List of largest suburbs by population

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Largest suburbs worldwide (exluding China)[edit]

The following is a table of the largest incorporated suburbs worldwide, with over 700,000 people.

A suburb here is defined as subordinate to a central city from a business or infrastructure sense, and it may or may not have more population than the central city due to arbitrary municipal definitions.

Cities in China are often defined in way as prefectures/counties, for the sake of simplicity they are listed in a separate list as explained in the respective section.

Coincidentally, a similar scenario applies to Taichung, Tainan and Kaohsiung in Taiwan after they merged with their respective surrounding suburb counties in December 2010, despite they are controlled by Republic of China (Taiwan), except there is no nesting issues. Taipei County was also considered merging with Taipei City (and Keelung City) when such proposals were discussed, but instead became a special municipality--New Taipei City on its own. With its area surrounding Taipei and Keelung City unaltered, the New Taipei City occurs on top of this list. ROC data is included here because it is complete and easy to follow.

Also excluded are transborder agglomerations. In the Pop date column, C stands for census, P for provisional result, E for estimate.

Rank City Population Pop date Metropolitan area Nation
1 New Taipei City 3,966,818 2014E Taipei  Republic of China (Taiwan)[1]
2 Yokohama 3,718,900 2015E Tokyo  Japan[2]
3 Ekurhuleni 3,178,470 2011C Greater Johannesburg  South Africa[3]
4 Incheon 2,957,931 2014E Seoul  South Korea[4]
5 Quezon City 2,761,720 2010C Manila  Philippines[5]
6 Giza 2,681,863 2006C Greater Cairo  Egypt
7 Bekasi 2,510,951 2014E Jabodetabek (Jakarta)  Indonesia[6]
8 Ghaziabad 2,358,525 2011C Delhi NCR  India[7]
9 Tangerang 2,001,925 2014E Jabodetabek (Jakarta)  Indonesia[6]
10 Depok 1,869,681 2014E Jabodetabek (Jakarta)  Indonesia[6]
11 Omdurman 1,849,659 2008C Khartoum  Sudan[8]
12 Thane 1,818,872 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[7]
13 La Matanza 1,772,130 2010CP Buenos Aires  Argentina
14 Pimpri-Chinchwad 1,729,359 2011C Pune  India[7]
15 Ecatepec de Morelos 1,685,806 2010C Mexico City  Mexico[9]
16 Karaj 1,614,626 2011C Greater Tehran  Iran[10]
17 Kobe City 1,536,500 2015E Osaka  Japan[2]
18 Gurgaon 1,514,085 2011C Delhi NCR  India[7]
19 Caloocan 1,489,040 2010C Manila  Philippines[5]
20 Kawasaki 1,470,400 2015E Tokyo  Japan[2]
21 South Tangerang 1,436,187 2014E Jabodetabek (Jakarta)  Indonesia[6]
22 Faridabad 1,404,653 2011C Delhi/NCR  India[7]
23 Guarulhos 1,324,781 2015E São Paulo  Brazil[11]
24 Saitama City 1,257,300 2015E Tokyo  Japan[2]
25 Kalyan-Dombivali 1,246,381 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[7]
26 Vasai-Virar 1,221,223 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[7]
27 Suwon 1,209,169 2014E Seoul  South Korea[4]
28 Ulsan 1,192,262 2014E Busan-Ulsan  South Korea[4]
29 Zapopan 1,155,790 2010C Guadalajara  Mexico[9]
30 Navi Mumbai 1,119,477 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[7]
31 Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl 1,110,565 2010C Mexico City  Mexico[9]
32 Changwon 1,091,513 2014E Busan-Ulsan  South Korea[4]
33 Howrah 1,072,161 2011C Kolkata  India[7]
34 São Gonçalo 1,038,081 2015E Rio de Janeiro  Brazil[11]
35 Bogor 1,022,002 2014E Jabodetabek (Jakarta)  Indonesia[6]
36 Goyang 1,018,013 2014E Seoul  South Korea[4]
37 Shubra El-Kheima 1,016,722 2006C Cairo  Egypt
38 Callao 1,010,315 2015E Greater Lima  Peru[12]
39 Khartoum North 1,012,211 2008C Khartoum  Sudan[8]
40 Seongnam 992,215 2014E Seoul  South Korea[4]
41 Yongin 976,883 2014E Seoul  South Korea[4]
42 Chiba City 967,679 2015E Tokyo  Japan[2]
43 Matola 962,100 2016E Maputo  Mozambique[13]
44 Hawalli 911,274 2014E Kuwait City  Kuwait[14]
45 Sharjah 890,000 2010E Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman metropolitan area  United Arab Emirates
46 Duque de Caxias 882,729 2015E Rio de Janeiro  Brazil[11]
47 Bucheon 874,745 2014E Seoul  South Korea[4]
48 El Alto 848,452 2012C Greater La Paz  Bolivia[15]
49 Sakai 838,500 2015E Osaka  Japan[2]
50 Naucalpan de Juárez 833,779 2010C Mexico City  Mexico[9]
51 Seberang Perai 818,197 2010C Penang  Malaysia[16]
52 São Bernardo do Campo 816,925 2015E São Paulo  Brazil[11]
53 Farwaniya 816,015 2015E Kuwait City  Kuwait[14]
54 Mira-Bhayander 814,655 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[7]
55 Nova Iguaçu 807,492 2015E Rio de Janeiro  Brazil[11]
56 Kajang 795,522 2010C Greater Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia[16]
57 Ansan 761,631 2014E Seoul  South Korea[4]
58 Noida/Greater Noida 750,057 2011C Delhi NCR  India[7]
59 Biên Hòa 749,000 2013E Saigon  Vietnam[17]
60 Klang 744,062 2010C Greater Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia[16]
61 Sagamihara 723,600 2015E Tokyo  Japan[2]
62 Emfuleni 721,663 2011C Johannesburg  South Africa[18]
62 Mississauga 713,443 2011C Greater Toronto Area  Canada[19]
63 Bhiwandi 711,329 2011C Mumbai Metropolitan Region  India[7]
64 Santo André 710,210 2015E São Paulo  Brazil[11]
65 Subang Jaya 708,296 2010C Greater Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia[16]

Suburbs in the People's Republic of China[edit]

Cities in People's Republic of China and Republic of China are often defined in way as prefectures/counties. Their prefecture/county limits often are physically more extensive than entire metropolitan areas, encompassing large rural areas and outright separate cities. "Suburbs" may be located both within the municipality and/or adjacent to it, depending on how the area agglomerated. Some urban districts, as in the case of Wanzhou Urban District in Chongqing Municipality (Province Level), are separated by farmlands from the core metropolitan area and functions as a suburban city in spite of naming.

As to what constitutes a "city" in the PRC, there exist other definitions of city limits are in actual usage, such as combination of several districts where urban area of the central city is dominant, or roads, railways, natural boundaries, or a combination thereof. This is commonly designated by the central statistics bureaus as "urban districts" (区), however some counties(县) are also included, as well as some cities opt for towns (镇) rather than counties. Some counties/districts (e.g. Handan County, Handan City(Prefecture level)) are indeed suburbs of their respective central cities (e.g. Congtai,Hanshan,Fuxing districts of Handan City(Prefecture level) are a common definition of true urban area of Handan, although this definition now often also involves Handan County as the city expands).

In the case of Chaoshan Metropolitan Area, Jiēyáng (Prefecture-level city) urban districts border that of the central city of Shantou (Prefecture-level city), effectively spanning neighboring municipalities. Complicating the matter is the nesting of city structures, as Jieyang municipality itself is a suburb of Shantou, even though Puning city (County level city, and can be a suburb of Shantou) lies within Jieyang's jurisdiction. Suzhou, despite having cities within it that could be considered "suburbs", could itself be considered a suburb of Shanghai as commute patterns are indicative of it.

Rank City Population Pop date Type Includes Metropolitan area Province/Province-level Municipality
1 Puning 2,054,703[20] 2010C County-level city within Jieyang whole city(市) Greater Chaoshan Guangdong
2 Jieyang 1,899,394[21] 2010C adjacent Prefecture-level city urban districts(区) Greater Chaoshan Guangdong
3 Huilai County 1,097,615[22] 2010C County within Jieyang entire county(县) Greater Chaoshan Guangdong
4 Wanzhou District 859,662[23] 2010C non contiguous urban district single district (区) Greater Chongqing Chongqing
5 Changshu City 929,124[24] 2010C County-level city within Suzhou entire city Greater Suzhou Jiangsu


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