List of karst areas

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Karst topography is a geological formation shaped by the dissolution of a layer or layers of soluble bedrock, usually carbonate rock such as limestone or dolomite, but also in gypsum.[1] It has also been documented for weathering-resistant rocks, such as quartzite, given the right conditions.[2] This is an incomplete list of the major karst landscape areas of the world.

Africa[edit]

Tsingy de Bemaraha, Madagascar

Madagascar[edit]

South Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Phong Nha Cave in Phong Nha-Ke Bang, Vietnam

China[edit]

Georgia[edit]

India[edit]

  • Yana caves
  • [Cudhdapah Basin, Chhattisgarh basin][4]
  • [Himalayas, Kashmir]
  • [Coastal areas]

Borra Cave or Bora Guhalu in Andhra Pradesh, Tapakeshwar Cave in Dehradun, Panchmari in Madhya Pradesh

Indonesia[edit]

Karst landscape at Rammang-Rammang, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Israel[edit]

Japan[edit]

Laos[edit]

Lebanon[edit]

Dunnieh mountains, North Lebanon

File:Halong_ensemble_(colour_corrected).jpg

Malaysia[edit]

Myanmar[edit]

Philippines[edit]

South Korea[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Taiwan[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

Karsts in Ha Long Bay, Vietnam

Europe[edit]

Albania[edit]

Austria[edit]

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Vrelo Bune, one of the largest wellspring in the world by any measure

Karst poljas (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: kraška polja)

Bulgaria[edit]

Croatia[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

Estonia[edit]

Kostivere karst area in Estonia.

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

Hungary[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

Lithuania[edit]

Malta[edit]

Montenegro[edit]

  • Dinaric Alps region (70% of the territory of Montenegro is Karst)

Poland[edit]

Portugal[edit]

"Mira d'Aire"'s Karst Lake, Portugal
"Mira d'Aire"'s Karst cave system, Portugal

Romania[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Slovakia[edit]

Slovenia[edit]

Škocjan Caves, Slovenia

Spain[edit]

El Torcal (Antequera – Spain)

Sweden[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

  • 7,900 square kilometres (3,100 sq mi), or 19% of the surface of Switzerland, is karst, within this area lies the majority of the 7,500 currently known Swiss caves, with an accumulated passage length of more than 1,200 kilometres (750 mi).[citation needed]

Ukraine[edit]

  • Podolia and Bukovina regions in the northeastern edge of the Carpathian Mountains which includes some of the largest gypsum caves in the world, including the Optymistychna Cave, which is over 200,000 meters in length, making it the longest cave in Eurasia, the third longest in the world, and the longest gypsum cave in the world.[citation needed]

United Kingdom[edit]

England[edit]

N. Ireland[edit]

Scotland[edit]

Wales[edit]

North America[edit]

Canada[edit]

Mexico[edit]

United States[edit]

Alaska

Arizona

California

Illinois

Indiana

Mammoth Cave, Kentucky

Kentucky

Michigan

Missouri, Arkansas

Nevada

New Mexico

Oklahoma

Oregon

South Dakota

  • Black Hills (Wind Cave, Jewel Cave)

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Virginia

West Virginia

Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Illinois

Central America and Caribbean[edit]

Belize[edit]

Cuba[edit]

Dominican Republic[edit]

Jamaica[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

South America[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Chile[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Papua New Guinea[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Glossary of Cave and Karst Terms". Speleogenesis Information Network. Retrieved 2009-05-04.
  2. ^ Geomorphological Landscapes of the World.
  3. ^ "Xiaozhai Tiankeng sinkhole". Virtual Globetrotting. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
  4. ^ http://carsologica.zrc-sazu.si/downloads/403/dar.pdf
  5. ^ "Wisata Gua Salukangkallang yang Menantang". Archived from the original on January 9, 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
  6. ^ "Stalactite Cave Nature Reserve". Israel Nature and Parks Authority. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  7. ^ Gerson, Ran (February 1974). "Karst processes of the eastern upper Galilee, Northern Israel". Journal of Hydrology. 21 (2): 131–152.
  8. ^ Joerg Dreybrodt and Helmut Steiner, 'Karst and caves of the Shan plateau in Myanmar', November 2015.
  9. ^ Marie Starr, 'Exploring Myanmar's vast network of limestone caves', Frontier, 13 April 2018.
  10. ^ Castleton, Karst hydrology By Christian Leibundgut, John Gunn, Alain Dassargues, International Association of Hydrological Sciences, 1998, ISBN 1-901502-40-6, accessed June 2009.
  11. ^ Mendip – Longest caves. Ukcaves.co.uk. Retrieved on 2011-06-08.
  12. ^ Northern Dales – Longest caves. Ukcaves.co.uk. Retrieved on 2011-06-08.
  13. ^ Forest Of Dean – Longest caves. Ukcaves.co.uk. Retrieved on 2011-06-08.
  14. ^ Assynt – Longest caves. Ukcaves.co.uk. Retrieved on 2011-06-08.
  15. ^ South Wales – Longest caves. Ukcaves.co.uk. Retrieved on 2011-06-08.
  16. ^ "Cave Stream Scenic Reserve". Department of Conservation. Retrieved 24 April 2014.