List of last surviving veterans of military operations

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This is a chronological list of the last known surviving veterans of battles, sieges, campaigns, and other military operations throughout history. The listed operations span from the 5th century BC to the end of World War II. Excluded from this list are last living veterans of wars and insurgencies.

Pre-17th century[edit]

Engagement Starting date Service Name Lifespan Notes
Battle of Thermopylae 30 August/ 8–10 September, 480 BC Spartan Army Aristodemus of Sparta ?–479 BC Killed in action at Plataea.
Battle of Badr 13 March 624 Muslim Army Abu al-Yusr Ka'b ibn Amr 599–675 Last soldier to serve under Muhammad at the battle.[1]
Battle of Hastings 14 October 1066 Norman Army Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester c.1050 – 1118 Last Norman nobleman to participate.

17th century[edit]

Engagement Starting date Service Name Lifespan Notes
Battle of Edgehill 23 October 1642 Royalist Army William Hiseland 1620–1732 Last veteran of the English Civil War.
Battle of Killiecrankie 27 July 1689 Scottish militia John Dennis c.1668 – 1770 [2][3]

18th century[edit]

Engagement Starting date Service Name Lifespan Notes
Battle of Malplaquet 11 September 1709 British Army Ambrose Tennant c.1693 – 1800 [4][5]
Battle of Sheriffmuir 13 November 1715 John Hastie 1698–1798 [6][7]
Battle of Culloden 16 April 1746 Jacobite Army Auld Dubrach 1714?–1824 Claimed last Jacobite.
Siege of Fort William Henry 3 August 1757 British Army David Thompson Jr. 1736–1836 [8][9]
Siege of Louisbourg 8 June 1758 James Thompson 1733–1830 Served as an engineer.[10][11]
Battle of Quebec 13 September 1759
Siege of Havana 6 June 1762 Ezekiel Blackmarr 1742–1841 [12]
Battle of Point Pleasant 10 October 1774 Virginia militia Samuel Bonnifield 1752–1848 [13]
Battles of Lexington and Concord 19 April 1775 Massachusetts Minutemen Jonathan Harrington 1758–1854 Last Lexington veteran.[14][15]
Amos Baker 1756–1850 Last Concord veteran.[16]
Battle of Kings Mountain 7 October 1780 Continental Army Robert Henry 1767–1863 [17]
Battle of Dogger Bank 5 August 1781 Dutch Royal Navy Abraham Losgert [nl] 1764–1856 Served on Admiraal Piet Hein.[18]
Battle of Groton Heights 6 September 1781 Continental Army Robert Gallup 1760–1858 [19][20][21]
Siege of Yorktown 28 September 1781 John Gray 1764–1868 [22]
Battle of Turnhout 27 October 1789 Brabant Revolutionary Army Antoon Coninckx-Bollen 1775–1868 [23][24]
Battle of Maciejowice 10 October 1794 Polish Army Antoni Piórecki 1764–1870 [25]
Battle of Cape St Vincent 14 February 1797 British Royal Navy Henry King 1783–1874 Served on HMS Namur.[26]

19th century[edit]

Engagement Starting date Service Name Lifespan Notes
Battle of Trafalgar 21 October 1805 Spanish Navy Gaspar Costela Vasquez 1787–1892 Served on Santa Ana.[27]: 184 [28][29]
French Navy Emmanuel Louis Cartigny 1790–1892 Served on Redoutable.[27]: 346 
British Royal Navy Joseph Sutherland 1789–1890 Served on HMS Beaulieu.[30][31]
Battle of Austerlitz 2 December 1805 French Army Philippe C. Drummel 1797–1892 [32]
Battle of Corunna 16 January 1809 British Army Thomas Palmer 1789–1889 [33][34]
French invasion of Russia 24 June 1812 French Army Nicolas Savin 1792?–1894 [35]
Russian Army Vasilij Nikolaevich Kochetkov [ru] 1785–1892 [36]
Battle of Smolensk 16 August 1812 French Army Hector Nizole 1793–1893 [37]
USS Constitution vs HMS Guerriere 19 August 1812 United States Navy Joseph Burrows Tifftz[38] 1782–1878 Served on USS Constitution.[39]
Battle of Borodino 7 September 1812 Russian Army Vasilij Nikolaevich Kochetkov [ru] 1785–1892 [36]
Capture of USS Chesapeake 1 June 1813 British Royal Navy Provo Wallis 1791–1892 Served on HMS Shannon.[40]
United States Navy Benjamin Trefethen 1790–1886 Served on USS Chesapeake.[40][41][42]
Battle of the Thames 5 October 1813 United States Army David McCoy 1790–1895 [43]
Battle of Leipzig 16 October 1813 Austrian Army Anton Lipp 1793?–1895 [44]
Russian Army Vasilij Nikolaevich Kochetkov [ru] 1785–1892 [36]
Battle of Paris 30 March 1814 French Army Émile Mellinet [fr] 1798–1894
Russian Army Vasilij Nikolaevich Kochetkov [ru] 1785–1892 [36]
Battle of Baltimore 12 September 1814 United States Army Elijah Bouldin Glenn 1796–1898 [45]
Battle of North Point William Welsh 1800–1894 [45]
Battle of New Orleans 8 January 1815 Joseph Coffman 1804–1897 [46][47]
Battle of Ligny 16 June 1815 French Army Constantin Benoit Joseph Denis 1793–1893 [48][49]
Battle of Waterloo Louis-Victor Baillot [fr] 1793–1898
British Army Ferdinand Scharnhorst 1799–1893 King's German Legion.[50][51][52]
Battle of Quatre Bras 18 June 1815 French Army Louis-Victor Baillot [fr] 1793–1898
Battle of Juncal 9 February 1827 Argentine Navy Enrique Sinclair 1805–1904 [53][54]
Battle of Navarino 20 October 1827 British Royal Navy John W. Stainer 1808–1907 Served on HMS Talbot.[55]
French Navy Louis Pèlabon 1814–1906 Served on Sirène.[56][57]
Ten Days' Campaign 2 August 1831 Dutch Royal Army Corstiaan Hagers 1811–1915 Last holder of the Metal Cross [nl].[58][59]
Belgian Revolutionary Army Jean-Philippe Lavallé 1809–1913 Fought at Leuven.[60][61]
Battle of the Alamo 23 February 1836 Texan Army Benjamin Franklin Highsmith 1817–1905 Left as a courier during the siege.[62][63]
Battle of San Jacinto 21 April 1836 William Physick Zuber 1820–1913 [64][65]
Battle of Sidi Brahim 22 September 1845 French Army Guillaume Rolland 1821–1915 [66][67]
Siege of Fort Texas 3 May 1846 United States Army Josiah Turner 1826–1916 [68][69]
Battle of Monterey 7 July 1846 Anson A. Pike 1820–1916 [70]
Siege of Veracruz 9 March 1847 United States Navy Owen Thomas Edgar 1831–1929 Served on USS Potomac.[71]
Battle of Churubusco 20 August 1847 Mexican Army Antonio Rincón Gallardo 1833–1928 [72]
United States Army Amasa Gleason Clark 1825–1927 [73][74]
Battle for Mexico City 8 September 1847 United States Navy Owen Thomas Edgar 1831–1929 Served on USS Allegheny.[71]
Battle of Chapultepec 12 September 1847 United States Army Calvin E. Myers 1830–1928 [75]
Battle of Isaszeg 6 April 1849 Hungarian Revolutionary Army József Fischl 1827–1929 [76]
Battle of Segesvár 31 July 1849
Battle of Bomarsund 21 June 1854 British Royal Navy Francis John Peake Shapcote 1837–1937 Served on HMS St Jean d'Acre.[77]
Charge of the Light Brigade 25 October 1854 British Army Edwin Hughes 1830–1927 [78]
Thin Red Line Charles Ellingworth 1833–1927 [79]
Battle of Inkerman 5 November 1854 Joseph Pritchard Wellspring 1839–1933 [80]
Battle of the Eureka Stockade 3 December 1854 Stockade rebels William Edward Atherdon 1838–1936 [81][82]
Battle of Magenta 4 June 1859 Sardinian Army Simone Piffaretti 1843–1940 [83]
Battle of Solferino 24 June 1859 Austrian Army Anton Neubauer 1836–1941 [84][85]
Sardinian Army Simone Piffaretti 1843–1940 [83]
Battle of Fort Sumter 12 April 1861 Union Army William Henry Hamner 1838–1925 [86][87][88]
Battle of Philippi 3 June 1861 James Wesley Bodley 1842–1935 [89]
Battle of Boonville 17 June 1861 Charles John Walden 1844–1932 [90][91]
First Battle of Bull Run 21 July 1861 James Hard 1841–1951 [92]: 629 [93]: 873 
Battle of Hampton Roads 8 March 1862 Confederate Navy John Patrick Kevill 1844–1941 Served on CSS Virginia.[94][95]: 157 [96][97]
Union Navy John Ambrose Driscoll 1839–1921 Served on USS Monitor.[98][95]: 157 [99]
Battle of Shiloh 6 April 1862 Union Army Daniel A. Wedge 1841–1947 [92]: 629 [93]
Andrews' Raid 12 April 1862 John Reed Porter 1838–1923
Confederate Army Henry P. Haney 1846–1923 [100][101]
Battle of Puebla 5 May 1862 Mexican Army Francisco Arellano Zenteno 1842–1935 [102]
Seven Days Battles 25 June 1862 Union Army James Hard 1841–1951 [92]: 873 
Battle of Gaines's Mill 27 June 1862
Battle of Malvern Hill 1 July 1862
Battle of Fort Ridgely 20 September 1862 Charles Marian Culver 1849–1943 [103]
Battle of Antietam 17 September 1862 James Hard 1841–1951 [95]: 155 
Battle of Fredericksburg 11 December 1862 Charles Douglass 1847–1950 [95]: 19 [92]: 790 
Battle of Stones River 31 December 1862 Confederate Army Samuel Merrill Raney 1847–1950 [104]: 1629 [105]
Union Army George Washington Grizzle 1845–1949 [92]: 763 
Battle of Chancellorsville 30 April 1863 James Hard 1841–1951 [95]: 155 [92]: 873 
Siege of Vicksburg 18 May 1863 Derritt Higgins Chapman 1845–1948 [92]: 716 
Confederate Army Solomon Bedford Strickland 1839?–1947 [104]: 1483 
Morgan's Raid 11 June 1863 Union Army Thomas F. Ambrose 1849–1949 [92]: 776 [106]
Battle of Gettysburg 1 July 1863 James Marion Lurvey 1847–1950 [107][108][95]: 155 [92]: 809 
Confederate Army James D. Dickerson[109] 1844–1948 [104]: 1559 [110]
Second Battle of Fort Wagner 18 July 1863 Union Army Eli G. Biddle 1846–1940 Last member of the 54th Massachusetts.[92]: 982 [111][95]: 157 [112]
Defence of Pukekohe East 13 September 1863 British Army Joseph Corbett Scott 1838–1940 [113]
Battle of Chickamauga 18 September 1863 Union Army William Evan Whittinghill 1848–1949 [114][115]
Battle of Missionary Ridge 25 November 1863
Battle of Dybbøl 7 April 1864 Danish Army Ove Henning Jacobsen 1841–1941 [116]
Battle of the Wilderness 5 May 1864 Union Army John Henry Grate 1845–1949 [92]: 765 
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House 8 May 1864 Charles H. Duckworth 1846–1949 [95]: 44 [92]: 755 
Battle of Heligoland 9 May 1864 Danish Royal Navy Hans Hansen 1842–1939 Served on Jylland.[117][118]
Battle of New Market 15 May 1864 Union Army Charles H. Duckworth 1846–1949 [92]: 755 
Siege of Petersburg 15 June 1864 Confederate Army Pleasant Crump 1847–1951
Union Army Charles Lysander Chappel 1847–1949 [119]
Battle of Cherbourg 19 June 1864 Union Navy William Alsdorf 1843–1933 Served on USS Kearsarge.[120][121]
Confederate Navy Arthur Sinclair 1837–1925 Served on CSS Alabama.[120]
Battle of the Crater 30 July 1864 Confederate Army Theodore Norman Mayo 1845–1948 [104]: 1561 [122]
Union Army Alvin Smith 1843–1948 [92]: 720 [123][124]
Battle of Mobile Bay 2 August 1864 Union Navy Henry Doll 1848–1947 Served on USS Hartford.[92]: 586 [95]: 170 [125]: 68 
Sherman's March to the Sea 15 November 1864 Union Army John Simon Dumser 1847–1949 [92]: 785 [126][127]
Battle of Franklin 30 November 1864 Michael Joseph Thralls 1843–1950 [92]: 818 [128][129]
Battle of Nashville 15 December 1864
Second Battle of Fort Fisher 13 January 1865 Confederate Army George Washington Benson 1846–1948 [130][125]: 68 
Union Navy Henry Doll 1848–1947 Served on USS Brooklyn.[92]: 586 [95]: 170 [125]: 69 
Battle of Bentonville 19 March 1865 Confederate Army Ruffin Van Buren Collie 1844–1951 [104]: 1647 
Union Army John Simon Dumser 1847–1949 [92]: 785 
Wilson's Raid 22 March 1865 Charles H. Duckworth 1846–1949 [92]: 755 
Battle of Palmito Ranch 12 May 1865 Confederate Army Henry Spangler 1845–1938 [131]
Battle of Lissa 20 July 1866 Italian Royal Navy Giovanni Simoncini 1840?–1940 Served on Gaeta.[132]
Paris Commune 18 March 1870 Communard revolutionaries Adrien Lejeune [fr] 1847–1942
French Army Eugène François Louis Liné 1850–1940 [133]
Battle of Bazeilles 1 September 1870 Alexandre Rioland 1847–1935 [134]
Siege of Paris 19 September 1870 Émile Chausse [fr] 1850–1941
Second Battle of Adobe Walls 27 June 1874 Comanche warriors Yellowfish 1856–1943 [135][136]
Adobe Walls bison hunters Wesley Kavanaugh Myers 1854–1939 [137][138]
Battle of the Little Bighorn 25 June 1876 Lakota warriors Dewey "Iron Hail" Beard 1858–1955 Miniconjou Lakota.
United States Army Charles Windolph 1851–1950
Battle of Rorke's Drift 22 January 1879 British Army Frank Bourne 1854–1945
Battle of Iquique 21 May 1879 Chilean Navy Wenceslao Vargas [es] 1861–1958 Served on Esmeralda.
Battle of Angamos 8 October 1879 Peruvian Navy Manuel Elías Bonnemaison [es] 1862–1961 Served on Huáscar.[139][140]
Battle of Majuba Hill 27 February 1881 Boer Army Jacob Coetzer 1866–1969 [141]
Battle of Fish Creek 24 April 1885 Canadia Army William Dickie Mills 1866–1971 [142][143]
Battle of Batoche 9 May 1885
Battle of Dogali 26 January 1887 Italian Royal Army Luigi Zoli 1865–1956 [144][145]
Battle of Adwa 1 March 1896 Luigi Naccarato 1870–1975 [146]
Battle of Manila Bay 1 May 1898 United States Navy Archibald M. Forbis 1878–1981 Served on USS McCulloch.[147]
Battle of San Juan Hill 1 July 1898 United States Army Ralph Waldo Taylor 1882–1987 [148]
Siege of Baler Spanish Army Emilio Fabregat Fabregat 1878–1960 [149]
Battle of Omdurman 2 September 1898 British Army James Richard Miles 1879–1977 [150]
Battle of Sugar Point 5 October 1898 United States Army Hubert V. Eva 1869–1971 [151]
Battle of Spion Kop 23 January 1900 Boer Army Pieter Arnoldus Krueler 1885–1986 [152]
Siege of Catubig 15 April 1900 United States Army William John Otjen 1879–1973 [153]

20th century[edit]

Engagement Starting date Service Name Lifespan Notes
Battle of Tsushima 27 May 1905 Imperial Japanese Navy Okura Meiji 1884–1982 Served on Asama.
Imperial Russian Navy Jerzy Wołkowicki 1883–1983 Served on Imperator Nikolai I.
Battle of Yangxia 18 October 1911 Tongmenghui Revolutionary Army Yu Yuzhi 1889–1993 [154]
Battle of Sciara Sciatt 23 October 1911 Italian Royal Army Luigi Gilardi 1892–1993 [155]
Battle of Misrata 16 June 1912 Guido Bellucci 1890–1994 [156][157]
Battle of Coyotepe Hill 3 October 1912 Liberal Party revolutionaries José Pánfilo Ramos Sevilla Pánfilo 1893–2001 [158]
First Dogfight 30 November 1913 Carrancistas Dean Ivan Lamb 1886–1955 Mercenary pilot hired to fly for General Benjamín G. Hill's forces.
Battle of the Frontiers 7 August 1914 French Army Lazare Ponticelli 1897–2008
Battle of Halen 12 August 1914 Belgian Army Arsène Joseph Becuwe [nl] 1891–1992
Battle of Mons 23 August 1914 British Army James Davidson 1897–1999 BEF.[159]
Battle of Le Cateau 26 August 1914 Michael Lally 1894–1999 BEF.[160][161][162]
Siege of Tsingtao 27 August 1914 Imperial German Navy Paul Kley 1894–1992 Seebataillon.[163][164][165]
First Battle of the Marne 6 September 1914 French Army Raymond Abescat 1891–2001
Battle of Zanzibar 20 Sept 1914 British Royal Navy Leonard Claude Lawrance 1890–1982 Served on HMS Pegasus.[166]
First Battle of Ypres 19 October 1914 British Army William Elder 1897–2005 BEF.[167][168][169]
Battle of Tanga 3 November 1914 German East African colonial Army Malonde Maseru 1894–1996 Schutztruppe.[170][171]
Battle of Cocos 9 November 1914 Australian Royal Navy Sidney Sullivan 1896–1997 Served on HMAS Sydney.[172][173]
Imperial German Navy Heyo Aden-Emden 1890–1989 Served on SMS Emden.[174]
Gallipoli Campaign 17 February 1915 Australian Army Alec Campbell 1899–2002 ANZAC.[175]
British Army Percy Goring 1894–2001 MEF.[176][177]
French Army Ernest Stocanne 1894–1999 CEO.[178][179]
French Navy Pierre L'Huillier 1895–1998 Served on the battleship Saint Louis.[180]
Ottoman Army Adil Şahin 1898–1998 III Corps. Fought at the Landing at Anzac Cove.[181][182]
British Royal Navy John "Jack" Walter Gearing 1894–1997 Served on HMS Theseus.[183]
New Zealand Army Alfred Douglas Dibley 1896–1997 ANZAC.[184]
Battle of Verdun 21 February 1915 French Army René Marie-Martial Moreau 1897–2005 [185]
Battle of Neuve Chapelle 10 March 1915 British Army Alfred Anderson 1896–2005 BEF. Last known participant of the Christmas truce.
Second Battle of Ypres 2 April 1915 William Elder 1897–2005 BEF.[167][168][169]
First Battle of the Isonzo 23 June 1915 Italian Royal Army Carlo Orelli 1894–2005
Landing at Suvla Bay 6 August 1915 British Army Robert Richard Barron 1895–1999 MEF.[186]
Battle of the Nek 7 August 1915 Australian Army Leonard "Len" Hall 1897–1999 ANZAC.[187][188][189]
Battle of Loos 25 September 1915 British Army Alfred Anderson 1896–2005
Serbian army's retreat through Albania 25 November 1915 Serbian Army Aleksa Radovanović 1900–2004
Battle of Columbus 9 March 1916 Villistas Juan Carlos Caballero Vega 1900–2010 División del Norte.[190]
Battle of Jutland 31 May 1916 British Royal Navy Henry Allingham 1896–2009 Royal Naval Air Service. Served as a seaplane mechanic on the HMT Kingfisher.
Henry St John Fancourt 1900–2004 Served on HMS Princess Royal
Imperial German Navy Willy Schinkel 1896–2002 Served on SMS Kaiser.[191]
Storming of Fort Vaux 1 June 1916 French Army Ferdinand Viviès 1895–1995 [192]
Battle of the Somme 1 July 1916 Claude-Marie Boucaud [fr] 1895–2005 [185]
British Army Albert Marshall 1897–2005 [193]
Battle of Delville Wood 14 July 1916 South African Army Joeseph Samuels 1897–1998 SAOEF.[194]
Battle of Pozières 23 July 1916 Australian Army Marcel Caux 1899–2004 I ANZAC Corps
Battle of Bucharest 27 November 1916 Romanian Army Titus Gârbea [ro] 1893–1998 [195][196]
First Battle of Gaza 26 March 1917 Australian Army McRae Archibald Cameron 1898–1997 I ANZAC Corps. ANZAC Mounted Division.[197]
Bloody April 1 April 1917 British Army Norman Baillie Lovemore 1895–1993 Royal Flying Corps.[198]
Battle of Arras 9 April 1917 Albert Marshall 1897–2005 BEF.
Battle of Vimy Ridge Alfred Finnigan 1896–2005 BEF.
Canadian Army Clifford Holliday 1898–2004 CEF.[199][200][201]
Battle of Chemin des Dames 16 April 1917 French Army Louis de Cazenave 1897–2008
Second Battle of Gaza 17 April 1917 Australian Army McRae Archibald Cameron 1898–1997 I ANZAC Corps. ANZAC Mounted Division.[197]
Battle of Messines 7 June 1917 Edward Smout 1898–2004 RAAMC.
New Zealand Army Bright Williams 1897–2003 NZEF.[202]
Battle of Zborov 1 July 1917 Imperial Russian Army Alois Vocásek 1896–2003 Czechoslovak Legion.
Battle of Passchendaele 31 July 1917 British Army Harry Patch 1898–2009 BEF.[203]
New Zealand Army Bright Williams 1897–2003 NZEF.[202]
Battle of Mărășești 6 August 1917 Romanian Army Lăcătușu Dumitrașcu [ro] 1891–1999 [204]
Third Battle of Oituz 8 August 1917
Battle of Caporetto 24 October 1917 Italian Royal Army Delfino Borroni 1898–2008
Battle of Beersheba 31 October 1917 British Army Jasper Cecil Hankinson 1896–2004 EEF.[205]
Australian Army Leonard "Len" Hall 1897–1999 EEF. Desert Mounted Corps. Last participant of the Light Horse charge.[187][188][189]
Third Battle of Gaza 1 November 1917 Albert Ernest Whitmore 1899–2002 EEF. Last Australian Light Horse veteran.[206][207]
Battle of Hareira and Sheria 6 November 1917 British Army Harold Judd 1898–1998 EEF.[208]
Charge at Huj 8 November 1917 Darcy Harold Jones 1896–2000 EEF.[209][210][211]
Battle of Monte Grappa 13 November 1917 Italian Royal Army Lazare Ponticelli 1897–2008
Battle of Jerusalem 17 November 1917 British Army Jasper Cecil Hankinson 1896–2004 EEF.[205]
Australian Army Albert Ernest Whitmore 1899–2002 EEF. Desert Mounted Corps.[206][207]
Battle of Cambrai 20 November 1917 British Army Albert Marshall 1897–2005 BEF.
Norman Margrave Dillon 1896–1997 Tank Corps.[212][213]
Battle of Kruty 29/ 30 January 1918 Ukrainian People's Army Matthew Danyluk [uk] 1892–1994
Ice March 9 February 1918 Volunteer Army Boris Mikhailovich Ivanov [ru] 1895–1993
Steppe March 25 February 1918 Don Army Nikolai Mikhailovich Pokhlebin 1901–1991 [214]
Battle of the Lys 7 April 1918 Portuguese Army José Maria Hermano Baptista [pt] 1895–2002 CEP.
Battle of Tampere 21 April 1918 Finnish White Army Lauri Nurminen 1906–2009
Zeebrugge Raid 23 April 1918 British Royal Navy Sidney Hesse 1899–2002 Served on HMS Phoebe.[215][216]
Alfred Ambrose Hutchinson 1895–2002 Royal Marines. Served on HMS Iris II.[217]
Battle of Vyborg 21 April 1918 Finnish Red Army Aarne Arvonen [fi] 1897–2009
Second Battle of Jordan 30 April 1918 Australian Army Albert Ernest Whitmore 1899–2002 EEF. Desert Mounted Corps.[206][207]
Battle of Sardarabad 22 May 1918 Armenian Army Senekerim "Sam" Arakelian 1902–2000 [218]
Third Battle of the Aisne 27 May 1918 French Army Ferdinand Gilson [fr] 1898–2006 [219][220][221]
British Army Frank S. Deane 1899–2002 BEF.[222]
Battle of Moreuil Wood 30 May 1918 Canadian Army Frank E. Richmond 1896–1996 CEF.[223]
Battle of Belleau Wood 1 June 1918 United States Marine Corps William Eugene "Gene" Lee 1899–2004 5th Marine Regiment.[224][225]
Kuban Offensive 9 June 1918 Volunteer Army Boris Vitalyevich Pryanishnikov [ru] 1902–2002
Second Battle of the Piave River 15 June 1918 Austro-Hungarian Army Franz Künstler 1900–2008 [226]
Italian Royal Army Domenico De Cristofaro 1899–2006 [227]
Second Battle of the Marne 15 July 1918 French Army Jean Grelaud 1898–2007
Imperial German Army Charles Kuentz 1897–2005
Battle of Amiens 8 August 1918 Australian Army Peter Casserly 1898–2005 AIF.
Second Battle of the Somme 21 August 1918 French Army Ferdinand Gilson [fr] [219][220][221]
Australian Army Edward "Ted" Rayns 1899–2004 Australian Corps.[169]
Battle of Saint-Mihiel 12 September 1918 United States Army Antonio Pierro 1896–2007 82nd Infantry Division[228]
Capture of Damascus 1 October 1918 Australian Army Albert Ernest Whitmore 1899–2002 EEF. Desert Mounted Corps.[206][207]
Battle of Vittorio Veneto 3 November 1918 Italian Royal Army Francesco Domenico Chiarello 1898–2008
Capture of Le Quesnoy 4 November 1918 New Zealand Army Lawrence Morris Blyth 1895–2001 NZEF.[229]
Soloheadbeg Ambush 21 January 1919 Irish Republican Army Pádraig Mac Cormaic[230] 1894–1982 [231]
Vilna offensive 16 April 1919 Polish Army Walenty Florysiak 1898–2004 [232]
Battle of Warsaw 12 August 1920 Józef Kowalski 1900–2013
Battle of Radzymin 13 August 1920 Witold Bublewski [pl] 1904–2007
Battle of Komarów 30 August 1920 Józef Kowalski 1900–2013
Kilmichael Ambush 28 November 1920 Irish Republican Army Edward "Ned" Young 1892–1989 [233]
Royal Irish Constabulary Frederick Henry Forde 1896–1941 Only RIC survivor of the ambush.[234][235]
Second Battle of İnönü 23 March 1921 Turkish Army Veysel Turan 1901–2007
Battle of Sakarya 23 August 1921 Yakup Satar 1898–2008 [236][237]
Battle of Dumlupınar 26 August 1921 Veysel Turan 1901–2007
January 28 incident 28 January 1932 Chinese Army Huang Shengyong 1905–2017 [238][239]
Battle of Boquerón 7 September 1932 Paraguayan Army Gabino Ayala 1913–2014 [240]
Siege of the Montaña barracks 18 July 1936 Spanish Republican Army Bibiano Morcillo 1915–2012 [241][242]
Siege of the Alcázar 21 July 1936 Nationalist Army Federico Fuentes Gómez de Salazar 1918–2018 [243]
Battle of El Mazuco 6 September 1937 Spanish Republican militia Antonio Batalla 1919–2018 Unified Socialist Youth.[244][245]
Defense of Sihang Warehouse 26 October 1937 Chinese Army Yang Yangzheng 1914–2010 Last of the "800 Heroes".[246][247]
USS Panay incident 12 December 1937 United States Navy Fon Huffman 1913–2008
Imperial Japanese Navy Masatake Okumiya 1909–2007 Naval Air Service.
Battle of Cape Palos 5 March 1938 Nationalist Navy Manuel Aneiros Saavedra 1917–2020 Served on Baleares.[248][249]
Battle of Cape Machichaco Basque Auxiliary Navy Juan Azkarate 1922–2019 Served on Nabarra. Last survivor of the Basque Auxiliary Navy.[250][251][252]
Battle of Westerplatte 1 September 1939 Polish Army Ignacy Skowron [pl] 1915–2012
Battle of Mikołów Franciszek Grzegorzek 1919?–2014 [253]
Battle of the River Plate 13 December 1939 New Zealand Royal Navy John V. Thomson 1922? Served on HMNZS Achilles.[254]
British Royal Navy Basil Arthur Trott 1919–2021 Served on HMS Exeter.[255][256]
German Navy Hans Eubel 1916–2017 Served on Admiral Graf Spee.[257]
Battle for The Hague 10 May 1940 Dutch Royal Air Force Jan Linzel 1915–2019 [258][259]
Battle of Rotterdam Dutch Royal Navy William "Bill" Ramakers 1922–2018 Last marine.[260][261]
Battle of the Afsluitdijk 12 May 1940 Dutch Royal Army Roelof Korporaal 1919–2014 [262][263]
Battle of Britain 10 July 1940 British Royal Air Force John Hemingway 1919 Last pilot.
Paul Farnes 1918–2020 Last ace.[264]
Capture of Kufra 31 January 1941 Free French Army Daniel Paul Mathurin Nevot 1920–2019 [265][266]
Battle of the Denmark Strait 24 May 1941 British Royal Navy Ted Briggs 1923–2008 Served on HMS Hood.[267]
German Navy Bernhard Heuer 1922–2018 Served on Bismarck.[268]
Sinking of the Bismarck 26 May 1941
Attack on Pearl Harbor 7 December 1941 Imperial Japanese Navy Kaname Harada 1916–2016 Naval Air Service. Last pilot.[269]
Raid on Alexandria 19 December 1941 Italian Royal Navy Emilio Bianchi 1912–2015 [270]
Battle of Pasir Panjang 12 February 1942 British Malayan Army Ujang Mormin 1920–2021 [271]
Doolittle Raid 18 April 1942 United States Army Air Forces Richard E. Cole 1915–2019 17th Bombardment Group.[272]
Defense of Pavlov's House 27 September 1942 Soviet Army Kamoljon Turgunov 1921–2015 [273]
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising 19 April 1943 Jewish Combat Organization Aliza Melamed Vitis-Shomron 1928 Last participant.[274]
Leon Kopelman 1924–2021 Last combatant.[275]
Operation Chastise 16 May 1943 British Royal Air Force Johnny Johnson 1921 [276]
Battle of Peleliu 15 September 1944 Imperial Japanese Army Keiji Nagai 1921–2019 [277][278]
Liberation of Auschwitz concentration camp 27 January 1945 Soviet Army Ivan Martynushkin 1923 [279]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  38. ^ William H. Garland, 1804-1903, was the last veteran mentioned in newspaper articles but the USS Constitution Museum mentions no muster rolls with his name on it. Instead, Joseph B. Tifftz (or Tift) is the last sailor listed on the museum's site to be present during the batttle.
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  129. ^ "Michael Tralls, Veteran, Dies". The Bend Bulletin. 30 November 1950. p. 5. Retrieved 12 August 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
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