List of islands by population

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This is a list of islands in the world ordered by population, which includes all islands with population greater than 100,000. For comparison, continental landmasses are also shown, in italics. The population of the world's islands is over 730 million, approximately 11% of the world's total population. Of those, only Java and Honshu have populations over 1% of the global population.

Islands ordered by population[edit]

Due to the complicated nature of determining exactly what constitutes a geographic island, versus an administrative region, please see comments for what is included in figures, as some islands include nearby ones. However, this practice is not advised.

World map showing the locations of the world's most populated islands
Java
Java
Honshu
Honshu
Great Britain
Great Britain
Luzon
Luzon
Sumatra
Sumatra
Madagascar
Madagascar
Mindanao
Mindanao
Mainland Australia
Mainland Australia
Taiwan
Taiwan
Borneo
Borneo
Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Hispaniola
Hispaniola
Sulawesi
Sulawesi
Salsette
Salsette
Kyūshū
Kyūshū
New Guinea
New Guinea
Cuba
Cuba
World's most populated islands (10 million+ inhabitants)

Population over 10 million[edit]

Ranking Island Population Density
(/km²)
Country
Afro-Eurasia 6,151,810,000 (2013) 72.4
Americas 1,001,559,000 (2016) 23.5
1 Java 141,370,000 (2015) [1][2] 1,117  Indonesia
2 Honshū 104,000,000 (2010) [3][4] 451.8  Japan
3 Great Britain 64,163,534 (2017) [5] 306.5  United Kingdom
4 Luzon 60,770,440 (2018) 480  Philippines
5 Sumatra 58,455,800 (2019)[6][7] 123.46  Indonesia
6 Madagascar 25,571,000 (2017) 43.5  Madagascar
7 Mindanao 25,537,691 (2018)[8] 261.4  Philippines
Mainland Australia 24,377,200 c. (2018) 3.2  Australia
8 Taiwan 23,461,708 (2015 estimate)[9] 657  Republic of China
9 Borneo 21,258,000 (2014)[9][10][11][12] 26.3  Indonesia (Kalimantan),  Brunei,  Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak)
10 Sri Lanka (Ceylon) 21,203,000 (2016)[13] 310  Sri Lanka
11 Hispaniola 21,107,000 (2016) 277  Dominican Republic,  Haiti
12 Sulawesi (Celebes) 18,455,058 (2014)[9][14] 97  Indonesia
13 Salsette 15,111,974 (2012)[9][15] 24,414  India (Maharashtra)
14 Kyūshū 13,200,000 (2010)[3][16] 371  Japan
15 New Guinea 11,818,000 (2014 RI, 2015 PNG)[17][18] 15  Papua New Guinea and  Indonesia (Western New Guinea)
16 Cuba 11,167,325 (2012)[9][19] 103.3  Cuba

Population 1,000,000 to 10,000,000[edit]

Ranking Island Population Country
17 Hainan 9,035,000 (2014E)[20]  China
18 Long Island 7,838,822 (2015)[21]  United States ( New York)
19 Ireland 6,380,661 (2008)[22][23]  Republic of Ireland and  United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
20 Pulau Ujong 5,607,300 (2016)[24]  Singapore
21 Hokkaidō 5,383,579 (2015C) [3]  Japan
22 Sicily 5,017,000 (2007)[25]  Italy ( Sicily)
23 Negros 4,414,131 (2015)[26]  Philippines
24 Panay 4,307,000 (2015)[27][28]  Philippines
25 Bali 4,225,384 (2014)  Indonesia
26 Cebu 4,164,535 (2016)[29]  Philippines
27 Shikoku 3,815,000 (2015)[3]  Japan
28 Madura 3,622,000 (2010)[9]  Indonesia
29 North Island 3,702,300 (June 2018).[30]  New Zealand
30 Puerto Rico 3,474,182 (2015)[31]  Puerto Rico (territory of the  United States)
31 Lombok 3,311,044 (2014) [32]  Indonesia
32 Timor 3,182,693 (2014)[33][34][35]  Indonesia and  East Timor
33 Jamaica 2,950,210 (2015)[33]  Jamaica
34 Zhongshan Island 2,890,000 (2015)[9][33][36]  China and  Macau
35 Zealand 2,287,740 (2017)[37][38]  Denmark
36 Leyte 2,388,518 (2015)[27]  Philippines
37 Xiamen Island 2,040,000 (2017 estimate)[39][40]  China (Fujian)
38 Island of Montreal 2,014,221 (2016E on 2011C data)[41][42]  Canada ( Quebec)
39 Flores 1,831,000 (2010)[32]  Indonesia
40 Bhola Island 1,758,000 (2011)[9][43]  Bangladesh
41 Samar 1,751,267 (2010)[44][45]  Philippines
42 Sardinia 1,659,000 (2007) [25]  Italy ( Sardinia)
43 Manhattan Island 1,619,090 (2012)[21]  United States ( New York)
44 Haizhu 1,558,663 (2010 census)[46]  China (Guangdong)
45 São Luís 1,381,459 (2014 estimate)[47]  Brazil (Maranhão)
46 Sumbawa 1,391,340 (2014)[48]  Indonesia
47 Mindoro 1,331,473 (2015)[27]  Philippines
48 Okinawa Island 1,301,000 (2015)[3]  Japan
49 Trinidad 1,267,145 (2011 Census)[49]  Trinidad and Tobago
50 Hong Kong Island 1,253,417 (2016C)[50]  Hong Kong
51 Mauritius 1,219,265 (2014)[51]  Mauritius
52 Bohol 1,211,000 (2015)[52]  Philippines
53 Batam 1,153,860 (2012 BPS Civil Survey)[53]  Indonesia
54 Bahrain Island 1,095,000 (2014E)[54]  Bahrain
55 Cyprus 1,088,503 (2010 estimate)[55]  Cyprus,  Akrotiri and Dhekelia (UK),  Northern Cyprus (Recognised only by Turkey)
56 South Island 1,138,000 (June 2018).[30]  New Zealand

Population 500,000 to 1,000,000[edit]

Ranking Island Population Country
57 Oahu 976,372 (2012)[21]  United States ( Hawaii)
58 Bangka 960,692 (2010) [32]  Indonesia
59 Tenerife 906,854 (2010 census)  Spain ( Canary Islands)
60 Unguja (Zanzibar Island) 896,721 (2012 Census)[56]  Tanzania ( Zanzibar)
61 Palawan 886,308 (2015 census)  Philippines
62 Majorca 862,397 (2009 census)  Spain ( Balearic Islands)
63 Penang Island 860,000 (2010 estimate)  Malaysia
64 Gran Canaria 838,397 (2009 census)  Spain ( Canary Islands)
65 Réunion 837,868 (2012 estimate)[57]  France
66 Cangshan 762,746 (2010 census)[58]  China (Fujian)
67 São Vicente 760,000[59]  Brazil ( São Paulo)
68 Nias 756,338 (2010 Census) [60]  Indonesia
69 Vancouver Island 748,937 (2009 estimate)[61]  Canada ( British Columbia)
70 Masbate 706,897 (2015 census)  Philippines
71 Sumba 686,113 (2010 Census)[60]  Indonesia ( East Nusa Tenggara)
72 Viti Levu 661,997 (2007 Census)[62]  Fiji
73 Crete 623,065 (2011 Census)  Greece
74 Jeju 621,550 (2014 estimate)[63]  South Korea
75 Chongming 615,297 (2013 census)[64]  China (Shanghai)
76 Phuket 525,018 (2010)[65]  Thailand
77 New Britain 513,926 (2011 census)[66]  Papua New Guinea
78 Tasmania 507,626 (2010 estimate)  Australia
79 Zhoushan 502,667 (2000 census)[67]  China (Zhejiang)
80 Newfoundland 502,273 (2016E basis 2011 census)[68]  Canada ( Newfoundland and Labrador)

Population 100,000 to 500,000[edit]

Ranking Island Population Country
81 Staten Island 474,558 (2016 estimate)  United States ( New York City,  New York)
82 Sakhalin 471,515 (2014 Estimate)[69]  Russia
83 Halmahera 449,938 (2010 Census) [17][70]  Indonesia
84 Jolo 530,000(2015 census)  Philippines
85 Buton 447,408 (2010 Census) [60]  Indonesia
86 Funen 466,284 (2010 estimate)  Denmark
87 Ambon 441,000 (2010 Census)[60]  Indonesia
88 Margarita Island 489,917 (2014 estimate)[71]  Venezuela
89 Seram 434,113 (2010 Census) [60]  Indonesia
90 Île Jésus 429,413 (2016E basis 2011 census)[72]  Canada ( Quebec)
90 IJsselmonde 423,000  Netherlands
91 Santa Catarina 420,000[73]  Brazil (Santa Catarina)
92 Pemba 406,808 (2012 Census)[56]  Tanzania
93 Sandwip 400,000  Bangladesh
94 Basilan 459,367 (2015 census)  Philippines
95 Martinique 390,371 (2012 estimate)[57]  France (Martinique)
96 Malta 386,057 (2011 estimate)[74]  Malta
97 Mactan 467,824 (2015 census)  Philippines
98 Marajó 383,336 (2014 estimate)[75]  Brazil (Pará)
99 Grande Comore 369,600 (2012 estimate)[76]  Comoros
100 Pingtan (Haitan) 357,760 (2010 census)[58]  China (Fujian)
101 Ukerewe Island 345,147 (2012 Census)[56][77]  Tanzania
102 Yangzhong 334,977 (2010 census)  China (Jiangsu)
103 Bintan 329,659 (2010 Census)[60]  Indonesia
104 Iceland 325,671 (2014 estimate—whole country)[78]  Iceland
105 Maheshkhali 321,218 (2011 Census)[79]  Bangladesh
106 Flevopolder 344,521 (2018 estimate Flevoland w/o Noordopolder)[80]  Netherlands (Flevoland)
107 Corsica 316,578 (2012 estimate)[57]  France
108 Santo Amaro (Guarujá) 308,989 (2014 estimate) [81]  Brazil (São Paulo)
109 Anjouan 306,800 (2012 estimate)[76]  Comoros
110 Vendsyssel-Thy 306,373 (2003)  Denmark
111 Vitória 300,000[82]  Brazil (Espirito Santo)
112 Chengār 292,057 (2011 Census)[83]  Bangladesh
113 Abu Dhabi (island) 280,385  United Arab Emirates
114 Barbados 279,254 (2005 estimate)  Barbados
115 Muna 268,140 (2010 Census) [60]  Indonesia
116 Santiago 290,280 (2014 estimate)[84]  Cape Verde
117 Madeira 262,456 (2011 Census)  Portugal
118 Belitung 262,357 (2010 census) [60]  Indonesia
119 Grande Terre 247,669 (2014 estimate)[85]  New Caledonia (sui generis collectivity of  France)
120 Geoje Island 241,711 (2010 Census) [63]  South Korea
121 Bushrod 234,596 (1996)[86]  Liberia
122 Bougainville 234,280 (2011 census)[66]  Papua New Guinea
123 Marinduque 227,828 (2010)  Philippines
124 Lagos Island 212,700(2006 Census)[87]  Nigeria
125 Governador Island 212,574 (2010C adm dist including nearby island)[88]  Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)
126 New Providence 210,832 (2000 census)  Bahamas
127 Euboea 210,815 (2011 Census)  Greece
128 Lulu Island 206,300  Canada ( British Columbia)
129 Vasilievsky Island 202,650 (2002 census).[89]  Russia
130 Grande-Terre 197,603 (2006 census)  France (Guadeloupe)
131 New Ireland 194,067 (2011 estimate, whole province)[66]  Papua New Guinea
132 Tarakan 193,370 (2010 Census)[60]  Indonesia ( East Kalimantan)
134 Tsing Yi 191,500 (2015 proj)[90]  Hong Kong
135 Dongchong Island 191,019 (2010 Census)[91]  China (Guangdong)
136 Hawaii (island) 190,821 (2013 factfinder)  United States ( Hawaii)
137 Muharraq 188,597 (2010)[92]  Bahrain
138 Grande Terre 188,442 (2012 estimate)[93]  France (Mayotte)
139 Raghopur 187,722 (2001 census)  India
140 Chiloé 186,933 (2016P census)[94]  Chile
141 Basse-Terre 186,661 (2006 census)  France (Guadeloupe)
142 Ternate 185,705 (2010 Census)[60]  Indonesia ( North Maluku)
143 Jinshazhou 183,000 (2010 Census)[91]  China (Guangdong)
144 South Andaman Island 181,949 (2001 census)[95]  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
145 Tahiti 178,133 (2007 census)  French Polynesia (overseas collectivity of  France)
146 Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego 172,797[96]  Argentina and  Chile
147 São Tomé 171,856 (2012 estimate)[97]  São Tomé and Príncipe
148 Voorne-Putten 170,411 (2002)  Netherlands
- Pulau Petak over 170,000 in 2010[98]  Indonesia
149 Carmen, Campeche 169,466 (2010 Census)[99]  Mexico
150 Majuli 167,304 (2011 census)[100]  India (Assam)
151 Csepel Island 165,000 (2017 estimate)[101]  Hungary ( Budapest)
152 Buru 162,116 (2010 Census) [60]  Indonesia ( Maluku)
153 Guimaras 162,943 (2010)  Philippines
154 Saint Lucia 166,526 (2010 census)[102]  Saint Lucia
155 Shawan Island 161,390 (2010 census)[91]  China (Guangdong)
156 Maui 160,202 (2013 census factfinder)[21]  United States (Hawaii)
157 Amager 160,064 (2006 estimate)  Denmark
158 Guam 160,000  United States
159 Guadalcanal 158,222 (2009 census includes Honiara and Guadacanal Prov.)[103]  Solomon Islands
160 Tablas 158,050 (2010)  Philippines
161 Biliran 155,061 (2010)  Philippines
162 Malé 153,379 (2014 estimate)  Maldives
163 Qeshm 148,993 (2016C, entire county)[104]  Iran
129 Portsea Island 205,400  United Kingdom ( England)
164 Prince Edward Island 148,649 (2016E basis 2011 census)[105]  Canada ( Prince Edward Island)
165 Mombasa 146,334  Kenya
166 Upolu 147,629 (2011 census)[106]  Samoa
168 Alor 145,299 (2010 Census) [107]  Indonesia
169 Yeong Island 144,884 (2010 Census)[63]  South Korea (Busan)
170 Isle of Wight 139,800 (2016 estimate)  United Kingdom ( England)
171 Malaita 137,596 (2009 C)[103]  Solomon Islands
172 Djerba 139,517 (2004 census)  Tunisia
173 Awaji 138,804 (2013)  Japan
174 Curaçao 156,971 (2015 census) [108]  Curaçao (autonomous country in the  Kingdom of the Netherlands)
175 São Miguel 137,830 (2011 census)  Portugal ( Azores)
176 Bantayan 136,960 (2010 census)  Philippines
177 Mannar Island 132,000  Sri Lanka
178 Lanzarote 131,708 (2007 estimate)  Spain ( Canary Islands)
179 Cape Breton Island 131,606 (2016E basis 2011 census)[109]  Canada ( Nova Scotia)
180 Xiaoguwei 131,470 (2010 census)[91]  China (Guangdong)
181 Hisingen 130,497 (2007)  Sweden
182 Bioko 334,463 (2015 census)  Equatorial Guinea
183 Vanua Levu 130,000  Fiji
184 Kutubdia 125,279 (2011 Census)[79]  Bangladesh
185 Srirangam 120,000 (2011 Census)  India (Tamil Nadu)
186 Rhodes 119,830 (2011 Census)  Greece
187 Dordrecht 118,601 (2009)  Netherlands
188 Ibiza 117,698 (2007 estimate)  Spain ( Balearic Islands)
189 Daishan 113,983 (2000 census)[110]  China (Zhejiang)
190 Rote 119,908 (2010 Census) [60]  Indonesia ( Maluku)
191 Lembata 117,829 (2010 Census) [60]  Indonesia ( East Nusa Tenggara)
192 Biak 112,873 (2010 Census) [111]  Indonesia ( Papua)
193 Nansha 112,151 (2010 Census) [91]  China (Guangdong)
194 Peleng 109,319 (2010 Census) [112]  Indonesia ( Central Sulawesi)
195 Bengkalis 108,700 (2010 Census) [113]  Indonesia ( Riau)
196 Saint Vincent 108,600 (2000)  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
197 Songzhou 106,274 (2010 Census) [91]  China (Guangdong)
198 Daishan 105,945 (2014 Census)[114]  China (Zhejiang)
199 Corfu 104,371 (2011 Census)  Greece
200 Jersey 104,200 (2016 estimate) [115]  Jersey (Crown Dependency of the  United Kingdom)
201 Aruba 103,484 (2006 estimate)  Aruba (autonomous country in the  Kingdom of the Netherlands)
202 Phu Quoc 103,000 (2012 Census)  Vietnam (Kien Giang)
203 Lantau Island 105,000 [116]  Hong Kong

Population over 100,000 but exact population is unknown[edit]

Artificial islands or not usually regarded as islands[edit]

Ranking Island Population Density
(/km²)
Country
Peloponnese 1,100,071 (2011) 51.05  Greece
Södertörn 797 334 (2015) 664 445  Sweden
Delmarva 681,030 (2000) 48.21  United States
Gimpo 600,000 (2019) 1690  South Korea
Cape Cod 210,000 (2010) 238  United States (Massachusetts)
Songdo 151,200 (2019) 3000  South Korea (Incheon)

Future islands[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Composed of 6 provinces excluding the four regencies comprising Madura island
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  4. ^ Composed of 34 prefectures including minor outlying islands
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  6. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2019.
  7. ^ Composed of 10 provinces including 2 on outlying islands
  8. ^ Based on Census 2018 population of 6 regions that comprise Mindanao, subtracting out 3 entire provinces: Sulu, Tawi-tawi and Dinagat Islands, and entire islands (geographic) of Basilan, Olutanga, Camiguin, Surigao Islands, Samal, and Sarangani Islands
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  11. ^ "W.P. Labuan Sepintas Lalu". statistics.gov.my. Archived from the original on 2014-11-13. Retrieved 2014-09-19.
  12. ^ Administratively composed of 5 Indonesian provinces, 2 Malaysian states, 1 Malaysian territory and the sovereign state of Brunei, for this sum does not include Labuan nor Tarakan islands for which there is data.
  13. ^ "Mid-year Population Estimates by Age Group and Sex, 2012 - 2016" (PDF). Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka.
  14. ^ Composed of 6 provinces
  15. ^ Composed of Greater Mumbai, Thane and Mira-Bhayandar
  16. ^ Composed of 7 prefectures
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  18. ^ "Papua New Guinea". citypopulation.de.
  19. ^ Population of Cuba excluding Isla de la Juventud
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  28. ^ Composed of 4 provinces
  29. ^ Cite error: The named reference phcensus2016 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  30. ^ a b "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2019". Statistics New Zealand. 22 October 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2020. For urban areas, "Subnational population estimates (UA, AU), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996, 2001, 2006-18 (2017 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. 23 October 2018. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
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  32. ^ a b c Indonesia (Urban City Population): Provinces & Cities - Statistics & Maps on City Population. Citypopulation.de (2010-05-01). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
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  34. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik - Nusa Tenggara Timur Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
  35. ^ Composed of 5 Indonesian regencies and the sovereign state of East Timor
  36. ^ Data refers to Zhongshan (prefecture level city), Xiangzhou District (in Zhuhai prefecture level city), and Macau SAR. Note that this area is not generally referred to as an island; see article for more details.
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  43. ^ Data refers to Bhola District which includes minor outlying islands
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  45. ^ Composed of 3 provinces
  46. ^ 广州市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine. Gzstats.gov.cn (2011-05-17). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
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  55. ^ Republic of Cyprus: 803,147 and Northern Cyprus: 285,356 = 1,088,503. Source for Republic of Cyprus - s&labeling=labels&plugin=1 "Total population as of 1 January". Eurostat, source for Northern Cyprus - North Cyprus' State Planning Organization
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  58. ^ a b "Fuzhou Municipal Statistic Bureau". Fuzhou.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
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  64. ^ Chongming County population minus Changxing & Hengsha islands. Retrieved on 2015-11-13.
  65. ^ "Thailand: Administrative Division". citypopulation.de.
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  71. ^ "Venezuela: Administrative Division". citypopulation.de.
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  73. ^ Approximate. The Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics (IBGE) 2014 population estimates list a population of 461,524 for the municipality of Florianópolis, which largely coincides with the island, but also includes a few relatively populous districts on the mainland.
  74. ^ "Malta". citypopulation.de.
  75. ^ "IBGE - Cidades@ - Pará" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Archived from the original on 2017-08-04. Retrieved 2014-09-28. Sum of the total population of the municipalities of Afuá, Anajás, Breves, Cachoeira do Arari, Chaves, Curralinho, Muaná, Ponta de Pedras, Salvaterra, Santa Cruz do Arari, São Sebastião da Boa Vista and Soure, as referenced on the individual municipality pages linked on the cited page. May include a small population on smaller nearby inhabited islands. Does not include the population of the nearby municipalities of Bagre, Gurupá, Limoeiro do Ajuru, Melgaço, Oeiras do Pará and Portel, which are often administratively grouped in Marajó, but are not located on the island.
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  77. ^ entire district, includes Ukawa island
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  82. ^ Approximate. The Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics (IBGE) 2014 population estimates list a population of 352,104 for the municipality of Vitória Archived 2017-08-19 at the Wayback Machine, which however also includes a few relatively populous districts on the mainland and on adjacent smaller islands.
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  88. ^ "Rio de Janeiro (Brazil): Districts - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de.
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  97. ^ "São Tomé and Príncipe". citypopulation.de.
  98. ^ Figure of 170,000 is sum from 2010 Census of 12 kecamatan entirely within the island, the Barito river island is comprised wholly or in part of 19 kecamatan
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  105. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/php/canada-admin.php
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  115. ^ "Population estimates". Government of Jersey. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
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  117. ^ note: Abadan (231,476) lies on Abadan Island.

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