List of killings by law enforcement officers in Germany

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Listed below are people killed by nonmilitary law enforcement officers in Germany, whether in the line of duty or not, and regardless of reason or method. Also included are cases when people died in police custody due to applied techniques. Inclusion in the lists implies neither wrongdoing nor justification on the part of the person killed or the officer involved. The listing merely documents the occurrence of a death. The list below is not complete.

Statistics[edit]

year number of
killed[1][2]
number of
shots
fired on persons[3]
1952 31 minimum (u. a. Philipp Müller)
1963 4 min (NRW and Hessen only)
1964 2 min (NRW and Hessen only)
1965 6 min (NRW and Hessen only)
1966 4 min (NRW and Hessen only)
1967 2 min (Benno Ohnesorg, otherwise NRW and Hessen only)
1968 5 min (NRW and Hessen only)
1969 2 min (NRW and Hessen only)
1970 7 min (NRW and Hessen only)
1971 4 min (u.a. Petra Schelm, Georg von Rauch)
1972 4 min (u.a. Thomas Weisbecker, Ian McLeod, Richard Epple, Duifhus)
1973 5 min (Erich Dobhardt)
1974 10 (u.a. Günter Jendrian)
1975 13 (u.a. Werner Sauber)
1976 8 141
1977 17 (u.a. Helmut Schlaudraff) 160
1978 8 (u.a. Willi-Peter Stoll, Michael Knoll) 111
1979 11 104
1980 16 (u.a. Manfred Perder) 111
1981 17 93
1982 11 (u.a. Jürgen Bergbauer) 125
1983 24 53
1984 6
1985 10
1986 12
1987 7 92
1988 8 114
1989 10 102
1990 10 162
1991 9 271
1992 12 315
1993 16 307
1994 10 268
1995 21 221
1996 9 163
1997 10 172
1998 8
1999 15
2000 6
2001 6
2002 6
2003 3
2004 9
2005 4
2006 6
2007[4] 12[5] 46
2008[6] 10 37
2009[7] 6 57[8]
2010[9] 8 47
2011[10][11] 6 36[12]
2012[13] 8 36[14]
2013[1] 8 42
2014[15] 7 46
Sum 491 minimum 2452

The numbers before 1978 can not directly compared to the later numbers. The list was compiled 1997 for the first time, and the legal limit to keep records is 20 years. So some files may have been destroyed. The numbers do not include suicide.

Cases[edit]

2019[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2019-05-22 N.N. 34 Hamburg  Hamburg A British citizen was shot by police officers, after attacking them with a knife. Police was called by his spouse, because he threatened her an their mutual child.[16]
2019-04-30 N.N. 49 Frankfurt  Hessen A physician called the police to help transferring a patient to a psychiatric hospital. When the discussion with the heavily overweight patient, that also suffered from diabetes, became aggressive, a taser was used against the man, who collapsed and vomited. He was brought to a hospital and died there four days later. The death was caused by pneumonia, as a long-term consequence of getting vomit to the lungs.[17]
2019-04-29 N.N. 27 Hamburg  Hamburg Police was called to help in an emergency situation when a man was rioting and hitting colleagues at work. When officers arrived, he attacked them with a knife. He was disarmed and brought to the police station. There he had to be fixated, due to his aggressive behavior. After calming down, the fixation was freed. When being transferred to a cell he went aggressive again, so that enchaining was necessary. Shortly after his resistance he suffered from cardiac arrest and died in hospital on the 6th of May 2019. Investigations were announced.[18]
2019-04-18 N.N. 77 Bochum  Nordrhein-Westfalen A witness called the police, because he saw a man on the local cemetery, armed with a rifle. Police officers felt threatened by the man and shot him three times in the chest. He died later in hospital. Investigations turned out, the man was a hunter, ordered to control a rabbit population. The hunter's wife, who was also present at the scene, claimed her husband lay down his rifle immediately when the officers arrived and the shots were fired while the hunter was kneeling on the ground.[19]
2019-04-11 N.N. 28 Salzgitter  Niedersachsen An emergency call was received, that reported a man with a gunshot wound inside an apartment. When police and ambulance units arrived, a man inside the apartment was barricading himself. During negotiations he threatened SEK units with a gun. He was shot and died from a bullet piercing his spine. Inside the apartment the body of another man was found. The gun turned out to be a toy gun.[20]
2019-02-28 N.N. 46 Solingen  Nordrhein-Westfalen Police was called to help in a family conflict that escalated. When an officer was attacked with a knife, he shot the attacker who died later that night.[21]
2019-02-28 N.N. 20 Würzburg  Bayern A police cadet accidentally shot another fellow cadet inside police barracks. The unintentional discharge of the handgun occurred when the two cadets were alone in a room, shortly before going on guard duty. Even though, investigations just started to uncover how it came to the incident, the Minister of the Interior of the state of Bavaria referred to it as a wrongly unloaded weapon.[22]
2019-01-18 N.N. 56 Pirmasens  Rheinland-Pfalz A man was severely resisting to be brought to a psychiatric hospital. A police officer used his taser against the man, who suffered a heart attack and died shortly in the emergency room.[23]

2018[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2018-12-27 N.N. 36 Berlin  Berlin A man was rioting inside a bakery. When police officers arrived, he assaulted them. He was arrested and cuffed. Inside the police car he repeatedly hit his head against the windows. When arriving at the police station he attacked the officers again, so they defended themselves with pepper spray, to which he fell unconscious. The officers performed first aid and CPR on the man and he was brought to an ICU, but died on the 12th of January 2019.[24]
2018-12-16 N.N. 74 Bochum  Nordrhein-Westfalen Police who was called due to calls about someone disturbing the peace. When the man was stopped by two officers, he pulled a lighter in the shape of a revolver from his pants. The officers ordered the man to drop the weapon after which several shots were fired at him. He died on the scene.[25]
2018-12-09 N.N. 28 Rosa  Thüringen Police was called, because a man was threatening others with a pistol-shaped item. When the officers arrived at the scene, they were shot at from the man. He was hit and severely injured by return fire and died later in hospital.[26]
2018-11-26 N.N. 23 Bonn  Nordrhein-Westfalen Two police officers were in preparation to go to a shooting training, when one shot from his partner's pistol hit a police officer's neck. He fell into a coma and died two weeks later. It is still unclear why and under which circumstances he was shot. It was leaked that investigators suspect that his partner accidentally mistook his real life gun with a training dummy pistol and wanted to scare his colleague.[27]
2018-11-07 N.N. 21 Bad Oldesloe  Schleswig-Holstein Police responded to an emergency call, reporting a man with a knife. The described man was identified as a known homeless person, that was suffering from mental illness. Although he had committed minor crimes before, he was considered peaceful and no threat to the public. The man was ordered to put the knife down. Despite a warning shot and the use of pepper spray the man refused to follow the order and started stabbing in the direction of police officers. An officer shot twice, hitting the 21-year old in the chest. He died on the scene.[28]
2018-11-04 N.N. 45 Merzig  Saarland A 49-year old police officer shot his wife with his service pistol, before committing suicide.[29]
2018-10-27 N.N. 39 Braunschweig  Niedersachsen Police was called to an apartment building, where two unknown intruders were yelling loudly and disturbing neighbors. When the two persons were fleeing, a third person came out of a neighboring house and walked towards the officers, armed with a handgun. When ignoring orders to put the gun down, police shot the man. The handgun later was identified as a gas pistol.[30] The police officers who wore plain clothes, but it is unclear if they identified themselves properly and/or if the victim did recognized them as police officers.[31]
2018-10-19 N.N. 25 Kirchheim an der Weinstraße  Rheinland-Pfalz A mother was calling the police, stating that her son was under the influence of drugs and attacking her. Two arriving officers were also attacked and severely injured by the young man with scissors. The man then was shot by the police. His mother later died due to several stab wounds and head injuries, but was not wounded by shots from the police.[32]
2018-09-17 Ahmed, Ahmed 26 Kleve  Nordrhein-Westfalen The Syrian refugee was held in prison due to an identity mistake with a wanted thief. Under unclear circumstances, a fire broke out in his cell. When the prison staff recognized the situation and acted, he was heavily injured and died five days later in hospital.[33]
2018-05-30 N.N. 24 Flensburg  Schleswig-Holstein During a train ride, the conductor was asking via loudspeaker if any police was present in the train to help in a fight. An off-duty officer rushed to the scene. When she and another passenger were injured by an attacker with a knife she shot him. Both the officer and the other passenger were severely injured.[34]
2018-04-19 N.N. 38 Langenfeld  Nordrhein-Westfalen Police responded to an emergency call, that a man was firing a pistol from his balcony. The police decided to storm the apartment. When the SEK officers were being shot at while entering the apartment, they returned fire. The man later died in hospital. The gun was identified as gas pistol.[35]
2018-04-13 N.N. 19 Fulda  Hessen A man was attacking a bakery's employee and was rioting outside the store. Arriving police was also attacked with stones and a baton he took from one of the officers. After the attacker was hit by several shots he bled to death. Criticism was raised upon the number of shots fired by police. 12 shots were fired, but only four hit the body, two were considered deadly.[36]
2018-02-09 P., Hamid 43 Wuppertal  Nordrhein-Westfalen To fulfill an arrest warrant against the former president of an outlawed criminal boxing club, the SEK raided an apartment. The wanted person was shot by an officer. The circumstances that led to the death were investigated by police and the persecutions office. In January 2019 it was concluded that the death of Hamid P. was a tragic accident. The officer interpreted the flash and blast of a stun grenade that was used as a gunshot and the cellphone in the victim's hand as a pistol.[37][38]
2018-01-22 N.N. 41 Darmstadt  Hessen Police was called to a case of domestic violence. When arriving a man attacked the officers with two knifes. He died after both officers shot at him.[39]

2017[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2017-10-28 N.N. 19 Mörfelden-Walldorf  Hessen When two young men got into an argument, one took out a knife, injured the other and stole his backpack. When polive arrived and tried to arrest the knifer, he attacked the officers. The three officers shot 25 times in total, hitting him several times in arms, legs and one fatal shot to the chest. He died during medical care of an emergency physician at the scene.[40]
2017-10-23 N.N. 54 Alsfeld  Hessen Police was called to a house where gunshots were heard. When the arriving police officers identified that the shots were live rounds, the SEK was called to handle the situation. When the shooter - a drunk man - was schooting at the police officers, he was shot and hit deadly.[41]
2017-08-04 N.N. 23 Mittelherwigsdorf  Sachsen Police was called to a house in a case of domestic violence. The 23-year-old son was suspected to have attacked his mother. In the following events the police shot the son. Details of the incident are unclear.[42]
2017-06-19 N.N. 50 Heidelberg  Baden-Württemberg A 44-year old police officer shot his brother with his service pistol, before committing suicide.[43]
2017-05-25 N.N. 46 Echzell  Hessen A 57-year old police officer shot his wife with a pistol, before committing suicide.[44]
2017-04-16 N.N. 35 Braunschweig  Niedersachsen After rioting in a brothel a man was pepper sprayed by police officers and arrested. Later he died in police custody due to heart failure.[45]
2017-04-12 N.N. 64 Beetzseeheide  Brandenburg In the case of a missing person, police found the man they were searching for. When being approached, the man threatened the officers with a gun. In the following events the man was hit by a shot in the upper leg, but was able to escape. A SEK tracked the person down and tried to arrest him. As he threatened the officers with his gun, he was shot.[46]
2017-03-17 N.N. 42 Emmendingen  Baden-Württemberg A 58-year old police officer shot his wife and dog with his service pistol, before committing suicide.[47]
2017-01-31 N.N. 25 Berlin  Berlin Emergency responders called the police in assistance to a case of a man, who threatened to hurt others and commit suicide. He also threatened to shoot through his apartment door, while the paramedics were talking to the man. Police broke into the apartment through the door. When the man was not reacting to police orders to put a knife down, he was shot.[48]

2016[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2016-11-26 N.N. 37 Hamburg  Hamburg Police was called to an apartment building. When the officers encountered a man armed with a knife they used pepper spray on him, to which he didn't react. When being attacked, at least one officer fired upon the perpetrator, who died later in hospital.[49]
2016-10-18 N.N. N.N. Hagen  Nordrhein-Westfalen A man entered an insurance bureau and got into an argument with one of the insurance agents working there. The man stabbed the employee several times with a knife and hit him with a machete. After the severely injured was fleeing outside and hiding in a nearby snack bar, the arriving police shot the man after he tried to attack the officers. The attacker was later described as an odd person with mental problems. The employee survived.[50]
2016-10-17 N.N. 48 Moers  Nordrhein-Westfalen Police was called to a traffic accident. When one of the involved persons tried to flee, police chased him. When the officers were able to confront hin, he attacked them with a knife. He was shot and died later in hospital, even though the officers did successfully an CPR on him.[51]
2016-09-27 Fadl, Hussam 29 Berlin  Berlin The police shot a refugee, that was attacking another person in police custody. The person in custody was suspected to have sexually molested the refugee's daughter.[52]
2016-08-18 N.N. 53 Dortmund  Nordrhein-Westfalen In the arrest of a presumed pimp, the SEK raided an apartment. The suspect opened fire on the officers. During the shootout the suspect was killed.[53]
2016-07-18 Ahmadzai, Riaz Khan aka Riyad, Muhammad 17 Würzburg  Bayern The Würzburg train attack was a terroristic attack inside a train, when a underage asylum-seeker from Afghanistan injured several passengers with a hatchet. During his escape he was shot by a SEK. The investigation showed doubts in the terrorist's identity, origin and age. It is presumed that he is from Pakistani descent and got radicalized shortly before the attack, admitting himself to the IS.[54]
2016-07-13 N.N. 62 Ehrharting  Bayern Police was instructed to support the transfer of a special care home resident to a psychiatric hospital. When police arrived, the resident attacked the officers with a knife, injuring both of them. He was killed by an unknown number of gunshots.[55]
2016-07-07 N.N. 31 Groß Rosenburg  Sachsen-Anhalt Police responded to an emergency call. A family of hunters had an serious argument, a member was threatening others with a hanggun. Thus it was known, that several firearms are stored inside the house, a SEK took over control, killing the family's son that was armed with a revolver.[56]
2016-06-23 N.N. N.N. Viernheim  Hessen A unidentified attacker, armed with a submachine gun, took hostages in a cinema. The hostage-taker was killed the SEK during the rescue operation. It was reported, that the by the attacker used submachine gun, was only blank firing.[57]
2016-05-29 N.N. 28 Filderstadt  Baden-Württemberg A man was waving around with a machete in a public area. When alerted police units arrived, the man attacked the officers. He was hit by gunshots, dying at the scene.[58]
2016-05-06 N.N. 36 Brachbach  Rheinland-Pfalz Police was called by neighbors, informing that a man was rioting and screaming inside an apartment. He was armed with knifes and did not follow orders to leave the house. When police raided the apartment the man attacked police officers. After the use of pepper spray to which he showed no reaction. In the following police shot the man, causing his death.[59]
2016-05-05 N.N. 42 Ludwigshafen  Rheinland-Pfalz A polive patrol in the city center of Ludwigshafen was attacked by a homeless person with a knife. While one officer was wounded, the other was able to stop attacker with the use of his service pistol.[60]
2016-03-02 N.N. N.N. Berlin  Berlin When police wanted to arrest four suspected burglars, the getaway car driver tried to escape. Police fired a minimum of one shot, hitting the driver deadly.[61]

2015[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2015-12-10 N.N. 29 Jever  Niedersachsen A 30-year old police officer killed his wife with his service pistol, before committing suicide.[62]
2015-12-01 N.N. 48 Erfurt  Thüringen In the case of the eviction of an apartment, the resident attacked police and firefighters with an axe. As the apartment was stormed, the resident injured an officer with the axe and was shot. He later died in hospital.[63]
2015-11-02 N.N. 46 Gronau  Nordrhein-Westfalen Police was called, because a dispute between several people got out of control. One of the participants had a knife, which he used to stab towards the officers. He was shot twice and died.[64]
2015-10-29 N.N. N.N. Naumburg  Sachsen-Anhalt Police was called to an amusement hall, because a man was threatening an employee with a knife. When the man started to attack police and bystanders, he was shot by one of the officers.[65]
2015-09-17 Rafik Yousef 41 Spandau  Berlin Police were called by citizens who reported a “madman with a knife”. As the first police officer to arrive at the scene emerged from her vehicle, Yousef attacked, stabbing her in the neck just above her protective vest. Her partner immediately drew his gun and shot the knife-wielding man four times.
2015-05-17 N.N. 39 Oberhausen  Nordrhein-Westfalen A man stabbed another man in the vestibule of a police station. When he refused to put away his knife, police officers fired several shots, killing him.[66]
2015-05-17 N.N. 74 Rodgau  Hessen A retired man should be accompanied to a clinic. He refused to be brought there and shot at the paramedics and police officers, who responded fire, killing him. Due to the fact that he was a legal gun owner and the police was expecting resistance, a SEK was already present at the scene.[67]
2015-04-28 N.N. 40 Grünstadt  Rheinland-Pfalz Police was called to negotiate in a dispute between a married couple. When the officers arrived at the apartment, the husband tried to attack them with a knife. He was shot in the stomach and died later in hospital.[68]
2015-03-11 N.N. 48 Memmingen  Bayern The police wanted to arrest the man who was sentenced to one year in prison. When the six officers approached him, he drew a knife. Through the shot, the man suffered life-threatening injuries to the trunk and died later in hospital.[69]
2015-02-01 N.N. 31 Bad Zwischenahn  Niedersachsen A naked man was throwing objects out of his window on the streets and attacked poice officers immediately when they arrived at his door. A police officer killed hin, when he tried to stab another policeman who had lain on the ground.[70]

2014[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2014-08-01 Haberstroh, Klaus 55 Freiburg  Baden-Württemberg A police officer caused a hit-and-run accident under the influence of alkohol, in which the driver of a motorcycle died. The police officer flew from the scene by foot and hided in a colleagues house to wait until he was sober again. The policeman was charged with negligent homicide to two years in prison.[71]
2014-07-25 B., André 33 Burghausen  Bayern Two plainclothes police officers tried to arrest a convicted cannabis dealer near his flat. The man attempted to flee from the policemen and was shot in the back of the head.[72]
2014-07-11 N.N. 46 Asbach-Bäumenheim  Bayern A police officer was shooting inside and around his house. When a SEK raided the house after negotiations failed, there were shot at, returned fire and killed their colleague. The police officer was presumely suffering from personal problems.[73]

2013[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2013-07-10 N.N. 36 Planegg  Bayern A 38-year old police officer killed his former life partner with a pistol. He waited for the woman to leave the building she was working in, followed her and shot her five times, before committing suicide several minutes later.[74]
2013-06-28 F., Manuel 31 Berlin  Berlin A man claimed to be mentally ill stripped off his clothes, climbed naked into a fountain, brandished a knife and cut himself. After police arrived at the scene to arrest the man, he walked towards one of the officers with the knife drawn. When the man did not stop after being requested to, the officer fired one shot, killing him.[75]
2013-06-07 N.N. 71 Starnberg  Bayern A mentally ill man drew a knife in front of a police station; he was then shot seven times by three police officers.[76]
2013-05-25 P., Jürgen 49 Geltendorf  Bayern A suspicious minivan with strange looking markings of German Military Police and a blue emergency beacon on its roof was reported to police. As two policemen arrived on the scene, the driver immediately opened fire on the officers which they returned. The attacker was hit deadly by police, one officer was wounded by a shot being stopped from his bulletproof vest. Investigations turned out that the attacker was a wanted serial robber, that raided several shops and gas stations in the months before.[77]

2012[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2012-10-06 Conrad, André 50 Berlin  Berlin A man had been reported to walk around with a knife and an axe. He has been claimed to have attacked police officers. According to the police, he ignored all commands and did not respond to mace. He was then shot multiple times, and died two weeks later.[78]
2012-08-01 N.N. 51 Elsfleth  Niedersachsen A man claimed to be mentally ill was visited by the social-psychiatric service of the district (German: Sozialpsychiatrischer Dienst), which requested police support. It is claimed that when the door was opened, the man immediately attacked one of the two police officers. The other officer is said to have fired multiple shots, mortally wounding the man.[79] Investigations against the shooter are pending.[80]
2012-05-07 N.N. 47 Aichach  Bayern Perpetrator shot after attacking his neighbor and responding police officers with an axe.[81]
2012-02-26 N.N. 57 Maintal-Bischofsheim  Hessen A man was claimed to be throwing bottles from his flat onto the street and causing a disturbance. Police forced entry into the apartment of the man, who is said to have threatened the officers with knives. Police fired several shots, killing the man. The investigation by the prosecutor against the officers was dropped.[82]
2012-01-21 N.N. 8 Saarlouis  Saarland A 49-year old police officer killed his daughter with his service pistol, before committing suicide.[83]

2011[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2011-12-01 N.N. 59 Monheim  Nordrhein-Westfalen When a man was being taken from his apartment to a special care residency, he attacked police officers with a knife. He was hit by bullets and bled to death, before paramedics arrived.[84]
2011-10-26 N.N. 47 Cuxhaven  Niedersachsen A man who was claimed to have "rampaged", attacked and threatened people in an administration building in the District of Cuxhaven was shot by one of the responding officers. The killed person is claimed to have approached the police with an iron bar. The prosecutor dropped the investigations against the 25-year-old police officer.[85]
2011-08-24 H., Andrea 53 Berlin  Berlin Andrea H., who was claimed to be mentally ill, was supposed to be compulsorily committed to a psychiatric hospital. It is claimed that she fought against this using a knife and injuring an officer, after which a colleague of the injured officer shot her.[86]
2011-05-19 Schwundeck, Christy 39 Frankfurt  Hessen Christy Schwundeck, a Nigerian-born, German-naturalized woman whose marriage had broken up and who had a history of depression, was rejected monetary assistance in Frankfurt Jobcenter and was requested to leave. She refused and the police was called in. Two officers, a 30-year-old male and a 28-year-old female, were confronted by the woman, who injured the male officer with a machete. The female officer pointed her service pistol at Christy Schwundeck and, after several verbal warnings and a threatening movement by the suspect towards the officer, the latter shot her. Christy Schwundeck died later in hospital. The case against the female officer has been dropped in spite of a formal request by Christy Schwundeck's relatives to re-open it.[87]

2010[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2010-12-30 49 München  Bayern A woman threatened a police officer with a knife. After she did not react to pepper spray, the officer fired a shot, killing her.[88]
2010-12-10 N.N. 40 Karlsruhe  Baden-Württemberg After a successful bank robbery at a Volksbank the so-called "gentlemen robbers" opened fire on the arriving police. During the following shoot-out with the police, the male robber from Czech Republic was killed by the police while his 38 years old wife shot herself.[89][90]
2010-09-19 R., Sabine 41 Lörrach  Baden-Württemberg During the 2010 Lörrach hospital shooting 41-year-old lawyer Sabine R. killed her husband, son, a male nurse and injured 18 people. She was shot by the police.
2010-06-07 N.N. 10 Oranienburg  Brandenburg A 32-year-old female police officer killed both her children before committing suicide.[91]
2010-06-07 N.N. 5 Oranienburg  Brandenburg A 32-year-old female police officer killed both her children before committing suicide.[91]
2010-05-17 N.N. N.N. Hanau  Hessen A bank robber was shot by police and died later in hospital, after he hit an officer with his vehicle on his escape.[92]

2009[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2009-12-24 N.N. 19 Leimen  Baden-Württemberg Three masked men robbed a gas station and ran into a random passing police patrol unit. One robber opened fire with his gas pistol on the police officers and was shot in the following.[93]
2009-11-10 N.N. 48 Frankfurt  Hessen Police officers stopped a car to control the driver after an emergency call. The driver instantly opened fire upon the officers and was killed in the following firefight, one officer was severely injured by gunshots.[94]
2009-08-20 N.N. 47 Ruppichteroth  Nordrhein-Westfalen A bank robber shot a police officer during a pursuit in the chest. At the following shootout, the robber was hit in the head and died. The police officer was severely injured, but survived.[95]
2009-04-30 Eisenberg, Tennessee [de] 24 Regensburg  Bayern A flatmate of student Tennessee Eisenberg called police about him acting madly and making stabbing motions towards his flatmates. Four police cars showed up, with several officers confronting Eisenberg, who threatened them with a knife. The exact events following have been subject to much scrutiny, as claims by police officers are inconsistent with the nature of the wounds inflicted; it has been established that the fatal shots were fired after Eisenberg had been subdued by warning shots and pepper spray, several shots even hitting him in the back. No officers had to appear in court.[96]

2008[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2008-12-31 J., Dennis 26 Schönfließ  Brandenburg During an attempted arrest a police officer shot multiple times at the unarmed Dennis J., killing him. The shooter was given a suspended sentence, the other accusees were sentenced to monetary penalties.[97]

2007[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2008-12-02 L., Marita 44 Neumünster  Schleswig-Holstein The 47-year old police officer Jörg L. killed his ex-wife and her new partner with his service pistol. He committed suicide in the city of Kiel, several hours later.[98]
2008-12-02 B., Jürgen 52 Neumünster  Schleswig-Holstein The 47-year old police officer Jörg L. killed his ex-wife and her new partner with his service pistol. He committed suicide in the city of Kiel, several hours later.[98]

2005[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2005-01-07 Jalloh, Oury 37 Dessau  Saxony-Anhalt Oury Jalloh, a Sierra Leonean refugee living in Germany, died in a fire in a holding cell in the police station in Dessau. The hands and feet of Jalloh, who was alone in the cell, were tied to a mattress. A fire alarm went off, but was initially turned off without further action by an officer. The case caused national and international outrage. The circumstances and their investigation are still contested.

2004[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2004-12-27 Condé, Laya-Alama [de] 35 Bremen  Bremen Police officers arrested Condé, because they assumend he was selling drugs. When they recognized that he was swallowing something, he was brought to a police station where a police physician applied an emetic forcefully by a stomach tube. During the procedure of vomiting he suffered from a lack of oxygen, went comatose and died from cerebral hypoxia on the 2005-01-07 without regaining consciousness.[99]
2004-04-23 N.N. 21 Neuss  Nordrhein-Westfalen A man took his former girlfriend as a hostage and threatened to kill her and himself. He was shot by police during the rescue operation.[100]

2003[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2003-05-22 S., Waltraud 48 Vöhl  Hessen The 51-year old police officer Edmund S. killed his wife and two sons with his service pistol, before committing suicide. A found suicide note revealed, that S. was suffering from depression and fear about the future.[101]
2003-05-22 S., Dominik 19 Vöhl  Hessen The 51-year old police officer Edmund S. killed his wife and two sons with his service pistol, before committing suicide. A found suicide note revealed, that S. was suffering from depression and fear about the future.[101]
2003-05-22 S., Steffen 14 Vöhl  Hessen The 51-year old police officer Edmund S. killed his wife and two sons with his service pistol, before committing suicide. A found suicide note revealed, that S. was suffering from depression and fear about the future.[101]

2002[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2002-05-11 Neisius, Stephan 30 Köln  Nordrhein-Westfalen The incident known as Cologne police scandal [de] was a case of police brutality, torture and misdemeanor, that led to the death of Stephan Neisius († 2002-05-24). Neisius, a known psychiatric patient that also suffered from thrombosis, was arrested in suspicion of domestic violence. From the beginning of the arrestation, heavily force was needed to handcuff Neisius and transport him to the police station. There he was beaten and kicked while his hands and feet were cuffed. Wittnesses said he was lying in a puddle of blood when paramedics brought him to a hospital, where he suffered from a cardiac arrest and fell into a coma from which he did not awake anymore. Six officers were charged with common bodily harm with fatal consequences and were removed from police service.[102]

2001[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
2001-12-12 John, Achidi [de] 19 Hamburg  Hamburg Police officers arrested John, because they assumend he was selling drugs and was a bodypacker. He was brought to a hospital, where a physician applied an emetic forcefully by a stomach tube. After the procedure he fell to the ground and died from a combination of heart defect, use of cocaine and the stress of the procedure.[102]

1999[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1999-12-28 N.N. 69 Darmstadt  Hessen A retired man threatened people in the city center with a gun. When police officers arrived, he shot at them and was injured by a police bullet. He died two weeks later in a hospital under unclear circumstances, whether the wound from the bullet caused his death.[103]
1999-12-22 H., Adnan 46 Aachen  Nordrhein-Westfalen A man took hostages inside a bank, demanding money. To raise pressure he killed one hostage and trapped another with a hand grenade. After intensive negotiation he was shot by a police marksman.[103]
1999-12-13 N.N. 45 Siegen  Nordrhein-Westfalen After a shooutout in front of a nightclub, police raided an apartment of a suspect. In a melee with the suspect's father, a shot discharged from an officer's service pistol, hitting the man in the head.[103]
1999-12-10 Dr. Nikolov Dimitrov, Zdravko 36 Braunschweig  Niedersachsen The physicist with a Bulgarian citizenship, should be transported to Bulgaria, because his application for asylum was denied. When he announced to commit suicide, police officers called for assistance by a SEK. When the specially trained officers approached Dr. Nikolov he presumely attacked them with a knife. He was shot and died in hospital ten days later.[103]
1999-12-07 N.N. 31 Braunschweig  Niedersachsen A man injured two neighbors with a knife. When police officers tried to arrest him, he attacked them and was hit deadly by police gunshots.[103]
1999-11-24 N.N. 25 Geldern  Nordrhein-Westfalen When police encountered a presumed robber, he flew. When not responding to stop, he was shot in the head from behind.[103]
1999-10-15 N.N. 43 Passau  Bayern When police wanted to control an aggressive man, who pulls out a knife and attacked an officer. He was shot and died.[103]
1999-09-06 N.N. 40 Bremen  Bremen A person called the police due to an unknown man with a knife who was sneaking around the house. When police encountered the man, he stabbed one officer and was shot several times. He died at the scene. The reasons and background to the incident are unclear.[103]
1999-09-01 H., André 28 Berlin  Berlin Police chased a post robber when it came to a shootout. The robber was able to flew and was found dead later.[103]
1999-08-09 N.N. 22 Magdeburg  Sachsen-Anhalt Police raided the apartment of a robber and murderer. Even though the police officers used stun grenades, they were shot at. The attacker was hit deadly in the following shootout.[103]
1999-07-23 Hammerschmidt, Udo 41 Hamburg  Hamburg Police raided the apartment of a presumed drug dealer. When beiing shot at, police shot the man in the waist. He died later in hospital. The reasons and circumstances of the police raid are unclear.[103]
1999-06-27 Beate, Friedhelm [de] 63 Heldrungen  Thüringen The retired Friedhelm Beate was visiting Heldrungen as a tourist and was mistaken by hotel guests for the fugitive felon Dieter Zurwehme. As armed plain-clothes officers attempted to gain access to his room, he assumed that they are robbers. Attempting to prevent them from entering the room, he was shot through the door. The case against the shooters was dropped.[104]
1999-06-29 B., Thomas 29 Hamburg  Hamburg Police was called by neighbors, due to noise disturbances. A man opened the door, armed with a knife. When the man refused to lay down the knife, he was shot.[103]
1999-06-11 Z., Saffet 43 Hamburg  Hamburg A man was rioting in his house. When police arrived he injured an officer with a knife and was shot by another officer.[103]
1999-05-28 Ageeb, Aamir 30 German airspace, Flight LH588  Deutschland The Sudanese citizen who resisted his deportation was killed due to Positional asphyxia caused by fixation. Three Bundesgrenzschutz officers were charged with voluntary manslaughter, but remained in office due to a reduced sentence. In the aftermath, the fixation techniques that were used, have been considered torture by the Committee for the Prevention of Torture.[105][106]
1999-04-24 N.N. N.N. Bad Arolsen  Hessen A burglar attacked police officers with a crowbar. He was shot in the chest and died in the ambulance.[103]
1999-04-16 N.N. 26 Neuberg  Hessen Neighbors informed police about a burglary at a kiosk. Whem officers arrived at the scene, several persons flew. One person was shot in the back under unclear circumstances.[103]
1999-04-13 N.N. 41 Lamprecht  Rheinland-Pfalz A drunk man rioted inside his apartment and started a fire. When police arrived, he attacked them with a metal rod. He was shot and died later in hospital.[103]
1999-03-25 N.N. 44 Ennigerloh  Nordrhein-Westfalen A mentally ill person attacked a family member with an axe. When police arrived he was shot to avoid an attack on the relative.[103]
1999-01-17 N.N. 19 Karlsruhe  Baden-Württemberg Due to several bank robberies, a car was stopped by the police. The driver flew and was later stopped again. One officer opened fire upon the driver, killing him.[103]

1994[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1994-08-30 Bankole, Kola N.N. Frankfurt  Hessen The Nigerian citizen who resisted his deportation was fixated and gagged. When a physician - who was working for the police - gave a sedative injection, Bankole died of heart failure.[107]

1993[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1994-03-11 Mangaoglu, Ali 41 Hamburg  Hamburg The Turkish diplomat Ali Mangaoglu shot a drunk person who attacked him with his handgun. When a police officer came along, the diplomat pointed his gun at the officer. The policeman shot once at the diplomat, killing him.[108]

1990[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1990-11-03 Polley, Mike [de] 18 Leipzig  Sachsen During riots between two rivalized hooligang groups and the police, one person was shot by the police. The exact circumstances, whether the use of a firearm was legal, are unclear.[109]

1989[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1989-06-30 C., Kemal [de] 13 Essen  Nordrhein-Westfalen The teenager Kemal C. flew from a by him caused accident, with his moped. When being stopped he was taking a police officer's gun while wrestling with him on the ground. After he tried to escape and shot several times at the police, he was surrounded in an area of allotments and was shot five times standing on a roof of a hut. He fell to the ground and bled to death. The incident caused major political troubles due to the age of the shooter and police operational tactics.[110]

1986[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1986-10-XX Soucka, Markku 27 München  Bayern The Finnish citizen was taking a hostage, dragging it into a car. When threatening to kill the hostage, police shot him. The circumstances, how it came to the hostage crisis and why the police used deadly force, are unclear.[111]

1985[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1985-10-20 Wolkenstein, Klaus-Detlef 33 West Berlin  Berlin In an emergency call, a presumed burglary was reported. Incoming police officers encountered the visually impaired Wolkenstein who lost his glasses and came drunk from a company party. In an unclear situation he was shot and died.[112]
1985-10-13 Poehlke, Gabriel 4 Torre Canne  Apulia, Italy Victim of police officer, bank robber and serial killer Norbert Poehlke. Poehlke killed his younger son with a faceshot from his service pistol before committing suicide.[113][114]
1985-10-13 Poehlke, Adrian 7 Strümpfelbach  Baden-Württemberg Victim of police officer, bank robber and serial killer Norbert Poehlke. Poehlke killed his older son with a faceshot from his service pistol.[113][114]
1985-10-13 Poehlke, Ingeborg 47 Strümpfelbach  Baden-Württemberg Victim of police officer, bank robber and serial killer Norbert Poehlke. Poehlke killed his wife with a headshot from his service pistol.[113][114]
1985-09-28 Sare, Günter [de] 36 Frankfurt  Hessen At a demonstration the police used water cannons to diffuse the protesting crowd. One person was hit with the water stream and injured severely when hitting the ground. Somehow he was overrunned by the water cannon itself later and died.[115]
1984-07-22 Schneider, Wilfried 26 Ilsfeld  Baden-Württemberg Victim of police officer, bank robber and serial killer Norbert Poehlke. Poehlke killed Schneider with a faceshot from his service pistol and used his victim's car as a getaway-vehicle.[113][114]

1984[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1984-12-21 Wethey, Eugene Richard 37 Großbottwar  Baden-Württemberg Victim of police officer, bank robber and serial killer Norbert Poehlke. Poehlke killed Wethey with a faceshot from his service pistol and used his victim's car as a getaway-vehicle.[113][114]
1984-07-XX N.N. 39 Dormagen  Nordrhein-Westfalen A drunk driver caused an accident and overran a red light. When approached by a police officer with a pulled gun pointing at the driver, a shot was release unintentionally, when the officer was pushed by his partner. The shot killed the driver instantly. Why the gun was pulled and pointed at the driver remains unclear.[112]
1984-05-03 Pfitzer, Siegfried 47 Marbach am Neckar  Baden-Württemberg Victim of police officer, bank robber and serial killer Norbert Poehlke. Poehlke killed Pfitzer with a faceshot from his service pistol and used his victim's car as a getaway-vehicle.[113][114]

1983[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1983-09-29 Delahaye, Karl 40 Alsdorf  Nordrhein-Westfalen Police responded to a bank robbery. When the two robbers left the bank together with two hostages, the officers opened fire on the getaway car from several guns, including fully automatic submachine guns. Even though the robbers were wearing masks and the hostages didn't, the officers did not think of the possibility that they were kept as hostages. In the result, hostage Mertens died at the scene, hostage Delahaye one month later, bank robber Erwin Naujoks got paralized, bank robber Wolfgang Vobis was severely injured.[116]
1983-09-29 Mertens, Alfred 25 Alsdorf  Nordrhein-Westfalen Police responded to a bank robbery. When the two robbers left the bank together with two hostages, the officers opened fire on the getaway car from several guns, including fully automatic submachine guns. Even though the robbers were wearing masks and the hostages didn't, the officers did not think of the possibility that they were kept as hostages. In the result, hostage Mertens died at the scene, hostage Delahaye one month later, bank robber Erwin Naujoks got paralized, bank robber Wolfgang Vobis was severely injured.[116]
1983-03-20 Bergbauer, Jürgen 14 Gauting  Bayern Police officers were on patrol, because of an ongoing series of burglaries. They deemed the teenager for a burglar and shot him in an unclear situation.[117]
1983-03-07 Kaiser, Joachim 19 Augsburg  Bayern The teenager was drunk drivin in his car. Police officers shot several times at his car, killing him in an unclear situation.[117]
1983-03-05 Heins, Alf 18 Hamburg  Hamburg The teenager was deemed by a plainclothed police officer for a car thief and was shot unintensionally.[117]
1983-03-XX N.N. 21 Ötisheim  Baden-Württemberg A car thief was killed by police in a shootout. He was armed with a gas pistol.[118]

1982[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1982-11-XX Piber, Andreas 18 West Berlin  Berlin In the case of attempted burglary, a police officer shot the pupil in the back, who died.[112]

1980[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1983-04-03 N.N. N.N. Neuss  Nordrhein-Westfalen A police officer shot several times at a car's windshield with his submachine gun, killing the driver. Allegedly the driver didn't stop his vehicle fast enough.[117]

1979[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1979-05-04 von Dyck, Elisabeth [de] 28 Nürnberg  Bayern Member of the RAF. Elisabeth von Dyck was shot in the back when - encountered by police - she tried to pull out her holstered gun.[119]

1978[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1978-10-08 Knoll, Michael 21 Dortmund  Nordrhein-Westfalen Member of the RAF. Michael Knoll and two other RAF terrorists, Angelika Speitel and Werner Lotze [de] who were practising shooting in a forest when staggered by the police. In the shootout Knoll was injured and died two weeks later. Also the police officer Hans-Wilhelm Hansen was fatally injured by the terrorists.[120]
1978-09-06 Stoll, Willy Peter [de] 28 Düsseldorf  Nordrhein-Westfalen Member of the RAF. Willy Peter Stoll was visiting a restaurant, where he was recognized by another guest who informed the police. Several police units were surrounding the building. Two officers in plain clothes entered the restaurant, pretending to order a meal. When they confronted him, he tried to reach for his gun and was shot four times. He died before reaching the hospital.[121]

1977[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1977-10-18 Akache, Zohair Youssif [de] 23 Mogadishu  Somalia Member of the PFLP. He was shot by GSG 9 officers during the liberation of the hijacked Lufthansa Flight 181.[122][123]
1977-10-18 Harb, Nabil 23 Mogadishu  Somalia Member of the PFLP. He was shot by GSG 9 officers during the liberation of the hijacked Lufthansa Flight 181.[122][123]
1977-10-18 Duaibes Yousouf, Nadja Shehadah 22 Mogadishu  Somalia Member of the PFLP. She was shot by GSG 9 officers during the liberation of the hijacked Lufthansa Flight 181.[122][123]

1975[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1975-05-09 Sauber, Werner [de] 29 Köln  Nordrhein-Westfalen Member of the 2 June Movement. When he and two other terrorists got into a police control and opened fire on the police, killing the officer Walter Pauli [de]. During the shootout he was hit and died later on the way to the hospital.

1974[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1974-06-18 Routhier, Günter [de] 45 Essen  Nordrhein-Westfalen The early retired man was a visitor at court. After disturbances the room was cleared by police officers, carrying Routhier down a stairhall. During this, his head hit the wall and floor severely. He died two weeks later on intercranial bleedings.[124]
1974-05-21 Jendrian, Günther 24 München  Bayern In search of a wanted fellon, police officers with facemasks and plainclothes raided an apartment. Police shot through Jendiran's apartment door and walls, before entering. It is reported that Jendrian was reaching for his smallbore rifle and was shot then. It turned out he was mistaken for a serial bankrobber. It is unclear whether he recognized the intruders as police officers.[125]
1974-04-18 Martin-Gonzales, Emilio Humberto 28 Hamburg  Hamburg A young student was robbing a bank in the city of Hamburg [de], took hostages and shot a police officer. After negotiations, he wanted to escape in a car, given by the police. When exiting the bank with a hostage, which had his knife on the neck, one police officer shot the robber in the head from a close distance behind him.[126]

1973[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1974-08-21 Dobhart, Erich 17 Dortmund  Nordrhein-Westfalen The teenager, wo flew from the police, was shot by a police officer. Even though he was a known burglar it is unclear how it came to the incident.[127]

1972[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1972-09-25 McLeod, Ian 34 Stuttgart  Baden-Württemberg The British citizen was shot through a closed door during a house search, when his apartment was mistaken as a RAF safehouse.[128]
1972-09-06 Hamid, Afif Ahmed N.N. Fürstenfeldbruck  Bayern Member of Black September Organization. The terrorist was shot by police marksmen at the Fürstenfeldbruck airfield in the incident that is known as the Munich massacre during the Olympic Games 1972.
1972-09-06 Thaa, Ahmed Chic N.N. Fürstenfeldbruck  Bayern Member of Black September Organization. The terrorist was shot by police marksmen at the Fürstenfeldbruck airfield in the incident that is known as the Munich massacre during the Olympic Games 1972.
1972-09-06 Afif, Luttif 27 or 35 Fürstenfeldbruck  Bayern Member of Black September Organization. The terrorist was shot by police marksmen at the Fürstenfeldbruck airfield in the incident that is known as the Munich massacre during the Olympic Games 1972.
1972-09-06 Jawad, Kahlid 18 Fürstenfeldbruck  Bayern Member of Black September Organization. The terrorist was shot by police marksmen at the Fürstenfeldbruck airfield in the incident that is known as the Munich massacre during the Olympic Games 1972.
1972-09-06 Nazzal, Yusuf 35 Fürstenfeldbruck  Bayern Member of Black September Organization. The terrorist was shot by pursuant police officers when he tried to escape at the Fürstenfeldbruck airfield in the incident that is known as the Munich massacre during the Olympic Games 1972.
1972-03-02 Weisbecker, Thomas [de] 23 Augsburg  Bayern Member of the 2 June Movement. Weisbecker was shot by police officers when they tried to arrest him. The details of the incident are unclear.[129]
1972-03-01 Epple, Richard [de] 17 Herrenberg  Baden-Württemberg The teenager flew in a car from the police and broke through two road blocks. Police presumed a wanted RAF terrorist and ordered officers to stop the car with all force needed. Epple, drunk and not possessing a drivers license, died from a shot through his cars's rear window.[130]
1972-02-04 Duifhus N.N. Duisburg  Nordrhein-Westfalen When Duifhus should be stopped, because of a traffic violation, he flew from the police. When he was stopped and ordered to raise his hands, he took his hand from the pocket and was shot, because the officer felt threatened.[131]

1971[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1971-08-04 Rammelmayr, Hans Georg [de] 31 München  Bayern Rammelmayr and an accomplice were robbing a bank, taking hostages. When he tried to escape with a hostage in a car, police marksmen shot him and - presumely - also the hostage.[132]
1971-07-15 Schelm, Petra 20 Hamburg  Hamburg Member of the RAF. Petra Schelm was shot in the face, when she was fleeing from the police, after she and Werner Hoppe [de] were breaking through a police road block.[133]

1967[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1967-06-02 Ohnesorg, Benno 26 West Berlin  West Berlin During a demonstration against the state visit of the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the West-Berlin police officer Karl-Heinz Kurras shot the bystanding Ohnesorg with his pistol in the back of the head at close range, killing him. In the aftermath of the killing, the investigation suffered from missing pieces of evidence, arranged testimonys of present policemen and cover-ups in the medical record of the autopsy. In the year 2009 it was discovered, that Karl-Heinz Kurras was listed as an informal collaborator of the East German secret police Stasi, and a long-time member of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany, the ruling East German Communist party, providing internal information of the West Berlin political police.[134]

1962[edit]

Date
(YYYY-MM-TT)
Name Age Place State Summary of events
1967-05-23 Göring, Peter [de] 21 East Berlin Template:Country data East Berlin Göring was a soldier of the Border Troops of the German Democratic Republic, who was part of a patrol group along the border canal between East and West Berlin. When he recognized a person trying to swim through the canal to reach the West Berlin shore. To stop the person - a 14-year-old boy - from the Republikflucht, several GDR-border guards opened fire. When a patrol unit of the West Berlin police reached out to help the wounded boy to climb up the shore, they responded fire. Although he was hit by two bullets directly, the deadly wound was caused by a bullet's ricochet.[135]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Zahlen ab 1996 nach: Clemens Lorei: Statistiken im Zusammenhang mit dem polizeilichen Schusswaffeneinsatz, Verwaltungsfachhochschule Hessen – Fachbereich Polizei, Stand: 17. August 2014
  2. ^ Zahlen von 1963 - 1969, nur BRD nach: Heiner Busch (Mitverfasser) u.a.: Die Polizei in der Bundesrepublik, Ausgabe von 1988
  3. ^ Zahlen von 1976 - 1983 nach: Heiner Busch (Mitverfasser) u.a.: Die Polizei in der Bundesrepublik, Ausgabe von 1988
  4. ^ Otto Diederichs: Polizeiliche Todesschüsse 2007. In: Bürgerrechte & Polizei/CILIP. Nr. 90, Jg. 2008, Heft 2, S. 75–78.
  5. ^ Die Innenministerkonferenz hat in ihrer offiziellen Statistik für 2007 nur 10 polizeiliche Todesschüsse erfasst. Cilip hingegen hat auf Basis seiner Presseauswertung 12 Todesschüsse ermittelt.
  6. ^ Otto Diederichs: Polizeiliche Todesschüsse 2008. In: Bürgerrechte & Polizei/CILIP. Nr. 93, Jg. 2009, Heft 2, S. 61–66.
  7. ^ Otto Diederichs: Polizeiliche Todesschüsse 2009. In: Bürgerrechte & Polizei/CILIP. Nr. 96, Jg. 2010, Heft 2, S. 57–61.
  8. ^ Cilip schreibt hierzu in dem Bericht für 2009 etwas unklar: „Insgesamt 57 Schüsse hat die deutsche Polizei im vergangenen Jahr auf Personen abgegeben; davon sind 24 als Schüsse gegen Sachen deklariert.“
  9. ^ Polizeiliche Todesschüsse 2010. In: Bürgerrechte & Polizei/CILIP. Nr. 99, Jg. 2011, Heft 2, S. 77–80.
  10. ^ Polizeiliche Todesschüsse 2011. In: Bürgerrechte & Polizei/CILIP. Nr. 101/102, Jg. 2012, Heft 1/2, S. 93–97.
  11. ^ 85 Patronen im Jahr 2011: Polizisten schießen seltener im Dienst. In: Spiegel Online. 8. Mai 2012
  12. ^ Dabei wurden 15 Personen verletzt. Vgl. Bürgerrechte & Polizei/CILIP. Nr. 101/102, Jg. 2012, Heft 1/2, S. 93.
  13. ^ Statistik Schusswaffengebrauch 2012: Deutsche Polizisten schossen 36 Mal auf Menschen. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung. 18. September 2013
  14. ^ Dabei wurden zwanzig Personen verletzt. Vgl. Otto Diederichs: Polizeiliche Todesschüsse 2012. In: Bürgerrechte & Polizei/CILIP. Nr. 104, Dezember 2013, S. 75–78.
  15. ^ Statistik: Polizisten erschossen 2014 sieben Menschen. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. 17. Juli 2015
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  17. ^ "Mann stirbt nach Taser-Einsatz – Ermittlungen gegen zwei Polizisten". Welt. 2019-05-13. Retrieved 2019-05-13.
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  23. ^ "Mann stirbt nach Taser-Einsatz der Polizei". Spiegel Online. 2019-01-22. Retrieved 2019-05-08.
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  25. ^ [Feuerzeug wird 74-Jährigem zum Verhängnis "Feuerzeug wird 74-Jährigem zum Verhängnis"] Check |url= value (help). welt online. 2018-12-21. Retrieved 2019-06-01.
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  29. ^ "Rätselhafter Tod eines Polizisten und seiner Frau". Saarbrücker Zeitung. 2018-11-04. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
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  32. ^ "Polizei erschießt Angreifer". Süddeutsche Zeitung. 2018-10-19. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
  33. ^ "Was geschah in Zelle 143?". Zeit. 2018-10-05. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
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  37. ^ "Erschossener Rocker war Osmanen-Anführer". Spiegel Online. 2018-02-15. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
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