List of largest dams

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For the Tallest dam in the world, see List of tallest dams in the world. For the largest reservoirs in the world, see List of reservoirs by volume.

The following table lists the largest man-made dams in the world by volume of fill/structure. By general definition, a dam is a barrier that impounds water or underground streams, hence tailings dams are relegated to a separate list. Be aware that data on volume of structure is not as easily available or reliable as data on dam height and reservoir volume.

Rank Name[1] Country Year completed Structure height [m] Structure volume[2] [106 m3] Reservoir volume [109 m3] Installed capacity [MW] Type
1 Tarbela Dam  Pakistan 1976 143 153[3] 13.7 3,478 TE/ER
2 Fort Peck Dam[4]  United States 1940 76.4 96 23 185 TE
3 Atatürk Dam[5]  Turkey 1990 166 84.5 48.7 2,400 TE/ER
4 Houtribdijk  Netherlands 1968 13 78[6] 0 [7] NA TE/ER
5 Oahe Dam[4]  United States 1963 75 70.3 29 786 TE/ER
6 Gardiner Dam[8]  Canada 1967 64 65.4 9.4 186 TE
7 Mangla Dam  Pakistan 1967 147 65.4 7.25 1,000 TE or TE/ER
8 Oroville Dam  United States 1968 230 59.6 4.36 819 TE/ER
9 San Luis Dam (BF Sisk Dam)  United States 1967 93 59.6 2.52 424 TE
10 Nurek Dam  Tajikistan 1980 300 54 10.5 3,200 TE
11 Samara Dam  Russia 1955 52 54[6] 57.3 2,315 TE or ER
12 Garrison Dam[4]  United States 1954 64 50.8 29 NA TE
13 Cochiti Dam  United States 1975 76.5 50.2 0.73 NA TE
14 Aswan Dam[9]  Egypt 1970 111 44.3 169 2,100 TE/ER
15 W. A. C. Bennett Dam  Canada 1968 186 43.7 7.4 2,876 TE
16 San Roque Dam  Philippines 2003 200/210 40[10] 0.835 345 TE or ER
17 Fort Randall Dam[4]  United States 1953 50.3 38.2 6.7 320 TE/ER
18 Afsluitdijk  Netherlands 1932 13 36.5[6] 5.5 NA TE/ER
19 Kölnbrein Dam  Austria 1979 200 35.2 1.58 1,028.5 TE
20 Guri Dam  Venezuela 1978 162 29.8 135 10,235 PG/ER
21 Three Gorges Dam  China 2008 181 27.4[11] 39.3 22,500 PG

Type: TE - Earth; ER - Rock-fill; PG - Concrete gravity; CFRD - Concrete face rock fill

List of largest tailings dams[edit]

Rank Name[1] Country Year completed Structure height [m] Structure volume[2] [106 m3] Reservoir volume [109 m3] Installed capacity [MW] Type
1 Syncrude Tailings Dam Mildred MLSB[12]  Canada 1995 88 540[6]/720 0.35 NA TE
2 Syncrude Tailings Dam Mildred SWSS[13]  Canada 2010 40-50 119[6] 0.25[6] NA TE
3 ASARCO Mission Mine Tailings Dam  United States 1973 30[14] 40.1 0 [15] NA ER

Type: TE - Earth; ER - Rock-fill; PG - Concrete gravity; CFRD - Concrete face rock fill.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Talk:List of largest dams in the world#Phantom Dams
  2. ^ a b Talk:List of largest dams in the world#Structure Volume
  3. ^ "Tarbela Dam Project" (PDF). WAPDA. Retrieved 2015-07-25. 
  4. ^ a b c d http://`www.nwd-mr.usace.army.mil/rcc/projdata/summaryengdat.pdf
  5. ^ http://ipac.kacst.edu.sa/eDoc/2006/157250_1.pdf
  6. ^ a b c d e f Estimate based on height, dimensions from Google Earth and, where available, cross section. Accuracy ±15%
  7. ^ Surrounds sunken land in the middle of a lake
  8. ^ http://www.swa.ca/Publications/Documents/FS-308.pdf
  9. ^ "Embankment dams | Structurae". En.structurae.de. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  10. ^ "San Roque Dam". NAPOCOR. Retrieved 2015-07-25. 
  11. ^ "New Developments in Dam Engineering". Retrieved 2015-07-25. 
  12. ^ D. Nicol (1994) "The Syncrude Mildred Lake Tailings Dyke Redesign", 18th Int. Congr. Large Dams.
  13. ^ "Microsoft Word - Baseline Report on Fluid Deposits revE" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  14. ^ Estimate based on structure volume and dimensions from Google Earth
  15. ^ Zero reservoir size because full of tailings