List of countries by national capital, largest and second-largest cities

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This is a list of the largest and second-largest cities by population in each country. If a territory or region of a certain country is listed, the name of the country is specified in parentheses immediately after the name of the territory.

Oran, Algeria
Córdoba, Argentina
Melbourne, Australia
Graz, Austria
Antwerp, Belgium
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Montreal, Canada
Concepción, Chile
Medellín, Colombia
Split, Croatia
Aarhus, Denmark
Alexandria, Egypt
Espoo, Finland
Marseille, France
Hamburg, Germany
Thessaloniki, Greece
Debrecen, Hungary
Delhi, India
Milan, Italy
Yokohama, Japan
Busan, South Korea
Ecatepec, Mexico
Rotterdam, Netherlands
Wellington, New Zealand
Bergen, Norway
Cebu City, Philippines
Kraków, Poland
Saint Petersburg, Russia
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Barcelona, Spain
Gothenburg, Sweden
Geneva, Switzerland
Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Hat Yai, Thailand
Ankara, Turkey
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Birmingham, United Kingdom
Los Angeles, United States
Hanoi, Vietnam
Country or territory Capital City proper Source
Largest Second largest
Metropolitan area (if different)
Largest Second largest
 Abkhazia Sukhumi Gagra [1]
 Afghanistan Kabul Kandahar [citation needed]
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia (UK) Episkopi Cantonment Ayios Nikolaos [citation needed]
 Åland Islands (Finland) Mariehamn Jomala [citation needed]
 Albania Tirana Durrës [2]
 Algeria Algiers Oran [3]
 American Samoa (US) Pago Pago Tafuna Nu'uuli [4]
 Andorra Andorra la Vella Les Escaldes [5]
 Angola Luanda Huambo [6]
 Anguilla (UK) The Valley North Side The Valley [7]
 Antigua and Barbuda St. John's All Saints [8]
 Argentina Buenos Aires Córdoba [9]
 Armenia Yerevan Gyumri [10]
 Aruba (Netherlands) Oranjestad Sint Nicolaas [11]
 Australia Canberra Sydney Melbourne [12]
 Austria Vienna Graz [13]
 Azerbaijan Baku Ganja [14]
 Bahamas Nassau Freeport [15]
 Bahrain Manama Riffa [16]
 Bangladesh Dhaka Chittagong [17]
 Barbados Bridgetown Speightstown [18]
 Belarus Minsk Homel [19]
 Belgium Brussels Antwerp [20]
 Belize Belmopan Belize City San Ignacio [21]
 Benin Porto-Novo Cotonou Abomey-Calavi [22]
 Bermuda (UK) Hamilton St. George's Hamilton [23]
 Bhutan Thimphu Phuntsholing [24]
 Bolivia Sucre Santa Cruz de la Sierra El Alto [25]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Banja Luka [26]
 Botswana Gaborone Francistown [27]
 Brazil Brasília São Paulo Rio de Janeiro [28]
 Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Kuala Belait [29]
 Bulgaria Sofia Plovdiv [30]
 Burkina Faso Ouagadougou Bobo-Dioulasso [31]
 Burundi Bujumbura Muyinga [32]
 Cambodia Phnom Penh Battambang [33]
 Cameroon Yaoundé Douala Yaoundé [34]
 Canada Ottawa Toronto Montreal [35]
 Cape Verde Praia Mindelo [36]
 Cayman Islands (UK) George Town West Bay [37]
 Central African Republic Bangui Bimbo [38]
 Chad N'Djamena Moundou [39]
 Chile Santiago Puente Alto [40]
[41]
 China, People's Republic of Beijing Shanghai Beijing [42]
 China, Republic of Taipei New Taipei Kaohsiung [43]
[44]
Taipei[Note 1] Taichung[Note 1]
 Christmas Island (Australia) Flying Fish Cove Poon Saan
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) West Island Bantam West Island
 Colombia Bogotá Medellín [45]
 Comoros Moroni Mutsamudu [46]
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the Kinshasa Lubumbashi [47]
 Congo, Republic of the Brazzaville Pointe-Noire [48]
 Cook Islands (New Zealand) Avarua Amuri [49]
 Costa Rica San José Alajuela [50]
 Côte d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro Abidjan Bouaké [51]
 Croatia Zagreb Split [52]
 Cuba Havana Santiago de Cuba [53]
 Curaçao (Netherlands) Willemstad Sint Michiel [54]
 Cyprus Nicosia Limassol [55]
 Czech Republic Prague Brno [56]
[57]
Ostrava
 Denmark Copenhagen Aarhus [58]
 Djibouti Djibouti Ali Sabieh [59]
 Dominica Roseau Portsmouth [60]
 Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Santiago de los Caballeros [61]
 East Timor Dili Dare [62]
 Ecuador Quito Guayaquil Quito [63]
 Egypt Cairo Alexandria [64]
 El Salvador San Salvador Santa Ana [65]
 Equatorial Guinea Malabo Bata Malabo [66]
 Eritrea Asmara Keren [67]
 Estonia Tallinn Tartu [68]
 Ethiopia Addis Ababa Dire Dawa [69]
 Falkland Islands (UK) Stanley Goose Green [70]
 Faroe Islands (Denmark) Tórshavn Klaksvík [71]
 Fiji Suva Nasinu Suva [72]
 Finland Helsinki Espoo [73]
[74]
Tampere
 France Paris Marseille [75]
[76]
Lyon
 French Guiana (France) Cayenne Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni [77]
 French Polynesia (France) Papeete Mahina [78]
 Gabon Libreville Port-Gentil [79]
 Gambia, The Banjul Serekunda Brikama [80]
 Georgia Tbilisi Kutaisi [81]
 Germany Berlin Berlin Hamburg [82][83]
Rhine-Ruhr Berlin
 Ghana Accra Kumasi [84]
 Gibraltar (UK) Gibraltar [85]
 Greece Athens Thessaloniki [86]
 Greenland (Denmark) Nuuk Sisimiut [87]
 Grenada St. George's Gouyave [88]
 Guam (US) Hagåtña Tamuning Mangilao [89]
 Guatemala Guatemala City Quetzaltenango [90]
 Guernsey (UK) Saint Peter Port Vale [91]
 Guinea Conakry Nzérékoré [92]
 Guinea-Bissau Bissau Gabú [93]
 Guyana Georgetown Linden [94]
 Haiti Port-au-Prince Gonaïves [95]
 Honduras Tegucigalpa San Pedro Sula [96]
 Hong Kong (China) Victoria Kowloon Victoria [96]
 Hungary Budapest Debrecen [97]
 Iceland Reykjavík Kópavogur [98]
 India New Delhi Mumbai Delhi [99]
 Indonesia Jakarta Surabaya [100]
[101]
 Iran Tehran Mashhad [102]
[103]
 Iraq Baghdad Basra [104]
 Ireland Dublin Cork [105]
 Isle of Man (UK) Douglas Onchan [106]
 Israel Jerusalem Tel Aviv [107]
[108]
 Italy Rome Milan [109]
[110]
 Jamaica Kingston Spanish Town [111]
 Japan Tokyo Yokohama [112]
[113]
Osaka
 Jersey (UK) Saint Helier Saint Saviour [114]
 Jordan Amman Zarqa [115]
 Kazakhstan Astana Almaty Astana [116]
 Kenya Nairobi Mombasa [117]
 Kiribati Bairiki Betio Bairiki [118]
 Korea, North Pyongyang Hamhung [119]
 Korea, South Seoul Busan [120]
 Kosovo Pristina Prizren [121]
 Kuwait Kuwait City Al Jahra [122]
 Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Osh [123]
 Laos Vientiane Pakxe [124]
 Latvia Riga Daugavpils [125]
 Lebanon Beirut Tripoli [126]
 Lesotho Maseru Teyateyaneng [127]
 Liberia Monrovia Gbarnga [128]
 Libya Tripoli Benghazi [129]
 Liechtenstein Vaduz Schaan Vaduz [130]
 Lithuania Vilnius Kaunas [131]
 Luxembourg Luxembourg City Esch-sur-Alzette [132]
 Macedonia Skopje Bitola [133]
 Madagascar Antananarivo Toamasina [134]
 Malawi Lilongwe Blantyre [135]
 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur George Town
 Maldives Malé Addu City [136]
 Mali Bamako Sikasso [137]
 Malta Valletta Birkirkara Mosta [138]
[139]
Valletta
 Marshall Islands Majuro Ebeye Rita [140]
 Mauritania Nouakchott Nouadhibou [141]
 Mauritius Port Louis Beau Bassin-Rose Hill [142]
 Mayotte (France) Mamoudzou Dzaoudzi
 Mexico Mexico City Ecatepec [143]
 Federated States of Micronesia Palikir Weno Palikir [144]
 Moldova Chişinău Tiraspol [145]
 Monaco Monaco Monte Carlo La Condamine [146]
 Mongolia Ulan Bator Darkhan [147]
 Montenegro Podgorica Nikšić [148]
 Montserrat (UK) Brades[Note 2] Saint Peter's [149]
 Morocco Rabat Casablanca Fez [150]
 Mozambique Maputo Beira [151]
 Myanmar Nay Pyi Taw Yangon Mandalay [152]
 Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijan) Stepanakert Shusha
 Namibia Windhoek Rundu [153]
 Nauru Yaren Denigomudu
   Nepal Kathmandu Pokhara [154]
 Netherlands Amsterdam Rotterdam [155]
[156]
 New Caledonia (France) Nouméa [157]
 New Zealand Wellington Auckland Wellington [158]
 Nicaragua Managua León [159]
 Niger Niamey Zinder [160]
 Nigeria Abuja Lagos Kano [161]
 Niue (New Zealand) Alofi Hakupu [162]
 Norfolk Island (Australia) Kingston Burnt Pine Kingston
 Northern Cyprus (Cyprus) North Nicosia Famagusta
 Northern Mariana Islands (US) San Antonio[Note 3] Garapan[Note 3] [163]
 Norway Oslo Bergen [164]
 Oman Muscat Salalah [165]
 Pakistan Islamabad Karachi Lahore [166]
 Palau Ngerulmud Koror Airai [167]
 State of Palestine East Jerusalem Gaza City Hebron [168]
[169]
East Jerusalem
 Panama Panama City Colón [170]
 Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Lae [171]
 Paraguay Asunción Ciudad del Este [172]
 Peru Lima Arequipa [173]
 Philippines[Note 4] Manila Quezon City Manila [174]
Manila Cebu City
 Pitcairn Islands (UK) Adamstown
 Poland Warsaw Kraków [175]
[176]
 Portugal Lisbon Porto [177]
 Puerto Rico San Juan Bayamón [178]
[179]
Ponce
 Qatar Doha Al Rayyan [180]
 Romania Bucharest Cluj-Napoca [181]
Constanța
 Russia Moscow Saint Petersburg [182]
 Rwanda Kigali Gitarama [183]
 Saint Barthélemy (France) Gustavia St. Jean
 Saint Helena (UK) Jamestown Half Tree Hollow Jamestown [184]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre Charlestown [185]
 Saint Lucia Castries Gros Islet [186]
 Saint Martin (France) Marigot Rambaud
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) Saint-Pierre Miquelon [187]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown Georgetown [188]
 Samoa Apia Vaitele [189]
 San Marino San Marino Dogana Borgo Maggiore [190]
 São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé Trindade [191]
 Saudi Arabia Riyadh Jeddah [192]
 Senegal Dakar Pikine [193]
 Serbia Belgrade Novi Sad [194]
 Seychelles Victoria Anse Etoile
 Sierra Leone Freetown Bo [195]
 Singapore Singapore [196]
 Sint Maarten (Netherlands) Prince's Quarter Cul De Sac [197]
 Slovakia Bratislava Košice [198]
 Slovenia Ljubljana Maribor [199]
 Solomon Islands Honiara Gizo [200]
 Somalia Mogadishu Hargeisa
 South Africa Cape Town[Note 5] Cape Town[Note 5] Durban [201]
[202]
Johannesburg Cape Town[Note 5]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK) King Edward Point Grytviken
 South Ossetia (Georgia) Tskhinvali Akhalgori
 South Sudan Juba Yei
 Spain Madrid Barcelona [203]
 Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Colombo Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia [204]
[205]
Kandy
 Sudan Khartoum Omdurman Khartoum [206]
[207]
Khartoum Port Sudan
 Suriname Paramaribo Lelydorp [208]
 Svalbard and Jan Mayen (Norway) Longyearbyen Barentsburg [209]
 Swaziland Mbabane Manzini Mbabane [210]
 Sweden Stockholm Gothenburg [211]
  Switzerland Bern Zürich Geneva [212]
 Syria Damascus Aleppo Damascus [213]
[214]
 Tajikistan Dushanbe Khujand [215]
 Tanzania Dodoma Dar es Salaam Mwanza [216]
 Thailand Bangkok Nonthaburi [217]
[218]
Pak Kret
 Togo Lomé Sokodé [219]
 Tokelau (New Zealand) None Fakaofo Atafu [220]
 Tonga Nukuʻalofa Neiafu [221]
 Transnistria (Moldova) Tiraspol Tighina
 Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Chaguanas San Fernando [222]
 Tunisia Tunis Sfax [223]
 Turkey Ankara Istanbul Ankara [224]
 Turkmenistan Ashgabat Türkmenabat [225]
 Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) Cockburn Town Five Cays Honda Road [226]
 Tuvalu Funafuti[Note 6] Asau [227]
 Uganda Kampala Gulu [228]
 Ukraine Kyiv Kharkiv [229]
[230]
Donetsk
 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Dubai Abu Dhabi [231]
[232]
 United Kingdom London Birmingham
[233]
[234]
[235][236]
[237]
city proper and metropolitan area
 United States of America Washington, D.C. New York City Los Angeles [238]
 Uruguay Montevideo Ciudad de la Costa
[239]
Maldonado
 Uzbekistan Tashkent Namangan [240]
 Vanuatu Port Vila Luganville [241]
  Vatican City Vatican City [242]
 Venezuela Caracas Maracaibo [243]
 Vietnam Hanoi Ho Chi Minh City Hanoi [244]
 Virgin Islands, British (UK) Road Town Spanish Town
 Virgin Islands, United States (US) Charlotte Amalie Anna's Retreat
 Wallis and Futuna (France) Mata-Utu Alele [245]
 Western Sahara (Morocco) El Aaiún Dakhla [246]
 Yemen Sana'a Aden [247]
 Zambia Lusaka Kitwe [248]
 Zimbabwe Harare Bulawayo [249]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Unofficial. Based on previous definitions.
  2. ^ De facto capital. De jure capital is Plymouth.
  3. ^ a b Part of Saipan island, which is the capital of Northern Mariana Islands
  4. ^ The three largest cities in terms of population consisting of Quezon City, Manila and Caloocan are all in Metro Manila, the largest metropolitan area, to which borders each other. The largest city in terms of land area outside Metro Manila is Davao City.
  5. ^ a b c One of three capital cities of South Africa
  6. ^ Vaiaku is a part of Funafuti atoll, which is the capital of Tuvalu.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sokhumi. Archived from the original on 2007-12-30. Retrieved 2008-08-17. 
  2. ^ World Gazetteer: Albania - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ World Gazetteer: Algeria - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ World Gazetteer: American Samoa - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ World Gazetteer: Andorra - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ World Gazetteer: Angola - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ World Gazetteer: Anguilla - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ World Gazetteer: Antigua and Barbuda - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ World Gazetteer: Argentina - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ World Gazetteer: Armenia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ World Gazetteer: Aruba - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ World Gazetteer: Australia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ World Gazetteer: Austria - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ World Gazetteer: Azerbaijan - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ World Gazetteer: Bahamas - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ World Gazetteer: Bahrain - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ World Gazetteer: Bangladesh - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ World Gazetteer: Barbados - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ World Gazetteer: Belarus - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ World Gazetteer: Belgium - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ World Gazetteer: Belize - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  22. ^ World Gazetteer: Benin - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ World Gazetteer: Bermuda - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  24. ^ World Gazetteer: Bhutan - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  25. ^ World Gazetteer: Bolivia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  26. ^ World Gazetteer: Bosnia and Herzegovina - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  27. ^ World Gazetteer: Botswana - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  28. ^ World Gazetteer: Brazil - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  29. ^ World Gazetteer: Brunei - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  30. ^ World Gazetteer: Bulgaria - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  31. ^ World Gazetteer: Burkina Faso - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  32. ^ World Gazetteer: Burundi - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  33. ^ World Gazetteer: Cambodia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  34. ^ World Gazetteer: Cameroon - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  35. ^ World Gazetteer: Canada - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  36. ^ World Gazetteer: Cape Verde - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  37. ^ World Gazetteer: Cayman Islands - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  38. ^ World Gazetteer: Central African Republic - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  39. ^ World Gazetteer: Chad - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  40. ^ World Gazetteer: Chile - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  41. ^ World Gazetteer: Chile - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  42. ^ World Gazetteer: China - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  43. ^ "民國99年12月戶口統計速報表(Chinese)". Republic of China (Taiwan) Ministry of Interior. Retrieved 2011-01-10. [dead link]
  44. ^ "Population for Township and District". Republic of China (Taiwan) Ministry of Interior. Archived from the original on 2013-12-09. Retrieved 2011-01-04. 
  45. ^ World Gazetteer: Colombia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  46. ^ World Gazetteer: Comoros - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  47. ^ World Gazetteer: Congo (Dem. Rep.) - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  48. ^ World Gazetteer: Congo - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  49. ^ World Gazetteer: Cook Islands - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  50. ^ World Gazetteer: Costa Rica - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  51. ^ World Gazetteer: Ivory Coast - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  52. ^ World Gazetteer: Croatia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  53. ^ World Gazetteer: Cuba - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  54. ^ World Gazetteer: Curaçao - largest cities (per geographical entity)
  55. ^ World Gazetteer: Cyprus - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  56. ^ World Gazetteer: Czech Republic - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  57. ^ World Gazetteer: Czech Republic - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  58. ^ World Gazetteer: Denmark - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  59. ^ World Gazetteer: Djibouti - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  60. ^ World Gazetteer: Dominica - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  61. ^ World Gazetteer: Dominican Republic - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  62. ^ World Gazetteer: East Timor - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  63. ^ World Gazetteer: Ecuador - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  64. ^ World Gazetteer: Egypt - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  65. ^ World Gazetteer: El Salvador - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  66. ^ World Gazetteer: Equatorial Guinea - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  67. ^ World Gazetteer: Eritrea - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  68. ^ World Gazetteer: Estonia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  69. ^ World Gazetteer: Ethiopia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  70. ^ World Gazetteer: Falkland Islands - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  71. ^ World Gazetteer: Faroe Islands - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  72. ^ World Gazetteer: Fiji Islands - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  73. ^ World Gazetteer: Finland - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  74. ^ World Gazetteer: Finland - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  75. ^ World Gazetteer: France - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  76. ^ World Gazetteer: France - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  77. ^ World Gazetteer: French Guiana - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  78. ^ World Gazetteer: French Polynesia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  79. ^ World Gazetteer: Gabon - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  80. ^ World Gazetteer: Gambia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  81. ^ World Gazetteer: Georgia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  82. ^ World Gazetteer: Germany - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  83. ^ "Metropolregionen in Deutschland" (PDF). Frankfurt Office of Statistics. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  84. ^ World Gazetteer: Ghana - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  85. ^ World Gazetteer: Gibraltar - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  86. ^ World Gazetteer: Greece - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  87. ^ World Gazetteer: Greenland - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  88. ^ World Gazetteer: Grenada - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  89. ^ World Gazetteer: Guam - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  90. ^ World Gazetteer: Guatemala - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  91. ^ World Gazetteer: Guernsey and Alderney - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  92. ^ World Gazetteer: Guinea - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  93. ^ World Gazetteer: Guinea-Bissau - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  94. ^ World Gazetteer: Guyana - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  95. ^ World Gazetteer: Haiti - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  96. ^ a b World Gazetteer: Honduras - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  97. ^ World Gazetteer: Hungary - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  98. ^ World Gazetteer: Iceland - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  99. ^ World Gazetteer: India - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  100. ^ World Gazetteer: Indonesia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  101. ^ World Gazetteer: Indonesia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  102. ^ World Gazetteer: Iran - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  103. ^ World Gazetteer: Iran - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  104. ^ World Gazetteer: Iraq - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  105. ^ World Gazetteer: Ireland - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  106. ^ World Gazetteer: Isle of Man - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  107. ^ World Gazetteer: Israel - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  108. ^ World Gazetteer: Israel - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  109. ^ World Gazetteer: Italy - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  110. ^ World Gazetteer: Italy - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  111. ^ World Gazetteer: Jamaica - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  112. ^ World Gazetteer: Japan - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  113. ^ World Gazetteer: Japan - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  114. ^ World Gazetteer: Jersey - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  115. ^ World Gazetteer: Jordan - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  116. ^ World Gazetteer: Kazakhstan - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  117. ^ World Gazetteer: Kenya - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  118. ^ World Gazetteer: Kiribati - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  119. ^ World Gazetteer: Korea (North) - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  120. ^ World Gazetteer: Korea (South) - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  121. ^ World Gazetteer: Kosovo - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  122. ^ World Gazetteer: Kuwait - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  123. ^ World Gazetteer: Kyrgyzstan - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  124. ^ World Gazetteer: Laos - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  125. ^ World Gazetteer: Latvia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived March 31, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  126. ^ World Gazetteer: Lebanon - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  127. ^ World Gazetteer: Lesotho - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  128. ^ World Gazetteer: Liberia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  129. ^ World Gazetteer: Libya - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  130. ^ World Gazetteer: Liechtenstein - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  131. ^ World Gazetteer: Lithuania - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  132. ^ World Gazetteer: Luxembourg - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  133. ^ World Gazetteer: Macedonia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  134. ^ World Gazetteer: Madagascar - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  135. ^ World Gazetteer: Malawi - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  136. ^ World Gazetteer: Maldives - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  137. ^ World Gazetteer: Mali - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  138. ^ World Gazetteer: Malta - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  139. ^ World Gazetteer: Malta - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  140. ^ World Gazetteer: Marshall Islands - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  141. ^ World Gazetteer: Mauritania - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  142. ^ World Gazetteer: Mauritius - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  143. ^ World Gazetteer: Mexico - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  144. ^ World Gazetteer: Micronesia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  145. ^ World Gazetteer: Moldova - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  146. ^ World Gazetteer: Monaco - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  147. ^ World Gazetteer: Mongolia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  148. ^ [1]
  149. ^ World Gazetteer: Montserrat - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  150. ^ World Gazetteer: Morocco - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  151. ^ World Gazetteer: Mozambique - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  152. ^ World Gazetteer: Myanmar - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  153. ^ World Gazetteer: Namibia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  154. ^ World Gazetteer: Nepal - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  155. ^ World Gazetteer: Netherlands - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  156. ^ http://www.demographia.com/db-worldua.pdf
  157. ^ World Gazetteer: New Caledonia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  158. ^ World Gazetteer: New Zealand - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  159. ^ World Gazetteer: Nicaragua - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  160. ^ World Gazetteer: Niger - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  161. ^ World Gazetteer: Nigeria - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  162. ^ World Gazetteer: Niue - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  163. ^ World Gazetteer: Northern Mariana Islands - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  164. ^ World Gazetteer: Norway - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  165. ^ World Gazetteer: Oman - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  166. ^ World Gazetteer: Pakistan - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  167. ^ World Gazetteer: Palau - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  168. ^ World Gazetteer: Palestine - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  169. ^ World Gazetteer: Palestine - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  170. ^ World Gazetteer: Panama - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  171. ^ World Gazetteer: Papua New Guinea - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  172. ^ World Gazetteer: Paraguay - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  173. ^ World Gazetteer: Peru - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  174. ^ World Gazetteer: Philippines - largest cities (per geographical entity)
  175. ^ World Gazetteer: Poland - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  176. ^ World Gazetteer: Poland - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  177. ^ World Gazetteer: Portugal - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  178. ^ World Gazetteer: Puerto Rico - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  179. ^ World Gazetteer: Puerto Rico - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  180. ^ World Gazetteer: Qatar - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  181. ^ World Gazetteer: Romania - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  182. ^ World Gazetteer: Russia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  183. ^ World Gazetteer: Rwanda - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  184. ^ World Gazetteer: Saint Helena - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  185. ^ World Gazetteer: Saint Kitts and Nevis - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  186. ^ World Gazetteer: Saint Lucia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  187. ^ World Gazetteer: Saint Pierre and Miquelon - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  188. ^ World Gazetteer: Saint Vincent and The Grenadines - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  189. ^ World Gazetteer: Samoa - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  190. ^ World Gazetteer: San Marino - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  191. ^ World Gazetteer: São Tomé and Príncipe - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  192. ^ World Gazetteer: Saudi Arabia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  193. ^ World Gazetteer: Senegal - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  194. ^ World Gazetteer: Serbia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  195. ^ World Gazetteer: Sierra Leone - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  196. ^ World Gazetteer: Singapore - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  197. ^ World Gazetteer: Sint Maarten - largest cities (per geographical entity)
  198. ^ World Gazetteer: Slovakia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  199. ^ World Gazetteer: Slovenia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  200. ^ http://world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&men=gcis&lng=en&des=gamelan&geo=-186&srt=1p3n&col=abcdefghinoq&msz=1500&pt=c&va=&srt=p13n Archived March 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  201. ^ World Gazetteer: South Africa - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  202. ^ World Gazetteer: South Africa - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  203. ^ World Gazetteer: Spain - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  204. ^ World Gazetteer: Sri Lanka - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  205. ^ World Gazetteer: Sri Lanka - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  206. ^ World Gazetteer: Sudan - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  207. ^ World Gazetteer: Sudan - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  208. ^ World Gazetteer: Suriname - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  209. ^ World Gazetteer: Svalbard and Jan Mayen - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  210. ^ World Gazetteer: Swaziland - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  211. ^ World Gazetteer: Sweden - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  212. ^ World Gazetteer: Switzerland - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  213. ^ World Gazetteer: Syria - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  214. ^ World Gazetteer: Syria - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  215. ^ World Gazetteer: Tajikistan - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  216. ^ World Gazetteer: Tanzania - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  217. ^ World Gazetteer: Thailand - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  218. ^ World Gazetteer: Thailand - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  219. ^ World Gazetteer: Togo - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  220. ^ World Gazetteer: Tokelau - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  221. ^ World Gazetteer: Tonga - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  222. ^ World Gazetteer: Trinidad and Tobago - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  223. ^ World Gazetteer: Tunisia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  224. ^ World Gazetteer: Turkey - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  225. ^ World Gazetteer: Turkmenistan - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  226. ^ World Gazetteer: Turks and Caicos Islands - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  227. ^ World Gazetteer: Tuvalu - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  228. ^ World Gazetteer: Uganda - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  229. ^ World Gazetteer: Ukraine - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  230. ^ World Gazetteer: Ukraine - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  231. ^ World Gazetteer: United Arab Emirates - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  232. ^ World Gazetteer: United Arab Emirates - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  233. ^ World Gazetteer: United Kingdom - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  234. ^ City Population: United Kingdom : Countries and Major Urban Areas
  235. ^ "2011 Census: Population and household estimates fact file, unrounded estimates, local authorities in England and Wales (Excel sheet 708Kb)" (xls). Office for National Statistics. 24 September 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  236. ^ "2011 Census - Built-up areas". ONS. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  237. ^ Istrate, Emilia; Nadeau, Carey Anne (November 2012). "Global MetroMonitor". Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  238. ^ World Gazetteer: United States of America - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  239. ^ World Gazetteer: Uruguay - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  240. ^ World Gazetteer: Uzbekistan - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  241. ^ World Gazetteer: Vanuatu - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  242. ^ World Gazetteer: Vatican City - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  243. ^ World Gazetteer: Venezuela - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  244. ^ World Gazetteer: Vietnam - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  245. ^ World Gazetteer: Wallis and Futuna - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  246. ^ World Gazetteer: Western Sahara - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  247. ^ World Gazetteer: Yemen - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  248. ^ World Gazetteer: Zambia - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  249. ^ World Gazetteer: Zimbabwe - largest cities (per geographical entity) Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.