List of cities in the European Union by population within city limits

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Below is a list of the largest cities in the European Union according to the population within their city limits.[Note 1] The cities listed all have populations over 300,000. The list deals exclusively with the areas within city administrative boundaries as opposed to urban areas or larger urban zones (metropolitan areas), which are generally larger in terms of population than the main city.

As some cities have very narrow city limits and others very wide, the list may not give an accurate view of the comparative magnitude of different places, and the figures in the list should be treated with caution. Paris is the most populous urban area in the European Union, but the strict definition of the administrative limits of the City of Paris results in a far lower population shown in the table.

Cities by population within city limits[edit]

Cities in bold are capital cities of their respective countries; Brussels (italics) is the capital of both Belgium and de facto the European Union.

City Country Official
population
Date of census Reference Photography
London[Note 2]  United Kingdom 9,126,366 31 January 2019 [1] Super moon over City of London from Tate Modern 2018-01-31 4.jpg
Berlin  Germany 3,748,148 31 December 2018 [2] Berlin Skyline Fernsehturm 02.jpg
Madrid  Spain 3,223,334 31 January 2018 [3] Calle de Alcalá (Madrid) 16.jpg
Rome  Italy 2,857,046 31 October 2018 [4] Roma dall'aereo.JPG
Paris  France 2,140,526 1 January 2019 [5][6] Paris vue d'ensemble tour Eiffel.jpg
Bucharest  Romania 2,106,144 31 December 2016 [7] Bucharest (8273345834).jpg
Vienna  Austria 1,888,776 1 October 2018 [8] Parlament Vienna Austria.jpg
Hamburg  Germany 1,834,823 1 July 2018 [9] Hamburg Rathaus.jpg
Warsaw  Poland 1,764,615 1 January 2018 [10] Panorama of Warsaw by night (cropped).jpg
Budapest  Hungary 1,749,734 1 January 2018 [11] Széchenyi Chain Bridge in Budapest at night.jpg
Barcelona  Spain 1,620,343 31 January 2018 [3] Barcelona from Sagrada Familia (2).JPG
Sofia  Bulgaria 1,478,330 15 January 2019 [12] Party House by night, Sofia (by Pudelek, cropped by ArionEstar).JPG
Munich  Germany 1,456,039 31 December 2017 [13] Stadtbild München.jpg
Milan  Italy 1,372,810 30 July 2018 [4] Milano skyline.jpg
Prague  Czech Republic 1,301,132 1 January 2018 [14] Night view of the Castle and Charles Bridge, Prague - 8034.jpg
Brussels[Note 3][dubious ]  Belgium 1,198,726 1 January 2018 [15] Brussels floral carpet B.jpg
Birmingham  United Kingdom 1,137,100 30 June 2017 [1] Birmingham-Skyline-from-Edgbaston-crop.jpg
Cologne  Germany 1,080,394 31 December 2017 [16][17] Nightview of Cologne Cathedrale across the River Rhine.jpg
Naples  Italy 970,185 31 December 2016 [4] Napoli6.png
Stockholm  Sweden 962,154 31 December 2018 [18] Stadshus-Panorama 2.jpg
Turin  Italy 882,523 1 January 2018 [4] Turin monte cappuccini.jpg
Marseille  France 862,211 1 January 2016 [5][19] Marseille-la-nuit-by-F.Laffont-feraud.jpg
Amsterdam  Netherlands 864,217 31 January 2019 [20] Amsterdam (5086325695).jpg
Zagreb  Croatia 803,647 31 December 2016 [21] Zagreb (29255640143).jpg
Valencia  Spain 791,413 31 January 2018 [3] Plaza del Ayuntamiento - 5. January 2006 - 1.jpg
Leeds  United Kingdom 784,800 30 June 2017 [1] Leeds CBD at night.jpg
Copenhagen  Denmark 777,218 30 July 2018 [22] Copenhagen Christiansborg IMG 5590.jpg
Kraków  Poland 769,498 30 June 2018 [10] Sukiennice and Main Market Square Krakow Poland.JPG
Frankfurt  Germany 746,878 31 December 2017 [23] Frankfurt Am Main-Stadtansicht von der Deutschherrnbruecke zu Beginn der Abenddaemmerung.jpg
Riga  Latvia 700,518 1 July 2017 [24] Riga - Latvia.jpg
Seville  Spain 689,434 1 January 2017 [3] 19060879124 a5eac59dea o feria abril sevilla 2013.jpg
Łódź  Poland 687,702 30 June 2018 [10] Łódź-Wiodok z Rudzkiej Góry - panorama.jpg
Zaragoza  Spain 666,880 31 January 2018 [3] 0849 pilar ebro 2004.png
Palermo  Italy 664,182 31 October 2018 [4] Palermo-Politeama-bjs-1 edit.jpg
Athens  Greece 664,046 31 January 2012 [25] Atenes i el mont Licabet des de l'Acròpoli.JPG
Helsinki  Finland 648,650 31 August 2018 [26] Southern Helsinki panorama 2011-06-28 1.jpg
Rotterdam  Netherlands 645,965 31 January 2019 [20] 206 Rotterdam bridge.jpg
Wrocław  Poland 639,258 30 June 2018 [10] Wrocław - Rynek 2015-12-25 12-44-18.JPG
Stuttgart  Germany 628,032 31 December 2016 [27] Stuttgart - panoramio (40).jpg
Glasgow  United Kingdom 615,070 30 June 2017 [1] Glasgow-Green-Geograph-2354475-by-Jim-Smillie.jpg
Düsseldorf  Germany 613,230 31 December 2016 [16][28] Düsseldorf, Marina Düsseldorf.JPG
Dortmund  Germany 585,813 31 December 2016 [16][29] Dortmund Panorama.jpg
Genoa  Italy 583,601 31 December 2016 [4] Torre della Lanterna vista dal moderno Centro Direzionale di Genova S. Benigno ed elicoidale.jpg
Essen  Germany 583,084 31 December 2016 [16][28] Essen-Panorama.jpg
Leipzig  Germany 581,980 31 December 2017 [30] Leipzig Fockeberg Zentrum.jpg
Sheffield  United Kingdom 577,800 30 June 2017 [1] Sheffield skyline.png
Gothenburg  Sweden 571,868 31 December 2018 [18] Gothenburgbynight.jpg
Málaga  Spain 571,026 13 January 2018 [3] Da Gibralfaro.jpg
Bremen  Germany 568,006 31 December 2017 [31] Bremen aerial view 9.JPG
Dublin  Ireland 554,554 24 April 2016 [32] THE SAMUEL BECKETT BRIDGE 11 JANUARY 2018 (STILL TRYING FOR A UNIQUE IMAGE OF THIS BRIDGE)-135491 (39626174772).jpg
Dresden  Germany 551,072 31 December 2017 [30] Dresden Altstadt (5549941423).jpg
Manchester  United Kingdom 545,500 30 June 2017 [1] Manchester Skyline.jpg
The Hague  Netherlands 538,057 31 January 2019 [20] Cityscape of The Hague, viewed from Het Plein (The Square).jpg
Poznań  Poland 537,643 30 June 2018 [10] Poznan centrum.jpg
Vilnius  Lithuania 536,631 31 January 2018 [33] Vilnius city.jpg
Hanover  Germany 535,061 31 December 2017 [34] Luftbild Hannover Rathaus.JPG
Bradford  United Kingdom 529,879 30 June 2017 [1] Bradford Cityscape.JPG
Antwerp  Belgium 520,504 1 January 2017 [35] Grote Markt and Cathedral of Our Lady - Antwerp, Belgium - panoramio.jpg
Nuremberg  Germany 515,201 31 December 2017 [13] Nürnberg panorama.jpg
Lyon  France 513,275 31 January 2016 [5][36] Lyon vue depuis fourviere.jpg
Lisbon  Portugal 505,526 31 December 2017 [37] 2012-11-17 at 08-08-47 (8235529079).jpg
Duisburg  Germany 498,110 31 December 2017 [16][28] Duisburg Innenhafen Ludwigturm.jpg
Liverpool  United Kingdom 491,500 30 June 2017 [1] Liverpool Waterfront - geograph.org.uk - panorama.jpg
Edinburgh  United Kingdom 488,100 30 June 2016 [1] Edinburgh Night Panorama from Calton Hill.jpg
Toulouse  France 479,638 1 January 2015 [5][38] Toulouse by night with Basilique Saint-Sernin.jpg
Gdańsk  Poland 463,754 1 January 2017 [10] Calle Dlugie Pobrzeze, Gdansk, Polonia, 2013-05-20, DD 07.jpg
Bristol  United Kingdom 454,213 30 June 2017 [1] River.avon.from.balloon.bristol.arp.jpg
Murcia  Spain 447,182 31 January 2018 [3] Murcia2 tango7174.jpg
Tallinn  Estonia 430,805 1 January 2018 [39] Tallinn sea.png
Bratislava Slovakia Slovak Republic 429,564 31 December 2017 [40] Bratislava Panorama R01.jpg
Palma de Mallorca  Spain 409,661 1 January 2018 [3] Bellver Castle 2008 Palma Mallorca 130.JPG
Szczecin  Poland 403,274 30 June 2018 [10] WOPR, Barka i Zamek Książąt Pomorskich.jpg
Bologna  Italy 390,294 31 August 2018 [4] Skyline of Bologna against the sunset.jpg
Florence  Italy 381,030 30 September 2018 [4] Sunset in Florence from the Piazza Michelangelo.jpg
Brno  Czech Republic 379,527 1 January 2018 [14] 01 airshots.cz-wallpaper16x10-noTm.jpg
Las Palmas  Spain 378,517 1 January 2018 [3] Las Palmas panorama.jpg
Iași  Romania 371,889 30 June 2018 [41] Iasi, Public Garden Palas 4.jpg
Plovdiv  Bulgaria 368,983 15 March 2015 [42] Ancient theatre plovdiv-3.jpg
Bochum  Germany 365,529 31 December 2017 [16][29] Bergbaumuseum Bochum Pano.jpg
Cardiff  United Kingdom 362,800 30 June 2017 [1] Mermaid Quay and Pierhead Building, Cardiff Bay - geograph.org.uk - 752977.jpg
Coventry  United Kingdom 360,100 30 June 2017 [1] Skyline of Coventry as seen from Baginton 3g06.JPG
Wuppertal  Germany 353,590 31 December 2017 [16][28] Wuppertal ansicht.jpg
Utrecht  Netherlands 352,936 31 January 2019 [20] Panorama Utrecht.jpg
Bydgoszcz  Poland 352,313 1 December 2017 [10] W ciśn Bdg panorama 4 soft lewo.jpg
Bilbao  Spain 345,821 1 January 2018 [3] Panoramica bilbao.jpg
Nice  France 342,637 1 January 2016 [5][43] Aerial view downtown Nice.jpg
Lublin  Poland 340,466 31 December 2016 [10] Lublin18395.jpg
Wakefield  United Kingdom 340,800 30 June 2017 [1] Wakefield-1.jpg
Belfast  United Kingdom 340,200 30 June 2017 [1] Belfast City Hall 2.jpg
Malmö  Sweden 339,313 31 December 2018 [18] Central Malmö.JPG
Varna  Bulgaria 335,748 31 December 2017 [42] Varna Cathedral - 2.jpg
Bielefeld  Germany 332,552 31 December 2017 [16][44] Bielefeld City.jpg
Leicester  United Kingdom 331,606 31 January 2012 [1] Central Leicester Skyline.jpg
Alicante  Spain 331,577 1 January 2018 [3] Puerto de Alicante desde el Castillo de Santa Bárbara.JPG
Córdoba  Spain 325,916 1 January 2017 [3] Córdoba vista aérea.jpg
Bonn  Germany 325,490 31 December 2017 [16][17] Bonn View from Heinemannstraße 2.jpg
Thessaloniki  Greece 325,182 30 June 2011 [25] Panorama solun.JPG
Wigan  United Kingdom 323,060 30 June 2017 [1] Wigan skyline 2008.jpg
Cluj-Napoca  Romania 321,687 1 January 2016 [41] Biserica Mihail.JPG
Nottingham  United Kingdom 321,500 30 June 2015 [1] Lace Market from London Road - geograph.org.uk - 318425.jpg
Bari  Italy 321,222 31 October 2018 [4] Bari AltstadtPanorama.jpg
Timișoara  Romania 319,279 31 January 2011 [41] Timisoara - Catholic Dome in Union Square.jpg
Constanța  Romania 317,832 1 January 2016 [41] National History Museum in Constanţa (27654665352).jpg
Münster  Germany 313,559 31 December 2017 [16][45] Münster (9277320495) (3).jpg
Catania  Italy 312,505 30 May 2018 [4] Catania-Etna-Sicilia-Italy-Castielli CC0 HQ1.JPG
Karlsruhe  Germany 311,919 31 December 2017 [27] Durlach Panorama.jpg
Mannheim  Germany 307,997 31 December 2017 [27] Mannheim NUB city2.jpg
Craiova  Romania 305,689 1 January 2016 [41] Palatul Constantin Mihail, (azi Muzeul de Artă) vedere centrală.JPG
Galați  Romania 304,340 1 January 2016 [41] Administrative Palace of Galati.jpg

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Currently there are two significant exceptions: London lists the population of Greater London; Brussels lists the population of Brussels Capital Region
  2. ^ Refers to Greater London which is composed of the Greater London Authority, 32 borough councils and the City of London.
  3. ^ Refers to Brussels Capital Region.

References[edit]

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