List of lakes in Minneapolis
There are 13 lakes of at least five acres (two hectares)[a] within the borders of Minneapolis, Minnesota. Of these, Bde Maka Ska is the largest and deepest, covering 421 acres (170.37 ha) with a maximum depth of 89.9 feet (27.4 m). Lake Hiawatha, through which Minnehaha Creek flows, has a watershed of 115,840 acres (468.79 km2), two orders of magnitude larger than the next largest watershed in the city. Ryan Lake, in the city's north, sits partially in Minneapolis and partially in neighboring Robbinsdale. Certain other bodies of water are counted on some lists of Minneapolitan lakes, though they may fall outside the city limits or cover fewer than five acres.
Many of Minneapolis's lakes formed in the depressions left by large blocks of ice after the retreat of the Laurentide Ice Sheet at the end of the last glacial period and now overlie sandy or loamy soils. Before the appearance of white settlers, the Dakota harvested wild rice from the lakes. In the early 1800s, the lakes' shorelines were marshy, deterring large-scale settlement and development by white residents though an experimental Dakota agricultural community, Ḣeyate Otuŋwe, was founded on the banks of Bde Maka Ska by Maḣpiya Wic̣aṡṭa in 1829. In the 1880s, landscape architect Horace Cleveland foresaw Minneapolis's growth and made a series of recommendations to the city's Board of Park Commissioners to acquire land along Minnehaha Creek, near Minnehaha Falls, and around several lakes in the southwest portion of the city in order to form a robust, interconnected park system that would aesthetically and morally benefit the city's residents. Board president Charles M. Loring heeded Cleveland's advice and bought the land, later developed into a robust system of parks by Theodore Wirth. During this time, many of the lakes were reformed by the Board of Park Commissioners through draining, dredging, shoreline stabilization, and the construction of parkways around their perimeters. Property in neighborhoods surrounding the lakes grew desirable, especially by the "Chain of Lakes", five lakes in the southwestern portion of the city (Maka Ska, Harriet, Isles, Cedar, and Brownie) that were joined by artificial channels.
Various municipal symbols and icons reference the presence of the lakes in Minneapolitan life, from the sailboat in the city's logo to the ship's wheel on its flag to Minneapolis's nickname, the "City of Lakes". Much of Minneapolis's lakeshore is public parkland, in contrast to other American cities where lakeside property tends to be privately controlled. Since they were dredged, the lakes have drawn city residents for recreation and sport including swimming, sailing, yachting, canoeing, biking, jogging, and ice skating. The 76-mile (122.3 km) Grand Rounds National Scenic Byway passes around many of Minneapolis's lakes.
List of lakes
|Lake||Image||Area||Maximum depth||Watershed area||Coordinates||Notes||Refs.|
|Brownie Lake||18 acres (0.07 km2)||49.9 feet (15.2 m)||369 acres (1.49 km2)||
|Cedar Lake||170 acres (0.69 km2)||50.9 feet (15.5 m)||1,956 acres (7.92 km2)||
|Cemetery Lake||11 acres (0.04 km2)||Unknown||Unknown||
|Diamond Lake||41 acres (0.17 km2)||6.9 feet (2.1 m)||669 acres (2.71 km2)|||
|Grass Lake||27 acres (0.11 km2)||4.9 feet (1.5 m)||386 acres (1.56 km2)|||
|Lake Harriet||353 acres (1.43 km2)||82.0 feet (25.0 m)||1,139 acres (4.61 km2)||
|Lake Hiawatha||54 acres (0.22 km2)||23.0 feet (7.0 m)||115,840 acres (468.79 km2)|||
|Lake of the Isles||103 acres (0.42 km2)||30.8 feet (9.4 m)||735 acres (2.97 km2)||
|Loring Lake||8 acres (0.03 km2)||17.4 feet (5.3 m)||24 acres (0.10 km2)||
|Bde Maka Ska||421 acres (1.70 km2)||89.9 feet (27.4 m)||2,992 acres (12.11 km2)||
|Lake Nokomis||204 acres (0.83 km2)||33.1 feet (10.1 m)||869 acres (3.52 km2)||
|Powderhorn Lake||11 acres (0.04 km2)||20.0 feet (6.1 m)||286 acres (1.16 km2)|||
|Ryan Lake||18 acres (0.07 km2)||35.1 feet (10.7 m)||5,510 acres (22.30 km2)|||
Other bodies of water
Some sources, including the City of Minneapolis's own geographic information system (GIS) dataset, list up to 22 lakes within the city. The dataset lists three lakes that are not within the city's borders:
- Mother Lake (48 acres [0.19 km2])
- Wirth Lake (39 acres [0.16 km2])[b]
- Taft Lake (14 acres [0.06 km2])
The list includes some bodies of water smaller than five acres:
- Birch Lake (3.2 acres [12,949.94 m2])
- Spring Lake (2.3 acres [9,307.77 m2])
- Lake Mead (1.8 acres [7,284.34 m2])
- Legion Lake (0.5 acres [2,023.43 m2])
The Minneapolis GIS dataset includes two of the channels between larger bodies of water as "lakes":
- Cedar–Isles Channel (5.4 acres [21,853.02 m2])
- Maka Ska–Isles Channel (3.4 acres [13,759.31 m2])
Additionally, there are 46 ponds in Minneapolis.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lakes of Minneapolis.|
- Moss et al. suggested that for a body of water to be considered a lake, it should cover at least two hectares (five acres).
- Wirth Lake is a component of Theodore Wirth Regional Park, a Minneapolis Park and Recreation Board-managed property that is mostly located within the borders of Golden Valley. The Minneapolis Park and Recreation Board was established in 1883 by the Minnesota Legislature and is a distinct entity from the City of Minneapolis, with its own power to levy taxes and acquire land.
- Moss, Brian; Johnes, Penny; Phillips, Geoffrey (May 1996). "The Monitoring of Ecological Quality and the Classification of Standing Waters in Temperate Regions: a Review and Proposal Based on a Worked Scheme for British Waters". Biological Reviews. 71 (2): 301–339. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1996.tb00750.x.
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