List of largest art museums

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This list of largest art museums in the world ranks art museums and other museums that contain mostly pieces of art by the best available estimates of total exhibition space. This should not be mistaken for a list of museums with the most pieces of art.

Inclusion criteria[edit]

Only gallery space is considered, as opposed to the public space or total building space.

These museums are mainly[vague] composed of man-made artifacts with an important aesthetic dimension (i.e., natural history, social history, science and technology museums are excluded, as well as palaces whose purpose is primarily historical and architectural and secondarily as an art collection). Museums contained inside a bigger institution are not considered as one entity if they are not at the same location.

For purposes of this list, large museums are those with more than 8,000 square meters (86,000 sq ft) of gallery space. Where noted in the list, sizes were estimated by detailed examination of floor plans and satellite images,[original research?] as no referenced numbers were available.

Largest art museums[edit]

Rank Building Name City Country Gallery space
in m2 (sq ft)
Year
established
1 Paris 75001 Cour Napoléon Louvre Aile Turgot 02b 20141107 125236.jpg Louvre Paris France 72,735
(782,910)[1]
1792
2 Hermitage West facade Saint Petersburg N wing.jpg State Hermitage Museum St. Petersburg Russia 66,842
(719,480)[2]
1764
3 Chinese National Museum.jpg National Museum of China Beijing China 65,000
(700,000)[3]
1959
4 Metropolitan Museum of Art - panoramio.jpg Metropolitan Museum of Art New York City United States 58,820
(633,100)[4]
1870
5 Vatican Museums outside.jpg Vatican Museums Vatican City (Rome) Vatican City 43,000
(460,000)[4]
1506
6 TokyoNationalMuseum.jpg Tokyo National Museum Tokyo Japan 1872
7 Museo Nacional de Antropología - Wiki takes Antropología 007.jpg National Museum of Anthropology Mexico City Mexico 33,000
(360,000)[5]
1964
8 Victoria and Albert Museum-1.jpg Victoria and Albert Museum London United Kingdom 30,658
(330,000)[6][7]
1852
9 National Museum of Korea.jpg National Museum of Korea Seoul South Korea 27,090
(291,600)[8]
1909
10 Art Institute of Chicago Michigan Avenue.jpg Art Institute of Chicago Chicago United States 26,000
(280,000)[9][note 1]
1879
10 Nanjing Museum1.jpg Nanjing Museum Nanjing China 26,000
(280,000)[10]
1933
12 British Museum from NE 2.JPG British Museum London United Kingdom 25,700
(277,000)[4]
1753
13 NGA-EastBldg.jpg National Gallery of Art Washington United States 25,200
(271,000)[11]
1937
14 MASS MoCA 1.jpg MASS MoCA North Adams United States 23,225
(249,990)[12]
1999
15 Park of the Cinquantenaire - Royal Museums of Art and History, Brussels, 2010 (HDR 2).jpg Art & History Museum Brussels Belgium 1835
16 3GorgesMuseum.jpg Three Gorges Museum Chongqing China 20,858
(224,510)[13]
2005
17 Mfa boston af.jpg Museum of Fine Arts Boston United States 20,500
(221,000)[14]
1870
18 Shandong Art Museum Jinan China 19,700
(212,000)[15]
1977
20 Israel Museum Black and White (6898548048).jpg Israel Museum Jerusalem Israel 18,500
(199,000)[16]
1965
21 National Gallery Singapore - Joy of Museums - External.jpg National Gallery Singapore Singapore Singapore 18,000
(190,000)[17]
2015
22 Minneapolis Institute of Arts.jpg Minneapolis Institute of Art Minneapolis United States 17,500
(188,000)[18]
1883
23 BMA-2010-screen.jpg Birmingham Museum of Art Birmingham United States
17,000

(180,000)[19]

1951
23 Venezia-Arsenale.jpg Arsenal (Biennale) Venice Italy 17,000
(180,000)[20]
1895
23 Centre Georges-Pompidou from Notre-Dame de Paris 2011.jpg Musée National d'Art Moderne Paris France 17,000
(180,000)[21]
1947
25 Orsay Museum.JPG Musée d'Orsay Paris France 16,853
(181,400)[22]
1986
26 The Otsuka Museum of Art13s3872.jpg Ōtsuka Museum of Art Naruto Japan 1998
27 2017 SFMOMA from Yerba Buena Gardens.jpg San Francisco Museum of Modern Art San Francisco United States 15,800
(170,000)[23]
1935
28 Museo del Prado 2016 (25185969599).jpg Museo del Prado Madrid Spain 15,400
(166,000)[24]
1819
28 WLA filmlinc MOMA 4.jpg Museum of Modern Art New York City United States 15,400
(166,000)[25]
1929
30 Philadephia Museum of Art.jpg Philadelphia Museum of Art Philadelphia United States 1876
31 Denver Art Gallery 02.JPG Denver Art Museum Denver United States 15,000
(160,000)[26][27]
1918
31 Egyptian museum cairo.JPG Egyptian Museum Cairo Egypt 15,000
(160,000)[28]
1902
31 ReggiaCapodimonte.JPG Museo di Capodimonte Naples Italy 1757
31 Pavilhão Ciccillo Matarazzo.JPG Matarazzo Ciccillo (Bienal) São Paulo Brazil 15,000
(160,000)[29]
1951
35 Dia Beacon 19.JPG Dia:Beacon Beacon, New York United States 14,900
(160,000)[30]
2003
36 Dallas Museum of Art July 2015 01.jpg Dallas Museum of Art Dallas United States 14,800
(159,000)[18]
1903
37 Edificio Sabatini. Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía.jpg Museo Reina Sofía Madrid Spain 14,756
(158,830)[31][32][note 2]
1992
38 MMCA-Gwacheon.jpg MMCA, Gwacheon Gwacheon South Korea 14,144
(152,240)[33]
1969
39 Detroit Institute of Arts - IMG 8923.JPG Detroit Institute of Arts Detroit United States 14,000
(150,000)[34]
1885
39 Maria-Theresien-Platz Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien 2010.jpg Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna Austria 1891
39 National Art Center Tokyo 2008.jpg Tokyo National Art Center Tokyo Japan 14,000
(150,000)[35]
2007
43 NTMOFA6.jpg National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts Taichung Taiwan 13,600
(146,000)[36]
1988
44 Praha Veletržní palác jih.jpg National Gallery in Prague (Veletržní) Prague Czech Republic 13,500
(145,000)[37]
1796
45 Indy-Art-Museum-Szmurlo.jpg Indianapolis Museum of Art Indianapolis United States 13,300
(143,000)[38]
1883
46 Bayerisches Nationalmuseum.JPG Bavarian National Museum Munich Germany 13,000
(140,000)[39]
1855
46 Brooklyn Museum June 2008 sunset jeh.JPG Brooklyn Museum New York City United States 1895
46 Capital Museum in Beijing.jpg Capital Museum Beijing China 13,000
(140,000)[40][41]
1981
46 Museum of Fine Arts, main entrance, Montreal.jpg Montreal Museum of Fine Arts Montreal Canada 13,000
(140,000)[42]
1860
46 Galería Nacional, Londres, Inglaterra, 2014-08-07, DD 035.JPG National Gallery London United Kingdom 13,000
(140,000)[note 3][43]
1824
46 National Gallery of Victoria ext 01.JPG National Gallery of Victoria (St Kilda Road) Melbourne Australia 13,000
(140,000)[44]
1861
46 Palais-de-Tokyo-lumière8.JPG Palais de Tokyo Paris France 13,000
(140,000)[45]
2001
46 Salar jung museum hyderabad.jpg Salar Jung Museum Hyderabad India 13,000
(140,000)[46]
1855
54 Virginia Museum of Fine Arts - entrance Fall2010.JPG Virginia Museum of Fine Arts Richmond United States 12,500
(135,000)[47]
1934
55 Tate Modern - exteriér I. (3. 10. 2004).JPG Tate Modern London United Kingdom 12,427
(133,760)[48]
2000
56 Springtime art museum.jpg Cleveland Museum of Art Cleveland United States 12,400
(133,000)[18]
1913
56 Musee des beaux-arts du Canada - 001.jpg National Gallery of Canada Ottawa Canada 12,400
(133,000)[49]
1880
58 AGO at dusk.jpg Art Gallery of Ontario Toronto Canada 12,000
(129,000)[50]
1900
58 Kunsthalle Hamburg.jpg Hamburger Kunsthalle Hamburg Germany 12,000
(130,000)[51]
1869
58 Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (Rotterdam) 2.JPG Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen Rotterdam Netherlands 12,000
(130,000)[52]
1849
58 MFAHCarolineWeissLaw.JPG Houston Museum of Fine Arts Houston United States 12,000
(130,000)[53][note 4]
1900
58 Jaipur House Delhi.jpg National Gallery of Modern Art New Delhi India 12,000
(130,000)[54]
1954
58 Beaux arts lille.jpg Palais des Beaux-Arts de Lille Lille France 12,000
(130,000)[55]
1809
58 Pinakothek der Moderne Nord.jpg Pinakothek der Moderne Munich Germany 12,000
(130,000)[56]
2002
58 Rijksmuseum (3400724608).jpg Rijksmuseum Amsterdam Netherlands 12,000
(130,000)[57]
1800
58 Moscow, Krymsky Val Street 10-14 2014 02.JPG Tretyakov Gallery (Krymsky Val) Moscow Russia 12,000
(130,000)[58]
1985
67 Millwaukee Museum from south-west.jpg Milwaukee Art Museum Milwaukee United States 11,900
(128,000)[59]
1882
68 Taipei Fine Arts Museum 20150919.jpg Taipei Fine Arts Museum Taipei Taiwan 11,700
(126,000)[60]
1983
69 NSWAG.jpg Art Gallery of New South Wales Sydney Australia 11,000
(120,000)[61]
1874
69 Muzeum Kapitolinskie.JPG Capitoline Museums Rome Italy 11,000
(120,000)[62]
1471
69 Fondazione prada, milano, cortile 02.JPG Fondazione Prada Milan Italy 11,000
(120,000)[63]
1993
69 Museo Guggenheim, Bilbao.JPG Guggenheim Museum Bilbao Spain 11,000
(120,000)[64]
1997
69 Highsmithlacmaoblique.jpg Los Angeles County Museum of Art Los Angeles United States 11,000
(120,000)[65]
1910
69 MAC-USP, fachada 5.JPG MAC-University of São Paulo São Paulo Brazil 1963
69 Pergamonmuseum Front.jpg Pergamon Museum Berlin Germany 1910
69 Shaanxi History Museum 2.JPG Shaanxi History Museum Xi'an China 11,000
(120,000)[66]
1991
77 HangarBicocca, vue du haut du Hangar.jpg HangarBicocca Milan Italy 10,900
(117,000)[67]
2012
77 Museu nacional d'art de catalunya.jpg Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya Barcelona Spain 10,500
(113,000)[68]
1934
77 Tibet Museum1.jpg Tibet Museum Lhasa China 10,500
(113,000)[69]
1999
79 Portland Art Museum Mark Building - Oregon.JPG Portland Art Museum Portland, Oregon United States 10,400
(112,000)[70]
1892
80 Budapest Fine Arts Museum R01.jpg Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest Budapest Hungary 10,300
(111,000)[71]
1906
81 Carnegie Museum of Art.JPG Carnegie Museum of Art Pittsburgh United States 10,000
(110,000)[72]
1896
81 HambgBhf 1a.jpg Hamburger Bahnhof Berlin Germany 10,000
(110,000)[73]
1996
81 Basler Kunstmuseum.jpg Kunstmuseum Basel Basel Switzerland 10,000
(110,000)[74]
1936
81 MAXXI ingresso 04.jpg MAXXI Rome Italy 10,000
(110,000)[75]
2010
81 Museo Egizio e Galleria sabauda, Torino.jpg Museo Egizio Turin Italy 10,000
(110,000)[76]
1824
81 Museum kunst palast East facade.jpg Museum Kunstpalast Düsseldorf Germany 10,000
(110,000)[77]
1913
81 MMCA-Gwacheon.jpg MMCA, Seoul Seoul South Korea 10,000
(110,000)[78]
2013
81 Poznan 10-2013 img01 National Museum.jpg National Museum, Poznań Poznań Poland 1857
81 RIAN archive 308973 Central gates of the Russian Museum in St.Petersburg.jpg Russian Museum Saint-Petersburg Russia 1895
81 Stlouisartmuseum.JPG Saint Louis Art Museum St. Louis United States 10,000
(110,000)[18]
1881
81 Milano - Castello sforzesco - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto 11-giugno-2006 03.jpg Museums of Sforza Castle Milan Italy 1896
81 PikiWiki Israel 15282 Tel Aviv Museum of Art.jpg Tel Aviv Museum of Art Tel Aviv Israel 10,000
(110,000)[note 5][79][80]
1932
93 Taipei Taiwan National-Palace-Museum-02.jpg National Palace Museum Taipei Taiwan 9,613
(103,470)[81]
1925
94 Museo Arqueológico Nacional de España 01.jpg National Archaeological Museum Madrid Spain 9,300
(100,000)[82]
1867
94 Musée Fabre - panoramio.jpg Musée Fabre Montpellier France 9,300
(100,000)[83]
1828
96 Bardo Museum east-1.JPG Bardo National Museum Tunis Tunisia 9,000
(97,000)[84]
1888
96 Cité de l'architecture 001.jpg Cité de l'Architecture et du Patrimoine Paris France 9,000
(97,000)[85]
1879
96 National Museum New Delhi.jpg National Museum, New Delhi New Delhi India 1809
96 Nasjonalgalleriet oslo.jpg National Gallery Oslo Norway 9,000
(97,000)[86]
1842
96 Shanghai - Power Station of Art (12250570163).jpg Power Station of Art (Biennale) Shanghai China 9,000
(97,000)[87]
2012
101 SAAM facade.jpg Smithsonian American Art Museum Washington, D.C. United States 8,800
(95,000)[88]
1829
102 Musee du quai Branly exterieur.jpg Musée du quai Branly Paris France 8,750
(94,200)[89]
2006
103 150xframeless High Museum of Art Atlanta United States 8,714

(93,800)[90]

1905
104 辽宁省博物馆新馆.jpg Liaoning Provincial Museum Shenyang China 8,500
(91,000)[91]
1949
105 Milano Banca Commerciale.JPG Gallerie di Piazza Scala Milan Italy 8,300
(89,000)[92]
2011
105 National Art Museum Of China.jpg National Art Museum of China Beijing China 8,300
(89,000)[93]
1958
107 Galleria degli Uffizi Florence.jpg Galleria degli Uffizi Florence Italy 8,000
(86,000)[citation needed]
1581
107 IMG 0386 - Galleria nazionale d'arte moderna, front.jpg Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna Rome Italy 1883
107 Le parvis d'entrée de la Gemäldegalerie (Berlin) (11476462646).jpg Gemäldegalerie Berlin Germany 8,000
(86,000)[94]
1830
107 Louvre Abu Dhabi Abu Dhabi UAE 8,000
(86,000)[95]
2017
107 Cologne Germany Roofs-of-Museum-Ludwig-01.jpg Museum Ludwig Cologne Germany 8,000
(86,000)[96]
1976
107 Archäologisches Nationalmuseum Athen.jpg National Archaeological Museum Athens Greece 8,000
(86,000)[97]
1866
107 Neues Museum Berlin.jpg Neues Museum Berlin Germany 8,000
(86,000)[98][deprecated source]
1855
107 Paris - Petit Palais.jpg Petit Palais Paris France 8,000
(86,000)[99]
1902
107 Gmii.jpg Pushkin Museum Moscow Russia 1898
107 Stedelijk Museum 1.jpg Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam Netherlands 8,000
(86,000)[100]
1874
107 Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza (Madrid) 08.jpg Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum Madrid Spain 1992
107 Toledo Museum of Art Monroe Street entrance.jpg Toledo Museum of Art Toledo, Ohio United States 1901
107 Moscow 05-2012 TretyakovGallery.jpg Tretyakov Gallery Moscow Russia 1856

Large museums[edit]

These museums are often considered as large art museums, but either have less than 8,000 square meters of gallery space or are missing reliable information on the size of their gallery spaces.

Image Name City Country Gallery space
in m2 (sq ft)
Year established Reference
0 Nelson-Atkins X3.jpg Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art Kansas City United States 7,900
(85,000)
1933 [18]
M. H. de Young Memorial Museum.jpg de Young San Francisco United States 7,900

(85,000)

1895 [101]
Alte Pinakothek 2009.jpg Alte Pinakothek Munich Germany
20140407 athenes44.JPG Acropolis Museum Athens Greece [102][103]
Siwamok Phiman Hall (I).jpg Bangkok National Museum Bangkok Thailand 1926 [104]
Milano brera cortile.jpg Pinacoteca di Brera Milan Italy
China Art Museum, Shanghai.jpg China Art Museum Shanghai China [105]
2013-05-04 Lenbachhaus Muenchen-8.jpg Lenbachhaus Munich Germany
Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga2075.jpg Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga Lisbon Portugal
Venezia - Giardini della Biennale, padiglione italiano - Foto di Paolo Steffan.jpg Giardini (Biennale) Venice Italy [106]
Palazzo Pitti Gartenfassade Florenz.jpg Museums of Palazzo Pitti Florence Italy [107]
København Statens Museum for Kunst (Denmark's National Gallery).jpg National Gallery of Denmark Copenhagen Denmark
Muzeul de Arta curte.jpg National Museum of Art of Romania Bucharest Romania [108][109][110]
Národní muzeum Íránu.jpg National Museum of Iran Tehran Iran [note 6]
Main entrance, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek.jpg Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek Copenhagen Denmark
Chimei museum1.jpg Chimei Museum Tainan Taiwan 1992 [note 7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 65,000 sqft expansion adds 30% of gallery space
  2. ^ References for historical building + extension
  3. ^ The Sainsbury Wing has 450,000 square feet of exhibition space (Victoria Newhouse, Towards a New Museum, 1998, Monacelli Press, p.182) and accounts for roughly a third of the museum
  4. ^ Main buildings : Law and Beck
  5. ^ 5,000 sqm original exhibition space, doubled by extension
  6. ^ 20,000 square meters for building space
  7. ^ [1] 40,000 square meters for building space

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