List of lakes by depth

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This page lists the world's deepest lakes.

Lakes ranked by maximum depth[edit]

This list contains all lakes whose maximum depth is reliably known to exceed 400 metres (1,300 ft)

Geologically, the Caspian Sea, like the Black and Mediterranean seas, is a remnant of the ancient Tethys Ocean. The deepest area is oceanic rather than continental crust. However, it is generally regarded by geographers as a large endorheic salt lake.

Continent color key
Africa Asia Europe North America Oceania South America Antarctica
Name Country Region Depth
(meters)
Depth
(feet)
1. Baikal[1]  Russia Siberia 1,642 5,387
2. Tanganyika  Tanzania
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Burundi
 Zambia
Central Africa 1,470 4,823
3. (Caspian Sea[2])  Iran
 Russia
 Turkmenistan
 Kazakhstan
 Azerbaijan
1,025 3,363
4. Vostok[3]  Antarctica ~1,000 ~3,300
5. O'Higgins-San Martín[4]  Chile
 Argentina
Aysén (Chile), Santa Cruz (Argentina) 836 2,742
6. Malawi/Nyasa/Niassa  Mozambique
 Malawi
 Tanzania
706 2,316
7. Issyk Kul  Kyrgyzstan 668 2,192
8. Great Slave  Canada Northwest Territories 614 2,015
9. Crater[5]  United States Oregon 594 1,949
10. Matano  Indonesia Sulawesi 590 1,936
11. General Carrera-Buenos Aires[6]  Chile
 Argentina
586 1,923
12. Hornindalsvatnet  Norway Sogn og Fjordane 514 1,686
13. Quesnel  Canada British Columbia 506 1,660
14. Toba  Indonesia Sumatra 505 1,657
15. Sarez  Tajikistan 505 1,657
16. Tahoe  United States California, Nevada 501 1,645
17. Argentino  Argentina Santa Cruz (Patagonia) 500 1,640
18. Kivu  Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Rwanda
480 1,575
19. Grand  Canada Newfoundland 475 1,558
20. Salsvatnet  Norway Nord-Trøndelag county 464 1,523
21. Nahuel Huapi  Argentina Rio Negro, Patagonia 464 1,523
22. Hauroko  New Zealand Southland (South Island) 462 1,516
23. Cochrane / Pueyrredón[6]  Chile
 Argentina
Aysén (Chile)
Santa Cruz (Argentina)
460 1,509
24. Lake Tinn  Norway Telemark county 460 1,509
25. Adams  Canada British Columbia 457 1,499
26. Chelan  United States Washington (state) 453 1,486
27. Van[7]  Turkey 451 1,480
28. Poso  Indonesia Sulawesi 450 1,476
29. Fagnano  Argentina
 Chile
Tierra del Fuego 449 1,473
30 Great Bear  Canada Northwest Territories 446 1,463
31. Manapouri  New Zealand Southland (South Island) 444 1,457
32. Mjøsa  Norway Hedmark, Oppland and Akershus counties 443.5 1,455
33. Te Anau  New Zealand Southland (South Island) 425 1,390
34. Tazawa  Japan Akita Prefecture 423 1,387
35. Wakatipu  New Zealand South Island 420 1,378
36. Como  Italy Lombardy 410 1,345
37. Superior  Canada
 United States
Ontario, Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin 406 1,332

Lakes ranked by mean depth[edit]

Mean depth can be a more useful indicator than maximum depth for many ecological purposes. Unfortunately, accurate mean depth figures are only available for well-studied lakes, as they must be calculated by dividing the lake's volume by its surface area. A reliable volume figure requires a bathymetric survey. Therefore, mean depth figures are not available for many deep lakes in remote locations.

The Caspian Sea ranks much further down the list on mean depth, as it has a large continental shelf (significantly larger than the oceanic basin that contains its greatest depths).

Continent colour key
Africa Asia Europe North America Oceania South America Antarctica
Name Country Region Depth
(meters)
Depth
(feet)
1. Baikal[1] Russia Siberia 744.4 2,442
2. Tanganyika Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Zambia Africa 570 1,870
3. Vostok[3][8] Antarctica 430 1,411
4. Crater[5] United States Oregon 350 1,148
5. Tahoe United States California, Nevada 301 989
6. Adams Canada British Columbia 299 981
7. Malawi Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi 292 958
8. Tazawa Japan 280.0 918.6
9. Issyk Kul Kyrgyzstan 278.4 913.4
10. Kivu Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda 240 787
11. Matano[9] Indonesia Sulawesi 240 787
12. Hornindalsvatnet[9] Norway Sogn og Fjordane 237 778
13. Toba[9] Indonesia Sumatra 216 707
14. Karakul Tajikistan 210 689
15. Sarez Tajikistan 202 662
16. Lake Tinn[9] Norway Telemark 190 623
17. (Caspian Sea[2]) Iran, Russia, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan 184 604
18= Lake Teletskoye Russia 174 571
18= Ranau Indonesia Sumatra 174 571
20. Slocan Canada British Columbia 171 561
21. Como[10] Italy Lombardia 161 528
22. Azure Canada British Columbia 157.2 515.7
23. Quesnel Canada British Columbia 157 515
24= Ohrid Macedonia and Albania 155 508
24= Mjøsa Norway Hedmark, Oppland and Akershus 155 508
26. Salsvatnet[9] Norway Nord-Trøndelag 154 505
27. Geneva[9] Switzerland, France 153 502
28. Singkarak Indonesia West Sumatra 149 489
29. Lake Superior United States, Canada Ontario, Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin 147 483
30. Loch Ness[9] United Kingdom Scotland 133 436
31. Great Central Canada British Columbia 124 407
32. Garibaldi Canada British Columbia 119 390
33. Dead Sea Jordan, Palestine, Israel 118 387
34. Titicaca Peru, Bolivia 107 351
35. Gander Canada Newfoundland 105.4 346
36. Kauhakō Crater[11][12] United States Hawaii 105 344

Greatest maximum depth by continent[edit]

Greatest mean depth by continent[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Note: Lake depths often vary depending on sources. The depths used here are the most reliable figures available in recent sources. See the articles on individual lakes for more details and data sources.

  1. ^ a b Lake Baikal is also the largest freshwater lake by volume.
  2. ^ a b The Caspian Sea is generally regarded by geographers, biologists and limnologists as a huge inland salt lake. However, the Caspian's large size means that for some purposes it is better modeled as a sea. Geologically, the Caspian, Black, and Mediterranean seas are small oceans, remnants of the ancient Tethys. Politically, the distinction between a sea and a lake may affect how the Caspian is treated by international law.
  3. ^ a b c d Lake Vostok in Antarctica is a subglacial lake with a depth ranging from 400 to more than 900 meters.
  4. ^ *CECS, Depth sounding of Lake O'Higgins/San Martín[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ a b Crater Lake in Oregon has a maximum depth of 594m, based on its USGS benchmark surface elevation of 1883m. The US National Park Service publishes different values (1881m for surface elevation, and 592m for the maximum depth). The technical basis of the values determined by the USGS is documented in closed access publication – behind paywall Bacon, C. R.; Gardner, J. V.; Mayer, L. A.; Buktenica, M. W.; Dartnell, P.; Ramsey, D. W.; Robinson, J. E. (2002). "Morphology, volcanism, and mass wasting in Crater Lake, Oregon". GSA Bulletin. 114 (6): 675–692. doi:10.1130/0016-7606(2002)114<0675:MVAMWI>2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0016-7606. OCLC 4642976847, 196656627. Retrieved 2013-07-08. (subscription required)
  6. ^ a b Murdie, Ruth E.; Pugh, David T.; Styles, Peter; Muñoz, Miguel (1999), "Heatflow, Temperature and Bathymetry of Lago General Carrera and Lago Cochrane, Southern Chile" (PDF), Extended Extracts of the Fourth International Symposium on Andean Geodynamics, Gottingen, Germany 04-06/10/1999, Paris: Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, pp. 539–542
  7. ^ Degens, E.T.; Wong, H.K.; Kempe, S.; Kurtman, F. (June 1984), "A geological study of Lake Van, eastern Turkey", International Journal of Earth Sciences, Springer, 73 (2): 701–734, Bibcode:1984GeoRu..73..701D, doi:10.1007/BF01824978
  8. ^ Dow, Christine; McCormack, Felicity; Cook, Sue (July 17, 2016). "What Lies Beneath Antarctica's Ice? Lakes, Life and the Grandest of Canyons". The Conversation. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Walter K. Dodds; Matt R. Whiles (23 September 2010). Freshwater Ecology: Concepts and Environmental Applications of Limnology. Academic Press. pp. 141–142. ISBN 978-0-12-374724-2. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  10. ^ Buzzi, Documento dell'Istituto italiano di idrobiologia
  11. ^ Maciolek, J. A. (April 30, 1982), Lakes and Lake-like Waters of the Hawaiian Archipelago (PDF), Occasional Papers of Berenice P. Bishop Museum, 25 (1)
  12. ^ Terrestrial analogs to lunar sinuous rilles - Kauhako Crater and channel, Kalaupapa, Molokai, and other Hawaiian lava conduit systems

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]