List of islands by population

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This is a list of islands in the world ordered by population. It includes all islands with population greater than 100,000. For km comparison, continental landmasses are also shown. The population of the world's islands is over 730 million, approximately 11% of the world's total population.

Continental island/land masses[edit]

  1. Afro-Eurasia (the World Island) — 6.15 billion people
  2. Americas — 972 million people
  3. Australia[1] — 23 million people
  4. Antarctica — 1,000-5,000 people (varies by season)[2]

Islands ordered by population[edit]

Disclaimer: Due to the complicated nature of determining exactly what constitutes an island, versus an administrative region, please see comments for what is included in figures, as some islands include nearby ones.

Population over 10,000,000[edit]

Ranking Island State(s) Population Density
(/km²)
1 Java  Indonesia 139,448,718 (2014 estimate)[3][4] 1,117
2 Honshū  Japan 104,000,000 (2010)[5][6] 451.8
3 Great Britain  United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales) 61,700,000 (2015 estimate)[7] 281.3
4 Luzon  Philippines 52,990,000 (2015)[8] 480
5 Sumatra  Indonesia 47,010,000 (2010)[9][10] 90.4
6 Taiwan (Formosa)  Taiwan 23,461,708 (2015 estimate)[9] 657
7 Madagascar  Madagascar 22,434,000 (2014)[11] 38.2
8 Mindanao  Philippines 21,902,000 (2015)[12] 226
9 Borneo  Indonesia,  Brunei,  Malaysia 21,258,000 (2014)[9][13][14][15] 26.3
10 Sri Lanka (Ceylon)  Sri Lanka 20,219,000 (2012)[16] 310
11 Hispaniola  Dominican Republic,  Haiti 19,920,000 (2010)[17] 241.5
12 Sulawesi (Celebes)  Indonesia 17,371,783 (2010)[9][18] 97
13 Salsette  India (Maharashtra) 15,098,516 (2011)[9][19] 24,414
14 Kyūshū  Japan 13,200,000 (2010)[5][20] 371
15 New Guinea  Papua New Guinea and  Indonesia 11,818,000 (2014 RI, 2015 PNG)[21][22] 15
16 Cuba  Cuba 11,167,325 (2012)[9][23] 103.3

Population 1,000,000 to 10,000,000[edit]

Ranking Island State(s) Population
17 Hainan  China 9,035,000 (2014E)[24]
18 Long Island  United States (New York) 7,686,912 (2012)[25]
19 Ireland  Ireland and  United Kingdom (Northern Ireland) 6,380,661 (2008)[26][27]
20 Singapore  Singapore 5,535,000 (2015)[28]
21 Hokkaidō  Japan 5,383,579 (2015C) [5]
22 Sicily  Italy 5,017,000 (2007)[29]
23 Negros  Philippines 4,414,131 (2015)[30]
24 Panay  Philippines 4,302,000 (2015)[12][31]
25 Bali  Indonesia 4,220,000 (2012) [32][33]
26 Cebu  Philippines 3,917,000 (2015)[12]
27 Shikoku  Japan 3,815,000 (2015)[5]
28 Madura  Indonesia 3,622,000 (2010)[9]
29 Puerto Rico  Puerto Rico (territory of the  United States) 3,474,182 (2015)[34]
30 North Island  New Zealand 3,519,800 (June 2015 estimate).[35]
31 Lombok  Indonesia 3,160,000 (2010) [33]
32 Timor  Indonesia and  East Timor 2,786,000 (2010)[17][36][37]
33 Jamaica  Jamaica 2,741,000 (2010)[17]
34 Zhongshan Island  China (Guangdong and Macau) 2,275,000 (2002)[9][17][38]
35 Zealand  Denmark 2,275,000 (2005)[39]
36 Leyte  Philippines 2,188,295 (2010)[8]
37 Island of Montreal  Canada (Quebec) 1,886,481 (2011)[40]
38 Xiamen Island  China (Fujian) 1,847,047 (2010 census)[41]
39 Flores  Indonesia 1,831,000 (2010)[33]
40 Samar  Philippines 1,751,267 (2010)[8][42]
41 Bhola Island  Bangladesh 1,758,000 (2011)[9][43]
42 Sardinia  Italy 1,659,000 (2007) [29]
43 Manhattan Island  United States (New York) 1,619,090 (2012)[25]
44 Haizhu  China (Guangdong) 1,558,663 (2010 census)[44]
45 São Luís  Brazil (Maranhão) 1,381,459 (2014 estimate)[45]
46 Sumbawa  Indonesia 1,330,000 (2010)[46]
47 Mindoro  Philippines 1,302,000 (2015)[12]
48 Okinawa Island  Japan 1,301,000 (2015)[5]
49 Trinidad  Trinidad and Tobago 1,267,145 (2011 Census)[47]
50 Hong Kong Island  Hong Kong (special administrative region of  China) 1,257,200 (2015E)[48]
51 Mauritius  Mauritius 1,219,265 (2014)[49]
52 Bohol  Philippines 1,211,000 (2015)[50]
53 Batam  Indonesia 1,153,860 (2012 BPS Civil Survey)[51]
54 Bahrain Island  Bahrain 1,095,000 (2014E)[52]
55 Cyprus  Cyprus,  Akrotiri and Dhekelia (UK),  Northern Cyprus (de facto) 1,088,503 (2010 estimate)[53]
56 South Island  New Zealand 1,076,300 (June 2015 estimate).[35]

Population 500,000 to 1,000,000[edit]

Ranking Island State(s) Population
57 Oahu  United States (Hawaii) 976,372 (2012)[25]
58 Bangka  Indonesia 960,692 (2010) [33]
59 Tenerife  Spain (Canary Islands) 906,854 (2010 census)
60 Unguja (Zanzibar Island)  Tanzania (Zanzibar) 896,721 (2012 Census)[54]
61 Majorca  Spain (Balearic Islands) 862,397 (2009 census)
62 Penang Island  Malaysia 860,000 (2010 estimate)
63 Gran Canaria  Spain (Canary Islands) 838,397 (2009 census)
64 Réunion  France 837,868 (2012 estimate)[55]
65 Palawan  Philippines 793,391 (2010)
66 Cangshan  China (Fujian) 762,746 (2010 census)[56]
67 São Vicente  Brazil (São Paulo) 760,000[57]
68 Nias  Indonesia 756,338 (2010 Census) [58]
69 Vancouver Island  Canada (British Columbia) 748,937 (2009 estimate)[59]
70 Sumba  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara) 686,113 (2010 Census)[58]
71 Viti Levu  Fiji 661,997 (2007 Census)[60]
72 Masbate  Philippines 892,393 (2015)
73 Crete  Greece 623,065 (2011 Census)
74 Jeju  South Korea 621,550 (2014 estimate)[61]
75 Chongming  China (Shanghai) 615,297 (2013 census)[62]
76 Phuket  Thailand 525,018 (2010)[63]
77 New Britain  Papua New Guinea 513,926 (2011 census)[64]
78 Tasmania  Australia 507,626 (2010 estimate)
79 Zhoushan  China (Zhejiang) 502,667 (2000 census)[65]

Population 100,000 to 500,000[edit]

Ranking Island State(s) Population
80 Newfoundland  Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador) 479,105 (2006 census)
81 Staten Island  United States (New York) 474,558 (2016 estimate)
82 Sakhalin  Russia 471,515 (2014 Estimate)[66]
83 Halmahera  Indonesia 449,938 2010 Census [21][67]
84 Jolo  Philippines 447,600
85 Buton  Indonesia 447,408 (2010 Census) [58]
86 Funen  Denmark 447,060 (2006 estimate)
87 Ambon  Indonesia 441,000 (2010 Census)[58]
88 Margarita Island  Venezuela 489,917 (2014 estimate)[68]
89 Seram  Indonesia 434,113 (2010 Census) [58]
90 IJsselmonde  Netherlands 423,000
91 Santa Catarina  Brazil (Santa Catarina) 420,000[69]
92 Pemba  Tanzania 406,808 (2012 Census)[54]
93 Sandwip  Bangladesh 400,000
94 Basilan  Philippines 391,179 (2010)
95 Martinique  France (Martinique) 390,371 (2012 estimate)[55]
96 Guadeloupe Island  France (Guadeloupe) 388,795 (2011 estimate)[70]
97 Malta  Malta 386,057 (2011 estimate)[71]
98 Mactan  Philippines 368,820 (2010 census)
99 Marajó  Brazil (Pará) 383,336 (2014 estimate)[72]
100 Grande Comore  Comoros 369,600 (2012 estimate)[73]
101 Pingtan (Haitan)  China (Fujian) 357,760 (2010 census)[56]
102 Ukerewe Island  Tanzania 345,147 (2012 Census)[54][74]
103 Yangzhong  China (Jiangsu) 334,977 (2010 census)
103 Île Jésus  Canada (Quebec) 339,101
104 Bintan  Indonesia 329,659 (2010 Census)[58]
105 Iceland  Iceland 325,671 (2014 estimate—whole country)[75]
106 Maheshkhali  Bangladesh 321,218 (2011 Census)[76]
107 Flevopolder  Netherlands (Flevoland) 317,000 (2007)
108 Corsica  France 316,578 (2012 estimate)[55]
109 Santo Amaro (Guarujá)  Brazil (São Paulo) 308,989 (2014 estimate) [77]
110 Vendsyssel-Thy  Denmark 306,373 (2003)
111 Vitória  Brazil (Espirito Santo) 300,000[78]
112 Chengār  Bangladesh 292,057 (2011 Census)[79]
113 Abu Dhabi (island)  United Arab Emirates 280,385
114 Barbados  Barbados 279,254 (2005 estimate)
115 Anjouan  Comoros 306,800 (2012 estimate)[73]
116 Muna  Indonesia 268,140 (2010 Census) [58]
117 Santiago  Cape Verde 290,280 (2014 estimate)[80]
118 Belitung  Indonesia 262,357 (2010 census) [58]
119 Grande Terre  New Caledonia (sui generis collectivity of  France) 247,669 (2014 estimate)[81]
120 Madeira  Portugal 245,806 (2006 estimate)
121 Geoje Island  South Korea 241,711 (2010 Census) [61]
122 Bushrod  Liberia 234,596 (1996 )[82]
123 Bougainville  Papua New Guinea 234,280 (2011 census)[64]
124 Marinduque  Philippines 227,828 (2010)
125 Lagos Island  Nigeria 212,700(2006 Census)[83]
126 Governador Island  Brazil (Rio de Janeiro) 212,574 (2010C adm dist including nearby island)[84]
127 New Providence  Bahamas 210,832 (2000 census)
128 Euboea  Greece 210,815 (2011 Census)
129 Vasilievsky Island  Russia 202,650 (2002 census).[85]
130 Tsing Yi  Hong Kong (special administrative region of  China) 200,402 (2007 estimate)[86]
131 Qeshm  Iran 200,000
132 New Ireland  Papua New Guinea 194,067 (2011 estimate, whole province)[64]
133 Tarakan  Indonesia (East Kalimantan) 193,370 (2010 Census)[58]
134 Dongchong Island  China (Guangdong) 191,019 (2010 Census)[87]
135 Hawaii (island)  United States (Hawaii) 190,821 (2013 factfinder)
136 Muharraq  Bahrain 188,597 (2010)[88]
137 Grande Terre  France (Mayotte) 188,442 (2012 estimate)[89]
138 Ternate  Indonesia (North Maluku) 185,705 (2010 Census)[58]
139 Jinshazhou  China (Guangdong) 183,000 (2010 Census)[87]
140 South Andaman Island  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands) 181,949 (2001 census)[90]
141 Tahiti  French Polynesia (overseas collectivity of  France) 178,133 (2007 census)
142 São Tomé  São Tomé and Príncipe 171,856 (2012 estimate)[91]
143 Voorne-Putten  Netherlands 170,411 (2002)
144 Carmen, Campeche  Mexico 169,466 (2010 Census)[92]
145 Lulu Island  Canada 168,162
146 Majuli  India 167,304 (2011 census)[93]
147 Buru  Indonesia (Maluku) 162,116 (2010 Census) [58]
148 Guimaras  Philippines 162,943 (2010)
149 Saint Lucia  Saint Lucia 166,526 (2010 census)[94]
150 Shawan Island  China (Guangdong) 161,390 (2010 census)[87]
151 Maui  United States (Hawaii) 160,202 (2013 census factfinder)[25]
152 Amager  Denmark 160,064 (2006 estimate)
153 Guam  United States 160,000
154 Guadalcanal  Solomon Islands 158,222 (2009 census includes Honiara and Guadacanal Prov.)[95]
155 Tablas  Philippines 158,050 (2010)
156 Biliran  Philippines 155,061 (2010)
157 Malé  Maldives 153,379 (2014 estimate)
158 Mombasa  Kenya 146,334
159 Cape Breton Island  Canada (Nova Scotia) 147,454 (2001 census)
160 Upolu  Samoa 147,629 (2011 census)[96]
161 Alor  Indonesia 145,299 (2010 Census) [97]
162 Yeong Island  South Korea (Busan) 144,884 (2010 Census)[61]
163 Prince Edward Island  Canada 140,402 (2010 estimate)
164 Chiloé  Chile 140,376 (2002 census)
165 Malaita  Solomon Islands 137,596 (2009 C)[95]
166 Isle of Wight  United Kingdom 140,000 (2005 estimate)
167 Djerba  Tunisia 139,517 (2004 census)
168 Awaji  Japan 138,804 (2013)
169 Curaçao  Curaçao (autonomous country in the  Kingdom of the Netherlands) 138,000 (2006 estimate)
170 Bantayan  Philippines 136,960 (2010 census)
171 Mannar Island  Sri Lanka 132,000
172 Lanzarote  Spain (Canary Islands) 131,708 (2007 estimate)
173 São Miguel  Portugal (Azores) 131,609 (2001 census)
174 Xiaoguwei  China (Guangdong) 131,470 (2010 census)[87]
175 Hisingen  Sweden 130,497 (2007)
176 Bioko  Equatorial Guinea 130,000 (2005)
177 Vanua Levu  Fiji 130,000
178 Kutubdia  Bangladesh 125,279 (2011 Census)[76]
179 Srirangam  India 120,000 (2011 Census)
180 Rhodes  Greece 119,830 (2011 Census)
181 Dordrecht  Netherlands 118,601 (2009)
182 Ibiza  Spain (Balearic Islands) 117,698 (2007 estimate)
183 Daishan  China (Zhejiang) 113,983 (2000 census)[98]
184 Rote  Indonesia (Maluku) 119,908 (2010 Census) [58]
185 Lembata  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara) 117,829 (2010 Census) [58]
186 Biak  Indonesia (West Papua) 112,873 (2010 Census) [99]
187 Nansha  China (Guangdong) 112,151 (2010 Census) [87]
188 Peleng  Indonesia (Central Sulawesi) 109,319 (2010 Census) [100]
189 Bengkalis  Indonesia (Riau) 108,700 (2010 Census) [101]
190 Saint Vincent  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 108,600 (2000)
191 Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego  Argentina and  Chile 107,983
192 Songzhou  China (Guangdong) 106,274 (2010 Census) [87]
193 Daishan  China (Zhejiang) 105,945 (2014 Census)[102]
194 Corfu  Greece 104,371 (2011 Census)
195 Aruba  Aruba (autonomous country in the  Kingdom of the Netherlands) 103,484 (2006 estimate)

Technically artificial islands which are not usually regarded as islands.[edit]

Ranking Island State(s) Population Density
(/km²)
1 Peloponnese  Greece 1,100,071 (2011) 51.05
2 Delmarva  United States 681,030 (2000) 48.21
3 Gimpo  South Korea 480,000 (2015) 1352
4 Cape Cod  United States (Massachusetts) 210,000 (2010) 238
5 Songdo  South Korea (Incheon) 104,000 (2016) 2200

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ It is generally accepted that Australia is not an island; if it were considered as such it would rank seventh.
  2. ^ Antarctica has no permanent residents, but there are usually at least 1,000 people (mostly research personnel) living at its bases.
  3. ^ "Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia" (PDF). 
  4. ^ Composed of 6 provinces excluding the four regencies comprising Madura island
  5. ^ a b c d e "総務省|住基ネット". soumu.go.jp. 
  6. ^ Composed of 34 prefectures including minor outlying islands
  7. ^ 2011 Census: Population Estimates for the United Kingdom. In the 2011 census, the population of England, Wales and Scotland was estimated to be approximately 61,370,000; compromising of 60,800,000 on Great Britain, and 570,000 on other islands. Retrieved 23 January 2014
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  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i "G". 
  10. ^ Composed of 8 provinces including minor outlying islands
  11. ^ "Account Suspended". 
  12. ^ a b c d Based on Census 2015 population of 6 regions that comprise Mindanao, subtracting out 3 entire provinces: Sulu, Tawi-tawi and Dinagat Islands, and entire islands (geographic) of Basilan, Olutanga, Camiguin, Surigao Islands, Samal, and Sarangani Islands
  13. ^ Malaysia: Federal States, Territories, Districts, Major Cities, Urban Aras & Conurbations - Statistics & Maps on City Population. Citypopulation.de (2013-05-20). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  14. ^ "W.P. Labuan Sepintas Lalu". statistics.gov.my. 
  15. ^ Administratively composed of 5 Indonesian provinces, 2 Malaysian states, 1 Malaysian territory and the sovereign state of Brunei, for this sum does not include Labuan nor Tarakan islands for which there is data.
  16. ^ "Sri Lanka: Administrative Division (Districts and Divisional Secretariats) - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". 
  17. ^ a b c d "World Population Prospects, the 2012 Revision". un.org. 
  18. ^ Composed of 6 provinces
  19. ^ Composed of Greater Mumbai, Thane and Mira-Bhayandar
  20. ^ Composed of 7 prefectures
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  22. ^ "Papua New Guinea". citypopulation.de. 
  23. ^ Population of Cuba excluding Isla de la Juventud
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  28. ^ Statistics Singapore - Key annual indicators
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  30. ^ Census of Population (2015): Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  31. ^ Composed of 4 provinces
  32. ^ Bali faces population boom, now home to 4.2 million residents. The Jakarta Post (2012-12-17). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
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  36. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik - Nusa Tenggara Timur
  37. ^ Composed of 5 Indonesian regencies and the sovereign state of East Timor
  38. ^ Data refers to Zhongshan (prefecture level city), Xiangzhou District (in Zhuhai prefecture level city), and Macau SAR. Note that this area is not generally referred to as an island; see article for more details.
  39. ^ "Population and elections - StatBank Denmark - data and statistics". 
  40. ^ "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Division". statcan.ca. 13 March 2007. 
  41. ^ China Census of 2010 for Siming District of Xiamen Islando. Data has not include the outlying island of Gulangyu.
  42. ^ Composed of 3 provinces
  43. ^ Data refers to Bhola District which includes minor outlying islands
  44. ^ 广州市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. Gzstats.gov.cn (2011-05-17). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
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  46. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik - Nusa Tenggara Barat
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  48. ^ Hong Kong: Districts, Major Cities & Towns - Statistics & Maps on City Population. Citypopulation.de. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
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  51. ^ Batam Civil registry April 2012
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  57. ^ Approximate. The Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics (IBGE) 2014 population estimates list a combined population of 786,605 inhabitants for the municipalities of Santos and São Vicente, whose main urban areas take up almost the entire island. The vast majority of both cities' population lives there. However, the data include a few small settlements on the mainland belonging to those cities, for which separate data are not available on the IBGE Web site.
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  62. ^ Chongming County population minus Changxing & Hengsha islands. Retrieved on 2015-11-13.
  63. ^ "Thailand: Administrative Division". citypopulation.de. 
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  67. ^ "Halmahera Selatan Regency site table, including mainland Gane but excluding the tip which is considered Joronga Islands". 
  68. ^ "Venezuela: Administrative Division". citypopulation.de. 
  69. ^ Approximate. The Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics (IBGE) 2014 population estimates list a population of 461,524 for the municipality of Florianópolis, which largely coincides with the island, but also includes a few relatively populous districts on the mainland.
  70. ^ "Guadeloupe". citypopulation.de. 
  71. ^ "Malta". citypopulation.de. 
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  73. ^ a b "Comoros". citypopulation.de. 
  74. ^ entire district, includes Ukawa island
  75. ^ "Iceland (Major Urban Settlements): Regions, Major Cities, Urban Settlements & Urban Areas - Statistics & Maps on City Population". citypopulation.de. 
  76. ^ a b Administrative Division of Bangladesh: Districts and Subdistricts - Statistics & Maps by »City Population«. Citypopulation.de (2012-07-25). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  77. ^ "IBGE - Cidades@ - Guarujá" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Retrieved 2014-09-28.  Population of the municipality of Guarujá, which is coterminous with the island.
  78. ^ Approximate. The Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics (IBGE) 2014 population estimates list a population of 352,104 for the municipality of Vitória, which however also includes a few relatively populous districts on the mainland and on adjacent smaller islands.
  79. ^ "Bangladesh: Administrative Division". citypopulation.de. 
  80. ^ "Cape Verde". citypopulation.de. 
  81. ^ "New Caledonia". citypopulation.de. 
  82. ^ http://www.pureone.com/products/pc/Liberia/Population/LIB043_Population_density_by_Community_for_Greater_Monrovia_04-10-03.pdf
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  84. ^ "Rio de Janeiro (Brazil): Districts - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de. 
  85. ^ Василеостровский район (Vasilieostrovsky District) (Russian)
  86. ^ District Council Election 2007 - Kwai Tsing. The sum of the population in constituency areas S18 to S28
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  88. ^ "Bahrain". citypopulation.de. 
  89. ^ "Mayotte". citypopulation.de. 
  90. ^ Island-wise Statistical Outline - 2008. NORTH ANDAMAN ISLAND (PDF)
  91. ^ "São Tomé and Príncipe". citypopulation.de. 
  92. ^ Mexico (Major Cities): Federal States & Major Cities - Statistics & Maps on City Population. Citypopulation.de (2010-05-31). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  93. ^ Majuli, River Island. "Largest river island". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 6 September 2016. 
  94. ^ "St. Lucia". citypopulation.de. 
  95. ^ a b "Solomon Islands". citypopulation.de. 
  96. ^ "Samoa". citypopulation.de. 
  97. ^ http://sp2010.bps.go.id/files/ebook/5307.pdf
  98. ^ Statistical Information of Zhoushan, line 26
  99. ^ http://sp2010.bps.go.id/files/ebook/9409.pdf
  100. ^ BRS hasil Sensus Penduduk 2010. Bangkepkab.bps.go.id (2010-11-02). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  101. ^ http://sp2010.bps.go.id/files/ebook/1408.pdf
  102. ^ http://tj.daishan.gov.cn/module/download/downfile.jsp?classid=0&filename=1510261434128368588.pdf

External links[edit]