List of largest church buildings

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St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City, the largest church in the world.[1]

A church can be measured by various criteria in order to determine its size. Such measures include area, volume, length, width, height, or capacity. Several churches individually claim to be "the largest church", which may be due to any one of these criteria.

Criteria for Inclusion[edit]

  • The reason the edifice was built was for Christian religious services (see Church (building) for more detail)
    • Entries are included even if they *currently* do not function as a church. For example, the Hagia Sophia is included – it was originally built as a church but was later converted into a mosque.
    • Buildings that have become churches, but were not built for that purpose are not included, like the Lakewood Church building that used to be the Compaq Center.
  • The building must still be standing.
  • The building have a known floor area of more than 2,000 square metres (22,000 sq ft).
    • Internal floor area is measured to the internal face of the external walls.
    • External floor area is measured to the external face of the external walls.
    • A reliable source is present stating the building's area.
  • Not a Shrine, Tabernacle, Temple, or any other structures that function separately from a church.
Name Area (m2) Gross volume (m³) Capacity Built City Country Denomination Notes
Interior Exterior
St. Peter's Basilica 15,160[2] 21,095[2] 60,000[3] 1506–1626 Vatican City   Vatican City Catholic (Latin) Largest church in the world [1]
Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady Aparecida 12,000[4][5][6] 18,331[7] 1,200,000[8] 30,000[9] 1955–80 Aparecida  Brazil Catholic (Latin) Largest cathedral in the world.[10]
Milan Cathedral 11,700[11][12] 440,000[13] 40,000 1386–1965 Milan  Italy Catholic (Latin)
Seville Cathedral 11,520[14] 500,000 + 1401–1528 Seville  Spain Catholic (Latin) Largest Gothic religious building in the world.[15]
Cathedral of St. John the Divine 11,241[16] 480,000[17] 8,600 1892–present New York City  United States Anglican (Episcopal Church in the U.S.) Unfinished.
Basilica of Our Lady of Licheń 10,090[citation needed] 300,000[18] 1994–2004 Licheń Stary  Poland Catholic (Latin) 9,240 m2[18] or 10,090 m2
Liverpool Cathedral 9,687[19] 450,000 + 3,500 1904–78 Liverpool  United Kingdom Anglican (Church of England)
Basilica of the Holy Trinity 8,700[20] 130,000 9,000 2004–07 Fátima  Portugal Catholic (Latin) Area given as 12,000m²[8]
Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls 8,515[citation needed] 4th–5th century; rebuilt 1825–1929 Rome  Italy Catholic (Latin)
Basilica-Cathedral of Our Lady of the Pillar 8,318[21] 1681–1872 Zaragoza  Spain Catholic (Latin)
Florence Cathedral 8,300[citation needed] 1296–1436 Florence  Italy Catholic (Latin)
Ulm Minster 8,260[citation needed] 190,000 2,000 1377–1890 Ulm  Germany Protestant (Lutheran) Tallest church in the world[22]
Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe 8,167[citation needed] 10,000 1974–76 Mexico City  Mexico Catholic (Latin) Circular base of 102 m in diameter[23]
Cathedral of Our Lady 8,000[24] 1352–1521 Antwerp  Belgium Catholic (Latin)
Rio de Janeiro Cathedral 8,000[25] 20,000[25] 1964–76 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil Catholic (Latin)
Basilica of the Sacred Heart 8,000[citation needed] 1905–70 Koekelberg (Brussels)  Belgium Catholic (Latin)
Basilica of Our Lady of Peace 7,989 30,000[26] 18,000[27] 1985–89 Yamoussoukro  Ivory Coast Catholic (Latin) The basilica proper is 7,989 m2.[28] The exterior area (footprint) also includes a rectory, a villa, and the two semicircular colonnades, which are not strictly part of the church. The basilica has seating for 7,000 people in the nave, and standing room for an additional 11,000 people, for a grand total of 18,000 people.
Hagia Sophia 7,960[citation needed] 255,800[29] 532–537 Istanbul  Turkey Eastern Orthodox (Greek) Constructed as a Byzantine church in 537 before being converted into a mosque following the fall of Constantinople. It remained the world's largest cathedral for nearly one thousand years. In 1934, after the Ottoman Empire, the secular Turkish government decided to convert into a museum opened to the public. This decision was reversed and now it is once again a mosque.
San Petronio Basilica 7,920[citation needed] 258,000 28,000 1390–1479 Bologna  Italy Catholic (Latin)
Cologne Cathedral 7,914[citation needed] 407,000[30] 1248–1880 Cologne  Germany Catholic (Latin)
St Paul's Cathedral 7,875[31] 1677–1708 London  United Kingdom Anglican (Church of England)
Washington National Cathedral 7,712[32] 1907–90 Washington, DC  United States Anglican (Episcopal Church in the U.S.)
Amiens Cathedral 7,700[33] 200,000 (interior only) 1220–70 Amiens  France Catholic (Latin) Gross volume slightly below 400,000[citation needed]
Abbey of Santa Giustina 7,700[citation needed] 1501–1606[34] Padua  Italy Catholic (Latin)
Cathedral of the Nativity 7,500[35] 135,000[36] 8,200 2017–2019 Cairo  Egypt Oriental Orthodox (Coptic) Largest Oriental Orthodox church in the world
Yoido Full Gospel 7,450 (estimated) 44,000+ 12,000 1973 Seoul  South Korea Protestant (Pentecostal) Largest Pentecostal church
St. Vitus Cathedral 7,440[citation needed] 1344–1929 Prague  Czech Republic Catholic (Latin)
Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception 7,097[37] 10,234 7,500 1920–2017 Washington, DC  United States Catholic (Latin) Largest Catholic church in North America. The figure given for the interior area refers to the Great Upper Church and the upper floor. The area of the Crypt Church and the lower floor is 12,069 m2, for a total floor area of 19,166 m2.[37]
Cathedral of La Plata 6,968[citation needed] 1884–1932 La Plata  Argentina Catholic (Latin) Largest church in Argentina[citation needed]
Saint Joseph's Oratory 6,825[citation needed] 1904–67 Montreal  Canada Catholic (Latin) The largest church in Canada
Shrine of St. Paulina 6,740[38] 9,000[38] 6,000[39] 2003–2006 Nova Trento  Brazil Catholic (Latin)
Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral 6,732[citation needed] 1573–1813 Mexico City  Mexico Catholic (Latin)
Palma Cathedral 6,655[citation needed] 160,000 (interior) 1220–1346 Palma, Majorca  Spain Catholic (Latin)
Reims Cathedral 6,650[citation needed] 1211–75 Reims  France Catholic (Latin) The longest church in France at 149.17m[citation needed]
Berlin Cathedral or Berliner Dom 6,270 [40] 2,000+ 1451–1905 Berlin  Germany Protestant (Lutheran) 116 meters high & 73 meters wide, remarkable landmark of the city.
Strasbourg Cathedral 6,044[citation needed] 1015–1439 Strasbourg  France Catholic (Latin) World's tallest building from 1647 to 1874[citation needed]
Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels 6,038[citation needed] 1998–2002 Los Angeles  United States Catholic (Latin)
De Hoeksteen 43,300 2,531 2007-08 Barneveld  Netherlands Protestant (Calvinist)
People's Salvation Cathedral 6,000[41][42] 323,000[43][44][45] 7,000 2010–present Bucharest  Romania Eastern Orthodox (Romanian) Tallest and largest (by volume) Orthodox church building in the world.[46][47]
Padre Pio Pilgrimage Church 6,000[citation needed] 6,500 1991–2004 San Giovanni Rotondo  Italy Catholic (Latin) Vaulted church holding 6,500 seats[citation needed]
York Minster 5,927[48] 1230–1472 York  United Kingdom Anglican (Church of England) Largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe.
Bourges Cathedral 5,900[citation needed] 1195–1230 Bourges  France Catholic (Latin)
São Paulo Cathedral 5,700[49] 8,000[50] 1913–1954 São Paulo  Brazil Catholic (Latin)
Esztergom Basilica 5,660[citation needed] 1822–69 Esztergom  Hungary Catholic (Latin)
Notre Dame de Paris 5,500[citation needed] 9,000 1163–1345; 2019–present (reconstruction) Paris  France Catholic (Latin) Roof and main spire destroyed by fire on 15 April 2019
Sagrada Familia 5,400[citation needed] 9,000 1882–present Barcelona  Spain Catholic (Latin) Unfinished. Will be the tallest church in the world when finished (172.5m).[citation needed] Is expected to be completed sometime after 2026.[51]
Primate Cathedral of Bogotá 5,300[citation needed] 1807–23 Bogotá  Colombia Catholic (Latin)
Chartres Cathedral 5,200[citation needed] 10,875[citation needed] 1145–1220 Chartres  France Catholic (Latin)
New Cathedral, Linz 5,170[citation needed] 1862–1924 Linz  Austria Catholic (Latin)
Speyer Cathedral 5,038 1030-1103 Speyer  Germany Catholic (Latin) Added to the UNESCO World Heritage List
Provo ward conference center 5,038[52] 2012 Provo, Utah  United States The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints [53]
Westminster Cathedral 5,017[citation needed] 3,000 1895–1910 London  United Kingdom Catholic (Latin) Largest Catholic Church in the UK.
Medak Cathedral 5,000[54] 1914–26 Medak  India Anglican (Church of South India)
Lincoln Cathedral 5,000 (estimated)[55] 1185–1311 Lincoln, England  United Kingdom Anglican (Church of England)
St. Mary's Church 5,000[citation needed] 155,000[56] 1343–1502 Gdańsk  Poland Catholic (Latin)
Holy Trinity Cathedral 5,000[citation needed] 137,000[citation needed] 1995–2004 Tbilisi  Georgia Eastern Orthodox (Georgian)
Winchester Cathedral 4,968[57] 1079–1525 Winchester  United Kingdom Anglican (Church of England) The longest Gothic cathedral in Europe[58]
Almudena Cathedral 4,800[citation needed] 1883–1993 Madrid  Spain Catholic (Latin) It has a north–south orientation instead of east–west.
Dresden Cathedral 4,800[citation needed] 1739–55 Dresden  Germany Catholic (Latin) Largest church in all of Saxony[citation needed]
Basilica of St. Thérèse, Lisieux 4,500[citation needed] 1929–54 Lisieux  France Catholic (Latin)
Basilica de San Martin de Tours (Taal) 4,320[59] 1856–78 Taal, Batangas  Philippines Catholic (Latin) Largest Catholic church in Asia
Ely Cathedral, Cambridgeshire 4,273[60] 1083–1375 Ely  United Kingdom Anglican (Church of England)
Frauenkirche 4,188[citation needed] 185,000–190,000[61] 1468–1525 Munich  Germany Catholic (Latin)
Cathedral Basilica of the Sacred Heart 4,181[62] 2,000[62] 1898-1954 Newark, New Jersey  United States Catholic (Latin)
St. Stephen's Basilica 4,147 1851–1906 Budapest  Hungary Catholic (Latin)
Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis (St. Louis) 4,130[citation needed] 1907–14 St. Louis  United States Catholic (Latin) Mosaics 7,700 square meters[citation needed]
Saint Isaac's Cathedral 4,000 +[63] 7,000 260,000 1818–58 Saint Petersburg  Russia Eastern Orthodox (Russian) Built as a cathedral, now a museum
Cathedral of Christ the Saviour 3,980[64] 6,829.3[64] 101,992[64] 9,500[64] 1839–83 Moscow  Russia Eastern Orthodox (Russian) Rebuilt from 1995 to 2000
Saint Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral, Yerevan 3,822[citation needed] 1997–2001 Yerevan  Armenia Oriental Orthodox (Armenian)
Holy Name of Jesus Cathedral 3,820[citation needed] 2015–2018 Raleigh  United States Catholic (Latin)
Catedral Evangelica de Chile or Jotabeche Cathedral 3,714.91 [65][66] 7,000[67][68] 1967-74 Santiago de Chile  Chile Protestant (Pentecostal) Largest capacity in Chile, national historic monument since 2013. 20,000 persons into it for the dedication of new “Temple-Cathedral". 2nd-largest congregation; 350,000 by one pastor-bishop.[69][65][70][71][72]
Church of Saint Sava 3,650[73] 4,830[74] 170,000[75] 1935–89 Belgrade  Serbia Eastern Orthodox (Serbian) Largest church in the Balkans[citation needed]
Blessed Stanley Rother Shrine 3,512[76] 1,859 2021-2022 Oklahoma City  United States Catholic (Latin)
Yeonmudae Catholic Church 3,360[citation needed] 2008–2009 Korea Army Training Center  South Korea Catholic (Latin) The largest church in East Asia[citation needed]
Grace Cathedral 3,357[77] 1910–64 San Francisco  United States Anglican (Episcopal Church in the U.S.)
Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul (Lewiston, Maine) 3,264 2,200 1906–1936 Lewiston, Maine  United States Catholic (Latin) Largest church in the State of Maine, still serves mass in French.
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral 3,170[78] 86,000[79] 1882–1912 Sofia  Bulgaria Eastern Orthodox (Bulgaria)
Christ Cathedral 3,030[80] 1977–1980 Garden Grove, California  United States Catholic (Latin) Formerly known as the Crystal Cathedral. Consecrated as the Christ Cathedral[81]
Westminster Abbey 2,972[82] 2,200[83] 960–18c London  United Kingdom Anglican (Church of England)
Sümi Baptist Church, Zünheboto 2,885 8,500 2007–2017 Zunheboto, Nagaland  India Protestant (Baptist)
St Andrew's Cathedral, Patras 2,600[84] 1908–1974 Patras  Greece Eastern Orthodox (Greek) 1,900 m2 on the ground floor and additionally 700 m2 on the first level (used as a gynaeconitis)
St. Patrick's Cathedral (Manhattan) 2,500[85][86] 2,400[87] 1858–1878 Manhattan, New York  United States Catholic (Latin)
Beomeo Cathedral 2,463[citation needed] 2013–2016 Daegu  South Korea Catholic (Latin)
Helsinki Cathedral 2,400 1,300 1869–1887 Helsinki  Finland Protestant (Lutheran)
Cathedral Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi (Santa Fe) 2,322[citation needed] 1869–1887 Santa Fe, New Mexico  United States Catholic (Latin)
Our Lady of Dolours Syro-Malabar Catholic Basilica 2,300[citation needed] 1929–2005 Thrissur  India Catholic (Syro-Malabar) It has the third tallest tower in Asia[citation needed]
St. John's Church, Seongnam 2,260[citation needed] 1994–2002 Seongnam  South Korea Catholic (Latin) Until 2009, largest church in East Asia[citation needed]
Basilica of St. John the Baptist 2,135[citation needed] 64,040[88] 1839–55 St. John's  Canada Catholic (Latin)
St. Joseph Cathedral 2,125 1941 San Diego  United States Catholic (Latin)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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