List of largest refugee crises

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This is a list of largest refugee crises.

Largest refugee crises[edit]

The list below includes the number of refugees per event with at least one million individuals included. This list does not include the number of internally displaced people (IDP).

Event Date Refugees Countries or regions Ref.
World War II (Europe) 1939–1945 11.0–20.0 million (1998 est.) Europe [1]
Partition of India 1947 14.0 million  India
 Pakistan
[2]
Bangladesh Liberation War 1971 10.0 million (2008 est)  Bangladesh
 Pakistan
[3]
Soviet–Afghan War 1978–1989 6.3 million (1990 est.)  Afghanistan [4]
Venezuelan refugee crisis 1998–present 4.0–6.0 million (2019 est.)  Venezuela [5][6]
Syrian Civil War 2011–present 5.6 million (2019 est.)  Syria [7]
Korean War 1950–1953 1.0–5.0 million  North Korea
 South Korea
[8][9]
Indochina refugee crisis 1975–2000 3.0 million (2000 est.)  Cambodia
 Laos
 Vietnam
[10]
Yugoslav Wars 1991–2001 2.4 million (2003 est.)  Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Croatia
 Kosovo
[11]
Great Lakes refugee crisis 1994 2.1 million (1994 est.)  Rwanda [12]
1991 uprisings in Iraq 1991 1.75 million (2000 est)  Iraq [10]
Mozambican Civil War 1977–1992 1.7 million (2000 est.)  Mozambique [10]
South Sudanese Civil War 2011–present 1.5 million (2017 est)  South Sudan [13]
Rohingya persecution in Myanmar 2016–present 1.3 million (2018 est.)  Myanmar [14]
Algerian War 1954–1962 1.0 million (2000 est.)  Algeria [10]
Great Famine (Ireland) 1845–1849 1.0 million (est.)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland [15]
Refugees of the Libyan Civil War 2011 1.0 million (2011 est.)  Libya [16]
Somali Civil War 1991–present 1.0 million (2016 est.)  Somalia [17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ISBN O-8014-8542-8 "Dps: Europe's Displaced Persons, 1945-1951" by Mark Wyman ; reprinted 1998 Cornell University Press
  2. ^ "The State of The World's Refugees 2000" (PDF). UNHCR. 2000.
  3. ^ Totten, Samuel; Bartrop, Paul Robert (2008). Dictionary of Genocide: A-L. ABC-CLIO. p. 34. ISBN 9780313346422.
  4. ^ Wickramasekara, P., Sehgal, J., Mehran, F., Noroozi, L., Eisazadeh (2006). Afghan Households in Iran: Profile and Impact. UNHCR-ILO Cooperation. http://www.unhcr.org/455835d92.pdf
  5. ^ "Refugees and migrants from Venezuela top 4 million: UNHCR and IOM". UNHCR. UNHCR, IOM. 7 June 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  6. ^ Wyss, Jim (13 August 2019). "A nation is vanishing: Has Venezuela lost almost 20 percent of its population?". The Miami Herald. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  7. ^ "Situation Syria Regional Refugee Response". UNHCR. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  8. ^ "The biggest refugee movements in history". MSN. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  9. ^ "Population and Manpower of Korea 1954" (PDF). Central Intelligence Agency. 13 September 1954.
  10. ^ a b c d State of the World's Refugees, 2000 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
  11. ^ Watkins, Clem S. (2003). The Balkans. Nova Publishers. p. 10.
  12. ^ Prunier 2009, pp. 24–25
  13. ^ "Daily Press Briefing by the Office of the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General". United Nations. 2017-02-10.
  14. ^ "WHO appeals for international community support; warns of grave health risks to Rohingya refugees in rainy season - Bangladesh". ReliefWeb. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  15. ^ Irelands' Population in the mid 1800's
  16. ^ "2013 UNHCR country operations profile - Libya". UNCHR. 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
  17. ^ "Registered Somali Refugee Population". UNHCR. Retrieved 3 July 2016.