List of largest snakes

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The largest living snakes in the world, measured either by length or by weight, are various members of the Boidae and Pythonidae families. They include anacondas, pythons and boa constrictors, which are all non-venomous constrictors. The longest venomous snake, with a length up to 18.5–18.8 ft (5.6–5.7 m), is the king cobra,[1] and the heaviest venomous snake is likely to be the Gaboon viper (which also has the longest fangs and delivers the largest amount of venom) or possibly the Eastern diamondback rattlesnake – all three of these reach maximum weights in the range of 6–20 kilograms (13–44 lb).

There are fourteen living snake species with a maximum mass of at least 50 pounds (23 kg), as shown in the table below. This includes all species that reach a length of at least 20 feet (6 m). There are two other species that reach nearly this length – the Oenpelli python (binomial name Nyctophilopython oenpelliensis, Simalia oenpelliensis or Morelia oenpelliensis),[2] and the olive python (Liasis olivaceus). The information available about these two species is rather limited.[3] The Oenpelli python, in particular, has been called the rarest python in the world.[4][5][6] By weight, the blood python (Python brongersmai) is also a relatively massive snake, although it does not reach exceptional lengths.

It is important to be aware that there is considerable variation in the maximum reported size of these species, and most measurements are not truly verifiable, so the sizes listed should not be considered definitive. In general, the reported lengths are likely to be somewhat overestimated.[7] In spite of what has been, for many years, a standing offer of a large financial reward (initially $1,000 offered by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt in the early 1900s,[8] later raised to $5,000, then $15,000 in 1978 and $50,000 in 1980) for a live, healthy snake over 30 ft (9.14 m) long by the New York Zoological Society (later renamed as the Wildlife Conservation Society), no attempt to claim the reward has ever been made.[3]

Although it is generally accepted that the reticulated python is the world's longest snake, most length estimates longer than 6.35 m (20 ft 10 in) have been called into question.[7] It has been suggested that confident length records for the largest snakes must be established from a dead body soon after death, or alternatively from a heavily sedated snake, using a steel tape and in the presence of witnesses, and must be published (and preferably recorded on video).[7] At least one reticulated python was measured under full anesthesia at 6.95 m (22 ft 10 in), and somewhat less reliable scientific reports up to 10 m (33 ft) have appeared.[9]

Although weight is easier to measure reliably than length (e.g., by simply measuring the weight of a container with and without the snake inside it and subtracting one measurement from the other), a significant factor in the weight of a snake is whether it has been kept in captivity and provided an unusual abundance of food in conditions that also cause reduced levels of activity. Moreover, the weight of wild specimens if often reduced as a symptom of parasite infestations that are eliminated by veterinary care in captivity. Thus, the largest weights measured for captive specimens often greatly exceed the largest weights observed in the wild for the same species. This phenomenon may particularly affect the weight measurements for anaconda species that are especially difficult to keep in captivity due to their semi-aquatic nature, resulting in other species having larger weights measured in captivity. In particular, the green anaconda (Eunectes murinus) is an especially massive snake if only observations in the wild are considered.

Largest species in the world[edit]

Rank Common name Scientific name Family Mass Image Length Range map
1 Green anaconda Eunectes murinus Boidae May exceed 227 kg (500 lb),[10] validity questionable
97.5 kg (215 lb), reliable, maximum among 780 specimens caught over a seven-year period 1992–98[11]
Average 30.8 kg (68 lb) among 45 specimens (1992–98)[11]
Generally considered the heaviest in the wild (exceeded by P. bivittatus and M. reticulatus in captivity)
Eunectes murinus2.jpg May exceed 8.8 m (29 ft),[10] not firmly verified[7]
6.27 m (20.6 ft), somewhat reliable[12]
5.6 m (18 ft), somewhat reliable[3]
5.21 m (17.1 ft), reliable, maximum among 780 specimens caught over a seven-year period 1992–98[11]
Average 3.7 m (12 ft) among 45 specimens (1992–98)[11]
Minimum adult length 3.2 m (10 ft)[3]
Eunectes murinus Distribution Map.png
2 Burmese python Python bivittatus
(recently recognized as distinct from P. molurus)
Pythonidae 182.8 kg (403 lb), reliable, for "Baby" in 1998 (in captivity)[7]
98 kg (216 lb), reliable, for the heaviest individual in the wild[13][14][15][16]
94 kg (207 lb), reliable, for the biggest male in the wild[17][18][19]
Python reticulatus.JPG 5.74 m (18.8 ft), reliable, for "Baby" ca. 1999[7]
5.72 meters (18 ft 9 in), reliable, for the longest individual in the wild[20][21][22] Minimum adult length 2.35 m (7.7 ft)[3]
Python bivittatus Area.svg
3 Reticulated python Malayopython reticulatus Pythonidae Up to 158 kg (350 lb), somewhat reliable[23][24]
158.8 kg (350 lb), somewhat reliable, for "Medusa" in 2011[25]
About 156 kg (344 lb), somewhat reliable, for "Twinkie" in 2014[26][27]
136 kg (300 lb), somewhat reliable, for "Fluffy" in 2010[28]
133.7 kg (295 lb), reasonably reliable, for "Colossus" in 1954 (with an empty stomach)[7][29]
124.7 kg (275 lb), somewhat reliable, for "Samantha" in 2002[29][30]
115 kg (254 lb), somewhat reliable, for "Super Snake" in 2021[31][32][33]
59 kg (130 lb), reliable, wild specimen in 1999 (after not eating for nearly 3 months)[9]
Python reticulatus сетчатый питон-2.jpg 10 m (33 ft),[23][24] not firmly verified[7]
7.92 m (26 ft), somewhat reliable, for "Samantha" in 2002[29][30]
7.67 m (25.2 ft), somewhat reliable, for "Medusa" in 2011[25]
7.3 m (24 ft), somewhat reliable, for "Fluffy" in 2010[25][28]
7 m (23 ft), somewhat reliable, for "Twinkie" in 2014[27]
7 m (23 ft), somewhat reliable, for "Super Snake" in 2021[31][32][33]
6.95 m (22.8 ft), reliable, wild specimen in 1999[9]
6.35 m (20.8 ft), reasonably reliable, for "Colossus" in 1963 (skeletal length)[7]
Minimum adult length 3.04 m (10.0 ft)[3]
Generally considered the world's longest
Python reticulatus Area.PNG
4 Central African rock python Python sebae
(recently recognized as distinct from P. natalensis)
Pythonidae Up to 113 kg (250 lb),[34] not firmly verified[7]
91 kg (200 lb), reliable[35][36][37]
Adult Female Python sebae 1.33aspect.jpg Up to 7.5 m (25 ft),[38] not firmly verified[7]
6.5 m (21 ft), reliable[39]
Minimum adult length 2.50 m (8.2 ft)[3]
Natural Range of Python sebae.svg Range shown as green region
5 Southern African rock python Python natalensis
(recently recognized as distinct from P. sebae)
Pythonidae 80 kg (180 lb), somewhat reliable, for the largest specimen[40]
65 kg (143 lb), reliable[41]
Of 75 individuals measured in South Africa, the longest female weighed 53.4 kg (118 lb).[42]
Python natalensis G. J. Alexander.JPG 6 m (20 ft)[43] not firmly verified
5.8 m (19 ft), reliable[39]
Of 75 individuals measured in South Africa, the longest female was 4.34 meters long.
Individuals longer than 4.6 meters are rare.[44]
Typically 2.8–4 m (9.2–13.1 ft)[45]
Natural Range of Python sebae.svg Range shown as orange region
6 Indian python Python molurus
(recently recognized as distinct from P. bivittatus)
Pythonidae 91 kg (200 lb),[46] not firmly verified[7]
52 kg (115 lb), reliable[47]
Pratik jain dahod python.JPG 6.4 m (21 ft),[46] not firmly verified[7]
4.6 m (15.1 ft), reliable[47]
Python molurus Area.svg
7 Australian Scrub python Simalia kinghorni
(recently recognized as distinct from S. amethistina)
Pythonidae 91 kg (200 lb)[citation needed], not firmly verified
27 kg (60 lb) and more, reliable for the largest specimens[48][49][50]
24 kg (53 lb), reliable[51]
Australian Scrub Python (Morelia kinghorni) Australia Zoo.jpg Some reports up to[52] or exceeding 8 m (26 ft),[3] not firmly verified[7]
7.2 m (24 ft),[53] not firmly verified[51]
In excess of 6 m (20 ft)[52]
5.65 m (18.5 ft), reliable[51]
Typically 3.5 m (11 ft)[3]
Minimum adult length 1.8 m (5.9 ft)[3]
Little information about size is available[3][54]
Distribution of Morelia amtehistina-complex.jpg Range shown as dark green region
8 Amethystine python Simalia amethistina
(recently recognized as distinct from S. kinghorni)
Pythonidae 35 kg (77 lb),[55] not firmly verified
Able to reach 20 kg (44 lb),[56] and probably larger
Little information about size is available[3][54]
Amethystine Python.jpg Able to reach 5.5 m (18 ft)[56]
4.72 m (15.5 ft), reliable[57]
Little information about size is available[3][54]
Distribution of Morelia amtehistina-complex.jpg Range shown as dark orange and bright orange regions
9 Yellow anaconda Eunectes notaeus Boidae They commonly weigh 25–35 kg (55–77 lb), though large specimens can weigh 40–55 kg (88–121 lb) or even more.[58] Anaconda jaune 34.JPG 4.6 m (15.1 ft), reasonably reliable[1][59]
Typically 3–4 m (10–13 ft)[59]
3.1 m (10 ft) maximum among 86 specimens in a field study[60]
South America
10 Boa constrictor Boa constrictor Boidae More than 45 kg (99 lb)[61] Boa constrictor (2).jpg Possibly up to 4.3 m (14 ft)[62]
A much larger report was debunked[7][63]
Boa constrictor distribution.png
11 Cuban boa Chilabothrus angulifer Boidae Maximum 40 kg (88 lb), reliable[64]
27 kg (60 lb), reliable[65]
Kubai karcsú boa.jpg 5.65 m (18.5 ft), for the largest specimen[64]
Up to 4.8 m (16 ft)[65][66]
12 Beni anaconda Eunectes beniensis
(recently recognized as distinct from E. murinus and E. notaeus)
Boidae 35 kg (77 lb)[citation needed] Eunectes beniensis 146229965.jpg Largest specimen 3.2 m (10 ft),[67] relatively reliable
Typically up to 2 m (6.6 ft),[68][69] relatively reliable
Little information about size is available (known from only six specimens as of 2009)[70]
13 Dark-spotted anaconda Eunectes deschauenseei
(sometimes confused with E. notaeus)
Boidae 30 kg (66 lb)[citation needed] 3 m (9.8 ft),[71][72] relatively reliable Dark spotted anaconda range.png
14 Papuan python Apodora papuana Pythonidae Average reported as 22.5 kg (50 lb)[73]
Little information about size is available[3]
Apodorapapuana14.jpg One reasonably reliable report of 4.39 m (14.4 ft)[3][74]
Average reported as 4 m (13.1 ft)[73]
Often reaches 3–4 m (9.8–13.1 ft)[3]
Most specimens 1.4–3.6 m (4.6–11.8 ft)[74]
Little information about size is available[3]

By families[edit]

Boas (Boidae)[edit]

  • The most massive living member of this highly diverse reptilian order is the green anaconda (Eunectes murinus) of the neotropical riverways. These may exceed 8.8 m (29 ft) and 227 kg (500 lb), although such reports are not fully verified.[7] Rumors of larger anacondas also persist.[75] The reticulated python (Python reticulatus) of Southeast Asia is longer but more slender, and has been reported to measure as much as 10 m (33 ft) in length and to weigh up to 158 kg (348 lb).[53][24] The Burmese python, a south-east Asian species is known to weigh as much 183 kg and is generally the heaviest snake among average modern wild specimens.[citation needed]

Typical Snakes (Colubridae)[edit]

Elapids (Elapidae)[edit]

King cobra, the largest elapid
  • The longest venomous snake is the king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah), with lengths (recorded in captivity) of up to 5.7 m (19 ft) and a weight of up to 12.7 kg (28 lb).[53] It is also the largest elapid. The second-longest venomous snake in the world is possibly the African black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis), which can grow up to 4.5 m (15 ft). Among the genus Naja, the longest member arguably may be the forest cobra (Naja melanoleuca), which can reportedly grow up to 3 m (9.8 ft). Indian cobra (Naja naja) The majority of adult specimens range from 1 to 1.5 metres (3.3 to 4.9 ft) in length. Some specimens, particularly those from Sri Lanka, may grow to lengths of 2.1 to 2.2 metres (6.9 to 7.2 ft), but this is relatively uncommon.[84]

Blind Snakes (Leptotyphlopidae)[edit]

  • The largest blind snake Giant blind snake (Rena maxima) is a female with a snout-to-vent length (SVL) of 33 cm (13 in) plus a tail 1.8 cm (0.71 in) long.[85]

Lamprophids (Lamprophiidae)[edit]

  • The largest lamprophids Cape file snake (Heterolepsis capensis) is a medium to large snake. With an average total length (including tail) of about 120 centimetres (3 ft 11 in), specimens of 165 cm (5 ft 5 in) total length have been recorded. It has a very flat head, and its body is strikingly triangular in cross-section.

Vipers (Viperidae)[edit]

  • The Gaboon viper (Bitis gabonica), a very bulky species with a maximum length of around 2 m (6 ft 7 in), is typically the heaviest non-constrictor snake and the biggest member of the viper family, with unverified specimens reported to as much as 20 kg (44 lb).[53][86] The wild verified largest specimen of 1.8 m (5.9 ft) total length, caught in 1973, was found to have weighed 11.3 kg (25 lb) with an empty stomach.[53] And therefore, the heaviest venomous snake and also the largest species of viper in present usually is a eastern diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus adamanteus) with a maximum reliable mass in 15.4 kg (34 lb) and maximum length of 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in).[87] While not quite as heavy, another member of the viper family is longer still, the South American bushmaster (Lachesis muta), with a maximum length of 3.65 m (12.0 ft).[88]
  • The rattlesnake genus Crotalus, which includes the aforementioned eastern diamondback rattlesnake and western diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox), reaches a maximum length of 2.13 m (7 ft 0 in), and according to W. A. King one large specimen had a length of 2.26 m (7 ft 5 in) and a mass of 11 kg (24 lb).[87] The third largest rattlesnake is the Mexican west coast rattlesnake (Crotalus basiliscus), which reaches 2.04 m (6 ft 8 in) long and 7.7 kg (17 lb) mass,[87] and one captive-raised male was weighed at 8.8 kg (19.4 lb) in 2020.[89]

Remarkable individual specimens[edit]

Individual specimens considered among largest measured for their respective species include the following:

  • Burmese pythons:
    • "Baby" a captive Burmese python (Python bivittatus) female♀ 5.74 meters (18 ft 10 in), 182.8 kilograms (403 lb); "Baby" was kept at Serpent Safari in Gurnee, Illinois, until its death at almost 27 years old, euthanized due to deteriorating condition caused by a tumor in 2006. Several live measurements and post mortem measurement.[7][90]
    • "Hexxie" a captive Burmese python (Python bivittatus) female♀ 5.48 meters (18 ft 0 in), 110 kilograms (240 lb) and still growing; "Hexxie" lives in a terraced house in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England, with owner Marcus Hobbs.[91][92][93]
    • Wild-caught non-native (invasive) Burmese python (Python bivittatus) female♀ 5.39 meters (17 ft 8 in), 98 kg (216 lb) and measured 64 cm (25 in) in diameter; She was carrying 122 developing eggs. Caught by a team of biologists in Everglades, Florida, June 22, 2022.[13][14][15][16]
    • Wild-caught non-native (invasive) Burmese python (Python bivittatus) male♂ 5.23 meters (17 ft 2 in), 94 kg (207 lb) and measured 66 cm (26 in) in diameter; caught by Okeechobee Veterinary Hospital, Florida, July 31, 2009.[17][18][19]
    • Wild-caught non-native (invasive) Burmese python (Python bivittatus) female♀ 5.72 meters (18 ft 9 in), 47.2 kilograms (104 lb); caught in Miami-Dade County, Florida, October 2, 2020.[20][21][22]
    • Wild-caught non-native (invasive) Burmese python (Python bivittatus) female♀ 5.68 meters (18 ft 8 in), 58.1 kilograms (128 lb); caught in Miami-Dade County, Florida, May 11, 2012. Intact specimen measured post mortem by University of Florida.[94][95][96]
    • Wild-caught non-native (invasive) Burmese python (Python bivittatus) female♀ 5.56 meters (18 ft 3 in), 60.3 kilograms (133 lb); caught by University of Florida wildlife biologist in Miami-Dade County, Florida, July 9, 2015. Intact specimen measured post mortem by University of Florida.[97][98][99][90]
    • Wild-caught non-native (invasive) Burmese python (Python bivittatus) female♀ 4.57 meters (15 ft 0 in), 65.3 kilograms (144 lb); caught by Nicholas Banos and Leonardo Sanchez, Everglades, Florida, April 1, 2017.[100][101][102][103]
    • Wild-caught non-native (invasive) Burmese python (Python bivittatus) female♀ 5.2 meters (17 ft 1 in), 63.5 kilograms (140 lb); she was carrying 73 developing eggs. Caught by Big Cypress National Preserve, Florida, April 7, 2019. [104][105][106]
  • Reticulated pythons:
    • "Medusa" a captive reticulated python (Malayopython reticulatus) female♀ 7.67 meters (25 ft 2 in) 158.8 kilograms (350 lb); "Medusa" is kept at the Edge of Hell haunted house attraction in Kansas City, Missouri, and was last officially measured in 2011.[25][107]
    • "Samantha" a captive (originally wild-caught near Samarinda, Borneo, as an already very large adult) reticulated python (Malayopython reticulatus) female♀ 7.92 meters (26 ft), somewhat reliable in 2002[29][30]
    • "Fluffy" a captive reticulated python (Malayopython reticulatus) female♀ 7.3 meters (23 ft 11 in) 136 kilograms (300 lb); "Fluffy" was last officially measured live on September 30, 2009, and died at the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium in Powell, Ohio, on October 26, 2010, due to an apparent tumor. She was 18 years old. 24 feet confirmed when measured at death.[28][25]
    • "Colossus", a captive reticulated python (Maylayopython reticulatus) male♂, skeletal measurement 6.35 meters (20 ft 10 in) 133.7 kilograms (295 lb); "Colossus" was kept at the Highland Park Zoo in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, died in April 1963, and the body was deposited at the Carnegie Museum.[7]
    • "Twinkie" a captive reticulated python (Malayopython reticulatus) female♀ 7 meters (23 ft 0 in) 156 kilograms (344 lb); "Twinkie" found sanctuary in the 2014 Guinness World Records book as the world’s largest albino python in captivity. She was a fixture at the Reptile Zoo in Fountain Valley, CA.[26][27]
    • "Super Snake", a captive reticulated python (Malayopython reticulatus) 14-year-old female♀ 7 meters (23 ft), 115 kilograms (254 lb); "Super Snake" is kept at the National Aquarium in Al Qana, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.[31][32][33]
    • Wild-caught reticulated python (Malayopython reticulatus) Female♀ 7.5 meters (24 ft 7 in) adjusted post-mortem measurement, unreliable, originally measured alive at 8 meters (26 ft 3 in) unreliably, using an unknown method, 250 kilograms (550 lb) – estimated weight upon capture, unreliable; caught April 7, 2016, Paya Terubong district, Penang Island, Malaysia. Died April 10, 2016.[108][109][110]
    • Wild-caught reticulated python (Malayopython reticulatus) unknown gender 7.8 meters (25 ft 7 in), unverified; Was killed on October 5, 2017, Pekanbaru, Indonesia.[111][112][113]
    • Wild-caught reticulated python (Malayopython reticulatus) unknown gender 6 meters (19 ft 8 in), 80 kg (180 lb); Probably, this is largest snake in Phuket in last decade. Caught by Ruamjai Rescue Foundation, December 18, 2014, Phuket, Thailand.[114][115][116]
  • Australian scrub pythons:
    • "Maximus" a captive scrub python (Simalia kinghorni) male♂ 5.1 meters (16 ft 9 in), 25 kg (55 lb), at the peak weighed about 27 kg (60 lb), when he was last weighed and measured in 2008; "Maximus" is believed to be the largest Australian native snake in captivity. He is kept at the Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary on the Gold Coast, Queensland.[117][118]
    • Wild-caught scrub python (Simalia kinghorni) unknown gender 5 meters (16 ft 5 in), 28 kg (62 lb); caught by Machans Beach in Cairns, Queensland, November 14, 2017.[50][119]
    • Wild-caught scrub python (Simalia kinghorni) unknown gender 5.1 meters (16 ft 9 in), 27 kg (60 lb); caught by Speewah in Mareeba, Queensland, unknown date.[49]
    • Wild-caught scrub pythons (Simalia kinghorni) unknown gender Both of were more 5 meters (16 ft 5 in) (Second caught as stated measuring 5.1 meters (16 ft 9 in) long and 27 kg (60 lb) in weight); caught by Speewah in Mareeba, Queensland, October 24, 2016.[48][120]
    • Wild-caught scrub python (Simalia kinghorni) unknown gender 5.2 meters (17 ft 1 in), 22 kg (49 lb); caught by Speewah in Mareeba, Queensland, February 6, 2017.[121][122][123]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mehrtens, John (1987). Living Snakes of the World. New York: Sterling. ISBN 0-8069-6461-8.
  2. ^ "ITIS - Report: Simalia oenpelliensis". www.itis.gov.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Murphy, J. C.; Henderson, R. W. (1997). Tales of Giant Snakes: A Historical Natural History of Anacondas and Pythons. Krieger Pub. Co. pp. 2, 19, 37, 42, 55–56. ISBN 0-89464-995-7.
  4. ^ Rarest Python in the World. SnakeBytesTV. December 18, 2013. Retrieved 2016-02-04.
  5. ^ Breeding plan aims to save snakes. ABC News (Australia). March 29, 2012. Retrieved 2016-02-04.
  6. ^ Smith, Deborah (June 20, 2012). "Snakes alive – if only he'd been seeing double". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Barker, David G.; Barten, Stephen L.; Ehrsam, Jonas P.; Daddono, Louis (2012). "The Corrected Lengths of Two Well-known Giant Pythons and the Establishment of a new Maximum Length Record for Burmese Pythons, Python bivittatus" (PDF). Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 47 (1): 1–6. Retrieved 2016-02-04.
  8. ^ Gordon, David George, "The Search for the $50,000 Snake". MSN Encarta. Archived October 31, 2009.
  9. ^ a b c Fredriksson, G. M. (2005). "Predation on Sun Bears by Reticulated Python in East Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo". Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 53 (1): 165–168. Retrieved 2016-02-04.
  10. ^ a b "Green anacondas: Eunectes murinus". National Geographic. September 10, 2010. Retrieved 2016-02-04.
  11. ^ a b c d Rivas, Jesús Antonio (2000). The life history of the green anaconda (Eunectes murinus), with emphasis on its reproductive Biology (PDF) (Ph.D. thesis). University of Tennessee. pp. 7, 36 (esp. Table 3-1), 74–80 (esp. Table 5-1), 111. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-02-04.
  12. ^ Wood, Gerald L. (1982). The Guinness Book of Animal Facts and Feats (3 ed.). London: Guinness Superlatives. ISBN 0-85112-235-3. The Guinness book of animal facts and feats at the Internet Archive.
  13. ^ a b "Florida nabs largest python ever found in state". Bbc.com. 23 June 2022. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  14. ^ a b "Portly python: heaviest-ever snake captured in Florida tips scales at 215lbs". Theguardian.com. 23 June 2022. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  15. ^ a b Dolasia, Kavi (27 June 2022). "Record-Breaking 215-Pound Burmese Python Captured In Florida". Dogonews.com. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  16. ^ a b "Florida's largest ever python has been found. Here's the untold story of its discovery". National Geographic. 21 June 2022. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  17. ^ a b Morgan, Curtis (July 31, 2009). "Veterinarian Shoots 207-pound Python". Miami Herald. Retrieved 6 June 2022 – via Sun-Sentinel.
  18. ^ a b "200-pound python killed in Okeechobee". Archive.tcpalm.com. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  19. ^ a b "Southwest Florida Online News: 17 Foot Python Caught In Okeechobee". Swflorida.blogspot.com. 31 July 2009. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  20. ^ a b Georgiou, Aristos (October 9, 2020). "Enormous Burmese python caught in Florida is largest ever found in state". Newsweek.
  21. ^ a b "Hunters capture longest Burmese python ever caught in Florida". Miami Herald. October 8, 2020 – via Tampa Bay Times.
  22. ^ a b "Massive 18-foot python wraps around hunter during capture in Florida Everglades". Fox13news.com. Retrieved 16 June 2022.
  23. ^ a b Mexico, Todd (2000). "Python reticulatus". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2016-02-03.
  24. ^ a b c "Reticulated python (Python reticulatus)". Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens. Retrieved 2018-12-31.
  25. ^ a b c d e "Longest snake – ever (captivity)". Guinness Book of World Records. October 12, 2011. Retrieved 2016-02-04.
  26. ^ a b "Twinkie The World's Largest Albino Reticulated Python Dies". Reptiles. August 14, 2014. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
  27. ^ a b c "This Twinkie is no dessert, but a Guinness World Record holder". Ocregister.com. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 15 June 2022.
  28. ^ a b c "R.I.P. Fluffy: Guinness record-holding reticulated python, 24 feet long, dies at Columbus Zoo". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. October 27, 2010. Retrieved 2016-02-04.
  29. ^ a b c d Murphy, John C. "The Reticulated Python, Malayopython, Clade". Giant Constricting Snakes: The Science of Large Serpents. JCM Natural History. Archived from the original on 2016-02-13. Retrieved 2016-02-04.
  30. ^ a b c Santora, Marc (November 22, 2002). "Never Leather, Samantha The Python Dies at the Zoo". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-02-04.
  31. ^ a b c Rodrigues, Janice (September 7, 2021). "Abu Dhabi is now home to Super Snake, one of the largest reptiles in the world". The National News.
  32. ^ a b c Fatima, Sakina (September 9, 2021). "World's largest snake from Los Angeles is now in Abu Dhabi". The Siasat Daily.
  33. ^ a b c Buckeridge, Miles (September 8, 2021). "One of the world's largest snakes has a new home in Abu Dhabi". What's On.
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