List of leading Thoroughbred racehorses
The list of leading Thoroughbred racehorses contains the names of undefeated racehorses and other horses that had an outstanding race record in specific categories. Note though that many champions do not appear on the list as an unexpected defeat may be caused by many factors such as injury, illness, going, racing tactics and differences in weight carried, the latter being particularly significant in North America and Australia where handicaps are common even at the highest level of racing.
It is common to compare racehorses on multiple factors such as their overall race record, the quality of the horses they beat and the brilliance of their wins. Comparison of raw times is generally unreliable between horses of different eras or even over different racecourses due to a variety of factors such as the racing surface and the pace at which the race is run. Timeform ratings, introduced in 1948, and Beyer Speed Figures, introduced in the United States in 1992, are relatively recent attempts to compensate for such variables. Thoroughbred Winning Brew holds the Guinness world record for the fastest speed from the starting gate for a Thoroughbred racehorse, at 77.6 km/h (43.97 mph) over two furlongs, although Quarter Horses attain higher speeds over shorter distances than Thoroughbreds. Such speeds may also be achieved by elite racehorses during the stretch drive.
The two main forms of Thoroughbred horseracing are flat racing and hurdle or steeplechase (jumping) races over obstacles. Jumpers tend to be older than their flat racing counterparts and can have much longer careers, making it possible to earn a large number of wins. For example, champion hurdler Hurricane Fly won a then-record 22 Grade One races over his ten-year career.
Most race horses and race winners are male horses (either intact males or geldings). While male and female horses do not exhibit sexual dimorphism as obviously as human athletes, male horses are considered more aggressive racers and generally have a significant competitive advantage. At the highest level of racing though, intact males have great economic value at stud, so they are often retired after only a few years of racing. In part because they may have longer racing careers, some of the most winning racehorses of all time are females, including Kincsem, Black Caviar, Winx, Zenyatta.
||Pedigree and notes|
|54||Kincsem||Hungary||ch m||1874||Cambuscan (GB) x Water Nymph by Cotswold|
|25||Black Caviar||Australia||br m||2006||Bel Esprit x Helsinge by Desert Sun (GB)|
|19||Peppers Pride||United States||B.f.||2003||Desert God x Lady Pepper by Chili Pepper Pie|
|18||Eclipse||Great Britain||Ch.c.||1764||Marske x Spilletta by Regulus|
|18||Karayel||Turkey||B.h.||1970||Prince Tudor (GB) x Linda (TUR) by Cihangir (GB). Triple Crown winner.|
|16||Ormonde||Great Britain||B.c.||1883||Bend Or x Lily Agnes by Macaroni. Triple Crown winner.|
|16||Prestige||France||b c||1903||Le Pompon x Orgueilleuse by Révérand|
|16||Ribot||Great Britain||B.c.||1952||Tenerani (ITY) x Romanella (ITY) by El Greco|
|15||Colin||United States||Br.c.||1905||Commando x Pastorella (GB) by Springfield|
|15||Macon||Argentina||B.c.||1922||Sandal (GB) x Bourgogne by Your Majesty|
|14||Frankel||Great Britain||B.c.||2008||Galileo x Kind by Danehill|
|14||Highflyer||Great Britain||B.c.||1774||Herod x Rachel by Blank|
|14||Nearco||Italy||Br.c.||1935||Pharos (GB) x Nogara by Havresac II (FR)|
|13||Barcaldine||Great Britain||B.c.||1878||Solon x Ballyroe by Belladrum|
|13||Personal Ensign||United States||B.f.||1984||Private Account x Grecian Banner by Hoist The Flag|
|13||Tremont||United States||B.c.||1884||Virgil x Ann Fief by Alarm|
|12||Asteroid||United States||B.c.||1861||Lexington x Nebula by Glencoe (GB)|
|12||Braque||Italy||B.h.||1954||Antonio Canale x Buonamica by Niccolò dell'Arca|
|12||Crucifix||Great Britain||B.f.||1837||Priam x Octaviana by Octavian|
|12||Ardrossan||Great Britain||B.c.||1809||John Bull x Miss Whip by Volunteer|
|11||Goldfinder||Great Britain||B.c.||1764||Snap x mare by Blank|
|11||Kurifuji (Toshifuji)||Japan||Ch.f.||1940||Tournesol (GB) x Kenfuji by Chapel Brampton (GB)|
|10||Handsomchamp||USA||Gr./R h.||2002||Fabulous Champ x Holly D by Hey Rob|
|10||Nereide||Germany||B.f.||1933||Laland x Nella da Gabbio (ITY) by Grand Parade (GB)|
|10||Tokino Minoru||Japan||B.c.||1948||Theft (IRE) x Daini Tyrant's Queen (GB) by Soldennis|
|9||Bahram||Great Britain||B.c.||1932||Blandford x Friar's Daughter by Friar Marcus|
|9||Combat||Great Britain||Br.c.||1944||Big Game x Commotion by Mieuxce (FR)|
|9||Grand Flaneur||Australia||B.c.||1877||Yattendon x First Lady (GB) by St. Albans|
|9||Patience||Hungary||Ch.f.||1902||Bona Vista x (GB) Podagra (GB) by Galopin|
|9||Regulus||Great Britain||B.c.||1739||Godolphin Arabian x Grey Robinson by Bald Galloway|
|9||St. Simon||Great Britain||B.c.||1881||Galopin x St. Angela by King Tom|
|8||La Cressonniere||France||b.f.||2013||Le Havre x Absolute Lady by Galileo|
|8||Alipes||Great Britain||Br. or b. f.||1757||Regulus x Lusty by Locust|
|8||American Eclipse||United States||Ch.c.||1814||Duroc x Miller's Damsel by Messenger|
|8||Bullets Fever||United States||gr.c.||2013||Fiber Sonde x Ghost Canyon, by Indian Charlie|
|8||Caracalla||France||B.c||1942||Tourbillon x Astronomie by Asterus|
|8||Honeysuckle||Great Britain||B.m||2014||Sulamani x First Royal by Lando|
|8||Maruzensky||Japan||b. c.||1974||Nijinsky II x Shill by Buckpasser|
|8||Sweetbriar||Great Britain||Ch. c||1769||Syphon x mare (1763), by Shakespeare|
|8||Tiffin||Great Britain||b. f.||1926||Tetratema x Dawn-wind, by Sunstar|
|8||Sensations||United States||Br.c.||1877||Leamington x Susan Beane, by Lexington|
|8||Rare Brick||United States||Blk.c.||1983||Rare Performer x Windy Brick, by Mr. Brick|
|7||Cluster of Stars||United States||B.f.||2009||Greely's Galaxy x Babyurthegreatest, by Honour and Glory|
|7||El Rio Rey||United States||B.h.||1887||Norfolk x Marian by Malcolm|
|7||Kitano Dai O||Japan||Ch.c.||1965||Die Hard x Kitano Hikari by Tosa Midori|
|7||Malt Queen||Australia||Br.f.||1905||Maltster x Her Majesty by Sunrise|
|7||Mannamead||Great Britain||B.h.||1929||Manna x Pinprick by Torpoint|
|7||Perdita II||Great Britain||B.m.||1881||Hampton x Hermione by Young Melbourne|
|7||The Tetrarch||Ireland||Gr.c.||1911||Roi Herode (FR) x Vahren by Bona Vista|
|7||Zarkava||Ireland||B.f.||2005||Zamindar (USA) x Zarkasha by Kahyasi|
|7||Rodolph||United States||B.c.||1831||either Sir Archy Montorio or Sir Archy x Haxall's Moses Mare, by Haxall's Moses|
|7||Monarch||United States||B.c.||1834||Priam x Delphine, by Whisker|
|7||Salvator||France||Ch.c.||1872||Dollar x Sauvagine, by Ion|
|7||Viani||Italy||B.c.||1967||Acropolis x Violante Vanni, by Yorick|
|7||Itajara||Brazil||Br.c.||1983||Felicio x Apple Honey, by Falkland|
|6||Bay Middleton||Great Britain||B.c.||1833||Sultan x Cobweb by Phantom|
|6||Bustin Stones||United States||Ch.h.||2004||City Zip x Shesasurething by Prospectors Gamble|
|6||Candy Ride||Argentina||B.c.||1999||Ride The Rails (USA) x Candy Girl by Candy Stripes (USA)|
|6||Cavaliere d’Arpino||Italy||B.c.||1926||Havresac II (FR) x Chuette (GB) by Cicero|
|6||Claude||Italy||B.h.||1964||Hornbeam (GB) x Aigue-Vive (FR) by Vatellor|
|6||Flying Childers||Great Britain||B.c.||1714||Darley Arabian x Betty Leedes by Wharton's Careless|
|6||Hurry On||Great Britain||Ch.c.||1913||Marcovil x Tout Suite by Sainfoin|
|6||Justify||United States||Ch.c.||2015||Scat Daddy x Stage Magic by Ghostzapper. Triple Crown winner.|
|6||Quintessence||Great Britain||B.f.||1900||St. Frusquin x Margarine by Petrarch|
|6||Tolgus||Great Britain||B.h.||1923||Stefan the Great x Rosa Croft by Lemberg|
|6||Dismal||Great Britain||Buc.c.||1733||Godolphin Arabian x Alcock Arabian Mare, by Alcock's Arabian|
|6||Aldford||Great Britain||Br.c.||1911||Mauvezin x Mangalmi, by William the Third|
|6||Payaso||Argentina||B.c.||1929||Re-Echo x Payasada, by Pippermint|
|6||Albany Girl||Great Britain||Ch.f.||1935||Duncan Gray x Vestalia, by Abbot's Trace|
|6||Windsor Slipper||Ireland||B.c.||1939||Windsor Lad x Carpet Slipper, by Phalaris|
|6||Manantial||Argentina||Blk.c.||1955||Gulf Stream x Magda, by Full Sail|
|5||Ajax||France||B.h.||1901||Flying Fox x Amie by Clamart|
|5||Dice||United States||B.h.||1925||Dominant x Frumpery by Chicle|
|5||Emerson||Brazil||B.c.||1958||Coaraze (FR) x Empenosa by Full Sail (GB)|
|5||Fasliyev||Ireland||B.h.||1997||Nureyev x Mr P's Princess by Mr. Prospector|
|5||Husson||Argentina||Ch.h.||2003||Hussonet (USA) ex Villa Elisa (CHI) by Roy|
|5||Kneller||Great Britain||Ch.c.||1985||Lomond x Fruition by Rheingold|
|5||Landaluce||United States||B/br.f.||1980||Seattle Slew x Strip Poker by Bold Bidder. Champion 2yo filly|
|5||Landgraf||Germany||B.c.||1914||Louviers (GB) x Ladora (GB) by Ladas|
|5||Logician[a]||Great Britain||Ro.c.||2016||Frankel x Scuffle by Daylami|
|5||Norfolk||United States||B.c.||1861||Lexington x Novice by Glencoe (GB)|
|5||Precocious||Great Britain||B.c.||1981||Mummy's Pet x Mrs Moss by Reform|
|5||Reset||Australia||B.h.||2000||Zabeel x Assertive Lass by Zeditave|
|5||Teofilo||Ireland||B.h.||2004||Galileo x Speirbhean by Danehill|
|5||Queen's Logic||Ireland||Ch. f.||1999||Grand Lodge x Lagrion by Diesis|
|5||Albert||Great Britain||B.c.||1827||Moses x Varennes, by Selim|
|5||Frontin||France||Ch.c.||1880||George Frederick x Frolicsome, by Weatherbit|
|5||Pazman||Austria||B.c.||1916||Pardon x Patrie, by Gaga|
|5||Melody||Argentia||B.f.||1947||Meadow x Elegy, by Rustom Pasha|
|5||Paddy's Sister||Ireland||B.f.||1957||Ballyogan x Birthday Wood, by Bois Roussel|
|5||Eileen's Choice||Great Britain||B.f.||1967||Tin Whistle x Belle Cigale, by Beau Sabreur|
|5||Star Shower||Australia||Ch.c.||1976||Star of Heaven x Show, by Novalis|
|4||Nadal||United Stakes||B.c||2017||Blame x Ascending Angel by Pulpit|
|4||Agnes Tachyon||Japan||ch.h.||1998||Sunday Silence x Agnes Flora by Royal Ski. Won Satsuki Sho.|
|4||Catchascatchcan||Great Britain||B.f.||1995||Pursuit of Love x Catawba by Mill Reef. Yorkshire Oaks.|
|4||Drone||United States||Gr.c.||1966||Sir Gaylord x Cap and Bells by Tom Fool. Notable broodmare sire.|
|4||Fuji Kiseki||Japan||blk.h||1992||Sunday Silence x Millracer by Le Fabuleux. Champion two-year-old.|
|4||Golden Fleece||United States||B.c.||1979||Nijinsky II (CAN) x Exotic Treat by Vaguely Noble. Won Epsom Derby.|
|4||Lammtarra||United States||Ch.c.||1992||Nijinsky II (CAN) x Snow Bride by Blushing Groom. Three Group 1 victories.|
|4||Madelia||France||Ch.m.||1974||Caro x Moonmadness by Tom Fool. French champion 3yo filly.|
|4||Mastery||United States||Dk. b.c.||2014||Candy Ride x Steady Course by Old Trieste. Cash Call Futurity.|
|4||Raise a Native||United States||Ch.c.||1961||Native Dancer x Raise You by Case Ace. Champion two-year-old colt and noted sire.|
|4||Snap||Great Britain||Blk.c.||1750||Snip x Sister to Slipby by Fox. Noted sire.|
|4||Vindication||United States||B.h.||2000||Seattle Slew x Strawberry Reason by Strawberry Road. Breeders' Cup Juvenile.|
|4||White Moonstone||United States||B.f.||2008||Dynaformer x Desert Gold by Seeking the Gold. Fillies Mile.|
|4||Tennessee Oscar||United States||B.c.||1814||Wilke's Wonder x Rosy Clack , by Saltram|
|4||Clairvaux||Great Britain||Ch.c.||1880||Hermit x Devotion, by Stockwell|
|4||Magus||Austria-Hundary||Br.c.||1891||Ercildoune x Mascotte, by Forbidden Fruit|
|4||Ball's Florizel||United States||Ch.c.||1801||Diomed x Atkinson's Shark Mare, by Shark|
|4||Saphir||Austria-Hungary||Ch.c.||1894||Chamant x Sappho, by Wisdom|
|4||Morazzona||Italy||B.f.||1939||Cameronian x Milldoria, by Milton|
|4||Ocarina||France||Ch.c.||1947||Bubbles x Montagnana, by Brantome|
|4||Pharsalia||Great Britain||Ch.f.||1954||Panorama x Verdura, by Court Martial|
|4||Blood Royal||Ireland||B.c.||1971||Ribot x Natashka, by Dedicate|
|4||Saratoga Six||United States||B.c.||1982||Alydar x Priceless Fame, by Irish Castle|
|3||Kantharos||United States||Ch,h||2008||Lion Heart x Contessa Halo, by Southern Halo|
|3||Army Mule||United States||b h||2014||Friesian Fire x Crafty Toast by Crafty Professor. Carter Handicap.|
|3||Blue Train||Great Britain||Ch.c.||1944||Blue Peter x Sun Chariot (IRE) by Hyperion|
|3||Boniform||New Zealand||B.h.||1904||Multiform x Otterden (GB) by Sheen|
|3||Cobweb||Great Britain||B.f.||1821||Phantom x Filagree by Soothsayer. Winner of 1000 Guineas and Oaks.|
|3||Danzig||United States||B.c.||1977||Northern Dancer (CAN) x Pas De Nom by Admiral's Voyage. Leading sire.|
|3||Footstepsinthesand||Ireland||B.c.||2002||Giant's Causeway x Glatisant by Rainbow Quest. Won 2000 Guineas.|
|3||Meadowlake||United States||Ch.c.||1983||Hold Your Peace x Suspicious Native by Raise a Native. G1 winner.|
|3||Pharis||France||Bl.c.||1936||Pharos (GB) x Carissima by Clarissimus. Noted sire.|
|3||Pronto||Argentina||B.c.||1958||Timor x Prosperina by Gusty|
|3||Valyra||Great Britain||B.f.||2008||Azamour x Valima by Linamix|
|3||In Tune||United States||Gr.f.||2011||Unbridled's Song x Wichitoz by Affirmed. G2 winner|
Undefeated horses without five known starts
Nordlicht (chestnut horse 1941–1968, by Oleander x Nereide, by Laland) was also undefeated after an unknown number of starts. His victories included the Deutsches Derby and Austrian Derby. Middleton and Amato had one start each with both of them winning The Derby and then retiring. Cherimoya did likewise when she won The Oaks in her only start. Morston (colt by Ragusa x Windmill Girl by Hornbeam) had two starts, winning both, the second of which was the 1973 Epsom Derby. Sailor won both his races, including the 1820 Epsom Derby. Suspender had three starts, in smaller races, for three wins. Don Juan by Loyalist, Ball's Florizel (1801), Mirza by the Godolphin Arabian, and Lecturer (1869), were also unbeaten, but the number of their wins is unknown.
There have been only 4 horses to win over 100 races all of them coming from Puerto Rico. Only one is well documented - Galgo Jr, a bay horse bred in Puerto Rico in 1928, by the sire Galgo and dam War Relief, with 137 wins in 159 starts from 1930 to 1936.
The only horse to win over 100 races that is not from Puerto Rico is Ritmo Criollo, who was bred in Ecuador. He raced in Peru, running 165 times at the Hipódromo Arequipa and winning 66, as well as running 65 times at the Hipódromo de Monterrico, winning 36. Combined he raced 230 times and won 102 of them with 32 second place finishes, and 33 thirds.
Kingston (by Spendthrift) had 138 starts and won 89 of these, including 30 stakes-races. According to the American Horse Racing Hall of Fame, his 89 wins set the all-time record. Commencing a winning sequence as a four-year-old on 21 August 1888, Kingston had 35 race starts until 30 May 1891 during which he was defeated only twice. Bankrupt won 86 races from 348 starts, and he was also by Spendthrift.
Catherina (1830, by Whisker) started in 176 races and won 79 of them, many over long distances, including the Manchester Cup, Tradesmen's Cup, and Heaton Park's King's Cup. Many of Catherina's races were heat races, and she therefore actually faced the starter 298 times and was the first past the finish line 136 times, including two disqualifications, one walkover, and two dead-heats.
Pan Zareta started 151 times with 76 wins.
The horses who were defeated but had ten or more consecutive race wins include
- 56 – Camarero (PR)
- 49 – Cofresi (PR)
- 43 – Condado (PR)
- 39 – Galgo Jr (PR)
- 33 – Winx (AUS)‡
- 32 – Bachiller(PR)
- 25 – Tite(PR)
- 24 – Sicótico (DOM)
- 23 – Leviathan (USA) (1793) Cardiologo (PR)
- 22 – Miss Petty (AUS)‡, Pooker T (PR), Rapid Redux,Cocoliso(PR)
- 21 – Fashion, Kentucky, Picnic in the Park (AUS), (Bond's) First Consul (USA), Lottery (USA), Meteor (GB)
- 20 – Filch (Ireland)Kentucky
- 19 – Desert Gold (NZ)‡, Gloaming (AUS), Light (FR), Zenyatta (USA)‡,Estrellero(PUR, The Hero (GB)Altior,Skiff,Boston,Sweetmeat,Capa Prieto (PR)
- 18 – Ajax (AUS), Sally Hope‡, Big Buck's, Hindoo, Squanderer (IND)
- 17 – Careless (Warren's, 1751), Gay Lungi (AUS), Generations (USA), Gradisco (Ven), Hanover, Mainbrace, Silent Witness, Mister Park, Sarazen,Harkaway,Dudley,Alice Hawthorn,Beeswing,Sir Ken,Fratello Martino(DOM)
- 16 – Cigar (USA), Citation (USA), Hallowed Dreams (USA),Master Bagot, Miss Woodford‡, Mister Frisky, Sweetmeat (GB), The Bard, Luke Blackburn, Vuelve Candy B.
- 15 – Bayardo, Bernborough (AUS), Boston, Brigadier Gerard, Buckpasser (USA), Carbine (NZ),Squanderer, Gay James (AUS), Man o' War (USA), Pretty Polly‡, Vander Pool (USA)
- 14 Bandit Bomber,Cadeneta(PR), Harry Bassett (USA), Kukulkan, Overdose, Hurley Road(PR), Phar Lap (NZ), Springfield (GB), Stylish Lord (AUS), DouvanVuelve Candy B.(1993),Friponnier,Prince Charlie,
- 13 Camarine, Bula (1965) (over hurdles), Don Paco(PR),Limerick (NZ), Mollie McCarty,,Ignieto ,The Flying Dutchman, Timoleon, Vuelve Candy B.,Effie Deans,Planet,Kingston,Polar Star,Sweet, Soy Conquistador(PR) Wall,Weimer(ITL),Grano De Oro(IRE),Bula,
- 12 Enable ‡, Gallant Bloom ‡, Harkaway (1834), Morvich,, My Own Business (2000) Tulloch, No Involvement, Spectacular Bid, Super Easy (NZ), Hurley Road(PR),War Zone(JAM),Verset's Jet(PR),Va Bank
- 11 Azeri, Buveur d'Air, Eurythmic, Kingston Town (AUS), Native Dancer, Nijinsky, Oju Chosan (JPN), Pink Lloyd (CAN),Somerset Fair, Songbird, Faugheen, Kelso, Mended,Miracle Man (JAM),Royal Dad(JAM), Tom Fool, Taconeo (VEN), The Kid(PR),War Admiral
- 10 Annie Power (IRE),Arquitecto(PR),Bambera(VEN), Beauty Generation (NZ), Better Than Ever (AUS), Count Fleet (USA), Co Tack, Defaulter (AUS), Kindergarten (NZ),Leonardo(PAN), Lost in the Fog,Piko, Quijano (GER), Ruffian (USA), Sir Fever (URU), Spectacular Bid, Surround‡, Sprinter Sacre, ,My Own Business (2002), Native Dancer, Awesome Feather, Mac Diarmida, Solow (GB), Star Guitar (USA), Stradivarius Sysonby, Totally Evil(USA), Runnin'toluvya (USA)
Timoleon (1813) won 13 consecutive races and sired National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame horse Boston (1833), who started in about 45 races, winning 40, including 15 in succession. Boston then sired Lexington, who had 7 starts for 6 wins and a place. Lexington in turn sired Kentucky (23 starts, 21 wins), plus the undefeated Asteroid and Norfolk.
Most wins in one season
- 30 - Jorrocks, also known as The Iron Gelding, won 30 of his 31 starts in 1846, carrying no less than nine stone (126 lbs) over the usual distances of two or three miles, Galgo Jr won 30 races in 1931 at age three.
- 29 - Camarero won 29 races in 1955 at the age of 4
- 25 - Galgo Jr(1935)
- 23 - Fisherman won 23 races in 1856 as a three year old, winning from 1/2 mile to 3 miles.
- 22 – Luke Blackburn (1880), in 24 starts, Fisherman in 1957
- 21 – Fisherman, Picnic in the Park (AUS) from 23 starts including breaking down in final race, Top Ace (AUS), Imp, Galgo Jr(1930), Lilian as a five year old in 1874, Alice Hawthorn as a 6 year old in 1844 won 20 races and one dead-heat
- 20 – Hanover
- 19 – Citation (1948), in 20 starts; Camarero (1954, Puerto Rico); Roseben (1905), in 29 starts, Rapid Redux (2011, USA), Phar Lap (AUS)Vuelve Candy B.(1993),Galgo Jr(1932)
- 18 – Hindoo (1881), Clifford (1893),Camarero (1953, Puerto Rico),Galgo Jr(1934),
- 17 – Kincsem (1877, Hungary),Capa Prieto (PR)
- 16 – Provideo, Timeless Times Sweetmeat (GB), The Bard (1883, GB), Princesa (PR)
- 15 – Alsab, Mainbrace (NZ), Old Rosebud (1917), Kingston (1891), Kincsem (Hun), Pan Zareta (1913 & 1915), Round Table (1957), Vuelve Candy B.(1991),Wiso G.(1968),Galgo Jr(1933)
- 14 – Ajax, Desert Gold (NZ)‡, Phar Lap (NZ), Tulloch (NZ), Twilight Tear, Billy Kelly, Kingston (1889)
- 13 –Bambera(VEN), Firenze, Gloaming, Grey Way (NZ), Nagwa, Spindrifter, Uncle Remus,, El Manut(PAN) Whirlaway(1941),Hurley Road(1981), Buckpasser, Ben Brush, Kingston (1887–1892),Music Express (1990) Tremont, Henry of Navarre, Vuelve Candy B.(1992&1994),Dungannon
- 12 – Beldame, Colin (USA),Cherokee Pepper(PR),Cherokee Pepper(PR), Emperor of Norfolk, Firenze, Kingston Town (AUS), Kincsem (Hun), Surround‡, Mac Diarmida (USA), Zev (USA), Coaltown (USA), Damascus (USA), Roamer (USA), Mister Frisky (USA), Parole,Verset's Jet(PR) Whirlaway (1942)
- 11 – Almendra(PR), Man o' War (USA), Armed (1946 and 1947), Duke of Magenta,Don Paco(PR),Don Piero(PR),Estrellero(PR), Poseidon, Proud Miss‡, Soba, Vindaloo, Red Craze, Cicada, Discovery, Seabiscuit, Bold Ruler, Princess Doreen, La Voyageuse
- 10 – Bernborough (AUS),Blow the Whistle (USA) Busher (USA), Carbine (NZ), Cigar (USA), Count Fleet (USA), Equipoise (USA), Exterminator (1920–1922), Kindergarten (NZ), Kincsem (Hun), Lady's Secret (1985 and 1986), Mended,Hurley Road(1982),Miracle Man (JAM) Music Express (1992),Nashua (USA), Ormonde (GB),Pikotazo (MEX), Rising Fast (NZ), Saginaw Sarazen (USA),Sicótico (DOM) Spectacular Bid (USA), Trafalgar, Tom Fool (USA), Tosmah, Tuscalee (USA), Miss Woodford
Most group / grade one (G1) wins
To identify the highest quality races, the pattern race system was introduced in Europe in 1971, followed by the graded stakes system in North America in 1974. Other countries followed suit, though the criteria and quality has not always been consistent between racing jurisdictions. The following list considers horses that won grade one / group one races that were open for International competition. Winners of local (restricted) group / grade one wins are not included.
The horses with ten or more such G1 race wins are:
- 25 – Winx (AUS)‡
- 22 – Hurricane Fly (IRE)
- 16 – John Henry (USA), Kauto Star (FR)
- 15 – Black Caviar (AUS)‡
- 14 – Affirmed (USA), Forego (USA), Goldikova (IRE)‡, Kingston Town (AUS), Istabraq (IRE)
- 13 – Bayakoa (ARG)‡, Moscow Flyer (IRE), Spectacular Bid, Sunline (NZ)‡, Tie the Knot (AUS), Zenyatta (USA)‡
- 11 – Apple's Jade (FRA)‡, Bambera(VEN), Beholder (USA)‡, Cigar (USA), Lady's Secret (USA)‡, Lonhro (AUS), Manikato, McDynamo (USA), Rough Habit (NZ), Serena's Song‡ (USA), Wise Dan (USA)
- 10 – Altior, Azeri (USA)‡, Beef or Salmon (IRE), Big Buck's (FRA), Brave Inca (IRE), Dahlia (USA)‡, Faugheen Frankel (GB), Enable‡, Miesque (USA)‡, Paseana (ARG)‡, Octagonal (NZ), Mufhasa (NZ), Skip Away (USA), So You Think (NZ) Melody Belle (NZ)‡
Successive group / grade one (G1) wins
This list shows horses who won a series of Grade/Group 1 races without a loss and without an intervening race at a lower level of competition.
- 10 – Winx‡
- 9 – Zenyatta‡, Frankel, Hurricane Fly
- 8 – Black Caviar‡
- 7 – Rock of Gibraltar, Sprinter Sacre, Miss Terrible (ARG)‡
- 6 – Mill Reef, Invasor, Sea the Stars, Good Night Shirt, Sistercharlie‡,
- 5 – Almond Eye (JPN)‡, American Pharoah, Affirmed, Cigar, Douvan, Dubai Millennium, Easy Goer, Enable‡, Go For Wand‡, Giant's Causeway, Gun Runner, McDynamo,Paseana Rachel Alexandra‡, Seattle Slew, Solow, Spectacular Bid, Skip Away, Stardom Bound‡, Wise Dan
Successive Stakes wins
- 33 – Winx‡
- 23 – Black Caviar‡
- 17 – Zenyatta‡
- 16 – El Manut (PAN)
- 15 – Citation, Man o War
- 13 – Cigar, Colin, Tremont
- 12 – Brigadier Gerard, Spectacular Bid, Frankel
- 11 – Enable‡, Kingston Town, Ormonde, Pink Lloyd, Tom Fool, Va Bank
- 10 – Star Guitar, Songbird‡, Stradivarius, Sysonby
‡ = Filly or mare
|22:21–1–0||Native Dancer||United States||Gr.h. 1950||Polynesian x Geisha by Discovery||1953 Kentucky Derby 2nd|
|21:20–1–0||Man o' War||United States||Ch.h. 1917||Fair Play x Mahubah by Rock Sand||Sanford Stakes 2nd|
|20:19–1–0||Zenyatta||United States||B/br.f. 2004||Street Cry x Vertigineux by Kris S.||2010 Breeders' Cup Classic 2nd|
|19:18–0–0||Hambletonian||Great Britain||B.h. 1792||King Fergus x Grey Highflyer by Highflyer|
|19-18-0-0||Friponnier||Great Britain||1864||Chevalier Dindustrie x Tension by Teddington||lost his 5th start|
|19:18–0–0||Squanderer||India||B.c. 1973||Valoroso (GB) x Milky Way (IND), by Scamperdale (GB)|
|18:17–1–0||Botafogo||Argentina||1914||Old Man x Korea (GB) by Raeburn|
|18:17–1–0||Brigadier Gerard||Great Britain||1968||Queen's Hussar x La Paiva by Prince Chevalier||1972 Benson & Hedges Gold Cup 2nd|
|18:17–0–0||Gradisco||Venezuela||1960||Show Ring x Gradara by Orsenigo|
|17-16-0-0||Minimo||Turkehy||1968||(Cihangir – Mighty Mo, by Big Game(GB)||Lost her maiden|
|16:15–1–0||The Flying Dutchman||Great Britain||1846||Bay Middleton x Barbelle by Sandbeck||1850 Doncaster Cup 2nd|
|15:14–0–1||Sysonby||United States||1902||Melton x Optime by Orme||Sheepshead Bay Futurity 3rd|
|14:13–1–0||Camarine||Great Britain||1828||Juniper x Rubens mare by Rubens||Maiden race 2nd|
|12:11–0–0||Alba||Germany||1927||Wallenstein x Arabis by Ard Patrick|
|12:11–0–0||Invasor||Argentina||B.h 2002||Candy Stripes x Quendom by Interprete||2005 UAE Derby 4th|
|12:11–1–0||Isinglass||Great Britain||1890||Isonomy x Deadlock by Wenlock||Lancashire Plate 2nd|
|11–10–1–0||Leonatus||United States||1880||Longfellow x Semper Felix by Phaeton||2nd in Maiden Stakes, only race at 2|
|11:10–1–0||Queen of Trumps||Great Britain||br. f. 1832||Velocipede x Princess Royal by Castrel||1835 Scarborough Stakes (attacked by dog)|
|11:10–0–1||Wheel of Fortune||Great Britain||f. 1869||Adventurer x Queen Berths by Kingston||1879 Great Yorkshire Stakes|
|11:10–0–1||Galopin||Great Britain||1872||Vedette x Flying Duchess by The Flying Dutchman||1874 Middle Park Plate 3rd|
|11:10–1–0||Imi||Hungary||1953||Internezzo x Minci by Mannamead|
|11:10–0–0||Ruffian||United States||f. 1972||Reviewer x Shenanigans by Native Dancer||Match race against Foolish Pleasure DNF|
|11:10–1–0||Atlantic Jewel||Australia||b. f. 2008||Fastnet Rock x Regard by Zabeel||2013 Underwood Stakes 2nd|
|11:10–0–0||Awesome Feather||United States||2008||Awesome of Course x Precious Feather by Gone West||Breeders' Cup Ladies Classic 6th|
|10:9–1–0||Alleged||United States||1974||Hoist the Flag x Princess Pout by Prince John||1977 St. Leger Stakes 2nd|
|10:9–1–0||Divine Proportions||United States||2002||Kingmambo x Myth to Reality by Sadler's Wells||2005 Prix Jacques Le Marois 2nd|
|10:9–1–0||Don John||Great Britain||1835||Waverley x Comus mare by Comus||1839 Port Stakes 2nd|
|10:9–0–0||Dubai Millennium||Great Britain||1996||Seeking The Gold x Colorado Dancer by Shareef Dancer||1999 Epsom Derby 7th|
|10:9–1–0||Forli||Argentina||1963||Aristophanes (GB) x Trevisa by Advocate (GB)||Citation Handicap 2nd|
|10:9–0–1||Horse Chestnut||South Africa||1995||Fort Wood x London Wall by Col Pickering||Morris Lipschitz Juvenile Plate 3rd|
|10:9–1–0||Majestic Prince||United States||1966||Raise a Native x Gay Hostess by Royal Charger||1969 Belmont Stakes 2nd|
|10:9–1–0||Phone Trick||United States||1982||Clever Trick x Over the Phone by Finnegan||Tom Fool Stakes 2nd|
|10:9–0–0||Stopshoppingdebbie||United States||2010||Curlin x Taste the Passion by Wild Again||2014 L.A Woman 5th|
|10:9–1–0||West Australian||Great Britain||1850||Melbourne x Mowerina by Touchstone. Triple Crown winner.||Criterion Stakes 2nd|
|9:8–1–0||Dante||Great Britain||1942||Nearco x Rosy Legend by Dark Legend||1945 2000 Guineas Stakes, 2nd|
|9:8–1–0||Donatello II||France||1934||Blenheim (GB) x Delleana (ITY) by Clarissimus (GB)|
|9–8–1–0||King Glorious||United States||1986||Naevus x Glorious Natalie by Reflected Glory||1989 Gold Tush 2nd|
|9:8–1–0||Herold||Germany||1917||Dark Ronald x Hornisse by Ard Patrick|
|9:8–1–0||Mistress Ford||France||1933||Blandford (IRE) x Polly Flinders II by Teddy|
|9:8–0–0||Sea the Stars||Ireland||2006||Cape Cross x Urban Sea by Miswaki||Maiden race|
|9:8–1–0||Sicambre||France||1948||Prince Bio x Sif by Rialto||1950 Prix Morny, 2nd|
|9:8–1–0||Smarty Jones||United States||2001||Elusive Quality x I'll Get Along by Smile||2004 Belmont Stakes, 2nd|
|9:8–0–1||Sun Chariot||Ireland||1939||Hyperion x Clarence by Diligence|
|9:8–1–0||Horometer||Canada||1931||Hourless x Star Pal by North Star|
|9:8–1–0||Dalakhani||Ireland||2000||Darshaan x Daltawa by Miswaki||2003 Irish Derby, 2nd|
|8:7–1–0||Kingman||United Kingdom||2011||Invincible Spirit x Zenda by Zamindar||2014 2000 Guineas Stakes, 2nd|
|8:7–1–0||Graustark||United States||1963||Ribot x Flower Bowl by Alibhai||1966 Blue Grass Stakes, 2nd|
|8:7–0–0||Big Brown||United States||B.h. 2005||Boundary x Mien by Nureyev||2008 Belmont Stakes DNF|
|8:7–0–0||King Kamehameha||Japan||B.h. 2001||Kingmambo x Manfath by Last Tycoon||2004 Keisei Hai|
|8:7–0–0||Reel||United States||Gr.m. 1838||Glencoe (GB) x Gallopade by Catton|
|8:7–0–0||Shakespeare||United States||B.h. 2001||Theatrical x Lady Shirl by That's a Nice||2005 Breeders' Cup Turf|
|8:7–1–0||Sea Bird||France||1962||Dan Cupid x Sicalade by Sicalade||1964 Grand Critérium, 2nd|
|8:7–1–0||Macaroni||United Kingdom||1860||Sweetmeat x Jocose by Pantaloon||debut race at 1862|
|8:7–1–0||El Gran Senor||United States||1981||Northern Dancer x Sex Appeal by Buckpasser||1984 Epsom Derby, 2nd|
|8:7–1–0||Sinndar||Ireland||1997||Grand Lodge x Sinntara by Lashkari||2000 Ballysax Stakes, 2nd|
|8:7–0–1||Grand Parade||Ireland||blk.c. 1916||Orby x Grand Geraldine by Desmond||Moulton Stakes 3rd|
|8:7–0–1||Sircat Sally||United States||2014||Surf Cat x Sister Sally by In Excess )||San Clemente Handicap 3rd|
|8:7–0–0||Rock Fall||United States||2011||Speightstown x Renda by Medaglia d'Oro||8th in debut race|
|7:6–1–0||St Patrick||Great Britain||1817||Walton x Dick Andrews mare by Dick Andrews|
|7:6–1–0||Lexington||United States||1850||Boston x Alice Carneal by Sarpedon (GB)||Jockey Club Purse 2nd|
|7:6–1–0||Partner||Great Britain||1718||Jigg x Sister to Mixbury, by Curwen's Bay Barb|
|7:6–0–0||Barbaro||United States||2003||Dynaformer x La Ville Rouge by Carson City||2006 Preakness Stakes DNF|
|7–6–1–0||Eternal Rule||Canada||2008||Tribal Rule x Eternal Legend, By Gold Legend||2012 Bold Venture Stakes 2nd|
|7:6–0–0||Val d'Or||France||1902||Flying Fox x Wandora by Bruce|
|6:5–0–1||Graydar||United States||2009||Unbridled's Song x Sweetest Smile by Dehere||3rd allowance|
|6:5–1–0||Hoist the Flag||United States||1968||Tom Rolfe x Wavy Navy by War Admiral||Champagne Stakes, DQ|
|6:5–1–0||Kingston Treasure||Hong Kong||1995||Spectacular Love x Attempting by Try My Best|
|6:5–1–0||Majesticperfection||United States||2006||Harlan's Holiday x Act So Noble by Wavering Monarch||Maiden, third|
|6:5–1–0||Meld||Great Britain||f. 1952||Alycidon x Daily Double by Fair Trial|
|6:5–1–0||Sebring||Australia||Ch.c. 2005||More Than Ready x Pure Speed by Flying Spur|
|6:5–1–0||Voltaire||Great Britain||1826||Blacklock x mare by Phantom|
|6:5–0–0||Zilzal||United States||Ch.c 1986||Nureyev x French Charmer by Le Fabuleux||1989 Breeders' Cup Mile, 6th|
|5–4–0–1||Common||Great Britain||Ch.c 1888||Isomony x thistle by Scottish Chief||3rd in debut race|
|5:4–1–0||Bletchingly||Australia||Br.h. 1970||Biscay x Coogee (GB) by Relic (USA)|
|5:4–1–0||Riddlesworth||Great Britain||1828||Emilius x Fillagree by Soothsayer||1831 Epsom Derby 2nd|
|5:4–0–1||Apalachee||United States||1971||Round Table x Moccasin by Nantallah||3rd in 2000 Guineas|
|5:4–0–1||Noblesse||Ireland||1960||Mossborough x Duke's Delight by His Grace||3rd in Prix Vermeille|
|5:4–0–0||Magnum Moon||United States||2015||Malibu Moon x Dazzling Song by Unbridled Song||19th in Kentucky Derby|
|5:4–1–0||Barremina||United States||1971||Royal Medal - Bacacay, by Moslem(ARG)||2nd in Clasico Louis Martinz|
|4–3–1–0||Violence||United States||2010||Medaglia d'Oro x Violent Beauty by Gone West||2nd Fountain of youth|
|4–3–0–0||Smooth Roller||United States||2011||Hard Spun x Catch the Moment by Unbridled||4th in the Harry F Brubaker|
|4:3–1–0||Blandford||Ireland||1919||Swynford x Blanche by White Eagle|
|4–3–0–0||Buddha||United States||1999||Unbridled's Song x Cahooters by Storm Cat||10th debut race|
|4:3–0–0||Wild Dayrell||Great Britain||Br.h. 1852||Ion x Ellen Middleton by Cain. Won Epsom Derby.|
|4-3-0-0||Demarchelier||Great Britain||2016||Dubawi x Loveisallyyouneed by Sadlers Wells||2019 Belmont Derby DNF|
|3:2–0–1||Bois Roussel||Great Britain||Br.h. 1935||Vatout x Plucky Liege by Spearmint. Won Epsom Derby.||3rd Grand Prix de Paris|
|3–2–0–1||New Years Day||United States||Br.h 2011||Street Cry x Justwhistledixie by Dixie Union||3rd debut race|
|3:2–0–0||Nureyev||United States||1977||Northern Dancer x Special by Forli||2,000 Guineas Stakes DSQ (finished 1st)|
|3:2–0–0||Wilkes||France||1952||Court Martial x Sans Tares (GB) by Sind|
$10 million prizewinning horses
The following horses have earned over $10 million in prize money. Most of them raced (at least in part) in Japan, Hong Kong, Australia and/or Dubai due to large purse sizes. Where applicable, the conversion to US$ was made at the time the horse raced so does not reflect current exchange rates. Different methodologies for currency conversions may result in slightly different rankings.
- Orfevre (Japan) 1,576,213,000 yen (US$19,005,276)
- Winx (AUS) A$26,421,176 (US$18,943,757)
- Gentildonna (Japan) JPY 1,326,210,000 (US$18,468,392)
- Arrogate (USA) US$17,422,600
- Buena Vista (Japan) JPY 1,478,869,700 (US$17,018,548)
- Kitasan Black 1,876,843,000 JPN yen, (US$16,572,523)
- Thunder Snow (Ireland) US$16,391,476
- T M Opera O (Japan) JPY 1,835,189,000 (US$16,200,337)
- Gun Runner (USA) US$15,988,500
- Gold Ship (Japan) 1,397,767,000 yen (US$15,040,217)
- California Chrome (USA) US$14,752,650
- Enable (GB) £10,382,243 (US$13,663,326)
- Vodka 1,333,565,800 JPY (US$13,147,826)
- Victoire Pisa 1,465,416,058.53 yen, US$12,891,734
- Deep Impact (Japan) 1,454,551,000 yen (US$12,825,285)
- Narita Brian (Japan) 1,026,916,000 yen (US$12,026,101)
- Maximum Security (USA) US$11,801,900
- Symboli Kris S (USA) 984,724,000 JPY (US$11,531,995)
- Vermilion (Japan) 1,168,607,500 yen (US$11,139,125)
- Redzel (AUS) A$15,372,000 (US$10,935,640)
- Makybe Diva (GB) A$14,526,685 (US$10,767,186). Raced in Australia.
- Smart Falcon (JPN) (US$11,470,635)
- Lys Gracieux (JPN) US$11,023,327
- Espoir City (JPN) (US$11,443,812)
- Beauty Generation HK$84,760,000 (US$10,806,476)
- Hokko Tarumae (JPN) (US$10,703,689)
- Curlin (USA) US$10,501,800
- Viva Pataca (GB) HKD$81,297,500 (US$10,438,864.83)
- Almond Eye (JPN) US$10,193,349
- Highland Reel (IRE) £7,513,355 (US$10,057,377.00)
Most of the above horses belong to the Nearco sireline, mostly through the branches established by Sunday Silence and Northern Dancer. However, Curlin, Arrogate, Winx and Gun Runner descend instead from the Native Dancer sire line through Mr. Prospector. Both Nearco and Native Dancer were grandsons of Phalaris.
North American records
In 1951, Citation became the first horse to win one million dollars. In 1979, Affirmed became the first horse to break the two million dollar barrier, finishing his career with earnings of $2.3 million. Spectacular Bid broke this record in 1980, amassing career earnings of $2.8 million. Purses began to increase sharply soon afterwards thanks in large part to the Breeders' Cup. The next record holders were John Henry, who earned $6.6 million by the end of his career in 1984 and Alysheba, with earnings of $6.7 million by the end of his career in 1988. Cigar was the next to hold the North American earnings title, finishing his career in 1998 with earnings just shy of $10 million ($9,999,815). That remained the North American record until Curlin in 2008, who earned $10.5 million. California Chrome broke this record in 2016 with career earnings of $14.8 million, and was in turn surpassed by Arrogate when he won the 2017 Dubai World Cup to take his career earnings over $17 million.
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