List of knowledge deities

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A statue of Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom

A knowledge deity is a deity in mythology associated with knowledge, wisdom, or intelligence.

Celtic mythology[edit]

  • Ogma, a figure from Irish and Scottish mythology, said to have invented the Ogham alphabet
  • Lugh, a figure from Irish mythology, said to be skilled in all arts.
  • Brighid

Chinese mythology[edit]

Egyptian mythology[edit]

  • Neith, goddess sometimes associated with wisdom.
  • Thoth, originally a moon deity, later became god of wisdom and scribe of the gods.
  • Sia, the deification of wisdom.
  • Seshat, goddess of wisdom, knowledge and writing. Scribe of the gods. Credited with the invention of writing and the alphabet. Later demoted in pantheon of Egyptian deities to consort of Thoth.
  • Isis, goddess of wisdom, magic, health and marriage.
  • Serapis, god of knowledge and education.

Etruscan mythology[edit]

Greek mythology[edit]

  • Aidos, goddess of the Moral Sense and teaching right and wrong choices
  • Apollo, Olympian god of light, music, poetry, knowledge, and the sun.
  • Arachne, goddess of spiders, crafts & weaving.
  • Athena, Olympian goddess of wisdom, warfare, civilization, strength, strategy, crafts, and justice.
  • Coeus, Titan, god of intellect, grandfather of Apollo.
  • Eidyia, an Oceanid, sometimes sources call her "the goddess of knowledge".[citation needed]
  • Metis, Oceanid of wisdom, wise counsel and cunning, skill, and crafts.
  • Muses, personification of knowledge and the arts
  • Prometheus, he is said to be the god of forethought, the god of intelligence, a trickster, and as a champion of humanity, because he stole fire from Hephaestus, and brought it to mortals (for which he suffered great consequences)
  • Theseus, god of Justice and Wisdom.

Hindu mythology[edit]

Ganesha, the Hindu god of knowledge and wisdom
  • Saraswati, goddess of knowledge and all literary arts including music, literature and speech.
  • Ganesha, god of intellect and wisdom.
  • Lakshmi, goddess of wealth.
  • Vidyadevis, the sixteen knowledge-goddesses of Jainism

Hittite mythology[edit]

Japanese mythology[edit]

  • Fukurokuju, god of wisdom and longevity.
  • Kuebiko, scarecrow god of wisdom and agriculture.
  • Omoikane, Shinto god of wisdom and intelligence.
  • Tenjin, god of scholarship.
  • Benzaiten, a Japanese form of Saraswati, goddess of everything that flows: water, words, speech, eloquence, music and by extension, knowledge

Mesopotamian mythology[edit]

  • Al-Kutbay, Nabataean, god of knowledge, commerce, writing, and prophecy.
  • Enki, god of intelligence, crafts, mischief, water and creation.
  • Nabu, Babylonian god of wisdom and writing.
  • Nidaba, Sumerian goddess of writing, learning, and the harvest.
  • Bekki, Ticketian goddess of writing, learning, and the base of all knowledge yet unknown.

Norse mythology[edit]

  • Tīwaz/Týr, "Týr, known for his great wisdom and courage".[citation needed]
  • Odin, the ruler of Asgard, who sacrificed his eye and was hung for nine days from the world tree Yggdrasil in order to gain the wisdom of the ages.
  • Mímir, a god renowned for his knowledge and wisdom; Odin is advised by his severed head.
  • Sága, goddess of wisdom.
  • Vör, goddess associated with wisdom.
  • Snotra, goddess associated with wisdom.
  • Gefjon, goddess of knowledge, chastity and agriculture.

Persian mythology[edit]

  • Anahita, goddess of 'the Waters' (Aban) - fertility, healing and wisdom.

Polynesian mythology[edit]

Roman mythology[edit]

  • Egeria, water nymph who gives wisdom and prophecy in return for libations of water or milk at her sacred grove.
  • Fabulinus, the god who teaches children to speak.
  • Minerva, goddess of wisdom and the Roman equivalent of Athena.
  • Apollo, Greco-Roman god of light, knowledge, intellect, and the sun.
  • Providentia, goddess of forethought.

Slavic mythology[edit]

  • Gamayun - symbol of knowledge and wisdom.

Turco-Mongol mythology[edit]

  • Mergen - Turkic deity of abundance and wisdom. Mergen symbolizes the intelligence and thought.