List of largest Eastern Orthodox church buildings

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The two largest new-built Orthodox churches are the Church of Saint Sava (left) and the People's Salvation Cathedral (right) with 4,830 respectively 5760 m² exterior floor area

This is a list of the largest Eastern Orthodox church buildings in the world, based on area and capacity. Any Eastern Orthodox church building that has a capacity of 3,000 people, can be added to this page. Entries are included even if they currently do not function as a church. For example, the Hagia Sophia is included – it was originally built as a church but was later converted into a mosque. Sorting is done by volume (priority) and area. The church building are listed in alphabetical order according to country. The churches are from various jurisdictions of the Eastern Orthodox Church.

List[edit]

Name Image Area (m²) Gross volume (m³) Capacity City Jurisdiction Country Built Notes
Interior Exterior
People's Salvation Cathedral
Catedrala Mântuirii Neamului - București (Iulie 2020).jpg
ca 5,000 m² [1][2][3] 5,760 m²[4][5][6] 323,000 m³ [7][8] 7,000 [a][9] Bucharest Patriarchate of Romania Romania Romania 2010–present
Saint Isaac's Cathedral [b]
Saint Isaac's Cathedral in SPB.jpeg
4,000 m² [11] 7,418 m²[12] 260,000 m³ 12,000 [13] Saint Petersburg State Russian Museum Russia Russia 1818-1858, Museum 1931 With 105 m length and 93 m width, Saint Isaac's Cathedral is the Orthodox church that has the greatest groundfloor extent
Hagia Sophia
Hagia Sophia Mars 2013.jpg
7,960[citation needed] 255,800[14] Istanbul Ecumenical Patriarchate 537-1453  Turkey 532–537 converted to mosque
Church of Saint Sava
Vracarski plato Saint Sava.JPG
3,650 m² [c][15] 4,830 m²[16] 170,000 m³ [15] 6,000−10,000 [d][17][15] Belgrade Serbian Patriarchate Serbia Serbia 1935–2004
Cathedral of Christ the Saviour
Moscow July 2011-7a.jpg
3,990 m² [18][19] [e] 6,829.3 m² [20][21] 101,992 m³ [22] 10,000 [23] Moscow Moscow Patriarchate Russia Russia 1839-1883, Demolished 1931, Rebuilt 1994-2000 The church has an underground area of 28,000 m², it contains the hall of the church council with 1,250 places, the hall of the synod meatings, refectory, and technical installations[24]
Kazan Cathedral
Kazan Cathedral - panoramio (1).jpg
4,000 m²[citation needed] 6,000[citation needed] Saint Petersburg Moscow Patriarchate Russia Russia 1811
Trinity Izmailovsky Cathedral
Spb 06-2017 img06 Trinity Cathedral.jpg
3,500 m²
[25]
3,000
[25]
Saint Petersburg Moscow Patriarchate Russia Russia 1835
Tsminda Sameba Cathedral
Tbilisi Holy Trinity Cathedral (Sameba) IMG 8951 1920.jpg
3,000 m²[citation needed] 137,000 m³[citation needed] 10,000[citation needed] Tbilisi Patriarchate of Georgia Georgia (country) Georgia 1995-2004
Novocherkassk Ascension Cathedral
Войсковой Вознесенский собор - усыпальница Героев Отечественной войны 1812 года.jpg
2,900 m²[citation needed] 135,000 m³
[26]
5,000[citation needed] Novocherkassk Moscow Patriarchate Russia Russia 1904
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
AlexanderNevskyCathedral-Sofia-6.jpg
3,170 m²
[27]
86,000 m³
[28]
5,000
[29]
Sofia Patriarchate of Bulgaria Bulgaria Bulgaria 1904-1912
Transfiguration Cathedral
Украина, Одесса - Свято-Преображенский кафедральный собор 02.jpg
3,100 m²[citation needed] 9,000
[30]
Odessa Moscow Patriarchate Ukraine Ukraine 1837, rebuilt 2003
Smolny Cathedral
Smolny Convent.jpg
3,000 m²[citation needed] 6,000
[31]
Saint Petersburg Moscow Patriarchate Russia Russia 1764
Kronstadt Naval Cathedral
Naval Cathedral of St Nicholas in Kronstadt 02.jpg
3,000 m²[citation needed] 5,000[citation needed] Kronstadt Moscow Patriarchate Russia Russia 1913
Church of Saint Panteleimon
Saint Panteleimon Acharnon.jpg
2,400 m²[citation needed] 5,000[citation needed] Athens Greek Orthodox Church Greece Greece 1930
Holy Trinity Cathedral
Catedrala Sfânta Treime din Baia Mare (România).png
2,100 m²[citation needed] 5,000[citation needed] Baia Mare Patriarchate of Romania Romania Romania 1990–present
Annunciation Cathedral
Zalopan', Kharkov, Kharkovskaya oblast', Ukraine - panoramio (10).jpg
2,000 m²[citation needed] 5,000
[32]
Kharkiv Moscow Patriarchate Ukraine Ukraine 1901
Saint Andrew of Patras
Agios Andreas Church Patras Dec 2016.jpg
1,900 m²
[33]
7,000
[33]
Patras Greek Orthodox Church Greece Greece 1908–1974[34]
Ascension of the Lord Cathedral
Catedrala Înălțarea Domnului - Bacău.jpg
1,706 m²
[35]
5,000[citation needed] Bacău Patriarchate of Romania Romania Romania 2017
Resurrection Cathedral
Orthodox Church Tirana 2016 albania.jpg
1,660 m²[citation needed] 5,000[citation needed] Tirana Albanian Orthodox Church Albania Albania 2014
Timișoara Orthodox Cathedral
link=File:Catedrala_Mitropolitana_%22Sf._Trei_Ierarhi%22_Timisoara.jpg
1,542 m²[36] 50,000 m³
[36]
5,000
[37]
Timișoara Patriarchate of Romania Romania Romania 1940
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
Alexander-Newski-Kathedrale.JPG
1,450 m²[citation needed] 4,000[citation needed] Tallinn Moscow Patriarchate Estonia Estonia 1900
Agios Minas Cathedral
Crete Iraklio4 tango7174.jpg
1,350 m²
[38]
3,000[citation needed] Heraklion Greek Orthodox Church Greece Greece 1895
Saint Mark's Church
Crkva Svetog Marka u Beogradu.jpg
1,150 m²[citation needed] 3,000[citation needed] Belgrade Serbian Patriarchate SerbiaSerbia 1940
Saints Boris and Gleb Cathedral
Daugavpils Ss Boris and Gleb Orthodox Cathedral (2).jpg
1,100 m²[citation needed] 3,000[citation needed] Daugavpils Moscow Patriarchate Latvia Latvia 1905
Poti Cathedral
Cathedral in Poti, Georgia.jpg
1,000 m²[citation needed] 3,000[citation needed] Poti Patriarchate of Georgia Georgia (country)Georgia 1906
Uspenski Cathedral
Uspenski Cathedral Helsinki 2012.jpg
1,000 m²[citation needed] Helsinki Finnish Orthodox Church Finland Finland 1868
St. Michael's Cathedral
Михайловский кафедральный собор (Черкассы).jpg
12,000[citation needed] Cherkasy Ukrainian Orthodox Church Ukraine Ukraine 2000
Church of the Holy Sepulchre
Jerusalem Holy Sepulchre BW 19.JPG
10,000[39] Jerusalem Patriarchate of Jerusalem Israel /State of Palestine Israel/Palestine 326
Transfiguration Cathedral of Ugresha Monastery
Ugreshi.jpg
7,000[citation needed] Dzerzhinsky, Moscow Oblast Moscow Patriarchate RussiaRussia 1521
Church of the Nativity of Christ
Ugreshi.jpg
5,000[40] Kyshtym Moscow Patriarchate Russia Russia 1857
St. Nicholas Naval Cathedral
St. Nicola's Cathedral.JPG
5,000[citation needed] Saint Petersburg Moscow Patriarchate Russia Russia 1753
Sophia Cathedral
St Sophia cathedral Pushkin 1.jpg
5,000[citation needed] Saint Petersburg Moscow Patriarchate RussiaRussia 1788
Uzhhorod Orthodox Cathedral
Храм Христа Рятівника (Ужгород).JPG
5,000[citation needed] Uzhhorod Ukrainian Orthodox Church Ukraine Ukraine 1990
Iași Metropolitan Cathedral
RO, IS , Iasi , Metropolitan Cathedral 1.jpg
3,000
[41]
Iași Patriarchate of Romania Romania Romania 1887

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The cathedral is projected for 10,000 people in the main cathedral building and underground galleries. A total of 7,000 peoples/worshipers can attend at the holy liturgy in the same time, with 1,000 – choirs (three places), clergy, three levels of balconies right-left, and 6,000 pilgrims. In the underground galleries can be accommodate 3,000 peoples.
  2. ^ Currently functions as a museum[10]
  3. ^ The official site specifies that, the Nave & Altar area is 3,650 m2 and the three Narthex area is 1,444 m2. The total internal area of the temple (cathedral) is 5,094 m2 (without stairs). On the official site, the area of the temple is specified separately, not as a total. This is why confusion arises. Note! To the paragraph above: No, the official site does not say that. 1,444 sq. meters is the combined area of the second level and not the floor. This 1,444 sq. meters is the combined area of the balconies for the choirs. This is clearly stated in the official site and there is no confusion. Furthermore, the total external area of the church (without the stairs) is 4830 sq. meters – given by the official cadastre.
  4. ^ The official site specifies that, on the nave floor can be accommodated 7,000 worshipers. More precisely 6,300 worshipers on the nave floor and 700 choirs (balconies). In the temple galleries (underground), can be accommodated 3,000 worshipers. Also the official site specifies that, in total 10,000 worshipers, can accommodated on the nave floor and in the underground galleries. The nave floor criterion is considered standard without annexes. Also valued at 10,000 can be disputed including the annexes, to increase the value.
  5. ^ The church covers 3980 m2

References[edit]

  1. ^ Romania's National Cathedral. Construction World May 2018 [1]
  2. ^ "Catedrala Neamului". Patriarhia Română.ro.
  3. ^ "The biggest orthodox church in the world". Business-review.eu.
  4. ^ Romania's National Cathedral. Construction World May 2018 [2]
  5. ^ The Database of Buildings: Catedrala Mântuirii Neamului Românesc in Bucharest [3]
  6. ^ Annual Report Umdasch Group 2018: The largest church in the Balkans (PDF)
  7. ^ "Catedrala Mântuirii Neamului". Adevarul.ro. 2018-11-25.
  8. ^ Şantierul Catedralei Mântuirii Neamului (2010–2013) [The Shrine of the People's Salvation Cathedral (2010–2013)] (DVD) (in Romanian). Patriarchate of Romania.
  9. ^ Iftimiu, Aurelian (2018-06-29). "Mosaic icons began to be applied on the National Cathedral's iconostasis". Basilica.ro.
  10. ^ "РПЦ осталась без Исаакиевского собора". www.lenta.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2019-01-10.
  11. ^ http://cathedral.ru/ru/isaac/architecture
  12. ^ Zoran Veljovic: the largest orthodox temple [4]
  13. ^ "Исаакиевский собор". Artnight.ru.
  14. ^ Wieslaw Woszczyk (27 January 2014). "Aural Architecture: Music, Acoustics, and Ritual" (PDF). Onassis Seminar on music acoustics and ritual. Stanford University. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  15. ^ a b c "Храм у простору и бројевима" [Temple in space and numbers]. - Hram Svetog Save.
  16. ^ Cadastre of the Republic of Serbia cadastral parcel of the church of saint sava 1819/2 at 4830 m², Opstina Savski Venac
  17. ^ "Организација унутрашњег простора Храма и његове функције" [Organization of the inner space of the Temple and its functions]. - Hram Svetog Save. Archived from the original on 2017-08-24. Retrieved 2019-02-10.
  18. ^ Official Site [http://new.xxc.ru/about/istoriya_hrama/istoriya/postroenie_hrama Построение Храма
  19. ^ Dmitri Sidorov 2004: National Monumentalization ant the Politics of Scale: The Resurrections of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow (PDF)
  20. ^ Official Site [http://new.xxc.ru/about/istoriya_hrama/istoriya/postroenie_hrama Построение Храма
  21. ^ Dmitri Sidorov 2004: National Monumentalization ant the Politics of Scale: The Resurrections of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow (PDF)
  22. ^ Official Site [http://new.xxc.ru/about/istoriya_hrama/istoriya/postroenie_hrama Построение Храма
  23. ^ "Храм Христа Спасителя". Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  24. ^ [5]
  25. ^ a b "Собор Святой Живоначальной Троицы". Izmsobor.ru.
  26. ^ "Патриарший Вознесенский войсковой всеказачий собор – Достопримечательности – Официальный сайт города Новочеркасска". Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  27. ^ "15 Century Bulgaria Foundation (15 века БЪЛГАРИЯ) website, article with title Patriarchal cathedral stauropigial memorial church St. Alexander Nevsky (pdf in English)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-04-25. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
  28. ^ "София 1968 г. – ОБИКОЛКА НА ГРАДА". www.omda.bg. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  29. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-11-22. Retrieved 2011-11-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  30. ^ "ОДЕСА: СОБОР,ЩО ПРЕОБРАЖАЄ". Risu.Orh.ua.
  31. ^ Смольный монастырь, собор
  32. ^ Благовіщенський собор у Харкові
  33. ^ a b Dr.Ing.Ch.Apostolopoulos, University of Patras, "Historical data from construction – damages in the structure of the new church of Saint Andrew in Patras"
  34. ^ "Πάτρα - Ι.Ν. Αγίου Ανδρέα: Ο μεγαλύτερος των Βαλκανίων..." Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  35. ^ "Megaconstrucţii: Catedrala "Înălţarea Domnului" din Bacău". www.deferlari.ro. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  36. ^ a b "Catedrala din Timişoara, stil şi eleganţă". Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  37. ^ WR. "Metropolitan Cathedral, Timișoara·". www.welcometoromania.ro. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  38. ^ Chiotaki Aspasia, Bachelor Thesis with title Religious Tourism in Heraklion, Technological Educational Institute of Crete, 2009
  39. ^ "Israel News – The Jerusalem post". www.jpost.com. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  40. ^ "Kyshtym, Chelyabinsk region – Parks and Landscapes". www.parksandlandscapes.org. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  41. ^ "Iași Metropolitan Ensemble – The Metropolitan Cathedral". iasi.travel. Retrieved 10 July 2019.