List of islands of the British Isles

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The British Isles

This page is a list of the larger islands that form the British Isles, listing area and population data. The total area of the islands is 315,159 km².[1] Great Britain accounts for the majority this area at 66%,[2] with Ireland accounting for 26%,[3] leaving the remaining 8%—an area of 24,190 km²—comprising thousands of smaller islands. The largest of the other islands are to be found in the Hebrides and Northern Isles to the north, and Anglesey and the Isle of Man between Great Britain and Ireland. Also included are the Channel Islands, not strictly part of the British Isles archipelago as they are positioned off the French coast of Normandy, but traditionally included because of their political connection with the United Kingdom. This inclusion, in part, has resulted in the British Isles naming dispute.

There are 267 permanently inhabited islands in total:

The Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man are Crown dependencies.

Name Area (km²) Area rank Population[4] Population rank Location Country
Great Britain 209,331[2] 01 60,800,000[5] 01 N/A England, Scotland and Wales, United Kingdom
Ireland 81,638[3] 02 6,378,000[6] 02 N/A Republic of Ireland
Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
Lewis and Harris[7] 2,179 03 19,918 11 Outer Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Skye[7] 1,656 04 9,232 17 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Shetland Mainland[7] 969 05 17,550 12 Shetland Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Mull[7] 875 06 2,667 22 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Anglesey (including Holy Island) 714 07 69,000 07 Irish Sea Wales, United Kingdom
Islay[7] 620 08 3,457 21 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Isle of Man[8] 572 09 80,056 06 Irish Sea Isle of Man
Orkney Mainland[7] 523 10 15,315 14 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Arran[7] 432 11 5,045 20 Firth of Clyde Scotland, United Kingdom
Isle of Wight[9] 381 12 132,731 04 English Channel England, United Kingdom
Jura 367 13 188 50 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
South Uist[7] 320 14 1,818 25 Outer Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
North Uist[7] 303 15 1,271 28 Outer Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Yell 212 16 957 34 Shetland Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Achill Island[10] 147 17 2,620 23 County Mayo Republic of Ireland
Hoy 143 18 272 45 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Bute[7] 122 19 7,228 18 Firth of Clyde Scotland, United Kingdom
Unst 121 20 720 37 Shetland Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Jersey[11] 116 21 89,300 05 Channel Islands Bailiwick of Jersey
Rùm 105 22 22 Small Isles Scotland, United Kingdom
Isle of Sheppey[12] 94 23 37,852 09 Kent England, United Kingdom
Benbecula[7] 82 24 1,219 29 Outer Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Tiree 78 25 770 36 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Coll 77 26 164 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Guernsey[13] 65 27 62,711 08 Channel Islands Bailiwick of Guernsey
Raasay 64 28 192 49 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Barra[7] 59 29 1,078 31 Outer Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Sanday 50 30 478 40 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
South Ronaldsay 50 31 458 41 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Rousay 49 32 212 47 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Westray 47 33 563 39 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Fetlar 41 34 86 Shetland Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Colonsay 41 34 108 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Holy Island, Anglesey 39 36 13,579 15 Anglesey Wales, United Kingdom
Stronsay 33 37 343 43 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Inishmore 31 38 824 35 Aran Islands Republic of Ireland
Eigg 30 39 67 Small Isles Scotland, United Kingdom
Shapinsay 30 40 300 44 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Bressay 28 41 384 42 Shetland Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Eday 27 42 121 Orkney Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Hayling Island[14] 27 42 16,887 13 Hampshire England, United Kingdom
Foulness Island 26 44 212 47 Essex England, United Kingdom
Scalpay 25 45 10 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Gorumna[10] 24 46 1,010 33 County Galway Republic of Ireland
Portsea Island 24 46 147,088 03 Hampshire England, United Kingdom
Lismore 24 46 146 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Great Bernera 21 49 233 46 Outer Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Ulva 20 50 16 Inner Hebrides Scotland, United Kingdom
Whalsay[7] 20 50 1,034 32 Shetland Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Canvey Island[15] 19 52 37,479 10 Essex England, United Kingdom
Mersea Island[16] 18 53 7,182 19 Essex England, United Kingdom
Muckle Roe 18 53 104 Shetland Islands Scotland, United Kingdom
Walney Island[17] 13 55 11,388 16 Furness England, United Kingdom
Great Cumbrae[7] 12 56 1,434 27 Firth of Clyde Scotland, United Kingdom
Alderney[18] 8 57 1,903 24 Channel Islands Bailiwick of Guernsey
St Mary's[19] 6 58 1,666 26 Isles of Scilly England, United Kingdom
Sark 5 59 600 38 Channel Islands Bailiwick of Guernsey
Lundy 4 60 28 Devon England, United Kingdom
Calf of Man 3 61 2 Irish Sea Isle of Man
Thorney Island[20] 2 62 1,079 30 West Sussex England, United Kingdom
Herm 2 62 60 Channel Islands Bailiwick of Guernsey
Bardsey Island[21] 2 62 4 Gwynedd Wales, United Kingdom

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ COUNTRY/TERRITORY INDEX, ISLAND DIRECTORY, United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
    Island Facts, Isle of Man Government. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
    According to the UNEP, the Channel Islands have a land area of 194 km², the Republic of Ireland has a land area of 70,282 km², and the United Kingdom has a land area of 244,111 km². According to the Isle of Man Government, the Isle of Man has a land area of 572 km². Therefore, the overall land area of the British Isles is 315,159 km²
  2. ^ a b Great Britain, ISLAND DIRECTORY, United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved 9 August 2015. According to the UNEP, Great Britain has an area of 209,331 km².
  3. ^ a b Ireland, ISLAND DIRECTORY, United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved 9 August 2015. According to the UNEP, Ireland has an area of 81,638 km².
  4. ^ Population figures are from 2001 Census, except: Great Britain and Ireland both from 2011; Isle of Portland from 2005; Achill, Gorumna, Isle of Man, Jersey all from 2006.
  5. ^ 2011 Census: Population Estimates for the United Kingdom. In the 2011 census, the population of England, Wales and Scotland was estimated to be approximately 61,370,000, composed of 60,800,000 on Great Britain and 570,000 on other islands. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Historial Population Trends – 1841 – 2011, NISRA" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-08-09.  In 2011, the population of the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland was 6,399,115, composed of approximately 6,378,000 on Ireland and 21,000 on other islands.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n General Register Office for Scotland – Statistics for Inhabited Islands Archived 21 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Isle of Man Census 2006 (excluding the population of 2 living on the Calf of Man)
  9. ^ National Statistics – Isle of Wight (Local Authority). Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved on 2012-05-22.
  10. ^ a b Census 2006 – Table 11 – Population of Inhabited Islands off the Coast (PDF)
  11. ^ Jersey Statistics Unit Archived 21 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ National Statistics – Leysdown and Warden (Ward), Minster Cliffs (Ward), Queenborough and Halfway (Ward), Sheerness East (Ward), Sheerness West (Ward) and Sheppey Central (Ward)
  13. ^ Guernsey population fall continues, BBC
  14. ^ National Statistics – Hayling East (Ward) and Hayling West (Ward)
  15. ^ National Statistics – Canvey Island Central (Ward), East (Ward), North (Ward), South (Ward), West (Ward) and Winter Gardens (Ward)
  16. ^ National Statistics – West Mersea CP (Parish) and East Mersea CP (Parish)
  17. ^ National Statistics – Walney North (Ward) and Walney South (Ward)
  18. ^ Guernsey Press Article
  19. ^ National Statistics – St. Mary's (Ward). Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved on 2012-05-22.
  20. ^ National Statistics – West Thorney CP (Parish). Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved on 2012-05-22.
  21. ^ Article on Bardsey Island residents. Guardian. Retrieved on 2012-05-22.