List of knowledge deities

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A statue of Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom

A knowledge deity is a deity in mythology associated with knowledge, wisdom, or intelligence.

African mythology[edit]

  • Anansi, the spider trickster and spirit of all stories, best known from Akan and Ashanti folklore; according to some tales, also creator of the sun, moon and stars, and teacher of agriculture to humans.
  • Orunmila, god of wisdom, knowledge, and divination.

Armenian mythology[edit]

  • Tir, the god of written language, schooling, rhetoric, wisdom, and the arts.

Caribbean mythology[edit]

  • Papa Legba, loa of speech, communication, understanding, and guardian of the crossroads.

Celtic mythology[edit]

  • Ogma, a figure from Irish and Scottish mythology, said to have invented the Ogham alphabet.
  • Lugh, a figure from Irish mythology, said to be skilled in all arts.
  • Brighid, a triple deity of poetry, healing, and smithing.

Chinese mythology[edit]

Egyptian mythology[edit]

  • Neith, goddess sometimes associated with wisdom.
  • Thoth, originally a moon deity, later became god of wisdom and scribe of the gods.
  • Sia, the deification of wisdom.
  • Seshat, goddess of wisdom, knowledge and writing. Scribe of the gods. Credited with the invention of writing and the alphabet. Later demoted in pantheon of Egyptian deities to consort of Thoth.
  • Isis, goddess of wisdom, magic, health and marriage.
  • Serapis, god of fertility, healing and the afterlife.

Etruscan mythology[edit]

Gnostic mythology[edit]

  • Sophia, feminine personification of divine wisdom.

Greek mythology[edit]

  • Apollo, Olympian god of light, music, poetry, knowledge, and the sun.
  • Athena, Olympian goddess of wisdom, architecture, art, war strategy, and civilization
  • Coeus, Titan of intellect.
  • Hephaestus, Olympian god of inventing and fire.
  • Hermes, Olympian psychopomp and god of wisdom, heraldry, trickery, omens, language, education, thievery, luck, rustic poetry, animal fables, trade, travel, and athletics
  • Metis, Oceanid of wisdom and wise counsel.
  • Muses, personifications of knowledge, wisdom and the arts.
  • Prometheus, Titan of forethought.
  • Phoebe, Titan of prophecy.
  • Hecate, goddess of sorcery, magic, witchcraft, necromancy, ghosts, prophecy, fire, light, crossroads, darkness, night, the moon, wilderness, and dogs.
  • Helios, the “all-seeing”, god of the sun.

Hindu mythology[edit]

Ganesha, the Hindu god of knowledge and wisdom
  • Ganesha, god of intellect and wisdom
  • Saraswati, goddess of knowledge, creativity and speech
  • Brihaspati, Guru of the gods, bestower of knowledge and eloquence
  • Shukra, Guru of the demons, bestower of knowledge
  • Dakshinamurthy, aspect of the god Shiva as a guru and bestower of knowledge
  • Hayagriva, god of knowledge and wisdom.
  • Brahma, god of creativity and wisdom.
  • Gayatri, goddess of knowledge and hindu scriptures.
  • Savitri, goddess of wisdom.

Hittite mythology[edit]

Japanese mythology[edit]

  • Fukurokuju, god of wisdom and longevity.
  • Kuebiko, scarecrow god of wisdom and agriculture.
  • Omoikane, Shinto god of wisdom and intelligence.
  • Tenjin, god of scholarship.
  • Benzaiten, a Japanese form of Saraswati, goddess of everything that flows: water, words, speech, eloquence, music and by extension, knowledge.

Mesopotamian mythology[edit]

Muisca mythology[edit]

  • Bochica, messenger god of knowledge.

Norse mythology[edit]

  • Tīwaz/Týr, "Týr, known for his great wisdom and courage".[citation needed]
  • Odin, the ruler of Asgard, who sacrificed his eye and was hung for nine days from the world tree Yggdrasil in order to gain the wisdom of the ages.
  • Mímir, a god renowned for his knowledge and wisdom; Odin is advised by his severed head.
  • Sága, goddess of wisdom.
  • Vör, goddess associated with wisdom.
  • Snotra, goddess associated with wisdom.
  • Gefjon, goddess of knowledge, chastity and agriculture.
  • Kvasir, god of wisdom and poetry.
  • Bragi, god of knowledge, poetry, and music.

Persian mythology[edit]

  • Anahita, goddess of 'the Waters' (Aban) - fertility, healing and wisdom.
  • Ahura Mazda, Zoroastrian god of light, benevolence, creation, truth, and perfect wisdom.
  • Chista, goddess of wisdom and knowledge, she leads the mortals to the right way in life and the afterlife; she is also the goddess of religion in Zoroastrian mythology.

Polynesian mythology[edit]

Roman mythology[edit]

  • Egeria, water nymph who gives wisdom and prophecy in return for libations of water or milk at her sacred grove.
  • Fabulinus, the god who teaches children to speak.
  • Minerva, goddess of wisdom and the Roman equivalent of Athena.
  • Apollo, Greco-Roman god of light, knowledge, intellect, and the sun.
  • Providentia, goddess of forethought.

Slavic mythology[edit]

  • Gamayun, symbol of knowledge and wisdom.

Turco-Mongol mythology[edit]

  • Mergen, Turkic deity of abundance and wisdom. Mergen symbolizes intelligence and thought.

References[edit]