Lavella 629 243  Solomon Islands
440 Corfu (Kerkira) 626 242  Greece (Ionian Islands)
441 Contreras Island 626 242  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
442 Dirk Hartog Island 625 241  Australia (Western Australia)
443 North Pagai 622 240  Indonesia (West Sumatra)
444 Islay 620 240  United Kingdom (Scotland)
445 Salsette Island 619[citation needed] 239  India (Maharashtra)
446 Benjamin Island 618 239  Chile (Aisén Region)
447 Renaud Island 618 239 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
448 Store Koldewey 616 238  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
449 Prins Karls Forland 615[20] 237  Norway (Svalbard)
450 MacKlintok Island 612[citation needed] 236  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
451 Sipura 601 232  Indonesia (West Sumatra)
452 Sherbro Island 600 230[citation needed]  Sierra Leone
453 Awaji Island 592[citation needed] 229  Japan (Kansai region)
454 Gordon Island 591 228  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
455 North Kent Island 590[7] 230  Canada (Nunavut)
456 Bornholm 588[13] 227  Denmark (Capital Region)
457 Masson Island 585 226 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  Australia)
458 Hendrik Island 583 225  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
459 Tawi-Tawi 581 224  Philippines (Muslim Mindanao)
460 Ibiza 577 223  Spain (Balearic Islands)
461 Santiago (San Salvador) 577 223  Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
462 Isle of Man 573 221  Isle of Man,  United Kingdom crown dependency
463 Hitra 572[10] 221  Norway (Sør-Trøndelag)
464 Patricio Lynch Island 561 217  Chile (Aisén Region)
465 Guimaras 560 220  Philippines (Western Visayas)
466 Wrangell Island 560 220  United States (Alaska)
467 Seiland 559[10] 216  Norway (Finnmark)
468 Elephant Island 558 215 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
469 Sanana Island 558[citation needed] 215  Indonesia (North Maluku)
470 Tanna 555 214  Vanuatu
471 Sangir Island 552 213  Indonesia (North Sulawesi)
472 Kai Besar 550 210  Indonesia (Maluku)
473 Emerald Isle 549[7] 212  Canada (Northwest Territories)
474 San Cristóbal Island 547 211  Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
475 Mitkof Island 546 211  United States (Alaska)
476 Phuket 543 210  Thailand
477 Guam 541 209  Guam, territory of the  United States
478 Upernivik Island 541 209  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
479 Isle Royale 541[24] 209  United States (Michigan)
480 Orkney Mainland 540 210  United Kingdom (Scotland)
481 Padre Island 540 209[25]  United States (Texas)
482 Cozumel 539 208  Mexico (Quintana Roo)
483 Long Island 538 208  Bahamas
484 Jorge Montt Island 537 207  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
485 Belkovsky Island 535 207  Russia (Sakha Republic)
486 Ukerewe Island 530[24] 200  Tanzania
487 Mornington Island 529 204  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
488 Tanaga Island 529 204  United States (Alaska)
489 Austvågøy 527[10] 203  Norway (Nordland)
490 Kimitoön Island 524[19] 202  Finland (Southwest Finland)
491 Cheduba Island 523[citation needed] 202  Myanmar
492 Djerba (Jerba) 523 202  Tunisia
493 Duke of York Island 522 202  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
494 Porcher Island 521[7] 201  Canada (British Columbia)
495 Jackson Island (Dzheksona) 521 201  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
496 Traiguen Island 520 200  Chile (Aisén Region)
497 Esmeralda Island 515 199  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
498 Andøya 511 197  Norway (Nordland)
499 Nootka Island 510[7] 200  Canada (British Columbia)
500 Adonara 509 197  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
501 Vangunu 509 197  Solomon Islands
502 Acklins 508 196  Bahamas
503 Nendo Island 506 195  Solomon Islands
504 Yakushima 505[citation needed] 195  Japan (Kyūshū region)
505 Coiba 503[citation needed] 194  Panama
506 Zhoushan Island 503[citation needed] 194  People's Republic of China (Zhejiang Province)
507 Biliran 501 193  Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
508 Isla de los Estados 501 193  Argentina (Patagonia Region)
509 Long Island 500 190  Papua New Guinea
510 Hearst Island 500[citation needed] 190 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
511 Rothschild Island 500[citation needed] 190 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Antarctica is a special case; if its ice is considered not as land, but as water, it is not a single land mass, but several land areas of much smaller area, since the ice-bedrock boundary is below sea level in many regions of the continent. If its ice cover were to be lifted, some rock that is currently below sea level would rise as the weight of the ice would be removed,[1] although this would in part be counteracted, and in some areas of the continent overtaken, by eustatic rises in sea level.[2]
  2. ^ Australia is more than three times the size of Greenland, the largest island. Australia is sometimes dubbed "The Island Continent", and sometimes accorded the role of "Earth’s largest island but smallest continent".[3]
  3. ^ It is thought that beneath the ice sheet Greenland may be three separate islands.[5] Whether the places where the ice-bedrock boundary reaches below the sea level are land or sea is a matter of definition. The usual definition is that Greenland is one major island.
  4. ^ The Republic of China (ROC) is a state commonly referred to as Taiwan. It is also diplomatically occasionally known as Chinese Taipei or other names. The ROC is no longer a United Nations member since late 1971 and regarded by UN as Taiwan, Province of China (see also One-China policy and Political status of Taiwan). It is currently recognized by the Holy See and 23 UN member states and with de facto international relations with most others. Taiwan keeps substantial cultural , economic, and military relations with the United States, Japan, EU countries among major states. The political status of the ROC and the legal status of Taiwan (alongside the territories under the ROC jurisdiction since 1945) are in dispute. The ROC should not be confused with the People's Republic of China (PRC) which is usually referred to as China, or the Republic of Taiwan proposed by supporters of Taiwan independence.
  5. ^ The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus claims and controls one third of the island of Cyprus, although this is not recognised by any country except Turkey.
  6. ^ A dispute exists between the Governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom concerning sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. The territory is described as "Falkland Islands (Malvinas)" by the United Nations.
  7. ^ A dispute exists between the Governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom concerning sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. The territory is described as "Falkland Islands (Malvinas)" by the United Nations.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Global warming and the stability of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, Michael Oppenheimer, 1998 (see map of Antarctica showing regions where bedrock is below sea level)
  2. ^ Jonathan L. Bamber; River; Vermeersen; LeBrocq (May 2009). "Reassessment of the Potential Sea-Level Rise from a Collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet". Science. 324 (59295): 901–903. doi:10.1126/science.1169335. PMID 19443778. Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "Australia in Brief - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Dfat.gov.au. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Islands By Land Area". Islands.unep.ch. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  5. ^ "Greenland's huge ice sheet is melting far faster than scientists expected", San Francisco Chronicle, 2 July 2006.
  6. ^ "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Continent or Island?". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm "Atlas of Canada - Sea Islands". Atlas.nrcan.gc.ca. 2009-08-12. Archived from the original on 2013-01-22. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  8. ^ Nolan, Professor William. "Geography of Ireland". Government of Ireland. Retrieved 2009-11-11. 
  9. ^ a b c d e "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of the World". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Statistisk årbok 2009: Geografisk oversikt" (in Norwegian). Ssb.no. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  11. ^ Monthly Bulletin of Interior Statistics 2011.12, Department of Statistics, Ministry of the Interior, R.O.C.
  12. ^ Dunham, Mike (July 31, 2010). "Turns out Kodiak is largest U.S. island, depending on viewpoint". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  13. ^ a b c d e "Kort & Matrikelstyrelsen - Střrste řer". 2003-09-23. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of the World by Region". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  15. ^ a b Öar i Sverige Islands in Sweden
  16. ^ a b "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Lake Islands of the World". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  17. ^ World Heritage Places - Fraser Island
  18. ^ a b c "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of Selected Countries". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  19. ^ a b c d "Suomen suurimmat saaret". Kauko Huotari. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  20. ^ a b c "Svalbard Statistics 2005" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  21. ^ Hecla / Grindstone Provincial Park
  22. ^ Wurlitzer, Bernd (2006). Rügen (in German) (11 ed.). Mair Dumont Marco Polo. p. 15. ISBN 3-8297-0171-3. 
  23. ^ Local Cape Cod Information
  24. ^ a b c d Largest Lake Islands
  25. ^ Padre Island at The Handbook of Texas

References[edit]