List of largest producing countries of agricultural commodities

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Production (and consumption) of agricultural plant commodities has a diverse geographical distribution. Along with climate and corresponding types of vegetation, the economy of a nation also influences the level of agricultural production. Production of some products is highly concentrated in a few countries while other are widely produced. For instance, China, the leading producer of wheat and ramie in 2013, produces 6% of the world's ramie fiber but only 17% of the world's wheat. Products with more evenly distributed production see more frequent changes in ranking of the top producers.

The major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels, and raw materials.

Produce types[edit]

Cereal[edit]

As of 2016, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations:[1]

Cereal First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Barley  Russia  Germany  France  Ukraine  Australia
Buckwheat  Russia  China  Ukraine  France  Poland
Maize (corn)  United States  China  Brazil  Argentina  Mexico
Millet  India  Niger  China  Mali  Nigeria
Oats  Russia  Canada  Australia  Poland  Finland
Rice, paddy  China  India  Indonesia  Bangladesh  Vietnam
Rye  Germany  Russia  Poland  Belarus  Denmark
Sorghum  United States  Nigeria  Sudan  Mexico  Ethiopia
Triticale  Poland  Germany  Belgium  France  Russia
Wheat  China  India  Russia  United States  Canada

Vegetables[edit]

As of 2016, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations:[1]

Vegetable First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Lettuce and chicory  China  United States  India  Spain  Italy
Dry Bean  Myanmar  India  Brazil  United States  Tanzania
Onion (dry)  China  India  Egypt  United States  Iran
Cabbage and other brassicas  China  India  Russia  South Korea  Ukraine
Green bean  China  Indonesia  India  Turkey  Thailand
Chickpea  India  Australia  Myanmar  Ethiopia  Turkey
Pulses (total)  India  Poland  Mozambique  United Kingdom  Pakistan
Cauliflowers and Broccoli  China  United States  India  Spain  Mexico
Eggplant  China  India  Egypt  Turkey  Iran
Potato  China  India  Russia  Ukraine  United States
Spinach  China  United States  Japan  Turkey  Indonesia
Cassava (yuca)  Nigeria  Thailand  Brazil  Indonesia  Ghana
Soybean  United States  Brazil  Argentina  India  China
Carrots and turnips  China  Uzbekistan  Russia  United States  Ukraine
Cucumber  China  Russia  Turkey  Iran  Ukraine
Ginger  India  Nigeria  China  Indonesia    Nepal
Pumpkin, squash and gourd  China  India  Russia  Ukraine  United States
Rapeseed  Canada  China  India  France  Germany
Safflower  Russia  Kazakhstan  Mexico  United States  Turkey
Yams  Nigeria  Ghana  Ivory Coast  Benin  Togo
Sugar cane  Brazil  India  China  Thailand  Pakistan
Sweet potato  China  Nigeria  Tanzania  Indonesia  Uganda
Sesame  Tanzania  Myanmar  India  China  Sudan
Okra  India  Nigeria  Sudan  Mali  Pakistan

Fruits[edit]

As of 2016, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations:[1]

Fruit First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Apricot  Turkey  Uzbekistan  Iran  Algeria  Italy
Olive  Spain  Greece  Italy  Turkey  Morocco
Pear  China  Argentina  United States  Italy  Turkey
Banana  India  China  Indonesia  Brazil  Ecuador
Mango, mangosteen, guava  India  China  Thailand  Mexico Template:???
Coconut  Indonesia  Philippines  India  Brazil  Sri Lanka
Fig  Turkey  Egypt  Algeria  Iran  Morocco
Grapes  China  Italy  United States  France  Spain
Oranges  Brazil  China  India  United States  Mexico
Papaya  India  Brazil  Mexico  Indonesia  Dominican Republic
Peach  China  Spain  Italy  United States  Iran
Apple  China  United States  Poland  Turkey  India
Pineapple  Costa Rica  Brazil  Philippines  India  Thailand
Gooseberry  Germany  Russia  Poland  Ukraine  United Kingdom
Lemon  India  Mexico  Argentina  China  Brazil
Raspberry  Russia  United States  Poland  Mexico  Serbia
Plum  China  Romania  Serbia  United States  Turkey
Strawberry  China  United States  Mexico  Egypt  Turkey
Blueberry  United States  Canada  Mexico  Poland  Germany
Kiwifruit  China  Italy  New Zealand  Iran  Chile
Currant  Russia  Poland  Ukraine  Germany  United Kingdom
Date  Egypt  Iran  Saudi Arabia  Algeria  United Arab Emirates
Cherry  Turkey  United States  Iran  Chile  Uzbekistan
Avocado  Mexico  Dominican Republic  Peru  Colombia  Indonesia
Tomato  China  India  United States  Turkey  Egypt
Quince  Uzbekistan  Turkey  China  Iran  Morocco
Watermelon  China  Turkey  Iran  Brazil  Uzbekistan

Dairy[edit]

As of 2016, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [2]

Product First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Milk (cow)  United States  India  China  Brazil  Germany
Milk (buffalo)  India  Pakistan  China  Egypt    Nepal
Milk (goat)  India  Sudan  Bangladesh  Pakistan  France
Milk (sheep)  China  Turkey  Greece  Syria  Romania
Milk (camel)  Somalia  Kenya  Mali  Ethiopia  Niger

Drinks[edit]

As of 2013, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [1]

Product First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Milk  India  United States  China  Pakistan  Brazil
Tea  China  India  Kenya  Sri Lanka  Vietnam
Coffee  Brazil  Vietnam  Colombia[3]  Indonesia  Ethiopia
Wine  Spain  Italy  France[4]  United States  Chile
Beer  China  United States  Brazil  Russia  Germany

Meat[edit]

As of 2014, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [2]

Product First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Chicken  Brazil  United States  China  Russia  Mexico
Beef  Brazil  United States  China  Argentina  Australia
Pork  China  United States  Germany  Spain  Vietnam
Sheep  China  Australia  New Zealand  Turkey  United Kingdom
Goat  China  India  Pakistan  Nigeria  Bangladesh
Turkey  United States  Brazil  Germany  France  Italy
Duck  China  France  Malaysia  Myanmar  Vietnam

Nuts[edit]

As of 2013, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [3]

Nut Largest Producer Second Largest Producer Third Largest Producer
Almond  United States  Australia  Spain
Cashew nut  Vietnam  Nigeria  India
Chestnut  China  South Korea  Turkey
Hazelnut  Turkey  Italy  United States
Peanut  China  India  Nigeria
Pistachio  Iran  United States  Turkey
Sheanut  Nigeria  Mali  Burkina Faso
Walnut  China  Iran  United States

Spices[edit]

As of 2013, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [4]

Spice Largest Producer Second Largest Producer
Black pepper  Vietnam  India
Chili pepper  India  China
Cinnamon  Indonesia  China
Cloves  Indonesia  Madagascar
Ginger  India  China
Nutmeg  Guatemala  Indonesia
Saffron  Iran  Spain
Vanilla  Madagascar  Indonesia

Others[edit]

As of 2013, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [5]

Product First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Cocoa  Ivory Coast  Ghana  Indonesia  Nigeria  Cameroon
Egg  China  United States  India  Japan  Mexico
Honey  China  Turkey  Argentina  Ukraine  Russia
Tobacco  China  Brazil  India  United States  Indonesia

Non-food products[edit]

Fibers[edit]

As of 2016, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.[5][6]

Fiber First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Abaca (manila)  Philippines  Ecuador  Costa Rica  Indonesia  Equatorial Guinea
Agave fibre  Colombia  Mexico  Nicaragua  Ecuador  Philippines
Cotton  India  China  United States  Pakistan  Brazil
Flax  France  Belgium  Belarus  Russia  China
Jute  India  Bangladesh  China  Uzbekistan    Nepal
Kapok (2012 data)  India  Thailand none reported none reported none reported
Ramie  China  Laos  Philippines  Brazil none reported
Rubber  Thailand  Indonesia  Vietnam  India  China
Silk  China  India  Uzbekistan  Thailand  Iran
Sisal  Brazil  Tanzania  Kenya  Madagascar  China
Wool  Australia  China  United States  New Zealand  Argentina

Forest products[edit]

As of 2013, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [6]

Wood and forest products First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Wood fuel1  India  China  Brazil  Ethiopia  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Sawnwood2  United States  China  Canada  Russia  Germany
Wood-based panels3  China  Russia  United States  Germany  Brazil
Paper and Paperboard4  China  United States  Japan  Germany  Sweden
Dissolving wood pulp5  United States  South Africa  Canada  Sweden  Austria

1Wood fuel includes all wood for fuel as firewood, wood pellets, and charcoal
2Sawnwood includes all sawn wood, dimensional lumber
3Wood-based panel includes all plywood, particleboard, fiberboard and veneer sheets
4Paper and Paperboard includes all paper, sanitary paper, and packaging materials
5Dissolving wood pulp includes cellulose extracted from wood for making synthetic fibres, cellulose plastic materials, lacquers and explosives[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "FAOSTAT". Fao.org. Retrieved 8 September 2018. 
  2. ^ "FAOSTAT". Fao.org. Retrieved 8 September 2018. 
  3. ^ Walton, Justin (14 September 2015). "The 5 Countries That Produce the Most Coffee". Investopedia.com. Retrieved 8 September 2018. 
  4. ^ "The world's biggest wine producers in 2018 including South Africa". Businesstech.co.za. Retrieved 8 September 2018. 
  5. ^ "FAOSTAT". Faostat3.fao.org. Retrieved 8 September 2018. 
  6. ^ "FAOSTAT". Faostat3.fao.org. Retrieved 8 September 2018. 
  7. ^ Forest Products Definitions, FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS, Statistics Division

References[edit]