List of killings by law enforcement officers in the United Kingdom

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This list of people killed by law enforcement officers in the United Kingdom documents cases of people who died directly or indirectly because of the actions of British law enforcement officers, regardless of the manner of death, duty status of the officers, or if they acted officially or unofficially. It includes officers working for all law enforcement agencies, existing or historical, in England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland, but excludes crown dependencies, colonies or other political entities subject or previously subjected to the direct control of the government of the United Kingdom. It also excludes deaths for which other government agents are responsible, such as deaths as a result of actions of the British Armed Forces.

Many of the killings were by the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) during the Troubles in Northern Ireland. Police in Northern Ireland killed 56 people during the conflict, including at least 30 civilians and at least 20 paramilitary members.[1][2]

Single deaths in a single incident[edit]

2020s[edit]

Name Date Location Police force Death Result of Police Action Description
Graham Trinder 8 November 2020 Swindon, England Wiltshire Police Direct Wiltshire Police reported attending a call of two men "arguing in the street", during this incident, a man was shot dead by a responding officer.[3]
Badreddin Abadlla Adam 26 June 2020 Glasgow, Scotland Police Scotland Direct Adam was shot by Armed officers after he stabbed several people at the Park Inn Hotel in Glasgow.[4]
Hassan Yahya 8 March 2020 Westminster, London City of London Police[5] Direct Shot after challenging officers with knives.[6]
Sudesh Amman 2 February 2020 Streatham, London Metropolitan Police Direct Shot after stabbing three people with a machete while wearing a fake explosive belt.[7][8]
William Cameron 6 January 2020 Loddon Valley police station, Berkshire Thames Valley Police Unknown A police sergeant and a health care professional are subject to a criminal investigation in relation to his death after he arrived at the Loddon station in a state of unconsciousness.[9][10]

2010s[edit]

Name Date Location Police force Death Result of Police Action Description Ruling
Usman Khan 29 November 2019 London City of London Police Direct Khan stabbed five people – two of whom later died – in the vicinity of London Bridge. He was wearing a fake explosive vest, and was shot twice by police, dying at the scene.[11][12]
Leroy Junior Medford 2 April 2019 Reading, England Thames Valley Police Indirect Medford was arrested on 1 April 2019. While in custody he swallowed drugs he was carrying.[13] Despite several opportunities to implement the Drugs Standard Operating Procedure, officers failed to do so. Proper care and monitoring was not provided, leading to his deteriorating health being unnoticed. He later died in hospital.[14] Failure to implement, the Drugs Standard Operating Procedure.[14]
Trevor Smith 15 March 2019 Birmingham, England West Midlands Police Direct Shot by police who surrounded a property. Police said a non-police issued firearm was recovered from the property.[15]
Sean Fitzgerald 4 January 2019 Coventry, England West Midlands Police Direct Shot, while unarmed, during an arrest operation at a property. Witnesses reported hearing four or five gunshots. Two other men were arrested at the scene on suspicion of cultivating cannabis.[16]
Richard Cottier 9 April 2018 Romford, London Metropolitan Police Direct Cottier called police in the early hours of the morning telling them he had taken an overdose and claiming he had a gun. A member of the public also informed police of a man with a gun. Officers found Cottier at a petrol station and fired two shots. He died at the scene.[17][18]
Nuno Cardoso 24 November 2017 Oxford, England Thames Valley Police Indirect After being confronted by officers at his student residence at Ruskin College, Oxford, Cardoso was wrestled to ground, held face down with an officer sitting on his legs. He was then struck with a baton to the back of his knee.[19] Cardoso collapsed in the back of a police van due to ingestion of drugs.[20] Officers failed to follow guidance to take him to a nearby hospital, instead going to Abingdon Police station.[21] Uncritical narrative conclusion[21]
Spencer Ashworth 27 September 2017 Portishead, England Avon and Somerset Constabulary Direct Police responded to reports of a man in a car with a handgun threatening other drivers. Witnesses said Ashworth was shot up to 10 times through the passenger window before he was pulled from the car by officers who began attempting to resuscitate him. A non-police issued firearm was recovered.[22]
Rashan Charles 22 July 2017 Dalston, London Metropolitan Police Indirect (self-inflicted asphyxiation) After police stopped his vehicle, Charles fled the vehicle and was pursued by police into a shop, where he placed an object into his mouth and resisted arrest. The officer, who wore a body camera, threw Charles to the ground, held him down by the neck, and tried to reach inside his mouth. A member of the public helped him restrain Charles. Charles "became ill", was given emergency treatment at the scene, and was taken by ambulance to Royal London Hospital, where he died later that morning. The object Charles tried to swallow was reportedly recovered at the scene.[23] Accidental Death[24]
Khalid Masood[25] 22 March 2017 Westminster, London Metropolitan Police Direct After using a vehicle to hit and kill pedestrians on Westminster Bridge, Masood ran into the grounds of the Palace of Westminster, where he fatally stabbed an unarmed police officer. An armed police officer, believed to have been the Metropolitan Police close protection officer for Michael Fallon, the Secretary of State for Defence, witnessed the stabbing, ran towards the scene and fatally shot Masood.[26]
Yassar Yaqub[27] 2 January 2017 Huddersfield, England West Yorkshire Police Direct Yaqub was shot by police at junction 24 of the M62, after they received a tip-off that he was carrying a gun in the car in which he was a passenger.[28]
Lewis Skelton[29] 29 November 2016 Hull, England Humberside Police Direct Shot by armed response officers while reportedly wielding an axe, and died of his wounds in hospital.[30]
Josh Pitt[31] 9 November 2016 Luton, England Bedfordshire Police Direct Police responded to reports of a woman being attacked in a house. Shortly after arriving at the house, armed police officers shot Pitt. He was treated by officers and paramedics before being taken to hospital, where he died. Police recovered a "number of knives".[32]
Dalian Atkinson 15 August 2016 Telford, England West Mercia Police Indirect (underlying health condition) Police responded to a call that Atkinson was in a "manic state" and was threatening to kill his father.[33] After being tasered, Atkinson went into cardiac arrest on the way to hospital, where he was pronounced dead.[34]
William Smith[35] 2 May 2016 Goudhurst, England Kent Police Direct Police fatally shot Smith during an armed operation. Smith was on bail in connection with the death of a 73-year-old man.[35] Inquest ongoing[36]
James Wilson[37] 29 March 2016 South Shields, England Northumbria Police Direct Wilson was shot in the chest by officers responding to reports of a man in the street with a handgun. He was taken to hospital, but died on 1 April.[37] Lawful Killing[38]
Jermaine Baker[39] 11 December 2015 Wood Green, London Metropolitan Police Direct Three men were planning to free Izzet Eren, who was being taken in a prison van to Wood Green crown court over firearms offences. Armed police intercepted the men. Baker, who was in the front seat, was fatally shot as police surrounded his vehicle. He was unarmed, although there was an imitation Uzi in the rear foot-well behind the driver's seat.[40][41] Inquest ongoing[42]
Richard Davies[43] 21 October 2015 St Neots, England Cambridgeshire Police Direct Shot by police responding to a report of a domestic incident in a house.[43] Lawful Killing[44]
James Fox[45] 30 August 2015 London Metropolitan Police Direct Shot by police after reportedly making threats to kill.[46] Lawful Killing[46]
Sheku Bayoh[47] 3 May 2015 Kirkcaldy, Scotland Police Scotland Unclear (inquest ongoing) Bayoh was taken into police custody whilst α-PVP was in his system. It was reported he had been brandishing a knife but this was later disproved by video footage. He sustained bruising from police batons, had his arms and legs restrained and died of asphyxiation in police custody. Inquest ongoing
Dean Joseph[48][49][50] 5 September 2014 London Metropolitan Police Direct Shot by a police marksman after holding a woman at gunpoint in an armed standoff.[51] Lawful Killing[51]
Anthony Grainger 3 March 2012 Culcheth, England Greater Manchester Police Direct Grainger was shot by police while unarmed. In January 2014 the Crown Prosecution Service announced they would be prosecuting Chief Constable Peter Fahy under health and safety legislation over the shooting, and a full public inquiry into Grainger's death was announced in early 2016.[52] Greater Manchester Police found to be at fault.[53]
Mark Duggan 4 August 2011 London Metropolitan Police Direct Police stated that officers were attempting to arrest Duggan on suspicion of planning an attack, and that he was in possession of a handgun. Duggan died from a gunshot wound to the chest. The circumstances of Duggan's killing resulted in public protests in Tottenham, which led to conflict with police and escalated into riots across London and other English cities. In January 2014 a jury returned the verdict of lawful killing.[54] Lawful killing[55]
Kingsley Burrell[56] 31 March 2011 Birmingham, England West Midlands Police Indirect (cardiac arrest following restraint) Died in hospital as a result of asphyxiation after being detained under the Mental Health Act and left in a face-down position on a hospital bed.[56] One police officer of the West Midlands Police was sacked due to gross misconduct having given a misleading account to investigators. His actions were not found to be contributory to Burrell's death.[57] Injuries from restraint were not found to be the cause of Burrell's death. Inconclusive
Marc Ringland 3 February 2011 Belfast, Northern Ireland Police Service of Northern Ireland Direct While robbing a petrol station armed with a knife, Ringland threatened an off-duty police officer, who then fired a single shot with his authorised personal protection handgun, fatally wounding him.[58]
Olaseni Lewis 3 September 2010 London Metropolitan Police Indirect (died as a result of restraint by police and medical staff) After being admitted to a mental health ward, Lewis died 3 days after a period of prolonged restraint by police officers. It was identified that a litany of failures by both police and medical staff contributed to Lewis's death.[59] The misconduct case was dismissed on 6 October 2017 as claims of wrongdoing were "unproven" and any failings were "performance matters".[60]

2000s[edit]

Name Date Location Police force Description
Keith Richards[61] 12 May 2009 Shildon, England Durham Constabulary Shot after brandishing a crossbow and urging police to shoot him.[61]
Ian Tomlinson 1 April 2009 London Metropolitan Police Tomlinson collapsed and died after being struck by a police officer during the 2009 G-20 summit protests. After an inquest jury returned a verdict of unlawful killing, the officer, Simon Harwood, was prosecuted for manslaughter. He was found not guilty but was dismissed from the police service for gross misconduct.
Mervyn Tussler[62] 8 May 2009 Fernhurst, England Sussex Police Fired on police from his bed in a care home.[62] Inquest jury returned a verdict of lawful killing.[62]
David Sycamore[63] 30 November 2008 Guildford, England Surrey Police Shot after brandishing a replica pistol and saying he would "start shooting people".[63]
Andrew Hammond[64] 29 October 2008 Harold Hill, London Metropolitan Police Shot after pointing "assault rifle-type weapons" at passersby.
Sean Rigg 21 August 2008 Brixton, London Metropolitan Police Rigg died following a cardiac arrest while in police custody at the entrance to Brixton police station. The Independent Police Complaints Commission concluded that there was no evidence of neglect or wrongdoing and that police had acted "reasonably and proportionately". The case became a cause célèbre for civil rights and justice campaigners in the UK, who called for "improvement and change on a national level" regarding deaths in police custody and police treatment of suspects with mental health issues.[65]
Habib Ullah[66] 3 July 2008 High Wycombe, England Thames Valley Police Suffered cardiac arrest whilst being restrained during search.
Mark Saunders[67] 6 May 2008 London Metropolitan Police Shot after firing a shotgun. Witnesses said he had not fired for 20 minutes, and was negotiating with police officers, immediately before he was shot.[67]
Dayniel Tucker[68] 29 December 2007 Stansted, England Kent Police Shot after pointing a replica Uzi sub-machine gun at police.[68]
Ann Sanderson[69] 11 June 2007 Sevenoaks, England Kent Police Sanderson was shot in an armed standoff with police. Sanderson had mental health issues, and bought an air rifle days before her death, but a close friend said she did not think she had intended to kill herself. The case was ruled as a lawful killing as Sanderson had instigated the incident.[70]
Terry Nicholas[71] 15 May 2007 Ealing, London Metropolitan Police Shot after brandishing a handgun at police officers attempting to arrest him, firing at least one shot in the process.
Robert Haines 31 October 2006 New Romney, Kent Metropolitan Police Shot by Metropolitan Police officers who were lying in wait for him after a bank robbery; Haines fired at officers with a sawn-off shotgun and an officer returned fire. Haines died of his wounds en route to hospital.[72]
Steven Colwell 16 April 2006 Ballynahinch, Northern Ireland Police Service of Northern Ireland Shot after attempting to evade a police checkpoint in a stolen car.[73][74]
Philip Marsden[75] 19 December 2005 Meir, England Staffordshire Police Shot after adopting a "firing stance" while carrying an imitation firearm and a sword.[75]
Craig King[76] 11 September 2005 Ashton-under-Lyne, England Greater Manchester Police Shot by police.
Jean Charles de Menezes 22 July 2005 London Metropolitan Police Menezes was a Brazilian man killed by officers at Stockwell Station on the London Underground after he was wrongly deemed to be one of the fugitives involved in the previous day's failed bombing attempts. These events took place two weeks after the London bombings of 7 July 2005, in which 52 people were killed. The Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) launched two investigations. In July 2006, the Crown Prosecution Service said that there was insufficient evidence to prosecute any named individual police officers, although a criminal prosecution of the Commissioner in his official capacity on behalf of his police force was brought under the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974, on the failure of the duty of care due to Menezes. The Commissioner was found guilty and his office was fined.[77][78]
John Mark Scott[79] 16 July 2005 Stockfield, England Northumbria Police Shot after firing a shotgun. His shotgun licences had previously been revoked.
Azelle Rodney 30 April 2005 London Metropolitan Police Rodney was shot six times by police, who stopped the car he was travelling in with two other men. Police had observed them picking up three weapons, believed to be MAC-10 sub-machine guns. After a public inquiry led by Lord Bach, it was found that the killing of Rodney was unlawful and eventually resulted in the case for prosecution of the officer who fired the fatal shots for the charges of murder. The jury found the officer not guilty.[80]
Simon Murden[76] 22 March 2005 Hull, England Humberside Police Murden was alleged to have been suffering a psychotic episode. He left his house and drove a van against the flow of traffic, crashing with another vehicle. Murden abandoned the vehicle and brandished a sword. Police shot and killed Murden. An independent inquest ruled it a lawful killing.[81]
Nicholas Palmer[76] 12 May 2004 Thornton Heath, London Metropolitan Police Palmer was killed while on bail for arms offences, his death ruled as being lawful.
Philip Prout[82][76] 4 May 2004 Cornwall Devon and Cornwall Police Prout was shot during a siege in a village in Cornwall, after a baton gun failed to fire. He was allegedly carrying a samurai sword when he was killed.
Keith Larkins[83] 6 June 2003 Heathrow Airport, London Metropolitan Police Larkins, who was reported to be mentally ill, shot blanks from a replica firearm. Two police officers then fired on Larkins, killing him. The incident was ruled as a lawful killing.[83]
Derek Bennett[84][76] 16 July 2001 Brixton, London Metropolitan Police Bennet threatened members of the public with a replica gun, then pointed it at armed police officers who fired on Bennet four times. Bennet had reportedly boasted to friends that the replica was real but on closer inspection it was revealed to be a novelty cigarette lighter. A verdict confirmed the case as a lawful killing.[85]
Andrew Kernan[86] 21 July 2001 Liverpool, England Merseyside Police Kernan suffered from schizophrenia and during an episode police were called to his home. He fled and brandished a samurai sword. After a stand-off, two shots were fired and Kernan was killed. After a four-year inquiry the killing was deemed lawful.[86]
Patrick O'Donell[84] 30 October 2000 Islington, London Metropolitan Police Shot after taking his mother and girlfriend hostage in a siege.
Kirk Davies[76] 24 September 2000 Wakefield, England West Yorkshire Police Davies walked into a police station with an air gun and threatened staff. A manhunt was launched and he was surrounded by armed officers outside Newton Lodge secure psychiatric unit, but Davies ignored repeated requests to give himself up before marksmen opened fire. Davies was regarded as being "emotionally disturbed" and was suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder after fighting in the Croatian Army during the Croatian War of Independence.[87]

1990s[edit]

Name Date Location Description
Harry Stanley 22 September 1999 London, England He was returning home from a pub while carrying, in a plastic bag. Someone reported to police "an Irishman with a gun wrapped in a bag". Near his home, an armed response unit challenged Stanley from behind. As he turned to face them, they shot him dead from 15 feet (5 m).
Derek Bateman[76] 22 June 1999 Surrey, England Shot after his girlfriend told officers he was armed and was threatening to shoot her, or himself.
Anthony Kitts[76][88] 10 April 1999 Falmouth, Cornwall Shot after repeatedly aiming an air rifle at police.
Michael Fitzgerald[76][89] February 1998 Bedford, England Shot after aiming a replica Colt 45 at police, in his home, after he was mistaken for an armed burglar.
James Ashley 15 January 1998 St Leonards-on-Sea, England Shot at his flat while unarmed and naked during a raid by armed officers.[90][76] The officer responsible was charge with murder and acquitted, and several senior officers were charged or disciplined.
David Howell[76] November 1996 Birmingham, England Psychiatric patient shot in at a Co-op supermarket.
Diarmuid O'Neill 23 September 1996 London, England IRA member, shot during police raid.
John Christopher Gardiner 10 May 1996 Blackburn, England Died of heart failure while in police custody following a struggle during his arrest.[91]
Ibrahim Sey[92] 16 March 1996 Ilford, England Died in Ilford police station. His wife had called police because he appeared to be having a mental breakdown. He was sprayed with CS gas, and four police officers restrained him, face down on the ground, for 15 minutes. When they noticed he was not breathing, an ambulance was called; when the ambulance arrived, he was dead, face down and wearing handcuffs.[93]
David Ewin[76] April 1995 London, England Former robber killed in a stolen car. Officer was tried and cleared of murder.
James Brady[76] April 1995 Newcastle, England Shot in a police ambush.
Richard O'Brien[94] 4 April 1994 London, England Died at Walworth Police Station after being arrested for being drunk and disorderly. An officer said O'Brien stopped breathing after holding him face down on the ground with his knee on O'Brien's back. The officer began mouth-to-mouth resuscitation while an ambulance was called.

The three officers involved were found not guilty of manslaughter. The prosecution alleged the officers used too much force to hold down Mr O'Brien for more than five minutes, during which time he died of postural asphyxia. However, a pathologist for the defence said Mr O'Brien had a heart attack due to his size and enlarged heart.

Robin Maxwell[95] 27 January 1994 Donaghadee, Northern Ireland Protestant civilian, shot during attempted robbery at filling station.
Joy Gardner 1 August 1993 Crouch End, London Gardner died after being detained during a police immigration raid on her home in Crouch End, when she was restrained with handcuffs and leather straps and gagged with a 13-foot length of adhesive tape wrapped around her head.[96] Unable to breathe, she collapsed and suffered brain damage due to asphyxia.[97] She was placed on life support but died following a cardiac arrest four days later.[98] In 1995, three of the police officers involved stood trial for Gardner's manslaughter, but were acquitted.[99]
David Luckhurt[76][100] 18 April 1993 Cheshunt, Hertfordshire Shot at the end of a four-hour siege, after firing at officers surrounding his home.
Leon Patterson 27 November 1992 Manchester, England Died in police custody. MP Harry Michael Cohen said, "Leon Patterson, 31, was detained on remand at Stockport police station in November 1992. After six days he was transferred to Denton police station, where he died a few hours later. Covered in bruises, he received no proper medical treatment despite suffering diarrhoea and vomiting for several days. He was heavily dosed with Mogadon. The inquest said that he was unlawfully killed and that a failure of duty contributed to or caused his death; yet no one was prosecuted".[101]
Pearse Jordan 25 November 1992 Belfast, Northern Ireland IRA member, shot immediately after his car was stopped by an undercover Royal Ulster Constabulary mobile patrol.[95]
Gerard Maginn 3 November 1991 Belfast, Northern Ireland Catholic civilian, shot in the back of a stolen car.[95][102]
Kevin McGovern 29 September 1991 Cookstown, Northern Ireland Catholic civilian, shot by an undercover officer.[95]
Colm Marks 10 April 1991 Downpatrick, Northern Ireland IRA member, shot while preparing a mortar bomb.[95]

1980s[edit]

  • Seamus Duffy (9 August 1989 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) – Catholic civilian, shot by plastic bullet.[95]
  • Keith White (14 April 1986 in Portadown, Northern Ireland) – Protestant civilian, shot by plastic bullet during a riot.[95]
  • Cherry Groce (28 September 1985 in Lambeth, London)
  • John Shorthouse (24 August 1985 in Birmingham, England)[103]
  • John Mikkelson, misadventure[104](July 1985 in London)[105]
  • Gerard Logue (8 February 1985 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) – shot while sitting in a stolen car.[95]
  • Sean McIlvenna (17 December 1984 in Blackwatertown, Northern Ireland) – IRA member, shot after being involved in a roadside bomb attack.[95]
  • Sean Downes (12 August 1984 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) – Catholic civilian, shot by plastic bullet during protest march.[95]
  • Paul McCann (15 June 1984 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) – INLA member, shot during gun battle after police surrounded a house.[95]
  • Seamus Fitzsimmons (14 May 1984 in Ballygally, Northern Ireland) – Catholic civilian, shot during attempted post office robbery.[95]
  • Anthony Dawson (12 December 1983 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) – Catholic civilian, killed in drive-by shooting by an off-duty police officer.[95]
  • Brigid Foster (28 November 1983 in Pomeroy, Northern Ireland) – passerby, shot after armed robbery at post office.[95]
  • John O'Hare (26 July 1983 in Lurgan, Northern Ireland) – Catholic civilian, shot while running away after armed post office robbery.[95]
  • William Miller (16 March 1983 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) – UVF member, shot while traveling in stolen car.[95]
  • Frank McColgan (20 January 1983 in Dunmurry, Northern Ireland) – Catholic civilian, shot during car chase.[95]
  • Michael Tighe (24 November 1982 in Derrymacash, Northern Ireland) – Catholic civilian, shot by undercover officers at a farm.[95]
  • Ronald Brennan (28 September 1982 in Newtownabbey, Northern Ireland) – Protestant civilian, shot during attempted post office robbery.[95]
  • Stephen Hamilton (19 October 1981 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) – UDA member, shot while traveling in stolen car.[95]
  • Peter McGuinness (9 August 1981 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) – Catholic civilian, died after being shot by plastic bullet.[95]
  • Nora McCabe (9 July 1981 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) – Catholic civilian, died after being shot by plastic bullet.[95]
  • Paul Whitters (25 April 1981 in Derry, Northern Ireland) – Catholic civilian, died after being shot by plastic bullet.[95]
  • Michael McCartan (24 July 1980 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) – Catholic civilian, shot by undercover officer.[95]
  • Terence O'Neill (1 July 1980 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) – IRA member, shot while running away from a community centre.[95]

1970s[edit]

  • James Kelly, killed in police custody (21 June 1979 in Liverpool, England)
  • Blair Peach (died 24 April 1979 in London, England)
  • William "Billy" Hughes (14 January 1977, Rainow, Cheshire) – escaped prisoner, and mass murderer, shot dead by police marksman following a high speed pursuit.[106][107]
  • Edward Walker (11 June 1976 in Newtownabbey, Northern Ireland) – UDA member, shot while traveling in stolen car.[95]
  • Sean McDermott (5 April 1976 in Dunmurry, Northern Ireland) – IRA member, shot shortly after carrying out bomb attack on a hotel.[95]
  • Kevin Gately (15 June 1974 in London)
  • Michael McVerry (15 November 1973 in Keady, Northern Ireland) – IRA member, shot during attack on police/army base.[95]
  • Michael Leonard (17 May 1973 in Pettigo, Northern Ireland) – shot while driving his car being chased by police.[95]
  • Albert Kavanagh (4 March 1972 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) – IRA member, shot during attempted bomb attack on factory.[95]
  • Joseph Cunningham (10 February 1972 in Newtownabbey, Northern Ireland) – IRA member, shot during gun battle.[95]
  • Martin Forsythe (24 October 1971 in Belfast Northern Ireland) – IRA member, shot by undercover officers during bomb attack.[95]

1960s[edit]

  • Michael Lynch (15 August 1969 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) – Catholic civilian, shot during the 1969 Northern Ireland riots.[108]
  • Samuel McLarnon (15 August 1969 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) – Catholic civilian, shot during the 1969 Northern Ireland riots.[108]
  • Hugh McCabe (15 August 1969 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) – British soldier on leave, shot while standing on a roof during the 1969 Northern Ireland riots.[108]
  • Patrick Rooney (14 August 1969 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) – 9-year-old boy shot during the 1969 Northern Ireland riots.[108]
  • John Gallagher (14 August 1969 in Armagh, Northern Ireland) – Catholic civilian, shot during the 1969 Northern Ireland riots.[108]
  • Samuel Devenney (17 July 1969 in Derry, Northern Ireland) – Catholic civilian, died three months after being badly beaten by officers inside his home during a riot.[108]
  • James Griffiths (15 July 1969 in Glasgow, Scotland)[109]
  • Francis McCloskey (14 July 1969 in Dungiven, Northern Ireland) – Catholic civilian, died after being hit on head with batons during a riot.[108]

Before the 1960s[edit]

  • James Crossan (24 August 1958 in Mullan, Fermanagh, Northern Ireland) – IRA member shot at border customs post during the Border Campaign.[110]
  • Aloysius Hand (2 July 1958 in Clontivern, Fermanagh, Northern Ireland) – IRA member killed in gun battle during the Border Campaign.[111]
  • James McKeown (11 May 1922 in Ballyronan, Northern Ireland) – Catholic civilian, shot in his home along with two brothers by Ulster Special Constables.[112]
  • Mary McGowan (11 July 1921 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) – 13-year-old Catholic girl, shot by Ulster Special Constables firing from an armoured car during Belfast's Bloody Sunday. The inquest concluded that they had "deliberately" shot her.[113]
  • Percy Toplis (6 June 1920 in Cumberland, England)
  • Maud Smith (7 June 1893 at Wormwood Scrubs, London). Smith was killed by PC George Cooke, who was subsequently convicted of her murder and hanged.[114][115]
  • Michael Wise (24 August 1687 in Salisbury)

Multiple deaths in a single incident[edit]

Names Date Location Description
  • Khuram Shazad Butt
  • Rachid Redouane
  • Youssef Zaghba
3 June 2017 Southwark, London Terrorists shot during the 2017 London Bridge attack
  • Mark Nunes
  • Andrew Markland
13 September 2007 Chandler's Ford, Hampshire Armed robbers (see Chandler's Ford shooting). Nunes was shot by police when he aimed a handgun at the head of a security guard during a cash delivery. Markland was shot after he picked up Nunes's weapon.[116]
  • Michael Flynn
  • Nicholas Payne
15 July 1987 Plumstead, London Shot by police during an attempted armed robbery of a wages van at an abattoir in Shooters Hill. The marksman feared for the life of the van driver and fired on both of the assailants, who both died at the scene.
  • Brendan Convery
  • James Mallon
13 August 1983 Dungannon, Northern Ireland Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) members, shot while launching a gun attack on a Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) guard hut.[117]
12 December 1982 Armagh, Northern Ireland Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) members, shot by undercover officers at a vehicle checkpoint.[118] See shoot-to-kill policy in Northern Ireland.
  • Sean Burns
  • Gervaise McKerr
  • Eugene Toman
11 November 1982 Craigavon, Northern Ireland Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) members, shot by undercover officers at a vehicle checkpoint.[118] See shoot-to-kill policy in Northern Ireland.
  • Michael Herbert
  • Michael Cotton
20 March 1974 Markethill, Northern Ireland British soldiers, shot by mistake. They had been driving civilian vehicles when they were shot by Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) officers, who believed the soldiers were paramilitaries.[119]
  • Michael Connors
  • John Mahon
1 March 1972 Belfast, Northern Ireland Irish Travellers, shot during a police chase while in a stolen van.[120]
1 January 1957 Brookeborough, Northern Ireland Irish Republican Army (IRA) members shot while launching an attack on a Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) base during the Border Campaign.
  • Seamus McAllister
  • John Gore
  • John Hill
23 June 1922 Cushendall, Northern Ireland A group of Ulster Special Constables opened fire on civilians in the village while preparing to enforce a nightly curfew. Special Constables summarily executed three young Catholic men by shooting them at close range. They claimed they were ambushed by the IRA and returned fire, but a British government inquiry concluded that this was not true. The report was not made public for almost a century.[121]
  • Thomas Crawley
  • Patrick Creggan
13 June 1922 Lislea, Northern Ireland Ulster Special Constables forced the two Catholic men into the back of a police truck in Bessbrook. Their bodies were found riddled with bullets a few miles away.[122]
  • Charlie McAllister
  • Pat McVeigh
24 May 1922 Glenariff, Northern Ireland Two Irish Republican Army (IRA) volunteers killed in a firefight with the Ulster Special Constabulary.[123][124]
  • Francis Higgins
  • John Higgins Jnr
  • Henry McGeehan
  • James McGeehan
19 May 1922 Desertmartin, Northern Ireland In revenge for the burning of a Protestant-owned mill, Ulster Special Constables took four Catholic men from their homes nearby, lined them up by the roadside and summarily executed them.[125]
  • John Mallon
  • Bernard McKenna
  • John McRory
  • William Spallen
  • Joseph Walsh
  • Michael Walsh
1 April 1922 Belfast, Northern Ireland Arnon Street killings: Men in police uniform, believed to be Ulster Special Constables, broke into Catholic homes, shooting and beating six people to death, including a 7-year-old boy. It was believed to be in revenge for the Irish Republican Army (IRA) killing of a policeman.
  • Owen McMahon
  • Bernard McMahon
  • Frank McMahon
  • Gerard McMahon
  • Patrick McMahon
  • Edward McKinney
24 March 1922 Belfast, Northern Ireland McMahon killings: Men in police uniform, believed to be Ulster Special Constables, broke into the home of a Catholic family and shot all males inside, killing six. It was believed to be in revenge for the Irish Republican Army (IRA) killing of two policemen.
  • Peter McGinnity
  • John O'Reilly
  • Thomas O'Reilly
  • Patrick Quinn
6 July 1921 Altnaveigh, Northern Ireland Men believed to be Ulster Special Constables took four Catholic men from their homes near Newry "for questioning" and summarily executed them.[126]
  • Owen Magill
  • Stephen Magill
8 June 1921 Corrogs, Northern Ireland The Irish Republican Army (IRA) ambushed an Ulster Special Constabulary patrol at Carrogs, near Newry. In reprisal, Special Constables went to the nearest farmhouse and fatally shot two Catholic brothers. The IRA fired on the Specials from a nearby hill, killing one and forcing them to withdraw.[127]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sutton Index of Deaths". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN).
  2. ^ "Sutton Index of Deaths: Crosstabulations (two-way tables)". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). (choose "organization" and "status summary" as the variables)
  3. ^ "Swindon police shooting: Man dies after street row". BBC News. 8 November 2020. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  4. ^ "Man shot dead by police after stab attack named". BBC News. 27 June 2020. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  5. ^ "Update: Investigation into the fatal police shooting of a man in Westminster". IOPC. 9 March 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
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