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List of islands by area

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Dymaxion world map with continental landmasses (I,II,III,IV) and largest islands (1–30) roughly to scale

This list includes all islands in the world larger than 2,500 km2 (970 sq mi) and most of the islands over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi), sorted in descending order by area. For size and location reference, four very large continental landmasses are also shown.

Continental landmasses[edit]

Continental landmasses are not usually classified as islands despite being completely surrounded by water.[Note 1] However, because the definition of continent varies between geographers, the Americas are sometimes defined as two separate continents while mainland Australia is sometimes defined as an island as well as a continent. Nevertheless, for the purposes of this list, mainland Australia along with the other major landmasses have been listed as continental landmasses for comparison. The figures are approximations and are for the four major continental landmasses only.[Note 2] The artificial Panama and Suez canals are disregarded, as they are not natural waters that separate the continents.

Rank Continental landmass[Note 3] Area Nation(s)
(km2) (sq mi)
1 Afro-Eurasia 79,810,726[Note 4] 30,815,094

126 countries[Note 8]
7 de facto states[Note 10]

2 Americas 37,699,623[Note 11] 14,555,906

22 countries[Note 13]
French Guiana[Note 14]

3 Antarctica[Note 15] 12,272,800[Note 16] 4,738,600 None[Note 18]
4 Australia[Note 19] 7,591,608[Note 20] 2,931,136 Australia

Islands[edit]

Islands 100,000 km2 (38,600 sq mi) and greater[edit]

Rank Island Area [11] Nation(s) (subnational divisions)
(km2) (sq mi)
1 Greenland (main island)[Note 21][8] 2,130,800[12] 822,700 Kingdom of Denmark (Greenland)
2 New Guinea[Note 22] 785,753[13] 303,381 Indonesia (Papua and Central, Highland, South, West and Southwest Papua)
Papua New Guinea (Highlands, Momase, and Southern regions)
3 Borneo[Note 23] 748,168 288,869 Brunei
Indonesia (Central, East, North, South, and West Kalimantan)
Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak)
4 Madagascar (main island)[Note 24] 587,041[14] 226,658 Madagascar
5 Baffin Island[Note 25] 507,451[15] 195,928 Canada (Nunavut)
6 Sumatra 443,065 171,068 Indonesia (Aceh, Bengkulu, Jambi, Lampung, Riau, North, South, and West Sumatra provinces)
7 Honshu 227,938[16] 88,007 Japan (Chūbu, Chūgoku, Kansai, Kantō, and Tōhoku regions)
8 Victoria Island 217,291[15] 83,897 Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
9 Great Britain[Note 26] 209,331 80,823 United Kingdom (England, Scotland, and Wales)
10 Ellesmere Island 196,236[15] 75,767 Canada (Nunavut)
11 Sulawesi 180,681 69,761 Indonesia (Gorontalo, Central, North, South, Southeast, and West Sulawesi)
12 South Island / Te Waipounamu 145,836 56,308 New Zealand (Canterbury, Marlborough, Nelson, Otago, Southland, Tasman, and the West Coast)
13 Java 138,794 53,589 Indonesia (Banten, Jakarta, Yogyakarta, Central, East, and West Java)
14 North Island / Te Ika-a-Māui 111,583 43,082 New Zealand (Auckland, the Bay of Plenty, Gisborne, Hawke's Bay, Manawatū-Whanganui, Northland, Taranaki, Waikato, and Wellington)
15 Luzon (main island) 109,965 42,458 Philippines (Bicol, Cagayan Valley, Calabarzon, Central Luzon, Cordillera, Ilocos, and the National Capital Region)
16 Newfoundland 108,860[15] 42,030 Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador)
17 Cuba (main island)[Note 27] 105,806 40,852 Cuba
18 Iceland (main island)[Note 28] 101,826 39,315 Iceland

Islands 25,000–100,000 km2 (9,700–38,600 sq mi)[edit]

Rank Island Area [11] Nation(s) (subnational divisions)
(km2) (sq mi)
19 Mindanao (main island) 97,530 37,660 Philippines (Caraga, Davao, Bangsamoro, Northern Mindanao, Soccsksargen, and Zamboanga Peninsula)
20 Ireland 84,421[17] 32,595 Ireland
United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
21 Hokkaido 77,982[16] 30,109 Japan (Hokkaidō region and prefecture)
22 Hispaniola 73,929 28,544 Dominican Republic
Haiti
23 Sakhalin 72,493 27,990 Russia (Sakhalin)
24 Banks Island 70,028[15] 27,038 Canada (Northwest Territories)
25 Sri Lanka (main island) 65,268[18] 25,200 Sri Lanka
26 Tasmania (main island) 65,022 25,105 Australia (Tasmania)
27 Devon Island[Note 29] 55,247[15] 21,331 Canada (Nunavut)
28 Alexander Island[Note 30] 49,070 18,950 None[Note 31]
29 Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego[Note 32] 47,992 18,530 Argentina (Tierra del Fuego)
Chile (Magallanes)
30 Severny Island (northern Novaya Zemlya) 47,079 18,177 Russia (Arkhangelsk)
31 Berkner Island 43,873 16,939 None[Note 33]
32 Axel Heiberg Island 43,178[15] 16,671 Canada (Nunavut)
33 Melville Island 42,149[15] 16,274 Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
34 Southampton Island 41,214[15] 15,913 Canada (Nunavut)
35 Marajó[Note 34] 40,100[18] 15,500 Brazil (Pará)
36 Spitsbergen 38,981[19] 15,051 Norway (Svalbard)
37 Kyūshū 36,782[16] 14,202 Japan (Kyūshū region)
38 New Britain 35,145 13,570 Papua New Guinea (East New Britain Province and West New Britain Province)
39 Taiwan (main island) 34,507 13,323 Taiwan[Note 35]
40 Prince of Wales Island 33,339[15] 12,872 Canada (Nunavut)
41 Yuzhny Island (southern Novaya Zemlya) 33,246 12,836 Russia (Arkhangelsk)
42 Hainan (main island) 33,210 12,820 China (Hainan Province)
43 Vancouver Island 31,285[15] 12,079 Canada (British Columbia)
44 Timor 28,418 10,972 East Timor
Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
45 Sicily 25,711[20] 9,927 Italy (Sicily)

Islands 10,000–25,000 km2 (3,900–9,700 sq mi)[edit]

Rank Island Area [11] Nation(s) (subnational divisions)
(km2) (sq mi)
46 Somerset Island 24,786[15] 9,570 Canada (Nunavut)
47 Kotelny Island 24,000 9,300 Russia (Sakha)
48 Sardinia 23,949 9,247 Italy (Sardinia)
49 Bananal[Note 36] 20,000[18] 7,398 Brazil (Tocantins)
50 Shikoku 18,296[16] 7,064 Japan (Shikoku region)
51 Halmahera 18,040 6,970 Indonesia (North Maluku)
52 Seram 17,454 6,739 Indonesia (Maluku)
53 Grande Terre 16,648 6,428

France (New Caledonia sui generis collectivity)

54 Bathurst Island 16,042[15] 6,194 Canada (Nunavut)
55 Prince Patrick Island 15,848[15] 6,119 Canada (Northwest Territories)
56 Thurston Island 15,700[18] 6,100 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
57 Nordaustlandet 14,467[19] 5,586 Norway (Svalbard)
58 Sumbawa 14,386 5,554 Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
59 October Revolution Island 14,204 5,484 Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
60 Flores 14,154 5,465 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
61 King William Island 13,111[15] 5,062 Canada (Nunavut)
62 Negros 13,075 5,048 Philippines (Western Visayas and Central Visayas)
63 Samar 12,849 4,961 Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
64 Palawan 12,189 4,706 Philippines (Mimaropa)
65 Panay 12,011 4,637 Philippines (Western Visayas)
66 Yos Sudarso (Dolak) 11,742 4,534 Indonesia (Papua)
67 Bangka 11,413 4,407 Indonesia (Bangka Belitung Islands)
68 Ellef Ringnes Island 11,295[15] 4,361 Canada (Nunavut)
69 Bolshevik Island 11,206 4,327 Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
70 Jamaica (main island) 11,190 4,320 Jamaica
71 Bylot Island 11,067[15] 4,273 Canada (Nunavut)
72 Sumba 10,711 4,136 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
73 Mindoro 10,572 4,082 Philippines (Mimaropa)
74 Viti Levu 10,531 4,066 Fiji (Central Division and Western Division)
75 Hawaiʻi (Big Island) 10,434 4,029 United States (Hawaii)
76 Cape Breton Island 10,311[15] 3,981 Canada (Nova Scotia)

Islands 5,000–10,000 km2 (1,900–3,900 sq mi)[edit]

Rank Island Area [11] Nation(s) (subnational divisions)
(km2) (sq mi)
77 Prince Charles Island 9,521[15] 3,676 Canada (Nunavut)
78 Bougainville Island 9,318 3,598 Papua New Guinea (Autonomous Region of Bougainville)
79 Kodiak Island 9,311 3,595[21] United States (Alaska)
80 Cyprus (main island) 9,234 3,565 Cyprus, Akrotiri and Dhekelia Sovereign Base Areas of the United Kingdom and Northern Cyprus[Note 37]
81 Puerto Rico (main island) 8,868[22] 3,424 Puerto Rico insular area of the United States
82 Komsomolets Island 8,812 3,402 Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
83 Corsica 8,741 3,375 France (Corsica)
84 Disko Island 8,612 3,325 Kingdom of Denmark (Greenland)
85 Carney Island 8,500[18] 3,300 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
86 Chiloé Island 8,478 3,273 Chile (Los Lagos Region)
87 Buru 8,473 3,271 Indonesia (Maluku)
88 Crete 8,350 3,220 Greece (Crete)
89 Anticosti Island 7,941[15] 3,066 Canada (Quebec)
90 Bahr al Jabal Island 7,929 3,061 South Sudan
91 Roosevelt Island 7,910 3,050 None (Antarctic territorial claim by New Zealand). Status as an island is disputed.
92 Wrangel Island (Vrangelya) 7,866 3,037 Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
93 Tupinambarana (western part) 7,700 3,000 Brazil (Amazonas) (if taken as one fluvial island)
94 New Ireland 7,405 2,859 Papua New Guinea (New Ireland Province)
95 Leyte 7,368 2,845 Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
96 East Falkland 7,040 2,720 Falkland Islands (a British Overseas Territory administered by the United Kingdom and disputed by Argentina[Note 38])
97 Zealand 7,031[23] 2,715 Kingdom of Denmark (Denmark proper) / Denmark (Zealand and Capital Region)
98 Cornwallis Island 6,995[15] 2,701 Canada (Nunavut)
99 Prince of Wales Island 6,675 2,577 United States (Alaska)
100 Grande Terre (Kerguelen) 6,617 2,555 France (French Southern and Antarctic Lands overseas territory)
101 Siple Island 6,390 2,470 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
102 Graham Island 6,361[15] 2,456 Canada (British Columbia)
103 New Siberia (Novaya Sibir) 6,201 2,394 Russia (Sakha Republic)
104 Melville Island 5,765 2,226 Australia (Northern Territory)
105 Prince Edward Island 5,620[15] 2,170 Canada (Prince Edward Island)
106 Vanua Levu 5,587 2,157 Fiji (Northern Division)
107 Wellington Island 5,556 2,145 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
108 Coats Island 5,498[15] 2,123 Canada (Nunavut)
109 Bali 5,416 2,091 Indonesia (Bali)
110 Chichagof Island 5,388 2,080 United States (Alaska)
111 Guadalcanal 5,353 2,067 Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal Province and Capital Territory)
112 Amund Ringnes Island 5,255[15] 2,029 Canada (Nunavut)
113 Bolshoy Lyakhovsky Island 5,157 1,991 Russia (Sakha Republic)
114 St. Lawrence Island 5,135 1,983 United States (Alaska)
115 Riesco Island 5,110[24] 1,970 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
116 Edgeøya 5,073[19] 1,959 Norway (Svalbard)
117 Mackenzie King Island 5,048[15] 1,949 Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
118 Trinidad 5,009 1,934 Trinidad and Tobago
119 Caviana 5,000[24] 1,900 Brazil (Pará)

Islands 2,500–5,000 km2 (970–1,930 sq mi)[edit]

Rank Island Area [11] Nation(s) (subnational divisions)
(km2) (sq mi)
120 Kolguyev Island 4,968 1,918 Russia (Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
121 Gurupá 4,864[24] 1,878 Brazil (Pará)
122 Isabela Island 4,711 1,819 Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
123 North Jutlandic Island (Vendsyssel-Thy) 4,685[23] 1,809 Kingdom of Denmark (Denmark proper) / Denmark (North Denmark; physically part of the Jutland peninsula until 1825)
124 Lombok 4,625 1,786 Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
125 West Falkland 4,531 1,749 Falkland Islands (a British overseas territory administered by the United Kingdom and disputed by Argentina[Note 38])
126 Belitung 4,478 1,729 Indonesia (Bangka-Belitung Islands)
127 Cebu 4,468 1,725 Philippines (Central Visayas)
128 Adelaide Island 4,463 1,723 None (Antarctic territorial claims by Argentina Chile and United Kingdom)
129 Stefansson Island 4,463[15] 1,723 Canada (Nunavut)
130 Madura Island 4,429 1,710 Indonesia (East Java)
131 Buton 4,408 1,702 Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
132 Kangaroo Island 4,374 1,689 Australia (South Australia)
133 Admiralty Island 4,362 1,684 United States (Alaska)
134 Nunivak Island 4,209[24] 1,625 United States (Alaska)
135 Unimak Island 4,119 1,590 United States (Alaska)
136 Hoste Island 4,117[24] 1,590 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
137 Spaatz Island 4,100[24] 1,600 None (Antarctic territorial claims by Chile and United Kingdom)
138 Baranof Island 4,065 1,570 United States (Alaska)
139 Nias 4,048 1,563 Indonesia (North Sumatra)
140 Espiritu Santo 3,956 1,527 Vanuatu (Sanma Province)
141 Milne Land 3,913 1,511 Kingdom of Denmark (Greenland)
142 Malaita 3,836 1,481 Solomon Islands (Malaita Province)
143 Siberut 3,829 1,478 Indonesia (West Sumatra)
144 Bohol 3,821 1,475 Philippines (Central Visayas)
145 South Georgia 3,718 1,436 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands part of the British Overseas Territories territories under sovereignty of the United Kingdom
146 Euboea 3,707 1,431 Greece (Central Greece)
147 Santa Inés Island 3,688 1,424 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
148 Mallorca 3,667 1,416 Spain (Balearic Islands)
149 Santa Isabel Island 3,665 1,415 Solomon Islands (Isabel Province)
150 Long Island 3,629[24] 1,401 United States (New York)
151 Socotra 3,607 1,393 Yemen (Socotra Governorate)
152 Wetar 3,600[24] 1,400 Indonesia (Maluku)
153 Tupinambarana (northern part) 3,600 1,400 Brazil (Amazonas)
154 Traill Island 3,542 1,368 Kingdom of Denmark (Greenland)
155 Bear Island 3,500[24] 1,400 None (Antarctic territorial claims by Argentina Chile and United Kingdom)
156 North Andros Island 3,439 1,328 Bahamas (North Andros and Central Andros)
157 Rothschild Island 3,338 (est) 1,289 None (Antarctic territorial claims by Argentina Chile and United Kingdom)
158 Vaygach Island 3,329 1,285 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
159 Smyley Island 3,287 (est) 1,269 None (Antarctic territorial claims by Chile and United Kingdom)
160 Masbate Island 3,268[24] 1,262 Philippines (Bicol Region)
161 Makira (San Cristóbal) 3,190 1,230 Solomon Islands (Makira-Ulawa Province)
162 Etorofu Island/Iturup 3,167[16] 1,223 Territorial dispute initially part of Japan (Hokkaidō region and prefecture) then claimed by Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
163 Mansel Island 3,180[15] 1,230 Canada (Nunavut)
164 Yamdena 3,100[24] 1,200 Indonesia (Maluku)
165 Waigeo 3,060[24] 1,180 Indonesia (West Papua)
166 Akimiski Island 3,001[15] 1,159 Canada (Nunavut)
167 Gotland 2,994[25] 1,156 Sweden (Gotland)
168 Funen 2,985[23] 1,153 Kingdom of Denmark (Denmark proper) / Denmark (Southern Denmark)
169 Choiseul Island 2,971 1,147 Solomon Islands (Choiseul Province)
170 Revillagigedo Island 2,965 1,145 United States (Alaska)
171 Taliabu 2,913 1,125 Indonesia (North Maluku)
172 Muna Island 2,889 1,115 Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
173 Zemlya Georga 2,821 1,089 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
174 Kupreanof Island 2,813 1,086 United States (Alaska)
175 Borden Island 2,794[15] 1,079 Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
176 North Andaman Island 2,781 1,074 India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
177 Manitoulin Island 2,766[26] 1,068 Canada (Ontario) (world's largest freshwater lake island)
178 Unalaska Island 2,722 1,051 United States (Alaska)
179 Saaremaa 2,672 1,032 Estonia (Saaremaa)
180 Moresby Island 2,608[15] 1,007 Canada (British Columbia)
181 James Ross Island 2,598 1,003 None (Antarctic territorial claims by Argentina Chile and United Kingdom)
182 Obira 2,542 981 Indonesia (North Maluku)
183 Réunion (main island) 2,535 979 France (Réunion overseas department)

Islands 1,000–2,500 km2 (390–970 sq mi)[edit]

This section of the list might not be complete but covers almost all of the islands in the world over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi). The area of some Antarctic islands is uncertain.

Rank Island Area [11] Nation(s) (subnational divisions)
(km2) (sq mi)
184 Navarino Island 2,473[citation needed] 955 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
185 Paramushir 2,471[24] 954 Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
186 Ross Island 2,460[24] 950 None (Antarctic territorial claim by New Zealand)
187 Ymer Island 2,437 941 Kingdom of Denmark (Greenland)
188 Anvers Island 2,432 939 None (Antarctic territorial claims by Argentina Chile and United Kingdom)
189 Karaginsky Island 2,404[citation needed] 928 Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
190 Cornwall Island 2,358[15] 910 Canada (Nunavut)
191 Peleng 2,346 906 Indonesia (Central Sulawesi)
192 Uarini Island 2,339 903 Brazil (Amazonas)
193 Groote Eylandt 2,285 882 Australia (Northern Territory)
194 Yapen 2,278 880 Indonesia (Papua)
195 Morotai 2,266 875 Indonesia (North Maluku)
196 Princess Royal Island 2,251[15] 869 Canada (British Columbia)
197 Isla de la Juventud 2,237 864 Cuba (Isla de la Juventud)
198 Wilczek Land 2,203[citation needed] 851 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
199 Hinnøya 2,198[19] 849 Norway (Nordland and Troms)
200 Nelson Island 2,183[27] 843 United States (Alaska)
201 Boven Digul 2,171 838 Indonesia (South Papua)
202 Richards Island 2,165[15] 836 Canada (Northwest Territories)
203 Trangan 2,149 830 Indonesia (Maluku)
204 Alor Island 2,120 820 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
205 Margarita Island 2,100 810 Colombia (an inland fluvial island in the Magdalena River not to be confused with the Caribbean Venezuelan island)
206 Lewis and Harris 2,086 805 United Kingdom (Scotland)
207 Laut Island 2,057 794 Indonesia (South Kalimantan)
208 Malakula 2,041 788 Vanuatu (Malampa Province)
209 New Georgia 2,037 786 Solomon Islands (Western Province)
210 Misool 2,034 785 Indonesia (West Papua)
211 Magdalena Island 2,025 782 Chile (Aysén Region)
212 René-Levasseur Island 2,020[26] 780 Canada (Quebec) (largest artificial island)
213 Tenerife 2,008 775 Spain (Canary Islands)
214 Krasnoslobodsk 2,002 773 Russia (Volgograd Oblast)
215 Ayon 2,000[citation needed] 770 Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
216 Kuiu 1,962 758 United States (Alaska)
217 Manus 1,940 750 Papua New Guinea (Manus Province)
218 Bioko 1,935 747 Equatorial Guinea (Bioko Norte Province and Bioko Sur Province)
219 Biak 1,904 735 Indonesia (Papua)
220 Maui 1,903 735 United States (Hawaii)
221 Bacan 1,900 730 Indonesia (North Maluku)
222 Žitný ostrov 1,886[citation needed] 728 Slovakia (Bratislava Region Trnava Region and Nitra Region)
223 Mauritius (main island) 1,874 724 Mauritius
224 K'gari (Fraser Island) 1,840[28] 710 Australia (Queensland) (world's largest sand island)
225 Jeju Island 1,826[29] 705 South Korea (Jeju Province)
226 Stewart Island/Rakiura 1,815 701 New Zealand (Southland)
227 Bely Island 1,810 700 Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
228 Afognak 1,809 698 United States (Alaska)
229 Umnak 1,793 692 United States (Alaska)
230 Bolshoy Shantar Island 1,766 682 Russia (Khabarovsk Krai)
231 Bolshoy Begichev Island 1,764 681 Russia (Sakha Republic)
232 Simeulue 1,754 677 Indonesia (Aceh)
233 Kobroor 1,723 665 Indonesia (Maluku)
234 Air Force Island 1,720[15] 660 Canada (Nunavut)
235 Natuna Besar 1,720[citation needed] 660 Indonesia (Riau Islands)
236 Savai'i 1,718 663 Samoa (Fa'asaleleaga Gaga'emauga Gaga'ifomauga Vaisigano Satupa'itea and Palauli)
237 Geographical Society Island 1,717 663 Kingdom of Denmark (Greenland)
238 Bathurst Island 1,692 653 Australia (Northern Territory)
239 Bering Island 1,660[citation needed] 640 Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
240 Skye 1,659 641 United Kingdom (Scotland)
241 Lesbos 1,641 634 Greece (North Aegean)
242 Soisalo 1,635[30] 631 Finland (Northern Savonia and Southern Savonia)
243 Fuerteventura 1,633 631 Spain (Canary Islands)
244 Salawati 1,623 627 Indonesia (West Papua)
245 Great Inagua 1,615 624 Bahamas (Inagua)
246 Joinville Island 1,607 620 None (Antarctic territorial claims by Argentina Chile and United Kingdom)
247 Tanahbesar (Wokam) 1,604 619 Indonesia (Maluku)
248 Rantau 1,598 617 Indonesia (Riau)
249 Senja 1,590[19] 610 Norway (Troms)
250 Flaherty Island 1,585[15] 612 Canada (Nunavut)
251 Oahu 1,583 611 United States (Hawaii)
252 Fletcher Island 1,580 (est) 610 None (Antarctic territorial claims by Australia)
253 Zanzibar (Unguja) 1,575 608 Tanzania (Unguja North Region Unguja South Region and Mjini Magharibi Region)
254 Graham Bell Island 1,557 601 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
255 Eglinton Island 1,541[15] 595 Canada (Northwest Territories)
256 Middle Andaman Island 1,536[29] 593 India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
257 Clavering Island 1,535 593 Kingdom of Denmark (Greenland)
258 Gran Canaria 1,530 590 Spain (Canary Islands)
259 Pioneer Island 1,527 590 Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
260 Catanduanes 1,523 588 Philippines (Bicol Region)
261 Hatiya Island 1,508 582 Bangladesh (Chittagong Division)
262 Charcot Island 1,500[citation needed] 580 None (Antarctic territorial claims by Chile and United Kingdom)
263 Rupat 1,490 580 Indonesia (Riau)
264 Kunashiri Island/Kunashir Island 1,489[16] 575 Territorial dispute initially part of Japan (Hokkaidō region and prefecture) then claimed by Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
265 Qeshm 1,488 575 Iran (Hormozgan Province)
266 Letea Island 1,480 570 Romania
267 Nares Land 1,466 566 Kingdom of Denmark (Greenland
268 Camargue 1,453 561 France (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur)
269 South Andros Island 1,448 559 Bahamas (South Andros)
270 Bhola Island 1,441[citation needed] 556 Bangladesh (Barisal Division)
271 Fergusson Island 1,437 555 Papua New Guinea (Milne Bay Province)
272 Urup 1,437 555 Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
273 Copper Island 1,435[citation needed] 554 United States (Michigan), did not exist until dredging in the 1860s
274 Kauai 1,435 554 United States (Hawaii)
275 São Luís Island 1,410[31] 540 Brazil (Maranhão)
276 Rhodes 1,410 540 Greece (South Aegean)
277 King George Island 1,384 534 None (Antarctic territorial claims by Argentina Chile and United Kingdom)
278 Graham Island 1,378[15] 532 Canada (Nunavut)
279 Pitt Island 1,375[15] 531 Canada (British Columbia)
280 Nottingham Island 1,372[15] 530 Canada (Nunavut)
281 Chongming Island 1,370[32] 530 China (Shanghai Municipality)
282 Desolación Island 1,352 522 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
283 Ramree Island 1,350[29] 520 Myanmar (Rakhine State)
284 Flinders Island 1,330 510 Australia (Tasmania)
285 Öland 1,347[25] 520 Sweden (Kalmar)
286 Lougheed Island 1,308[15] 505 Canada (Nunavut)
287 Dawson Island 1,290 500 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
288 Barentsøya (Barents) 1,288[33] 497 Norway (Svalbard)
289 Lembata (Lomblen) 1,270 490 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
290 Basilan 1,266 489 Philippines (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao and Zamboanga Peninsula)
291 Shannon Island 1,259 486 Kingdom of Denmark (Greenland)
292 Mill Island 1,258 486 None (Antarctic territorial claim by Australia)
293 Morfil 1,250 480 Senegal (Saint-Louis Region)
294 Lolland 1,243[23] 480 Kingdom of Denmark (Denmark proper) / Denmark (Zealand)
295 Mangole 1,229 475 Indonesia (North Maluku)
296 New Hanover Island (Lavongai) 1,227 474 Papua New Guinea (New Ireland Province)
297 Rote Island 1,227 474 Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
298 South Andaman Island 1,211 468 India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
299 Okinawa Island 1,208[16] 466 Japan (Ryukyu Islands Okinawa Prefecture and Kyushu region of Japan)
300 Södertörn 1,207[34] 466 Sweden (Stockholm) (unclear about if it is a true island, because the Södertälje Canal is built where it was a small waterway before[35])
301 Oleniy Island 1,197 462 Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
302 Tiburón Island 1,190 460 Mexico (Sonora)
303 Campana Island 1,188 459 Chile (Aisén Region)
304 Bintan Island 1,173 453 Indonesia (Riau Islands)
305 Martinique 1,167 451 France (Martinique overseas department)
306 Aracena Island 1,164 449 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
307 Sherman Island 1,159 447 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
308 Byam Martin Island 1,150[15] 440 Canada (Nunavut)
309 Great Abaco 1,146 442 Bahamas (North Abaco Central Abaco and South Abaco)
310 Lifou Island 1,146 442 France (New Caledonia special collectivity)
311 Wales Island 1,137[15] 439 Canada (Nunavut)
312 Île Vanier 1,126[15] 435 Canada (Nunavut)
313 Upolu 1,125 434 Samoa (Tuamasaga A'ana Aiga-i-le-Tai Atua Va'a-o-Fonoti and Gaga'emauga)
314 King Island 1,121 433 Australia (Tasmania)
315 Clarence Island 1,111 429 Chile (Magallanes Region)
316 Padang Island 1,109 428 Indonesia (Riau)
317 Grand Bahama 1,096 423 Bahamas (East Grand Bahama West Grand Bahama and Freeport)
318 Alexandra Land (Zemlya Aleksandry) 1,095 423 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
319 Rowley Island 1,090[15] 420 Canada (Nunavut)
320 Tahiti 1,069 413 France (French Polynesia overseas collectivity)
321 Sääminginsalo 1,069[30] 413 Finland (Southern Savonia) (not a true island because it is detached from the mainland by an artificial canal)
322 Serrano Island 1,063 410 Chile (Aisén Region)
323 Atka Island 1,061 410 United States (Alaska)
324 Cameron Island 1,059[15] 409 Canada (Nunavut)
325 Zhongshan Island 1,055 407 China (Guangdong)
326 Gallya (Hall Island) 1,049 405 Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
327 Madre de Dios Island 1,043 403 Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
328 Normanby Island 1,040 400 Papua New Guinea (Milne Bay Province)
329 Hiiumaa 1,031 398 Estonia (Hiiumaa)
330 Margarita Island 1,020 390 Venezuela (Nueva Esparta)
331 Resolution Island 1,015[15] 392 Canada (Nunavut)
332 Grande Comore 1,013 391 Comoros (Grande Comore)
333 Mornington Island 1,002[citation needed] 387 Australia (Queensland)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The United States Geological Survey is a notable exception. The United States-based scientific agency considers all landmasses surrounded by ocean water, including continental mainlands, as islands. Under their definition, Africa, Australia, Eurasia, North America, and South America are classified as continental mainland islands.[1]
  2. ^ Physiographically, there are only four continents (including offshore continental islands which sit on the nearby continental shelves) that are completely surrounded by water: Afro-Eurasia (57% of the global land area), the Americas (28.5%), Antarctica (9%), and Australia (5%). The remaining 0.5% is made up of remote oceanic islands, mostly scattered within Oceania in the central and south Pacific Ocean.[2]
  3. ^ Including landmasses which are above water and over 2,500,000 km2 (970,000 sq mi). The submerged continent of Zealandia (approx. 5,000,000 km2 (1,900,000 sq mi)) is excluded.[3]
  4. ^ Figure derived from the Global Islands Explorer website, by adding the areas of mainland Africa (29,370,907 km2 (11,340,171 sq mi)) and mainland Eurasia (50,439,819 km2 (19,474,923 sq mi)).
  5. ^ Egypt has a small portion of its land located on mainland Eurasia. Equatorial Guinea's capital city is located on an island.
  6. ^ Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and Turkey each have a small portion of their land located on continental Europe. Malaysia has a significant portion of its land located on an island.
  7. ^ Russia has a big portion of its land located on continental Asia. Denmark's capital city is located on an island.
  8. ^ 48 countries on mainland Africa[Note 5] and 78 countries on mainland Eurasia (38 countries on continental Asia[Note 6] and 40 countries on continental Europe[Note 7]).
  9. ^ Abkhazia and South Ossetia are both located south of the Greater Caucasus watershed and thus geographically parts of Asia.
  10. ^ Two states on mainland Africa and five states on mainland Eurasia (three states on continental Asia[Note 9] and two states on continental Europe).
  11. ^ Figure derived from the Global Islands Explorer website, by adding the areas of mainland North America (20,090,075 km2 (7,756,821 sq mi)) and mainland South America (17,609,548 km2 (6,799,084 sq mi)).
  12. ^ Depending on the definition, a significant portion of Panama (land east of the Panama Canal) could be considered a part of mainland South America.
  13. ^ Ten countries on mainland North America[Note 12] and twelve countries on mainland South America.
  14. ^ An overseas department and region of France, located on mainland South America.
  15. ^ Antarctica is a special case, for if its ice is considered not as land, but as water, it is not a single landmass, but several landmasses of much smaller area, since the ice-bedrock boundary is below sea level in many regions of the continent.[4] If its ice cover were to be lifted, some rocks that are currently below sea level would rise as the weight of the ice would be removed,[5] although this would in part be counteracted, and in some areas of the continent overtaken, by eustatic rises in sea level.[6]
  16. ^ Area of mainland Antarctica, without the ice shelves and nearby islands.[7]
  17. ^ All territorial claims in Antarctica are in abeyance under the Antarctic Treaty System.
  18. ^ 7 countries have made 7 territorial claims.[Note 17]
  19. ^ Mainland Australia is more than three times the size of Greenland, the largest island.[8] Australia is sometimes dubbed "The Island Continent" or "Earth's largest island, but its smallest continent".[9]
  20. ^ Figure derived from the Geoscience Australia website, the area of mainland Tasmania (64,519 km2 (24,911 sq mi)) has been deducted.[10] The Global Islands Explorer website has given a slightly larger figure of 7,618,696 km2 (2,941,595 sq mi) for the area of mainland Australia.
  21. ^ The largest island in the world.
  22. ^ The largest island in the Eastern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. The largest divided island in the world.
  23. ^ The largest island in Asia. The only island shared by three UN member states.
  24. ^ The largest island in Africa.
  25. ^ The largest island in the Arctic Archipelago.
  26. ^ The largest island in Europe.
  27. ^ The largest island in the Caribbean.
  28. ^ The largest volcanic island in the world.
  29. ^ The largest uninhabited island in the world.
  30. ^ The largest island in Antarctica.
  31. ^ Antarctic territorial claims by Argentina (partial), Chile, and the United Kingdom.
  32. ^ The largest island in South America.
  33. ^ Antarctic territorial claims by Argentina (partial), Chile, and the United Kingdom.
  34. ^ Located at the mouth of the Amazon River, Marajó is the world's largest fluvial island.
  35. ^ Claimed by the People's Republic of China.
  36. ^ The world's largest river island and the largest island surrounded entirely by fresh water.
  37. ^ The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus claims and controls one third of the island of Cyprus although this is not recognised by any country except Turkey.
  38. ^ a b A dispute exists between the governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom concerning the sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. The disputed territory is described as "Falkland Islands (Malvinas)" by the United Nations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ USGS – Global Islands Explorer
  2. ^ Stephen Hawking; Lucy Hawking (9 January 2020). "Earth: What's It Made Of?". Unlocking the Universe. p. 62. ISBN 9780241418864.
  3. ^ GNS Science – Earth's 8th Continent
  4. ^ 3D visualisations of the Earth2014 SUR, BED, TBI and RET topography layers over the Southern Hemisphere, centred to Antarctica
  5. ^ Global warming and the stability of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, Michael Oppenheimer, 1998 (see map of Antarctica showing regions where bedrock is below sea level)
  6. ^ Jonathan L. Bamber; River; Vermeersen; LeBrocq (May 2009). "Reassessment of the Potential Sea-Level Rise from a Collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet". Science. 324 (59295): 901–903. Bibcode:2009Sci...324..901B. doi:10.1126/science.1169335. PMID 19443778. S2CID 11083712.
  7. ^ "Antarctica in Context" (PDF). Landsat Image Mosaic Of Antarctica. United States Geological Survey.
  8. ^ a b "Joshua Calder's World Island Info – Continent or Island?". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  9. ^ "Australia in Brief - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Dfat.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2003-08-20. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
  10. ^ "Area of Australia – States and Territories". Geoscience Australia. 15 May 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  11. ^ a b c d e f "Islands By Land Area". Islands.unep.ch. Archived from the original on 2022-12-07. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  12. ^ Island Superlatives
  13. ^ Ganeri, Anita (2014). Island Life. Raintree. p. 43. ISBN 9781406249453.
  14. ^ Europa Publications, ed. (2003). Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Psychology Press. p. 629. ISBN 9781857431834.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au "Sea Islands". Atlas of Canada. 2009-08-12. Archived from the original on 2013-01-22. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g "The Geospatial Information Authority of Japan (GSI)". 2023-07-01. Retrieved 2023-10-23.
  17. ^ Nolan, Professor William. "Geography of Ireland". Government of Ireland. Archived from the original on 2009-11-24. Retrieved 2009-11-11.
  18. ^ a b c d e "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of the World". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  19. ^ a b c d e "Statistisk årbok 2009: Geografisk oversikt" (in Norwegian). Ssb.no. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  20. ^ Popescu, Gabriel (2015). Agricultural Management Strategies in a Changing Economy. IGI Global. p. 310. ISBN 9781466675223.
  21. ^ Dunham, Mike (July 31, 2010). "Turns out Kodiak is largest U.S. island depending on viewpoint". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on August 2, 2010. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
  22. ^ "State Area Measurements and Internal Point Coordinates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 24 February 2024.
  23. ^ a b c d "Kort & Matrikelstyrelsen - Střrste řer". 2003-09-23. Retrieved 2010-08-01.[permanent dead link]
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of the World by Region". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  25. ^ a b Öar i Sverige Islands in Sweden
  26. ^ a b "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Lake Islands of the World". Worldislandinfo.com. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  27. ^ The Essential Desk Reference. Oxford University Press. 2002. p. 279. ISBN 9780195128734.
  28. ^ World Heritage Places - K'gari
  29. ^ a b c "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of Selected Countries". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  30. ^ a b "Suomen suurimmat saaret". Kauko Huotari. Archived from the original on 2010-04-12. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  31. ^ Upaon-Açu ("São Luis") island (in Portuguese), 2021-03-30, retrieved 2022-11-25
  32. ^ "崇明概况". 上海市崇明区人民政府. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  33. ^ "Svalbard Statistics 2005" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  34. ^ "De 50 största öarna". Archived from the original on 2014-12-13.
  35. ^ "Om öar - Statistiska centralbyrån". Archived from the original on 2014-12-30.

Citations[edit]

External links[edit]