List of largest producing countries of agricultural commodities

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Production (and consumption) of agricultural plant commodities has a diverse geographical distribution. Along with climate and corresponding types of vegetation, the economy of a nation also influences the level of agricultural production. Production of some products is highly concentrated in a few countriesnce, China, the leading producer of wheat and ramie in 2013, produces 6% of the world's ramie fiber but only 17% of the world's wheat. Products with more evenly distributed production see more frequent changes in ranking of the top producers.

The major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels, and raw materials.

Produce types[edit]

Cereal[edit]

As of 2018, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations:[1]

Cereal First Second Third
Barley  Russia  France  Germany
Buckwheat  China  Russia  France
Canary seeds  Canada  Thailand  Argentina
Fonio  Guinea  Nigeria  Mali
Maize (corn)  United States  Brazil  China
Millet  India  Niger  Sudan
Oats  Russia  Canada  Spain
Quinoa  Peru  Bolivia  Ecuador
Rice, paddy  China  India  Indonesia
Rye  Germany  Poland  Russia
Sorghum  United States  Nigeria  Sudan
Triticale  Poland  Germany  France
Wheat  China  India  Russia

Vegetables[edit]

As of 2017, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations:[1]

Vegetable First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Lettuce and chicory  Philippines  India  China  Spain  Italy
Lentil  Canada  India  Turkey
Dry Bean  India  Canada  Myanmar  China  Nigeria
Onion (dry)  China  India  Egypt  United States  Iran
Cabbage and other brassicas  China  India  Russia  South Korea  Ukraine
Green bean  China  Indonesia  India  Turkey  Thailand
Green pea  China  India  United States  France  Egypt
Chickpea  India  Australia  Myanmar  Ethiopia  Turkey
Pulses (total)  India  Poland  Mozambique  United Kingdom  Pakistan
Cauliflowers and Broccoli  China  India  United States  Spain  Mexico
Eggplant  China  India  Egypt  Turkey  Iran
Potato  China  India  Russia  Ukraine  United States
Spinach  China  United States  Japan  Turkey  Indonesia
Cassava (yuca)  Nigeria  Brazil  Thailand  Indonesia  Ghana
Soybean  Brazil  United States  Argentina  India  China
Carrots and turnips  China  Uzbekistan  Russia  United States  Ukraine
Cucumber  China  Russia  Turkey  Iran  Ukraine
Ginger  India  Nigeria  China  Indonesia    Nepal
Pumpkin, squash and gourd  China  India  Russia  Ukraine  United States
Rapeseed  Canada  China  India  France  Germany
Safflower  Kazakhstan  Russia  Mexico  United States  Turkey
Sunflower seed  Ukraine  Russia  Argentina  China  Romania
Yams  Nigeria  Ghana  Ivory Coast  Benin  Togo
Sugar cane  Brazil  India  Thailand  China  United States
Sweet potato  China  Nigeria  Tanzania  Indonesia  Uganda
Sesame  Tanzania  Myanmar  India  Nigeria  Sudan
Okra  India  Nigeria  Sudan  Mali  Pakistan

Fruits[edit]

As of 2018, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations:[1]

Fruit First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Apricot  Turkey  Uzbekistan  Iran  Algeria  Italy
Olive  Spain  Italy  Morocco  Turkey  Greece
Pear  China  United States  Italy  Argentina  Turkey
Banana  India  Brazil  China  Indonesia  Ecuador
Mango, mangosteen, guava  India  China  Thailand  Indonesia  Brazil
Coconut  Indonesia  Philippines  Brazil  India  Sri Lanka
Fig  Turkey  Egypt  Morocco  Algeria  Iran
Grapes  China  Italy  United States  Spain  France
Oranges  Brazil  China  India  United States  Mexico
Papaya  Brazil  India  Mexico  Dominican Republic  Indonesia
Peach  China  Italy  Greece  Spain  Turkey
Apple  China  United States  Poland  Turkey  Iran
Pineapple  Costa Rica  Brazil  Philippines  Thailand  Indonesia
Gooseberry  Germany  Russia  Poland  Ukraine  United Kingdom
Lemons and Lime  India  Mexico  Argentina  Brazil  China
Raspberry  Russia  Mexico  Serbia  Poland  United States
Plums and Sloes  China  Romania  Serbia  United States  Iran
Strawberry  China  United States  Mexico  Turkey  Egypt
Blueberry  United States  Canada  Peru  Spain  Mexico
Kiwifruit  China  Italy  New Zealand  Iran  Greece
Currant  Russia  Poland  Ukraine  Germany  United Kingdom
Date  Egypt  Saudi Arabia  Iran  Algeria  Iraq
Cherry  Turkey  United States  Uzbekistan  Chile  Iran
Avocado  Mexico  Dominican Republic  Peru  Indonesia  Colombia
Tomato  China  India  United States  Turkey  Egypt
Quince  Turkey  China  Uzbekistan  Iran  Morocco
Watermelon  China  Iran  Turkey  Brazil  India

Dairy[edit]

As of 2018, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [2]

Product First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Milk (cow)  United States  Brazil  Germany  India  China
Milk (buffalo)  India  Pakistan  China  Egypt    Nepal
Milk (goat)  India  Sudan  Bangladesh  Pakistan  France
Milk (sheep)  Turkey  China  Greece  Syria  Romania
Milk (camel)  Somalia  Kenya  Mali  Ethiopia  Saudi Arabia

Drinks[edit]

As of 2013, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations[3]

Product First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Milk  India  United States  China  Pakistan  Brazil
Tea  China  India  Kenya  Sri Lanka  Vietnam
Coffee  Brazil  Vietnam  Colombia[4]  Indonesia  Ethiopia
Wine  Spain  Italy  France[5]  United States  Chile
Beer  China  United States  Brazil  Russia  Germany

Meat[edit]

As of 2014, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations[6]

Product First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Chicken  Brazil  United States  China  Russia  Mexico
Beef  Brazil  United States  China  Argentina  Australia
Pork  China  United States  Germany  Spain  Brazil
Sheep  China  Australia  New Zealand  Turkey  United Kingdom
Goat  China  India  Pakistan  Nigeria  Bangladesh
Turkey  United States  Brazil  Germany  France  Italy
Duck  China  France  Malaysia  Myanmar  Vietnam

Nuts[edit]

As of 2017, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations[7]

Nut Largest Producer Second Largest Producer Third Largest Producer
Almond  United States  Australia  Spain
Cashew nut  Vietnam  India  Ivory Coast
Chestnut  China  South Korea  Turkey
Hazelnut  Turkey  Italy  United States
Peanut  China  India  United States
Pistachio  Iran  United States  Turkey
Sheanut  Nigeria  Mali  Burkina Faso
Walnut  China  Iran  United States

Spices[edit]

As of 2018, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations[8]

Spice First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Black pepper  Vietnam  Brazil  Indonesia  India  Bulgaria
Chili pepper  India  China  Ethiopia  Thailand  Pakistan
Cinnamon (canella)  Indonesia  China  Vietnam  Sri Lanka  Madagascar
Cloves  Indonesia  Madagascar  Tanzania  Sri Lanka  Comoros
Ginger  India  China  Nigeria    Nepal  Indonesia
Nutmeg, mace, cardamoms  Guatemala  Indonesia  India    Nepal  Sri Lanka
Vanilla  Madagascar  Indonesia  Mexico  Papua New Guinea  China
Garlic  China  India  Bangladesh  South Korea  Egypt

Others[edit]

As of 2018, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations[9]

Product First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Cocoa  Ivory Coast  Ghana  Indonesia  Nigeria  Cameroon
Egg, hen, in shell  China  United States  India  Japan  Russia
Egg, other birds, in shell  China  Thailand  Indonesia  Brazil  Bangladesh
Honey, natural  China  United States  Turkey  Argentina  Ukraine
Tobacco  China  Brazil  India  United States  Indonesia

Non-food products[edit]

Fibers[edit]

As of 2018, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.[10][11]

Fiber First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Abaca (manila)  Philippines  Ecuador  Costa Rica  Indonesia  Equatorial Guinea
Agave fibre  Colombia  Mexico  Nicaragua  Ecuador  Philippines
Bast fibre  India  Russia  China  Cuba  Chile
Cotton  China  India  United States  Brazil  Pakistan
Flax  France  Belgium  Belarus  Russia  China
Jute  India  Bangladesh  China  Uzbekistan    Nepal
Kapok  Indonesia  Thailand
Ramie  China  Laos  Brazil  Taiwan  Philippines
Rubber  Thailand  Indonesia  Vietnam  India  China
Silk  China  India  Uzbekistan  Iran  Thailand
Sisal  Brazil  Tanzania  Kenya  Madagascar  China
Wool  China  Australia  New Zealand  United Kingdom  Turkey

Forest products[edit]

As of 2018, FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations[12]

Wood and forest products First Second Third Fourth Fifth
Wood fuel1  India  Brazil  China  Ethiopia  Dominican Republic
Sawnwood2  China  United States  Canada  Russia  Germany
Wood-based panels3  China  United States  Russia  Germany  Canada
Paper and Paperboard4  China  United States  Japan  Germany  India
Dissolving wood pulp5  China  Brazil  United States  South Africa  Canada

1Wood fuel includes all wood for fuel as firewood, wood pellets, and charcoal
2Sawnwood includes all sawn wood, dimensional lumber
3Wood-based panel includes all plywood, particleboard, fiberboard and veneer sheets
4Paper and Paperboard includes all paper, sanitary paper, and packaging materials
5Dissolving wood pulp includes cellulose extracted from wood for making synthetic fibres, cellulose plastic materials, lacquers and explosives[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "FAOSTAT". Fao.org. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  2. ^ "FAOSTAT". Fao.org. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  3. ^ FAOSTAT
  4. ^ Walton, Justin (14 September 2015). "The 5 Countries That Produce the Most Coffee". Investopedia.com. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  5. ^ "The world's biggest wine producers in 2018 including South Africa". Businesstech.co.za. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  6. ^ FAOSTAT
  7. ^ FAOSTAT
  8. ^ FAOSTAT
  9. ^ FAOSTAT
  10. ^ "FAOSTAT". Faostat3.fao.org. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  11. ^ "FAOSTAT". Faostat3.fao.org. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  12. ^ FAOSTAT
  13. ^ Forest Products Definitions, FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS, Statistics Division

External links[edit]