List of longest suspension bridge spans

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The Akashi Kaikyō Bridge has the longest central span of any suspension bridge.

The world's longest suspension bridges are listed according to the length of their main span (i.e. the length of suspended roadway between the bridge's towers). The length of main span is the most common method of comparing the sizes of suspension bridges, often correlating with the height of the towers and the engineering complexity involved in designing and constructing the bridge.[1] If one bridge has a longer span than another it does not necessarily mean that the bridge is longer from shore to shore (or from abutment to abutment).

Suspension bridges have the longest spans of any type of bridge. Cable-stayed bridges, the next longest design, are practical for spans up to just over 1 kilometre. Therefore, the 17 longest bridges on this list are all currently the 17 longest spans of all types of vehicular bridges (other than floating pontoon bridges).

Completed suspension bridges[edit]

This list includes only completed suspension bridges that carry automobiles or trains. It does not include cable-stayed bridges, footbridges, or pipeline bridges.

    Rank Name Main
span
metres
Main
span
feet
Year opened Location Country
Akashi bridge.jpg 1 Akashi Kaikyō Bridge
1,991 6,532 1998 Kobe Japan (Hyōgo)
34°37′1.3″N 135°1′18.9″E / 34.617028°N 135.021917°E / 34.617028; 135.021917 (Akashi Kaikyō Bridge)
 Japan [2]
Xihoumen Bridge.JPG 2 Xihoumen Bridge 1,650 5,413 2009 Zhoushan (Zhejiang)
30°3′42.4″N 121°54′57.6″E / 30.061778°N 121.916000°E / 30.061778; 121.916000 (Xihoumen Bridge)
 China [3]
Storebæltsbroen-2.jpg 3 Great Belt Bridge 1,624 5,328 1998 Korsør - Sprogø (Region Zealand)
55°20′31″N 11°2′9.3″E / 55.34194°N 11.035917°E / 55.34194; 11.035917 (Great Belt Bridge)
 Denmark [4]
Osman-Gazi-Bridge-620x410.jpg 4 Osman Gazi Bridge 1,550 5,085 2016 Gebze - Altınova, Gulf of İzmit, (Marmara)
40°45′15″N 29°30′55″E / 40.75417°N 29.51528°E / 40.75417; 29.51528 (İzmit Bay Bridge)
 Turkey [5]
Yi Sun-sin Bridge in construction1.jpg 5 Yi Sun-sin Bridge 1,545 5,069 2012 Gwangyang - Yeosu (South Jeolla Province)
34°54′21.4″N 127°42′18.1″E / 34.905944°N 127.705028°E / 34.905944; 127.705028 (Yi Sun-sin Bridge)
 South Korea [6]
Bushes in Runyang Bridge Park.JPG 6 Runyang Bridge 1,490 4,888 2005 Yangzhou - Zhenjiang (Jiangsu)
32°12′24.6″N 119°21′49.9″E / 32.206833°N 119.363861°E / 32.206833; 119.363861 (Runyang Bridge)
 China [7]
Fourth Nanjing Yangtze Bridge.JPG 7 Nanjing Fourth Yangtze Bridge 1,418 4,652 2012 Nanjing (Jiangsu)
32°10′39.9″N 118°56′24.5″E / 32.177750°N 118.940139°E / 32.177750; 118.940139 (Nanjing Fourth Yangtze Bridge)
 China [8]
Humber Bridge2.png 8 Humber Bridge 1,410 4,626 1981 Hessle - Barton-upon-Humber (Yorkshire and the Humber)
53°42′28.7″N 0°27′0.3″W / 53.707972°N 0.450083°W / 53.707972; -0.450083 (Humber Bridge)
 United Kingdom [9]
Garipçe'den Yavuz Sultan Selim köprüsü.jpg 9 Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge 1,408 4,619 2016 Istanbul (Marmara)
41°12′31″N 29°7′5″E / 41.20861°N 29.11806°E / 41.20861; 29.11806 (Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge)
 Turkey [10]
Jiangyin Bridge.jpg 10 Jiangyin Bridge 1,385 4,544 1999 Jiangyin - Jingjiang (Jiangsu)
31°56′43.1″N 120°16′10″E / 31.945306°N 120.26944°E / 31.945306; 120.26944 (Jiangyin Suspension Bridge)
 China [11]
Bridge of Hong Kong harbor.jpg 11 Tsing Ma Bridge 1,377 4,518 1997 Tsing Yi - Ma Wan
22°21′4.8″N 114°4′25.6″E / 22.351333°N 114.073778°E / 22.351333; 114.073778 (Tsing Ma Bridge)
 Hong Kong [12]
Hardangerbrua-August-2013.JPG 12 Hardanger Bridge 1,310 4,298 2013 Vallavik - Bu (Hordaland)
60°28′42.9″N 6°49′47.2″E / 60.478583°N 6.829778°E / 60.478583; 6.829778 (Hardanger Bridge)
 Norway [13]
Verrazano Bridge2.jpg 13 Verrazano–Narrows Bridge 1,298 4,260 1964 New York City (New York)
40°36′23″N 74°2′43.2″W / 40.60639°N 74.045333°W / 40.60639; -74.045333 (Verrazano-Narrows Bridge)
 United States [14]
Golden gate2.jpg 14 Golden Gate Bridge 1,280 4,200 1937 San Francisco - Marin County (California)
37°49′9.5″N 122°28′43.9″W / 37.819306°N 122.478861°W / 37.819306; -122.478861 (Golden Gate Bridge)
 United States [15]
WuhanYangluoYangtzeBridgePanorama.jpg 15 Yangluo Bridge 1,280 4,200 2007 Wuhan (Hubei)
30°38′12.9″N 114°33′17.8″E / 30.636917°N 114.554944°E / 30.636917; 114.554944 (Yangluo Bridge)
 China [16]
Högakustenbron-2-edit.jpg 16 Höga Kusten Bridge 1,210 3,970 1997 Utansjö (Västernorrland County)
62°47′53″N 17°56′15″E / 62.79806°N 17.93750°E / 62.79806; 17.93750 (Höga Kusten Bridge)
 Sweden [17]
Aizhai Bridge-2.jpg 17 Aizhai Bridge 1,176 3,858 2012 Jishou (Hunan)
28°19′54.1″N 109°35′53.2″E / 28.331694°N 109.598111°E / 28.331694; 109.598111 (Aizhai Bridge)
 China [18]
Mackinac Bridge-3.jpg 18 Mackinac Bridge 1,158 3,799 1957 Mackinaw City - St. Ignace (Michigan)
45°48′56″N 84°43′40.6″W / 45.81556°N 84.727944°W / 45.81556; -84.727944 (Mackinac Bridge)
 United States [19]
19 Ulsan Bridge 1,150 3,773 2015[20] Ulsan
35°30′14″N 129°23′31″E / 35.50389°N 129.39194°E / 35.50389; 129.39194 (Ulsan Bridge)
 South Korea [21]
20 Qingshui River Bridge 1,130 3,707 2015[22] Kaiyang County, Guizhou
27°1′49.5″N 107°11′21.6″E / 27.030417°N 107.189333°E / 27.030417; 107.189333 (Qingshui River Bridge)
 China
Huangpu bridge-edit.jpg 21 Huangpu Bridge 1,108 3,635 2008 Guangzhou (Guangdong)
23°4′17.1″N 113°28′33.9″E / 23.071417°N 113.476083°E / 23.071417; 113.476083 (Huangpu Bridge)
 China [23]
GreatSetoBridge2-edit.jpg 22 Minami Bisan-Seto Bridge 1,100 3,609 1989 Sakaide - Shiwaku Islands (Kagawa)
34°21′50″N 133°49′30.7″E / 34.36389°N 133.825194°E / 34.36389; 133.825194 (Minami Bisan-Seto Bridge)
 Japan [24]
IMO 9544891 Abis Belfast (01).jpg 23 Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge 1,090 3,576 1988 Istanbul (Istanbul Province)
41°5′28″N 29°3′40″E / 41.09111°N 29.06111°E / 41.09111; 29.06111 (Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge)
 Turkey [25]
Balinghe Bridge-2.jpg 24 Baling River Bridge 1,088 3,570 2009 Guanling Buyei and Miao Autonomous County (Guizhou)
25°57′40″N 105°37′46″E / 25.96111°N 105.62944°E / 25.96111; 105.62944 (Balinghe Bridge)
 China [26]
Taizhou Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 25 Taizhou Bridge 1,080 (x2) 3,543 (x2) 2012 Taizhou (Jiangsu)
32°14′47.8″N 119°52′36.1″E / 32.246611°N 119.876694°E / 32.246611; 119.876694 (Taizhou Bridge)
 China [27]
Ma'anshan Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 26 Ma'anshan Bridge 1,080 (x2) 3,543 (x2) 2013 Ma'anshan (Anhui)
31°36′36.4″N 118°23′31.4″E / 31.610111°N 118.392056°E / 31.610111; 118.392056 (Ma'anshan Bridge)
 China [28]
Bosphorus Bridge-3.jpg 27 July 15th Martyrs Bridge 1,074 3,524 1973 Istanbul (Istanbul Province)
41°2′42″N 29°2′2″E / 41.04500°N 29.03389°E / 41.04500; 29.03389 (Bosphorus Bridge)
 Turkey [29]
George Washington Bridge from New Jersey-edit.jpg 28 George Washington Bridge 1,067 3,501 1931 New York City (New York) - Fort Lee (New Jersey)
40°51′6.2″N 73°57′9.8″W / 40.851722°N 73.952722°W / 40.851722; -73.952722 (George Washington Bridge)
 United States [30]
Kurushimakaikyou ohashi.jpg 29 Third Kurushima-Kaikyō Bridge 1,030 3,379 1999 Imabari - Umashima Island (Ehime)
34°6′54.9″N 132°59′3.6″E / 34.115250°N 132.984333°E / 34.115250; 132.984333 (Third Kurushima-Kaikyō Bridgeo)
 Japan [31]
Kurushima Kaikyo Bridge-1.jpg 30 Second Kurushima-Kaikyō Bridge 1,020 3,346 1999 Umashima Island - Ōshima (Ehime)
34°7′16″N 133°0′0.7″E / 34.12111°N 133.000194°E / 34.12111; 133.000194 (Second Kurushima-Kaikyō Bridge)
 Japan [31]
25th April Bridge and boat-2.JPG 31 25 de Abril Bridge 1,013 3,323 1966 Lisbon - Almada (Lisboa Region)
38°41′23.5″N 9°10′37.8″W / 38.689861°N 9.177167°W / 38.689861; -9.177167 (25 de Abril Bridge)
 Portugal [32]
Forth Road Bridge-2.jpg 32 Forth Road Bridge 1,006 3,301 1964 South Queensferry - North Queensferry (Fife)
56°0′5.4″N 3°24′15.1″W / 56.001500°N 3.404194°W / 56.001500; -3.404194 (Forth Road Bridge)
 United Kingdom [33]
Kita Bisan-Seto Bridge-3.jpg 33 Kita Bisan-Seto Bridge 990 3,248 1988 Sakaide - Shiwaku Islands (Kagawa)
34°22′42.4″N 133°49′13.2″E / 34.378444°N 133.820333°E / 34.378444; 133.820333 (Kita Bisan-Seto Bridge)
 Japan [24]
Severn Bridge near to Beachley-cropped.jpg 34 Severn Bridge 988 3,241 1966 Bristol (South Gloucestershire) - Chepstow (Monmouthshire)
51°36′36.2″N 2°38′26.4″W / 51.610056°N 2.640667°W / 51.610056; -2.640667 (Severn Bridge)
 United Kingdom [34]
Yichang Yangtze Highway Bridge.JPG 35 Yichang Bridge 960 3,150 2001 Yichang (Hubei)
30°34′10.5″N 111°23′29.5″E / 30.569583°N 111.391528°E / 30.569583; 111.391528 (Yichang Bridge)
 China [35]
Shimotsui-Seto Bridge who saw from Okayama Prefecture.JPG 36 Shimotsui-Seto Bridge 940 3,084 1988 Kojima - Shiwaku Islands (Okayama)
34°25′52.4″N 133°48′23.2″E / 34.431222°N 133.806444°E / 34.431222; 133.806444 (Shimotsui-Seto Bridge)
 Japan [24]
Xiling Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 37 Xiling Bridge 900 2,953 1996 Sandouping (Hubei)
30°49′42.5″N 111°2′48″E / 30.828472°N 111.04667°E / 30.828472; 111.04667 (Xiling Bridge)
 China [36]
Siduhe Bridge-1.jpg 38 Si Du River Bridge 900 2,953 2009 Yesanguan (Hubei)
30°37′16.1″N 110°23′43.1″E / 30.621139°N 110.395306°E / 30.621139; 110.395306 (Si Du River Bridge)
 China [37]
Humen Bridge-edit.jpg 39 Humen Pearl River Bridge 888 2,913 1997 Dongguan (Guangdong)
22°47′49.5″N 113°36′57.2″E / 22.797083°N 113.615889°E / 22.797083; 113.615889 (Humen Pearl River Bridge)
 China [38]
Big Naruto Bridge05n3872edit.jpg 40 Ōnaruto Bridge 876 2,874 1985 Naruto (Tokushima) - Awaji Island (Hyōgo)
34°14′19.5″N 134°39′1.1″E / 34.238750°N 134.650306°E / 34.238750; 134.650306 (Ōnaruto Bridge)
 Japan [39]
Linked photo 41 Lishui River Bridge 856 2,808 2013 Zhangjiajie (Hunan)
29°05′55″N 110°14′48″E / 29.09861°N 110.24667°E / 29.09861; 110.24667 (Lishui River Bridge)
 China [40][41]
Tacoma Narrows Bridge, Spring-Summer 1967.jpg 42 Second Tacoma Narrows Bridge
(westbound)
853 2,799 1950 Tacoma (Washington)
47°16′5.6″N 122°33′0.7″W / 47.268222°N 122.550194°W / 47.268222; -122.550194 (Tacoma Narrows Bridge (1950))
 United States [42]
Tacoma Narrows Bridge, Seattle to Portland by train2.jpg 43 Third Tacoma Narrows Bridge
(eastbound)
853 2,799 2007 Tacoma (Washington)
47°16′4.4″N 122°33′2.8″W / 47.267889°N 122.550778°W / 47.267889; -122.550778 (Tacoma Narrows Bridge (2007))
 United States [42]
Askøy bridge.jpg 44 Askøy Bridge 850 2,789 1992 Bergen - Askøy (Hordaland)
60°23′43.6″N 5°12′54.8″E / 60.395444°N 5.215222°E / 60.395444; 5.215222 (Askøy Bridge)
 Norway [43]
45 Yingwuzhou Bridge 850 (x2) 2,790 (x2) 2014 Wuhan (Hubei)
30°32′2.6″N 114°16′36.8″E / 30.534056°N 114.276889°E / 30.534056; 114.276889 (Yingwuzhou Bridge)
 China [44]
Nanxi Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 46 Nanxi Bridge 820 2,690 2012 Nanxi District (Sichuan)
28°47′1.3″N 104°56′44.5″E / 28.783694°N 104.945694°E / 28.783694; 104.945694 (Nanxi Bridge)
 China [45]
Qingcaobei Yangtze River Bridge.jpg 47 Qincaobei Bridge 788 2,585 2013 Lidu (Chongqing)
29°42′51.5″N 107°16′52.7″E / 29.714306°N 107.281306°E / 29.714306; 107.281306 (Qincaobei Bridge)
 China [46][47]
Innoshima Bridge-2.JPG 48 Innoshima Bridge 770 2,526 1983 Innoshima - Mukaishima (Hiroshima)
34°21′25.7″N 133°10′49.5″E / 34.357139°N 133.180417°E / 34.357139; 133.180417 (Innoshima Bridge)
 Japan [48]
Akinada Bridge 319865 2.jpg 49 Akinada Bridge 750 2,461 2000 Kure - Shimokamagari (Hiroshima)
34°12′22.4″N 132°40′45.8″E / 34.206222°N 132.679389°E / 34.206222; 132.679389 (Akinada Bridge)
 Japan [49]
Semipalatinsk Bridge small.jpg 50 Semipalatinsk Bridge 750 2,461 2000 Semey (East Kazakhstan Province)
50°24′35″N 80°13′28″E / 50.40972°N 80.22444°E / 50.40972; 80.22444 (Semipalatinsk Bridge)
 Kazakhstan [50]
Alfred zampa memorial bridge.jpg 51 New Carquinez Bridge 728 2,388 2003 Vallejo - Crockett
(California)
38°3′39.7″N 122°13′35.5″W / 38.061028°N 122.226528°W / 38.061028; -122.226528 (New Carquinez Bridge)
 United States [51]
Hakucho Bridge 9086532 2.jpg 52 Hakuchō Bridge 720 2,362 1998 Muroran (Hokkaido)
42°21′10.4″N 140°57′1.2″E / 42.352889°N 140.950333°E / 42.352889; 140.950333 (Hakucho Bridge)
 Japan [52]
PuenteOrinoco.jpg 53 Angostura Bridge 712 2,336 1967 Ciudad Bolívar (Bolívar)
8°8′39.9″N 63°35′53.2″W / 8.144417°N 63.598111°W / 8.144417; -63.598111 (Angostura Bridge)
 Venezuela [53]
KANMONKYO Bridge.jpg 54 Kanmon Bridge 712 2,336 1973 Kitakyushu (Fukuoka) - Shimonoseki (Yamaguchi)
33°57′42.2″N 130°57′31.3″E / 33.961722°N 130.958694°E / 33.961722; 130.958694 (Kanmonkyo Bridge)
 Japan [54]
Bay bridge views2.jpg 55 San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge
(east half of West span)
704 2,310 1936 San Francisco - Yerba Buena Island (California)
37°48′12.2″N 122°22′18.9″W / 37.803389°N 122.371917°W / 37.803389; -122.371917 (San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge (east half of West span))
 United States [55]
San Francisco Oakland Bay Bridge-2.jpg 56 San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge
(west half of West span)
704 2,310 1936 San Francisco - Yerba Buena Island (California)
37°47′35.4″N 122°22′59″W / 37.793167°N 122.38306°W / 37.793167; -122.38306 (San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge (west half of West span))
 United States [55]
Bronx Whitestone Bridge 2.jpg 57 Bronx-Whitestone Bridge 701 2,300 1939 New York City (New York)
40°48′6.7″N 73°49′47.2″W / 40.801861°N 73.829778°W / 40.801861; -73.829778 (Bronx-Whitestone Bridge)
 United States [56]
Stord Bridge (Stordabruo)-edit.jpg 58 Stord Bridge 677 2,221 2001 Stord - Føyno (Hordaland)
59°44′53″N 5°24′10.6″E / 59.74806°N 5.402944°E / 59.74806; 5.402944 (Stord Bridge)
 Norway [57]
Pont Pierre-Laporte de Québec.jpg 59 Pierre Laporte Bridge 668 2,192 1969 Quebec City (Quebec)
46°44′42.8″N 71°17′25.7″W / 46.745222°N 71.290472°W / 46.745222; -71.290472 (Pierre Laporte Bridge)
 Canada [58]
Leaving Philadelphia.jpg 60 Delaware Memorial Bridge
(northbound)
656 2,152 1951 New Castle (Delaware) - Deepwater (New Jersey)
39°41′20.3″N 75°31′5″W / 39.688972°N 75.51806°W / 39.688972; -75.51806 (Delaware Memorial Bridge (northbound))
 United States [59]
Delaware Memorial Bridge From NJ Side.jpg 61 Delaware Memorial Bridge
(southbound)
656 2,152 1968 New Castle (Delaware) - Deepwater (New Jersey)
39°41′18.2″N 75°31′6.2″W / 39.688389°N 75.518389°W / 39.688389; -75.518389 (Delaware Memorial Bridge (southbound))
 United States [59]
Haicang Bridge cropped.jpg 62 Haicang Bridge 648 2,126 1999 Xiamen (Fujian)
24°29′50.2″N 118°4′7.2″E / 24.497278°N 118.068667°E / 24.497278; 118.068667 (Haicang Bridge)
 China [60]
Beipanjiang Highway Suspension Bridge-1.jpg 63 Beipan River Hukun Expressway Bridge 636 2,087 2009 Qinglong County (Guizhou)
25°53′58.1″N 105°19′25″E / 25.899472°N 105.32361°E / 25.899472; 105.32361 (Beipanjiang River 2009 Bridge)
 China [61]
64 Puli Bridge 628 2,060 2015[62] Pulixiang (Yunnan)
26°19′20.6″N 104°35′16″E / 26.322389°N 104.58778°E / 26.322389; 104.58778 (Puli Bridge)
 China [63]
Gjemnessundbrua 02.jpg 65 Gjemnessund Bridge 623 2,044 1992 Gjemnes - Bergsøya (Møre og Romsdal)
62°58′17″N 7°46′47″E / 62.97139°N 7.77972°E / 62.97139; 7.77972 (Gjemnessund Bridge)
 Norway [64]
Yuzui Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 66 Yuzui Yangtze Bridge 616 2,021 2009 Yuzuizhen (Chongqing)
29°36′40.7″N 106°46′21.2″E / 29.611306°N 106.772556°E / 29.611306; 106.772556 (Yuzui Yangtze Bridge)
 China [65]
Walt Whitman Bridge-2.jpg 67 Walt Whitman Bridge 610 2,001 1957 Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) - Gloucester City (New Jersey)
39°54′18.7″N 75°7′46.1″W / 39.905194°N 75.129472°W / 39.905194; -75.129472 (Walt Whitman Bridge)
 United States [66]
France pont TANCARVILLE 01.jpg 68 Tancarville Bridge 608 1,995 1959 Tancarville (Seine-Maritime) - Marais-Vernier (Eure)
49°28′21.6″N 0°27′52.8″E / 49.472667°N 0.464667°E / 49.472667; 0.464667 (Tancarville Bridge)
 France [67]
Lillebælt, Denmark, Lillebæltsbroen.jpg 69 New Little Belt Bridge 600 1,969 1970 Middelfart - Fredericia (Region of Southern Denmark)
55°31′7.1″N 9°44′56.9″E / 55.518639°N 9.749139°E / 55.518639; 9.749139 (New Little Belt Bridge)
 Denmark [68]
Kurushima Kaikyo Bridge-2edit.jpg 70 First Kurushima-Kaikyō Bridge 600 1,969 1999 Umashima Island - Ōshima (Ehime)
34°7′32.9″N 133°0′45.1″E / 34.125806°N 133.012528°E / 34.125806; 133.012528 (First Kurushima-Kaikyō Bridge)
 Japan [31]
E'gongyan Bridge-1.jpg 71 E'gongyan Bridge 600 1,969 2000 Chongqing
29°31′23.9″N 106°31′41.7″E / 29.523306°N 106.528250°E / 29.523306; 106.528250 (E'gongyan Bridge)
 China [69]
Osterøybrua 2.jpg 72 Osterøy Bridge 595 1,952 1997 Bergen - Osterøy (Hordaland)
60°25′33.4″N 5°32′9.5″E / 60.425944°N 5.535972°E / 60.425944; 5.535972 (Osterøy Bridge)
 Norway [70]
Second Wanzhou Yangtze Bridge.JPG 73 Second Wanxian Bridge 580 1,903 2003 Wanzhou District (Chongqing)
30°49′33.2″N 108°24′17.2″E / 30.825889°N 108.404778°E / 30.825889; 108.404778 (Second Wanxian Bridge)
 China [71]
Indre Bømlafjorden-2.jpg 74 Bømla Bridge 577 1,893 2001 Nautøy - Spissøy (Hordaland)
59°44′13.5″N 5°22′37.2″E / 59.737083°N 5.377000°E / 59.737083; 5.377000 (Bømla Bridge)
 Norway [57]
IMG 1614 rainbow bridge Tokyo-2.JPG 75 Rainbow Bridge 570 1,870 1993 Tokyo
35°38′11.6″N 139°45′47.4″E / 35.636556°N 139.763167°E / 35.636556; 139.763167 (Rainbow Bridge (Tokyo))
 Japan [72]
Ambassador Bridge, Windsor2.jpg 76 Ambassador Bridge 564 1,850 1929 Detroit (Michigan) - Windsor (Ontario)
42°18′43.2″N 83°4′27.2″W / 42.312000°N 83.074222°W / 42.312000; -83.074222 (Ambassador Bridge)
 United States
 Canada
[73]
The Hakata Bridge comes into view2.jpg 77 Hakata-Ōshima Bridge 560 1,837 1988 Ōshima - Hakatajima (Ehime)
34°11′32.2″N 133°4′20.2″E / 34.192278°N 133.072278°E / 34.192278; 133.072278 (Hakata-Ōshima Bridge)
 Japan [74]
Zhong County Yangtze River Bridge.JPG 78 Zhongxian Yangtze River Bridge 560 1,837 2001 Zhong County (Chongqing)
30°18′6.6″N 108°2′56.8″E / 30.301833°N 108.049111°E / 30.301833; 108.049111 (Zhongxian Yangtze River Bridge)
 China [75]
Throggs Neck Bridge, NYC - 2001-edit.jpg 79 Throgs Neck Bridge 549 1,801 1961 New York City (New York)
40°48′0.9″N 73°47′36″W / 40.800250°N 73.79333°W / 40.800250; -73.79333 (Throgs Neck Bridge)
 United States [76]
豊島大橋とrosso2.jpg 80 Toyoshima Bridge 540 1,772 2008 Teshima Island - Kami-Kamagari Island (Hiroshima)
34°10′35.1″N 132°46′6.9″E / 34.176417°N 132.768583°E / 34.176417; 132.768583 (Toyoshima Bridge)
 Japan [77]
81 Liujiaxia Bridge 538 1,759 2012 Liujiaxiazhen (Gansu)
35°50′42.47″N 103°15′56.83″E / 35.8451306°N 103.2657861°E / 35.8451306; 103.2657861 (Liujiaxia Bridge)
 China [78][79]
Ben Franklin Br.jpg 82 Benjamin Franklin Bridge 533.7 1,751 1926 Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) - Camden (New Jersey)
39°57′10.5″N 75°8′3.3″W / 39.952917°N 75.134250°W / 39.952917; -75.134250 (Benjamin Franklin Bridge)
 United States [80]
Skjombrua-2.jpg 83 Skjomen Bridge 525 1,722 1972 Narvik (Nordland)
68°22′15.4″N 17°14′27.5″E / 68.370944°N 17.240972°E / 68.370944; 17.240972 (Skjomen Bridge)
 Norway [81]
Kvalsund Bridge-2.jpg 84 Kvalsund Bridge 525 1,722 1977 Kvalsund (Finnmark)
70°30′45.3″N 23°57′5.6″E / 70.512583°N 23.951556°E / 70.512583; 23.951556 (Kvalsund Bridge)
 Norway [82]
Dale Panorama2.jpg 85 Dalsfjord Bridge (no) 523 1,716 2013 Dale - Askvoll (Sogn og Fjordane)
61°22′26.4″N 5°23′47″E / 61.374000°N 5.39639°E / 61.374000; 5.39639 (Dalsfjorden Bridge)
 Norway [83]
Pont Marechal, Matadi, Congo.jpg 86 Matadi Bridge 520 1,706 1983 Matadi (Bas-Congo)
5°49′31.4″S 13°26′3.1″E / 5.825389°S 13.434194°E / -5.825389; 13.434194 (Matadi Bridge)
 Democratic Republic of the Congo [84]
Emmerich am Rhein, Rheinbrücke, Rhine Bridge-2.jpg 87 Emmerich Rhine Bridge 500 1,640 1965 Emmerich am Rhein (North Rhine-Westphalia)
51°49′44.8″N 6°13′35″E / 51.829111°N 6.22639°E / 51.829111; 6.22639 (Emmerich Rhine Bridge)
 Germany [85]
Dazi Bridge-1.jpg 88 Dazi Bridge 500 1,640 1984 Dazi (Tibet)
29°40′45.84″N 91°22′32.16″E / 29.6794000°N 91.3756000°E / 29.6794000; 91.3756000 (Dazi Bridge)
 China [86]
89 Wanjiazhai Dam Bridge 500 1,640 1994 Wanjiazhaizhen (Shanxi)
39°34′51.14″N 111°25′42.64″E / 39.5808722°N 111.4285111°E / 39.5808722; 111.4285111 (Wanjiazhai Dam Bridge)
 China [87]
The Gwangan Bridge-edit.jpg 90 Gwangan Bridge 500 1,640 2002 Busan
35°8′44.8″N 129°7′41.8″E / 35.145778°N 129.128278°E / 35.145778; 129.128278 (Gwangan Bridge)
 South Korea [88]

Bridges under construction[edit]

Most of the large suspension bridges built in recent years have been in the People's Republic of China. As the following list shows, most of the bridges under construction are also in China.

    Name Main
span
metres
Main
span
feet
Year to open Location Country
Yangsigang Yangtze River Bridge
杨泗港长江大桥
1,700 5,600 2019 Wuhan (Hubei)
30°30′24″N 114°15′24″E / 30.50667°N 114.25667°E / 30.50667; 114.25667 (Yangsigang Yangtze River Bridge)
 China [89]
Longjiang River Bridge 1,196 3,924 2016 Wuhexiang (Yunnan)
24°50′19.7″N 98°40′19.9″E / 24.838806°N 98.672194°E / 24.838806; 98.672194 (Longjiang River Bridge)
 China [90]
Taku Bridge 1,190 1522 2018 Lijiang, Yunnan
26°19′23.2″N 104°35′12.3″E / 26.323111°N 104.586750°E / 26.323111; 104.586750 (Taku Bridge)
 China
Longmen Bridge (Guangxi) 1,160 3,806 2016 Fangchenggang - Qinzhou (Guangxi)
21°45′11.2″N 108°33′18.9″E / 21.753111°N 108.555250°E / 21.753111; 108.555250 (Longmen Bridge (Guangxi))
 China
Hålogalandsbrua 11. september 2015.JPG Hålogaland Bridge 1,145 3,757 2017 Rombaken, Narvik
68°27′32″N 17°28′56″E / 68.45889°N 17.48222°E / 68.45889; 17.48222 (Hålogaland Bridge)
 Norway
Luding Yaye Expressway Bridge 1,100 2017 Luding County, Sichuan
29°57′55.4″N 102°12′53.6″E / 29.965389°N 102.214889°E / 29.965389; 102.214889 (Luding Yaye Expressway Bridge)
 China
Second Namhae Bridge 890 2,920 2016 Namhaedo (South Gyeongsang Province)
34°56′34.4″N 127°51′58.6″E / 34.942889°N 127.866278°E / 34.942889; 127.866278 (Second Namhae Bridge)
 South Korea [91]
Cuntan Bridge 880 2,887 2016 Chongqing
29°37′14.2″N 106°36′21.8″E / 29.620611°N 106.606056°E / 29.620611; 106.606056 (Cuntan Bridge)
 China
Jeokgeum Bridge 850 2,790 2016 Ucheon - Jeokgeum (South Jeolla Province)
34°37′43″N 127°30′15″E / 34.62861°N 127.50417°E / 34.62861; 127.50417 (Jeokgeum Bridge)
 South Korea [92]
Sunxihe Bridge
笋溪河特大桥
660 2,165 2017 Bailinzhen (Chongqing)  China [93]
Jinshajiang Bridge Hulukou
葫芦口大桥
656 2,152 2016 Hulukouzhen (Sichuan)  China [94]
Dimuhe River Bridge 538 1,765 2016 Liupanshui (Guizhou)
26°39′15″N 105°4′14.8″E / 26.65417°N 105.070778°E / 26.65417; 105.070778 (Dimuhe River Bridge)
 China [95]

Planned and proposed bridges[edit]

Name Location Main
span
Status Notes
Gibraltar Bridge Spain to Morocco Very long Proposed Some designs have suspension spans of several miles. The suspension cables of a very long bridge might be suspended from the ends of cable-stayed struts extending diagonally from huge pylons. However, as of 2008, the feasibility of a tunnel is being considered instead.
HAFAST Sulafjorden, Norway 4,000 m (13,000 ft) Bridge under planning Will replace the ferry connecting Hareid and Sula, as well as being part of the national "Ferry-free E39" project. Expected start 2020 and finished 2024?
Sognebrua Sognefjorden, Norway 3,700 m (12,100 ft) Proposed One of several proposals for crossing the 1300m deep fjord as part of making the E39 highway along Norway's west coast ferry-free. The bridge would utilize two towers 450 m tall and have a maximum clearance above water of 70 m. Plans call for the highway project, including this crossing, to finish by 2025.
Strait of Messina Bridge Sicily to mainland Italy 3,300 m (10,800 ft) Cancelled The project was canceled on 11 October 2006 by the Romano Prodi-led government amid controversy concerning the bridge's cost.[96] The new government from 2008 led by Silvio Berlusconi wanted to pick up the project again. Preliminary works were to begin in December 2009. The main construction was expected to begin in 2012. As of February 2013, the project has again been cancelled.
Sunda Strait Bridge Java to Sumatra, Indonesia about 3,000 m (9,800 ft) Preliminary work This project has been approved by the Indonesian government. If completed, it will not only be the world's longest suspension bridge (26 km), but will also have a main span of about 3,000 m (9,800 ft)—roughly fifty percent longer than the current record.[97]
Malacca Strait Bridge Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia to Sumatra, Indonesia 2,600 m (8,500 ft) Preliminary work Joint project between the Malaysian and Indonesian governments for a 48 km long crossing. Included is a suspension span of 2,600 m and a cable-stayed span of 1,200 m; making both longer than any existing in their category.
Storfjord Bridge Storfjorden, Norway 2,300 m (7,500 ft) Plans under consideration Will replace the ferry connecting the municipalities of Sykkylven and Ålesund as well as being part of the "ferry-free E39" project. Unusually, the proposed design will have the roadway split around single column towers.
Çanakkale Suspension Bridge Crossing the Dardanelles, Turkey 2,023 m (6,637 ft) Plans under consideration The bridge will be part of the Çanakkale-Tekirdağ-Kınalı-Balıkesir highway project.
Edvard Grieg Bridge Halsafjord, Norway about 2,000 m (6,600 ft) Proposed The bridge will replace a ferry, and reduce the driving time between Trondheim and Molde by 34 minutes.
Mao Zedong Bridge Qiongzhou Strait, China about 2,000 m (6,600 ft) Preliminary work A suspension bridge is being considered to cross the 22.5 km wide Qiongzhou Strait.[98] One design consists of four bridges strung together with four main spans of 2,000 m, two main-spans of 1,800 m, five anchorages and 10 towers.[99] If completed this bridge will assume six of the top seven longest spans.
Chacao Channel bridge Chiloé to mainland Chile 1,100 m (3,600 ft) Preliminary work [100] This unusual design had two main spans of 1,055 m and 1,100 m without an anchorage between them. Construction was supposed to begin in 2007 and completed in 2012, but because of cost overruns, the project is now on hold.

History of longest suspension spans[edit]

Bridge Location length
m (ft)
Year became
longest span
Notes
Maya Bridge at Yaxchilan Mexico 62 m (203 ft) 600 Hemp-rope simple suspension footbridge. Existence unproven. No longer standing.
Old Chain-Bridge at Chaksam.jpg Chakzam Bridge Tibet 137 m (449 ft) 1430 Chain suspension footbridge south of Lhasa, built by Thangtong Gyalpo. Reported by British spies to still be in use in 1878. Later (before 1904) fell into disuse after river course changed, swamping the northern end.[101] Dynamited by Chinese soldiers after the Chinese invasion of Tibet in 1950.[102]
Union Chain Bridge.jpg Union Bridge UK 137 m (449 ft) 1820 The oldest in the world still in use today.
Menai Suspension Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 79009.jpg Menai Suspension Bridge UK 176 m (577 ft) 1826
Zähringen Bridge circa 1920.jpg Great Suspension Bridge Fribourg, Switzerland 271 m (889 ft) 1834 The bridge was replaced by the Zähringen Bridge in the 1920s.
Wheeling Suspension Bridge.jpg Wheeling Suspension Bridge West Virginia - Ohio 308 m (1,010 ft) 1849 The longest deck span from 1849 until 1866, and the oldest vehicular suspension bridge in use in the United States.
Queenston-Lewiston Bridge 1915.jpg Queenston-Lewiston Bridge US and Canada 317 m (1,040 ft) 1851 The longest cable span from 1851 until it was destroyed by wind in 1864. However, the road deck span was only 258 meters long.
CovingtonKY JARoeblingBridge.jpg John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge Kentucky - Ohio 322 m (1,056 ft) 1866
New Suspension Bridge - Niagara Falls.jpg Niagara Clifton Bridge US and Canada 384 m (1,260 ft) 1869 Replaced in 1899.
Brooklyn Bridge Postdlf.jpg Brooklyn Bridge New York City, US 486 m (1,594 ft) 1883
WilliamsburgBridge1903 crop.jpg Williamsburg Bridge New York City, US 488 m (1,601 ft) 1903 It was the longest suspension span but not the longest span of all bridges. The Forth Railway Bridge with two spans of 521 m was longer.
Bear Mountain Bridge from below.jpg Bear Mountain Bridge New York, US 497 m (1,631 ft) 1924 It was the longest suspension span but not the longest span of all bridges. The Quebec Bridge with a span of 549 m was longer. The first suspension bridge to have a concrete deck. The construction methods pioneered in building it would make possible several much larger projects to follow.
2012 Ben Franklin Bridge and Race Street Pier.jpg Benjamin Franklin Bridge Pennsylvania - New Jersey, US 533 m (1,749 ft) 1926 It was the longest suspension span but not the longest span of all bridges.
Ambassador bridge in Windsor1.jpg Ambassador Bridge US and Canada 564 m (1,850 ft) 1929 Since this bridge was built, the record for longest bridge span has only been held by suspension bridges.
George Washington Bridge, HAER NY-129-28.jpg George Washington Bridge New York - New Jersey, US 1,067 m (3,501 ft) 1931 The first span longer than 1 km.
Golden Gate Bridge Clear.JPG Golden Gate Bridge California 1,280 m (4,200 ft) 1937
New York City Verrazano-Narrows Bridge.jpg Verrazano-Narrows Bridge New York City, US 1,298 m (4,259 ft) 1964
Humber Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 1516611.jpg Humber Bridge United Kingdom 1,410 m (4,630 ft) 1981
Akashi bridge.jpg Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge Japan 1,991 m (6,532 ft) 1998 The longest span since 1998.

The first main span longer than 1-mile (1.6 km).

Sources: [103][104][105]

Other record holding suspension bridges[edit]

See also[edit]

Comparison of the side elevations of some notable bridges at the same scale. (click for interactive version)

References[edit]

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Note: Some of the information posted on the following sites may differ from that above. As of 21 February 2006, the sites were out of date or inaccurate as noted in parenthesis

Further reading[edit]

  • Podolny, Jr., Walter; Goodyear, David (2006). "Cable-suspended bridges". In Roger L. Brockenbrough. Structural steel designer's handbook : AISC, AASHTO, AISI, ASTM, AREMA, and ASCE-07 design standards (4 ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. pp. 15.13–15.16. ISBN 0071432183. —includes a list of major suspension bridges by length

External links[edit]