List of kanji by concept

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This Kanji index method groups together kanji that describe things that deal with the same concept, for example kanji for numbers or kanji for directions.

Kanji with multiple meanings may appear more than once.

Physical properties and attributes[edit]


Colours; white; black; red; crimson; blue; yellow; green; gold; silver; violet; dark blue; vermilion; brown; indigo; brightly coloured

Shape, size, pattern, arrangement[edit]

shape; form; 姿 figure; pattern; design, pattern; circle; circular; curve; arc; ring, surround; ring; concave; convex; angle; diagonal; sphere; sphere; ball; line; row, line; line up; large; huge; small; minute; narrow; edge or border; edge; perimeter; boundary; frame, border; end, tip; side; corner; tall; long; short; wide; width

Miscellaneous properties[edit]

hard; soft; heavy; light (weight); solid, firm; liquid; strong; weak; thick; thick, concentrated; dilute, thin; slender; fine, delicate; delicate; sharp; fat, thick; deep; shallow; hot; hot; warm; warm; cold; cold; dry; dry; 湿 damp; moist; clean; dirty; sticky; glossy

Directions and spatial relationships[edit]

north; south; east; 西 west; left; right; down; up; front; back; rear, back; bottom; outside; inside/middle; inside; centre; interior; between; direction in; direction out; direction; near; distant; toward


come; go; travel; go, depart; return; go (esp. visit); fall, drop; go to; go beyond, exceed; fall over; fall down, crash; raise, elevate

Numbers, counting, sequence[edit]

number; 0; 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9; 10; 100; 1,000; 10,000; 100,000,000; 1,000,000,000,000; ordinal marker; first; second (ordinal); third (ordinal); digit; pair; many; few; half; both; each; every; next; the following; numerical order; sequence; sequence


general counter; counter for machines and vehicles; counter for flat things; counter for cylindrical things; counter for ships; counter for books; counter for animals; counter for small animals or insects; counter for large animals; counter for birds and rabbits; counter for articles; counter for pairs of footwear; counter for bonds, tickets; counter for cupfuls; counter for houses; counter for houses; counter for wheels and flowers; counter for tatami mats; counter for loaves of bread; miscellaneous counter counter for people

Handling amounts[edit]

calculation; times, double; increase, add; increase; decrease, consume; dwindle, decrease; shrink, contract; add to; division; divide; split in two


Units of length: Japanese foot (around 30 cm); 1/10 Japanese foot (around 3 cm); (around 0.3 mm); league (around 3.9 km)

Units of area: two-mat area (around 3.3 m²); 30 tsubo (around 100 m²)

Units of volume: ladle (around 18 ml); (around 1.8 l); (around 18 l); (around 180 l)

Units of weight: (around 3.75 grams); (around 600 g)


day; week; month; year; day of week; calendar; morning; noon; daytime; evening; evening; early evening; night; sunrise; rising sun; sunrise; sunset; time, hour; minute; second; now; early; late; before; after; long ago; former; formerly; recent; ahead, previous; interval of time; time period; a while; era; previous time; number of times; time, about; moment, occasion; number of times; antiquity; eternity; period of 10 days; begin; end; old; old; young; new


season; season; season, period; spring; summer; autumn; winter

Days of the week[edit]

weekday; Sunday; Monday; Tuesday; Wednesday; Thursday; Friday; Saturday


Sky and heavens[edit]

sun; sun or yang principle; moon; star; sky or heaven; sky or void; air; universe

Natural substances[edit]

metal or gold; silver; copper; lead; iron; pig iron; steel; ore; crystal; jewel; pearl or jewel; water; ice; steam, vapour; stone; coal; ash; earth; ground or earth; sand; sand; mud; salt; cinnabar; sulphur; acid, oxygen; nitrogen; timber, material; oil; fat

Weather and other natural phenomena[edit]

cloud; 𠆭 cloud; cloud; rain; rainbow; wind; snow; storm; climate; fine weather; haze or mist; lightning or thunder; fog or mist; frost; dew; wave; tide; whirlpool; flood; earthquake; natural disaster; dark; dark; dark; light; light; yin principle or shadow; shadow; smoke or fumes; electricity; magnet; fire; blaze

Landscape and topography[edit]

land; field; field; field; rice paddy; pasture; countryside; fertile soil; desert; mountain; peak or mountain; peak; mountain pass; hill; hill; hill; slope; foot of mountain; embankment; valley; mountain stream or valley; gorge; ravine; cave; rock or boulder; rock or boulder; river; river or stream; water spring; waterfall; shallows, rapids; ditch; levee; swamp; marsh; ocean or sea; ocean; open sea; lake; pond; lagoon; reef; creek or bay; bay, gulf; shore; seashore; beach; bay, beach; cliff; promontory or cape; promontory; headland; island


See also Food and Drink

dog; dog; cat; mouse; rabbit; horse; cow; 𠃠 cow; sheep; 𠁥 sheep; pig; 鹿 deer; beast; livestock; elephant; tiger; bear; wolf; fox; raccoon dog (tanuki); monkey; turtle; turtle; dolphin; whale; insect; insect; bee; mosquito; silkworm; firefly; ant; snake; worm/grub/maggot; rhinoceros; alligator or crocodile; octopus // dragon;


fish; shellfish; carp; crucian carp; minnow; trout; salmon; sea bass; sea bream; stone loach; cod; eel; goby; mackerel; sardine; scad / horse mackerel; herring; bullhead; catfish; / flounder; amberjack; sole; shark


bird; chicken; duck; hawk; crane; sparrow; owl; swallow; / crow

Animal parts[edit]

feather, wing; wing; fur; tail; tusk, fang; horn; claw

Plants and trees[edit]

See also Food and Drink

plant; tree; tree; grove; forest; pine; cedar; cherry; plum; pear; persimmon; horse chestnut; wisteria; mulberry; peach; willow; cinnamon tree; grass; rice plant; hemp or flax; bamboo; vine; brier; chrysanthemum; cultivation of plants; algae, seaweed; mushroom; fungi or bacteria; root; tree trunk; branch; leaf; flower; bud; seedling; stem



person; person (usually with qualifier); people; man; woman; male; female; old man; old woman; young lady; child; child; boy, sonny; son, boy; juvenile; gang or junior; I; I; I; he; you; oneself; oneself; self, ego

Roles and status[edit]

master or husband; husband or man; wife; wife or lady; king; emperor or sovereign; Mikado or emperor; princess; princess; princess, queen; empress; earl, count; lord, marquis; noble rank; man or gentleman; honorable person; honorable man or Han person; boy, high-status man; great man; gentleman; courtesy title; leader; person in charge; supervisor; expert; intermediary; 使 messenger; doctor; friend; colleague; fellow, comrade; guest, customer; guest, VIP; neighbour; servant, fellow; underling; hermit

Family relationships[edit]

family; family; name; father; mother; parent; wife, bride; daughter; younger brother; younger sister; older brother; older sister; grandfather; grandmother; ancestor; grandchild; aunt, uncle; aunt, uncle; nephew; niece; 婿 son-in-law, bridegroom; descendants; relatives; marry; matrimony; legitimate wife/family; widow


country; company; group; faction, group; association, assemble; flock, crowd



body; body; flesh; blood; vein; muscles; bone; marrow; joint; skin; skin; skin; wrinkle; gland

Head and neck[edit]

head; brain; hair; face; beard; forehead; ear; eye; eyeball; eyebrow; pupil; nose; jaw; mouth; lips; tooth; tongue; cheek; chin; throat; throat; neck

Torso and organs[edit]

torso; back; backbone; backbone; backbone; rib; chest; stomach; stomach; navel; waist; entrails; intestines; heart; lung; liver; pancreas; kidney; gall bladder; anus; vagina

Arms and legs[edit]

limb; arm; shoulder; armpit; elbow; hand; fist; finger; nail; palm; buttocks; thighs; leg; leg, foot; knee; ankle; heel

Body functions[edit]

sweat; tear; tear; saliva; sperm; 尿 urine; 便 faeces; foetus; pregnant; pregnant; birth; give birth; suckle; breath; sleep; sleep; sleep; dream

Health, illness, medicine[edit]

life; death; healthy; healthy; strength; illness; disease; disease; sick; epidemic; corpse; pain; tired; rest; weight loss; ulcer; pox; diarrhoea; cancer; wound; scar; medicine, doctor; heal; heal; cure; medicine; pill; drug

Gestures and sports[edit]

stand up; run; sit; jump; walk; swim; stop

Emotions and senses[edit]


emotion; feeling, emotion; feeling, mood; love; love; adoration; reverence, adoration; respect; respect; affection, benevolence; hate; like; dislike; contempt; fear or anxiety; fear or anxiety; fear or anxiety; fear or anxiety; fear; apprehension; sadness; sadness or pity; sadness, anxiety; anxiety, annoyance; melancholy; melancholy; regret; regret; remorse; yearning; yearning, adoration; yearning; grief; resentment; resentment; indignation, resentment; loneliness; fun; fun; fun; happiness; happiness; joy; joy; joy; joy; pleasure; laughter; doubt or suspicion; doubt; confusion; confusion; bewilderment; disconcertion; surprise; desire; anger; violent excitement; violent rage; indignation; pride; shame; shame; envy; envy; envy


see; hear; listen; sound; quiet; taste, flavour; bitter; pungent; touch, feel; smell; fragrant; fragrant; pleasant smell; bad smell; blind


think; think; correct; good; good; bad; reason

Food and drink[edit]

See also Animals and Plants

eat, meal; drink; rice; cooked rice, meal; rice cake; wheat or barley; grain; cereal; ear of grain; fruit; fruit; vegetable; bean; noodles; potato; flour; egg; sugar; meat; milk; dairy products; honey; confectionery; chestnut; alcoholic drink; sake; serve alcohol; vinegar; pickle; juice, soup; tea; cook; bake; roast, boil; steam; brew; fry; bowl of food; chopsticks; sushi

Man-made structures and artefacts[edit]

Towns, cities, buildings, structures, roads[edit]

village; town; city; capital city; metropolis; capital; street, city district; build; house; home; roof, house, shop; shop; villa; pavilion; garden; lawn, turf; garden, courtyard; room; room; corridor; wall; door; door; window; shelf; gate; fence; wall, fence; fence; dormitory; storehouse; storage room; warehouse; building; public building; imposing building; palace; 殿 hall, palace; hall; tower; tower; castle; base, fort; prison; 宿 inn; station; harbour; harbour; bridge; monument; wooden structure; beam, column; pillar; ridgepole; podium; pedestal; well; fireplace, hearth; path or road; path or road; way, route; fork in the road; crossroads

Vehicles and machines[edit]

vehicle, wheel; axle; machine; contraption; boat; boat; small boat; oceangoing ship; side of a ship; ride, board; board, load; power

Clothing and textiles[edit]

cloth; cloth, towel; garment; clothes; attire; silk; sleeve; hem, cuff; collar; belt; shoes; footwear; hat; wear; thread; sew; weave; spin (yarn); 綿 cotton; brocade

Miscellaneous manufactured items[edit]

article; vessel; bowl; bowl; cup; pot; kettle; plate, dish; board, plate; disk, board; basin, tray; bottle, jar; tin can; chopsticks; lid; stopper, plug; table; chair; desk; bed; tray, small table; box; lamp; bag; straw sack, bag; basket; fan; pillow; curtain; sail; tatami mat; umbrella; porcelain; pottery; tile; paper; paper; leather; paint; lacquer; rod; fibre; net; cord; rope; rope; string; needle; sickle; pipe; tank; chain; skewer; tool; key; lock; bell; bell; casting; mirror; coffin; stove, kiln; millstone, mortar; spindle, plumb; hinge, pivot; axe; fish hook

Human activities[edit]

Money and commerce[edit]

money or gold; coin; banknote; yen; currency; wealth; rich; buy; purchase; sell; business, industry; trade; 貿 trade; marketing; wholesale; pay; cowry (ancient Chinese currency); goods, property; treasure, wealth; product; manufacture; price; price; expensive; cheap; cheap; capital; fee or wages; fee; expense; management; employment; work; work, earn; salary; salary; recompense; debt, bond; savings; tax; tax; levy, instalment; bribe; bribe; gamble

Culture, arts, music, learning[edit]

art; picture, painting; picture; music; musical composition; song; song, noh chant; song; harmony; cithare, harp; flute; drum; clap, beat (music); tune, melody; poetry; recite poetry; haiku; drama, play; festival; school; study, school; student; private school; faculty; teach; study, research; study, research; know; graduate; Confucianism

Language, communication[edit]

language; say; speak; voice; tell; discuss; ask; question; answer; recite; read; write; book; text; map, diagram; writing, brush; character; word; words; phrase; written record; publish; document, journal; obituary; message; inform; explain; topic; express; transmit; discourse; lecture; proclaim

Religion, supernatural world[edit]

god; religion, sect; religion; sacred; pray; Buddha; Buddhist temple; Buddhist priest; Buddhist nun; Zen; Shinto shrine; temple; temple visit; shrine; sect; soul; spirit; demon, witch; ghost, devil; phantom, apparition; dragon; altar of sacrifice; sacrifice

Chinese-Japanese signs of zodiac[edit]

The four trines of the Chinese-Japanese horoscope:
A. 01. 鼠 (子) Rat - 05. 龍 (辰) Dragon - 09. 猴 (申) Monkey ; B. 02. 牛 (丑) Ox - 06. 蛇 (巳) Snake - 10. 雞 / 鷄 (酉) Rooster
C. 03. 虎 (寅) Tiger - 07. 馬 (午) Horse - 11. 狗 (戌) Dog ; D. 04. 兔 (卯) Rabbit - 08. 羊 (未) Goat - 12. 豬 (亥) China: Pig Japan: Boar

Note that in Japan the new sign of zodiac starts on January 1, while in China it starts, according to the traditional Chinese lunar calendar, at the new moon that falls between January 21 and February 20, so that persons born in January or February may have two different signs in the two countries.

War, fighting, weapons[edit]

military; battle; battle; enemy; attack; slash; attack or punish; kill; attack; attack; beat, assault; beat, attack; shoot at; raid; conquer; soldier; sword or katana; halberd; spear; sword; cut with a sword; shield; armour; samurai; ninja or shinobi; spy; bow; arrow; gun; gun or cannon; commander; sergeant; military officer; troops; corps; squad, corps; battle formation, camp; barracks; bomb; bullet; warship;

See also[edit]