List of largest craters in the Solar System

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Following are the largest impact craters on various worlds of the Solar System. For a full list, see List of craters in the Solar System.

Body Crater Crater diameter Body diameter Ratio Images Notes
Mercury Caloris 1,550 km (963 mi) 4,880 km 32% Caloris Basin comparison.jpg
Rembrandt 715 km (444 mi) 15% Rembrandt crater mosaic.jpg
Venus Mead 280 km (170 mi) 12,100 km 2% Mead crater.gif
Earth Vredefort 250–300 km (160–190 mi) 12,740 km 2% Vredefort Dome STS51I-33-56AA.jpg
Sudbury Basin 250 km (160 mi) 2% Sudbury Wanapitei WorldWind.jpg
Chicxulub crater 182 km (113 mi) 1.4% Yucatan chix crater.jpg Cause of the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event
Moon
(moon of Earth)
Procellarum 3,000 km (2,000 mi) 3,470 km 86% PIA18822-LunarGrailMission-OceanusProcellarum-Rifts-Overall-20141001.jpg Not confirmed as an impact basin.
South Pole–Aitken basin 2,500 km (1,600 mi) 70% Aitken Kagu big.jpg
Imbrium 1,145 km (711 mi) 33% Imbrium location.jpg
Mars North Polar Basin 10,600 × 8,500 km (6,550 × 5,250 mi) 6,780 km 125–155% MarsTopoMap-PIA02031 modest.jpg Not confirmed as an impact basin
Utopia 3,300 km (2,100 mi) 50% Mars northern hemisphere topo.jpg Largest confirmed impact basin on Mars and in the Solar System
Hellas 2,300 km (1,400 mi) 34% Hellas Planitia by the Viking orbiters.jpg Largest visible crater in the Solar System
Vesta Rheasilvia 505 km (310 mi) 529 km (569 km)[1] 90%[1] A False-Color Topography of Vesta's South Pole.jpg
Veneneia 395 km (250 mi) 70%[1] Rheasilvia and Veneneia.jpg Partially obscured by Rheasilvia
Ceres Kerwan 284 km (180 mi)[2] 952 km 30% PIA19596-Ceres-DwarfPlanet-Dawn-2ndMappingOrbit-image28-20150625.jpg Faint shallow crater, below the center of this image.
Yalode 271 km (170 mi)[2] 28% Urvara and Yalode craters.jpg
Ganymede
(moon of Jupiter)
Epigeus 343 km (213 mi) 5,270 km 6.5% Crater Epigeus on Ganimede.jpg
Callisto
(moon of Jupiter)
Valhalla 360 km (224 mi) 4,820 km 7.5% Valhalla crater on Callisto.jpg
Heimdall 210 km (130 mi) 4% (no good images have been taken)
Mimas
(moon of Saturn)
Herschel 139 km (86 mi) 396 km 35% Mimas moon.jpg
Tethys
(moon of Saturn)
Odysseus 445 km (277 mi) 1,060 km 42% Tethys N00151608 sharp.jpg
Dione
(moon of Saturn)
Evander 350 km (220 mi)[3] 1,123 km 34% Evander crater, Dione.jpg
Rhea
(moon of Saturn)
Mamaldi 480 km (300 mi)[4] 1,530 km 31% PIA07763 Rhea full globe5.jpg
Tirawa 360 km (220 mi) 24% PIA09819 Tirawa basin.jpg
Titan
(moon of Saturn)
Menrva 392 km (244 mi) 5,150 km 7.5% Titancrater.jpg
Iapetus
(moon of Saturn)
Turgis 580 km (360 mi) 1,470 km 40% A Moon with Two Dark Sides.jpg
Engelier 504 km (313 mi) 34% Iapetus as seen by the Cassini probe - 20071008.jpg
Gerin 445 km (277 mi) 30% Iapetus Roncevaux.jpg Gerin is overlain by Engelier
Falsaron 424 km (263 mi) 29% Iapetusnorth.jpg
Titania
(moon of Uranus)
Gertrude 326 km (203 mi) 1,580 km 21% PIA00039 Titania.jpg Little of Titania has been imaged, so it may well have larger craters.
Pluto Sputnik basin ca. 1,300 × 900 km 2,370 km 34–44% Sputnik basin topographic.png
unnamed crater 450 km (280 mi) 19% Pluto-01 Stern 03 Pluto Color TXT.jpg Upper right of image, difficult to see
Charon
(moon of Pluto)
Mordor ca. 475 km (295 mi) 1,207 km 40% Charon by New Horizons on 13 July 2015.png Dark region at north pole. Not confirmed as an impact basin.
unnamed crater ca. 150 km (93 mi) 12% Charon-Neutral-Bright-Release.jpg Crater at upper right overlapping Mordor Macula

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Rheasilvia and Veneneia are 95% and 75% of the mean diameter of Vesta, 529 km. However, the mean is affected by the craters themselves. They are 89% and 69% the mean equatorial diameter of 569 km.
  2. ^ a b [1]
  3. ^ USGS
  4. ^ USGS

See also[edit]