List of law enforcement agencies in British Columbia

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The following is a list of law enforcement agencies operating in the province of British Columbia, Canada.

Federal agencies[edit]

See also List of law enforcement agencies in Canada

  • RCMP "E" Division – The Royal Canadian Mounted Police is the largest police body operating in British Columbia, providing federal, provincial, and municipal policing throughout the province. “E” Division has a strength of 5,900 sworn members and employs 1,700 civilian members and public service employees. In addition, approximately 1,200 auxiliary constables volunteer with “E” Division. It is the largest RCMP division, and along with “M” Division in the Yukon, makes up the Pacific Region, one of the four geographical regions of Canada under the RCMP’s policing scheme. “E” Division operates out of 127 local detachments. In 2013, the headquarters was moved from Vancouver to the purpose-built Green Timbers complex in Surrey, which allowed the amalgamation of numerous individual buildings around the Lower Mainland area. It polices all but 12 municipalities in the province and its commanding officer is Deputy Commissioner Craig Callens.[1]
  • Canada Border Services Agency - The CBSA employs both Border Services Officers and Immigration Enforcement Officers. Both have powers and duties of a peace officer while on duty. They are designated peace officers, and primarily enforce customs and immigration-related legislation, in particular the Customs Act and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act as well as over 90 other Acts of Parliament. Because of their peace officer designation, they also have the power to enforce other Acts of Parliament, including the Criminal Code of Canada. Border Services Officers are equipped with handcuffs, oleoresin capsicum (OC) spray, batons, and are currently armed with Beretta PX4 Storm pistols.
  • Canadian Pacific Police Service - The Canadian Pacific Police Service, commonly known as CP Rail Police or simply CPR Police, is a private police force enforcing safety and policing along Canadian Pacific properties and rail lines in Canada and the United States, including limited sections of the Milton line of GO Transit in the Greater Toronto Area. Formerly CP Railway Police, they have a long and storied past within Canada and CP Rail is a part of Canada's history. They are duly appointed and armed federal police officers that gather their authority in Canada via the Railway Safety Act as well as other acts.[2]
  • Canadian National Police Service - The Canadian National Police Service (commonly referred to as the CN Police or CNR Police) is a private police force protecting the property, personnel, and rail infrastructure of Canadian National Railway in Canada and the United States. Established in 1923 upon the amalgamation of several railway companies the Government of Canada established the Canadian National Railway Police. Currently CN Police Officers operate across Canada and the United States. In Canada, the BC Rail Police amalgamated into the CN Police Service in 2005. In the United States three railway police services, Illinois Central Railroad Police, Grand Trunk Railway Police and Wisconsin Central Transportation Police also amalgamated into the CN Police Service.[3]
  • Fishery Officers - the Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada employs Fishery Officers whom are designated under section 5(1) of the Fisheries Act and as peace officers are sworn to educate and enforce all provisions of the Act and other related acts and regulations. They carry firearms and other weapons such as pepper spray while conducting patrols and other enforcement initiatives.[4]
  • Park Wardens - Parks Canada employs Park Wardens to protect natural and cultural resources, conduct campground patrols and other targeted enforcement activities, and to ensure the safety of visitors in national parks and marine conservation areas. They are designated under section 18 of the Canada National Parks Act and have the authority of peace officers. They carry firearms and have access to other use of force options.[5]
Environment Canada Officer Badge
  • Environment Canada Officers - Officers appointed pursuant to section 217(3) of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, enforcement officers have all the powers of peace officers. There are two designations of enforcement officers: Environmental Enforcement and Wildlife Enforcement. The former administers the Canadian Environmental Protection Act and pollution provisions of the Fisheries Act and corresponding regulations. The latter enforces Migratory Birds Convention Act, Canada Wildlife Act, Species at Risk Act and The Wild Animal and Plant Protection and Regulation of International and Interprovincial Trade Act. All officers wear dark green uniform with black ties and a badge (appear on the right). Environmental Enforcement Officers only carry baton and OC spray whereas Wildlife Enforcement Officers are also equipped with firearm.[6]

Provincial agencies[edit]

  • Combined Forces Special Enforcement Unit - British Columbia (CFSEU-BC) In 2004, CFSEU-BC was developed in consultation with the Provincial Government. The intent was to integrate the Organized Crime Agency of British Columbia (OCABC), municipal police and the RCMP into one combined unit to coordinate the province’s response to the growing threat of organized crime and gang violence. In 2009, under the direction of the provincial and federal governments, CFSEU-BC expanded to include the Integrated Gang Task Force (Uniform Division, Firearms Enforcement Team, Investigative Team) restructuring of the Outlaw Motorcycle Gang Enforcement and Intelligence Unit, and the establishment of branch offices in Prince George covering northern B.C., and in Kelowna covering southeast B.C.[7]
  • South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Police Service (Metro Vancouver Transit Police) – Created in 2005, they are the only transit police agency in Canada as the TransLink public transit system covers 21 municipalities with 16 different police departments/RCMP detachments. Most other large Canadian cities use a combination of special constables and a transit division of their local police. Transit Police officers have the same authorities and powers as other police officers while on and off duty. They are sworn in as designated provincial constables, with full police powers throughout the province.[8]
  • British Columbia Conservation Officer Service (BCCOS) - As part of the Compliance Division of the British Columbia Ministry of the Environment, the Conservation Officer Service is responsible for enforcing over 20 federal and provincial environmental statutes and for responding to wildlife/human conflicts where public safety is at risk. Its headquarters are in Victoria and it has 44 offices throughout the province. It consists of Commercial Environmental Investigations Unit, the Special Investigations Unit, and the Ceremonial Unit. The COS has a strength of 120 regional conservation officers, excluding headquarter staff.[9]
  • British Columbia Natural Resource Officer - British Columbia has numerous laws to protect its land, water, forests and cultural resources. Over 150 Natural Resource Officers (NROs) work throughout British Columbia to ensure compliance with legislation and take enforcement actions as necessary. British Columbia has had a long history of natural resource compliance and enforcement even before the British Columbia Forest Service was introduced in 1912. The British Columbia Forest Service employed Constables (Forest Rangers from the 1912 to 1979), Forest Rangers/Fire Wardens (1895 to 1979), Forest Officers (1979 to 1994) and Compliance and Enforcement Officers (Forest Officer/Forest Official) (1994 to 2011) until the Natural Resource Officers were formed in 2011 under the Natural Resource Compliance Act.
  • British Columbia Sheriff Service (BCSS) - Tracing its roots to the first sheriff appointed by Governor James Douglas for the Colony of Vancouver Island, the modern BCSS was formed after a consolidation of county sheriffs by the NDP government in 1974, and placed under the Ministry of the Attorney General. BCSS responsibilities include transporting prisoners by ground and air, protection of all Supreme,Appeals, Provincial Courts in B.C., assembling and supervising protecting juries, serving court documents, executing warrants, planning and undertaking High Security Operations for large scale trials such as Air India, protecting Federal and Provincial Judiciary, Providing plainclothes protection details to those Govt. Officials under threat, protection of Crown Prosecutors and assisting the Provincial Coroners Office, carrying out court orders. Undertaking Threat assessments and Intelligence briefings, Returning accused persons wanted on outstanding warrants as part of the BC Fugituve Return Program, working in integrated Law Enforcement Units such as R.T.I.C. (Real Time Intelligence Centre) Basic training is undertaken at the Sheriffs Academy at Justice Institute of British Columbia.[10]
CVSE Shoulder Flash
  • British Columbia Commercial Vehicle Safety and Enforcement (BCCVSE) - CVSE began in 1958 as the B.C. Department of Commercial Transport and became responsible for 15 fixed scale facilities and six portable patrol vehicles throughout the Province of BC to protect the highway infrastructure from overloaded vehicles. In the late 1980s the "Weighmasters" began getting under trucks for closer inspections and became known as the "Commercial Vehicle Inspectors" with a broader focus on public safety ensuring that commercial vehicles were in good condition, cargo was safely loaded and drivers were qualified and competent. Today CVSE is responsible for the inspection and enforcement of the National Safety Code and Vehicle Inspection Standards of hundreds of thousands of commercial vehicles. In 2005 CVSE Peace Officers began to conduct speed enforcement for heavy trucks to enhance safety on B.C.’s highway system. As a founding member of the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance, it represents BC in the tri-national (Canada, Mexico and the United States) conferences. In addition, transport of Dangerous Goods falls under the jurisdiction of CVSE. There are over 230 CVSE officers that are appointed as peace officers under the Motor Vehicle Act Inspectors Authorization Regulation and can issue violation tickets to all motor vehicles on the roads of British Columbia.[11][12]
  • Special Provincial Constable (SPC) - Approximately 25 Provincial Agencies and Crown Corporations employ Special Provincial Constables whose duties vary from Criminal Investigations (Fraud, Forgery, False Pretences, Identity Theft/Fraud) to Regulatory Investigations, Intelligence Gathering and Protective Services. Typical roles are Criminal Fraud Investigators (Benefits/Claims Fraud and Identity Fraud for ICBC, WorkSafeBC, Income Assistance, Childcare and Healthcare); Compliance and Enforcement Investigations regarding, Consumer Protection, Film Classification, Financial Institutions, Securities/Markets, Gaming Enforcement, Liquor, Tobacco Tax, General Revenue, Conservation Officer Service, Natural Resource Operations, Intersection Safety Cameras, Security Programs and SPCA; Protection and Risk Services for the Legislature, Government, Courts and Forensic Psychiatric Hospital. The following Memorandum of Understanding with the Independent Investigations Office list all the SPC Agencies in British Columbia.
  • Independent Investigations Officer - The IIO is to conduct investigations into incidents where a police officer (regular, or special constable, on or off-duty) may have caused death or serious harm and determine whether or not an officer may have committed an offence. They are a designated police agency under the BC Police Act.[13]

Municipal police[edit]

Bylaw Officers[edit]

Most, if not all, major municipalities in British Columbia employ bylaw officers for the enforcement of civic laws. These officers are peace officers when on duty, and have the appropriate obligations and powers of arrest.

Aboriginal police[edit]

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  • Stl’atl’imx Tribal Police Service (STPS) - The STPS was created in 1992. It operated as a pilot project for the next several years, with its officers sworn in as special constables. In 1999, it became a fully empowered police agency responsible for ten participating Stl'atl'imx communities. It operates out of the Lillooet Detachment and the Mount Currie Detachment.[14]

Historical agencies[edit]

  • Of note; most of these early municipal/city police departments listed below would have had anywhere from 1 to 5 constables employed depending on the size of the town's population, crime levels and civil disorder. When created these small police forces would have taken over or complimented the already existing British Columbia Provincial Police stationed in the area. They were cities, towns and districts that would have expanded rapidly in the late 1800's early 1900's due to being ports, forestry, farming or mining centres and needed to create their own police forces to deal with fines and fees within the city or town limits since the British Columbia Provincial Police would not do this for them. Some of these municipal constable appointments may have been full time or as needed on call basis. Typically each historical municipal police department would have had at a minimum a full time chief constable.
  • These Historical Agencies are listed chronologically based on the year they ceased to exist from earliest to latest.
  • Kitasoo Xaixais Tribal Police Service - First Nations police service based in Klemtu, BC.[15] This police department was opened in 1999 with a transition year to be fully functioning at the beginning of 2000. The police department was closed on April 1, 2008 with the RCMP taking over policing duties.
  • BC Transit Police - When SkyTrain began operating in December 1985, fifteen Special Provincial Constables were appointed to BC Transit’s Vancouver Regional Transit System. The Special Constables did not carry firearms but had powers of arrest and were able to serve violation tickets. In 2005 the BC Transit Police became the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Police Service
  • BC Rail Police - Railway police for the provincial crown corporation of the British Columbia Railway - (1972 to 2004) and prior to that the Pacific Great Eastern Railway (1912 - 1971). BC Rail operations were sold to Canadian National in 2004. (See CN Police above)
  • Ditidaht Police Service - First Nations police service based at Nitinat Lake, BC[16] This police force was established in October 1996 with one chief constable and was closed in 2004 with the Lake Cowichan RCMP taking over policing duties.
  • Esquimalt Police Department - Township of Esquimalt incorporated on September 1, 1912. Two police constables were appointed by October 19, 1912 and by November 5, 1912 one of the two constables was appointed chief constable. By 1922 the Esquimalt police consisted of a chief of police and two constables. In 1942 the police force had grown to four members and in 1949 to five members. On January 30, 1955 the 12 member police force was responsible for both policing and fire fighting duties. By 1964 the police force consisted of 16 members, including the chief of police two sergeants and a corporal. By 1967 the police force had grown to 23 members, 9 of which are trained as firefighters and by September of 1967 would be a police force of 30 members. On January 14, 2003, the Esquimalt Police Department and its 46 officers (13 of which do double duty as firefighters) amalgamated with the Victoria Police Department, and today Victoria Police serves both communities.[17]
  • Tsewultun Police Service - First Nations police service based in Duncan, BC[18] This police force was established in 1995 with four constables. The police force was closed in September 2000 with the Duncan RCMP taking over policing duties.
  • Organized Crime Agency of British Columbia (OCABC) Established as an independent law enforcement agency in 1999, the mandate of the OCABC is to “facilitate the disruption and suppression of organized crime”. The OCABC is now part of the Combined Forces Special Enforcement Unit of British Columbia.[19]
  • Coordinated Law Enforcement Unit (CLEU) - CLEU was established in 1974 in response to the rapid rise in criminal activity in British Columbia in the late 1960s and early 1970s. CLEU remained until 1999 when it became the Organized Crime Agency of British Columbia.
  • Ports Canada Police - The Ports Police were disbanded in 1998. Their employers were the Canada Ports Corporation, phased out in 1998 with the creation of the Canada Marine Act.
  • Matsqui Police Department - The District of Matsqui was incorporated on November 26, 1892. Matsqui's first municipal constable was appointed on January 28, 1905. On June 12, 1924 Matsqui appointed its first temporary "traffic cop". The first Matsqui City Police Force existed until March 1925 when the British Columbia Police took over policing with 2 constables assigned to the district. Page B-14 of On August 9, 1954 the municipality determined to cancel its contract with the RCMP which had a four police officers located there.The Matsqui Police Department was then re-established on January 1, 1955 and in its first year had a chief of police and three constables for a population of 9000 to 10,000. By 1958 the police force had 10 officers. By 1970 it was had 15 officers for a population of 25,000. By November 1996 the police force consisted of 35 officers and turned in their BC Provincial Police khaki uniforms for dark blue uniforms. By May 6, 1987 the force consisted of 66 officers. On January 1, 1995, the municipalities of Matsqui (police) and Abbotsford (RCMP) amalgamated to be called the City of Abbotsford and the name of the department changed to the Abbotsford Police Department.[20]
  • British Columbia Highways Patrol - The Department of Highways Traffic Patrol was formed in 1958 and consisted of three NCO's and 33 Patrolmen (with an additional 26 Patrolmen added in the summer months and assigned to the Ferry Terminals in BC). Highway Patrol was responsible for traffic control at five major ferry terminals in BC (Tswwassen, Swartz Bay, Horseshoe Bay, Departure Bay and Langdale), the First Narrows Bridge (Lion's Gate Bridge), Second Narrows Bridge, Oak Street Bridge, George Massey Tunnel and the Port Mann Bridge and all approaches to these facilities. Highway Patrolmen were also sworn in as reserve constables for the Vancouver City Police, West Vancouver Police and RCMP. Highway Patrolmen had to deal with stalled vehicles, traffic violations, collisions, impaired drivers, stolen vehicles, suicides and attempted suicides as well as drugs, firearms, assaults and escaped prisoners. The BC Highways Patrol officers were not armed, utilized white and orange patrol vehicles and motorcycles with Red (only) lights and were uniformed in the then defunct British Columbia Provincial Police uniforms. Prior to 1958, the British Columbia Toll Highways and Bridges Authority superseded the formation of the BC Highways Patrol and had a uniformed and mobile enforcement presence to deal with tolls, collisions and traffic control in the Lower Mainland of BC tolled facilities. The BC Highway Patrol existed until 1988 when its officers and equipment then merged with what is now known as British Columbia Commercial Vehicle Safety and Enforcement (BCCVSE) to compliment as additional mobile or portable commercial vehicle inspection and enforcement peace officers.[21][22][23]
BC Highway Patrol.jpg
  • Fraser Mills Police - The small community was created in 1889 when Frank Ross and James McLaren opened what would become Fraser Mills, a $350,000, then state-of-the-art lumber mill on the north bank of the Fraser River. The first Chief of Police, Mr. Emery Paré, established his office at home with two prison cells built behind the house. By 1908, a mill town of 20 houses, a store, post office, hospital, office block, barber shop, and pool hall had grown around the mill. A mill manager's residence was built that would later become Place des Arts. Following World War II, Coquitlam and the rest of the Lower Mainland experienced substantial population growth that continues today. The opening of Lougheed Highway in 1953 made the city more accessible and set the stage for residential growth. In 1971, Coquitlam and Fraser Mills were amalgamated, which gave the city a larger industrial base. As a result the Fraser Mills Police Department was shut down and policing was provided by the RCMP.
  • Tadanac Police - Mining Community Policing 1922 to 1969 - Tadanac was incorporated in December 1922. When Tadanac was incorporated, there were a number of conditions imposed upon the new municipality. Trail was to remain the commercial centre, no churches or stores were to be built in Tadanac and only a small school could provide education for the lower grades. There was also a community hall built in 1937, five clay tennis courts that were used as a hockey rink in the winter, a Little League ball park, and a swimming pool. Tadanac had its own municipal reeve, clerk, police and fire departments. It was amalgamated with the City of Trail in 1969 and policing came under the RCMP.
  • Mission City Police - The District of Mission was incorporated on June 2, 1892. The first constable was appointed in 1906 to police the district. This was BC Provincial Constable Arthur W. Lane who was already policing in Mission for the Provincial Police and served from 1896 to 1910 when he died as a result of a heart attack while attempting to arrest an unruly Canadian Pacific train passenger. On March 19, 1908 the District appointed their own constable to police the district and no longer required the services of the BC Provincial Police who would still patrol the village and the unorganized territory. On February 9, 1911 the District had appointed two constables for policing duties. By 1947 a population of 4500 within Mission municipality was policed by one constable with assistance by the BC Provincial Police. On December 30, 1952 Mission council approved the hiring of a second constable, Mission police consisted of a chief constable and a constable. By February 15, 1957 the Mission Police had expanded to 3 members and then to 6 members by 1966. The Mission Police were disbanded on January 3, 1968 and the RCMP took over policing with a sergeant, corporal and 8 constables to police Mission municipality and district (the RCMP had taken over policing the rural district of Mission in 1950 from the BC Provincial Police and by 1967 had a sergeant and four constables policing the rural district only.
  • Surrey Police - The Municipality of Surrey was incorporated in 1879. The Surrey Municipal Police Force existed from 1887 to 1951 when it was replaced by the RCMP.
  • British Columbia Provincial Police (BCPP) This was the provincial police force of BC from 1866 until 1950, when it was absorbed into the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Its predecessors were the Vancouver Island Colonial Police and the BC Constabulary (Mainland) that existed from 1858 to 1866 when they merged to become the BCPP. Reference information to all municipal police forces that were taken over by the BCPP from 1925 to 1949 are located on Page B-12 of Of note most of these municipal police departments would have had anywhere from 1 to 5 constables employed depending on the size of the town's population, crime levels and civil disorder. Some of these municipal constable appointments may have been full time or as needed on call basis. Typically each historical municipal police department would have a full time chief constable.
  • Trail Police - Trail, British Columbia originally had its own municipal police with its first officer being appointed in 1896. This force would continue until January 1949 when it was absorbed into the British Columbia Provincial Police, and short time later the RCMP provided policing to the city.
  • Merritt City Police - Nicola Valley Museum Archives "Our records indicate that our municipal police operated from 1911 – 1948. There is mention of a Chief of Police, a Police Commissioner, a Police Magistrate and a Indian Department Constable. The BC Provincial Police took over in 1948"
  • BC Electric Railway Police - 1890 - Origins - Watchmen. The British Columbia Electric Railway, which had previously been three separate streetcar companies in Victoria, Vancouver, and New Westminster, employed watchmen to protect their first depots and power plants. These watchmen would later transition to become BC Electric security. 1900s - Railway Constables. The B.C.E.R. employed special constables appointed under the BC Railway Act. These constable were employed as watchmen, for special projects & special events, or in the case of the Great War – to protect against enemy sabotage. By 1915, as part of wartime measures, 31 special constables were assigned to key infrastructure points along transmission lines and key facilities across Vancouver, Indian Arm, and Burrard Inlet. It was on March 19, 1915 that Special Constable Charles Painter was shot and killed on duty while attempting to arrest a thief along the rail tracks adjacent to False Creek. 1940 - Special Protection Force. After the Great War, the use of constables by B.C.E.R. dwindled before returning on June 18, 1940 with the creation of the Special Protection Force – an armed special constable team established to protect against enemy sabotage. Most of their members were ex-military and were appointed as special provincial or municipal constables, depending on their location. They were posted to transmission lines, power plants and substations, and transportation hubs, similar to the special constables of the Great War. After the 1945 victory in Japan, the force was disbanded, and the B.C.E.R. returned to having watchmen as their sole protective staff.
  • Langley Municipal Police - Langley Township was incorporated on April 26, 1873 and would have been policed by the BC Provincial Police until January 22, 1906 when the town council first met and decided to appoint two municipal constables. On February 17, 1906 two municipal constables were appointed. By February 3, 1911 the town had employed 3 constables. In 1912 the town also had a chief constable appointed. In 1914 deputy constables were appointed for policing Aldergrove and Fort Langley. On February 13, 1915 the Langley police consisted of a chief constable and 2 constables with 1 assistant constable for Aldergrove and 1 for Fort Langley. February 12, 1923, police chief (Bob Macklin) is appointed and is the first full time police officer in Langley. Macklin served 19 years as Langley chief of police. By 1933 the Langley police consisted of the police chief and one constable and by June 2, 1934 a motorcycle officer was added for traffic duties. The BC Provincial Police took over policing of Langley on December 10, 1942 with 2 constables stationed there.
  • Richmond/Steveston City Police - On June 7, 1890 the Richmond Municipal Council appointed its first police constable. Policing duties were taken over by the BC Provincial Police in 1941.
  • Greenwood City Police - The City of Greenwood was incorporated July 12, 1897. Greenwood had a BC Provincial Police constable until Jan 29, 1898 at which time they appointed a city constable. In 1898 a police chief was also appointed. The population of Greenwood by 1903 was 1359 and they city had a police chief and constable. The copper smelter in Greenwood was closed in 1919. By 1928 the population was 500 and the city police consisted of just the police chief. The population declined again to 171 by 1932 with only a police chief employed. The last police chief was appointed November 10, 1939. By January 11, 1940 Greenwood only had Police Commissioners until 1954 and it is unclear if there was a police chief during that time. There likely was not a police chief due to the small population of Greenwood and that the town was used as a Japanese internment camp from 1942 to 1949. The BC Provincial Police and the RCMP would have had the primary policing duties in the city during the time of internment. In 1949 when the Japanese were allowed to return home to the coast of BC. Policing in Greenwood from 1949 to 1950 would have been provided by the BC Provincial Police from Grand Forks and Midway and subsequently the RCMP from Grand Forks and Midway from 1950 to present day.
  • Kamloops City Police - The city of Kamloops was incorporated in 1893. Policing was taken over by the British Columbia Provincial Police in 1938. The Kamloops City Police usually had about 4 serving members at anyone time.
  • Kaslo Police - Incorporated as a city on August 14, 1893. By October 18, 1893 the city had a chief constable and one constable. On January 19, 1895 the city decreed that it would be policed by three special constables during the day. In 1905 the city had a population of 1500 and was policed by the chief of police. By 1929 the city had a population of 900 and was policed by the chief of police. By 1932 the city population had reduced to 523. BC Provincial Police took over policing of the city in April of 1937 with a provincial constable who was already stationed in Kaslo.
  • Maple Ridge Municipal Police (Port Hammond and Port Haney) - The District of Maple Ridge was incorporated on September 12, 1874. In 1884/1885 the district had a peace officer. On March 8, 1906 a constable was appointed to the district. In 1911 one constable was appointed for Whonnock and another constable appointed for Ruskin. On January 6, 1921, Chief Constable Pope retired after 24 years of policing the district. The district retained its own police until March 1936 when the current chief constable was suspended from duties during which time the BC Provincial Police were requested to temporarily provide policing services. On April 5, 1936 the policing duties within the district were handed over to the BC Provincial Police. It is unclear how many provincial constables were stationed in Maple Ridge, but it is likely one as there was only one full time (chief) constable in 1936.
  • Vernon Police - Incorporated on December 30, 1892. BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1936.
  • Burnaby Police - Policing in Burnaby dates back to the first police constable, A.D. Cook, who was hired in 1900. In 1935, the Great Depression saw the disbandment of the local police force which was replaced by the British Columbia Provincial Police.
  • Spallumcheen Police - Incorporated in 1892. BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1935.
  • Armstrong Police - Incorporated in 1913. BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1935.
  • Port Alberni Police - Incorporated in 1912. BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1935.
  • North Vancouver District Police - Incorporated in 1891. BC Provincial Police took over policing on October 15, 1934.
  • North Vancouver City Police - 1893: The first law court was held in North Vancouver. During this time individuals within the community were appointed as constables. They were given the authority to do the community’s bidding in keeping the peace. 1897: Mr. Wattie was appointed constable and held the office for two years. August 1899; Mr. A.D. Nye was appointed constable until 1902 when Mr. Charles Mee was appointed. Mr. Mee resigned in March and Mr. Jack Kaymes replaced him while acting as caretaker for the new municipal hall.1907: Arthur Davies was appointed City’s first Chief of Police. 1934 October 15th: BC Provincial Police assumes policing duties in the City and District of North Vancouver.
  • Summerland Police - Incorporated 1906. BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1934.
  • Sumas Police - Sumas municipality incorporated on January 5, 1892. The first mention of a constable on the municipality records is March 20, 1908. By 1933 the municipality of Sumas had one constable and the BC Provincial Police took over policing of Sumas in April 1933.
  • Peachland Police - Incorporated in 1909. BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1932.
  • Penticton Police - Incorporated December 31, 1908. BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1932.
  • Revelstoke Police - The City of Revelstoke was incorporated on March 1, 1899. On June 22, 1899 a chief of police was appointed along with two constables and by 1919 the city police consisted of the chief, a constable and a jailor. Revelstoke city police continued to be policed by a chief and constable until June 1, 1932 when the BC Provincial Police took over policing, likely by a two member team.
  • Kelowna City Police - "The City of Kelowna, since its incorporation May 5, 1905 has experienced difficulty in obtaining police officers who would consistently give good service". A British Columbia commission report completed in September 1929 regarding "complaints of laxity and incompetency" likely ended the police department and the British Columbia Provincial Police took over soon after in 1932. It appears that in 1929 the city police consisted of two constables and the chief of police.
  • Fernie Police - The City of Fernie was incorporated on July 28, 1904. On August 26, 1904 the first police chief and one constable were appointed for the city of Fernie for a population of 3500. By 1907 the city police consisted of a police chief and two constables. By 1922 the population in Fernie was 4750 and the city police force consisted of a police chief and two constables. BC Provincial Police took over policing of the city of Fernie on May 31, 1931, with a provincial police corporal and constable for a city population of 3000.
  • Vancouver Harbour Police - On April 25, 1922, the Harbour Board took over policing on harbour property and in 1924 had a police force of 10 constables, two sergeants and a superintendent. By April 30, 1931 the Vancouver Harbour Police had disbanded
  • Cranbrook Police - The City of Cranbrook was incorporated on November 1, 1905. In December 1905 a city police chief and a constable were appointed. By 1918 the city police consisted of a police chief and two constables. BC Provincial Police took over policing of the City of Cranbrook on March 1, 1931 with a sergeant and two constables.
  • Enderby Police - Incorporated in 1905. BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1930.
  • District of Glenmore Police - Incorporated in the early 1900's. BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1929.
  • Township of Chilliwack Police - Township of Chilliwack incorporated on April 26, 1873. On January 22, 1896 a municipal constable was appointed for the township of Chilliwack. On February 21, 1908 the City of Chilliwack is incorporated and appoints its own police constable, separate and distinct from the Township of Chilliwack. By January 26, 1910 the Township of Chilliwack had two constables. The BC Provincial Police took over policing on the city and township of Chilliwack on April 4, 1929 to be policed by a sergeant and two constables..
  • City of Chilliwack Police - City incorporated February 21, 1908 with a police chief and night watchman appointed on April 8, 1908. On January 27, 1909 the city had a chief of police and a constable. By October 26, 1910 the city police consisted of 1 chief and 2 constables. The BC Provincial Police took over policing on the city and township of Chilliwack on April 4, 1929 to be policed by a sergeant and two constables.
  • Pitt Meadows Police - The District of Pitt Meadows was incorporated on April 1, 1914. On October 24, 1914 the position of constable was established and followed closely by another motion to procure a suitable badge for the Police Constable. In August 1929, the Pitt Meadows constable was replaced with a BC Provincial Police constable, who would be located in Haney (Maple Ridge).
  • Grand Forks City Police - Grand Forks was Incorporated April 15, 1897. The first Constable was appointed on May 27, 1897. By 1900 there was a chief of police and in 1901 one constable was added, the population of Grand Forks was 2500. BC Provincial Police took over policing of Grand Forks in July 1928 with 2 members.
  • Kent Police - District of Kent incorporated on January 1, 1895. There was one constable appointed in May or June of 1895. It is unclear if there were any constables from 1896 to 1906. On October 31, 1907 the clerk and reeve were appointed to deal with all drunk and disorderly conduct. On February 2, 1908 a constable was appointed again. It is unclear if there were any constables appointed from 1910 to 1921, however Dominion of Canada constables were present for every Hop picking season which would bring in up to 750 workers. From 1918 to 1923 Kent has police commissioners that would act as police as needed. On February 3, 1923 a municipal constable was appointed once again. BC Provincial Police took over policing of Kent on June 16, 1927 with one constable (currently stationed at Harrison Lake BC Provincial Police District).
  • Coldstream Police - Incorporated in 1906. BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1927.
  • Ladysmith Police - Incorporated in 1904. BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1927
  • Nanaimo City Police - Since 1894 the city's Board of Police Commissioners had administered a small local police force. In 1926 Nanaimo joined other municipalities in having the BC Provincial Police as their municipal police force.
  • Port Coquitlam Police - Incorporated in 1913. BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1926.
  • Coquitlam Police - Incorporated in 1908. BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1926.
  • Prince Rupert Police - Incorporated on March 10, 1910. BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1926.
  • Courtenay Police - Incorporated in 1915. BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1926.
  • North Cowichan Police - Incorporated in 1873. BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1926.
  • Prince George Police - Incorporated March 6, 1915. BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1925.
  • Duncan Police - Incorporated in 1912 BC Provincial Police took over policing in 1925.
  • Rossland Police - The City of Rossland was incorporated on March 18, 1897 (mining community). On July 5, 1897 the City of Rossland took over policing from the British Columbia Provincial Police by appointing a chief constable, sergeant and two constables. By February 1, 1902 the police force consisted of a chief constable, sergeant and one constable for a population of 7000. The BC Provincial Police took over policing for the City of Rossland at the end of July 1925 with one constable stationed there (the city's population was likely reduced by this time). Pg 40 of
  • Phoenix City Police - Mining city incorporated on August 31, 1900 (4 1/2 miles from the city of Greenwood BC). In December 1899 due to the rapid mining growth in the new community, a BC Provincial Police constable was stationed in Phoenix. On December 20, 1900 a chief of police was appointed for the city of Phoenix along with a night watchman. By 1903 the population was 1600 and the city still had a chief of police and night watchman, in 1905 the population was 1000. By 1918 the population was 1500 and quickly reduced to 700 when the mine closed in 1919, the city still had a chief of police. On October 1, 1920 the chief of police was one of the last residents of the city ensuring that materials were dismantled and to prevent any looting. The city and police no longer existed by the end of 1920.
  • Sandon City Police - Sandon City was incorporated on January 1, 1898 (Sandon is a silver mining ghost town located in the Selkirk mountains between Kaslo and New Denver British Columbia). The first mention of a chief of police is February 11, 1899. The population at its height was around 5000 and by June 3, 1901 the police force consisted of a chief constable and one constable. By January 1913 the city had no police force as the population was too small to have a civic election however the city clerk was appointed the chief of police as well as many other duties. By April 9, 1920 the City of Sandon was disincorporated.
  • Dominion Police - Maintained a federal policing presence in British Columbia from at least 1885 to November 16, 1918 when only two members remained in British Columbia.
  • Slocan Police - Slocan City was incorporated on June 1, 1901 as the centre of a silver mining boom. On July, 10, 1901 a chief of police was appointed for the city. In 1902 the city population was 950 and policing of the city consisted of a chief of police and BC Provincial Police constable. By 1918 the population had dropped to 250, there was no chief of police and the city only had an elected police commissioner. Policing for the city continued by the BC Provincial Police until 1950 and on November 9, 1957 the city changed its status from city to village. Policing after 1950 would have been provided by the RCMP in New Denver BC.
  • North Saanich Police - The District of North Saanich was incorporated December 22, 1905 and de-municipalized by the Government of British Columbia on July 1, 1910. One constable was appointed for the district in 1909 and by January 29, 1910 there were two constables appointed, one for the east and one for the west district until July 1, 1910 when a judge decreed that the district never had legal existence. This is very likely the shortest term for the existence of a municipal police department in British Columbia.
  • Columbia City Police - situated a few miles west from downtown Grand Forks BC, this city was incorporated on May 1, 1899 and had a Special Constable. In 1900 the city had a population of 400 and had one Constable and one BC Provincial Police Constable. The cities of Columbia and Grand Forks united on January 7, 1903 and policing was taken over by Grand Forks city police on that date.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ RCMP in BC, official website of RCMP “E” Division. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
  2. ^ "CP Police Service". Canadian Pacific. Retrieved 2015-05-19. 
  3. ^ "CN Police Service". Canadian National. Retrieved 2015-05-19. 
  4. ^ "Fishery Officer Career Information". DFO-MPO. Retrieved 2015-05-19. 
  5. ^ "Jobs at Parks Canada". Parks Canada. Retrieved 2015-05-19. 
  6. ^ "Canada's newest environment officers set to help turn the country green". Archived from the original on 2014-05-19. Retrieved 2015-05-19. 
  7. ^ "About CFSEU-BC". Retrieved 2015-05-19. 
  8. ^ "Description of Policing in BC". Government of B.C. Retrieved 2015-05-19. 
  9. ^ Conservation Officer Service official website. Retrieved 24 April 2007.
  10. ^ Sheriffs of British Columbia Archived 2007-04-07 at the Wayback Machine., unofficial website. Retrieved 24 April 2007.
  11. ^ "Key Facts" Updated January 9, 2015. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  12. ^ "Commercial Vehicle Safety & Enforcement" official website. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  13. ^ "IIOBC Mandate". Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  14. ^ Stl'atl'imx Tribal Police Service official website. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
  15. ^ "Police personnel in municipal police services, British Columbia, 2007". Statistics Canada. Statistics Canada. 2009-08-21. Retrieved 2016-06-17. 
  16. ^ Lithopoulos, Savvas. "Lifecycle of First Nation Administered Police Services in Canada". Public Safety Canada. Retrieved 22 September 2017. 
  17. ^ "History". Victoria Police. Retrieved 2015-05-19. 
  18. ^ Lithopoulos, Savvas. "Lifecycle of First Nation Administered Police Services in Canada". Public Safety Canada. Retrieved 22 September 2017. 
  19. ^ OCABC official website
  20. ^ "AbbyPD History". Abbotsford Police Department. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  21. ^ "The British Columbia Road Runner" (PDF). Ministry of Transportation. Department of Highways. 1975-01-01. Retrieved 2016-06-17. 
  22. ^ "Road Runner" (PDF). Ministry of Transportation. Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. 2009-05-01. Retrieved 2016-06-17. 
  23. ^ "Road Runner and Carrier" (PDF). Ministry of Transportation. Ministry of Transportation and Highways. 1980-07-01. Retrieved 2016-06-17.