List of largest cruise ships

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Symphony of the Seas, the current largest cruise ship

Cruise ships are large passenger ships used mainly for vacationing. Unlike ocean liners, which are used for transport, they typically embark on round-trip voyages to various ports-of-call, where passengers may go on tours known as "shore excursions".[1] They can carry thousands of passengers in a single trip, and are some of the largest ships in the world by gross tonnage (GT), bigger than many cargo ships. Cruise ships started to exceed ocean liners in size and capacity in the mid-1990s;[2] before then, few were more than 50,000 GT.[3] In the decades since, the size of the largest vessels has more than doubled.[4] There have been nine or more new cruise ships added every year since 2001, most of which are 100,000 GT or greater.[5] In the two decades between 1988 and 2009, the largest cruise ships grew a third longer (268 m to 360 m), almost doubled their widths (32.2 m to 60.5 m), doubled the total passengers (2,744 to 5,400), and tripled in volume (73,000 GT to 225,000 GT). As of June 2020, the largest cruise ship, Symphony of the Seas, has a gross tonnage of 228,081, is 361 metres (1,184 ft) long, 65.7 metres (216 ft) wide, and holds up to 6,680 passengers.[6][7]

Cruise ships are organized much like floating hotels, with a complete hospitality staff in addition to the usual ship's crew.[8] Modern cruise ships, while sacrificing some qualities of seaworthiness, have added amenities to cater to nautical tourists, with recent vessels being described as "balcony-laden floating condominiums".[9] The "megaships" went from a single deck with verandas to all decks with verandas,[10] and feature ameneties such as theaters, fine-dining and chain restaurants, spas, fitness centers, casinos, sports facilities, and even amusement park attractions.[1][11]

Cruise ships require electricity for powering both hotel services and for propulsion.[12] While early motor ships used a propeller directly driven by an engine, modern ships drive the propellers with electric motors. Since the heavy engines no longer need to be located near the propellers, this allows ships to grow longer without becoming aft-heavy.[13] Cruise ships are designed with all the heavy machinery at the bottom of the ship and lightweight materials at the top, making them inherently stable even as ship designs are getting taller and taller,[14] and most passenger ships utilize stabilizer fins to further reduce rolling of tall ships in heavy weather.[15] While some cruise ships use traditional fixed propellers and rudders to steer, most larger ships use propellers that can swivel left and right to steer the ship, known as azimuth thrusters, which allow even the largest ship designs to have adequate maneuverability.[16]

Cruise ships operated by cruise lines, which are companies that market cruises to the public. In the 1990s, many cruise lines were bought by much larger holding companies and continue to operate as brands or subsidiaries of the holding company. For instance, Carnival Corporation & plc owns both the mass-market Carnival Cruise Line, focused on larger party ships for younger travelers, and Holland America Line, whose smaller ships cultivate an image of classic elegance.[17] The common practice in the cruise industry in ship sales and orders is to list the smaller operating company, not the larger holding corporation, as the recipient cruise line of the ship.[18][19]

In service[edit]

As of March 2020,[20] there are 61 passenger ships over 120,000 GT in service. The first ships over that size were the Voyager-class ships from Royal Caribbean Group's Royal Caribbean International (RCI). These ships, which debuted in 1998 at over 137,000 GT, were almost 30,000 GT larger than the next-largest cruise ships, and were some of the first ships designed to appeal to "non-cruisers", with features like a 4-deck-high, 400-foot-long (120 m) atrium down the center of the ship, an ice rink, and a climbing wall.[1] In 2005, the five Voyager-class ships were overtaken by the 149,215 GT Queen Mary 2, the first non-RCI passenger ship over 120,000 GT and the only passenger ship currently in service that classifies itself as an ocean liner. The QM2 was surpassed by RCI's 155,889-GT Freedom-class vessels in 2006, which were in turn overtaken by RCI's first of six planned Oasis-class vessels in 2009.[21] The Oasis-class ships, at over 225,000 GT, are at least 154 feet (47 m) wide, 240 feet (73 m) high, and accommodate over 5,400 passengers.[22]

Since 2008, other cruise lines have been ordering 120,000+ GT ships. MSC Cruises introduced the first of four 137,936–139,072-GT Fantasia-class cruise ships in 2008,[23] followed in 2017 by both the 153,516-GT Seaside class and the 171,598–181,541-GT Meraviglia class.[24] Norwegian Cruise Line debuted the 155,873-GT Norwegian Epic in 2010, the first ship outside of the Oasis class with a double-occupancy capacity of over 4,000,[25] and introduced the 145,655-GT Breakaway class in 2013 and the 165,157–169,116-GT Breakaway-plus class in 2015.[26] Cruise lines belonging to Carnival Corporation & plc, Princess Cruises and P&O Cruises, debuted the first of seven 142,714-GT+ Royal-class ships in 2013,[27] and the corporation's Carnival Cruise Line, Costa Cruises, and AIDA Cruises debuted the first of seven planned 133,596–135,225-GT Vista-class ships in 2016.[28] AIDAnova, the first of Carnival Corporation's nine planned Excellence-class ships, debuted in 2018 at 183,858 GT, with future ships in the class planned for Costa, P&O, Carnival, and AIDA.[29] In 2016 and 2017, Genting Hong Kong's Dream Cruises introduced the 150,695-GT Genting Dream and World Dream, the first large ships from an Asian-owned cruise line.[30]

Largest in-service cruise ships
Rank[a] Ship name Cruise line[b] Year[c] Gross
tonnage
[d]
Length
overall
[d][e]
Beam[d] Staterooms Passenger capacity[f] Image
Maximum[g] Waterline[h] Double[i] Maximum[j]
1 Symphony of the Seas Royal Caribbean International 2018[k][7] 228,081[7] 361.011 m
(1,184.42 ft)[7]
65.7 m
(215.5 ft)[6]
47.78 m
(156.8 ft)[7]
2,759[6] 5,518[6] 6,680[6] SymphonyOfTheSeas (cropped).jpg
2 Harmony of the Seas Royal Caribbean International 2016[k][31] 226,963[31] 362.12 m
(1,188.1 ft)[31]
65.7 m
(215.5 ft)[32]
47.42 m
(155.6 ft)[31]
2,747[32] 5,494[l][32] 6,687[32] Harmony of the Seas (ship, 2016) 001 (cropped).jpg
3 Oasis of the Seas Royal Caribbean International 2009[k][33] 226,838[33] 360 m
(1,180 ft)[33]
60.5 m
(198 ft)[33]
47 m
(154 ft)[33]
2,742[34] 5,484[34] 6,780[34] Oasis of the Seas (cropped).jpg
4 Allure of the Seas Royal Caribbean International 2010[35] 225,282[35] 360 m
(1,180 ft)[35]
60.5 m
(198 ft)[35]
47 m
(154 ft)[35]
2,742[36] 5,484[36] 6,780[36] Allure of the Seas (ship, 2009) 001 (cropped).jpg
5 Costa Smeralda[37] Costa Cruises 2019[38] 185,010[38] 337 m
(1,106 ft)[37]
42 m
(138 ft)[38]
2,612[37] 5,224[37] 6,554[38] Costa Smeralda Storebælt IV (cropped).jpg
6 Iona[39] P&O Cruises 2020[39] 184,700[39] 344.5 m
(1,130 ft)[39]
42 m
(138 ft)[39]
2,614[39] 5,206[39] 6,600[40] IONA & GEMINI (49962752607).jpg
7 AIDAnova[41] AIDA Cruises 2018[41] 183,858[42] 337 m
(1,106 ft)[42]
42 m
(138 ft)[42]
2,626[43] 5,252[43] 6,654[42] AIDAnova 01.jpg
8 MSC Grandiosa[44] MSC Cruises 2019[44] 181,541[44] 331.43 m
(1,087.4 ft)[45]
43 m
(141 ft)[45]
2,632[45] 5,264[45] 6,761[45] Vertrek MSC GRANDIOSA (49018346261).jpg
9 MSC Meraviglia MSC Cruises 2017[46] 171,598[47] 315.83 m
(1,036.2 ft)[47]
43 m
(141 ft)[47]
2,244[46] 4,488[46] 5,655[46] MSC Meraviglia Grand Harbour Malta 20180307 03 (cropped).jpg
MSC Bellissima MSC Cruises 2019[48] 171,598[49] 315.83 m
(1,036.2 ft)[49]
43 m
(141 ft)[49]
2,217[48] 4,434[48] 5,686[48] MSC Bellissima 20190226 190521 (cropped).jpg
11 Spectrum of the Seas Royal Caribbean International 2019[50] 169,379[51] 347.11 m
(1,138.8 ft)[51]
49.24 m
(161.5 ft)[51]
41.39 m
(135.8 ft)[51]
2,137[50] 4,246[l][50] 5,622[50]
12 Norwegian Encore Norwegian Cruise Line 2019[52] 169,116[52] 333.44 m
(1,094.0 ft)[52]
48.13 m
(157.9 ft)[52]
41.39 m
(135.8 ft)[52]
2,040[53] 3,998[l][53] Un­known NORWEGIAN ENCORE 7704 (cropped).jpg
13 Quantum of the Seas Royal Caribbean International 2014[54] 168,666[54] 347.08 m
(1,138.7 ft)[54]
49.47 m
(162.3 ft)[54]
41.4 m
(136 ft)[54]
2,090[55] 4,180[55] 4,905[55] Quantum of the Seas - Wedel 04 (cropped).jpg
Anthem of the Seas Royal Caribbean International 2015[56] 168,666[56] 347.06 m
(1,138.6 ft)[56]
49.4 m
(162 ft)[56]
41.4 m
(136 ft)[56]
2,090[57] 4,180[57] 4,905[57] Anthem of the Seas (cropped).jpg
Ovation of the Seas Royal Caribbean International 2016[58] 168,666[58] 348 m
(1,142 ft)[58]
48.9 m
(160 ft)[58]
41.2 m
(135 ft)[58]
2,091[59] 4,180[l][59] 4,905[59] Ovation of the Seas (26417060696) (cropped).jpg
16 Norwegian Bliss Norwegian Cruise Line 2018[60] 168,028[60] 333.32 m
(1,093.6 ft)[60]
48.1 m
(158 ft)[60]
41.4 m
(136 ft)[60]
2,043[61] 4,004[61] 4,200[62] Norwegian Bliss.jpg
17 Norwegian Joy Norwegian Cruise Line 2017[63] 167,725[63] 333.46 m
(1,094.0 ft)[63]
41.4 m
(136 ft)[63]
1,925[64] 3,804[l][65] 3,883[64] Norwegian Joy at kochi new port (cropped).jpg
18 Norwegian Escape Norwegian Cruise Line 2015[66] 165,157[66] 325.9 m
(1,069 ft)[66]
46.5 m
(153 ft)[66]
41.4 m
(136 ft)[66]
2,124[66] 4,248[66] Un­known Cruise ship Norwegian Escape (1) (cropped).jpg
19 Freedom of the Seas Royal Caribbean International 2006[k][67] 156,271[67] 338.774 m
(1,111.46 ft)[67]
56 m
(184 ft)[68]
39.034 m
(128.06 ft)[67]
1,817[68] 3,634[68] 4,375[68] Freedom of the Seas (12174093863) (cropped).jpg
20 Liberty of the Seas Royal Caribbean International 2007[k][69] 155,889[69] 339 m
(1,112 ft)[70]
56 m
(184 ft)[70]
39.0 m
(128.1 ft)[69]
1,817[70] 3,634[70] 4,375[70] Liberty of the Seas (ship, 2007) 002.jpg
Independence of the Seas Royal Caribbean International 2008[71] 155,889[71] 338.72 m
(1,111.3 ft)[71]
56 m
(184 ft)[72]
38.6 m
(127 ft)[71]
1,929[72] 3,858[72] 4,560[72] INDEPENDENCE OF THE SEAS (43623180144) 16x9.jpg
22 Norwegian Epic Norwegian Cruise Line 2010[73] 155,873[73] 329.5 m
(1,081 ft)[74]
40.6 m
(133 ft)[74]
2,114[74] 4,100[l][74] 5,183[75] Norwegian EPIC en Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.jpg
23 MSC Seaview MSC Cruises 2018[76] 153,516[76] 323 m
(1,060 ft)[77]
41 m
(135 ft)[76]
2,066[77] 4,132[77] 5,336[77] MSC Seaview Genova.jpg
MSC Seaside MSC Cruises 2017[78] 153,516[78] 323 m
(1,060 ft)[79]
41 m
(135 ft)[79]
2,066[79] 4,132[79] 5,336[79] MSC Seaside 01 (cropped).jpg
25 Genting Dream Dream Cruises 2016[80] 150,695[80] 335.33 m
(1,100.2 ft)[80]
44.1 m
(145 ft)[80]
39.7 m
(130 ft)[80]
1,674[81] 3,348[81] 4,500[81] Genting Dream at Marina Bay Cruise Centre (cropped).jpg
World Dream Dream Cruises 2017[82] 150,695[82] 335.2 m
(1,100 ft)[82]
44.35 m
(145.5 ft)[82]
39.75 m
(130.4 ft)[82]
1,686[83] Un­known 3,376[83] World Dream 2017 34 (cropped).jpg
27 Queen Mary 2 Cunard Line 2004[k][84] 149,215[84] 345.03 m
(1,132.0 ft)[84]
45 m
(147 ft)[85]
41 m
(135 ft)[84]
1,353[86] 2,691[l][86] 3,090[85] Queen Mary 2 Boston July 2015 01 (cropped).jpg
28 Norwegian Breakaway Norwegian Cruise Line 2013[87] 145,655[87] 325.64 m
(1,068.4 ft)[87]
51.7 m
(169.7 ft)[88]
39.71 m
(130.3 ft)[87]
2,015[89] 3,963[l][88] Un­known Norwegian Breakaway in Saint Petersburg 03 (cropped).jpg
Norwegian Getaway Norwegian Cruise Line 2014[90] 145,655[90] 325.65 m
(1,068.4 ft)[90]
44.39 m
(145.6 ft)[90]
39.73 m
(130.3 ft)[90]
2,015[91] 3,963[l][92] Un­known Norwegian Getaway departing Tallinn 27 June 2017 (cropped).jpg
30 Sky Princess Princess Cruises 2019[93] 145,281[93] 330 m
(1,080 ft)[93]
38.4 m
(126 ft)[93]
1,830[94] 3,660[94] 4,610[94] Sky Princess Trieste 2019-10-16 16-46-44.jpg
31 Enchanted Princess[95] Princess Cruises 2020[95] 145,000[95][96] 330 m
(1,080 ft)[95]
Un­known Un­known 1,830[95] 3,660[95] Un­known
32 Majestic Princess Princess Cruises 2017[97] 144,216[97] 330.0 m
(1,082.7 ft)[97]
Un­known 38.4 m
(126 ft)[97]
1,780[98] 3,560[98] 5,600[98] MAJESTIC PRINCESS 20180405-1 (cropped).jpg
33 Britannia P&O Cruises 2015[99] 143,730[99] 330 m
(1,080 ft)[99]
Un­known 38.38 m
(125.9 ft)[99]
1,837[100] 3,647[l][100] Un­known Britannia arrival-1 (cropped).jpg
34 Royal Princess Princess Cruises 2013[101] 142,714[101] 330 m
(1,080 ft)[101]
47 m
(155 ft)[102]
38.4 m
(126 ft)[101]
1,780[102] 3,560[102] 4,340[102] Royal Princess 6 (26812634049) (cropped).jpg
Regal Princess Princess Cruises 2014[103] 142,714[103] 330 m
(1,080 ft)[103]
Un­known 38.27 m
(125.6 ft)[103]
1,780[104] 3,560[104] 4,340[104] Regal Princess, Warnemünde, 2019 (01).jpg
36 Navigator of the Seas Royal Caribbean International 2002[k][105] 139,999[105] 311 m
(1,020 ft)[105]
48.0 m
(157.5 ft)[106]
38.6 m
(127 ft)[105]
1,693[106] 3,386[106] 4,000[106] Navigator of the Seas 2014 Galveston 1 (cropped).JPG
37 Mariner of the Seas Royal Caribbean International 2003[107] 139,863[107] 311.12 m
(1,020.7 ft)[107]
39.032 m
(128.06 ft)[107]
38.6 m
(127 ft)[107]
1,674[108] 3,344[l][108] 4,000[108] Bahamas Cruise - ship exterior - June 2018 (3306) (cropped).jpg
38 MSC Divina MSC Cruises 2012[109] 139,072[109] 333.33 m
(1,093.6 ft)[109]
37.92 m
(124.4 ft)[109]
1,751[110] 3,502[110] 4,345[110] MSC Divina in Malta (cropped).jpg
MSC Preziosa MSC Cruises 2013[111] 139,072[111] 333.33 m
(1,093.6 ft)[111]
37.92 m
(124.4 ft)[111]
1,751[112] 3,502[112] 4,345[112] Croisière MSC PREZIOSA à quai (cropped).jpg
40 Explorer of the Seas Royal Caribbean International 2000[k][113] 138,194[113] 311 m
(1,020 ft)[113]
49.1 m
(161 ft)[113]
38.6 m
(127 ft)[113]
1,557[114] 3,114[114] 3,840[114] Explorer of the Seas, Fremantle, 2015 (03).JPG
Voyager of the Seas Royal Caribbean International 1999[k][115] 138,194[115] 311.12 m
(1,020.7 ft)[115]
47.4 m
(156 ft)[115]
38.6 m
(127 ft)[115]
1,557[116] 3,114[116] 3,840[116] Voyager of the Seas in Sydney.jpg
42 Adventure of the Seas Royal Caribbean International 2001[117] 138,193[117] 311 m
(1,020 ft)[117]
49.1 m
(161 ft)[117]
38.6 m
(127 ft)[117]
1,557[118] 3,114[118] 3,807[118] Adventure-of-the-Seas-4 (cropped).JPG
43 MSC Fantasia MSC Cruises 2008[119] 137,936[119] 333.33 m
(1,093.6 ft)[119]
37.92 m
(124.4 ft)[119]
1,637[120] 3,274[120] 4,363[120] MSC Fantasia 2012 2 (cropped).jpg
MSC Splendida MSC Cruises 2009[121] 137,936[121] 333.33 m
(1,093.6 ft)[121]
37.92 m
(124.4 ft)[121]
1,637[122] 3,274[122] 3,952[122] MSC Splendida Marseille (cropped).jpg
45 Costa Venezia Costa Cruises 2019[123] 135,225[123] 323 m
(1,060 ft)[123]
Un­known 37.2 m
(122 ft)[123]
2,116[124] 4,232[124] 5,260[124] COSTA VENEZIA 20190513-2 (cropped).jpg
46 Carnival Panorama Carnival Cruise Line 2019[125] 133,868[125] 323 m
(1,060 ft)[126]
37.2 m
(122 ft)[125]
48 m
(158 ft)[127]
2,004[127] 4,008[127] 5,146[127] Carnival Panorama docked in Puerto Vallarta 1-8-2020 (cropped).jpg
47 Carnival Vista Carnival Cruise Line 2016[128] 133,596[128] 323.63 m
(1,061.8 ft)[128]
48.34 m
(158.6 ft)[128]
37.2 ft
(11.3 m)[128]
1,967[129] 3,934[129] 4,977[129] TRIESTE NAVI (26741045166) (cropped).jpg
Carnival Horizon Carnival Cruise Line 2018[130] 133,596[130] 323.63 m
(1,061.8 ft)[130]
48.84 m
(160.2 ft)[130]
37.2 m
(122 ft)[130]
1,967[131] 3,960[131] 4,977[131] Carnival Horizon of the coast of Grand Turk (cropped).jpg
49 Costa Diadema Costa Cruises 2014[132] 133,019[132] 306 m
(1,004 ft)[133]
37.2 m
(122 ft)[132]
1,862[133] 3,724[133] 4,947[132]
50 Celebrity Edge Celebrity Cruises 2018[134] 130,818[134] 306 m
(1,004 ft)[134]
39.05 m
(128.1 ft)[134]
1,467[135] 2,918[l][135] 3,373[135] Celebrity Edge - Sept 2018 (cropped).jpg
Celebrity Apex Celebrity Cruises 2020[136] 130,818[136] 306 m
(1,004 ft)[136]
39.05 m
(128.1 ft)[136]
1,467[137] 2,918[l][137] 3,373[137] Celebrity APEX at Saint Nazaire Jan 2020.jpg
52 Disney Fantasy Disney Cruise Line 2012[138] 129,750[138] 339.8 m
(1,115 ft)[138]
40.3 m
(132 ft)[138]
37.0 m
(121.4 ft)[138]
1,250[139] 2,500[139] 4,000[139] Disney Fantasy Cruise Ship (6) (21000557309).jpg
53 Disney Dream Disney Cruise Line 2011[140] 129,690[140] 339.8 m
(1,115 ft)[140]
40.5 m
(133 ft)[140]
37.0 m
(121.4 ft)[140]
1,250[141] 2,500[141] 4,000[141] Disney Dream docked in the Bahamas 02 (cropped).JPG
54 Carnival Dream Carnival Cruise Line 2009[142] 128,251[142] 305.471 m
(1,002.20 ft)[142]
48 m
(158 ft)[143]
37.18 m
(122.0 ft)[142]
1,823[143] 3,646[143] 4,631[143] Carnival Dream Bow (cropped).png
55 Carnival Breeze Carnival Cruise Line 2012[144] 128,052[144] 305.5 m
(1,002 ft)[144]
48 m
(158 ft)[145]
37.18 m
(122.0 ft)[144]
1,845[145] 3,690[145] 4,724[145] Carnival Breeze (ship, 2011) 001 (cropped).jpg
56 Carnival Magic Carnival Cruise Line 2011[146] 128,048[146] 305.471 m
(1,002.20 ft)[146]
48 m
(158 ft)[147]
37.18 m
(122.0 ft)[146]
1,845[147] 3,690[147] 4,724[147] Carnival Magic in Venedig (cropped).JPG
57 AIDAprima AIDA Cruises 2016[148] 125,572[148] 299.95 m
(984.1 ft)[148]
37.6 m
(123 ft)[148]
1,643[149] 3,286[149] Un­known AIDAprima 2016-04a (cropped).jpg
AIDAperla AIDA Cruises 2017[150] 125,572[150] 299.95 m
(984.1 ft)[150]
37.6 m
(123 ft)[150]
1,643[151] 3,286[151] Un­known Aida perla, Le Havre, mars 2018 (cropped).jpg
59 Celebrity Reflection Celebrity Cruises 2012[152] 125,366[152] 319 m
(1,047 ft)[152]
37.4 m
(123 ft)[152]
1,523[153] 3,030[l][153] 3,480[154] 20151015 0732 Port of Piraeus.jpg
60 Celebrity Silhouette Celebrity Cruises 2011[155] 122,210[155] 315 m
(1,033 ft)[155]
36.9 m
(121 ft)[155]
1,443[156] 2,886[156] 3,320[154] Celebrity Silhouette departing Tallinn 23 May 2015 (cropped).JPG
61 Celebrity Solstice Celebrity Cruises 2008[157] 121,878[157] 317.192 m
(1,040.66 ft)[157]
36.9 m
(121 ft)[157]
1,426[158] 2,850[l][158] 3,148[154] Celebrity Solstice in Port Melbourne, Australia Dec 2012 (02) (cropped).jpg
Celebrity Equinox Celebrity Cruises 2009[159] 121,878[159] 317.2 m
(1,041 ft)[159]
36.9 m
(121 ft)[159]
1,426[160] 2,852[160] 3,148[154] MS Celebrity Equinox R02 (cropped).jpg
Celebrity Eclipse Celebrity Cruises 2010[161] 121,878[161] 317.141 m
(1,040.49 ft)[161]
36.8 m
(121 ft)[161]
1,426[162] 2,850[l][162] 3,148[154] Celebrity Eclipse leaving Southampton (cropped).jpg
  1. ^ Ships are ranked by gross tonnage and subsequently by the date they entered service.
  2. ^ The cruise line that currently operates the ship, which in some cases may be different than the line that ordered the ship or from the holding company that technically owns it
  3. ^ The year the ship originally entered service, which in some cases may not the year it started service under the listed cruise line or with the listed name
  4. ^ a b c Ship dimensions are sourced from the appropriate classification society whenever possible.
  5. ^ Some classification societies, such as Registro Italiano Navale only list length between perpendiculars, not length overall, in which case length data is provided by other sources.
  6. ^ Passenger capacity excludes crew.
  7. ^ Width at the widest point anywhere on the ship's height
  8. ^ Width at the widest point as measured at the ship's nominal waterline
  9. ^ Where official sources do not specify double occupancy capacity or lower berths capacity, this list assumes two passengers per stateroom (some ships have small rooms that only count as a single passenger when calculating double-occupancy).
  10. ^ Maximum capacity of the ship, usually determined by total number of beds and/or SOLAS safety standards
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i This ship was the largest passenger ship in the world when it debuted.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p This number assumes only single occupancy of certain staterooms designed for only one passenger.

On order[edit]

As of March 2020,[20] there are 42 passenger ships on order or under construction with a publicly announced size of over 120,000 GT. The largest are two Oasis-class ships being built for Royal Caribbean International (RCI) for 2021 and 2023, and while their exact sizes are unknown, RCI CEO Michael Bayley has said that each new Oasis-class ship will be a little larger than the last.[163] RCI also has three 200,000-GT Icon-class cruise ships on order, with expected delivery between 2022 and 2025,[164] and a fifth Quantum-class ship on order for late 2020.[165] Celebrity Cruises, which is owned by RCI's parent company Royal Caribbean Group, will introduce three larger 140,600-GT Edge-class ships in 2021, 2022, and 2024,[166] and TUI Cruises, a joint venture between Royal Caribbean Group and TUI Group, are introducing a new class of 161,000-GT cruise ships in 2024 and 2026.[167]

Dream Cruises is planning to take delivery of two 208,000-GT Global-class ships in 2021 and 2022, which will be the first ships over 200,000 GT not built for RCI and will have the largest maximum passenger capacity, 9,000, of any ship.[168][169]

MSC Cruises has four World-class ships planned for 2022, 2024, 2025, and 2027, and at 205,700 GT and a capacity of 6,850 passengers, they will have the highest passengers capacities of any ship and be the largest ships operated by a European cruise line.[170][171] They also have two ships from each of the Meraviglia Plus class and the Seaside Evo class on order for delivery from 2020 to 2023.[172]

Carnival Corporation has seven more 183,200–183,900-GT Excellence-class ships planned to debut between 2020 and 2023 for Costa Cruises, P&O Cruises, Carnival Cruise Line, and AIDA Cruises.[29] Costa will also take delivery of the fifth 135,000-GT Vista-class ship in 2020, and two more Vista-class ships are planned in 2023 and 2024 for a joint venture between Carnival Corporation and China State Shipbuilding Corporation (CSSC).[173] Carnival's Princess Cruises will take delivery of the last two Royal-class ships in 2020 and 2021, planned at 144,650 GT each.[174]

Each year from 2022 to 2027, Norwegian Cruise Line will debut a ship from Project Leonardo. The six ships are expected to be 140,000 GT and carry 3,300 passengers.[175]

Disney Cruise Line will launch three 144,000-GT Triton-class ships in 2021, 2022, and 2023. These ships will have 1,250 staterooms, like the line's previous two ships, but will be 14,000 GT larger than those ships and powered by liquified natural gas fuel.[176]

Largest on-order cruise ships
Rank[a] Ship, class, or project name[b] Cruise line[c] Year
(planned)[d]
Gross
tonnage
[b]
Length
overall
[b]
Beam[b] Staterooms[b] Passenger capacity[b][e]
Maximum[f] Waterline[g] Double[h] Maximum[i]
1 Oasis Class Royal Caribbean International 2023[21] 231,000[21] 362 m
(1,188 ft)[21]
66 m
(217 ft)[21]
2,857[21] 5,714[21] 6,700[21]
2 Wonder of the Seas[177] Royal Caribbean International 2022[177] >228,081[163] >362 m
(1,188 ft)[163]
>65.7 m
(215.5 ft)[163]
Un­known Un­known Un­known
3 Global Dream[169] Dream Cruises 2021[169] 208,000[169] 342 m
(1,122 ft)[169]
46.4 m
(152 ft)[169]
2,350[169] 4,700[169] 9,000[169]
Global Class Dream Cruises 2022[169] 208,000[169] 342 m
(1,122 ft)[169]
46.4 m
(152 ft)[169]
2,350[169] 4,700[169] 9,000[169]
5 MSC World Europa[178] MSC Cruises 2022[45] 205,700[45] 333.3 m
(1,094 ft)[45]
47 m
(154 ft)[45]
2,632[45] 5,264[45] 6,761[45]
World Class II MSC Cruises 2024[171] 205,700[172] 333.3 m
(1,094 ft)[172]
47 m
(154 ft)[172]
2,632[172] 5,264[172] 6,774[172]
World Class III MSC Cruises 2025[171] 205,700[172] 333.3 m
(1,094 ft)[172]
47 m
(154 ft)[172]
2,632[172] 5,264[172] 6,774[172]
World Class IV MSC Cruises 2027[171] 205,700[172] 333.3 m
(1,094 ft)[172]
47 m
(154 ft)[172]
2,632[172] 5,264[172] 6,774[172]
9 Icon class[164] Royal Caribbean International 2022[164] 200,000[164] Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known 5,000[164]
Icon class[164] Royal Caribbean International 2024[164] 200,000[164] Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known 5,000[164]
Icon class[164] Royal Caribbean International 2025[164] 200,000[164] Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known 5,000[164]
12 Costa Toscana[179] Costa Cruises 2021[179] 185,010[179] 337 m
(1,106 ft)[179]
42 m
(138 ft)[179]
2,612[179] 5,224[179] 6,554[179]
13 TBA P&O Cruises 2022[180] 183,900[39] 344.5 m
(1,130 ft)[181]
42 m
(138 ft)[181]
2,614[181] 5,206[39] 6,600[40]
14 Meraviglia Plus Class III MSC Cruises 2023[172] 183,500[172] 331.43 m
(1,087.4 ft)[172]
43 m
(141 ft)[172]
2,408[172] 4,816[172] 6,335[172]
15 AIDAcosma[182] AIDA Cruises 2021[182] 183,200[182] 337 m
(1,106 ft)[182]
42 m
(138 ft)[182]
2,626[182] 5,228[182] 6,600[40]
Helios Class[183] AIDA Cruises 2023[183] 183,200[183] 337 m
(1,106 ft)[183]
42 m
(138 ft)[183]
2,626[183] 5,228[183] 6,600[40]
17 MSC Virtuosa[184] MSC Cruises 2020[184] 181,000[184] 331 m
(1,087 ft)[184]
43 m
(141 ft)[184]
2,421[184] 4,842[184] 6,334[184]
18 Mardi Gras[185] Carnival Cruise Line 2020[185] 180,800[185] 340 m
(1,130 ft)[185]
42 m
(137 ft)[185]
2,641[185] 5,282[185] 6,630[185]
Carnival Celebration[186] Carnival Cruise Line 2022[186] 345 m
(1,132 ft)[187]
Un­known Un­known 2,600[188] 5,200[188] 6,600[187]
20 MSC Seashore[189] MSC Cruises 2021[189] 169,400[189] 339 m
(1,112 ft)[189]
41 m
(135 ft)[189]
2,270[189] 4,540[189] 5,632[189]
Seaside Evo Class II MSC Cruises 2022[189] 169,400[189] 339 m
(1,112 ft)[189]
41 m
(135 ft)[189]
2,270[189] 4,540[189] 5,632[189]
22 Odyssey of the Seas[165] Royal Caribbean International 2021[190] 169,379[191] 169,300[192] 347.4 m
(1,140 ft)[192]
41.4 m
(136 ft)[192]
2,137[192] 4,284[192] 5,498[165]
23 TBA TUI Cruises 2024[167] 161,000[167] Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known
TBA TUI Cruises 2026[167] 161,000[167] Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known
25 Disney Wish[176] Disney Cruise Line 2021[176] 144,000[176] 341.13 m
(1,119.19 ft)[176]
39.00 m
(127.95 ft)[176]
1,250[176] 2,500[176] Un­known
Triton class[193] Disney Cruise Line 2022[176] 144,000[176] 341.13 m
(1,119.19 ft)[176]
39.00 m
(127.95 ft)[176]
1,250[176] 2,500[176] Un­known
Triton class[193] Disney Cruise Line 2023[176] 144,000[176] 341.13 m
(1,119.19 ft)[176]
39.00 m
(127.95 ft)[176]
1,250[176] 2,500[176] Un­known
28 Discovery Princess[95] Princess Cruises 2021[95] 144,650[95] 330 m
(1,080 ft)[95]
Un­known Un­known 1,830[95] 3,660[95] Un­known
29 Celebrity Beyond[166] Celebrity Cruises 2021[166] 140,600[166] 327 m
(1,073 ft)[166]
Un­known Un­known 1,650[166] 3,300[166] Un­known
Edge Class Celebrity Cruises 2022[166] 140,600[166] 327 m
(1,073 ft)[166]
Un­known Un­known 1,650[166] 3,300[166] Un­known
Edge Class Celebrity Cruises 2024[166] 140,600[166] 327 m
(1,073 ft)[166]
Un­known Un­known 1,650[166] 3,300[166] Un­known
32 Project Leonardo Norwegian Cruise Line 2022[194] 140,000[194] 300 m
(980 ft)[194]
Un­known Un­known Un­known 3,300[175]
Project Leonardo Norwegian Cruise Line 2023[194] 140,000[194] 300 m
(980 ft)[194]
Un­known Un­known Un­known 3,300[175]
Project Leonardo Norwegian Cruise Line 2024[194] 140,000[194] 300 m
(980 ft)[194]
Un­known Un­known Un­known 3,300[175]
Project Leonardo Norwegian Cruise Line 2025[194] 140,000[194] 300 m
(980 ft)[194]
Un­known Un­known Un­known 3,300[175]
Project Leonardo Norwegian Cruise Line 2026[194] 140,000[194] 300 m
(980 ft)[194]
Un­known Un­known Un­known 3,300[175]
Project Leonardo Norwegian Cruise Line 2027[194] 140,000[194] 300 m
(980 ft)[194]
Un­known Un­known Un­known 3,300[175]
38 Costa Firenze[195] Costa Asia[174] 2020[195] 135,500[195] 323 m
(1,060 ft)[195]
Un­known Un­known Un­known 5,200[195]
39 Vista class[196][197] CSSC Carnival Cruise Shipping[173] 2023[197] 135,000[196] Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known 5,000[197]
Vista class[196][197] CSSC Carnival Cruise Shipping[173] 2024[197] 135,000[196] Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known 5,000[197]
  1. ^ Ships are ranked by gross tonnage and subsequently by the date they entered service.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Ship name and dimensions are sourced from press releases or other official communications from the cruise line or shipyard.
  3. ^ Cruise line that ordered the ship or is expected to take delivery
  4. ^ Year the year the ship is planned to enter service, not when it is launched or floated out
  5. ^ Passenger capacity excludes crew.
  6. ^ Width at the widest point anywhere on the ship's height
  7. ^ Width at the widest point as measured at the ship's nominal waterline
  8. ^ Where official sources do not specify double occupancy capacity or lower berths capacity, this list assumes two passengers per stateroom (some ships have small rooms that only count as a single passenger when calculating double-occupancy).
  9. ^ Maximum capacity of the ship, usually determined by total number of beds and/or SOLAS safety standards

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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