List of kākāpō

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Female kākāpō Pura on Codfish Island / Whenua Hou

As of August 8th of the year 2022, there were 252 living individuals of the critically endangered kākāpō, a large, flightless parrot native to New Zealand. Every known living kākāpō, except some young chicks, has been given a name by officials of the Kākāpō Recovery Programme. Many of the older birds were given English-language names, but more recent chicks have been given Māori names. Some kākāpō, such as Richard Henry and Moorhouse, are named after people who have provided assistance to the preservation efforts. A kākāpō interactive family tree is available.[1]

Recent population changes[edit]

After a good breeding year in 2002, the population remained at 86 until 2004, when three two-year-old female kākāpō died from erysipelas caused by the soil bacterium Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae.[2][3] Four chicks survived from the 2005 breeding season. The male Gunner died of aflatoxicosis during the New Zealand winter of 2005, bringing the population back to 86.[4] In April 2008, the population grew to 93[5] with the hatching of seven chicks,[6] then fell to 92 due to the death of adult Bill.[7] One of the seven 2008 chicks died soon after hatching,[8] bringing the total down to 91, and on 28 October 2008, male Lee died, bringing the population down to 90.[9] Male Rangi was rediscovered in February 2009 after spending 21 years living on Codfish Island.[10] The 2009 breeding season resulted in 33 chicks (20 male and 13 female), bringing the population up to 124.[11]

A number of older birds died during 2010, followed by the significant loss of the only remaining Fiordland kākāpō, Richard Henry, announced during January 2011. His Fiordland genes survive through his three progeny.[12] The breeding season in 2011 produced 11 chicks (eight females, three male), which all survived, bringing the population to 131. However, the deaths of several birds followed and with no breeding in 2012, the population dropped to 124.[13] The hatching of six eggs in May 2014 (the first hatchings since 2011) then increased the total population to 130 living individuals.

Forty-seven chicks hatched in the 2016 nesting season, making it a "record breeding season". As of July 2016, 34 of them had survived.[14][15]

A record 71 chicks were born and raised to juvenile range in the 2018/2019 breeding season. [16] Department of Conservation, Kākāpō operations manager Deidre Vercoe was quoted saying '“The kākāpō population has grown 70% in the last 5 years and we’re starting to reach carrying capacity on the two main breeding islands: Anchor and Whenua Hou. We need to find new suitable habitats for the growing population, which is a great problem to have.”

As of today, the New Zealand Dept of Conservation site shows a population of 252[17]. All known kakapo reside on four predator free islands Whenua Hou, Pukenui, Hauturu, and Te Kakahu.

Founder kākāpō in 1995 [18](51)[19][edit]

Names marked are of birds missing, presumed dead

Names marked † are of birds deceased

The kakapo founder birds are all of the kakapo individuals that were alive in 1995; Beginning of the Kākāpō Recovery Programme.

Female[edit]

  1. Lillian-+
  2. Alice – first captured: 1981;
  3. Bella – first captured: 1982
  4. Cyndy – first captured: 1987
  5. Flossie – first captured: by 1982
  6. Fuchsia – first captured: 1991;
  7. Jane – first captured 1989
  8. Jean – first captured: 1981
  9. Lisa – first captured: by August 1982
  10. Maggie – first captured: March 1980
  11. Margaret-Maree – first captured: 1986
  12. Nora – first captured: 1980
  13. Ruth – first captured: 1991
  14. Sandra -
  15. Sarah
  16. Solstice – first captured: 21 June 1997;
  17. Sue – first captured: 1983
  18. Suzanne – first captured 1989
  19. Wendy – first captured:1982
  20. Zephyr – hatched: 1981

Males[edit]

  1. Arab – first captured in 1980
  2. Barnard – first captured: 1982;
  3. Basil – first captured 1989
  4. Ben
  5. Bill – first captured: 1982
  6. Blades – first captured 1982
  7. Bonus – Found in April 1984.
  8. Boss – first captured 1989
  9. Dobbie – hatched: 1991;
  10. Felix – first captured: 1989;
  11. Gerry
  12. Gumboots – first captured: 1988,
  13. Gunner
  14. Jimmy
  15. Joe – First captured: 1982
  16. Ken – first captured: 1988
  17. Lee
  18. Lionel – first captured: 1981
  19. Luke – found in April 1982.
  20. Merv – found in January 1989.
  21. Nog – first captured: 1989
  22. Ox – first captured: 1982
  23. Piripi – caught in January 1990
  24. Ralph – first captured: 1987
  25. Rangi – first captured: 1987
  26. Richard Henry – first captured: 1975 † (Only known surviving Fiordland Kakapo to breed[20])
  27. Rob
  28. Sass
  29. Smoko – first captured: 1991
  30. Stumpy – hatched: 1991
  31. Waynebo
  32. Whiskas – first captured: 1989

Living kākāpō (252[21])[edit]

Females (89)[edit]

Kākāpō population development since 1977. Red arrows indicate breeding years.
  1. Adelaide – hatched: 2016; mother: Kuia, father: Kumi.
  2. Ᾱio – hatched: 2019; mother: Mila, father: Horton.
  3. Ako – hatched: 2019; mother: Esperance, father: Komaru.
  4. Alice – first captured: 1981; mother of Snark '81, Manu '97; Al, Pearl '02, Huarangi, Vori, Whetū ‘19.
  5. Alison – hatched: 2019; mother: Queenie, father: Tutoko.
  6. Aparima – hatched: 2002; mother: Wendy, father: Waynebo; mother of JEM '08, Bunker, Chicory, Sage, Horopito ‘19.
  7. Aranga – hatched: 1999; mother: Lisa, father: Ox;[citation needed] mother of Jack '09, Waikawa '11, Percy, Clout '16.[22]
  8. Āria – hatched: 2019; mother: Awarua, father: Komaru.
  9. Atareta – hatched: 2011; mother: Lisa, father: Blades; mother of Manaaki, Atatu, Whaea Jane ‘19.
  10. Atatū – hatched 2019; mother: Atareta, father: Te Kingi.
  11. Aumaria – hatched: 2016; mother: Stella, father: Blake.[23]
  12. Awarua – hatched: 2009; mother: Kuihi, father: Barnard; mother of Motupōhue, Āria, Matariki '19.[22]
  13. Bella – first captured: 1982; mother of Tiaka, Hillary, Roha '09, Verity ‘19.
  14. Boomer – hatched: 1999; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix; mother of Deans, Hau, Marangai ‘19.
  15. Cyndy – first captured: 1987; mother of Horton '02; Weheruatanga-o-te-po, Elwin, Jester '08; Ngatapa, Queenie '09.
  16. Dusky – hatched: 2016; mother: Tiwhiri, father: Horton.
  17. Elsie – hatched: 2019; mother: Waikawa, father: Horton.
  18. Esperance – hatched: 2002; mother: Flossie, father: Bill; mother of Huhana '09, Ako, Matakana, Toiroa ‘19.
  19. Eva – hatched: 2019; mother: Suzanne, father: Gulliver.
  20. Evohe – hatched: 2009; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix; mother of Pōtonga, Kōhengi ‘19.[22]
  21. Flossie – first captured: by 1982; mother of Heather '81; Kuia, Gulliver, Sinbad '98; Rakiura, Esperance '02; Yasmine, Pura '05; Wiremu, Scratch '09; Hakatere, Waa '11.[22]
  22. Galaxy – hatched: 2019; Mother: Ihi, father Guapo.
  23. Gale – hatched: 2019; Mother: Nora, father Tutoko.
  24. Gertrude – hatched: 2016; mother: Kuia, father: Blake.[23]
  25. Hakatere – hatched: 2011; mother: Flossie, father: Barnard.[13]
  26. Hananui – hatched: 2002; mother: Lisa, father: Blades; mother of Wharetutu, Wolf '09.
  27. Hanariki – hatched: 2019; mother: Pura, father: Te Atapo.
  28. Hau – hatched: 2019; mother: Boomer, father: Tamahou.
  29. Hauturu – hatched: 1999; mother: Lisa, father: Ox.
  30. Heather – hatched: 1981; mother: Flossie, father: Ben; mother of Palmersan, Robbie '02; Guapo, Awhero '09; Mahli, Tohu '14.
  31. Hera – hatched: 2016; mother Suzanne, father Arab.
  32. Hinemoa – hatched: 2009; mother: Sue, father: Basil; mother of Ranger, Whakakini ‘19. [22]
  33. Hine Taumai – hatched: 2002; mother: Wendy, father: Waynebo; mother of Te Here, Tuterangi, Titapu '16.
  34. Huarangi – hatched: 2019, mother: Alice, father: Boss.
  35. Huhū – Hatched: 2019; mother: Huhana, father: Guapo.
  36. Jean – first captured: 1981; mother of Blake, Kuihi, Te Kingi '02.
  37. JEM – hatched: 2008; mother: Aparima, father: Bill.[9]
  38. Kōhengi – hatched: 2019, mother: Evohe, father: Te Kingi.
  39. Konini – hatched: 2002; mother: Fuchsia, father: Waynebo; mother of Hugh '16.
  40. Kuia – hatched: 1998; mother: Flossie, father: Richard Henry; mother of Gertrude, Marian, Adelaide, Henry '16, Acheron, Mackenzie, Quill '19.
  41. Kuihi – hatched: 2002; mother: Jean, father: Sass; mother of Awarua, Waihopai, Hokonui '09, Oraka '16, Koru, Māhutonga ‘19.
  42. Kura – hatched: 2016; mother: Tumeke, father Boss.
  43. Lisa – first captured: by August 1982; mother of Ellie, Hauturu, Aranga '99; Hananui '02; Tiwhiri, Hurihrui, Purity '09; Atareta '11; Ruapuke '14 (Presumed lost on Little Barrier Island for 13 years; rediscovered on a nest in 1999.)[22] (Encounter with Stephen Fry and Mark Carwardine described in Last Chance to See.) (Likely also the mother of Merty and Joe).
  44. Madison – hatched: 2019; mother: Waikawa, father Horton.
  45. Mahli – hatched: 2014; mother: Heather, father: Dobbie.
  46. Makorea – hatched: 2016; mother: Waikawa, father Kumi.
  47. Mati-Mā – hatched: 2019; mother: Rakiura, father: Komaru.
  48. Marama – hatched: 2002; mother: Margaret-Maree, father: Nog; Mother of Hikoi, Porowhita, Tūtānekai ‘19.
  49. Margaret-Maree – first captured: 1986; mother of Marama, Mila, Moana '02; Kumi '05; Millie, Moss '09 (Likely the mother of Sarah and Wendy).
  50. Marian – hatched: 2016; mother: Kuia, father: Kumi.
  51. Mukeke – hatched: 2016; mother: Waa, father: Blake.[23]
  52. Nora – first captured: 1980; mother of Zephyr, Adler '81; Matangi, Kotiu '16, Gale, Kōraki, Rahotu ‘19.
  53. Ninihi – hatched: 2016; mother: Stella, father: Blake.[23]
  54. Pearl – hatched: 2002; mother: Alice, father: Waynebo; mother of Juanma, Jemma '09; Punga, Attenborough, Faulkner '16 Tuarua ‘19.
  55. Phoenix – hatched: 2019; mother: Waikawa, father: Horton.
  56. Pounamu – hatched: 2005; mother: Sara, father: Waynebo.
  57. Punga – hatched: 2016; mother: Pearl, father: Felix.
  58. Pura – hatched: 2005; mother: Flossie, father: Bill; mother of: Bravo, Hanariki, Uri '19.
  59. Queenie – hatched: 2009; mother: Cyndy, father: Ox; mother of Alison, Scotty ‘19.[22]
  60. Rakiura – hatched: 2002; mother: Flossie, father: Bill; mother of Toititi '08; Tamahou, Tiaho, Te Atapo '09; Taonga, Tia, Tutoko '11; Taeatanga, Te Awa '14, Mati-Mā, Tautahi ’19.[22]
  61. Rātā – hatched: 2019; mother: Ruth, father: Juanma.
  62. Rere – hatched: 2019; mother: Roha, father: Takitimu.
  63. Rimu – hatched: 2016; mother: Wendy; father Boss.
  64. Roha – hatched: 2009; mother: Bella, father: Blades; mother of Kewa, Rere ‘19. [22]
  65. Ruth – first captured: 1991; mother of Doc '02, Tukaha '16, Rātā ‘19. (She is blind in one eye).
  66. Solstice – first captured: 21 June 1997; mother of Ra '09; Ihi, Komaru, Stella '11 (Last bird captured from Stewart Island / Rakiura).[22]
  67. Stella – hatched: 2011; mother: Solstice, father: Waynebo; mother of Ninihi, Kokoto, Aumaria '16;[13] Kenneth, Manawanui, Orion '19.
  68. Sue – first captured: 1983; mother of Takatimu '02; Rooster '08; George, Hinemoa '09; Elliot, Ruggedy '16.
  69. Suzanne – first captured 1989; mother of Ian '11, Egilsay, Hera '16, Milford, Fergus, Eva ‘19.[22]
  70. Tuarua – hatched: 2019, mother: Pearl, father: Boss.
  71. Tia – hatched: 2011; mother: Rakiura, father: Barnard.[13]
  72. Tiaka – hatched: 2009; mother: Bella, father: Blades.[22]
  73. Titapu – hatched: 2016; mother: Hine Taumai, father: Takitimu.
  74. Tiwhiri – hatched: 2009; mother: Lisa, father: Basil; mother of Dusky '16, Tōmua, Tūmanako ‘19. [22]
  75. Toiora – hatched: 2019; mother: Esperance, father: Komaru.
  76. Toitiiti – hatched: 2008; mother: Rakiura, father: Ox.[9]
  77. Tohu – hatched: 2014; mother: Heather, father: Dobbie.
  78. Tukaha – hatched: 2016; mother: Ruth, father: Blades.
  79. Tumeke – hatched: 2002; mother: Wendy, father: Waynebo; mother of Kura, Kanawera, Tau Kuhurangi '16, Big Nick, Meri, Tutū ‘19.
  80. Verity – hatched: 2019; mother: Bella, father: Juanma.
  81. Vori – hatched: 2019; mother: Alice, father: Boss.
  82. Waa – hatched: 2011; mother: Flossie, father: Barnard; mother of Mukeke '16, Ōtepoti ‘19.[13]
  83. Waikawa – hatched: 2011; mother: Aranga, father: Blades; mother of Makorea '16, Elsie, Kohitatea, Kotahitanga, Madison, Phoenix ’19.[13]
  84. Weheruatanga o te po – hatched: 2008; mother: Cyndy, father: Ox.[9]
  85. Wendy – first captured:1982; mother of Dobbie '91; Aparima, Hine Taumai, Tumeke '02; Jamieson, Rimu '16.
  86. Whaea Jane – hatched: 2019; mother: Atareta, father: Te Kingi.
  87. Whetū – hatched: 2019; mother: Alice, father: Boss.
  88. Yasmine – hatched: 2005; mother: Flossie, father: Bill.
  89. Zephyr – hatched: 1981; mother: Nora, father: Rangi; mother of Hoki '92; Sirocco, Tiwai '97; Trevor, Boomer '99; Maestro, Evohe '09.

Males (108)[edit]

Sirocco on show at Auckland Zoo in September 2009
  1. Acheron – hatched: 2019; mother: Kuia, father: Tamahou.
  2. Ariki – hatched: 2002; mother: Sara, father: Waynebo.
  3. Attenborough – hatched: 2016; mother: Pearl, father Felix.
  4. Awhero – hatched: 2009; mother: Heather, father: Blades.[22]
  5. Basil – first captured 1989; father of Doc, Takitimu '02; Rooster '08; Hinemoa, George, Tiwhiri, Purity, Hurihuri '09 Bunker, Chicory, Sage, Horopito ‘19.
  6. Big Nick – hatched: 2019; mother: Tume ke, Father: Boss.
  7. Blades – first captured 1982; father of Hananui '02; JEM '08; Awhero, Tiaka, Hillary, Roha, Jack, Guapo '09; Atareta, Waikawa '11; Ruapuke, Taeatanga, Te Awa, Moorhouse '14; Kotiu, Matangi, Ruggedy, Elliot, Tukaha, Oraka '16.[22]
  8. Bluster-Murphy – hatched: 2009; mother: Fuchsia, father: Smoko.[22]
  9. Bonus – Found in April 1984.
  10. Boss – first captured 1989, father of Kura, Kanawera, Tau Kuhurangi, Jamieson '16, Big Nick, Tuarua, Meri, Huarangi, Vori, Whetū ‘19.
  11. Bravo – hatched: 2019; mother: Pura, father: Te Atapo.
  12. Bunker – hatched: 2019; mother: Aparima, father: Basil.
  13. Chicory – hatched: 2019; mother: Aparima, father: Basil.
  14. Clout – hatched: 2016; mother: Aranga, father Smoko.
  15. Deans – hatched: 2019; mother: Boomer, father: Tamahou.
  16. Doc – hatched: 2002; mother: Ruth, father: Basil.
  17. Egilsay – hatched: 2016; mother Suzanne, father Arab; originally named Elsie until genetic testing confirmed he was male.[24]
  18. Elwin – hatched: 2008; mother: Cyndy, father: Ox.
  19. Elliot – hatched: 2016; mother: Sue, father: Blades.
  20. Faulkner – hatched: 2016; mother: Pearl, father: Felix.
  21. Fergus – hatched: 2019; mother: Suzanne, father: Gulliver.
  22. George – hatched: 2009; mother: Sue, father: Basil.[22]
  23. Guapo – hatched: 2009; mother: Heather, father: Blades; father of Galaxy, Hondy, Huhu ‘19.[22]
  24. Gulliver – hatched: 1998; mother: Flossie; father: Richard Henry; father of Milford, Fergus, Eva ‘19.
  25. Henry – hatched: 2016; mother: Kuia, father: Kumi (first Grandson of Richard Henry).
  26. Hīkoi – hatched: 2019; mother Marama, father: Takitimu.
  27. Hillary – hatched: 2009; mother: Bella, father: Blades.[22]
  28. Hokonui – hatched: 2009; mother: Kuihi, father: Barnard;[22] father of: Xena '19.
  29. Hondy – hatched: 2019; mother Ihi, father: Guapo.
  30. Horopito – hatched: 2019; mother: Aparima, father: Basil.
  31. Horton – hatched: 2002; mother: Cyndy, father: Bill; father of Dusky '16, Ᾱio, Elsie, Kohitatea, Kotahitanga, Lind, Madison, Major, Phoenix, Ranger, Whakakini ‘19.
  32. Hugh – hatched: 2016; mother: Konini, father: Blake.[23]
  33. Hurihuri – hatched: 2009; mother: Lisa, father: Basil.[22]
  34. Ian – hatched: 2011; mother: Suzanne, father: Luke.[22]
  35. Jack – hatched: 2009; mother: Aranga, father: Blades.[22]
  36. Jamieson – hatched: 2016; mother: Wendy, father: Boss.
  37. Joe – First captured: 1982, he is infertile.
  38. Kanawera – hatched: 2016; mother: Tumeke, father Boss.
  39. Kenneth – hatched: 2019; mother Stella, father: Te Kingi.
  40. Kewa – hatched: 2019; mother: Roha, father: Takitimu.
  41. Kohitātea – hatched: 2019; mother Waikawa, father: Horton.
  42. Koto – hatched: 2016; mother: Stella, father: Blake.[23]
  43. Komaru – hatched: 2011; mother: Solstice, father: Waynebo; father of Ako, Āria, Māhutonga, Mati-Mā, Matariki, Matakana, Motupōhue, Tautahi, Toiora '19. [22]
  44. Kōraki – hatched: 2019; mother: Nora, father: Tutoko.
  45. Kotahitanga – hatched: 2019; mother: Waikawa, father: Horton.
  46. Kumi – hatched: 2005; mother: Margaret-Maree, father: Sass; father of Henry, Marian, Adelaide, Makorea '16.
  47. Lind – hatched: 2019; mother Jemma, father: Horton.
  48. Luke – found in April 1982; father of Ian '11.
  49. Mackenzie – hatched: 2019; mother: Kuia, father: Tamahou.
  50. Maestro – hatched: 2009; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix.[22]
  51. Māhutonga – hatched: 2019; mother: Kuihi, father: Komaru.
  52. Major – hatched: 2019; mother: Mila, father: Horton.
  53. Manaaki – hatched: 2019; mother: Atareta, father: Te Kingi.
  54. Manawanui – hatched: 2019; mother: Stella, father: Te Kingi.
  55. Manu – hatched: 1997; mother: Alice, father: Felix; father of Paddy '09.
  56. Marangai – hatched: 2019; mother: Boomer, father: Tamahou.
  57. Matangi – hatched: 2016; mother Nora, father Blades.
  58. Meri – hatched: 2019; mother: Tumeke, father: Boss.
  59. Merv – found in January 1989.
  60. Milford – hatched: 2019, mother: Suzanne, father: Gulliver.
  61. Moorhouse – hatched: 2014; mother: Huhana, father: Blades.
  62. Morehu – hatched: 1999; mother: Sandra, father: Felix.
  63. Motupōhue – hatched: 2019; mother: Awarua, father: Komaru.
  64. Moss – hatched: 2009; mother: Magaret-Maree, father: Merty.[22]
  65. Ngatapa – hatched: 2009; mother: Cyndy, father: Ox.[22]
  66. Nog – first captured: 1989; father of Mila, Monoa, Marama '02.
  67. Ōtepoti – hatched: 2019; mother: Waa, father: Takitimu.
  68. Oraka – hatched: 2016; father Blades; mother: Kuihi.
  69. Orion – hatched: 2019; mother: Stella, father: Te Kingi.
  70. Ox – first captured: 1982; father of Aranga, Ellie, Hauturu '99; Toititi, Elwin, Wheruatanga-o-te-po, Jester '08; Ngatapa, Queenie '09.
  71. Paddy – hatched: 2009; mother: Sara, father: Manu.[22]
  72. Palmersan – hatched: 2002; mother: Heather, father: Sass.
  73. Percy – hatched: 2016; mother: Aranga, Father: Smoko.
  74. Porowhita – hatched: 2019; mother: Marama, Father: Takitimu.
  75. Quill – hatched 2019; mother: Kuia, father: Tamahou.
  76. Rahotu – hatched 2019; mother: Nora, father: Sinbad (by Artificial Insemination).
  77. Ralph – first captured: 1987 (Encounter with Douglas Adams and Mark Carwardine described in Last Chance to See), (Likely the father of Merty).
  78. Ranger – hatched: 2019; mother: Hinemoa, father: Horton.
  79. Rangi – first captured: 1987; father of Zephyr '81 (Rediscovered February 2009, after hiding for 21 years on Codfish Island)[10] (likely also the father of Sarah and Wendy).
  80. Robbie – hatched: 2002; mother: Heather, father: Sass.
  81. Ruapuke – hatched: 2014; mother: Lisa, father: Blades (Formerly known as Lisa One; egg was crushed and repaired during incubation period.).
  82. Ruggedy – hatched: 2016; mother Sue, father Blades.
  83. Sage – hatched: 2019; mother: Aparima, father: Basil.
  84. Scotty – hatched: 2019; mother: Queenie, father: Tutoko.
  85. Scratch – hatched: 2009; mother: Flossie, father: Whiskas.[22]
  86. Sinbad – hatched: 1998; mother: Flossie, father: Richard Henry; father of: Rahotu (by artificial insemination) '19. He is semi-imprinted, and likes to seek out human company. Andrew Digby via Twitter, 10 October 2018.
  87. Sirocco – hatched: 1997; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix (Unlikely to be used to breed. Encounter with Stephen Fry and Mark Carwardine described in Last Chance to See).
  88. Stumpy – hatched: 1991; mother: John-girl, father: Pegasus; father of Jemma (by artificial insemination), Juanma (by artificial insemination) '09.
  89. Tautahi – hatched: 2019; mother: Rakiura, father: Komaru.
  90. Taeatanga – hatched: 2014; mother: Rakiura.
  91. Takitimu – hatched: 2002; mother: Sue, father: Basil; father of Te Here, Tuterangi, Titapu ‘16; Tōmua, Tūmanako, Ōtepoti, Kewa, Rere, Hikoi, Porowhita, Tūtānekai ‘19.
  92. Tamahou – hatched: 2009; mother: Rakiura, father: Whiskas; father of Acheron, Deans, Hau, Mackenzie, Marangai, Quill ‘19.[22]
  93. Tau Kuhurangi – hatched: 2016; mother: Tumeke, father Boss
  94. Te Atapo – hatched: 2009; mother: Rakiura, father: Whiskas; father of Bravo, Hanariki, Tutū, Uri ‘19.[22]
  95. Te Awa – hatched: 2014; mother: Rakiura.
  96. Te Here – hatched: 2016; mother: Hine Taumai, father: Takitimu.
  97. Te Kingi – hatched: 2002; mother: Jean, father: Sass; father of Atatū, Kenneth, Kohengi, Manaaki, Manawanui, Orion, Pōtonga, Whaea Jane ‘19.
  98. Tiwai – hatched: 1997; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix.
  99. Tōmua – hatched: 2019; mother: Tiwhiri, father: Takitimu.
  100. Trevor – hatched: 1999; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix.
  101. Tūmanako – hatched: 2019; mother: Tiwhiri, father Takitimu.
  102. Tūtānekai – hatched: 2019, mother: Marama, father: Takitimu.
  103. Tuterangi – hatched: 2016; mother: Hine Taumai, father: Takitimu.
  104. Tutoko – hatched: 2011; mother: Rakiura, father: Barnard; father of Gale, Kōraki, Koru, Scotty, Alison '19.[22]
  105. Waihopai – hatched: 2009; mother: Kuihi, father: Barnard.[22]
  106. Whakakini – hatched: 2019; mother: Hinemoa, Father: Horton.
  107. Wiremu – hatched: 2009; mother: Flossie, father: Whiskas.[22]
  108. Wolf – hatched: 2009; mother: Hananui, father: Merty.[22]

Fundraising[edit]

To raise money for research, the New Zealand government's Department of Conservation operates a kākāpō adoption scheme. Adoptions are not exclusive; multiple people can adopt the same bird. Adoption is symbolic – kākāpō are a taonga (treasured) species, so no one can 'own' one. Adoption supports funding for kākāpō health management, supplementary food and annual transmitter changes.[25]

Recently deceased[edit]

Names marked are of birds missing, presumed dead

Females[edit]

  • Mike‡ – Found in April 1982 on Stewart Island / Rakiura by Gary Aburn and the dog Mandy, transferred to Little Barrier Island a month later, the transmitter failed in 1982 and has been missing since then. (Possibly seen in 2015, there was a search in May 2018, but they haven't found anything yet).[26]
  • John-Girl – mother of Stumpy '91; died: September 1991
  • Aroha – hatched: 2002; mother: Sue; died: July 2004[2]
  • Aurora – hatched: 2002; mother: Zephyr; died: July 2004[2]
  • Vollie – hatched: 2002; mother: Ruth; died: July 2004[2]
  • Mokopuna – hatched 2008; mother: Rakiura, father: Ox; died: 2008
  • Sarah – mother of Ariki '02; Pounamu '05; Paddy '09; died: May 2010[27]
  • Purity – hatched: 2009; mother: Lisa, father: Basil; died: September 2011[22]
  • Monoa – hatched: 2002; mother: Margaret-Maree, father: Nog; died: September 2011
  • Sandra – mother of Morehu '99; died January 2012
  • Fuchsia – first captured: 1991; mother of Konini '02; Bluster-Murphy '09; died: March 2013
  • Taonga – hatched: 2011; mother: Rakiura, father: Barnard; died: April 2014[13]
  • Maggie – first captured: March 1980; died: May 2014, in a landslide (the second female captured on Stewart Island)
  • Ellie – hatched: 1999; mother: Lisa, father: Ox; died: July 2015 [28]
  • Wharetutu – hatched: 2009; mother: Hananui, father: Merty[16], died 2016
  • Jane – first captured 1989, found dead on Anchor Island, 18 August 2018 [29]
  • Hoki – hatched: 1992; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix (the first hand raised bird; subject of a book by her caretaker), died. 21 April 2019 from aspergillosis.[30]
  • Huhana – hatched: 2009; mother: Esperance, father: Whiskas; mother of Moorhouse '14, Huhu ‘19 (Youngest breeding female ever with 5 years)[18], died 23 May 2019 from aspergillosis.[31]
  • Mila – hatched: 2002; mother: Margaret-Maree, father: Nog; mother of Ᾱio, Major ‘19; found dead on Anchor Island, 21 May 2020.[32]
  • Matariki – hatched 2019; mother: Awarua, father: Komaru. Found dead on Whenua Hou on 27 November 2020.
  • Matakana – hatched: 2019; mother: Esperance, father Komaru. Found dead on Whenua Hou in February 2021.
  • Tutū – hatched: 2019; mother: Tumeke, father: Te Atapo. Found dead 2021.
  • Millie – hatched: 2009; mother: Margaret-Maree, father: Merty. Found dead on Te Kakahu (Chalky Island) on 21 April 2021.[33]
  • Ihi – hatched: 2011; mother: Solstice, father: Waynebo;[13] mother of: Galaxy, Hondy '19. Found dead on Whenua Hou in June 2021.[34]
  • Xena – hatched 2019; mother: Ra, father: Hokonui. Found dead on Whenua Hou in June 2021.[34]
  • Jemma – hatched: 2009; mother: Pearl, father: Stumpy (by artificial insemination); mother of Lind ‘19.[22] Died 15 March 2022, likely from aspergillosis. [35]
  • Ra – hatched: 2009; mother: Solstice, father: Smoko (by artificial insemination);[22] mother of: Xena '19. Found dead on Anchor Island on 22 March 2022.

Males[edit]

  • Adler‡ – missing on Stewart island since 1981 (presumed killed by cats): hatched 1981; mother Nora, father Rangi
  • Tawbert‡ – missing in the Transit Valley since 1987, one of three Fiordland males known to have survived until then. May still be alive as booming was heard in the Transit in 2012.
  • Biscuit ‡ – missing presumed dead, one of three Fiordland males known to have survived until 1987. (Discovered on the Tutoko high bench in Fiordland in 1984).
  • Snark‡ – missing on Little Barrier Island since 1990: hatched 1981; mother Alice, father Buster
  • Gunter‡ – missing on Codfish Island / Whenua Hou since 1987. (Found on Stewart Island / Rakiura in October 1981).
  • Pierre‡ – missing on Codfish Island / Whenua Hou since 1988
  • Tramp‡ – missing on Codfish Island / Whenua Hou since 1988[36]
  • Al‡ – missing on Codfish Island / Whenua Hou since 2010: hatched: 2002; mother: Alice, father: Waynebo
  • Gerry – died: 1991
  • Pegasus – father of Stumpy '91; died: 1993
  • Rob – died: February 1994
  • Ken – first captured: 1988; died: July 1998 (transmitter harness injury)[37]
  • Gunner – died: winter 2005
  • Bill – first captured: 1982; father of Dobbie '91; Esperance, Horton, Rakiura '02; Pura, Yasmine '05; JEM '08; died: March 2008[7]
  • Lee – died: 28 October 2008[9]
  • Sass – father of Robbie, Palmersan, Te Kingi, Blake, Kuihi '02; Kumi '05; died: February 2010[38]
  • Richard Henry – first captured: 1975; father of Gulliver, Kuia, Sinbad '98; found dead: 24 December 2010[39][40] (The last bird from the South Island, he was captured by Don Merton, John Cheyne, and Mandy dog in 1975 in Fiordland National Park/Gulliver Valley/Esperance River, named after Richard Treacy Henry)
  • Whiskas – first captured: 1989; father of Tamahou, Tiaho, Te Atapo, Wiremu, Huhana, Scratch '09; died: January 2011
  • Waynebo – father of Ariki, Konini, Pearl, Al, Tumeke, Hine Taumai, Aparima '02; Pounamu '05; Ihi, Komaru, Stella '11; died: January 2012[22]
  • Rooster – hatched: 2008; mother: Sue, father: Basil; died: March 2012[9]
  • Barnard – first captured: 1982; father of Awarua, Waihopai, Hokonui '09; Hakatere, Taonga, Tia, Tutoko, Waa '11; died: April 2012[22]
  • Ben – father of Heather '81; died: April 2014
  • Lionel – first captured: 1981 (likely was a juvenile at the time); died: June 2014
  • Smoko – first captured: 1991; father of Bluster, Ra (by artificial insemination) '09; Clout, Percy '16; died: February 2016[41]
  • Tiaho – hatched: 2009; mother: Rakiura, father: Whiskas:[42] died March 2016 from fight.
  • Blake – hatched: 2002; mother: Jean, father: Sass; father of Hugh, Mukeke, Ninihi, Kokoto, Aumaria, Gertrude '16 Died: December 2017 from heat stress.[43]
  • Jimmy – Died: December 2017 from complications following an anesthetic procedure.[44]
  • Kotiu – hatched: 2016; mother Nora, father Blades – Died: February 2018
  • Dobbie – hatched: 1991; mother: Wendy, father: Bill; father of Mahli, Tohu '14 – Died: 12 March 2018[45]
  • Piripi – caught in January 1990. Died ca. 3 January 2019 of injuries consistent with fighting, possibly inflicted by Ngātapa.[46]
  • Arab – first captured by Gary ‘Arab’ Aburn[47] in 1980; father of Egilsay, Hera '16, Died 2 May 2019 from complications relating to an eye injury.[48]
  • Gumboots – first captured: 1988, died 3 May 2019 after getting his leg trapped in a forked branch on Whenua Hou and not being able to free himself.[49]
  • Merty – Hatched: unknown; mother: Lisa, father: Ralph; father of Wolf, Moss, Millie, Wharetutu ‘09. Declared dead. 21 May 2019, not seen for 5 years[50]
  • Felix – first captured: 1989; father of Hoki, Tiwai, Sirocco, Manu '97; Boomer, Morehu, Trevor '99; Maestro, Evohe '09, Attenborough, Punga, Faulkner '16. Died September 2019 on Little Barrier Island[51]
  • Koru – hatched: 2019; mother: Kuihi, father: Tutoko; found dead on Whenua Hou 5 August 2020.[52]
  • Pōtonga – hatched: 2019; mother: Evohe, father: Te Kingi. Found dead on Anchor Island in February 2021.
  • Uri – hatched: 2019; mother: Pura, father: Te Atapo. Found dead on Whenua Hou in March 2021.[53]
  • Jester – hatched: 2008; mother: Cyndy, father: Ox. Found dead on Little Barrier Island in April 2022
  • Juanma – hatched: 2009; mother: Pearl, father: Stumpy (by artificial insemination); father of Verity, Rātā ‘19.[22] Found dead in April 2022

Birds with Fiordland genetics[edit]

All kakapo with Fiordland genetics descend from Richard Henry.

Names marked † are of birds deceased

  1. Richard Henry - male captured 1975; Father or grandfather to all kakapo with Fiordland genetics. Found deceased 24 December 2010
  2. Gulliver - male hatched 1998; mother: Flossie; father: Richard Henry.
  3. Sinbad - male hatched 1998; mother: Flossie; father: Richard Henry.
  4. Kuia - female hatched 1998; mother: Flossie; father: Richard Henry.
  5. Gertrude - female hatched 2016; mother: Kuia, father: Blake.
  6. Marian - female hatched 2016; mother: Kuia, father: Kumi.
  7. Adelaide - female hatched 2016; mother: Kuia, father: Kumi.
  8. Henry - male hatched 2016; mother: Kuia, father: Kumi.
  9. Milford - male hatched 2019; mother: Suzanne, father: Gulliver.
  10. Fergus - male hatched 2019; mother: Suzanne, father: Gulliver.
  11. Eva - female hatched 2019; mother: Suzanne, father: Gulliver.
  12. Acheron - male hatched 2019; mother: Kuia, father: Tamahou.
  13. Mackenzie - male hatched 2019; mother: Kuia, father: Tamahou.
  14. Quill - male hatched 2019; mother: Kuia, father: Tamahou.
  15. Rahotu - male hatched 2019; mother: Nora, father: Sinbad (by artificial insemination).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Kakapo".
  2. ^ a b c d "Kakapo illness identified" (Press release). Biodiversity Information Online, New Zealand Government. 13 July 2004. Archived from the original on 14 October 2008.
  3. ^ B. D. Gartrell; M. R. Alley; H. Mack; J. Donald; K. McInnes; and P. Jansen (2005). Erysipelas in the critically endangered kakapo (Strigops habroptilus). Avian Pathology, 34 (5), 383–387. doi:10.1080/03079450500268583.
  4. ^ Merton, D. (2005). Kakapo update 2005. PsittaScene, 17 (2), 7–9.
  5. ^ "World kakapo population rises by five". NZ Herald. 31 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
  6. ^ "Ranger's Diaries: All eggs hatched". Kakapo Recovery Programme. 2008-04-08. Retrieved 2008-04-12.
  7. ^ a b "Ranger's Diaries: More chicks, but we've lost our friend Bill". Kakapo Recovery Progr04-01. Retrieved 2008-04-12.
  8. ^ "Ranger's Diaries: Sadness at Easter". Kakapo Recovery Programme. 2008-03-24. Retrieved 2008-04-12.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Spring has sprung!". Kakapo Recovery Programme. 2008-11-11. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
  10. ^ a b Mussen, Deidre (5 March 2009). "Kakapo back to nest after 21 years". The Sunday Star-Times. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
  11. ^ AMY MILNE (2009-05-16). "Another chance to see kakapo". The Southland Times.
  12. ^ DOC, Media release. "Kakapo males 'boom' on as legendary bird dies". NZ Department of Conservation.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h "Home of the Kakapo Recovery Programme | Kakapo Recovery Programme". Kakaporecovery.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
  14. ^ "Final Kakpo egg of the year hatches". Kakaporecovery.org.nz. Retrieved 2016-06-09.
  15. ^ Dr Andrew Digby [@takapodigs] (12 June 2016). "Another blow. #kakapo chick Zephyr2, 60d, has died. She was ill with respiratory condition and undergoing treatment" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  16. ^ "Kākāpō population reaches a record high of 213". www.doc.govt.nz. Retrieved 2022-01-24.
  17. ^ "Kākāpō Recovery". Department of Conservation. New Zealand.
  18. ^ "Sirocco has something to squawk about". Stuff. 2013-07-12. Retrieved 2022-01-24.
  19. ^ Bergner, Laura (2013). Conservation genetics of kakapo (Strigops habroptilus): Contemporary and historic samples reveal founder relationships and patterns of genetic diversity (Thesis thesis). University of Otago.
  20. ^ Twitter https://twitter.com/takapodigs/status/1481535306499510276. Retrieved 2022-01-24. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  21. ^ "Kākāpō Recovery". Department of Conservation. New Zealand.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao "Kakapo Nesting Table". Archived from the original on 4 June 2010. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
  23. ^ a b c d e f @takapodigs (8 June 2018). "We've finally (!) got #genetic paternity results for 2016 #kakapo chicks. No big surprises, but good to know that B…" (Tweet). Retrieved 8 January 2019 – via Twitter.
  24. ^ "Kakapo Nesting Table". Facebook. Archived from the original on 16 February 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  25. ^ "adopt-a-kakapo".
  26. ^ @takapodigs (16 May 2018). "We're currently searching on Hauturu for a potential missing #kakapo: clues are unidentified bird seen in 2015, and…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2018-05-16 – via Twitter.
  27. ^ First adult female death in 19 years
  28. ^ Kakapo Ellie found dead on Whenua Hou/Codfish Island
  29. ^ @takapodigs (17 August 2018). "148 left. #kakapo Jane has been found dead on Anchor. Not a shock as she was an old and arthritic bird, but still s…" (Tweet). Retrieved 31 January 2021 – via Twitter.
  30. ^ @takapodigs (22 April 2019). "A bitter blow for the #kakapo team past and present: last night the decision was made to euthanise Hoki, suffering…" (Tweet). Retrieved 31 January 2021 – via Twitter.
  31. ^ @takapodigs (24 May 2019). "Huhana was a favourite. She became the youngest female to breed in 2014 (5 years old), and was a great foster mum.…" (Tweet). Retrieved 31 January 2021 – via Twitter.
  32. ^ @takapodigs (21 May 2020). "Sad news from the #kakapo world tonight. On a wet and wild Anchor Island, the team have found adult female Mila (20…" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  33. ^ @takapodigs (21 April 2021). "More sad #kakapo news: adult female Millie has been found dead on Te Kakahu (Chalky Island), where she was transfer…" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  34. ^ a b Digby, Andrew. "Sad news from the #kakapo world: Ihi (adult female) and Xena (juvenile female) have been found dead on Whenua Hou. There are now 202 left. Pic credit: Brodie Philp. #conservation #parrots". Twitter. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  35. ^ Andrew, Digby (15 March 2022). Twitter https://twitter.com/takapodigs/status/1503860415876702209. Retrieved 2022-03-15. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  36. ^ Allison Ballance:"Kakapo. Rescued from the brink of extinction", Nelson 2010
  37. ^ "Kakapo Update". www.kakapo.net. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  38. ^ Old boy Sass farewelled. Retrieved 29 June 2010
  39. ^ William Stolzenburg. Rat Island, 2011. See "Acknowledgements".
  40. ^ Kakapo males ‘boom’ on as legendary bird dies Retrieved January 13th 2011
  41. ^ "First kakapo of the year safely hatched". 2016-02-19.
  42. ^ @takapodigs (9 March 2016). "Another adult #kākāpō death on Whenua Hou: Tiaho, a 7 year old male. Cause uncertain at present. #conservation" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016-03-09 – via Twitter.
  43. ^ "Endangered Fiordland kakapo dies from heat stress". Otago Daily Times Online News. 2017-12-05. Retrieved 2019-07-16.
  44. ^ "Kakapo Recovery".
  45. ^ "Kakapo Recovery". www.facebook.com. Archived from the original on 2022-02-26. Retrieved 2018-03-22.
  46. ^ "Anchor Update!". www.facebook.com. 2019-01-03. Archived from the original on 2022-02-26. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  47. ^ "The remarkable hunter that helped save the kākāpō". 2015-10-11.
  48. ^ @takapodigs (2 May 2019). "Sad to announce that we have lost another adult #kakapo. Arab was euthanised @aucklandzoo last night, following com…" (Tweet). Retrieved 31 January 2021 – via Twitter.
  49. ^ @takapodigs (5 May 2019). "The loss of #kakapo Gumboots is a particularly bad blow as he was a founder who'd had no offspring. He was found as…" (Tweet). Retrieved 31 January 2021 – via Twitter.
  50. ^ "Fungal disease is killing New Zealand's rare kākāpō". 21 May 2019.
  51. ^ "Sad news from the last couple of weeks". Facebook. 30 September 2019. Retrieved 2021-01-31.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  52. ^ Digby, Andrew. "Sad news from the #kakapo world: juvenile Koru was found dead on Whenua Hou today..." twitter.com. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  53. ^ Digby, Andrew. "Sad news from the #kakapo world: last week juvenile Uri was found dead on Whenua Hou". Twitter. Retrieved 10 March 2021.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]