List of largest church buildings in the world
This article lists the largest church buildings in the world as measured by various criteria.
The term church is open to interpretation and debate. In this article, it means any building that was built for the primary purpose of Christian worship. The list does include at least one building, the Hagia Sophia, that was originally a church but later became a mosque - and is now a museum.
Whilst claims are made about the relative size of churches many of these claims are not easily substantiated. "Largest" is at best a vague term, which is often not qualified by claimants. Accepted measures of largeness could include area, volume, length, width, height, and/or capacity, although the last is far more subjective. It is important to note therefore that churches may claim to be "the largest" based on only one of these measurements; and thus that there may be several churches that have equal claim to be "the largest church". Since there is no official body governing these claims, there is no generally accepted criterion for being "the largest church".
The list below attempts to rank churches by different (more-or-less) objective criteria, and thus may generate different orders depending on the measure used. Churches for which claims are made but dimensions cannot be found are not included on the below lists.
For length, width and height, there is usually a definitive statistic for each church, which can easily be compared. However, for area and volume, the situation is often more complex. It is often possible to find multiple values quoted for the area/volume of a church in references. Many values appear to be estimates or approximations (especially for volume), or may have been calculated by multiplying lengths, widths and heights. In the latter case, the exact dimensions used (internal vs. external, etc.) may give very different figures. Therefore, although area and volume are the most common 'largeness' measures, they are also apt to be the least reliable. This should be borne in mind when comparing church sizes.
- List of highest church naves
- List of the largest Protestant churches
- List of the largest Protestant churches in the USA
- List of largest Orthodox cathedrals
- "St. Peter's - The Nave". Saintpetersbasilica.org. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Basilica of St. Peter". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- Ellis, Edward Robb (21 December 2004). The Epic of New York City: A Narrative History. Basic Books. p. 413. ISBN 978-0786714360. Retrieved 2015-05-29. (subscription required (. ))
- "Faith". The Times. 13 March 2012. Archived from the original on 30 August 2008. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
- "Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Aparecida". Structurae. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
- [Read more at http://www.christianpost.com/news/125000-sq-foot-kansas-megachurch-building-still-for-sale-66315/#oIoMCGJzJ0SJsQJ1.99 Megachurch for sale]
- Quintero, Josephine. "Seville Cathedral, The City of Seville main sights, Andalucia, Southern Spain". Andalucia.com. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
- "Seville Cathedral". seville-traveller.com. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
- Ellis, Edward Robb Edgewood Apartments p. 413
- Paved surface of the cathedral according to the City Planning Assessor. "Corriere della sera", 3 April 2011.
- And third largest after St. Peter and Cathedral of Seville. "Milano", Touring Club Italiano, Milano, 1985. ISBN 88-365-0004-8. Page 130.
- Calculated as length * width = 118.5m * 82m = 9,717m^2, see Basilica e Abbazia di Santa Giustina
- Basilica e Abbazia di Santa Giustina
- 9,240 m² of Lichen Basilica: enclosed main floor includes transept and apse at 290 m², enclosed tower floor at 560 m², open tower and gallery floor at 23,000 m² (which excludes the porticos at 530 m²), total area includes all floors"Sanktuarium Maryjne w Licheniu". Lichen.pl. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
- "Cathedral". Liverpool Cathedral. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
- Carvalho, António P. O.; Freitas, Diamantino (10 July 2003). "The New Megachurch For The Sanctuary Of Fátima" (PDF). Tenth International Congress on Sound and Vibration. Stockholm: University of Porto. Retrieved 2015-05-29.
- "La Basílica de Nuestra Señora del Pilar" (in Spanish). Goya.unizar.es. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
- "Basílica de Guadalupe | Santuario". Virgendeguadalupe.org.mx. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
- "Art & Architecture: Facts and Figures". Dekathedraal.be. Retrieved 2015-05-29.
- "The world's most extreme structures". The Guardian. 17 June 2004. Retrieved 2015-05-29.
- "Basilica of Our Lady of Peace Yamoussoukro". Emporis: Buildings. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
- Woszczyk, Wieslaw (27 January 2014). "Aural Architecture: Music, Acoustics, and Ritual" (PDF). Onassis Seminar on music acoustics and ritual. Stanford University. Retrieved 2015-05-29.
- data from http://www.bolognawelcome.com, Basilica di San Petronio plus calculations as follows:
- San Petronio de Bologna: The footplan of the building is a simple rectangle
- Area = length of the building x width of the building = 132 m x 60 m
- The volume, without the roofs, can be calculated as a sum of five cuboids, one single (the central nave) and two pairs (the aisles and the files of chapels). The sum each of the pairs can be calculated as one cuboid of double width. Knowing the height of the central nave and the width of the building, the measures of the sections can be calculated by measuring an orthograde photo of the facade.
- Volume = (traverse section of the central nave [width = 22 m, height = 44.27 m] + sum of the traverse sections of the two aisles [width = 20 m, height = 29.06 m] + sum of the traverse sections of the two files of chapels [width = 18 m, height = 22.38 m]) x length of the building [132 m]
- (973.94 + 581.2 + 402.84) x 132 = 1,957.98 x 132 = 258,453.36
- San Petronio de Bologna: The footplan of the building is a simple rectangle
- "The Cathedral's dimensions". Dierk's page. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-29.
- "Architectural History". Washington National Cathedral. Retrieved 2015-05-29.
- Structurae. "Structurae - International Database and Gallery of Structures". En.structurae.de. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
- "Histsory: Architecture". National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
- Description of Tblisi Cathedral: The overall area of the cathedral, including its large narthex, is 5,000 square meters and the volume it occupies is 137,000 cubic meters. The interior of the church measures 56 metres by 44 metres, with an interior area of 2,380 square metres. The height of the cathedral from the ground to the top of the cross is 105,5 metres. The underground chapel occupies 35,550 cubic metres. The height is 13 metres.
- Sergeant, Philip W. (1899). Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Winchester. London: George Bell & Sons.
- Basilica de San Martin de Tours (Taal)
- "Facts & Figures". Ely Cathedral. Retrieved 2015-05-29.
- data from www.muenchen.de Frauenkirche (Dom Zu Unserer Lieben Frau) plus calculations as follows: Munich Frauenkirche is a hall church without a transept, but with an ambulatory ao full height around the choir. Therefore the volume of the hall can simply be calculated as the sum of a cubiod and half of a cylindre of the same height. With a length of 109 m and a width of 40 m and a height of the interior of 37 m, that makes
- (89 m x 40 m + π x 20 m x 20 m ÷ 2) x 37 m = 4,188 m² x 37 m = 154,956 m³.
- roof above the cuboid: (58 m – 37 m) x 40 m x 98 m ÷ 2 = 21 m x 40 m x 49 m = 41.160 m³
- roof above the hemi-cylindre: 20 m x 20 m x 21 m x π ÷ 6 = 4396 m³
- sum of the roof = 45,556
- sum of nave and roof = 200.512
- estimated volume of the towers (98 m) above the roof 2 x 13 m x 13 m x ( 98 m - 48 m) = 16.900 m³
- "Димензије и архитектонске карактеристике Храм Светог Саве гатара" [Dimensions and Architectural Features] (in Serbian). Hram Svetog Save. Retrieved 2015-05-29.
- "I love early morning Sofia.".
The church occupies an area of 3170 m² and can accommodate up to 5,000 worshippers inside, which makes it the second biggest cathedral on the Balkan Peninsula after the Temple of Saint Sava in Serbia.
- "Welcome to Medak Diocese | Church of South India". Csimedakdiocese.in. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
- "Geology of the Catholic Basilica of St. John the Baptist, St. John's, Newfoundland" (PDF). Geoscience Canada. Geological Association of Canada. 31 (1): 1–10. March 2004. Retrieved 2015-05-29.
- "Welcome". Cathedral Church of All Saints. Retrieved 2015-05-29.