List of largest craters in the Solar System

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Following are the largest craters on various worlds of the Solar System.

Body Crater Diameter Diameter of
parent body
Ratio Notes
Mercury Caloris Basin 01.551,550 km (963 mi) 4,880 km 32% Caloris Basin comparison.jpg
Rembrandt 00.715715 km (444 mi) 15% Rembrandt crater mosaic.jpg
Venus Mead 00.28280 km (170 mi) 12,100 km 2% Mead crater.gif
Earth Vredefort 00.275250–300 km (160–190 mi) 12,740 km 2% Vredefort Dome STS51I-33-56AA.jpg
Sudbury Basin 00.250250 km (160 mi) 2% Sudbury Wanapitei WorldWind.jpg
Chicxulub crater 00.182182 km (113 mi) 1.4% Yucatan chix crater.jpg Cause of the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event
Moon
(moon of Earth)
Oceanus Procellarum 02.53,000 km (2,000 mi) 3,470 km 86% PIA18822-LunarGrailMission-OceanusProcellarum-Rifts-Overall-20141001.jpg Not confirmed as an impact basin.
South Pole–Aitken basin 02.52,500 km (1,600 mi) 70% Aitken Kagu big.jpg
Mare Imbrium 01.1451,145 km (711 mi) 33% Imbrium location.jpg
Mars North Polar Basin 09.5510,600 × 8,500 km (6,550 × 5,250 mi) 6,780 km 125–155% MarsTopoMap-PIA02031 modest.jpg Not confirmed as an impact basin
Utopia Planitia 03.33,300 km (2,100 mi) 50% Mars northern hemisphere topo.jpg Largest confirmed impact basin on Mars and in the Solar System
Hellas Planitia 02.32,300 km (1,400 mi) 34% Hellas Planitia by the Viking orbiters.jpg Largest visible crater in the Solar System
Vesta Rheasilvia 00.505505 km (310 mi) 529 km (569 km)[1] 90%[1] A False-Color Topography of Vesta's South Pole.jpg See also List of tallest mountains in the Solar System
Veneneia 00.40395 km (250 mi) 70%[1] Rheasilvia and Veneneia.jpg Partially obscured by Rheasilvia
Ceres Kerwan 00.28284 km (180 mi)[2] 952 km 30% Kerwan crater.jpg Faint shallow crater, below the center of this image.
Yalode 00.27271 km (170 mi)[2] 28% Urvara and Yalode craters.jpg
Ganymede
(moon of Jupiter)
Epigeus 00.343343 km (213 mi) 5,270 km 6.5% Crater Epigeus on Ganimede.jpg
Callisto
(moon of Jupiter)
Valhalla 00.36360 km (224 mi) 4,820 km 7.5% Valhalla crater on Callisto.jpg
Heimdall 00.21210 km (130 mi) 4% (no good images have been taken)
Mimas
(moon of Saturn)
Herschel 00.139139 km (86 mi) 396 km 35% Mimas moon.jpg See also List of tallest mountains in the Solar System
Tethys
(moon of Saturn)
Odysseus 00.445445 km (277 mi) 1,060 km 42% Tethys N00151608 sharp.jpg
Dione
(moon of Saturn)
Evander 00.350350 km (220 mi)[3] 1,023 km 34% Evander crater, Dione.jpg
Rhea
(moon of Saturn)
Mamaldi 00.480480 km (300 mi)[4] 1,530 km 31% PIA07763 Rhea full globe5.jpg
Tirawa 00.36360 km (220 mi) 24% PIA09819 Tirawa basin.jpg
Titan
(moon of Saturn)
Menrva 00.392392 km (244 mi) 5,150 km 7.5% Titancrater.jpg
Iapetus
(moon of Saturn)
Turgis 00.58580 km (360 mi) 1,470 km 40% A Moon with Two Dark Sides.jpg
Engelier 00.504504 km (313 mi) 34% Iapetus as seen by the Cassini probe - 20071008.jpg
Gerin 00.445445 km (277 mi) 30% Iapetus Roncevaux.jpg Gerin is overlain by Engelier
Falsaron 00.424424 km (263 mi) 29% Iapetusnorth.jpg
Titania
(moon of Uranus)
Gertrude 00.326326 km (203 mi) 1,580 km 21% PIA00039 Titania.jpg Little of Titania has been imaged, so it may well have larger craters.
Pluto Unnamed crater 00.200200 km (124 mi) 2,370 km 8% Pluto by LORRI and Ralph, 13 July 2015.jpg Upper left of the image; it is likely there are larger craters on Pluto that haven't been imaged in detail yet.
Charon
(moon of Pluto)
Mordor 00.475ca. 475 km (295 mi) 1,207 km 40% Charon by New Horizons on 13 July 2015.png Dark region at north pole. Not confirmed as an impact basin.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Rheasilvia and Veneneia are 95% and 75% of the mean diameter of Vesta, 529 km. However, the mean is affected by the craters themselves. They are 89% and 69% the mean equatorial diameter of 569 km.
  2. ^ a b [1]
  3. ^ USGS
  4. ^ USGS

See also[edit]