List of law clerks of the Supreme Court of the United States (Seat 4)
Law clerks have assisted the justices of the United States Supreme Court in various capacities since the first one was hired by Justice Horace Gray in 1882. Each justice is permitted to have between three and four law clerks per Court term. Most persons serving in this capacity are recent law school graduates (and typically graduated at the top of their class). Among their many functions, clerks do legal research that assists justices in deciding what cases to accept and what questions to ask during oral arguments, prepare memoranda, and draft orders and opinions. After retiring from the Court, a justice may continue to employ a law clerk, who may be assigned to provide additional assistance to an active justice or may assist the retired justice when sitting by designation with a lower court.
Table of law clerks
The following is a table of law clerks serving the associate justice holding Supreme Court seat 4 (the Court's fourth associate justice seat by the order of precedence of the inaugural associate justices[a]) which was established on September 24, 1789 by the 1st Congress through the Judiciary Act of 1789 (1 Stat. 73). This seat is currently occupied by Justice Elena Kagan.
- Peppers, Todd C. (2006). Courtiers of the Marble Palace: The Rise and Influence of the Supreme Court Law Clerk. Stanford University Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-8047-5382-1.
- "Supreme Court Procedures". uscourts.gov. Washington, D.C.: Administrative Office of the United States Courts. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
- Ward, Artemus; Weiden, David L. (2006). Sorcerers' Apprentices: 100 Years of Law Clerks at the United States Supreme Court. New York, New York: New York University Press. pp. 1–5. ISBN 978-0-8147-9404-3.
- "Landmark Legislation: Judiciary Act of 1789". Washington, D.C.: Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- "Justices 1789 to Present". supremecourt.gov. Washington, D.C.: Supreme Court of the United States. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
- Danelski, David J. (March 1999). "Lucile Lomen: The First Women to Clerk at the U.S. Supreme Court". Journal of Supreme Court History. 24 (1): 43–49. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5818.1999.tb00148.x.
- Baier, Paul R. (1973). "The Law Clerks: Profile of an Institution," Vanderbilt L. Rev. 26: 1125–77.
- "Finding Aid to the Papers of William O. Douglas," Library of Congress (2014, rev'd Dec. 2014), p. 138, list of clerks.
- Freund, Paul A., "Historical Reminiscence, Justice Brandeis: A Law Clerk's Remembrance", 68 Am. Jewish Hist. 7 (1978).
- "Georgia Law Alumni Who Have Clerked for a U.S. Supreme Court Justice," Advocate, Spring/Summer 2004 (listing 6 names).
- Judicial Clerkship Handbook, USC Gould Law School, 2013-2014, p. 33, Appendix B.
- Mason, Alpheus T. (1946). Brandeis: a Free Man's Life. New York, NY: Viking Press. List of law clerks, p. 690. ISBN 1199565091, ISBN 978-1199565099.
- Mersky, Roy M. (1958). Louis Dembitz Brandeis, 1856–1941: a Bibliography. List of law clerks, p. 11 (New Haven, CT: Published for the Yale Law Library by the Yale Law School)(44 pp).
- Newland, Charles A. (June 1961). "Personal Assistants to the Supreme Court Justices: The Law Clerks," Oregon L. Rev. 40: 306–07.
- Small, Marshall L. (2007), "William O. Douglas Remembered (A Collecive Memory of WOD'S Law Clerks)", Journal of Supreme Court History 32.
- News of Supreme Court clerks. University of Virginia Law School, list of clerks, 2004-2018.
- University of Michigan clerks to the Supreme Court, 1991-2017, University of Michigan Law School Web site (2016). Retrieved September 20, 2016.
- Ward, Artemus and David L. Weiden (2006). Sorcerers' Apprentices: 100 Years of Law Clerks at the United States Supreme Court. New York, NY: New York University Press. ISBN 978-0814794203, ISBN 0814794203.