List of islands of Taiwan

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This is a list of islands of Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), classified into various island groups. The island of Taiwan, formerly known as Formosa, is the largest island and the main component of whole ROC governing territories. Islands that are claimed by the ROC but not administered, such as the Senkaku Islands and most of South China Sea Islands, are excluded from the list.

After the amendments to the Constitution of the Republic of China in 1990s, the islands on this list collectively form the term of "Taiwan Area" (or ROC "free area"), which legally define the area effectively under the ROC government's control.

Archipelagos of Taiwan[edit]

There are in total of 166 islands, these islands can be classified into the following geographical units.

Name Chinese Mandarin
(Pinyin)
Taiwanese
(Pe̍h-ōe-jī)
Hakka
(Pha̍k-fa-sṳ)
Other name No. islands Major islands Division
Taiwan 臺灣 Táiwān Tâi-oân Thòi-vàn Formosa 22 Taiwan, Orchid, Green, Lamay, Guishan Multiple
Penghu 澎湖 Pénghú Phêⁿ-ô Phàng-fù Pescadores 90 Penghu, Xiyu, Baisha, Qimei, Wang'an Penghu County
Kinmen 金門 Jīnmén Kim-mn̂g Kîm-mùn Quemoy 13 Kinmen, Lieyu, Dadan, Erdan Kinmen County
Matsu 馬祖 Mǎzǔ Má-chó͘ Mâ-chú 36 Nangan, Beigan, Dongyin, Xiyin, Dongju, Xiju Lienchiang County
Wuqiu 烏坵 Wūqiū O·-kiu Vû-hiu 2 Daqiu, Xiaoqiu Kinmen County
Dongsha 東沙 Dōngshā Tang-soa Tûng-sâ Pratas 1 All of Dongsha Islands Kaohsiung City
Nansha 南沙 Nánshā Lâm-soa Nàm-sâ Spratly 2 Taiping Island, Zhongzhou Reef Kaohsiung City

Note: "Taiwan" has multiple meanings, which may refer to: 1. Common name of the state officially named Republic of China, this contains all 166 islands, 2. Taiwan proper region (本島地區), this contains 22 islands in the geographical unit, 3. The island of Taiwan, this indicates the largest island in the geographical unit and the state.

Taiwan and its surrounding islands[edit]

Location map of outlying islands governed by Taiwan

Penghu[edit]

  • Penghu Islands (Pescadores Islands; 澎湖群島) (Penghu County)
    • Penghu (澎湖島)
    • Baisha (白沙島)
    • Siyu (Yuwong; 西嶼, 漁翁島)
    • Qimei (Qimei;七美嶼)
    • Wang-an (望安島)

Kinmen[edit]

Matsu Islands[edit]

Wuchiu[edit]

  • Wuchiu (Wuqiu; 烏坵)
    • Tachiu (Daqiu, Taciou; 大坵)
    • Hsiaochiu (Xiaoqiu; 小坵)

South China Sea Islands[edit]

Map of various countries occupying the Spratly Islands

List of Islands by Size[edit]

Order Name Chinese Geographical unit Administrative Division Area (km²)
1 Taiwan Main Island 臺灣本島 Taiwan multiple 35807.82
2 Kinmen Main Island 金門本島 Kinmen 4 townships Kinmen 134.25
3 Penghu Main Island 澎湖本島 Penghu Magong, Huxi Penghu 65.41
4 Orchid Island 蘭嶼 Taiwan Lanyu Taitung 46.82
5 Xiyu Island 西嶼 Penghu Xiyu Penghu 17.84
Waisanding Shoal 外傘頂洲 Taiwan Kouhu Yunlin 17.22
6 Green Island 綠島 Taiwan Lüdao Taitung 15.09
7 Lesser Kinmen Island 小金門 Kinmen Lieyu Kinmen 14.85
8 Baisha Island 白沙島 Penghu Baisha Penghu 13.88
9 Nangan Island 南竿島 Matsu Nangan Lienchiang 10.43
10 Qimei Island 七美嶼 Penghu Qimei Penghu 7.59
11 Lamay Island 琉球嶼 Taiwan Liuqiu Pingtung 6.80
12 Wang'an Island 望安島 Penghu Wang'an Penghu 6.74
13 Beigan Island 北竿島 Matsu Beigan Lienchiang 6.44

Disputed Islands[edit]

All ROC-controlled islands are claimed by the People's Republic of China. The PRC claims the islands of Taiwan and Penghu as part of its 23rd Taiwan Province, together with the Japanese-controlled Diaoyu Islands, which are also claimed by the ROC as part of its own Taiwan Province. The PRC claims Kinmen as Jinmen County, a county of the prefecture-level city Quanzhou, in Fujian Province. Matsu is claimed as Mazu, part of Lianjiang County, part of Fuzhou, in Fujian Province. Wuqiu Island is claimed as part of Xiuyu District, a district of the prefecture-level city Putian, in Fujian Province. The Dongsha Islands are claimed as part of Lufeng in Guangdong Province. The Nansha Islands controlled by the Republic of China, i.e. Taiping Island and Zhongzhou Reef, are claimed as part of Sansha, in Hainan Province.

The PRC thus claims the ROC-controlled islands as part of its own Taiwan Province (Taiwan and Penghu), Fujian Province (Kinmen, Matsu and Wuqiu), Guangdong Province (Dongsha) and Hainan Province (Nansha).

The ROC keeps claims to all the South China Sea Islands,[1][2] but only the Pratas and part of the Spratly islands are under its control. They are governed as part of Qijin District, Kaohsiung.

See also[edit]

References[edit]