List of legislatures of the Philippines

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The pre-martial law Senate

The Philippines has been governed by legislatures since 1898. The country has had different setups, with legislatures under the presidential system and the parliamentary system, and with legislatures having one or two chambers.

The first national legislature in the Philippines was the Malolos Congress that convened in the Barasoain Church at Malolos, Bulacan. Convened after the declaration of independence from Spain at the height of the Philippine Revolution, the Congress ratified the declaration, and drafted a constitution. With the capture of President Emilio Aguinaldo during the ensuing Philippine–American War, the unrecognized First Philippine Republic fell.

The Americans then sent several commissions to assess the situation; these eventually became the Philippine Commission. With the passage of the Philippine Bill of 1902, the Philippine Commission eventually became an appointive upper house of the new Philippine Legislature, of which the wholly elected Philippine Assembly was the lower house. The passage of the Philippine Autonomy Act instituted a mostly elective Senate as the upper house, with the House of Representatives as the lower house. This set up continued until the 1935 Constitution of the Philippines was set into force, creating a unicameral National Assembly under the Commonwealth of the Philippines. Amendments that took effect in 1941 restored the bicameral setup, creating the Commonwealth Congress. However, World War II intervened, and legislators elected in 1941 were not be able to serve. The invading Japanese set up the Second Philippine Republic that convened its own National Assembly.

The Allies reconquered the Philippines and the legislators elected in 1941 who are either still alive or are not arrested for collaboration convened in 1945. The Americans granted independence on July 4, 1946, and the Commonwealth Congress was renamed as Congress of the Republic of the Philippines. This will continue until the declaration of martial law by President Ferdinand Marcos on September 23, 1972, which effectively dissolved Congress. Marcos then exercised legislative power; his 1973 Constitution created the unicameral Batasang Pambansa, a parliament. The Batasang Pambansa first convened in 1978, and will continue to exist until the 1986 People Power Revolution that overthrew Marcos from power. President Corazon Aquino appointed a constitutional commission that drafted the 1987 Constitution which restored the bicameral Congress with the presidential system of government.

List[edit]

The figures below are for the end of every Congress. Members may switch to a party mid-term.

Since 1946[edit]

Legislature Session started Senate House of Representatives
Diagram Number of
members
Election Election results Diagram Number of
members
Election Election results
1st Congress of the Republic May 25, 1946
1st Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition (1946-47).svg
24 1946 8 Liberal Party
7 Nacionalista Party
1 Popular Front
1st Congress of the Philippines-House of Representatives composition.svg
98 1946 49 Liberal Party
35 Nacionalista Party
11 Democratic Alliance
5 independent
2 others
January 27, 1947
January 26, 1948
1st Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition (1947-49).svg
1947 7 Liberal Party
1 Nacionalista Party
January 24, 1949
2nd Congress of the Republic January 23, 1950
2nd Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition (1949-51).svg
24 1949 8 Liberal Party
2nd Congress of the Philippines-House of Representatives composition.svg
100 1949 60 Liberal Party
33 Nacionalista Party
6 Liberal Party (Avelino wing)
1 independent
January 22, 1951
January 28, 1952
2nd Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition (1951-53).svg
1951 8 Nacionalista Party
January 26, 1953
3rd Congress of the Republic January 25, 1954
3rd Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition (1953-55).svg
24 1953 5 Nacionalista Party
2 Democratic Party
1 Citizens' Party
3rd Congress of the Philippines-House of Representatives composition.svg
102 1953 59 Liberal Party
31 Nacionalista Party
11 Democratic Party
1 independent
January 24, 1955
January 23, 1956
3rd Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition (1955-57).svg
1955 8 Nacionalista Party
January 28, 1957
4th Congress of the Republic January 27, 1958
4th Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition (1957-59).svg
24 1957 6 Nacionalista Party
2 Liberal Party
4th Congress of the Philippines-House of Representatives composition.svg
102 1957 82 Nacionalista Party
19 Liberal Party
1 NCP
January 26, 1959
January 25, 1960
4th Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition (1959-61).svg
1959 5 Nacionalista Party
2 Liberal Party
1 NCP
January 23, 1961
5th Congress of the Republic January 22, 1962
5th Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition (1961-63).svg
24 1961 4 Liberal Party
2 Nacionalista Party
2 Progressive Party
5th Congress of the Philippines-House of Representatives composition.svg
104 1961 74 Nacionalista Party
29 Liberal Party
1 independent
January 28, 1963
January 27, 1964
5th Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition (1963-65).svg
1963 4 Nacionalista Party
4 Liberal Party
January 25, 1965
6th Congress of the Republic January 24, 1966
6th Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition (1965-67).svg
24 1965 5 Nacionalista Party
2 Liberal Party
1 NCP
6th Congress of the Philippines-House of Representatives composition.svg
104 1965 61 Liberal Party
38 Nacionalista Party
5 independent
January 23, 1967
January 22, 1968
6th Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition (1967-69).svg
1967 7 Nacionalista Party
1 Liberal Party
January 27, 1969
7th Congress of the Republic January 26, 1970
7th Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition (1969-71).svg
24 1969 6 Nacionalista Party
2 Liberal Party
7th Congress of the Philippines-House of Representatives composition.svg
110 1969 88 Nacionalista Party
18 Liberal Party
4 independent
January 25, 1971
January 24, 1972
7th Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition (1971-73).svg
1971 6 Liberal Party
2 Nacionalista Party
Interim Batasang Pambansa June 12, 1978 Senate was abolished
Interim Batasang Pambansa composition.svg
189 1978 137 KBL
14 BLKNNL
13 Pusyon Bisaya
1 Mindanao Alliance
14 sectoral
10 appointed
June 23, 1979
July 28, 1980
July 27, 1981
July 26, 1982
July 25, 1983
Regular Batasang Pambansa July 23, 1984
Regular Batasang Pambansa composition.svg
183 1984 114 KBL
61 UNIDO/PDP-Laban coalition
2 Nacionalista Party
6 independents
July 22, 1985
8th Congress of the Republic July 27, 1987
8th Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition.svg
24 1987 22 LABAN
2 GAD
8th Congress of the Philippines-House of Representatives composition.svg
213 1987 24 Lakas ng Bansa
22 PDP-Laban
21 Lakas ng Bansa/PDP-Laban coalition
16 Liberal Party
11 KBL
62 others/coalitions
13 sectoral
July 27, 1988
July 24, 1989
July 23, 1990
July 22, 1991
9th Congress of the Republic July 27, 1992
9th Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition.svg
24 1992 16 LDP
5 NPC
2 Lakas-NUCD-UMDP
1 Liberal Party
9th Congress of the Philippines-House of Representatives composition.svg
214 1992 86 LDP
40 Lakas-NUCD-UMDP
30 NPC
11 Liberal Party
6 independent
26 others
15 sectoral
July 26, 1993
July 25, 1994
10th Congress of the Republic July 24, 1995
10th Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition.svg
24 1995 9 Lakas-Labam
2 NPC
1 PRP
10th Congress of the Philippines-House of Representatives composition.svg
214 1995 100 Lakas-NUCD-UMDP
25 Lakas-Laban Coalition
22 NPC
17 LDP
11 Liberal Party
7 independent
33 others
3 sectoral
July 29, 1996
July 28, 1997
11th Congress of the Republic July 27, 1998
11th Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition.svg
24 1998 5 Lakas-NUCD-UMDP
4 LDP
1 PDP-Laban
1 PMP
11th Congress of the Philippines-House of Representatives composition.svg
222 1998 76 LAMMP
40 NPC
37 Lakas-NUCD-UMDP
32 LDP
14 Liberal Party
3 independent
4 others
16 sectoral
July 26, 1999
July 24, 2000
12th Congress of the Republic July 23, 2001
12th Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition.svg
24 2001 8 PPC
5 Puwersa ng Masa
1 independent
12th Congress of the Philippines-House of Representatives composition.svg
237 2001 95 Lakas-NUCD-UMDP
48 NPC
25 Liberal Party
20 LDP
6 independent
15 others
16 sectoral
July 29, 2002
July 28, 2003
13th Congress of the Republic July 26, 2004
13th Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition.svg
24 2004 8 K4
5 KNP
13th Congress of the Philippines-House of Representatives composition.svg
235 2004 92 Lakas-CMD
53 NPC
29 Liberal Party
15 LDP
4 independent
16 others
23 sectoral
July 25, 2005
July 24, 2006
14th Congress of the Republic July 23, 2007
14th Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition.svg
24 2007 7 GO
3 TEAM Unity
2 independents
14th Congress of the Philippines-House of Representatives composition.svg
267 2007 89 Lakas-CMD
44 KAMPI
28 NPC
23 Liberal Party
11 Nacionalista Party
4 independent
23 others
53 sectoral
July 28, 2008
July 27, 2009
15th Congress of the Republic July 26, 2010
15th Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition.svg
24 2010 3 Liberal Party
2 Nacionalista Party
2 PMP
2 Lakas-Kampi
3 others
2010 Philippine House of Representatives elections seat diagram.svg
286 2010 107 Lakas-Kampi
45 Liberal Party
31 NPC
26 Nacionalista Party
7 independent
13 others
56 sectoral
July 25, 2011
July 24, 2012
16th Congress of the Republic July 22, 2013
16th Congress of the Philippines-Senate composition.svg
24 2013 3 UNA
3 Nacionalista Party
1 Liberal Party
1 NPC
1 LDP
1 PDP-Laban
2 independent
2013 Philippine House of Representatives elections seat diagram.svg
292 2013 112 Liberal Party
43 NPC
24 NUP
17 Nacionalista Party
14 Lakas-CMD
10 UNA
6 independent
14 others
58 sectoral
July 28, 2014
July 27, 2015
17th Congress of the Republic July 25, 2016 24 2016 5 Liberal Party
2 NPC
1 Akbayan
1 UNA
3 Independent
297 2016 115 Liberal Party
42 NPC
24 Nacionalista Party
23 NUP
11 UNA
19 others
4 independent
59 sectoral
July 24, 2017
July 23, 2018
18th Congress of the Republic July 22, 2019 24 2019 297 2019
July 27, 2020
July 26, 2021