List of islands by area

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This list of islands by area includes all islands in the world greater than 2,500 km2 (970 sq mi) and several other islands over 500 km2 (190 sq mi), sorted in descending order by area. For comparison, continents are also shown.

Continental landmasses[edit]

A size comparison of the smallest continent (Australia) and the largest island (Greenland). South of the Australian mainland is Tasmania, itself the 26th largest island.

Although the continental landmasses listed below are not normally called islands, they are land entirely surrounded by water (excluding the geologically insignificant Suez and Panama Canals). In effect, they are enormous islands and are shown here for that reason. The figures are approximations and are for the continental mainland only. Some people, however, consider mainland Australia to be an island.

Rank Landmass Area
(km2)
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
1 Afro-Eurasia 85,000,000 33,000,000 Various
2 Americas 42,300,000 16,300,000 Various
3 Antarctica[Note 1] 14,000,000 5,400,000 None (various countries have territorial claims)
4 Australia[Note 2] 7,600,000 2,900,000  Australia

Islands (18 total) 100,000 km2 (39,000 sq mi) and greater[edit]

Although an island is, in general, any land mass that is completely surrounded by water, some definitions exclude land masses large enough to be considered continents. Placing Australia in the latter category (even though arguments can be made whether it is technically a continent, or merely part of a larger continent also called Australia) makes Greenland the largest island. For the sake of classification, this list of islands begins with Greenland.

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
1 Greenland[Note 3] 2,130,800[6] 822,700  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm
2 New Guinea 785,753 303,381  Indonesia (Papua and West Papua) and  Papua New Guinea
3 Borneo 748,168 288,869  Brunei,  Indonesia (Central, East, North, South and West Kalimantan) and  Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak)
4 Madagascar 587,713 226,917  Madagascar
5 Baffin Island 507,451[7] 195,928  Canada (Nunavut)
6 Sumatra 443,066 171,069  Indonesia (Aceh, Bengkulu, Jambi, Lampung, Riau and North, South and West Sumatra)
7 Honshu 225,800 87,200  Japan (Chūbu, Chūgoku, Kansai, Kantō and Tōhoku regions)
8 Victoria Island 217,291[7] 83,897  Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
9 Great Britain 209,331 80,823  United Kingdom (England, Scotland and Wales)
10 Ellesmere Island 196,236[7] 75,767  Canada (Nunavut)
11 Sulawesi 180,681 69,761  Indonesia (Gorontalo and Central, North, South, Southeast and West Sulawesi provinces)
12 South Island 145,836 56,308  New Zealand (Canterbury, Otago, Southland, West Coast, Tasman, Nelson, Marlborough regions)
13 Java 138,794 53,589  Indonesia (Banten, Jakarta, Yogyakarta and Central, East and West Java provinces)
14 North Island 111,583 43,082  New Zealand (Northland, Auckland, Waikato, Gisborne, Bay of Plenty, Taranaki, Hawke's Bay, Manawatu-Wanganui and Wellington regions)
15 Luzon 109,965 42,458  Philippines (Bicol, Cagayan Valley, Calabarzon, Central Luzon, Cordillera, Ilocos and National Capital regions)
16 Newfoundland 108,860[7] 42,030  Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador)
17 Cuba (main island) 105,806 40,852  Cuba
18 Iceland (main island) 101,826 39,315  Iceland

Islands (27 total) 25,000–99,999 km2 (9,653–38,610 sq mi)[edit]

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
19 Mindanao 97,530 37,660  Philippines (Caraga, Davao, Muslim Mindanao, Northern Mindanao, SOCCSKSARGEN and Zamboanga Peninsula)
20 Ireland 84,421[8] 32,595  Republic of Ireland and  United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
21 Hokkaido 78,719 30,394  Japan (Hokkaido region)
22 Hispaniola 73,929 28,544  Dominican Republic and  Haiti
23 Sakhalin 72,493 27,990  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
24 Banks Island 70,028[7] 27,038  Canada (Northwest Territories)
25 Sri Lanka (main island) 67,655[9] 26,122  Sri Lanka
26 Tasmania 65,022 25,105  Australia (Tasmania)
27 Devon Island 55,247[7] 21,331  Canada (Nunavut) (largest uninhabited island in the world)
28 Alexander Island 49,070 18,950 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina (partial),  Chile and  United Kingdom)
29 Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego 47,401 18,302  Argentina (Tierra del Fuego Province) and  Chile (Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region)
30 Severny Island (Novaya Zemlya, north) 47,079 18,177  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
31 Berkner Island 43,873 16,939 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile (partial) and  United Kingdom)
32 Axel Heiberg Island 43,178[7] 16,671  Canada (Nunavut)
33 Melville Island 42,149[7] 16,274  Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
34 Southampton Island 41,214[7] 15,913  Canada (Nunavut)
35 Marajó 40,100[9] 15,500  Brazil (Pará). At the mouth of the Amazon River, it is the world's largest fluvial island.
36 Spitsbergen 38,981[10] 15,051  Norway (Svalbard)
37 Kyushu 37,437 14,455  Japan (Kyūshū region)
38 Taiwan (island) 35,883[11] 13,855  Republic of China (Taiwan)[Note 4]
39 New Britain 35,145 13,570  Papua New Guinea
40 Prince of Wales Island 33,339[7] 12,872  Canada (Nunavut)
41 Yuzhny Island (Novaya Zemlya, south) 33,246 12,836  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
42 Hainan 33,210 12,820  People's Republic of China (Hainan Province)
43 Vancouver Island 31,285[7] 12,079  Canada (British Columbia)
44 Timor 28,418 10,972  East Timor and  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
45 Sicily 25,662 9,908  Italy

Islands (32 total) 10,000–24,999 km2 (3,861–9,652 sq mi)[edit]

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
46 Somerset Island 24,786[7] 9,570  Canada (Nunavut)
47 Kotelny Island 24,000 9,300  Russia (Sakha Republic)
48 Sardinia 23,949 9,247  Italy
49 Bananal 20,000[9] 7,398  Brazil (Tocantins) (world's 2nd largest fluvial island)
50 Shikoku 18,545 7,160  Japan (Shikoku region)
51 Halmahera 18,040 6,970  Indonesia (North Maluku)
52 Seram Island 17,454 6,739  Indonesia (Maluku)
53 New Caledonia (Grande Terre) 16,648 6,428  New Caledonia, special collectivity of  France
54 Bathurst Island 16,042[7] 6,194  Canada (Nunavut)
55 Prince Patrick Island 15,848[7] 6,119  Canada (Northwest Territories)
56 Thurston Island 15,700[9] 6,100 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
57 Nordaustlandet 14,467[10] 5,586  Norway (Svalbard)
58 Sumbawa 14,386 5,554  Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
59 October Revolution Island (Oktyabrskoy Revolyutsii) 14,204 5,484  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
60 Flores 14,154 5,465  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
61 King William Island 13,111[7] 5,062  Canada (Nunavut)
62 Negros 13,075 5,048  Philippines (Negros Island Region)
63 Samar 12,849 4,961  Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
64 Palawan 12,189 4,706  Philippines (MIMAROPA)
65 Panay 12,011 4,637  Philippines (Western Visayas)
66 Tupinambarana (now split into four islands) 11,850[9] 4,580  Brazil (Amazonas)
67 Yos Sudarso (Dolak) 11,742 4,534  Indonesia (Papua)
68 Bangka 11,413 4,407  Indonesia (Bangka-Belitung Islands)
69 Ellef Ringnes Island 11,295[7] 4,361  Canada (Nunavut)
70 Bolshevik Island 11,206 4,327  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
71 Jamaica 11,190 4,320  Jamaica
72 Bylot Island 11,067[7] 4,273  Canada (Nunavut)
73 Sumba 10,711 4,136  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
74 Mindoro 10,572 4,082  Philippines (MIMAROPA)
75 Viti Levu 10,531 4,066  Fiji
76 Hawai'i (Big Island) 10,434 4,029  United States (Hawaii)
77 Cape Breton Island 10,311[7] 3,981  Canada (Nova Scotia)

Islands (41 total) 5,000–9,999 km2 (1,931–3,861 sq mi)[edit]

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
78 Prince Charles Island 9,521[7] 3,676  Canada (Nunavut)
79 Bougainville Island 9,318 3,598  Papua New Guinea (Autonomous Region of Bougainville)
80 Kodiak Island 9,310 3,595[12]  United States (Alaska)
81 Cyprus 9,234 3,565  Cyprus,  Akrotiri and Dhekelia (Sovereign Base Areas of the United Kingdom), and  Northern Cyprus[Note 5]
82 Puerto Rico 9,100 3,500  Puerto Rico, insular area of the  United States
83 Komsomolets Island 8,812 3,402  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
84 Corsica 8,741 3,375  France (Corsica)
85 Qeqertarsuaq (Disko) 8,612 3,325  Greenland
86 Carney Island 8,500[9] 3,300 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
87 Chiloé Island 8,478 3,273  Chile (Los Lagos Region)
88 Buru 8,473 3,271  Indonesia (Maluku)
89 Crete 8,350 3,220  Greece (Crete)
90 Anticosti Island 7,941[7] 3,066  Canada (Quebec)
91 Roosevelt Island 7,910 3,050 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  New Zealand)
92 Wrangel Island (Vrangelya) 7,866 3,037  Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
93 New Ireland 7,405 2,859  Papua New Guinea
94 Leyte 7,368 2,845  Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
95 East Falkland 7,040 2,720  Falkland Islands, part of the British Overseas Territories
96 Zealand (Sjælland) 7,031[13] 2,715  Denmark (Zealand and Capital Region)
97 Cornwallis Island 6,995[7] 2,701  Canada (Nunavut)
98 Prince of Wales Island 6,675 2,577  United States (Alaska)
99 Kerguelen (main island) (Desolation Island) 6,617 2,555  French Southern and Antarctic Lands, overseas territory of  France
100 Siple Island 6,390 2,470 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
101 Graham Island 6,361[7] 2,456  Canada (British Columbia)
102 New Siberia (Novaya Sibir) 6,201 2,394  Russia (Sakha Republic)
103 Melville Island 5,765 2,226  Australia (Northern Territory)
104 Prince Edward Island 5,620[7] 2,170  Canada (Prince Edward Island)
105 Vanua Levu 5,587 2,157  Fiji (Northern Division)
106 Wellington Island 5,556 2,145  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
107 Coats Island 5,498[7] 2,123  Canada (Nunavut)
108 Bali 5,416 2,091  Indonesia (Bali)
109 Chichagof Island 5,388 2,080  United States (Alaska)
110 Guadalcanal 5,353 2,067  Solomon Islands
111 Amund Ringnes Island 5,255[7] 2,029  Canada (Nunavut)
112 Great Lyakhovsky Island (Bolshoy Lyakhovsky) 5,157 1,991  Russia (Sakha Republic)
113 St. Lawrence Island 5,135 1,983  United States (Alaska)
114 Riesco Island 5,110[14] 1,970  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
115 Edgeøya 5,073[10] 1,959  Norway (Svalbard)
116 Mackenzie King Island 5,048[7] 1,949  Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
117 Trinidad 5,009 1,934  Trinidad and Tobago
118 Caviana 5,000[14] 1,900  Brazil (Pará)

Islands (61 total) 2,500–4,999 km2 (965–1,930 sq mi)[edit]

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
119 Kolguyev Island 4,968 1,918  Russia (Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
120 Ilha Grande de Gurupá 4,864[14] 1,878  Brazil (Pará)
121 Isabela Island 4,711 1,819  Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
122 North Jutlandic Island (Vendsyssel-Thy) 4,685[13] 1,809  Denmark (North Denmark) (physically part of the Jutland peninsula until 1825)
123 Lombok 4,625 1,786  Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
124 West Falkland 4,531 1,749  Falkland Islands, part of the British Overseas Territories
125 Belitung 4,478 1,729  Indonesia (Bangka-Belitung Islands)
126 Cebu 4,468 1,725  Philippines (Central Visayas)
127 Adelaide Island 4,463 1,723 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
128 Stefansson Island 4,463[7] 1,723  Canada (Nunavut)
129 Madura Island 4,429 1,710  Indonesia (East Java)
130 Buton 4,408 1,702  Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
131 Kangaroo Island 4,374 1,689  Australia (South Australia)
132 Admiralty Island 4,362 1,684  United States (Alaska)
133 Nunivak Island 4,209[14] 1,625  United States (Alaska)
134 Unimak Island 4,119 1,590  United States (Alaska)
135 Hoste Island 4,117[14] 1,590  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
136 Spaatz Island 4,100[14] 1,600 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)
137 Baranof Island 4,065 1,570  United States (Alaska)
138 Nias 4,048 1,563  Indonesia (North Sumatra)
139 Espiritu Santo 3,956 1,527  Vanuatu
140 Milne Land 3,913 1,511  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm
141 Malaita 3,836 1,481  Solomon Islands
142 Siberut 3,829 1,478  Indonesia (West Sumatra)
143 Bohol 3,821 1,475  Philippines (Central Visayas)
144 South Georgia 3,718 1,436  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, part of the British Overseas Territories
145 Euboea (Evvoia) 3,707 1,431  Greece (Central Greece)
146 Santa Inés Island 3,688 1,424  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
147 Majorca 3,667 1,416  Spain (Balearic Islands)
148 Santa Isabel Island 3,665 1,415  Solomon Islands
149 Long Island 3,629[14] 1,401  United States (New York)
150 Socotra 3,607 1,393  Yemen
151 Wetar 3,600[14] 1,400  Indonesia (Maluku)
152 Traill Island 3,542 1,368  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm
153 Bear Island 3,500[14] 1,400 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
154 North Andros Island 3,439 1,328  Bahamas
155 Vaygach Island 3,329 1,285  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
156 Masbate Island 3,268[14] 1,262  Philippines (Bicol)
157 Iturup (Etorofu) 3,238 1,250  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast) (also claimed by  Japan (Hokkaidō region))
158 Makira (San Cristóbal) 3,190 1,230  Solomon Islands
159 Mansel Island 3,180[7] 1,230  Canada (Nunavut)
160 Yamdena 3,100[14] 1,200  Indonesia (Maluku)
161 Waigeo 3,060[14] 1,180  Indonesia (West Papua)
162 Akimiski Island 3,001[7] 1,159  Canada (Nunavut)
163 Gotland 2,994[15] 1,156  Sweden (Gotland)
164 Funen (Fyn) 2,985[13] 1,153  Denmark (Southern Denmark)
165 Choiseul Island 2,971 1,147  Solomon Islands
166 Revillagigedo Island 2,965 1,145  United States (Alaska)
167 Taliabu 2,913 1,125  Indonesia (North Maluku)
168 Muna Island 2,889 1,115  Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
169 Zemlya Georga 2,821 1,089  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
170 Kupreanof Island 2,813 1,086  United States (Alaska)
171 Borden Island 2,794[7] 1,079  Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
172 North Andaman Island 2,781 1,074  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
173 Manitoulin Island 2,766[16] 1,068  Canada (Ontario) (world's largest freshwater lake island)
174 Unalaska Island 2,722 1,051  United States (Alaska)
175 Saaremaa 2,672 1,032  Estonia (Saaremaa)
176 Moresby Island 2,608[7] 1,007  Canada (British Columbia)
177 James Ross Island 2,598 1,003 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
178 Obira 2,542 981  Indonesia (North Maluku)
179 Réunion 2,535 979  France (overseas department)

Islands (142 total) 1,000–2,499 km2 (386–965 sq mi)[edit]

This section of the list might not be complete, but covers almost all of the islands in the world over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi). The area of some Antarctic islands is uncertain.

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
180 Navarino Island 2,473[citation needed] 955  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
181 Paramushir 2,471[14] 954  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
182 Ross Island 2,460[14] 950 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  New Zealand)
183 Ymer Island 2,437 941  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm
184 Anvers Island 2,432 939 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
185 Karaginsky Island 2,404[citation needed] 928  Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
186 Cornwall Island 2,358[7] 910  Canada (Nunavut)
187 Peleng 2,346 906  Indonesia (Central Sulawesi)
188 Groote Eylandt 2,285 882  Australia (Northern Territory)
189 Yapen 2,278 880  Indonesia (Papua)
190 Morotai 2,266 875  Indonesia (North Maluku)
191 Princess Royal Island 2,251[7] 869  Canada (British Columbia)
192 Isla de la Juventud 2,237 864  Cuba
193 Wilczek Land 2,203[citation needed] 851  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
194 Hinnøya 2,198[10] 849  Norway (Nordland and Troms)
195 Nelson Island 2,183[citation needed] 843  United States (Alaska)
196 Richards Island 2,165[7] 836  Canada (Northwest Territories)
197 Trangan 2,149 830  Indonesia (Maluku)
198 Alor Island 2,120 820  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
199 Margarita Island 2,100 810  Colombia (an inland fluvial island in the Magdalena River, not to be confused with the Caribbean Venezuelan island)
200 Lewis and Harris 2,086 805  United Kingdom (Scotland)
201 Laut Island 2,057 794  Indonesia (South Kalimantan)
202 Malakula 2,041 788  Vanuatu
203 New Georgia 2,037 786  Solomon Islands
204 Misool 2,034 785  Indonesia (West Papua)
205 Magdalena Island 2,025 782  Chile (Aysén Region)
206 René-Levasseur Island 2,020[16] 780  Canada (Quebec) (largest artificial island)
207 Tenerife 2,008 775  Spain (Canary Islands)
208 Ayon Island 2,000[citation needed] 770  Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
209 Kuiu Island 1,962 758  United States (Alaska)
210 Manus Island 1,940 750  Papua New Guinea
211 Bioko 1,935 747  Equatorial Guinea
212 Biak 1,904 735  Indonesia (Papua)
213 Maui 1,903 735  United States (Hawaii)
214 Bacan 1,900 730  Indonesia (North Maluku)
215 Žitný ostrov 1,886[citation needed] 728  Slovakia
216 Mauritius 1,874 724  Mauritius
217 Fraser Island 1,840[17] 710  Australia (Queensland) (world's largest sand island)
218 Jejudo 1,826[18] 705  South Korea
219 Stewart Island/Rakiura 1,815 701  New Zealand
220 Bely Island 1,810 700  Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
221 Afognak 1,809 698  United States (Alaska)
222 Umnak 1,793 692  United States (Alaska)
223 Bolshoy Shantar Island 1,766 682  Russia (Khabarovsk Krai)
224 Bolshoy Begichev Island 1,764 681  Russia (Sakha Republic)
225 Simeulue 1,754 677  Indonesia (Aceh)
226 Kobroor 1,723 665  Indonesia (Maluku)
227 Air Force Island 1,720[7] 660  Canada (Nunavut)
228 Natuna Besar 1,720[citation needed] 660  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
229 Savai'i 1,718 663  Samoa
230 Geographical Society Island 1,717 663  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm
231 Bathurst Island 1,692 653  Australia (Northern Territory)
232 Bering Island 1,660[citation needed] 640  Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
233 Skye 1,659 641  United Kingdom (Scotland)
234 Lesbos (Lesvos) 1,641 634  Greece (North Aegean)
235 Soisalo 1,635[19] 631  Finland (Northern Savonia and Southern Savonia) (not a true island: the surrounding lakes are of different levels)
236 Fuerteventura 1,633 631  Spain (Canary Islands)
237 Salawati 1,623 627  Indonesia (West Papua)
238 Great Inagua 1,615 624  Bahamas
239 Kunashir Island 1,612 622  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast) (also claimed by  Japan (Hokkaidō region))
240 Joinville Island 1,607 620 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
241 Tanahbesar (Wokam) 1,604 619  Indonesia (Maluku)
242 Rantau 1,598 617  Indonesia (Riau)
243 Senja 1,590[10] 610  Norway (Troms)
244 Flaherty Island 1,585[7] 612  Canada (Nunavut)
245 Oahu 1,583 611  United States (Hawaii)
246 Zanzibar (Unguja) 1,575 608  Tanzania
247 Graham Bell Island 1,557 601  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
248 Eglinton Island 1,541[7] 595  Canada (Northwest Territories)
249 Middle Andaman Island 1,536[18] 593  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
250 Clavering Island 1,535 593  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm
251 Gran Canaria 1,530 590  Spain (Canary Islands)
252 Pioneer Island 1,527 590  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
253 Great Karimun 1,524 588  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
254 Catanduanes 1,523 588  Philippines
255 Charcot Island 1,500[citation needed] 580 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)
256 Rupat 1,490 580  Indonesia (Riau)
257 Qeshm 1,488 575  Iran
258 Nares Land 1,466 566  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm
259 South Andros Island 1,448 559  Bahamas
260 Bhola Island 1,441[citation needed] 556  Bangladesh
261 Fergusson Island 1,437 555  Papua New Guinea
262 Urup 1,437 555  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
263 Kauai 1,435 554  United States (Hawaii)
264 São Luís Island 1,410[citation needed] 540  Brazil (Maranhão)
265 Rhodes 1,410 540  Greece (South Aegean)
266 King George Island 1,384 534 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
267 Graham Island 1,378[7] 532  Canada (Nunavut)
268 Pitt Island 1,375[7] 531  Canada (British Columbia)
269 Nottingham Island 1,372[7] 530  Canada (Nunavut)
270 Desolación Island 1,352 522  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
271 Ramree Island 1,350[18] 520  Myanmar
272 Flinders Island 1,330 510  Australia (Tasmania)
273 Öland 1,347[15] 520  Sweden (Kalmar)
274 Lougheed Island 1,308[7] 505  Canada (Nunavut)
275 Dawson Island 1,290 500  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
276 Barentsøya (Barents) 1,288[20] 497  Norway (Svalbard)
277 Lembata (Lomblen) 1,270 490  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
278 Chongming Island 1,267[citation needed] 489  People's Republic of China (Shanghai Municipality)
279 Basilan 1,266 489  Philippines (Muslim Mindanao and Zamboanga Peninsula)
280 Shannon Island 1,259 486  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm
281 Mill Island 1,258 486 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  Australia)
282 Morfil 1,250 480  Senegal
283 Lolland 1,243[13] 480  Denmark (Zealand)
284 Mangole Island 1,229 475  Indonesia (North Maluku)
285 New Hanover Island (Lavongai) 1,227 474  Papua New Guinea
286 Rote Island 1,227 474  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
287 South Andaman Island 1,211 468  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
288 Okinawa Island 1,200 460  Japan (Ryukyu Islands)
289 Oleniy Island 1,197 462  Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
290 Tiburón Island 1,190 460  Mexico (Sonora)
291 Campana Island 1,188 459  Chile (Aisén Region)
292 Bintan Island 1,173 453  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
293 Martinique 1,167 451  France (overseas department)
294 Aracena Island 1,164 449  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
295 Sherman Island 1,159 447 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
296 Byam Martin Island 1,150[7] 440  Canada (Nunavut)
297 Great Abaco 1,146 442  Bahamas
298 Lifou Island 1,146 442  New Caledonia, special collectivity of  France
299 Wales Island 1,137[7] 439  Canada (Nunavut)
300 Île Vanier 1,126[7] 435  Canada (Nunavut)
301 Upolu 1,125 434  Samoa
302 King Island 1,121 433  Australia (Tasmania)
303 Clarence Island 1,111 429  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
304 Padang Island 1,109 428  Indonesia (Riau)
305 Grand Bahama 1,096 423  Bahamas
306 Alexandra Land (Zemlya Aleksandry) 1,095 423  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
307 Rowley Island 1,090[7] 420  Canada (Nunavut)
308 Hecla Island 1,084[21] 419  Canada (Manitoba)
309 Tahiti 1,069 413  French Polynesia, overseas collectivity of  France
310 Sääminginsalo 1,069[19] 413  Finland (Southern Savonia) (not a true island because it is detached from the mainland by an artificial canal)
311 Serrano Island 1,063 410  Chile (Aisén Region)
312 Atka Island 1,061 410  United States (Alaska)
313 Cameron Island 1,059[7] 409  Canada (Nunavut)
314 Gallya (Hall Island) 1,049 405  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
315 Madre de Dios Island 1,043 403  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
316 Normanby Island 1,040 400  Papua New Guinea
317 Hiiumaa 1,031 398  Estonia (Hiiumaa)
318 Resolution Island 1,015[7] 392  Canada (Nunavut)
319 Grande Comore 1,013 391  Comoros
320 Mornington Island 1,002[citation needed] 387  Australia (Queensland)
321 Smyley Island 1,000[citation needed] 390 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)

Islands (189 total) 500–999 km2 (193–386 sq mi)[edit]

This section of the list is not complete, although it should cover all European islands over 500 km2 (190 sq mi) and most islands of other continents.

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[4]
Area
(sq mi)
Country or countries
322 Vansittart Island 997[7] 385  Canada (Nunavut)
323 Maya Karimata 992 383  Indonesia (West Kalimantan)
324 Santiago 991[citation needed] 383  Cape Verde
325 Banks Island 990[7] 380  Canada (British Columbia)
326 Santa Cruz 979 378  Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
327 Brabant Island 977 377 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
328 Maly Lyakhovsky Island 976 377  Russia (Sakha Republic)
329 Livingston Island 974 376 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
330 Shetland Mainland 970[citation needed] 370  United Kingdom (Scotland)
331 Flevopolder 970[citation needed] 370  Netherlands (Flevoland)
332 Salisbury Island 960 370  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
333 Isla Margarita 957 369  Venezuela
334 Great Nicobar Island 956 369  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
335 Meighen Island 955[7] 369  Canada (Nunavut)
336 Isla Ángel de la Guarda 945 365  Mexico (Baja California)
337 Russell Island 940[7] 360  Canada (Nunavut)
338 Umboi Island 930 360  Papua New Guinea
339 Bengkalis 929 359  Indonesia (Riau)
340 Rügen 926[22] 358  Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern)
341 Jens Munk Island 920[7] 360  Canada (Nunavut)
342 Marinduque 916 354  Philippines (MIMAROPA)
343 Rangsang 908 351  Indonesia (Riau)
344 Akpatok Island 903[7] 349  Canada (Nunavut)
345 Efate 900 350  Vanuatu
346 South Pagai 900 350  Indonesia (West Sumatra)
347 Attu Island 896 346  United States (Alaska)
348 Pemba Island 890 340  Tanzania (Zanzibar)
349 Busuanga Island 890[citation needed] 340  Philippines (Palawan)
350 Lingga Island 889 343  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
351 Erromango 888 343  Vanuatu
352 Mull 886 342  United Kingdom (Scotland)
353 Cape Cod 880 339[23]  United States (Massachusetts)
354 Basse-Terre Island 876 338  France (Guadeloupe, overseas department)
355 Woodlark Island (Muyua) 874 337  Papua New Guinea
356 Kabaena 873 337  Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
357 Etolin Island 870 340  United States (Alaska)
358 Jolo 869 336  Philippines (Muslim Mindanao)
359 Vanatinai (Sudest) 866 334  Papua New Guinea
360 Melchor Island 864 334  Chile (Aisén Region)
361 Bubiyan Island 863[citation needed] 333  Kuwait
362 Langøya 860[10] 330  Norway (Nordland)
363 Sado Island 855[citation needed] 330  Japan (Chūbu region)
364 São Tomé Island 855 330  São Tomé and Príncipe
365 Sibiryakov Island 847 327  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
366 Karakelong 846 327  Indonesia (North Sulawesi)
367 Tablas Island 839[citation needed] 324  Philippines (MIMAROPA)
368 Chios (Khios) 823 318  Greece (North Aegean)
369 Sørøya 816[10] 315  Norway (Finnmark)
370 Hanover Island 812 314  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
371 King Island 808[7] 312  Canada (British Columbia)
372 Ambon Island 806 311  Indonesia (Maluku)
373 Salisbury Island 804[7] 310  Canada (Nunavut)
374 Sangmissoq 803 310  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm
375 Big Island 803[7] 310  Canada (Nunavut)
376 Lanzarote 791 305  Spain (Canary Islands)
377 White Island 789[7] 305  Canada (Nunavut)
378 Santo Antão 787 304  Cape Verde
379 Dominica 787 304  Dominica
380 Cayo Romano 777 300  Cuba
381 Cephalonia (Kefalonia) 775 299  Greece (Ionian Islands)
382 Ammassalik Island 772 298  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm
383 Dinagat Island 769 297  Philippines (Caraga)
384 São Miguel Island 769 297  Portugal (Azores)
385 Grant Island 768 297 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
386 Brock Island 764[7] 295  Canada (Northwest Territories)
387 Prat Island 761 294  Chile (Aisén Region)
388 Singkep 757 292  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
389 Dahlak Kebir (Dehalak Deset) 755 292  Eritrea (Dahlak Archipelago)
390 Madeira Island 749 289  Portugal (Madeira)
391 Mezhdusharsky Island 748[citation needed] 289  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
392 Chatham Island 745 288  New Zealand
393 Gonâve Island (La Gonâve) 743[citation needed] 287  Haiti
394 Kvaløya 737[10] 285  Norway (Troms)
395 Olkhon Island 730[24] 280  Russia (Irkutsk Oblast)
396 Adak Island 725 280  United States (Alaska)
397 Montague Island 722 279  United States (Alaska)
398 Pantar 720 280  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
399 Wowoni Island 715 276  Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
400 Amami Ōshima 712 275  Japan (Kyūshū region)
401 Little Andaman 710 270  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
402 Pulau Ujong (Singapore Island) 710[citation needed] 270  Singapore
403 Tsushima Island 709[citation needed] 274  Japan (Kyūshū region)
404 Latady Island 700[citation needed] 270 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina (partial),  Chile and  United Kingdom)
405 Chatham Island 696 269  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
406 Komoran 695 268  Indonesia (Papua)
407 Drygalski Island 694 268 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  Australia)
408 Minorca 692 267  Spain (Balearic Islands)
409 La Palma 690 270  Spain (Canary Islands)
410 Bray Island 689[7] 266  Canada (Nunavut)
411 Kolombangara 688 266  Solomon Islands
412 Goodenough Island 687 265  Papua New Guinea
413 Fasta Åland 685[19] 264  Finland (Åland Islands)
414 Buka Island 682 263  Papua New Guinea
415 Kvitøya 682[20] 263  Norway (Svalbard)
416 Ambrym 678 262  Vanuatu
417 Molokai 678 262  United States (Hawaii)
418 Bahrain Island 673 260  Bahrain
419 Selayar Island 666 257  Indonesia (South Sulawesi)
420 Rennell Island 660 250  Solomon Islands
421 Supiori Island 659 254  Indonesia (Papua)
422 Maré Island 657 254  New Caledonia, special collectivity of  France
423 Ringvassøy 656[10] 253  Norway (Troms)
424 Alluttoq Island 655 253  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm
425 Dall Island 655 253  United States (Alaska)
426 Anglesey (Ynys Môn) 654 253  United Kingdom (Wales)
427 Masirah Island 649[citation needed] 251  Oman
428 King Christian Island 645[7] 249  Canada (Nunavut)
429 Londonderry Island 643 248  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
430 Saint Lucia 640 250  Saint Lucia
431 Grande-Terre 639 247  France (Guadeloupe, overseas department)
432 Foley Island 637[7] 246  Canada (Nunavut)
433 Boa Vista 634 245  Cape Verde
434 Kuhn Island 634 245  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm
435 Samosir 630[24] 240  Indonesia (North Sumatra) (the largest island on another island - Sumatra)
436 Fernandina Island 629 243  Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
437 Polillo Island 629 243  Philippines (Calabarzon)
438 Vella Lavella 629 243  Solomon Islands
439 Corfu (Kerkira) 626 242  Greece (Ionian Islands)
440 Contreras Island 626 242  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
441 Dirk Hartog Island 625 241  Australia (Western Australia)
442 North Pagai 622 240  Indonesia (West Sumatra)
443 Islay 620 240  United Kingdom (Scotland)
444 Salsette Island 619[citation needed] 239  India (Maharashtra)
445 Benjamin Island 618 239  Chile (Aisén Region)
446 Renaud Island 618 239 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
447 Store Koldewey 616 238  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm
448 Prins Karls Forland 615[20] 237  Norway (Svalbard)
449 MacKlintok Island 612[citation needed] 236  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
450 Sipura 601 232  Indonesia (West Sumatra)
451 Sherbro Island 600 230[citation needed]  Sierra Leone
452 Awaji Island 592[citation needed] 229  Japan (Kansai region)
453 Gordon Island 591 228  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
454 North Kent Island 590[7] 230  Canada (Nunavut)
455 Bornholm 588[13] 227  Denmark (Capital Region)
456 Masson Island 585 226 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  Australia)
457 Hendrik Island 583 225  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm
458 Tawi-Tawi 581 224  Philippines (Muslim Mindanao)
459 Ibiza 577 223  Spain (Balearic Islands)
460 Santiago (San Salvador) 577 223  Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
461 Isle of Man 573 221  Isle of Man,  United Kingdom crown dependency
462 Hitra 572[10] 221  Norway (Sør-Trøndelag)
463 Patricio Lynch Island 561 217  Chile (Aisén Region)
464 Guimaras 560 220  Philippines (Western Visayas)
465 Wrangell Island 560 220  United States (Alaska)
466 Seiland 559[10] 216  Norway (Finnmark)
467 Elephant Island 558 215 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
468 Sanana Island 558[citation needed] 215  Indonesia (North Maluku)
469 Tanna 555 214  Vanuatu
470 Sangir Island 552 213  Indonesia (North Sulawesi)
471 Kai Besar 550 210  Indonesia (Maluku)
472 Emerald Isle 549[7] 212  Canada (Northwest Territories)
473 San Cristóbal Island 547 211  Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
474 Mitkof Island 546 211  United States (Alaska)
475 Phuket 543 210  Thailand
476 Guam 541 209  Guam, territory of the  United States
477 Upernivik Island 541 209  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm
478 Isle Royale 541[24] 209  United States (Michigan)
479 Orkney Mainland 540 210  United Kingdom (Scotland)
480 Padre Island 540 209[25]  United States (Texas)
481 Cozumel 539 208  Mexico (Quintana Roo)
482 Long Island 538 208  Bahamas
483 Jorge Montt Island 537 207  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
484 Belkovsky Island 535 207  Russia (Sakha Republic)
485 Ukerewe Island 530[24] 200  Tanzania
486 Mornington Island 529 204  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
487 Tanaga Island 529 204  United States (Alaska)
488 Austvågøy 527[10] 203  Norway (Nordland)
489 Kimitoön Island 524[19] 202  Finland (Southwest Finland)
490 Cheduba Island 523[citation needed] 202  Myanmar
491 Djerba (Jerba) 523 202  Tunisia
492 Duke of York Island 522 202  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
493 Porcher Island 521[7] 201  Canada (British Columbia)
494 Jackson Island (Dzheksona) 521 201  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
495 Traiguen Island 520 200  Chile (Aisén Region)
496 Esmeralda Island 515 199  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
497 Andøya 511 197  Norway (Nordland)
498 Nootka Island 510[7] 200  Canada (British Columbia)
499 Adonara 509 197  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
500 Vangunu 509 197  Solomon Islands
501 Acklins 508 196  Bahamas
502 Nendo Island 506 195  Solomon Islands
503 Yakushima 505[citation needed] 195  Japan (Kyūshū region)
504 Coiba 503[citation needed] 194  Panama
505 Zhoushan Island 503[citation needed] 194  People's Republic of China (Zhejiang Province)
506 Biliran 501 193  Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
507 Isla de los Estados 501 193  Argentina (Patagonia Region)
508 Long Island 500 190  Papua New Guinea
509 Hearst Island 500[citation needed] 190 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
510 Rothschild Island 500[citation needed] 190 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Antarctica is a special case: if its ice is considered not as land, but as water, it is not a single land mass, but several land areas of much smaller area, since the ice-bedrock boundary is below sea level in many regions of the continent. If its ice cover were to be lifted, some rock that is currently below sea level would rise as the weight of the ice would be removed,[1] although this would in part be counteracted, and in some areas of the continent overtaken, by eustatic rises in sea level.[2]
  2. ^ Australia is more than three times the size of Greenland, the largest island. Australia is sometimes dubbed "The Island Continent", and sometimes accorded the role of "Earth’s largest island but smallest continent".[3]
  3. ^ It is thought that beneath the ice sheet Greenland may be three separate islands.[5] Whether the places where the ice-bedrock boundary reaches below the sea level are land or sea is a matter of definition. The usual definition is that Greenland is one major island.
  4. ^ The Republic of China (ROC) is a state commonly referred to as Taiwan. It is also diplomatically occasionally known as Chinese Taipei or other names. The ROC is no longer a United Nations member since late 1971 and regarded by UN as Taiwan, Province of China (see also One-China policy and Political status of Taiwan). It is currently recognized by the Holy See and 23 UN member states and with de facto international relations with most others. Taiwan keeps substantial cultural , economic, and military relations with the United States, Japan, EU countries among major states. The political status of the ROC and the legal status of Taiwan (alongside the territories under the ROC jurisdiction since 1945) are in dispute. The ROC should not be confused with the People's Republic of China (PRC) which is usually referred to as China, or the Republic of Taiwan proposed by supporters of Taiwan independence.
  5. ^ The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus claims and controls one third of the island of Cyprus, although this is not recognised by any country except Turkey.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Global warming and the stability of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, Michael Oppenheimer, 1998 (see map of Antarctica showing regions where bedrock is below sea level)
  2. ^ Jonathan L. Bamber; River; Vermeersen; LeBrocq (May 2009). "Reassessment of the Potential Sea-Level Rise from a Collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet". Science 324 (59295): 901–903. doi:10.1126/science.1169335. PMID 19443778. Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "Australia in Brief - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Dfat.gov.au. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Islands By Land Area". Islands.unep.ch. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  5. ^ "Greenland's huge ice sheet is melting far faster than scientists expected", San Francisco Chronicle, 2 July 2006.
  6. ^ "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Continent or Island?". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm "Atlas of Canada - Sea Islands". Atlas.nrcan.gc.ca. 2009-08-12. Archived from the original on 2013-01-22. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  8. ^ Nolan, Professor William. "Geography of Ireland". Government of Ireland. Retrieved 2009-11-11. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of the World". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Statistisk ĺrbok 2009: Geografisk oversikt" (in Norwegian). Ssb.no. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  11. ^ Monthly Bulletin of Interior Statistics 2011.12, Department of Statistics, Ministry of the Interior, R.O.C.
  12. ^ Dunham, Mike (July 31, 2010). "Turns out Kodiak is largest U.S. island, depending on viewpoint". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  13. ^ a b c d e "Kort & Matrikelstyrelsen - Střrste řer". 2003-09-23. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of the World by Region". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  15. ^ a b Öar i Sverige Islands in Sweden
  16. ^ a b "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Lake Islands of the World". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  17. ^ World Heritage Places - Fraser Island
  18. ^ a b c "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of Selected Countries". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  19. ^ a b c d "Suomen suurimmat saaret". Kauko Huotari. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  20. ^ a b c "Svalbard Statistics 2005" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  21. ^ Hecla / Grindstone Provincial Park
  22. ^ Wurlitzer, Bernd (2006). Rügen (in German) (11 ed.). Mair Dumont Marco Polo. p. 15. ISBN 3-8297-0171-3. 
  23. ^ Local Cape Cod Information
  24. ^ a b c d Largest Lake Islands
  25. ^ Padre Island at The Handbook of Texas

References[edit]