List of kings of Rwanda
|Mwami of Rwanda|
|First monarch||Gihanga I|
|Last monarch||Kigeli V Ndahindurwa|
|Formation||Unknown (ancient times)|
|Abolition||28 January 1961|
|Appointer||Royal Council of Abiru|
|Pretender(s)||Prince Emmanuel Bushayija|
Its state and affairs before King Gihanga is largely unconfirmed and highly shrouded in mythical tales.
Kings of Rwanda
- Abami b'imishumi (descendants of Ibimanuka gods) – B.C.E
- Gihanga I
- Kanyarwanda I Gahima I
- Rumeza I
- Yuhi I Musindi
- Rumeza II
- Rubanda (Lugalbanda)
- Ndahiro I Bamara (Wamala)
- Ndahiro II Ruyange
- Ndahiro III Ndoba
- Ndahiro IV Samembe
- Nsoro I Samukondo
- Nsoro II Byinshi
- Ruganzu I Bwimba
- Cyilima I Rugwe
- 1st Abami Bibitekerezo (1st Common Era Kings)
- 2nd Abami Bibitekerezo (2nd Common Era Kings)
- Ruganzu II Ndoli
- Karemera Rwaka
- Mutara I Nsoro III Semugeshi
- Kigeli II Nyamuheshera (1576–1609)
- Mibamwe II Sekarongoro II Gisanura (1609–1642)
- Yuhi III Mazimpaka (1642–1675)
- Cyilima II Rujugira (1675–1708)
- Kigeli III Ndabarasa (1708–1741)
- Mibambwe III Mutabazi II Sentabyo (1741–1746)
- Yuhi IV Gahindiro (1746–1802)
- Mutara II Rwogera (1802–1853)
- Kigeli IV Rwabugiri (1853 – November 1895)
- Mibambwe IV Rutarindwa (November 1895 – December 1896)
- Yuhi V Musinga (December 1896 – 12 November 1931)
- Mutara III Rudahigwa (12 November 1931 – 25 July 1959)
- Kigeli V Ndahindurwa (28 July 1959 – 28 January 1961)
Pretenders since 1961
On 28 January 1961, during the Rwandan Revolution, the country abolished its monarchy and became a republic (retroactively approved by a referendum held on 25 September of the same year). Afterwards, Kigeli V Ndahindurwa continued to maintain his claim to the throne until his death on 16 October 2016 in Washington, D.C. On 9 January 2017, the Royal Council of Abiru announced Prince Emmanuel Bushayija as the new heir to the throne. Prince Emmanuel adopted the regnal name Yuhi VI.
- Leon Delmas
- Frank K. Rusagara (2009). Resilience of a Nation: A History of the Military in Rwanda. Fountain Publishers. p. 99. ISBN 9789970190010.
- Tharcisse Gatwa (2005). The Churches and Ethnic Ideology in the Rwandan Crises, 1900-1994. Regnum Books International. p. 55. ISBN 9781870345248.
- "A King With No Country". Washingtonian. 27 March 2013.
- Aimable Twagilimana (2007). Historical Dictionary of Rwanda. Scarecrow Press. p. xxix. ISBN 9780810864269.
- Leonhard Praeg (2007). The Geometry of Violence. AFRICAN SUN MeDIA. p. 39. ISBN 9781920109752.
- "Kigeli V: Rwandan king with no throne".
- "Kigeli V Ndahindurwa, Rwandan king without a crown, dies at 80". The Washington Post. 18 October 2016.
- Adrian Blomfield (12 January 2017). "Rwanda's new king is former Pepsi salesman residing in Cheshire". the Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 April 2017.