List of islands of Taiwan
This is a list of islands of Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), classified into various island groups. The island of Taiwan, formerly known as Formosa, is the largest island and the main component of whole ROC governing territories. Islands that are claimed by the ROC but not administered, such as the Senkaku Islands and most of South China Sea Islands, are excluded from the list.
After the amendments to the Constitution of the Republic of China in 1990s, the islands on this list collectively form the term of "Taiwan Area" (or ROC "free area"), which legally define the area effectively under the ROC government's control.
Archipelagos of Taiwan
There are in total of 166 islands, these islands can be classified into the following geographical units.
|Other name||No. islands||Major islands||Division|
|Taiwan||臺灣||Táiwān||Tâi-oân||Thòi-vàn||Formosa||22||Taiwan, Orchid, Green, Lamay, Guishan||Multiple|
|Penghu||澎湖||Pénghú||Phêⁿ-ô||Phàng-fù||Pescadores||90||Penghu, Xiyu, Baisha, Qimei, Wang'an||Penghu County|
|Kinmen||金門||Jīnmén||Kim-mn̂g||Kîm-mùn||Quemoy||13||Kinmen, Lieyu, Dadan, Erdan||Kinmen County|
|Matsu||馬祖||Mǎzǔ||Má-chó͘||Mâ-chú||36||Nangan, Beigan, Dongyin, Xiyin, Dongju, Xiju||Lienchiang County|
|Wuqiu||烏坵||Wūqiū||O·-kiu||Vû-hiu||2||Daqiu, Xiaoqiu||Kinmen County|
|Dongsha||東沙||Dōngshā||Tang-soa||Tûng-sâ||Pratas||1||All of Dongsha Islands||Kaohsiung City|
|Nansha||南沙||Nánshā||Lâm-soa||Nàm-sâ||Spratly||2||Taiping Island, Zhongzhou Reef||Kaohsiung City|
Note: "Taiwan" has multiple meanings, which may refer to: 1. Common name of the state officially named Republic of China, this contains all 166 islands, 2. Taiwan proper region (本島地區), this contains 22 islands in the geographical unit, 3. The island of Taiwan, this indicates the largest island in the geographical unit and the state.
Taiwan and its surrounding islands
- Island of Taiwan (Formosa; 臺灣島)
- Keelung City
- Nantou County
- Pingtung County
- Taitung County
- Yilan County
- Gueishan Island (Turtle Mount; 龜山島)
- Penghu Islands (Pescadores Islands; 澎湖群島) (Penghu County)
- Kinmen (Quemoy; 金門列島)
- Matsu Islands (馬祖列島)
- Wuchiu (Wuqiu; 烏坵)
- Tachiu (Daqiu, Taciou; 大坵)
- Hsiaochiu (Xiaoqiu; 小坵)
South China Sea Islands
- South China Sea Islands (南海諸島) (Kaohsiung Municipality; only the following islands listed below are controlled by the ROC)
List of Islands by Size
|Order||Name||Chinese||Geographical unit||Administrative Division||Area (km²)|
|1||Taiwan Main Island||臺灣本島||Taiwan||multiple||35807.82|
|2||Kinmen Main Island||金門本島||Kinmen||4 townships||Kinmen||134.25|
|3||Penghu Main Island||澎湖本島||Penghu||Magong, Huxi||Penghu||65.41|
|7||Lesser Kinmen Island||小金門||Kinmen||Lieyu||Kinmen||14.85|
All ROC-controlled islands are claimed by the People's Republic of China. The PRC claims the islands of Taiwan and Penghu as part of its 23rd Taiwan Province, together with the Japanese-controlled Diaoyu Islands, which are also claimed by the ROC as part of its own Taiwan Province. The PRC claims Kinmen as Jinmen County, a county of the prefecture-level city Quanzhou, in Fujian Province. Matsu is claimed as Mazu, part of Lianjiang County, part of Fuzhou, in Fujian Province. Wuqiu Island is claimed as part of Xiuyu District, a district of the prefecture-level city Putian, in Fujian Province. The Dongsha Islands are claimed as part of Lufeng in Guangdong Province. The Nansha Islands controlled by the Republic of China, i.e. Taiping Island and Zhongzhou Reef, are claimed as part of Sansha, in Hainan Province.
The PRC thus claims the ROC-controlled islands as part of its own Taiwan Province (Taiwan and Penghu), Fujian Province (Kinmen, Matsu and Wuqiu), Guangdong Province (Dongsha) and Hainan Province (Nansha).
The ROC keeps claims to all the South China Sea Islands, but only the Pratas and part of the Spratly islands are under its control. They are governed as part of Cijin District, City of Kaohsiung.
- Geography of Taiwan
- List of islands
- List of islands in the South China Sea
- Tachen Islands (islands evacuated in 1955)
- Senkaku (Diaoyutai) Islands (釣魚臺列嶼) (disputed with Japan and the People's Republic of China)
- http://www.asianresearch.org/articles/3115.html Taiwan's Spratly Initiative in the South China Sea
- "Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of China (Taiwan) reiterates its position on the South China Sea". 2010-07-29.