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List of legendary creatures by type

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This is a list of legendary creatures from mythology, folklore and fairy tales, sorted by their classification or affiliation. Creatures from modern fantasy fiction and role-playing games are not included.

Animals, creatures associated with

Aquatic and marine mammals

Arthropods

Bats

Birds

  • Ababil (mythology) – a miraculous bird
  • Adarna – has healing powers, put people to sleep, and turn people into stone (Philippines)
  • Aethon – eagle tormentor of Prometheus
  • Alkonost – female with body of a bird (Russian)
  • Alicanto – bird with luminescent feathers which feeds on gold or silver (Chilean)[1]
  • Anqa – large mysterious or fabulous female bird in Arabian mythology
  • Anzû – massive bird who can breathe fire and water (Sumerian)
  • Bare-fronted Hoodwink
  • Bennu – self-creating deity, Phoenix (Egyptian)
  • Bird People
  • Caladrius – white bird with healing powers (Roman)
  • Chalkydri – heavenly creatures of the Sun (apocryphal writings)
  • Chamrosh – body of a dog, head & wings of a bird (Persian Myth)
  • Chol (Biblical mythology) – regenerative bird
  • Cinnamon bird – builds nests out of cinnamon (Arabia)
  • Devil Bird – shrieks predicting death (Sri Lankan)
  • Fenghuang – a phoenix who reigns over all other birds (China)
  • Gandabherunda – two-headed magical bird (Hindu)
  • Gamayun – prophetic bird with woman's head (Russian)
  • Garuda – known as the primordial bird and the progenitor of all birds; vehicle of Lord Vishnu (Hindu, Buddhist)
  • Griffin – guards treasure and priceless possessions (Greek)
  • Harpy – ugly winged bird woman, steals food (Greek)
  • Hippogriff – winged horse with the head and upper body of an eagle (French, England)
  • Hræsvelgr – giant who takes the form of an eagle (Norse mythology)
  • Hudhud (mythology) – Hoopoe
  • Horus – deity (Egypt)
  • Hugin and Munin – two ravens that serve as messengers (Norse mythology)
  • Itsumade – monstrous bird with a human face (Japan)
  • Jingwei - a bird who is determined to fill up the sea (China)
  • Kalavinka - a fantastical immortal creature in Buddhism, with a human head and a bird's torso and long flowing tail.
  • Luan (mythology) - a bird which carries a shield and tramples on snakes while wearing one on its breast (China)
  • Minokawa – Giant, Dragon-like bird in Philippines (Philippines)
  • Nachtkrapp – (The Night Raven)
  • Nine-headed Bird;- a totem creature, predecessor to the Fenghuang (China)
  • Nyctimene (Roman)- Transformed into an owl by Minerva.
  • Oozlum bird – (Australian and British folk tales)
  • Owlman – compared to America's Mothman (England)
  • Pamola – bird/moose spirit who causes cold weather (Abenaki)
  • Peng (mythology);- an enormous bird transformed from a giant fish which flies over the great oceans (China)
  • Phoenix – (Greek)
  • Piasa  – Enormous bird outside of Alton Illinois, memorialized on rock painting; last reported sighting 1973 when the bird carried off two children.[2]
  • Qingniao;- blue or green messenger birds of the Queen Mother of the West (China)
  • Ra – Deity (Egypt)
  • Rain Bird – bird who brought rain (Native American)
  • Roc – enormous legendary bird of prey
  • Shangyang – rainbird (Chinese)
  • Simurgh
  • Sirin – birds with women heads, lured men to their death (Russia, Greek)
  • Strix – owl that ate human flesh (Greek)
  • Stymphalian birds – man-eating birds (Greek)
  • Tengu – has human and bird characteristics, name means dog (Japan)
  • Three-legged bird (various cultures)
  • Thunderbird – (Native American, American Southwest, Great Lakes, and Great Plains)
  • Thoth – deity (Egypt)
  • Turul – mythological bird of prey
  • Vermilion Bird – (Chinese)
  • Vucub Caquix – bird demon
  • Yatagarasu – three-legged crow
  • Zhenniao – poisonous bird (Chinese)
  • Ziz – giant griffin (Jewish)
  • Zu – divine monster depicted as a lion-headed eagle

Chickens

  • Alectryon – rooster (Greek)
  • Basan, a fire-breathing chicken from Japanese mythology
  • Cockatrice, a chicken-headed dragon or serpent, visually similar to or confused with the Basilisk.
  • Gallic rooster, a symbolic rooster used as an allegory for France
  • Gullinkambi, a rooster who lives in Valhalla in Norse mythology
  • Rooster of Barcelos, a mythological rooster from Portugal
  • Sarimanok, a legendary chicken of the Maranao people who originate from Mindanao (Philippines)
  • Víðópnir, a rooster that sits atop Yggdrasil in Norse mythology

Carnivorans

Bears

Canines

  • Adlet
  • Amarok
  • Anubis – jackal-headed god associated with mummification and the afterlife (Egypt)
  • Aralez
  • Asena
  • Axehandle hound – a dog-like beast that reputedly subsists on axe-handles left unattended (United States & Canada)
  • Black dog, also known as Barghest, Black Shuck, or Grim – associated with the Devil, Hellhound (Britain)
  • Beast of Gévaudan – man-eating wolf, terrorized the province of Gévaudan (France)
  • Carbunclo[3]
  • Cerberus – multi-headed dog, guards the gates of the Underworld, son/brother of Orthrus (Greek, Roman)
  • Chupacabra (Latin American)- Alleged creature reputed to attack and drink the blood of livestock, occasionally described with bat-like features. Sometimes thought to resemble, or mistaken for a hairless coyote.
  • Cu Sith (or Cusith) – Hellhound, harbinger of death (Scotland, the Hebrides, Ireland)
  • Crocotta – mythical dog-wolf, related to the hyena (India, Ethiopia)
  • Cynocephaly – having the head of a dog or jackal
  • Fenrir – monstrous wolf, father of the wolves (Norse)
  • Gelert
  • Hellhound – supernatural dog, bringers of death (worldwide)
  • Huli jing or Kitsune or Kumiho – Fox spirits, like Fairies (China, Japan, Korea)
  • Huodou;- a large black dog that can emit flames from its mouth (China)
  • Orthrus – two headed dog, father/brother of Cerberus (Greek)
  • Penghou – tree spirit that appears like a black dog and tastes like dog-meat (Chinese)
  • Salawa – the "Typhonian Animal," a slender, vaguely canine-animal that is the totemic animal of Set
  • Sigbin – is a creature in Philippine mythology (Philippines)
  • Sky Fox (mythology), a celestial nine-tailed Fox Spirit that is 1,000 years old and has golden fur (Chinese)
  • Shug Monkey – dog/monkey creature found in Cambridgeshire (Britain)
  • Tanuki – Japanese raccoon dog, legends claim is a shapeshifting trickster (Japan)
  • Vǎrkolak, or "Vukodlak" (Slavic) – undead vampire werewolf
  • Werewolf – human, shapeshifts to a wolf because of an affliction, lycanthrope (Worldwide)

Felines

Lions

Hyenas

  • Werehyena
  • Kishi – cannibalistic two-faced demon, half-human half-hyena (Africa)

Musteloids, mongoose and civets

Procyonids

  • Azeban is a lower-level trickster spirit in Abenaki mythology. The traditional homeland of the Abenaki is Wobanakik (Place of the Dawn), what is now called northern New England and southern Quebec. Azeban (also spelled Azban, Asban or Azaban) is a raccoon, the Abenaki trickster figure. Pronounced ah-zuh-bahn. Azeban does many foolish and/or mischievous things in Abenaki folktales, but unlike animal tricksters in some other tribes, is not dangerous or malevolent.

Fish

Insectivores

  • Lavellan A Lavellan, làbh-allan, la-mhalan or la-bhallan etc. is a mythological creature from northern Scotland. It was generally considered to be a kind of rodent, and indeed the name "làbh-allan" is also used for a water shrew or water vole in Scottish Gaelic. It was however, reportedly larger than a rat, very noxious, and lived in deep pools in rivers. Its poisonous abilities were legendary, and it was said to be able to injure cattle over a hundred feet away.

Marsupials

Molluscs

Primates

  • Agropelter – a beast that amuses itself by hurling twigs and tree branches at passersby (United States & Canada)
  • Bigfoot or Sasquatch – Cryptid, animal of the Northwest (North America)
  • Hibagon or Hinagon – ape-like, similar to Bigfoot, or the Yeti (Japan)
  • Jué yuán – blue-furred man-sized rhesus monkey that abducts human women (China & Japan)
  • Satori – mind-reading magical ape or monkey (Japan)
  • Shōjō – anthropomorphic spirit, depicted as furred, somewhat confounded with orangutan (Japan)
  • Shug Monkey – dog/monkey (Britain)
  • Sun Wukong (proper name) – powerful warrior-magician in the form of a monkey who hatched from a stone egg (China)
  • Vanara – humanoid apes or monkeys (India, Hindu)
  • Whirling Whimpus, a gorilla-like monster with large arms and horse-like hooves, with the ability to spin around into a small tornado to catch prey,[5][6] similar to Taz of Looney Tunes fame.
  • Yeren – man-monkey, cryptid hominid, resides in remote mountainous (China)
  • Yeti – Abominable Snowman, ape-like cryptid similar to Bigfoot, that inhabits the Himalayas (Nepal, Tibet)
  • Yowie – hominid said to live in the Australian wilderness, a cryptid similar to the Himalayan Yeti (Australia)

Rabbits and hares

Reptiles, Limbed

Reptiles, Serpents and Worms

Rodents

Ungulates

Antelopes and deer

Bovines

Camelids

Caprids

Equines

  • Anggitay – is a creature with the upper body of a female human and the lower body of a horse from waist down (Philippines)
  • Arion – Talking immortal horse (Greek)
  • Buraq – Al-Burāq, steed from the heavens that transported the prophets (Islam, Persian Art)
  • Centaur – head, arms, and torso of a human, the body and legs of a horse (Greek)
  • Cheval Gauvin – horse which tries to kill its rider (French/Swiss)
  • Cheval Mallet; horse that tempts and kidnaps weary travelers (French)
  • Chiron – centaur believed to be exceptional among his brethren (Greek)
  • Chollima; a winged horse too swift to be mounted by any mortal (Chinese)
  • Haizum – horse of the archangel Gabriel (Islam)
  • Hippogriff – winged horse with the head and upper body of an eagle (French, England)
  • Ichthyocentaurs – upper body of a man, the lower front of a horse, tail of a fish (Greek)
  • Ipotane – half-horse, half-humans, original centaurs (Greek)
  • Karkadann – monstrous, highly aggressive unicorn (India, Persia)
  • Kotobuki(Japanese) – Yokai with traits of all members of the Chinese zodiac
  • Longma – fabled winged horse with dragon scales (China)
  • Onocentaur – part human, part donkey (Greek)
  • Pegasus – white winged stallion (Greek)
  • Pooka – spirits, or fairies who lived near ancient stones, good or bad (Ireland)
  • Sleipnir – Odin's eight-legged horse, which he rode to Hel (location) (Norse)
  • Simurgh – like the Hippogriff with the head of a human (Persian)
  • Tikbalang – creature with the body of a man and the head and hooves of a horse, lurks in the mountains and forests (Philippines)
  • Uchchaihshravas – seven-headed all white flying horse (Hindu)
  • Unicorn – horse-like creature with a single horn, often symbolizing purity (Worldwide)
  • Water Horse - General name for mythical water dwelling horses of many cultures
  • White horse

Pachyderms

  • See List of elephants in mythology and religion
  • Pigs and boars

    Xenarthrans

    Megafauna

    Giants

    Artificial creatures

    This listing includes creatures that are man-made, mechanical or of alchemical origins.

    Body parts, creatures associated with

    Blood

    Bone

    Eye

    Face

    Hair

    Head

    Limbs

    Mouth

    Skin

    Tail

    Neck

    Torso

    Abdomen

    Concepts, creatures associated with

    Battle, Vengeance, Violence, and War

    Birth and Rebirth

    Death and Immortality

    Dream, the Mind, and Sleep

    Evil Eye and Sight

    Fertility and Human Sexuality

    Fortune, Luck, and Wealth

    Light

    Love and Romance

    Sound

    Speech

    Note: see Talking animal

    Time and Technology

    Wisdom

    Demons

    Elements, creatures associated with

    Aether

    Air and wind

    Darkness

    Earth and subterranean

    Fire

    Light and rainbow

    Metal and gold

    Thunder and lightning

    Water

    Habitats, creatures associated with

    Cave and underground

    Celestial and heaven

    Desert

    Temperate forest and woodland

    Tropical forest and jungle

    Temperate grassland and garden

    Savanna

    Lake and river

    Mountain and hill

    Sea

    Swamp and marsh

    Volcano and lava

    Polar, ice, and winter

    Urban and house

    Underworld and hell

    Humanoids

    see Mythic humanoids

    Hybrids

    see List of hybrid creatures

    Astronomical objects, creatures associated with

    Sun

    Moon

    Constellation

    World

    Creatures associated with Plants

    Shapeshifters

    see List of shapeshifters

    Creatures associated with Times

    Day and diurnal

    Night and nocturnal

    Undead

  • see also Category:Ghosts and Ghosts in Hindu Mythology – Bhoot, Baital & Pishacha
  • Corporeal

    Miscellaneous

    References

    1. ^ a b Montecino Aguirre, Sonia (2015). "Alicanto". Mitos de Chile: Enciclopedia de seres, apariciones y encantos (in Spanish). Catalonia. pp. 47–48. ISBN 978-956-324-375-8.
    2. ^ Illinois, Reboot (30 October 2014). "5 Illinois Monster Stories That Will Make You Want to Check Under the Bed". HuffPost. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
    3. ^ a b Quintana Mansilla, Bernardo. "El Carbunco". Chiloé mitológico (in Spanish).
    4. ^ a b c d Montecino Aguirre, Sonia (2015). "Carbunclo". Mitos de Chile: Enciclopedia de seres, apariciones y encantos (in Spanish). Catalonia. p. 130. ISBN 978-956-324-375-8.
    5. ^ Cox, William T. with Latin Classifications by George B. Sudworth. Fearsome Creatures of the Lumberwoods. (Washington, D.C.: Judd & Detweiler Inc., 1910
    6. ^ Cite error: The named reference tryon was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
    7. ^ a b c Montecino Aguirre, Sonia (2015). "Llamas". Mitos de Chile: Enciclopedia de seres, apariciones y encantos (in Spanish). Catalonia. p. 415. ISBN 978-956-324-375-8.
    8. ^ "Geryon". Theoi. Retrieved 10 February 2017. a three-bodied, four-winged giant
    9. ^ Platt, Rutherford (1926). The Lost Books of the Bible and the Forgotten Books of Eden. Entry: The Book of the Secrets of Enoch chapter XII