List of law clerks of the Supreme Court of the United States (Seat 3)

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Justice Leondra Kruger of the California Supreme Court (Photo: Lonnie Tague, US Department of Justice, 2014). A graduate of Yale Law School, she clerked for Justice John Paul Stevens from 2003 until 2004.


Law clerks have assisted Supreme Court Justices in various capacities since the first one was hired by Justice Horace Gray in 1882.[1] By the traditions and rules that have developed around this procedure today Associate Justices on the Supreme Court of the United States have the opportunity to select four law clerks each term of the court. The Chief Justice is allowed five clerks, though Chief Justice Rehnquist usually hired only three.[2]


The following is a table of Supreme Court law clerks serving the Justice holding Seat 3.


This seat was established on September 24, 1789 by the Judiciary Act of 1789Stat. 73.

Samuel Freeman Miller

July 21, 1862 –
October 13, 1890
Clerk Started Finished School (year) Previous clerkship
Noble E. Dawson 1885?
Irvine D. York 1885 1889

Henry Billings Brown

January 5, 1891 –
May 28, 1906
Clerk Started Finished School (year) Previous clerkship
A. B. Hall 1890 1896

William Henry Moody

December 17, 1906 –
November 20, 1910
Clerk Started Finished School (year) Previous clerkship
Sheldon Eaton Wardwell 1907 1908 Harvard (1907)
John A. Kratz, Jr. 1909?
Charles Wilson

Joseph Rucker Lamar

January 3, 1911 –
January 2, 1916
Clerk Started Finished School (year) Previous clerkship
S. Edward Widdifield 1910 1912 Detroit (?) (c. 1898) R. W. Peckham
John E. Hoover 1912 1916 Harlan I / R. W. Peckham

Louis Dembitz Brandeis

June 5, 1916 –
February 13, 1939
Clerk Started Finished School (year) Previous clerkship
Calvert Magruder 1916 1917 Harvard (1916) none
Dean G. Acheson 1919 1921 Harvard (1918) none
William A. Sutherland 1921 1923 Harvard (1917) none
William G. Rice, Jr. 1921 1922 Harvard (1920) none
William McCurdy 1922 1923 Harvard (1922) none
Samuel H. Maslon 1923 1924 Harvard (1923) none
Warren Stilson Ege 1924 1925 Harvard (1924) none
James M. Landis 1925 1926 Harvard (1924) none
Robert G. Page 1926 1927 Harvard (1925) none
Henry J. Friendly 1927 1928 Harvard (1927) none
Irving B. Goldsmith 1928 1929 Harvard (LLB 1926, SJD 1927) none
Louis Levanthal Jaffe 1928 1931 (or 1933–34) Harvard (LLB 1928, SJD 1932) none
Harry Shulman 1929 1934 Harvard (1926)
H. Thomas Austern 1930 1931 Harvard (1929)
Henry Melvin Hart Jr. 1931 1932 Harvard (1930)
Paul A. Freund 1932 1933 Harvard (1932)
Nathaniel L. Nathanson 1934 1935 Harvard (1933) Mack (2d Cir.)
David Riesman 1935 1936 Harvard (1934) none
James Willard Hurst 1935 1937 Harvard (1935) none
W. Graham Claytor, Jr. 1937 1938 Harvard (1936) L. Hand (2d Cir.)
Adrian S. Fisher 1938 1939 Harvard (1937)

William O. Douglas

April 17, 1939 –
November 12, 1975
Clerk Started Finished School (year) Previous clerkship
C. David Ginsburg 1939 1940 Harvard (1935) none
Stanley C. Soderland 1939 1940 Washington (1939) none
Walter B. Chaffee 1941 1942 Berkeley (1940) none
Vern Countryman 1942 1943 Washington (1942) none
Eugene E. Beyer, Jr. 1943 1944 Yale (1943)
Lucile Lomen 1944 1945 Washington (1944) none
Donald R. Colvin 1945 1946 Washington (1945) none
J. Roger Wollenberg 1946 1947 Berkeley (1942) none
Stanley E. Sparrowe 1947 1948 Berkeley (1946)
Gary Jerome Torre 1948 1949 Berkeley (1948) none
Warren M. Christopher 1949 1950 Stanford (1949) none
John G. Burnett 1950 1951 Yale (1950) none
Hans A. Linde 1950 1951 Berkeley (1950) none
Marshall L. Small 1951 1952 Stanford (1951) none
Charles E. Ares 1952 1953 Arizona (1952) none
James F. Crafts, Jr. 1953 1954 Stanford (1953) none
Harvey M. Grossman 1954 1955 UCLA (1954)
William A. Norris 1955 1956 Stanford (1954) none
William Cohen 1956 1957 UCLA (1956) none
Charles E. Rickershauser, Jr. 1957 1958 UCLA (1957) none
Charles A. Miller 1958 1959 Berkeley (1958) none
Steven B. Duke 1959 1960 Arizona (1959) none
Bernard E. Jacob 1960 1961 Berkeley (1960) none
Thomas J. Klitgaard 1961 1962 Berkeley (1961) none
Jared G. Carter 1962 1963 Stanford (1962) none
Evan L. Schwab 1963 1964 Washington (1963)
James S. Campbell 1964 1965 Stanford (1964)
Jerome B. Falk, Jr. 1965 1966 Berkeley (1965) none
Lewis B. Merrifield, III 1966 1967 USC (1966)
William A. Reppy, Jr. 1967 1968 Stanford (1966) Peters (Cal.)
Carl J. ("Kim") Seneker II 1967 1968 Berkeley (1967) none
Peter Westen 1968 1969 Berkeley (1968) none
Thomas C. Armitage 1969 1970 UCLA (1969)
Dennis C. Brown 1970 1971 UCLA (1970) none
Lucas A. ("Scot") Powe, Jr. 1970 1971 Washington (1968)
William H. Alsup 1971 1972 Harvard (1971) none
Richard L. Jacobson 1971 1972 USC (1970) Ely (9th Cir.)
Kenneth R. Reed 1971 1972 Arizona (1971) none
Carol S. Bruch 1972 1973 Berkeley (1972) none
Peter M. Kreindler 1972 1973 Harvard (1971) I. Kaufman (2d Cir.)
Janet L. Meik (Wright) 1972 1973 USC (1972) none
Ira M. Ellman 1973 1974 Berkeley (1973) none
Richard W. Benka 1973 1974 Harvard (1973) none
Michael Clutter 1973 1974 USC (1973) none
Alan Karl Austin 1974 1975 Stanford (1974)
Donald E. Kelley 1974 1975 Stanford (1973) Peckham (N.D. Calf.)
Jay Kelly Wright 1974 1975 Harvard (1973) Leventhal (D.C. Cir.)
Alan B. Sternstein 1975 November 12, 1975 Arizona (1975) none
George A. Rutherglen (shared with Stevens) 1975 1976 Berkeley (1974) J. C. Wallace (9th Cir.)
Dennis J. Hutchinson 1976 1977 Texas (1974) B. White / Tuttle (1st Cir.)
Montana J. Podva 1977 1980 McGeorge (1977)

John Paul Stevens

December 19, 1975 –
June 29, 2010
Clerk Started Finished School (year) Previous clerkship
Sharon Baldwin 1975 1976 Chicago (1975) Stevens (7th Cir.)
Charles ("Skip") Paul 1975 1976 Santa Clara (1975)
George A. Rutherglen (shared with Douglas) 1975 1976 Berkeley (1974) J. C. Wallace (9th Cir.)
Daniel A. Farber 1976 1977 Illinois (1975) Tone (7th Cir.)
Francis S. Blake 1976 1977 Columbia (1976) Feinberg (2d Cir.)
Gregory D. Huffaker, Jr. 1976 1977 Harvard (1976)
David V. Kirby 1976 1977 Northwestern (1975) Sprecher (7th Cir.)
Stewart A. Baker 1977 1978 UCLA (1976) Coffin (1st Cir.)
John E. Muench 1977 1978 Northwestern (1976) Sprecher (7th Cir.)
Susan R. Estrich 1978 1979 Harvard (1977) J. S. Wright (D.C. Cir.)
James S. Liebman 1978 1979 Stanford (1977) McGowan (D.C. Cir.)
Peter D. Isakoff 1979 1980 Columbia (1978) Feinberg (2d Cir.)
Michele L. Odorizzi 1979 1980 Chicago (1976) Tone (7th Cir.)
Jeffrey R. Tone 1980 1981 Illinois (1978) P. Marshall (N.D. Ill.)
Constantine L. ("Connie") Trela, Jr. 1980 1981 Northwestern (1979) Sprecher (7th Cir.)
David W. DeBruin 1981 1982 Michigan (1980) H. Edwards (D.C. Cir.)
Matthew Joseph Verschelden 1981 1982 Virginia (1980) Haynsworth (4th Cir.)
Carol F. Lee 1982 1983 Yale (1981) J. S. Wright (D.C. Cir.)
Jeffrey S. Lehman 1982 1983 Michigan (1981) Coffin (1st Cir.)
Lawrence E. Rosenthal 1983 1984 Harvard (1982) P. Marshall (N.D. Ill.)
John R. Schaibley, III 1983 1984 Indiana (1981) Eschbach (7th Cir.)
Richard B. Kapnick 1984 1985 Chicago (1983) Simon (Ill.)
James E. McCollum 1984 1985 Howard (1983) Pierce (2d Cir.)
Rory Knox Little (shared with Brennan, Stewart, Powell) 1984 1985 Yale (1982) Oberdorfer (D.D.C.)
Stephen James Marzen 1985 1986 Harvard (1984) Wilkey (D.C. Cir.)
Clifford M. Sloan 1985 1986 Harvard (1984) J. S. Wright (D.C. Cir.)
Ronald D. Lee 1986 1987 Yale (1985) Mikva (D.C. Cir.)
Lawrence C. Marshall 1986 1987 Northwestern (1985) Wald (D.C. Cir.)
Teresa Wynn (Roseborough) 1987 1988 North Carolina (1985) J. D. Phillips (4th Cir.)
Abner S. Greene 1987 1989 Michigan (1986) Wald (D.C. Cir.)
Diane Marie Amann 1988 1989 Northwestern (1986) P. Marshall (N.D. Ill.)
Lewis J. Liman 1988 1989 Yale (1987) Leval (S.D.N.Y.)
Randolph D. Moss 1988 1989 Yale (1986) Leval (S.D.N.Y.)
Marina C. Hsieh 1989 1990 Berkeley (1988) L. Pollak (E.D. Pa.)
Christopher Eisgruber 1989 1990 Chicago (1988) P. Higginbotham (5th Cir.)
Preeta D. Bansal 1990 1991 Harvard (1989) Oakes (2d Cir.)
Matthew D. Roberts 1990 1991 Harvard (1989) R. B. Ginsburg (D.C. Cir.)
Nancy S. Marder 1990 1992 Yale (1987) W. Norris (9th Cir.) / Sand (S.D.N.Y.)
Robert A. Schapiro 1991 1992 Yale (1990) Leval (S.D.N.Y.)
Kathleen Moriarty (Mueller) 1991 1992 Northwestern (1990) Wald (D.C. Cir.)
Stephen R. Reily 1991 1992 Stanford (1990) Wisdom (5th Cir.)
Pamela A. Harris (Schlick) 1992 1993 Yale (1990) H. Edwards (D.C. Cir.)
Peter M. Yu 1992 1993 Harvard (1991) Wald (D.C. Cir.)
Douglas A. Winthrop 1992 1993 Minnesota (1991) Wald (D.C. Cir.)
Sean H. Donahue 1993 1994 Chicago (1992) R. B. Ginsburg (D.C. Cir.)
Daniel M. Klerman 1993 1994 Chicago (1991) Posner (7th Cir.)
Corinne A. Beckwith 1993 1994 Michigan (1992) Cudahy (7th Cir.)
Ian Heath Gershengorn 1994 1995 Harvard (1993) Kearse (2d Cir.)
Gregory P. Magarian 1994 1995 Michigan (1993) Oberdorfer (D.D.C.)
Craig D. Singer 1994 1995 Chicago (1993) Mikva (D.C. Cir.)
James J. Benjamin (shared with Powell) 1994 1995 Virginia (1990) J. F. Motz (D. Md.)
David J. Barron 1995 1996 Harvard (1994) Reinhardt (9th Cir.)
Jeffrey C. Dobbins 1995 1996 Duke (1994) Tatel (D.C. Cir.) / Mikva (D.C. Cir.)
Eileen M. Mullen 1995 1996 Stanford (1993)
Mark David Harris (shared with Powell) 1995 1996 Harvard (1992) Flaum (7th Cir.)
Melissa R. Hart 1996 1997 Harvard (1995) Calabresi (2d Cir.)
Olatunde Johnson 1996 1997 Stanford (1995) Tatel (D.C. Cir.)
Jonathan E. Levitsky 1996 1997 Yale (1995) Leval (2d Cir.)
John L. Flynn (shared with White) 1996 1997 Georgetown (1995) Becker (3d Cir.)
Elizabeth A. Cavanagh 1997 1998 Yale (1995) Oberdorfer (D.D.C.)
David S. Friedman 1997 1998 Harvard (1996) Boudin (1st Cir.)
Christopher J. Meade 1997 1998 NYU (1996) H. Edwards (D.C. Cir.)
Benjamin A. Powell (shared with White) 1997 1998 Columbia (1996) J. M. Walker (2d Cir.)
Jeffrey L. Fisher 1998 1999 Michigan (1997) Reinhardt (9th Cir.)
Allison A. Marston (Danner) 1998 1999 Stanford (1997) J. Noonan (9th Cir.)
Adam M. Samaha 1998 1999 Harvard (1996) A. Keith (Minn.)
J. Brett Busby (shared with White) 1999 2000 Columbia (1998) Tjoflat (11th Cir.)
Deborah N. Pearlstein 1999 2000 Harvard (1998) Boudin (1st Cir.)
Joshua P. Waldman 1999 2000 Columbia (1998) Garland (D.C. Cir.)
Sonja R. West 1999 2000 Chicago (1998) D. W. Nelson (9th Cir.)
Eduardo Peñalver 2000 2001 Yale (1999) Calabresi (2d Cir.)
Andrew M. Siegel 2000 2001 NYU (1999) Leval (2d Cir.)
Joseph T. Thai (shared with White) 2000 2001 Harvard (1998) Ebel (10th Cir.)
Anne M. Voigts 2000 2001 Columbia (1999) Reinhardt (9th Cir.)
Kathleen R. Hartnett (Gilbert) 2001 2002 Harvard (2000) Garland (D.C. Cir.)
Alison J. Nathan 2001 2002 Cornell (2000) B. Fletcher (9th Cir.)
Edward N. Siskel 2001 2002 Chicago (2000) D. W. Nelson (9th Cir.)
Troy A. McKenzie 2002 2003 NYU (2000) Leval (2d Cir.)
Eric R. Olson 2002 2003 Michigan (2000) H. Edwards (D.C. Cir.) / Heyburn (W.D. Ky.)
Kathryn A. Watts 2002 2003 Northwestern (2001) Randolph (D.C. Cir.)
Amy J. Wildermuth 2002 2003 Illinois (1998) Calabresi (2d Cir.) / H. Edwards (D.C. Cir.)
Leondra Kruger 2003 2004 Yale (2001) Tatel (D.C. Cir.)
Amanda Cohen Leiter 2003 2004 Harvard (2000) Tatel (D.C. Cir.) / Gertner (D. Mass.)
Margaret H. Lemos 2003 2004 NYU (2001) Lipez (1st Cir.)
Benjamin C. Mizer 2003 2004 Michigan (2002) J. Rogers(D.C. Cir.)
Melissa Beth Arbus 2004 2005 Virginia (2003) D. Motz (4th Cir.)
Roberto J. Gonzalez 2004 2005 Stanford (2003) Calabresi (2d Cir.)
Michael J. Gottlieb 2004 2005 Harvard (2003) Reinhardt (9th Cir.)
Daniel J. Powell 2004 2005 Chicago (2003) W. Fletcher (9th Cir.)
Jean Galbraith (Tobacman) 2005 2006 Berkeley (2004) Tatel (D.C. Cir.)
Daniel J. Lenerz 2005 2006 Stanford (2002) S. Williams (D.C. Cir.) / Thompson (M.D. Ala.)
Sarah Eddy McCallum 2005 2006 Georgetown (2002) J. M. Walker (2d Cir.) / Rakoff (S.D.N.Y.)
Samuel Spital 2005 2006 Harvard (2004) H. Edwards (D.C. Cir.)
Nicholas J. Bagley 2006 2007 NYU (2005) Tatel (D.C. Cir.)
Chad I. Golder 2006 2007 Yale (2005) Garland (D.C. Cir.)
Jamal K. Greene 2006 2007 Yale (2005) Calabresi (2d Cir.)
Lauren D. Sudeall 2006 2007 Harvard (2005) Reinhardt (9th Cir.)
Todd Jason Gluth 2007 2008 Berkeley (2005) W. Fletcher (9th Cir.)
Sara J. Klein 2007 2008 Cardozo (2005) Lifland (D.N.J.) / Barry (3d Cir.)
Katherine ("Kate") Shaw 2007 2008 Northwestern (2006) Posner (7th Cir.)
Abby C. Wright 2007 2008 Penn (2006) Boudin (1st Cir.)
Jessica Bulman(-Pozen) 2008 2009 Yale (2007) Garland (D.C. Cir.)
Cecelia M. Klingele 2008 2009 Wisconsin (2005) S. Black (11th Cir.) / Crabb (W.D. Wis.)
Lindsey Powell 2008 2009 Stanford (2007) Garland (D.C. Cir.)
Andre Damian ("Damian") Williams 2008 2009 Yale (2007) Garland (D.C. Cir.)
Hyland Hunt 2009 2010 Michigan (2008) D. Ginsburg (D.C. Cir.)
Adam C. Jed 2009 2010 Harvard (2008) Calabresi (2d Cir.)
Merritt E. McAlister 2009 2010 Georgia (2007) R. L. Anderson (11th Cir.)
David E. Pozen 2009 2010 Yale (2007) Garland (D.C. Cir.)
Samuel T. C. ("Sam") Erman (shared with Kennedy) 2010 2011 Michigan (2007) Garland (D.C. Cir.)
Dina B. Mishra (shared with Kennedy) 2011 2012 Yale (2009) Boudin (1st Cir.)
Eduardo Francisco Bruera (shared with Sotomayor) 2012 2013 Cornell (2011) C. King (5th Cir.)
Aaron Zelinsky (shared with Kennedy) 2013 2014 Yale (2010) Griffith (D.C. Cir.)
Travis Meredith Crum (shared with Kennedy) 2014 2015 Yale (2011) Tatel (D.C. Cir.) / Thompson (M.D. Ala.)
Gillian S. Grossman 2015 2016 Harvard (2014) Kavanaugh (D.C. Cir.)
Teresa A. Reed 2016 Stanford (2015) Millett (D.C. Cir.)
Donald Larry Ray Goodson 2017 NYU (2013) Nathan (S.D.N.Y.) / Katzmann (2d Cir.)

Elena Kagan

August 7, 2010 –
present
Clerk Started Finished School (year) Previous clerkship
Trisha B. Anderson (Newman) 2010 2011 Harvard (2003) Sutton (6th Cir.)
Andrew M. Crespo 2010 2011 Harvard (2008) Breyer / Reinhardt (9th Cir.)
Allon S.I. Kedem 2010 2011 Yale (2005) Kennedy / Leval (2d Cir.) / Kravitz (D. Conn.)
Elizabeth Barchas (Prelogar) 2010 2011 Harvard (2008) R. B. Ginsburg / Garland (D.C. Cir.)
Jeffrey R. Johnson 2011 2012 Harvard (2010) Wilkinson (4th Cir.)
Rakesh N. Kilaru 2011 2012 Stanford (2010) Wilkinson (4th Cir.)
Erica L. Ross 2011 2012 Stanford (2009) Tatel (D.C. Cir.)
Jonathan P. Schneller 2011 2012 Harvard (2010) Reinhardt (9th Cir.)
Samantha ("Sam") Bateman (Kilaru) 2012 2013 Stanford (2010) Brinkema (E.D. Va.) / Garland (D.C. Cir.)
Brad N. Garcia 2012 2013 Harvard (2011) Griffith (D.C. Cir.)
Zachary C. Schauf 2012 2013 Harvard (2011) Garland (D.C. Cir.)
David R. Zimmer 2012 2013 Harvard (2010) W. Fletcher (9th Cir.)
Eric F. Citron (shared with O'Connor) 2012 2013 Yale (2007) Robertson (D.D.C.) / Tatel (D.C. Cir.)
Sophia Madeleine Brill 2013 2014 Yale (2011) Garland (D.C. Cir.)
Ian Michael Fein 2013 2014 Berkeley (2011) W. Fletcher (9th Cir.) / J. Rogers (D.C. Cir.)
Jason Clifford Murray 2013 2014 Harvard (2011) Gorsuch (10th Cir.)
Mitchell Pearsall Reich 2013 2014 Harvard (2012) Garland (D.C. Cir.)
William K. ("Will") Dreher 2014 2015 Harvard (2013) Kavanaugh (D.C. Cir.)
Daniel Jacob Hemel 2014 2015 Yale (2012) Srinivasan (D.C. Cir.) / Boudin (1st Cir.)
Amanda Kelly Rice (Savit) 2014 2015 Harvard (2011) Tatel (D.C. Cir.) / Boasberg (D.D.C.)
Elizabeth Wood Claytor Wilkins (Lake) 2014 2015 Yale (2013) Garland (D.C. Cir.)
Yaria S. Dubin 2015 2016 Harvard (2013) Srinivasan (D.C. Cir.)/Boasberg (D.D.C.)
Jeremy Graham Feigenbaum 2015 2016 Harvard (2014) Fletcher (9th Cir.)
Thomas K. Fu 2015 2016 Stanford (2014) Garland (D.C. Cir.)
Jonathan S. Meltzer 2015 2016 Yale (2013) Wilkinson (4th Cir.)
Elizabeth A. Bewley 2016 2017 Harvard (2015) Griffith (D.C. Cir.)
Gerard J. Cedrone 2016 2017 Harvard (2014) Gorsuch (10th Cir.)
Benjamin M. Eidelson 2016 2017 Yale (2014) Garland (D.C. Cir.)
Elizabeth L. Henthorne 2016 2017 Georgetown (2014) G. Woods (S.D.N.Y.) / Srinivasan (D.C. Cir.)
A. Zoe Bedell 2017 Harvard (2016) Kavanaugh (D.C. Cir.)
Lena Husani (Hughes) 2017 Columbia (2012) Cote (S.D.N.Y.) / G. Lynch (S.D.N.Y.)
Jeremy Kreisberg 2017 Harvard (2014) Reinhardt (9th Cir.)
Ephraim McDowell 2017 Harvard (2016) Garland (D.C. Cir.)
Robert B. Niles 2018 Harvard (2016) Oetken (S.D.N.Y.) / Tatel (D.C. Cir.)
Ashley Robertson 2018 Stanford (2016) Srinivasan (D.C. Cir.) / Boasberg (D.D.C.)
Zachary Brams Savage 2018 NYU (2013) Scirica (3d Cir.) / Furman (S.D.N.Y.)
Reema Shah 2018 Yale (2016) Srinivasan (D.C. Cir.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peppers, Todd C. (2006). Courtiers of the Marble Palace: The Rise and Influence of the Supreme Court Law Clerk. Stanford University Press. p. 1. 
  2. ^ Peppers, Todd C. (2006). Courtiers of the Marble Palace: The Rise and Influence of the Supreme Court Law Clerk. Stanford University Press. p. 195.