Supreme Leader (North Korean title)
The supreme leader (Korean: 최고령도자; MR: ch'oeko ryŏngdoja) of North Korea is the de facto paramount leader of the party, state and army. The title has not been written into the national constitution as a separate office, but it currently states that the President of the State Affairs Commission is the supreme leader of North Korea. Likewise, according to the WPK Charter, the General Secretary of the WPK is the supreme leader of the Workers' Party. Formerly, under Kim Jong-il, this title was bestowed on the office of Chairman of the National Defence Commission, who was also the WPK General Secretary. Currently, General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea is the first priority political position of the supreme leader.
Propaganda workers began calling Kim Il-sung supreme leader in the late 1940s and the term has since been used to describe the status of Kim Jong-il and Kim Jong-un. Generally however, Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il were both referred to as "Great Leader" (Korean:위대한 수령) and "Dear Leader" (친애하는 령도자) respectively during their tenures as leader.
Individuals bestowed the title
|Premier of the Cabinet of the DPRK||9 September 1948 – 28 December 1972||Marxism-Leninism|
|Chairman of the WPK||24 June 1949 – 12 October 1966|
|General Secretary of the WPK||12 October 1966 – 8 July 1994|
|President of the DPRK||28 December 1972 – 8 July 1994|
|Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK||9 April 1993 – 17 December 2011||Juche|
|General Secretary of the WPK||8 October 1997 – 17 December 2011|
|First Secretary of the WPK||11 April 2012 – 9 May 2016||Juche|
|First Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK||13 April 2012 – 29 June 2016|
|Chairman of the WPK||9 May 2016 – 10 January 2021|
|President of the State Affairs Commission of the DPRK||29 June 2016 – present|
|General Secretary of the WPK||10 January 2021 – present|
- Bold offices refer to the highest positions in the Workers' Party of Korea, the unique ruling political party of North Korea.
- Eternal leaders of North Korea
- General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea
- Chairman and Vice Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea
- Kim dynasty
- Government of North Korea
- North Korean cult of personality
- Politics of North Korea
- Residences of North Korean leaders
- "Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un Cuts Tape for Completion of Sunchon Phosphatic Fertilizer Factory". Kim Il-sung University. Korean Central News Agency (KCNA). 2020-05-02. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
Kim Jong Un, chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK), chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and supreme commander of the armed forces of the DPRK, attended the ceremony.