List of lakes of Alberta
Most of Alberta's lakes were formed during the last glaciation, about 12,000 years ago. There are many different types of lakes in Alberta, from glacial lakes in the Canadian Rockies to small shallow lakes in the prairies, brown water lakes in the northern boreal forest and muskeg, kettle holes and large lakes with sandy beaches and clear water in the central plains.
Distribution of the lakes throughout the province of Alberta is irregular, with many water bodies in the wet regions in the northeast and Lakeland County, and very few in the semi-arid Palliser's Triangle in the southeast.
Most of Alberta's waters are drained in a general north or northeastern direction, with four major rivers collecting the water:
- The Peace River and Athabasca River flow north and east, meeting in the massive Peace–Athabasca Delta, eventually feeding the Mackenzie River and draining into the Arctic Ocean
- The North and South Saskatchewan Rivers flow east and form the Saskatchewan River, flowing into Lake Winnipeg, which drains into Hudson Bay on the Arctic/North Atlantic oceans
- The smaller Beaver River in east-central Alberta flows east into the Churchill River and then drains into Hudson Bay
- The smaller Milk River in south-east Alberta flows south into the Missouri River, which joins the Mississippi River and drains into the Gulf of Mexico
Lake Athabasca is the largest lake in both Alberta and Saskatchewan. This 7,850 km2 (3,030 sq mi) lake has 2,295 km2 (886 sq mi) of its surface area in Alberta and 5,555 km2 (2,145 sq mi) in Saskatchewan.
The largest lake completely within Alberta is Lake Claire, at 1,436 km2 (554 sq mi). Lake Claire is just west of Lake Athabasca, with both located in the remote Peace-Athabasca Delta.
|Lake||Area (including islands)||Altitude||Depth max.||Volume|
|Lake Athabasca||7,850 km2 (3,030 sq mi)||213 m (699 ft)||124 m (407 ft)||204 km3 (49 cu mi)|
|Lake Claire||1,436 km2 (554 sq mi)||213 m (699 ft)|
|Lesser Slave Lake||1,160 km2 (450 sq mi)||578 m (1,896 ft)||20.5 m (67 ft)||13.69 km3 (3.28 cu mi)|
|Bistcho Lake||426 km2 (164 sq mi)||552 m (1,811 ft)|
|Cold Lake||373 km2 (144 sq mi)||535 m (1,755 ft)||99.1 m (325 ft)|
|Utikuma Lake||288 km2 (111 sq mi)||641 m (2,103 ft)||5.5 m (18 ft)|
|Lac la Biche||234 km2 (90 sq mi)||21.3 m (70 ft)|
|Beaverhill Lake||139 km2 (54 sq mi)||2.3 m (7.5 ft)|
|Calling Lake||138 km2 (53 sq mi)||529 m (1,736 ft)||18.3 m (60 ft)|
|Pakowki Lake||123 km2 (47 sq mi)||860 m (2,820 ft)|
|Winefred Lake||123 km2 (47 sq mi)||594 m (1,949 ft)|
- While Primrose Lake has a total surface area of 448 km2 (173 sq mi), all but 18 km2 (6.9 sq mi) is in Saskatchewan.
List of lakes
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lakes of Alberta.|
- Atlas of Alberta Lakes Archived 2009-08-03 at the Wayback Machine. - Lakes in Alberta - University of Alberta Press, 1990
- Alberta Environment Archived 2016-04-09 at the Wayback Machine. - Alberta's River Basins
- Atlas of Alberta Lakes. "Cold Lake". Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
- "Principal lakes, elevation and area, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. 2005-02-02. Retrieved 2015-03-11.
- "World Lake Database (Lakes in Canada)". Archived from the original on 2016-03-14. Retrieved 2015-02-21.
- International Lake Environment Committee. "Lesser Slave Lake". Archived from the original on 2007-07-13. Retrieved 2007-05-01.