List of islands of Taiwan

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This is a list of islands of Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), classified into various island groups. The island of Taiwan, formerly known as Formosa, is the largest island and the main component of whole ROC governing territories. Islands that are claimed by the ROC but not administered, such as the Senkaku Islands and most of South China Sea Islands, are excluded from the list.

After the amendments to the Constitution of the Republic of China in 1990s, the islands on this list collectively form the term of "Taiwan Area" (or ROC "free area"), which legally define the area effectively under the ROC government's control.

Archipelagos of Taiwan[edit]

There are in total of 166 islands, these islands can be classified into the following geographical units.

Name Chinese Mandarin
(Pinyin)
Taiwanese
(Pe̍h-ōe-jī)
Hakka
(Pha̍k-fa-sṳ)
Other name No. islands Major islands Division
Taiwan 臺灣 Táiwān Tâi-oân Thòi-vàn Formosa 22 Taiwan, Orchid, Green, Lamay, Guishan Multiple
Penghu 澎湖 Pénghú Phêⁿ-ô Phàng-fù Pescadores 90 Penghu, Xiyu, Baisha, Qimei, Wang'an Penghu County
Kinmen 金門 Jīnmén Kim-mn̂g Kîm-mùn Quemoy 13 Kinmen, Lieyu, Dadan, Erdan Kinmen County
Matsu 馬祖 Mǎzǔ Má-chó͘ Mâ-chú 36 Nangan, Beigan, Dongyin, Xiyin, Dongju, Xiju Lienchiang County
Wuqiu 烏坵 Wūqiū O·-kiu Vû-hiu 2 Daqiu, Xiaoqiu Kinmen County
Dongsha 東沙 Dōngshā Tang-soa Tûng-sâ Pratas 1 All of Dongsha Islands Kaohsiung City
Nansha 南沙 Nánshā Lâm-soa Nàm-sâ Spratly 2 Taiping Island, Zhongzhou Reef Kaohsiung City

Note: "Taiwan" has multiple meanings, which may refer to: 1. Common name of the state officially named Republic of China, this contains all 166 islands, 2. Taiwan proper region (本島地區), this contains 22 islands in the geographical unit, 3. The island of Taiwan, this indicates the largest island in the geographical unit and the state.

List of major islands by size[edit]

List of Taiwanese islands with over 5 km2 of size.

Order Name Chinese Taiwanese Hakka Geographical unit Administrative Division Area (km²)
1 Taiwan Main Island 臺灣本島 Tâi-oân pún-tó Thòi-vàn pún-tó Taiwan multiple 35807.82
2 Kinmen Main Island 金門本島 Kim-mn̂g pún-tó Kîm-mùn pún-tó Kinmen 4 townships Kinmen 134.25
3 Penghu Main Island 澎湖本島 Phêⁿ-ô pún-tó Phàng-fù pún-tó Penghu Magong, Huxi Penghu 65.41
4 Orchid Island 蘭嶼 Lân-sū Làn-yí Taiwan Lanyu Taitung 46.82
5 Xiyu Island 西嶼 Sai-sū Sî-yí Penghu Xiyu Penghu 17.84
Waisanding Shoal 外傘頂洲 Gōa-sòaⁿ-téng-chiu Ngoi-san táng-chû Taiwan Kouhu Yunlin 17.22
6 Green Island 綠島 Le̍k-tó Liu̍k-tó Taiwan Lüdao Taitung 15.09
7 Lesser Kinmen Island 小金門島 Sió-kim-mn̂g-tó Séu-kîm-mùn-tó Kinmen Lieyu Kinmen 14.85
8 Baisha Island 白沙島 Pe̍h-soa-tó Pha̍k-sâ-tó Penghu Baisha Penghu 13.88
9 Nangan Island 南竿島 Lâm-kan-tó Nàm-kôn-tó Matsu Nangan Lienchiang 10.43
10 Qimei Island 七美嶼 Chhit-bí-tó Chhit-mî-yí Penghu Qimei Penghu 7.59
11 Lamay Island 琉球嶼 Liû-khiû-sū Liù-khiù-yí Taiwan Liuqiu Pingtung 6.80
12 Wang'an Island 望安島 Bāng-oaⁿ-tó Mong-ôn-tó Penghu Wang'an Penghu 6.74
13 Beigan Island 北竿島 Pak-kan-tó Pet-kôn-tó Matsu Beigan Lienchiang 6.44

List of islands by geographical unit[edit]

Taiwan proper[edit]

Location map of outlying islands governed by Taiwan

Penghu[edit]

  • Penghu Islands (Pescadores Islands; 澎湖群島) (Penghu County)
    • Penghu (澎湖島)
    • Baisha (白沙島)
    • Siyu (Yuwong; 西嶼, 漁翁島)
    • Qimei (Qimei;七美嶼)
    • Wang-an (望安島)

Kinmen[edit]

Matsu Islands[edit]

Wuchiu[edit]

  • Wuchiu (Wuqiu; 烏坵)
    • Tachiu (Daqiu, Taciou; 大坵)
    • Hsiaochiu (Xiaoqiu; 小坵)

South China Sea Islands[edit]

Map of various countries occupying the Spratly Islands

Disputed Islands[edit]

The ROC keeps claims to all the South China Sea Islands,[1][2] but only the Pratas and part of the Spratly islands are under its control. They are governed as part of Qijin District, Kaohsiung.

Diaoyutai Islands/ Senkaku islands, which lies about 186 km to the northeast of Taiwan island, is competing by triple claimants between the ROC, the PRC, and Japan for its sovereignty. The island group is currently in Japanese maritime force's control[3]. Taiwan asserts its claim over the islands as part of Toucheng Township, Yilan County[4].

Due to the ongoing controversy over political status of Taiwan. All ROC-controlled islands are claimed by the People's Republic of China. The PRC claims the islands of Taiwan and Penghu as part of its 23rd Taiwan Province, together with the Japanese-occupied Diaoyu Islands, which are also claimed by the ROC as part of its own Taiwan Province. The PRC claims Kinmen as Jinmen County, a county of the prefecture-level city Quanzhou, in Fujian Province. Matsu is claimed as Mazu, part of Lianjiang County, part of Fuzhou, in Fujian Province. Wuqiu Island is claimed as part of Xiuyu District, a district of the prefecture-level city Putian, in Fujian Province. The Dongsha Islands are claimed as part of Lufeng in Guangdong Province. The Nansha Islands controlled by the Republic of China, i.e. Taiping Island and Zhongzhou Reef, are claimed as part of Sansha, in Hainan Province.

The PRC thus claims the ROC-controlled islands as part of its own Taiwan Province (Taiwan and Penghu), Fujian Province (Kinmen, Matsu and Wuqiu), Guangdong Province (Dongsha) and Hainan Province (Nansha).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.asianresearch.org/articles/3115.html Taiwan's Spratly Initiative in the South China Sea
  2. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of China (Taiwan) reiterates its position on the South China Sea". 2015-07-07.
  3. ^ "Situation of the Senkaku Islands". 2014-04-04.
  4. ^ "ROC government reaffirms sovereignty over Diaoyutai Islands". 2015-07-24.