List of largest buildings

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Buildings around the world listed by usable space (volume), footprint (area), and floor space (area) comprise single structures that are suitable for continuous human occupancy. There are, however, some exceptions, including factories and warehouses.

The Aerium near Berlin is the largest uninterrupted volume in the world, while Boeing's factory in Everett, Washington, United States is the world's largest building by volume. The AvtoVAZ main assembly building in Tolyatti, Russia is the largest building in area footprint. The Yiwu International Trade City in Yiwu, China is the largest building in terms of total floor area.[1] Due to the incomplete nature of this list, buildings are not ranked.

Largest usable volume[edit]

Buildings around the world with the largest usable space, sorted by volume, having a volume of at least 1,000,000 m3 (35,000,000 cu ft):

Name Country and territory Built Place Floor area Volume Description Source
Boeing Everett Factory  United States 1967 Everett, Washington 398,000 m2 (4,280,000 sq ft) 13.3 million m3 (472 million cu ft) Boeing's assembly site for a selection of the company's largest aircraft, originally built for construction of the 747. [2]
Giga Texas  United States 2022 Austin, Texas 929,000 m2 (10,000,000 sq ft) 9.57 million m3 (338 million cu ft) Tesla's Gigafactory Giga Texas is approximately 15 city blocks long with a length of 1,166 meters. [3][4]
Jean-Luc Lagardère Plant  France Toulouse-Blagnac 122,500 m2 (1,319,000 sq ft) 5.6 million m3 (199 million cu ft) The assembly hall of the Airbus A380, the world's largest airliner. [5]
Aerium  Germany 1999–2000 Halbe, Brandenburg 70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft) 5.2 million m3 (184 million cu ft) A hangar originally intended to house the construction of a giant airship, this building now houses an indoor theme park, called Tropical Islands Resort. [6]
Meyer Werft Dockhalle 2  Germany Papenburg, Niedersachsen 63,000 m2 (680,000 sq ft) 4.72 million m3 (167 million cu ft) Dry dock for construction of cruise ships. [7]
Boeing Composite Wing Center  United States 2014–2016[8] Everett, Washington 111,500 m2 (1,200,000 sq ft) 3.7 million m3 (131 million cu ft) Boeing's assembly site for the production of composite wings for the 777-8 and 777-9. [9]
Inex Sipoo  Finland 2018 Sipoo 216,936 m2 (2,335,080 sq ft) 3.668 million m3 (130 million cu ft) Large grocery distribution center, completed in 2018. Expansion to the distribution center completed 2020. [10]

[11]


NASA Vehicle Assembly Building  United States 1966 Kennedy Space Center, Florida 32,374 m2 (348,470 sq ft) 3.66 million m3 (130 million cu ft) Originally built to enable simultaneous assembly and shelter for four Saturn V rockets. [12]
The O2 Arena  United Kingdom 1999 London 104,634 m2 (1,126,270 sq ft) 2.79 million m3 (98.6 million cu ft) Originally the Millennium Dome designed for London's millennium celebrations and since converted into an entertainment centre. [13]
The Palace of Parliament  Romania 1984-1997 Bucharest 365,000 m2 (3,930,000 sq ft) 2.55 million m3 (90 million cu ft) Heaviest building in the world; accommodating the two houses of the Parliament of Romania: the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies, along with three museums and an international conference center. [2-b]
Tesco Donabate Distribution Centre  Ireland 2007 Donabate, Fingal 80,194 m2 (863,200 sq ft) 1.55 million m3 (54.83 million cu ft) Large dry grocery distribution center near Dublin. Opened in 2007 at a cost of €70 million. [14][15]

[16][17]

Target Import Warehouse  United States 2006 Savannah, Georgia 187,664 m2 (2,020,000 sq ft) 1.5 million m3 (52.97 million cu ft) Built to distribute imported product to internal Target distribution centers.
Austal USA (Module Manufacturing Facility)  United States Mobile, Alabama 68,250 m2 (734,600 sq ft) 1.365 million m3 (48.204 million cu ft) The facility is capable of constructing six large aluminium vessels such as the US Navy's Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) and/or Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV) per year. [18]
Bielefeld University (main building)  Germany Bielefeld, North Rhine-Westphalia 138,500 m2 (1,491,000 sq ft) 1.2 million m3 (42.378 million cu ft) Modernist university building (built 1970-1976) aspiring to bring all faculties together into one huge building. [19] [20]


Hanover Fairground (Halls 3–9)  Germany Hannover, Niedersachsen 114,535 m2 (1,232,840 sq ft) 1.15 million m3 (40.612 million cu ft) Largest exhibition ground in the world with 27 halls. Halls 1–2 and 10–27 are in separate adjacent buildings.
National Exhibition Centre (Halls 1–5)  United Kingdom Birmingham, West Midlands 186,000 m2 (2,000,000 sq ft) 1.14 million m3 (40.259 million cu ft) Large exhibition centre southeast of Birmingham. Halls 6–20 are in a separate building. [21]
2800 Polar Way  United States 2015 Richland, Washington 46,929 m2 (505,140 sq ft) 1.029 million m3 (36.241 million cu ft) Built-to-suit by Holliday Fenoglio Fowler (HFF)[22] and constructed by Victory Unlimited Construction[23] for Preferred Freezer Services[24] as the world's largest refrigerated warehouse, 35-metre (116 ft),[25] and largest automated freezer.[23] [22][23][24][25][26][27]
[28][29]
Hangar One  United States 1933 Moffett Federal Airfield, Mountain View, California 32,375 m2 (348,480 sq ft) 1 million m3 (35 million cu ft) A naval airship hangar opened in 1933 as the hangar for the rigid airship USS Macon (ZRS-5). The hangar measures 345 meters (1,133 feet) long, 94 meters (308 feet) wide, with a peak of 60 meters (198 feet) high. [30]

Largest floor area[edit]

Concourse B, part of Terminal 3 at Dubai International Airport
The Pentagon

Buildings with the largest usable floor area including multiple stories of at least 400,000 m2 (4,300,000 sq ft):

Name Country and territory Place Floor area Notes
New Century Global Center  China Chengdu 1,760,000 m2 (18,900,000 sq ft) [31][32] "home to several hotels, a skating rink, a university and a water park with its artificial beach measuring 5,000 square meters"[33]
Dubai International Airport Terminal 3  United Arab Emirates Dubai 1,713,000 m2 (18,440,000 sq ft) Three buildings connected by tunnels.[1] "The baggage handling system used in the terminal is the biggest in the world and consists of 0.62-mile conveyor belts and 21 screening points."[33]
Abraj Al Bait Endowment  Saudi Arabia Mecca 1,575,815 m2 (16,961,930 sq ft) [34] "The building is both the tallest and the largest in Saudi Arabia with a height of 1906 feet and a 16.9 million square feet floor area ... "[33] It's the third-tallest building and fifth-tallest freestanding structure in the world.
Istanbul Airport Main Terminal  Turkey Istanbul 1,440,000 m2 (15,500,000 sq ft) Largest airport terminal under a single roof [35]
Iran Mall  Iran Tehran > 1,400,000 m2 (15,000,000 sq ft) World's Largest Mall
Frankfurt Airport Terminal 1  Germany Frankfurt > 1,300,000 m2 (14,000,000 sq ft) [36]
CentralWorld  Thailand Bangkok 1,024,000 m2 (11,020,000 sq ft) [citation needed]
Aalsmeer Flower Auction  Netherlands Aalsmeer 990,000 m2 (10,700,000 sq ft) [37]
Beijing Capital International Airport Terminal 3  China Beijing 986,000 m2 (10,610,000 sq ft) Three buildings connected by train.[38]
The Venetian Macao  Macau Macau 980,000 m2 (10,500,000 sq ft) Largest casino in the world.[39]
Giga Texas  United States Austin, Texas 929,000 m2 (10,000,000 sq ft) [4]
Sands Cotai Central  Macau Macau 890,000 m2 (9,600,000 sq ft) [40]
King Abdulaziz International Airport Terminal 1  Saudi Arabia Jeddah 810,000 m2 (8,700,000 sq ft) [41]
Ciputra World Surabaya  Indonesia Surabaya 750,000 m2 (8,100,000 sq ft) [42]
Beijing Daxing International Airport Terminal  China Beijing 700,000 m2 (7,500,000 sq ft) [43]
Berjaya Times Square  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 700,000 m2 (7,500,000 sq ft) [44]
Central Park Jakarta Complex  Indonesia Jakarta 660,000 m2 (7,100,000 sq ft) [45]
Perpa Trade Center  Turkey Istanbul 660,000m2 (7,100,000 sq ft) [46]
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport Terminal 2  China Guangzhou 658,700 m2 (7,090,000 sq ft) [47]
Kemang Village  Indonesia Jakarta 650,000 m2 (7,000,000 sq ft) [48]
Gandaria City  Indonesia Jakarta 650,000 m2 (7,000,000 sq ft) [49]
The Palazzo  United States Paradise, Nevada 645,581 m2 (6,948,980 sq ft) [50]
Grand Indonesia  Indonesia Jakarta 640,000 m2 (6,900,000 sq ft) [citation needed]
Shanghai Pudong International Airport Satellite Concourse  China Shanghai 622,000 m2 (6,700,000 sq ft) World's largest stand-alone satellite terminal [51]
The Pentagon  United States Arlington County, Virginia 610,000 m2 (6,600,000 sq ft) [52][53]
K-25  United States Oak Ridge, Tennessee 609,000 m2 (6,560,000 sq ft) Demolished in 2013.[54]
United States Air Force Plant 4  United States Fort Worth, Texas 603,870 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft) [55]
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol  Netherlands Amsterdam 650,000 m2 (7,000,000 sq ft) [56]
Hamad International Airport  Qatar Doha 600,000 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft) [57]
Ciputra World 1 Complex  Indonesia Jakarta 583,000 m2 (6,280,000 sq ft) [58]
Marina Bay Sands  Singapore Singapore 581,400 m2 (6,258,000 sq ft) [59]
Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower  Vietnam Hanoi 580,000 m2 (6,200,000 sq ft) [citation needed]
Hong Kong International Airport Terminal 1  Hong Kong Chek Lap Kok 570,000 m2 (6,100,000 sq ft) [60]
Suvarnabhumi Airport  Thailand Samut Prakan 563,000 m2 (6,060,000 sq ft) [61]
ATL Logistics Centre, Centre B  Hong Kong New Territories 550,000 m2 (5,900,000 sq ft) [62]
Kunming Changshui International Airport  China Kunming 548,300 m2 (5,902,000 sq ft) [63]
Barcelona Airport Terminal 1  Spain Barcelona 544,000 m2 (5,860,000 sq ft) [64]
Warren G. Magnuson Health Sciences Center  United States Seattle, Washington 533,000 m2 (5,740,000 sq ft)
Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport Terminal 3A  China Chongqing 530,000 m2 (5,700,000 sq ft) [65]
Osaka Station City[citation needed]  Japan Umeda, Osaka 530,000 m2 (5,700,000 sq ft) [citation needed]
Tesla Factory  United States Fremont, California 511,000 m2 (5,500,000 sq ft) [66]
Indira Gandhi International Airport Terminal 3  India Delhi 502,000 m2 (5,400,000 sq ft) [67]
Siam Paragon  Thailand Bangkok 500,000 m2 (5,400,000 sq ft) [68][self-published source]
Incheon International Airport Terminal 1  South Korea Seoul 496,000 m2 (5,340,000 sq ft) [69]
Chrysler World Headquarters and Technology Center  United States Auburn Hills, Michigan 490,000 m2 (5,300,000 sq ft) [70]
Frankfurt Airport Terminal 2  Germany Frankfurt 476,000 m2 (5,120,000 sq ft) [71]
Barajas Airport Terminal 4 main building  Spain Madrid 470,000 m2 (5,100,000 sq ft) [72]
Azabudai Hills Main Tower  Japan Tokyo 461,395 m2 (4,966,410 sq ft) The largest skyscraper by floor area in Japan and the world, the tallest building in Japan and the third tallest building in East Asia with the height of 325.2 m (1,067 ft).
Ping An Finance Center  China Shenzhen 459,187 m2 (4,942,650 sq ft) The second largest skyscraper by floor area in the world, the second tallest building in China, the fourth tallest building in Asia and the fourth tallest building in the world, with the height of 599.1 m (1,966 ft).
Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport Terminal 3  China Shenzhen 459,000 m2 (4,940,000 sq ft) [73]
Tesla Giga Nevada  United States Storey County, Nevada 455,000 m2 (4.9 million sq ft) Also known as Gigafactory 1.[74]
The Exchange 106  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 453,853 m2 (4,885,230 sq ft) The largest skyscraper by floor area in Malaysia, the third tallest building in Malaysia, the fourth tallest building in Southeast Asia and the 23rd tallest building in the world, with the height of 445.5 m (1,462 ft).
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport Terminal 2  India Mumbai 450,000 m2 (4,800,000 sq ft) [75]
Persian Gulf Complex (Persian: مجتمع خلیج فارس, mojtama'e Khalij-e Fars)  Iran Shiraz 444,000 m2 (4,780,000 sq ft) [76]
Narita International Airport Terminal 1  Japan Narita 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft) [77]
Renaissance Center  United States Detroit, Michigan 434,000 m2 (4,670,000 sq ft) Five connected towers[78][79]
Soekarno–Hatta International Airport Terminal 3  Indonesia Tangerang 422,804 m2 (4,551,020 sq ft) [80]
Mid Valley Megamall  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 420,000 m2 (4,500,000 sq ft) [81]
Willis Tower  United States Chicago, Illinois 418,000 m2 (4,500,000 sq ft) [82]
USAA McDermott Building  United States San Antonio, Texas 414,642 m2 (4,463,170 sq ft) [83]
Taipei 101  Taiwan Taipei 412,500 m2 (4,440,000 sq ft) [84]
Nagoya Station  Japan Nagoya 410,000 m2 (4,400,000 sq ft) [85]
Boeing Plant  United States Everett, Washington 398,000 m2 (4,280,000 sq ft) Value is footprint; floor space is greater.[2]
Rajiv Gandhi International Airport  India Hyderabad 376,684.53m2 (4,047,000 sq ft)

Special categories[edit]

Other buildings which are the largest of their type:

Type of building Name Country and territory Place Floor area Volume
Department store Shinsegae Centum City[86]  South Korea Busan 509,810 m2 (5,487,500 sq ft)
Industrial building Boeing Everett Factory  United States Everett, Washington 398,000 m2 (4.3 million sq ft) 13.3 million m3 (472 million cubic ft)
Legislature building Sappaya-Sapasathan[87]  Thailand Bangkok 424,000 m2 (4,560,000 sq ft)
Skyscraper Azabudai Hills Main Tower  Japan Tokyo 461,395 m2 (4,966,410 sq ft)
Bus depot Millennium Park Bus Depot  India Delhi 305,265 m2 (3.6 million sq ft)
Courthouse Istanbul Justice Palace  Turkey Istanbul 300,000 m2 (3.0 million sq ft)
Bus terminal Tel Aviv Central Bus Station  Israel Tel Aviv 230,000 m2 (2.5 million sq ft)
Museum Louvre Museum  France Paris 210,000 m2 (2,260,421 sq ft)
Current residence Presidential Complex  Turkey Ankara 200,020 m2 (2,152,997 sq ft)
Current royal residence Istana Nurul Iman  Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 200,000 m2 (2,152,782 sq ft)
Royal palace Royal Palace of Caserta  Italy Caserta 235,000 m2 (2,529,519 sq ft) 2 million m3 (70 million cu ft)
Shipbuilding hall Meyer Werft Dockhalle 2  Germany Papenburg, Niedersachsen 63,000 m2 (678,000 sq ft) 4.72 million m3 (167 million cu ft)
Hemispherical building Jeddah Super Dome[88]  Saudi Arabia Jeddah 39,800 m2 ( 428,404  sq ft)

See also[edit]

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